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Full text of "The English dialect dictionary, being the complete vocabulary of all dialect words still in use, or known to have been in use during the last two hundred years; founded on the publications of the English Dialect Society and on a large amount of material never before printed."

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JOSEPH    WRIGHT,    M.A.,   PH.D.,    D.C.L. 

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NEW    YORK:    G.    P.    PUTNAM'S    SONS 


[All  rights  reserved] 



THE  ENGLISH  DIALECT  DICTIONARY  is  printed  at  the  expense  of  JOSKPH  WRIGHT,  M.A. 
of  Langdale  House,  Park  Town,  Oxford. 



IT. I.1          —    Antrim  and  Down. — A  Glossary  of  Words  in  use 

in    the  Counties  of  Antrim  and  Down.     By  W. 

HUGH  PATTERSON.     E.  D.  S.,  1880. 
Bnff.1        =     Banffshire.— The  Dialect  of  Banffshire.     By  Rev. 

W.  GREGOR,  1866. 
Brhs.1       =     Berkshire. — A  Glossary  of  Berkshire   Words  and 

Phrases.     By  Major  B.  LOWSLEY.     E.  D.  S.,  1888. 
Cai.1  =     Caithness.— MS.   Collection   of  Caithness  Words. 


Cmb.1        =     Cambridgeshire. — MS.    Collection    of  Cambridge- 
shire Words.     By  J.  W.  DARWOOD. 
Chs.1         =     Cheshire. — Glossary  of  Words  used  in  the  County 

of  Chester.     By  R.  HOLLAND.     E.  D.  S.,  1884-6. 
Chs.2         =     Cheshire. — An  Attempt  at  a  Glossary  of  some  Words 

used  in  Cheshire.     By  ROGER  WILBRAHAM,  1826. 
Chs.3         =     Cheshire. — A  Glossary  of  Words  used  in  the  Dialect 

of  Cheshire.     By  E.  LEIGH,  1877. 
•.Chs.1      =    Cheshire.— The    Folk-Speech    of  South    Cheshire. 

By  TH.  DARLINGTON.     E.  D.  S.,  1887. 
Cor.1          •=     Cornwall. — Glossary  of  Words  in  use  in  Cornwall. 

By   Miss   M.  A.   COURTNEY  and  T.   Q.    COUCH. 

E.  D.S.,  1880. 
Cor.2         =     Cornwall. — The  Ancient  Language  and  the  Dialect 

of  Cornwall.     By  F.  W.  P.  JAGO,  1882. 
Cor.8         =     Cornwall.— MS.  Collection  of  Cornish  Words.     By 

T.  C.  PETER. 
Cum.1        =     Cumberland. — A  Glossary  of  Words  and  Phrases 

pertaining   to    the    Dialect   of  Cumberland.     By 

W.  DICKINSON.     E.  D.  S.,  1878-81. 
Cum.2       =    Cumberland. — The   Dialect   of  Cumberland.     By 

R.  FERGUSON,  1873. 
Cum.3        —    Cumberland. — The    Folk-Speech    of    Cumberland 

and  some  Districts  adjacent.  By  A.  C.  GIBSON,  1869. 
Cum.4        =     Cumberland.— A    Glossary    of    the    Words    and 

Phrases  pertaining  to  the  Dialect  of  Cumberland. 

By  W.  DICKINSON.      Re-arranged,  illustrated,  and 

augmented  by  quotations,  by  E.  W.  PREVOST,  1899. 
Der.1         =     Derbyshire. — Pegge's    Derbicisms,   edited   by   TH. 

HALLAM  and  W.  W.  SKEAT.     E.  D.  S.,  1894. 
Der.2         =     Derbyshire. — An  Attempt  at  a  Derbyshire  Glossary. 

By  JOHN  SLEIGH,  1865. 

nw.Der.1  -    Derbyshire.— MS.  Collection  of North-West  Derby- 
shire Words.     By  T.  HALLAM. 
Dev.1         =     Devonshire.— Glossary    to    'A    Dialogue    in    the 

Devonshire    Dialect,'    by    a    Lady.       By    J.    F. 

PALMER,  1837. 
Dev.2        =    Devonshire. — MS.  Collection  of  North  Devonshire 

Words.     By  W.  H.  DANIELS. 
Dev.8        =    Devonshire. — MS.  Collection  of  Devonshire  Words. 

Dev.*        =    Devonshire. — A    Glossary    of    Devonshire    Plant 

Names.   By  Rev.  HILDERIC  FRIEND.    E.D.S.,i88a. 
uw.Dev.1  =    Devonshire.— The    Dialect    of    Hartland,    Devon- 
shire.    By  R.  PEARSE  CHOPE.     E.  D.  S.,  1891. 

Dorsetshire. —  Poems  of  Rural  Life,  in  th»-Dorset 

Dialect;  with  a  Dissertation  and  Glossary,  1848. 

By  W.  BARNES. 
Durham — A   Glossary  of  Provincial   Words  used 

in  Teesdale  in  the  County  of  Durham.     1849. 
Durham. — A  List  of  Words  and  Phrases  in  every- 
day  use  by  the   natives   of  Hetton-le-Hole.     By 

Rev.  F.  M.  T.  PALGRAVE.     E.  D.  S.,  1896. 
Durham.— Walks  in  Weardale.     By  W.  H.  SMITH 

(ed.  1885). 
East    Anglia. — The    Vocabulary    of   East   Anglia.     = 

By  R.  FORBY,   1830.     Second  Edition,  consider- 
ably enlarged,  by  W.  RYE.     E.  D.  S.,  1895. 
East  Anglia.  — The  Vocabulary  of  East  Anglia.     By     = 

Rev.  W.  T.  SPURDENS.     E.  D.  S.,  1879. 
Essex. — A   Glossary   of   the    Essex    Dialect.       By     = 

R.  S.  CHARNOCK,  1880. 
Gloucestershire. — A     Glossary     of     Dialect     and     = 

Archaic  Words  used  in  the  County  of  Gloucester. 

By  J.  DRUMMOND  ROBERTSON.     E.  D.  S.,  1890. 
Gloucestershire. — A    Glossary    of    the    Cotswold     •= 

(Gloucestershire)  Dialect.     By  Rev.  R.  W.  HUNT- 
LEY,  1868. 
Hampshire. — A    Glossary    of   Hampshire   Words     « 

and  Phrases.     By  Rev.   Sir  W.  H.  COPE,  Bart. 

E.  D.  S.,  1883. 
Hampshire. — Isle    of  Wight   Words.      By    Major    = 

H.  SMITH  and  C.  ROACH  SMITH.     E.  D.  S.,  1881. 
Hampshire. — A   Dictionary   of  the  Isle  of  Wight    — 

Dialect,  and  of  Provincialisms  used  in  the  Island. 

By  W.  H.  LONG,  1886. 
Herefordshire. — A   Glossary  of  Provincial  Words    =* 

used  in  Herefordshire  and  some  of  the  adjoining 

Counties.    [By  Sir  G.  C.  LEWIS],  1839. 
Herefordshire. — Herefordshire        Glossary.        By     = 

Kent. — A  Dictionary  of  the   Kentish   Dialect    and     — 

Provincialisms   in    use    in   the   County   of  Kent. 

By  W.  D.  PARISH  and  W.  F.  SHAW.   E.  D.  S.,  1887. 
Kent. — An  Alphabet  of  Kenticisihs.     By  SAMUEL     = 

PEGGE.     E.  D.  S.,  1876. 
Lakeland. — Lakeland  and  Iceland.  ByT.  ELLWOOD.     = 

E.D.  S.,  1895. 

Lakeland.— Lakeland  Words.   By  B.  KIRKBY,  1898.    - 
Lancashire. — A  Glossary  of  the  Lancashire  Dialect.     = 

By  J.  H.  NODAL  and  G.  MILNER.   E.  D.  S.,  1875-83. 
Lancashire. — A  Glossary  of  the  Words  and  Phrases 

of  Furness  (North  Lancashire).     By  J.  P.  MORRIS, 

Lancashire. — A  Glossary   of  the   Dialect  of   the 

Hundred  of  Lonsdale.   By  R.  B.  PEACOCK.   London 

Phil.  Soc.  Trans.,  1869. 
Lancashire. — A  Glossary  of  Rochdale- with-Rossen- 

dale  Words  and  Phrases.     By  H.  CUNLIFFE,  1886. 



















m.Lan.1  =  Lancashire. — A  Blegburn  Dickshonary.  By  J. 
BARON,  1891. 

•  .Lan.1  =  Lancashire. — The  Folk-Speech  of  South  Lan- 
cashire. By  F.  E.  TAYLOR,  1901. 

Lei.1  •=  Leicestershire. — Leicestershire  Words.  Phrases, 
and  Proverbs.  By  A.  BENONI  EVANS.  E.  D.S., 

Lin.1  «»  Lincolnshire. — Provincial  Words  and  Expressions 
current  in  Lincolnshire.  By  J.  E.  BROGDEN,  1866. 

n.Lin.1  =  Lincolnshire.— A  Glossary  of  Words  used  in  the 
Wapentakes  of  Manley  and  Corringham,  Lincoln- 
shire. By  EDWARD  PEACOCK.  E.  D.  S.,  First 
Edition,  1877 ;  Second  Edition,  1889. 

•w.Lin.1  —  Lincolnshire. — Glossary  of  the  Words  in  use  in 
South- West  Lincolnshire.  By  Rev.  R.  E.  G.  COLE. 
E.  D.  S.,  1886. 

Hrf.1  =  Norfolk. — Great  Yarmouth  and  Lowestoft.  By 
J.  G.  NALL,  1866. 

jfhp.1  =  Northamptonshire. — Glossary  of  Northamptonshire 
Words  and  Phrases.  By  A.  E.  BAKEK,  1854. 

Hhp.2  «=  Northamptonshire. — The  Dialect  and  Folk- Lore  of 
Northamptonshire.  By  THOMAS  STERNBERG,  1851. 

H.Cy.1  •=  North  Country. — A  Glossary  of  North  Country 
Words.  By  J.  T.  BROCKETT,  1846. 

N.Cy.2  =  North  Country.—  A  Collection  of  English  Words, 
1691.  By  JOHN  RAY.  E.D.  S.,  1874. 

Hhb.1  —  Northumberland. — Northumberland  Words.  A 
Glossary  of  Words  used  in  the  County  of  North- 
umberland. By  R.  O.  HESLOP.  E.  D.  S.,  1892-4. 

Hot.1  —  Nottinghamshire. — MS.  Collection  of  Nottingham- 
shire Words.  By  THOMAS  A.  HILL. 

Hot.2  =  Nottinghamshire. — MS.  Collection  of  Nottingham- 
shire Words.  By  HORACE  WALKER. 

Hot.3  =  Nottinghamshire. — MS.  Collection  of  Nottingham- 
shire Words.  By  R.  L.  ABBOTT. 

Oxf.1  —  Oxfordshire. — Oxfordshire  Words.  ByMrs.  PARKER. 
E.  D.  S.,  1876,  1881. 

But.1  =  Rutlandshire.— Rutland  Words.  By  Rev.  CHRISTO- 
PHER WORDSWORTH.  E.  D.S.,  1891. 

S.kOrk.1**  Shetland  and  Orkneys.— An  Etymological  Glos- 
sary of  the  Shetland  and  Orkney  Dialect.  By 
T.  EDMONDSTON,  1866. 

Shr.1  —  Shropshire.— Shropshire  Word-Book,  a  Glossary 
of  Archaic  and  Provincial  Words,  &c.,  used  in  the 
County.  By  G.  F.  JACKSON,  1879. 

Shr.2  -»  Shropshire.— Salopia  Antiqua.  By  C.  H.  HARTS- 
HORNE.  London,  1841. 

w.Som.1  =  Somersetshire.— The  West  Somerset  Word-Book. 
A  Glossary  of  Dialectal  and  Archaic  Words  and 
Phrases  used  in  the  West  of  Somerset  and  East 
of  Devon.  By  F.  T.  ELWORTHY.  E.  D.  S.,  1886. 

Btf.1  -     Staffordshire.— An  Attempt  towards  a  Glossary  of 

the  Archaic  and  Provincial  Words  of  the  County 
of  Stafford.    By  CHARLES  H.  POOLE,  1880. 

Btf.2  —  Staffordshire. — MS.  Collection  of  Staffordshire 
Words.  By  T.  C.  WARRINGTON  and  A.  POPE. 

Buf.1  =•  Suffolk.— Suffolk  Words  and  Phrases.  By  E.  MOOR, 

Bur.1  «*  Surrey. — Surrey  Provincialisms.  By  GRANVILLE 
LEVESON-GOWER.  E.  D.  S.,  1876,  1893. 

Bus.1         >=    Sussex.— A  Dictionary  of  the  Sussex  Dialect.     By 

W.  D.  PARISH,  1875. 

8n».2  =  Sussex. — A  Glossary  of  the  Provincialisms  in  use  in 
the  County  of  Sussex.  By  W.  D.  COOPER, 

Warwickshire. — Warwickshire  Glossary.     By  T.    =        War.1 

SHARP.     Ed.  J.  O.  HALLIWELL,  1865. 
Warwickshire.— A  Warwickshire  Word-Book.  By    —       War.2 

G.  F.  NORTHALL.     E.  D.  S.,  1896. 
Warwickshire. — MS.  Collection  of  Warwickshire    =       War.8 

Words.     By  E.  SMITH. 
Warwickshire. — Glossary  ofWarwickshire  Dialect.    =        War.4 

By  G.  MILLER,  1898. 
Warwickshire.— South  Warwickshire  Words.     By    =»     s.War.1 

Mrs.  FRANCIS.     E.  D.  S.,  1876. 
Westmoreland. — MS.  Collection  of  Westmoreland    =        Wm.1 

Words.     By  W.  H.  HILLS  and  Dr.  JUST. 
Westmoreland     and     Cumberland.  —  Dialogues,    =    Wm.  ft 

Poems,  Songs,  and  Ballads,  by  various  writers,  Cum.' 

in  the  Westmoreland  and  Cumberland  Dialects. 

Published  by  J.  R.  SMITH,  1839. 
Wexford. — A  Glossary,  with  some  Pieces  of  Verse,    =        Wxf.1 

&c.     By  JACOB  POOLS,  1867. 
Wiltshire.— A    Glossary   of   Words  used   in   the    =         Wil.1 

County  of  Wiltshire.      By  G.  E.  DARTNELL  and 

E.  H.  GODDARD.     E.  D.  S.,  1893. 
Wiltshire. — A  Glossary  of  Provincial  Words  and    =        Wil.2 

Phrases  in  use  in  Wiltshire.     By  J.  Y.  AKERMAN, 

Worcestershire. — A  Glossary  of  West  Worcester-    =   w.Wor.1 

shire  Words.  By  Mrs.  CHAMBERLAIN.  E.D.S.,i88a. 
Worcestershire.  —  South  -  East       Worcestershire    =  M.Wor.1 

Words.     A  Glossary  of  Words  and  Phrases  used 

in  South-East  Worcestershire.     By  JESSE  SALIS- 
BURY.    E.  D.  S  ,  1894. 
Worcestershire.— Upton-on-Severn     Words     and     =     s.Wor.1 

Phrases.     By  ROBERT  LAWSON.     E.  D.  S.,  1884. 
Yorkshire.— A  Glossary  of  the  Cleveland  Dialect.    -     n.Yki.1 

By  Rev.  J.  C.  ATKINSON,  1868.     Additions  to  the 

above.    E.  D.  S.,  1876. 
Yorkshire. — A    Glossary    of   Words   used   in    the    =     n.Yks.- 

neighbourhood  of  Whitby.     By  F.  K.  ROBINSON. 

E.D.  S.,  1876. 
Yorkshire. — A  Glossary  of  Words  used  in  Swale-    =-     n.Yks.3 

dale,   Yorkshire.      By   Captain   JOHN    HARLAND. 

E.  D.  S.,  1873. 
Yorkshire.— Wit,  Character,  Folklore,  and  Customs    =     n.Tk».* 

of  the  North  Riding  of  Yorkshire.    By  R.  BLAKE- 
BOROUGH,  1898. 
Yorkshire.— Yorkshire   Folk-Talk.      By   M.  C.  F.    -  ne.Tki.1 

MORRIS,  1892. 
Yorkshire.— A  Glossary  of  Words  used  in  Holder-    =      e.Yks.1 

ness  in  the  East  Riding  of  Yorkshire.    By  F.  Ross, 

R.  STEAD,  and  TH.  HOLDERNESS.     E.D.  S.,  1877. 
Yorkshire.— A   Glossary   of  Words  pertaining  to    =    in.Yks.1 

the   Dialect  of  Mid-Yorkshire.      By  C.  CLOUGH 

ROBINSON.     E.  D.  S.,  1876. 
Yorkshire.— The  Dialect  of  Craven,  in  the   West    =     w.Yka.1 

Riding  of  the  County  of  York.    By  W.  CARR,  1828. 
Yorkshire. — A    Glossary    of  Words   used   in    the    =    w.Yks.2 

neighbourhood     of  Sheffield.      By   S.  O.  ADDY. 

E.  D.  S.,  1888-90. 
Yorkshire. — A  Glossary  of  the  Dialect  of  Almond-    =    w.Yk».s 

bury  and  Huddersfield.     By  ALFRED  EASTHER. 

E.  D.  S.,  1883. 
Yorkshire. — The    Hallamshire    Glossary.      By  J.    =    w.Yk«.4 

HUNTER,  1829. 
Yorkshire.— The  Dialect  of  Leeds,  and  its  Neigh-    =    w.Yk«.5 

bourhood to  which   is   added  a  copious 

Glossary.     By  C.  C.  ROBINSON,  1861. 

Where  HO  authority  is  given  for  plant-names,  the  information  has  been  obtained  from  A  Dictionary  of  English 
Plant  Names,  by  J.  Bnittn  and  R.  Holland.     E.  D.  S.,  1878-86. 



JAAKE,  v.  or  sb.  (?).     Meaning  unknown 


JAGE,  sb.    A  violent  motion  (w.Yks.). 
JAGGERS,  sb.    In  phr.  by  jaggers,  an  ex- 
pletive (Ess.). 
JAKE-EASY,    adj.       Meaning    unknown 

JANNOCK,    sb.     A    buttress    or    support 

against  a  wall  (Nhp.). 
JARGE,  sb.     A  jug  (Yks.). 
(?)  JAUK  or  AUK,  v.    Of  shoes  :  to  be  too 

large  for  the  foot,  not  to  fit  closely  (Abd.). 
JELLING,  adj.    Jovial  (w.Yks.). 
JIB,  v.    To  move  restlessly  (Dev.). 
JIG,  sb.     A  measure  of  yarn  (?)  (Frf.). 
JILLY-WOW,  sb.    A  witch  (Stf.). 
JIMRIE-COSIE,    sb.       Meaning    unknown 


JINGLER,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (w.Yks.). 
JISSICK,  sb.     A  tickling  cough  (Suf.). 
JIZE,  sb.    In  phr.jize  be  here,  an  expletive 

JOE,  sb.      An   agricultural  instrument  (?) 


JOKIM,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Rnf.). 
JOOPIE,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 
JOT,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (WiU. 
JOWEY,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Lan.  or 


JUGLER,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Lei.). 
JUMCTURER,  sb.    A  great-coat  (Rxb.). 
JUNKIT,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Ayr.). 
JU-UM,  adj.     Empty  (n.Cy.). 

KAAN,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 
KAKER,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Per.). 
KALTS,  sb.  pi.   The  game  of  quoits  ^Shr.). 
KANN,  sb.     Fluor-spar  (Cor.). 
KARKEN,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Lan.). 
KATE,  sb.    A  public-house  (e.Yks.). 
KATLET,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sc.). 
KAVEL,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 
KECK,  sb.     Success,  luck  (w.Yks.). 
KECKER,  sb.    An  overseer  at  a  coal-mine 


KEEL,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Dur.). 
KEEL,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Dmb.). 
KEEPS,  sb.  pi.    Meaning  unknown  (Frf.). 
KELD,  v.    To  thump  (Nhb.). 
KELSHIE,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Frf.). 
KEMBING,  sb.    A  utensil  used  in  brewing 


KENNEN,  v.     To  know  (Ir.). 
KEOSTREL,  sb.    A  karl  (sic)  (Cum.,  Wm.). 
KESTERN,  adj.    Cross,  contentious  (n.Cy.). 
KETT,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Lth  ,  Hdg.). 
KETTLE,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Ir.). 
KIAAR,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 
KIFT,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Ayr.). 
KILHAB,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Slk.). 
KILLEMS-OUT,  sb.  pi.     Marbles  (Nrf.). 
KILLSIMMER,    sb.      Meaning    unknown 


KINCH,  sb.1    Meaning  unknown  (Frf.). 
KINCH,  si.2    Meaning  unknown  (Edb.). 
KINDER-MAKER,  sb.     Meaning  unknown 

KING'S  TAW,   phr.      Meaning    unknown 


KINSH,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sc.). 
KIPES,  sb.  pi.     Meaning  unknown  (Frf.). 
KISHY,  adj.    Thick,  stiff,  pasty  (w.Yks.). 
KJAEKSIE,a^'.  Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 
KJIMPIN',  ppl.  adj.      Meaning    unknown 


KJODEE,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

KLEEPIE  STONES,  phr.  Meaning  un- 
known (Sh.I.). 

KNAKS,  sb.  pi.  In  phr.  to  take  the'knaks, 
meaning  unknown  (Edb.). 

KNALTER,  v.    To  know  (Lan.). 

KNAUM,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Lnk.). 

KNAVE,  v>    To  gnaw  or  bite  (Lan.). 

KNAVE,  v.2    Meaning  unknown  (Nhp.). 

KNEE,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Nrf.). 

KNERRY,  v.    To  nay  [sic]  (Stf.). 

KNETTER,  v.    Meaning  unknown  (n.Yks.). 

KNITTAL,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Abd.). 

KNOCKIE,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Sc.). 

KNOCK-SO,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

KORSIS,s6.  pi.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I  ). 

KRACHT,  sb.    Wickedness,  craft  (Sc.). 

KRAEK,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

KRIKKETY,s6.    Meaning  unknown  (Lan.). 

KROGIK  EE'D,  phr.  Meaning  unknown 

KULLIE  FOR  BULLIE,  phr.  Meaning  un- 
known (Sh.I.). 

KYRST,  sb.    A  wood  (Oxf.). 

LAANGER,  sb.   A  disease  of  cows  (?)  (Sh.I.). 
LAAVER,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 
LAEGA,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 
LAFT,  v.    To  look  for  (Cum.). 
LAG,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Slg.). 
LAIGGENS,s6./>/.  Meaning  unknown  (Slk.). 
LAIR,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Gall.). 
LALE,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Wm.). 
LANCROCK,  (?).     A  word  occurring  in  a 

Shrovetide    rhyme ;    meaning   unknown 


LANT,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Lan.). 
LAP,  v.    To  cry  (Yks.). 
LAP-MESSIN,  sb.    A  term  applied  to  a  dog 


LAPPERTAGE,  sb.  Obs.  Meaning  un- 
known (Won). 

LARCH,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Dev.). 
LARE,  adj.     In  phr.  as  lare  do  so  and  so,  as 

lief  do  so  and  so  (?)  (Dor.). 
LASAVRAN,s6.  Meaning  unknown  (Pern.). 
LASHIGILLAVERY,   sb.      A   superfluity, 

esp.  of  food  (n.Cy.). 
LASSY,  adj.     Last  (n.Yks.). 
LAUG,  sb.  or  adj.  (?).     Meaning  unknown 


LAUGHER,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Yks.). 
LAUK  URROW,  phr.     Meaning  unknown 

LAUMINGK,    prp.       Meaning    unknown 

LA  VEER,    v.      To    linger,    procrastinate 


LAVER,  sb.    The  remainder  (n.Cy.). 
LAX,  sb.    A  part  (Som.). 
LAY  ACROSS,  phr.     Meaning  unknown 

LAY  IN  LEAD,  phr.      Meaning  unknown 

LEACHT,  sb.    A  large-sized  kistvaen  (Dev., 

LEAD-RECORDER,  sb.    Meaning  unknown 


LEAR,  v.    To  lean  (n.Cy.). 
LEAREN-TUB,  sb.    The  vessel  in  which 

meal  and  water  are  mingled  before  being 

baked  into  oatcake  (w.Yks.). 
LECTURE,  sb.     A  speech,   cry,   warning 

(Hnt.  ?). 
LEE,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (ScA 

LEEVE,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LEG,  sb.  In  phr.  a  leg  of  raan,  meaning 
unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LEGIM,  adv.  In  phr.  to  ride  legim  or  on 
legim,  to  ride  astride  (Rxb.). 

LENNOCKMORE,  adj.  Meaning  unknown 

LENTEN,  pp.     Allowed,  let  (Per.). 

LENTOR,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Ir.). 

LETCH,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Ayr.). 

LICKFALADITY,  adv.  With  full  force 

LICKY-HOW,  int.     An  exclamation  (Cor.). 

LIDDALES,  adj.  Out  of  anything,  esp.  out 
of  provisions  (Sh.I.). 

LIE,  v.  In  phr.  to  lie  out;  meaning  un- 
known (Sh.I.). 

LIFT-HAUSE,  sb.    The  left  hand  (Rxb.). 

LIFTING,///,  adj.  Applied  to  cattle;  mean- 
ing unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LIGH,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Lan.). 

LIGHT,  sb.  (?).     Meaning  unknown  (In). 

LIGS,  sb.  pi.     '  Ley  '  (Yks.). 

LIN,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LING,  sb.  In  phr.  the  ling  of  one's  life  ; 
meaning  unknown  (Wxf.). 

LING,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Lan.). 

LINGER,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Wxf.). 

LINITY,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LINKS,  sb.  pi.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LIP,  sb.  or  adj.  (?).  In  phr.  to  be  lip,  to  begin 
lip  \  meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LITTER,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Dev.). 

LO,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LOAK-HEN,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Nrf.). 

LOBBYSTHROWL,  sb.     Goitre  (Der.). 

LOCK,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Lth.). 

LOCKER  STRAE, />//>-.  Meaning  unknown 

LODGE,  adj.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LOKKER,  v.     To  curl  (Sc.). 

LONE,  adj.     Long  (Nhb.). 

LOOG,  v.  (?).     Meanirg  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LOOMENT,  sb.     pbscurity  (Dev.). 

LOON,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Ayr.). 

LORNE,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LOSEN,  v.     To  look  (Won). 

LOSES,  sb.  pi.     Meaning  unknown  (Lan.). 

LOTHER,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Ken.). 

LOUNDSING,  prp.    Lingering  (Cmb.). 

LOVE-SPOKEN,  ppl.  adj.  Meaning  un- 
known (Bnff.). 

LOYST,  v.    Meaning  unknown  (Lan.). 

LUCKER,  adj.     Loose,  flabby  (Ken.). 

LUCKING-MILL,  sb.    A  fulling-mill  (Ken.). 

LUCKS,   Meaning  unknown  (w.Yks.). 

LUCKY -PROACH,  sb.  The  father-lasher, 
Coitus  bubalis  (Fif.). 

LUELY,  sb.     A  fray  (Sc.). 

LUFES,  sb.  pi.    The  ears  of  a  toad  (n.Cy.). 

LUMSTHROWL,  adj.    Goitre  (Den). 

LUNDGATE,  sb.  Meaning  unknown 

LURDER,  sb.  An  awkward,  lazy,  worth- 
less person  (Sc.). 

LURE,s6.  The  palm  ofthe  hand  (n.Cy.,  Nhb.). 

LUSCH,  5*.    A  wish,  desire  (Som.). 

LUSKEE,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Rxb.). 

LYERON,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Som.). 

LYINS,  sb.  pi.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

LYLSIE-WULSIE,  sb.  Linsey-woolsey 

LYMPHAD,  sb.     A  galley  (Sc.). 

LYTHING,  vbl.  sb.  Softening,  soothing 


HAAS,  v.     Meaning  unknown  (Suf.). 

HAASLIG,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

HACK-A-THRAW,«#.  Meaning  unknown 

HACKEN-CROOK,  sb.     Meaning  unknown 

HACKING,  vbl.  sb.     In   phr.  hacking  and 
heeling.    Meaning  unknown  (Som.). 

HADYEDS,  adj.  or  sb.   (?).    Meaning  un- 
known (Ayr.). 

HAIL,  v.      In    phr.  to  hail  a  hundred,  a 
weaving  term  (Edb.). 

(?)  HAINI  or  HAIM,  sb.    A  hand  (Lin.). 

HAIVINGS,s«. pi.  Shallows  in  a  river  (Not.). 

HALE,  sb.    A  land  measure  (Sus.). 

HALF-BAG-MAUND,    sb.      Meaning    un- 
known (Som.). 

HALLAN-SHACKER,  sb.    A  hare  (Dev.). 

HALPER-POT,    sb.      Meaning    unknown 

HALT-WO,  int.    A  wagoner's  call  to  his 
team  to  go  to  the  off-side  of  the  road  (Sus.). 

HAL  VANS,  sb.     Inferior  ore  (n.Cy.). 

HAMCH,  sb.    The  hip-joint  (Nhb.). 

HAMIL,  sb.    A  handle  (Som.). 

HAND,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

HANNA-PAGE.56.  Meaningunknown  (Nrf.). 

HANNIE,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Cum.). 

HAN-SPAN,  adv.     Obs.    Very  heartily  (?) 

HATEN,  adj.    Meaning  unknown  (Wm.). 

HAUM,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Wil.). 

HAUTECKING,  adj.     Meaning    unknown 

HAVER,  v.    To  toast  before  the  fire  (Bwk.). 

HAWK -TREE,  sb.    An  oak-tree  (?)  (Wm.). 

HAY,  v.    Meaning  unknown  (Dev.). 

HEADSET,  56.    Meaning  unknown  (Abd.). 

HEAL-HA'DIN  or  -MAKIN',  sb.    Salvation 

HEARF,  sb.     Health  (Som.). 

HEAUVELESS,  adj.     Meaning    unknown 

HEELIN',  vbl.  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Dev.). 

HEEL-SCAT,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Slg.). 

HEFF,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Dev.). 

HEFTERT,  adv.    After  (n.Cy.). 

HEINT,  pret.    Saw,  observed  (In). 

HELM,  v.    To  turn,  govern,  guide  (Edb.). 

HEN,  adj.    Old  (Chs.). 

HEPPER,  sb.    A  young  salmon  (Wai.). 

HERBRY,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Inv.). 

HERONIOUS,arf/.  Meaningunknown  (Ayr.). 

HERTA,  adj.    Female  (Sh.I.). 

HETHOR-DRAYKIN,    sb.      Meaning    un- 
known (Nhb.). 

HEUCH,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Sc.). 

HEVER,  sb.    The  hemlock  (Hrf.). 

HEVICAIRIES,   int.    An    exclamation    of 

surprise,  &c.  (Sc.) 
HICE,  int.    '  Keep  still ! '  (Hrf.) 
HICKERTY-PICKERTY.a^.   A  nonsense 

formula  used  by  mummers  (Chs.). 
HIE,  v.  (?)     Meaning  unknown  (Der.). 
HIERTIEING,  vbl.  sb.    Meaning  unknown 

(Sc ) 

HILDING,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Bdf.). 
HILLY  HO !  phr.    A  hunting  or  trumpet 

cry  (?)  (Sc.). 

HIM,  v.    To  believe  (Som.). 
HINN,  v.    Meaning  unknown  (Dev.). 
HIP-HOUSE,  sb.    A  lone  house  (Dor.). 
HIPSY  DIXY,/£r.     Of  evidence:  trumped 

up,  faked  (Dur.). 
HISHER  or  ISHER,  adj.  and  adv.     Higher 

(n.Yks.,  w.Yks.). 

HITCH,  sb.    Monthly  Agents  [sic]  (Wil.). 
HIVE,  v.    Meaning  unknown  (Sur.). 
HJUD,  v.  (?).     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 
HO,  sb.  (?).    Cover  (Sc.). 
VLO,pron.    Her  (Cum.). 
HOBLINS,  adv.   Meaning  unknown  (Cum.). 
HOCKEDOCK,  sb.    An  aqueduct  (Cmb.). 
HOCKER,  v.    To  seek  (w.Yks.). 
HOCKLER-OCKLER,    sb.        A    hawking 

greengrocer  (w.Yks.). 
HOCKY-VOCKSY,  sb.    A  head  constables 

staff  (Dev.). 

HODLE-MAKENSTER,  sb.     Meaning  un- 
known (Sc.). 

sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Ir.). 
HOGANSTORE,   sb.      Meaning    unknown 

HOG-PIPES,   sb.   pi.      Meaning    unknown 


HOLLEN,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Per.). 

Eau-de-Cologne  (Nrf.). 
HOMI-OMRIE,   sb.      A    hotch-potch,  mis- 
cellany (Sc.). 

HOOF,  sb.    An  acre  (Lin.). 
HOO-FLOO,  adj.  Meaning  unknown  (w.Cy.). 
HOOT,  sb.  or  adj.  (?).    Meaning  unknown 


HOPE,  sb.    A  short  street  (Dev.). 
HORNSHOTTLE,  adj.    Meaning  unknown 

HORNSTRING,    v.       Meaning    unknown 


HORRORSCUP,  sb.    A  horoscope  (Lan.). 
HORSE-CRIPPLE,  sb.     Meaning  unknown 


HORSE-HOOD,  adv.    In  kind  [sic]  (Dev.). 
HOTTENPOT    or    HOT-IN-POT,    sb.      A 

Hottentot  (w.Ir.,  I.W.). 

HOUG,  sb.    A  hold  upon,  grasp  of  (Rnf.). 

HOUNDINGS,  sb.  pi.  The  housings  of 
harness,  covering  the  collar  (e.An.). 

HOWF,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (s.Sc.). 

HOWSTER,  sb.  The  knot,  Tringa  canuhis 
(dial,  unknown). 

HOX,  int.  In  phr.  hoxan'frog,  an  exclama- 
tion (Stf.). 


HULBIRT,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

HULET,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Hmp.). 

HULL,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Sus.). 

HULLET,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (w.Yks.). 

HUMBLE,  v.  To  humble  oneself,  demean 
oneself  (dial,  unknown). 

HUMLY-BUSH,  sb.  Meaning  unknown 

HUMP,  sb.    The  thigh  (w.Yks.). 

HUNDEN,  sb.  The '  hooding'  of  a  flail  (Nhb.). 

HUNDER-STONE,  sb.  A  thunderbolt  (WiL). 

HUNKEY,  adj.    Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

HUNKIN,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Cor.). 

HURD,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

HURMS,  sb.  pi.    Meaning  unknown  (Lan.). 

HURST- RIGG, sb.  Meaningunknown  (Sc.). 

HUSSING,  prp.     Meaning  unknown  (Abd.). 

HUTS,  sb.  pi.  The  loppings  of  trees  (?) 
(dial,  unknown). 

HWOAZIN,  sb.     Rosin  (Cum.). 

HYHUMPUS,s*.  Meaningunknown  (Lan.). 

HYPLOCK,  adj.    Meaning  unknown  (Gall.). 

ICEE-WILLEE,  sb.    A  sandling  (Cor.). 

ICKET,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (w.Yks.). 

IDDLINS,     Meaning  unknown  (Der.). 

ILILUK,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Ir.). 

ILL-SANTAFIED,  ppl.  adj.  Meaning  un- 
known (Sh.I.). 

ILOAN,  sb.    An  island  (Wxf.). 

IMPISITIN,  sb.     Meaning  unknown  (Sur.). 

INAIRT,  adj.    Meaning  unknown  (Fif.). 

INCOMING  GROUND,  phr.  The  downhill 
part  of  a  journey  (Hmp.  ?). 

INDE,  (?).     Meaning  unknown  (Frf.). 

INGLE-SAVE,s6.  Meaningunknown  (Edb.). 

INGLIFIED,  ppl.  adj.    Learned  (Ant.). 

INISITIJITTY,  sb.  A  little,  ridiculous 
person  (War.). 

INNERS,  sb.  pi.  In  phr.  to  be  in  one's  inner s, 
meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

INPLAY,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Sh.I.). 

INSKIN,  adj.    Close,  intimate  (Mid.). 

INTAKE,  sb.    Meaning  unknown  (Yks.). 

INTHREATHMENT.sA.  Meaningunknown 

INVENTION ARY,  sb.  An  inventory  (Sus.). 

INYARY,  sb.    Diarrhoea  (Sh.I.). 

ITHE-SAY,  sb.    Telridge  hay  [sic]  (Der.). 


HA,  adj.  Sc.  Also  in  form  hi.  [Not  known  to  our 
correspondents.]  In  phr.  ha  year  olds,  cattle  eighteen 
months  old.  s.Sc.  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863). 

HA,  int.  Dev.  An  exclamation  of  indignation  and 
contempt.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (M.) 

HA,  HAA,  see  Hay,  sb.1,  Haw,  sb.1,  int.1,  How,  sb.1, 
adv.,  int. 

HAABER,  HAABUCK,  HAACK,  see  Habber,  Haw- 
buck, Hawk,  v.1 

HAAF,  sb.1  and  v.  Sc.  Lakel.  Also  in  forms  haave 
Sc.  QAM.)  ;  haf(f  Sh.I. ;  halve,  hauve  Sc.  (JAM.)  [haf, 
hav.]  1.  sb.  The  open  sea,  the  deep-sea  fishing-ground. 

Sh.I.  Mony  a  day  he  made  for  da  haaf  whin  aulder  men  shook 
dir  heids,  an'  widna  lave  da  beach,  CLARK  Gleams  (1898)  33  ;  They 
had  had  a  hard  week  at  the 'haf,'  BURGESS  Tang(  1898)  8;  (W.A.G.); 
(Coll.  L.L.B.);  S.  StOrk.1 

Hence  Haafing,  vbl.  sb.  deep-sea  fishing;  also  usedySg-. 

Sh.I.  Da  days  o'  haafin  i'  da  saxern  is  by,  I  faer,  Sh.  News 
(Sept.  10,  1898). 

2.  Comp.  (i)  Haaf-boat,  a  boat  suitable   for  deep-sea 
fishing ;  (2)  -eel,  the  conger-eel,  Conger  vulgaris ;  (3)  -fish, 
the    great    seal,  Phoca  barbata  ;    (4)   -fishing,  deep-sea 
fishing  ;  (5)  -lines,  the  lines  used  in  deep-sea  fishing ;  (6) 
•man,  a  fisherman  engaged  in  the  deep-sea  fishing ;  (7) 
•seat,  a  deep-sea  fishing-ground. 

(i)  Sh.I.  The  old  haf  boat  measured  from  18  to  20  feet  of  keel, 
the  stems  bending  outwards  in  a  graceful  curve,  so  as  to  give  a 
length  of  some  26  feet  over  all.  The  breadth  of  beam  was  6  to  7 
feet,  and  the  depth  of  the  hold  27  inches.  The  boat  was  divided  into 
six  compartments,  viz.  fore-head,  fore-room,  mid-room,  cost-room, 
shott,  hurrik  or  kannie,  SPENCE  Flk-Lore  (1899)  127.  S.  &  Ork.1 
(2)  Nai.  Haaf-eel,  a  name  given  to  the  common  conger  in  the 
Moray  Firth,  DAY  Brit.  Fishes  (1880-4)  II.  251.  (3)  Sh.I.  Our 
boat  was  visited  by  one  of  the  large  seals  of  the  country  (Phoca 
barbata),  named  by  the  natives  a  Haaf-fish,  because  it  usually 
appears  at  that  remote  distance  from  the  main  coast,  HIBBERT 
Desc.  Sh.  I.  (1822)  166,  ed.  1891 ;  (Coll.  L.L.B.)  ;  S.  &  Ork.1  (4) 
Sh.I.  As  good  ...  as  ever  rowed  ...  to  the  haaf-fishing,  SCOTT 
Pirate  (1821)  ii.  S.  &  Ork.1  (5)  Sh.I.  The  haf  lines  were  also  set 
during  aevaliss  [unsettled]  weather,  SPENCE  ib.  131.  (6)  Sh.I. 
Doo  canna  tak'  hit  a'  rightly  in,  no  bein'  a  haaf  man  dysel, 
Sh.  News  (July  3,  1897)  ;  The  signs  in  heaven  above  were  the 
special  study  of  the  hafman,  SPENCE  ib.  115.  (7)  Sh.I.  One  of 
these  ancient  sinker  stones  was  lifted  on  a  fish  hook  at  a  haf  seat 
off  the  north  part  of  Unst,  SPENCE  ib.  129. 

3.  Phr.  to  go  to  haaf  or  haaves,  to  go  out  to  the  deep-sea 
fishing.    S.  &  Ork.1,  Or.I.  (JAM.) 

4.  A  large  pock-net  used   in  fishing.     Also  in  comp. 

Abd.  Lady  Kigie  who  had  a  lodging  in  the  Chanonry,  and  a 
hannet  [half-net]  upon  Don,  TURREFF  Antiq.  Gleanings  (1859)  64. 
Dmf.  Agric.  Surv.  603  (JAM.) ;  A  few  nights  after  his  marriage  he 
was  standing  with  a  halve-net,  CROMEK  Remains  (1810)  305.  Gall. 
A  standing  net  placed  within  water-mark  to  prevent  the  fishes 
from  returning  with  the  tide  (JAM.).  Wgt.  These  [fish]  are  taken 
betwixt  Wigton  and  the  Ferrieton ;  some  in  the  halfe-net ;  some 
in  cups  fixt  on  the  sands,  FRASER  Wigtown  (1877)  88.  Lakel.1 
Cum.  Two  [sturgeons]  were  taken  last  week  with  the  haaf  net.  .  . 

Mr. was  lucky  enough  to  secure  another  [sturgeon]  in  his 

haaf,  Carlisle  Pat.  (June  28,  1889)  5  ;  Cum.2  It  consists  of  a 
pock-net  fixed  to  a  kind  of  frame,  which,  whenever  a  fish  strikes 
against  it,  is  hauled  out  of  the  water ;  Cum.4  A  net  used  on  the 
Solway,  which  consists  of  a  pock-net  fixed  on  a  frame  of  wood, 

being  kept  open  by  a  cross-bar  fixed  at  right  angles  to  the  pole 
held  by  the  fisherman  standing  in  the  water. 

Hence  (i)  Haaf-bawk,  sb.  the  pole  attached  to  a  '  haaf- 
net '  whereby  it  is  raised  out  of  the  water  ;  (2)  Ha'netsman, 
sb.  a  fisherman  who  shares  in  a  '  haaf-net.' 

(i)  Cum.4  (2)  Sc.  We  swam  owre  the  Dee  .  .  .  the  ha'netsman, 
Main,  Wad  charge  us  across  to  the  Brick  Kilns  again,  ANDERSON 
Rhymes  (1867)  78. 

5.  v.  To  fish  with  a  '  haaf  or  pock-net. 

s.Sc.  (JAM.)  Dmf.  A  second  mode  of  fishing,  called  '  haaving' 
or  '  hauling,'  is  standing  in  the  stream,  either  at  the  flowing  or 
ebbing  of  the  tide,  with  a  pock  net  fixed  to  a  kind  of  frame,  con- 
sisting of  a  beam,  12  or  14  feet  long,  having  three  small  sticks  or 
rungs  fixed  into  it.  Whenever  a  fish  strikes  against  the  net, 
they,  by  means  of  the  middle  rung,  instantly  haul  up  the  mouth  of 
the  net  above  water,  Statist.  Ace.  II.  16  (ib.\  Lakel.1  So  used  by 
fishermen  of  the  Solway,  both  on  Scottishand  Cumbrian  side.  Cum.4 

[Sw.  haf,  the  sea  ;  Dan.  and  Norw.  dial,  hav  (AASEN)  ; 
ON.  haf.} 

HAAF,  sb.2    n.Yks.2    A  haven,  port. 

HAAF,  HAAFURE,  see  Heaf,  sb.\  Haugh,  Haaver. 

HAAG,s&.  and  v.    Sh.I.   [hag.]      1.  sb.  Thrift,  economy. 

Du's  nae  hag  i'  dy  haand  JAKOBSEN  Norsk  in  Sh.  (1897)  36; 
S.  &  Ork.1 
2.  v.  To  use  sparingly. 

Skeek  signifies  to  use  sparingly,  and  is  similar  in  meaning  to 
the  words  hain  and  haag,  SPENCE  Flk-Lore  ',1899)  207. 

[Norw.  dial,  hag,  order,  management  (AASEN)  ;  ON. 
hagr,  state,  condition.] 

HAAG,  see  Hag,  sb.2 

HAAGLESS,  adj.  Sh.I.  Limitless,  boundless.  See 

What's  twenty  year  ta  dee  or  me  ?  Hit's  no  a  knuckle  o  wir 
towes  Set  oot  upon  a  haagless  sea  Ta  fiot,  or  sink  for  want  o  bowes, 
JUNDA  Klingrahool  (1898)  51. 

HAAGLET,  sb.  Sh.I.  In  phr.  it's  come  back  to  its  auld 
haaglet,  said  of  an  animal  that  has  strayed,  and  returned 
to  its  old  pasture.  S.  &  Ork.1 

[Cp.  ON.  hagi,  a  pasture,  hag-lendi,  pasture  land  (Vio- 

HAAK,  see  Hake,  v.,  Hawk,  sb.2,  v.1 

HAAL,  sb.  Cai.1  [hal.]  A  hold,  support,  used  esp. 
in  connexion  with  children  learning  to  walk. 

'  To  stan'  at  'e  haal.'  To  stand  at  a  chair  or  such  like.  '  To  gang 
at  'e  haal,  or  by  the  haal.'  To  move  from  chair  to  chair,  or  from 
one  support  to  another,  but  not  to  venture  to  cross  an  open  space. 

[Cp.  Norw.  dial,  and  ON.  halla,  to  lean  with  the  body, 
to  swerve  (AASEN).] 

HAALLIGET,  adj.  Cai.1  Disreputable,  violent,  light- 

[Cp.  Norw.  dial,  haalig,  bad,  also  haadleg,  shameful, 
disgraceful  (AASEN)  ;  ON.  haduligr,  disgraceful,  contemp- 
tible (VlGFUSSON).] 

HAALYAN,  HAAM,  see  Hallion,  Haulm. 

HAANYAL,  HAAP(E,  see  Hanniel,  Hap,  v.8 

HAAP,  v.  Nhp.1  Of  cattle  :  to  eat,  to  bite  close  to 
the  ground. 

HAAR,  sb?  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Yks.  Lan.  Lin.  Also  in 
forms  aar  n.Lin. ;  bar  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  Dur.  e.Yks.  n.Lin.1; 
harr  Frf.  Fif.  N.Cy.1  Dur.  n.Yks.124  m.Yks.1  Lin. ;  haur 
Ayr.  Lth. ;  hear,  here  Lan.  [h)ar,  h)ar.]  1.  A  cold  sea- 
fog  or  mist ;  a  drizzling  rain  or  fog.  Cf.  harl(e,  sb.2 





Sc.  On  the  face  of  the  water,  where  the  haar  lay,  STEVENSON 
Catriona  (1893)  xxi.  Cai.1  Abd.  A  frosty  haar  filled  Noran  valley, 
M'KENZIE  Sketches  (1894)  iii;  Not  common  (G.W.).  Frf.  Nor 
harr  nor  cluds  Forebodit  rain,  SANDS  Poems  (1833)  70.  Per.  The 
morn  brings  sleet  And  haar  and  hail  together,  S PENCE  Poems  (1898) 
18.  Fif.  That's  a  nasty  haar  come  on,  ROBERTSON  Provost  (1894) 
67.  Ayr.  When  the  haur  hings  on  the  hill,  AINSLIE  Land  of  Burns 
(ed.  1892)  13.  Lth.  A  strange — a  new  hian — Strode  beside  them 
in  the  haur,  LUMSDEN  Sheep-head  (1892)  316.  Gall.  It  came  upon 
the  land  suddenly  as  the  '  haar  '  that  in  the  autumn  drives  up  the 
eastern  valleys  from  the  sea,  CROCKETT  Moss-Hags  (1895)  xxii. 
N.Cy.1  A  Northern  har  Brings  drought  from  far,  Prov.  Nhb.1, 
Dur.  (K.)  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  Mist  with  small  rain.  So  good  in 
a  morning  for  vegetation.  '  A  northern  harr  Brings  fine  weather 
from  far ' ;  n.Yks.4  e.Yks.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788).  m.Yks.1 
Lan.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.)  Lin.  SKINNER  (1671)  ;  RAY 
(1691);  MILLER  &  SKERTCHLY  Fenland  (1878)  iv.  n.Lin.  SUTTON 
Wds.  (1881);  Still  current,  but  rare.  It  seems  always  to  include 
the  idea  of  cold  (E.P.N, ;  n.Lin.>  se.Lin.  The  harr  was  very  heavy 
in  the  marshes  this  mornin'  (T.H.R.). 

2.  A  cold  easterly  wind  ;  also  in  comb.  Easterly  haar. 
Slg.  In  the  months  of  April  and  May,  easterly  winds,  commonly 

called  Haars,  usually  blow  with  great  violence,  NIMMO  Stirlingshire 
(1777)  438  (JAM.).  Cld.  The  cold  damp  called  Easterly-hars,  so 
prevalent  on  the  east  coast,  seldom  arrive  here,  Agric.  Sum.  4  (ib. ). 
Fif.  Their  topsails  strutting  with  the  vernal  harr,  TENNANT  Anster 
(1812)  23,  ed.  1871  ;  This  parish  [St.  Andrews]  is  well  acquainted 
with  the  cold,  damp  easterly  winds,  or  haar  of  April  and  May, 
Statist.  Ace.  XIII.  197. 

Hence  Haary  or  Haury,  adj.  of  wind  :  cold,  keen,  biting. 

Sc.  Tho'  Envy's  haury  blastin'  breath,  WILSON  Poems  (1822)  56. 
Sh.1.  A  haary  wind  blaws  keen  an  cauld  Across  da  voc,  JUNDA 
Klingrahool  (1898)  22. 

3.  Hoar-frost,  rime. 

Per.,  Cld.  (JAM.)  Lan.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.)  ;  TIM  BOBBIN 
View  Dial.  (ed.  1806)  Gl. 

[1.  Cp.  Du.  dial.  (Zaansche)  hang,  '  dampig,  mistig,  met 
scherpen  damp  of  nevel  vervuld '  (BOEKENOOGEN).  2. 
MDu.  hare,  a  keen  cold  wind  (VERDAM)  ;  Du.  haere,  a 
keen  wind  (KILIAN)  ;  WFlem.  liarie,  a  cold  wind  which 
frequently  blows  in  March  and  April  (DE  Bo)  ;  cp.  Fr. 
un  temps  haireux,  cold  and  damp  weather.  3.  Du.  haere, 
night  frost  ( KILIAN).] 

HAAR,  sb?  and  v.  Sc.  Lin.  Also  in  forms  har  n.Lin.1 ; 
haur  Sc.  (JAM.)  1.  sb.  A  cough.  n.Lin.1 

2.  An  impediment  in  speech ;  a  huskiness  in  the  throat. 
Lnk.  (JAM.)     e.Lth.,  Rxb.  This  is  gen.  applied  to  some  impedi- 
ment in  the  throat,  which  makes  [it]  necessary  for  a  person  as  it 
were  to  cough  up  his  words,  before  he  can  get  them  rightly 
articulated  (ib.}. 

3.  v.  To  speak  thickly  and  hoarsely.     Lnk.  GAM.) 
HAAS,  see  Halse,  sb.1 

HAAVE,  adj.     Obs.     Sc.    Pale,  wan. 

Abd.The  third  was  an  auld,  wizen'd,  haave  coloured  carlen ,  FORBES 
y»7».(i742)i4;  The  titherwasahaavecolour'dsmeerlesstapie,«'6. 17. 

[OFr.  have,  'pale'  (HATZFELD).] 

HAAVE,  see  Haaf,  sb.1,  Hauve,  v.1,  Haw,  sb.1 

HAAVER,  sb.  n.Cy.  Yks.  Written  haafure  n.Cy. 
(HALL.)  ;  haavre  n.Yks.2  A  fisherman's  line,  used  in  the 
deep-sea  fishing,  to  which  the  '  snoods,'  each  terminating 
in  a  hook,  are  appended.  Cf.  haaf,  sb.1  4. 

n.Cy.  (HALL.)  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  The  fisherman's  lines  stretched 
horizontally,  and  furnished  with  suspended  rows  of  baited  hooks, 
for  catching  the  larger  sea-fish  in  deep  water. 

HAAVER,  HAAZE,  see  Halver,  Haw,  sb.1 

HAB,  sb.1    Obs.     Nhb.    A  halbert. 

The  Scottish  habs  were  stout  and  true,  Bishoprick  Garl.  (1834)34. 

HAB,  sb.'  Glo.1  [aeb.]  The  woof,  yarn  woven  across 
the  warp.  See  Abb. 

When  the  weavers  in  their  glory  stood,  The  chain  and  hab  was 
very  good  ;  But  when  the  chain  was  very  bad,  They  cursed  the 
chain,  and  damned  the  hab. 

HAB,  adv.  and  sb*  Nhb.  Yks.  Lin.  Also  Som.  Dev. 
Also  written  ab  n.Yks.  sw.Lin.1  [h)ab,  aeb.]  1.  adv. 
In  comb.  Hab-nab,  anyhow,  in  random  fashion. 

Nhb.  His  wardrobe,  got  up  quite  habnab,  Was  second-hand, 
WILSON  Tippling  Dominit;  Nhb.1 
2.  sb.   Phr.  (i)  hab  or  nab,  (a)  get  or  lose,  hit  or  miss ; 

(b)  by  hook  or  by  crook  ;  (a)  habs  and  nabs,  little  by  little, 
piecemeal  ;  in  one  way  and  another. 

(i,  a)  w.Som.1  In  a  market,  a  buyer  pretending  to  walk  off, 
says :  '  Then  you  'ont  take  no  less?'  (Seller)  '  No,  I  'ont,  not  one 
varden.'  (Buyer)  '  Then  I'll  ab-m — hab  or  nab  !'  nw.Dev.1  (b) 
w.Yks.  He'll  hev  it  awther  bihab  or  nab.  Prov.  in  Brighotise  News 
(Sept.  14,  1889).  (2)  n.Yks.  He  did  by  abs  an'  nabs  (I.W.). 
e.Yks.1  Anything  done  in  odd  moments  or  at  intervals  of  leisure, 
not  continuously,  is  said  to  be  done  by  habs-an  nabs.  n.Lin.1  'I've 
scratted  it  together  by  habs  an'  nabs.'  Said  of  rent.  sw.Lin.1 
We've  gotten  our  hay  by  abs  and  nabs — a  load  nows  and  thens. 
They  had  to  finish  the  church  by  abs  and  nabs. 

[1.  Cyphers,  astral  characters  ...  set  down  hab-nab.  at 
random,  BUTLER  Hud.  (1664)  n.  iii.  990.] 

HAB-,  see  Hob,  sb.2 

HA-BA,  sb.  Yks.  Also  written  aah-ba,  a-ba,  a-bay. 
[e'-be,  ea'-bea.]  A  roar  of  laughter ;  a  shout,  blatant  cry  ; 
a  hullabaloo. 

w.Yks.  But  if  ide  a  been  thear,  ah  sud  set  up  a  a-ba,  TOM 
TREDDLEHOYLE  Bairnsla  Ann.  (Mar.  1854) ;  Tha's  making  a  girt 
a-bay  about  nowt  (F.K.) ;  What  ar  ta  makkin  that  gert  aah-ba 
for  ?  BANKS  Wkfld.  Wds.  (1865) ;  w.Yks.5  Sehr  up  a  gurt  haa-baa. 

HABAKER,  HABBAD,  see  Half,  Aye  but. 

HABBER,  sb.  and  v.  Sc.  Irel.  Also  in  form  haaber 
Ant.  [ha'bar.]  1.  sb.  A  person  who  stammers  in 
speaking  or  speaks  thickly  ;  a  clumsy  clown. 

Bnff.1  Commonly  used  with  the  notion  of  stupidity.  Ant.  GROSE 
(1790)  MS.  add.  (C.) 

Hence  (i)  Habbergaw,  sb.  (a)  hesitation,  suspense  ;  (b) 
an  objection  ;  (2)  Habberjock,  sb.  (a]  a  turkey-cock  ;  (b) 
a  big,  stupid  person  who  speaks  thickly. 

(i)  n.Sc.  (JAM.)  (2,  a  Bnff.1  (6)  ib.  He's  a  stoopid  habber-jock 
o"  a  cheel. 

2.  The  act  of  snarling  or  growling  like  a  dog. 

n.Sc.  (JAM.)  Abd.  Fell  death  had  came  to  see  them  An'  gi'en 
a  habber,  Wi'  solemn  air,  TARRAS  Poems  (1804)  12  (ib.). 

3.  v.  To  stutter,  stammer.      Sc.  (JAM.)        4.  To  snarl, 
growl.    n.Sc.  (ib.) 

HABBERDYN-FISH,  sb.  Obs.  Sc.  n.Cy.  That  kind 
of  cod  which  is  usually  salted  ;  barrelled  cod. 

Sc.  Dried  cod  fish,  at  that  period  known  by  the  nameofHabberdyn 
fish,  PENNANT  Tour  Sc.  (ed.  1790)  138.  n.Cy.  GROSE  ^1790)  MS. 
add.  (M.) 

[Habberdine  fish,  Asellus  salitus,  BARET  (1580)  s.v.  Fish. 
M  E.  haburdenne,  Accts.  (1370),  see  ROGERS  Agric.  and  Prices 
1. 616.  Fr.  habordean  and  labordean,  an  haberdine  (CorcR.). 
MDu.  habourdaen,  also  laberdaen  (VERDAM).  Prob.  fr.  the 
Basque  district  le  Labourd,  Lapurdum  (the  old  name  for 
Bayonne),  see  FRANCK  (s.v.  Labberdaan).] 

HABBERNAB,  see  Hobnob. 

HABBIE,  adj.  Lth.  (JAM.)  [Not  known  to  our  corre- 
spondents.] Stiff  in  motion. 

HABBIE-GABBIE,  v.  Sh.I.  To  throw  money,  &c., 
among  a  crowd  to  be  scrambled  for.  S.  &  Ork.1 

HABBLE,  sb.  and  v.  Sc.  [ha'bl.]  1.  sb.  A  difficulty, 
perplexity,  quandary,  '  fix.'  See  Hobble,  sb.1  Q. 

Sc.  An'  syne  got  into  a  fair  babble,  HUNTER  J.  Armiger's 
Revenge  (1897)  xi.  Slg.  You've  put  [him]  in  a  babble,  TAYLOR 
Poems  (1862)  17.  Ayr.  When  whiles  in  a  habble  Be  manly  and 
clean,  WHITE  Jottings  (1879)  290.  Lnk.  I  hae  gotten  mysel'  into 
a  bonny  habble  !  GORDON  Pyotshaw  (1885)  74.  e.Lth.  Man,  yon 
was  an  awfu'  habble  to  be  in,  HUNTER  J.  Inwick  (1895;  28. 

2.  Confusion,  tumult,  hubbub  ;  a  squabble,  quarrel. 
Abd.  Cripples  ne'er  were  made  for  babbles,  SmRRtrsSale  Caial. 

(1795)  21.  Cld.  (JAM.)  Rnf.  We'll  aft  be  plung  d  into  a  habble, 
TANNAHILL  Poems  ^1807)  44,  ed.  1817.  Ayr.  J.M.),  Ayr.,  Lth. 
(JAM.)  Lth.  Morosely  by  a  glowing  fire,  1  retrospect  the  habble, 
LUMSDEN  Sheep-head  (1892;  50.  Feb.  He  has  got  into  a  habble 
with  a  neighbour  (A.C.).  Rxb.  (JAM.) 

Hence  Habblesheuf,  sb.  an  uproar,  tumult,  confusion. 
Ayr.  (J.M.) 

3.  v.  To  confuse,  reduce  to  a  state  of  perplexity ;  to 
stammer,  speak  or  act  confusedly  ;  to  gabble,  talk  fast ;  to 
wrangle,  quarrel. 

Sc.  To  habble  a  lesson,  to  say  it  confusedly  GAM.%  Slk.  Are 
we  to  be  habbled  out  o'  house  and  hadding?  HOGG  Tales  (1838) 
323,  ed.  1866.  Rxb.  Some  trump  the  fauts  o'  ither  fouk,  Some 
habblin  on  religion,  A.  SCOTT  Poems  (ed.  1808)  145. 




Hence  (i)  Habbler,  sb.  one  who  causes  or  delights  in  a 
squabble  :  (2)  Babbling,  (a)  sb.  confusion,  hubbub ;  wrang- 
ling, confused  speaking;  (b)  ppl.  adj.  given  to  petty 

(r)  Cld.  (JAM.)     (2,  a)  Fif.  Sic  habblin'  an'  gabblin,  Ye  never 

heard  nor  saw,  DOUGLAS  Poems  (1806)  121.     Edb.  They're  here 

Wi'  habblin,  a'  wi'  ane  anither,  An'   a'  asteer,  LIDDLE  Poems 

(1821)  43.     (A)  Bnff.i 

4.  To  snap  at  anything  as  a  dog  does. 

Sc.  Also  used  to  denote  the  growling  noise  made  by  a  dog  when 
eating  voraciously  (JAM.). 

Hence  Habble,  sb.  the  act  of  snapping.    Sc.  (ib.) 

HABBLE,  see  Hobble,  v.1 

HABBLIE,  adj.  Sc.  (JAM.)  Of  cattle :  having  big 
bones,  ill-set. 

HABBOCRAWS,  int.  Sc.  A  shout  used  to  frighten 
the  crows  from  the  corn-fields. 

s.Sc.  HISLOP  Anecdote  (1874)  343.  Gall.  He  believed  himself 
among  the  rooks,  and  started  up,  roaring,  with  outspread  arms, 
habbocraws,  to  the  astonishment  of  the  holy  congregation,  MAC- 
TAGGART  Encyd.  (1824)  249,  ed.  1876. 

HABEEK-A-HA,  int.  Sc.  A  cry  given  as  a  signal 
that  a  marble,  bool,  &c.,  is  to  be  scrambled  for. 

Per.  When  a  bool  dried  oot  o'  oor  pooch  to  the  flure,  It  was  put 
in  a  roond  penny  spunk-box  secure,  Till  it  got  rovin'  fu,  then — I 
min'  o't  sae  weel — 'Twas  '  habeek-a-ha  '  at  auld  Jenny's  Schule, 
EDWARDS  Strathearn  Lyrics  (1889)  35.  [In  Abd.  this  used  to  be 
called  a  'logan.'  The  master  pitched  in  succession  each  forfeited 
'  bool '  among  the  scholars  out  of  doors  (A.W.).l 

HABER-,  see  Haver,  sb.2 

HABERDASH,  sb.  Sc.  Small  wares,  miscellaneous 

Abd.  There  will  be  sold  ...  a  quantity  of  haberdash.  an'  gin 
ony  body  wants  to  ken  what  that  is,  its  piggery,  PAUL  Aberdeen- 
shire  (1881)  46. 

[Ther  haberdashe,  Ther  pylde  pedlarye,  Papist.  Exhort. 
(c.  1550)  (NARES).] 

HABERDASHER,  sb.  Obs.  n.Cy.  Yks.  Fig.  A 

n.Cy.  (HALL.)      w.Yks.1  A  haberdasher  of  nouns  and  pronouns. 

HABERSCHON,  sb.  Obs.  Sc.  A  jacket  of  mail  or 
scale  armour,  an  habergeon. 

Ayr.  All  armed  for  battle,  full  of  zeal,  In  haberschons  and  caps 
of  steel,  BOSWELL  Poet.  Wks.  (1811)  82,  ed.  1871. 

[Helmys  and  hawbyrschownys,  BARBOUR  Bruce  (1375) 
xi.  130.] 

HABILIMENTS,  sb.  pi.    Sc.     Outfit. 

n.Sc.  The  form  'bulyments'  is  still  used  in  parts  of  the  north  to 
meananykind  of  ragged  unshapely  clothing,  particularly  a  beggar's; 
and  'habiliments,'  outfit.  Both  words, however, are  employed  with 
a  somewhat  ludicrous  meaning,  FRANCISQUE-MICHEL  Sc.  Lang. 
(1882)  70. 

HABIT,  v.     Yks.  Lin.     [a'bit.]    To  accustom. 

n.Yks.2,  w.Yks.  (C.C.R.)  Lin.  He's  habited  his  sen  to  tekkin' 
doctor's  stuff  while  he's  clean  wore  oot  his  i'side.  Lin.  N.&Q.  (Oct 
1891)  251. 

[O  y'are  a  shrewd  one  ;  and  so  habited  In  taking  heed, 

CHAPMAN  Odysseys  (1615)  v.] 
HABIT,/*?/.   Stf.1  fNotk 
In  the  place  of. 

HABIT, prep.   Stf.1  [Not  known  to  our  correspondents.] 

HABIT  AND  REPUTE,  phr.  Sc.  Held  and  reputed 
to  be  so  and  so,  repr.  legal  Lat.  habitus  et  reputatus. 

Bnff.  Most  of  them  depone  that  the  pannels  [prisoners]  were 
habit  and  repute  Egyptians,  GORDON  Chron.  Keith  (1880)  39.  Per. 
A  general  allegation  of  her  being  habite  and  repute  a  witch,  SPOT- 
TISWOODE  Miscell.  (1844)  H-  61.  [If  the  person  ...  be  habit  and 
repute  a  thief — i.e.  one  who  notoriously  makes  or  helps  his  liveli- 
hood by  thieving,  BELL  Diet.  Law  Scot!.  (1861).] 

HABIT-SARK,  sb.     Sc.    A  woman's  riding-shirt. 

Per.  A  habit-sark  .  .  .  O'erspread  a  breast,  perhaps  o'  virtue 
proof,  DUFF  Poems,  81  (JAM.). 

HABLIMENTS,  sb.  pi.  Yks.  [a'bliments.]  Habili- 
ments, vestments. 

n.Yks.1  '  Noo  ye've  getten  yer  habliments  on,  Ah'll  awa'  an' 
knoll  t'bell;'  the  clerk  to  the  clergyman  about  to  officiate  at  a 
funeral,  of  the  surplice,  scarf,  &c. 

HACKEE,  adj.     Obs.     Irel.    Cross,  ill-tempered. 

Wxf.1  Fartoo  zo  hachee?  [Why  so  ill-tempered?],  84. 

HACHEL,  sb.    Sc.    [ha'XL]    A  sloven,  slut. 

Ayr.  A  gipsy's  character,  a  hachel's  slovenliness,  and  a  waster's 
want  are  three  things  [&c.],  GALT  S<>  A.  Wylie  (1822)  xlix. 

HACK,  56.'  and  v.1  Van  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng. 
Also  in  forms  ack  Stf.2  se.Wor.1 ;  haike  Cum.  ;  hake 
Fif. ;  hauk  Lth.  (JAM.)  n.Cy.  (K.) ;  hawk  Sc.  QAM.)  Nhb.1 ; 
heck  w.Yks.5;  hick  Nhb.1  Cor.1;  hjuk  Sh.I. ;  hock  Nrf. 
Hmp.1  [h)ak,  aek.]  1.  sb.  A  kind  of  pickaxe  or  mattock 
used  in  agricultural  employments  ;  see  below. 

n.Cy.  BAILEY  (1721) ;  GROSE  (1790) ;  (K.)  ;  N.Cy.1 ;  N.Cy.zAmat- 
tock  made  only  with  one  and  that  a  broad  end.  Nhb.  Shovels,  hacks, 
spades,  &c.,  RICHARDSON  Borderer's  Table-bk.  (1846)  V.  277  ;  Nhb.1 
Dur.1  An  implement  of  two  kinds  :  one  is  called  a  pick,  having  one 
end  pointed,  and  the  other  rather  broader.  The  other  kind  is 
called  a  mattock,  one  end  of  which  is  axe-shaped,  and  the  other 
end  like  the  broad  end  of  the  pick.  Lakel.1  Cum.1  A  pickaxe 
having  points  about  an  inch  in  width  ;  Cum.4  s.Wm.  (J.A.B.) 
n.Yks.  They  [turnips]  are  pulled  up  by  a  peculiar  drag,  or  '  hack ' 
as  it  is  provincially  called,  Jm.  R.  Agric.  Soc.  (1848)  IX.  ii ; 
n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  Half  a  mattock ;  a  pickaxe  with  one  arm ; 
n.Yks.3*  e.Yks.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788).  m.Yks.1  A  kind 
of  pickaxe,  or  mattock,  without  the  blade  end.  w.Yks.  WILLAN 
List  Wds.  (1811)  ;  (J.T.)  ;  w.Yks.^,  Lan.1  n.Lan.  (W.S.) ;  n.Lan.1 
April  wi'  his  hack  an'  bill,  Sets  a  flow'r  on  iv'ry  hill,  Local  Rhyme. 
e.Lan.1  Chs.1 ;  Chs.3  A  gorse  hack.  s.Chs.1  A  kind  of  mattock 
used  to  stock  or  pull  up  gorse.  nw.Der.1  s. Not.  The  turnip  hack 
is  a  kind  of  mattock  with  either  one  or  two  blades  (J.P.K.).  w.Dev. 
A  one  ended  mattock,  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1796).  Cor.  A 
digging  instrument,  the  same  as  the  biddix  or  beat-axe  (q.v.),  and 
used  in  Zennor  for  cutting  turves  (J.W.). 

2.  A  heavy  tool  or  pickaxe  used  by  miners  ;  see  below. 
Nhb.,  Dur.  GREENWELL  Coal  Tr.  Gl.  (1849).     e.Dur.1  A  heavy 

pick,  weighing  about  7  Ibs.,  with  head  about  18  in.  in  length. 
There  are  var.  kinds,  e.  g.  Tommy  hack  (round  head  and  chisel 
point),  Jack  hack  (round  head  and  sharp  point),  Pick  hack  (sharp 
head  and  chisel  point).  Der.  MANLOVE  Lead  Mines  (1653)  Gl. 
Shr.1  A  small  pick  used  in  getting  coal. 

Hence  Hack-ave,  sb.  the  handle  of  a  '  hack.'    Shr.1 

3.  A  large  hoe. 

vr.Yks.Hlfx.  Courier  (May  8,  1897);  (J.T.)  ;  w.Yks.2;  w.Yks.3 
A  kind  of  hoe  with  a  long  blade. 

4.  A  pronged  instrument  or  mattock  used  for  dragging 
dung  from  a  cart ;  see  below.     Gen.  in  comb.  Muck-hack. 

Cai.1  Ags.,  Rnf.  They  loosen  all  the  ground  completely  with  a 
hack,  an  instrument  with  a  handle  of  about  4  or  5  feet  long,  and 
two  iron  prongs  like  a  fork  but  turned  inwards,  Statist.  Ace.  XIX. 
534  (JAM.).  Lth.  (JAM.)  Nhb.1  A  muck  fork,  having  3  or  4  tines 
or  teeth,  which  are  bent  at  a  right  angle  to  the  handle.  It  is  used 
for  drawing  litter  out  of  cattle  lairs  and  similar  places,  and  is  some- 
times called  a  drag.  The  above  is  called  a  'teeming  hack, 'as  it  is 
used  in  emptying  [teeming].  There  is  also  a  '  filling  hack,'  which 
is  like  a  four  or  five  pronged  fork  bent  at  the  neck  to  an  angle  of 
45  degrees  with  the  shank.  Both  teeming  and  filling  hacks  are 
used  when  working  among  manure. 

5.  An  axe  for  dressing  stone. 

Lin.  STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes  (1884)  334.     n.Lin.1 

6.  A  mark,  notch  ;  a  deep  cut,  a  fissure.    Also  used  fig. 
Sc.  Yc  may  pit  a  hack  i'  the  post  the  day  [To-day  has  been  a 

red-letter  day  with  you],  Prov.  (G.W.)  Elg.  Ca'  in  the  crook  a 
hack  again,  TESTER  Poems  (1865)  160.  Abd.  I  sud  set  up  my 
bonnet  a  hack  fan  I  gaed  owre  to  Clinkstyle  this  time,  ALEXANDER 
Johnny  Gibb  (1871)  xliii.  Lnk.  Stamp'd  in  fire  upon  the  broo, 
Were  figures  three,  in  unco  hacks,  DeiCs  Hallowe'en  (1856)  42. 

7.  A  cut,  wound,  gash.    Also  used  fig. 

Edb.  Aft  the  hack  o'  honour  shines  In  bruiser's  face  wi'  broken 
lines,  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  206,  ed.  1785;  Geordy's  men 
cou'd  not  withstand  The  hacks  o'  their  claymores,  LIDDLE  Poems 
(1821)  238.  n.Cy.  (K.)  Cum.  Wi'  nowther  haike  nor  quarrel, 
GILPIN  Sngs.  (1866)  282. 

8.  A  chap  or  crack  in  the  skin  of  the  hands  or  feet  caused 
by  exposure  to  cold  and  wet. 

Sc.  (JAM.),  Cai.1  Fif.  Skelbs  and  hacks  needed  tender  handling, 
COLVILLE  Vernacular  (1899)  18.  Ayr.  Mittens  on  her  hands  after 
she  has  creeshed  them  weel  with  saim  for  the  hacks,  SERVICE  Dr. 
Duguid  (ed.  1887)  161.  Nhb.1  A  surface  fissure  or  chap  in  the 
skin  produced  by  cold  or  work.  A  deeper  fissure  than  a  hack  is 
called  a  '  keen." 

9.  An  indentation  or  hollow  made  in  ice  to  keep  the  feet 
steady  in  '  curling.' 

B  2 




Sc.  A  longitudinal  hollow  is  made  to  support  the  foot,  close  by 
the  tee,  and  at  right  angles  with  a  line  drawn  from  one  end  of  the 
rink  to  the  other.  This  is  called  a  hack  or  hatch,  Acct.  of  Curling, 
6  (JAM.).  Ayr.  Tees,  hogscores,  and  hacks,  or  triggers  [were] 
made,  while  busy  sweepers  cleared  the  rinks  of  anything  that 
might  impede  the  progress  of  the  stones,  JOHNSTON  Kilmallie 
(1891)  II.  109.  Feb.  He  strains  its  wished-for  road  to  trace  The 
hack  and  tee  between,  Linloun  Green  (1685)  38,  ed.  1817. 

10.  A  ridge  of  earth  thrown  up  by  ploughing  or  hoeing. 
Hrt.  The  ground  which  was  fallowed  in  April  is  stirred  (in  May) 

into  hacks,  ELLIS  Mod.  Hush.  (1750)  III.  i. 

11.  A  row  of  half-made  hay. 

Bdf.  When  the  grass  was  hagled  it  is  disposed  in  hacks  (J.W.B.)  ; 
Both  clover  and  grass  is  powerfully  acted  upon  by  the  sun  and 
wind  when  in  the  state  of  hacks,  BATCHELOR  Agric.  (1813)  443. 
Sur.1  A  thin  row  in  which  hay  is  laid  to  dry  after  being  shaken  out, 
and  before  it  is  got  into  wider  rows,  which  are  called  '  windrows.' 

12.  The  heart,  liver,  and  lights  of  a  pig.  Cf.  hackamuggie. 
Chs.13     s.Chs.1  Goa-  tu  Longg-liz  fin  aas'k  am  fur  u  pig'z  aak 

[Go  to  Longley's  an'  ask  'em  for  a  pig's  hack].     Shr.1  Obsol. 

Hence  (i)  Hacelet-pie,  sb.  a  dish  composed  of  the  heart, 
liver,  and  lights  of  a  pig  baked  in  a  pie.  War.3 ;  (2)  Hack- 
fat,  sb.  the  fat  obtained  from  cleaning  the  intestines  of  a 
pig.  nw.Der.1  13.  A  hard,  dry  cough.  Cum.4,  Stf.2 

14.  Fig.  Phr.  hack  and  sweep,  a  complete  upturn ;  a  scene, 

Abd.  Gin  the  French  officers  begin  to  blab  on  ane  anither,  then 
we'll  get  hack  an'  sweep  (G.W.). 

15.  v.  To  chop,  cut  up  ;  to  cut  roughly  or  unevenly. 

Sc.  If  I  was  gaen  to  be  an  elder,  we  couldna  get  a  bit  stick 
hackit  on  Sabbath,  Jokes,  ist  S.  (1889)  38.  Sh.I.  Shu  hjukid  a  sleesh 
or  twa  aff  a  roond  lof,  Sh.  News  (Oct.  29,  1898).  Abd.  Maidens 
and  widows  .  .  .  Made  mony  an  errand  wi'  bog  fir  to  hack,  ANDER- 
SON Rhymes  (1867)  20.  Frf.  Instead  of . . .  hacking  his  face,  for  he 
was  shaving  at  the  time,  BARRIE  Thrums  (1889)  xvi.  Cld.  UAM.), 
n.Cy.  (J.  W.)  Shr.1  Now,  "ack  them  garrits,  an'  get  the  bif  an'  bacon 
up  fur  the  men's  dinner  ;  Shr.2  Of.!.1  MS.  add.  Hmp.1  w.Som.1 
To  hack  a  joint.  A  good  gate  hacked  all  abroad. 

Hence  (i)  Hack-clog,  sb.  a  chopping-block  ;  (2)  Hacket, 
ppl.  adj.,  fig.  cutting,  biting,  severe,  caustic  ;  (3)  Hacket 
kail,  phr.  chopped  kail  orcabbage;  (4) — flesh,  phr.  a  carrion 
charm  for  doing  injury  to  a  neighbour's  beasts  ;  see  below; 
(5)  Hacking,  sb.  a  pudding  or  sausage  made  of  the  chopped 
interiors  of  sheep  or  pigs  ;  (6)  Hacking-block,  sb.  a  block 
of  wood  used  for  cutting  meat  upon;  (7)  -iron,  sb.  an  inverted 
chisel  put  into  an  anvil  when  the  blacksmith  wishes  to 
cut  anything  off;  (8)  -knife,  sb.  a  chopper,  cleaver;  (9) 
•stock,  (10)  -trough,  see  (6)  ;  (n)  Hack-meat,  sb.  mince- 
meat;  (12)  -pudding,  sb.,  see  (5);  (13)  -saw,  sb.  a  saw 
used  by  smiths  and  others  for  cutting  iron ;  (14)  -spyel, 
sb.  a  useless  joiner  or  cartwright ;  (15)  Hackster,  sb.,  fig. 
a  butcher,  cut-throat ;  (16)  Hack-stock,  see  (6) ;  (17) 
Hackum  kail,  phr.,  see  (3). 

(i)  n.Yks.2  (a)  Dmb.  Out  on  you,  bawdron  !  wi'  your  hacket 
tongue,  SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  71.  (3)  Sc.  To  feast  me  wi' 
caddels  And  guid  hackit  kail,  CHAMBERS  Sags.  (1829)  I.  a  ; 
Noganes  full  of  hacket  kaile,  MAIDMENT  Ballads  (1844)  13,  ed.  1868. 
(4)  ne.Sc.  One  mode  of  an  enemy's  working  evil  among  a  neigh- 
bour's cattle  was  to  take  a  piece  of  carrion,  cut  the  surface  of  it 
into  small  pieces,  and  bury  it  in  the  dunghill,  or  put  it  over  the 
lintel  of  the  door.  Such  carrion  was  called  '  hackit-flesh,'  GREGOR 
Flk-Lore  (1881)  184.  (s)N.Cy.1  Nhb.  A  pudding  made  in  the  maw 
of  a  sheep  or  hog  (K.).  Com.1  A  mincemeat  and  fruit  pudding, 
used  till  lately  for  the  family  breakfast  on  Christmas  day.  Wm. 
&  Cum.1  Wi'  sweet  minch'd-pyes  and  hackins  feyne,  171.  Lan. 
HARLAND  &  WILKINSON  Flk-Lore  (1867)  216.  (6)  e.Yks.  NICHOL- 
SON Flk-Sp.  (1889)  65  ;  e.Yks.1  (7)  w.Yks.2  (8)  e.Yks.  NICHOL- 
SON Flk-Sp.  (1889)  65.  Chs.i  (9)  Cat1  (10)  e.Yks.  The  trough 
or  block  on  which  the  work  is  performed  is  a  hacking-trough,  or 
hacking-block,  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  (1889)  65.  (n)  e.Yks.  ib.\ 
e.Yks.1  (12)  Cum.  On  the  morn  of  Christmas-day  the  people 
breakfast  early  on  hack-pudding,  a  mess  made  of  sheep's  heart, 
chopped  with  suet  and  sweet  fruits,  HUTCHINSON  Hist.  Cum. 
(1794)  I.  555.  (13)  n.Wil.  An  old  scythe-blade,  or  a  piece  of  one, 
with  the  edge  jagged  into  teeth,  set  in  a  handle,  and  used  for  sawing 
through  iron  bars  or  rods,  &c.  (G.E.D.)  w.Som.1  There  idn  nort 
better  vor  a  hack-zaw-n  a  old  zive  [scythe].  (14)  Nhb.1  (15)80. 
A  crew  of  bloody  Irish  rebels,  anddesperat  [sic]  hacksters,  CRAU- 

TVRD  Hist.  Edb.  (1808)  155  (JAM.).  n.Yks.2  (16)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (17) 
Dmb.  Good  hackum  kail  twice  laid,  SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  108. 

16.  Of  the  skin  :  to  chap,  become  cracked  through  cold. 
Sc.  To  plout  her  hands  through  Hawkey's  caff-cog,  is  a  hateful 

hardship  for  Mammy's  Pet,  and  will  hack  a'  her  hands,  GRAHAM 
Coll.  Writings  (1883)  II.  148.  Cai.',  Cld.  (JAM.)  Ayr.  There's 
nae  frost  to  hack  them  [the  hands]  in  the  simmer  time,  SERVICE 
Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  161. 

Hence  (i)  Hacked  or  Hackit,  ppl.  adj.  cracked,  chapped 
through  cold  ;  (2)  Hacking,  vbl.  so.  the  chapping  of  hands 
or  feet  through  cold. 

(i)  Sc.  His  wee,  hackit  heelies  are  hard  as  the  airn,  THOM 
Rhymes  (1844)  140.  Frf.  His  hackit  hands  to  heat,  JAMIE  Emigrants 
Family  (1853)  106.  Per.  For  festerin'  finger  or  sair  hackit  heel, 
EDWARDS  Strathearn  Lyrics  (1889)  34.  Fif.  A  day's  durg  brings 
nae  regret,  nor  sair  backs,  nor  hackit  feet,  ROBERTSON  Provost 
(1894)  188.  Rnf.  The  lass  wi'  hakit  hands  and  feet,  M°GILVRAY 
Poems  (ed.  1863)  48.  Ayr.  Who  tied  up  my  wee  hackit  taes  in  the 
winter  time  ?  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  16.  Lnk.  The  wee 
stumpy  legs  ance  hacket  an'  blae,  NICHOLSON  Idylls  (1870)  70. 
N.I.1,  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Lassis,  wi'  hackt  heels  an'  hans,  Keelman's 
Ann.  (1869)  25.  Dur.1  Applied  to  the  hands  when  frostbitten,  or 
to  the  heels  or  instep  when  very  rough.  Cum.14  (a)  Ayr.  A 
hushion  .  .  .  worn  on  the  legs  of  women  and  boys  at  country  work 
to  keep  their  legs  frae  hacking — what  refinement  calls  chapping 
or  gelling,  HUNTER  Studies  (1870)  29. 

17.  To  work  with  a  pickaxe. 

Com.  RICHARDSON  Talk  (1876)  2nd  S.  43 ;  Cum.4,  s.Wm. 
(J.A.B.),  w.Yks.  (R.H.H.) 

18.  To  dig  with  a  mattock,  so  as  to  break  the  clods. 
Glo.1     w.Som.1  The  term  rather  implies  digging  ground  which 

has  already  been  turned  up  with  a  spade.  '  Spit  it  [the  ground] 
up  rough,  and  after  't  have  a  lied  a  bit,  take  and  hack  it  back.' 
De  v.  To  break  clods  with  a  mattock,  after  seed  has  been  sown,  to  avoid 
harrowing,  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  197;  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric. 
(1863).  nw.Dev.1,  Cor.12 

Hence  (i)  hack  and  hail,  phr.  digging  and  thatching; 
hard  work  ;  (2)  Hackynex,  sb.  a  tool  for  digging. 

(i)  n.Dev.  A  beat'th  mun  all  vor  hack  an"  hail,  ROCK  Jim  an' 
Nell  (1867)  st.  42.  (2)  Cor." 

19.  To  hoe  or  loosen  the  earth  round  potatoes,  prepara- 
tory to  earthing  them  up  ;  to  hoe. 

se.  Wor.1  Wil.1  This  is  done  with  a  '  tater-hacker,'  an  old  three- 
grained  garden-fork,  which  by  bending  down  the  tines  or  '  grains  ' 
at  right  angles  to  the  handle  has  been  converted  into  something 
resembling  a  rake,  but  used  as  a  hoe.  Dor.  DARTNELL  &  GODDARD 
Wds.  (1893).  Dev.2  I've  been  hackin'  tittie  voors  all  day.  Cor.1 
To  hack  tetties. 

20.  To  cut  peas,  beans,  vetches,  &c.,  with  a  hook ;  to 
dress  a  hedge-breast  or  a  gutter  with  a  sickle. 

Cum.4,  Ox£'  Brks.  I  be  gwaln  pea-'acking  next  week  (W.H.E.) ; 
Brks.1  w.Mid.  The  haulm  is  raised  with  a  stick  or  old  hook  held 
in  the  left  hand,  and  severed  with  the  hook  that  is  wielded  in  the 
right  hand.  '  You  can  go  and  hack  that  pea-haulm  when  you  have 
done  this  hoeing'  (W.P.M.).  Hmp.  To  harvest  beans,  the  reapers 
using  two  hooks,  one  wherewith  to  cut,  and  the  other,  an  old  one, 
wherewith  to  pull  up  the  halm,  WISE  New  Forest  (1883)  288; 
(W.H.E.) ;  Hmp.1,  Wil.  (W.H.E.) 

Hence  (i)  Hacked,  ppl.  adj.  of  a  path  or  track  :  cleared, 
made  passable  ;  (2)  Hack-hook,  sb.  a  curved  hook  with  a 
long  handle,  used  for  cutting  tares  or  peas,  or  for  trimming 

(i)  Nhp.  A  keeper  pointed  out  to  me  a  recently  cleared  path 
which  he  described  as  the  'hacked  way,'  TV.  &  Q.  (1878)  5th  S. 
ix.  575.  (2)  Sus.1  Hmp.  HOLLOW  AY. 

21.  To  uproot  turnips,  &c.,  with  a  turnip-hack. 

s.Not.  It  is  done  after  the  upper  part  of  the  root  has  been  gnawed 
off  by  the  sheep,  in  order  to  make  the  remainder  available.  '  He's 
bruck  'is  'ack,  'ackin  them  tunnips'  (J.P.K.).  Dor.  The  swede-field 
in  which  she  and  her  companion  were  set  hacking,  HARDY  Tess 
(1891)  xliii. 

22.  To  throw  up  earth  in  ridges  by  ploughing  or  hoeing. 
Hrt.  Combing  is  also  called  hacking  and  are  synonymous  names 

for  one  and  the  same  operation,  ELLIS  Mod.  Hush.  (1750)  VIII.  36. 

23.  To  rake  up  hay  into  rows. 

Not.  Is  the  hay  hacked  in !  (J.H.B.)  Lei.1  Nhp.1  The  grass,  as 
it  falls  from  the  mower's  scythe,  is  called  a  swathe,  which  is 
tedded  or  spread  over  the  whole  surface  of  the  meadow  ;  it  is  next 
hacked,  or  separated  into  small  rows.  War.  LEWIS  67.  (1839). 




s.Wor.1  Bdf.  (J.W.B.);  Spread  the  swarths  about  the  ground, 
and  afterwards  hack  it  into  small  rows,  BATCHELOR  Agric.  (1813) 
429.  w.Mid.  When  you  have  done  shaking  out  these  windrows, 
you  may  go  and  hack  in  over  yonder  (W.P.M.).  Sus.1 

Hence  Hack-rake,  v.  to  rake  the  hay  together  after  it 
has  been  spread  out  to  dry.  se.Wor.1 

24.  To  win  everything  at  games  of  marbles,  &c. 

Cum.  When  we'd  hacked  the  lads  aw  roun  us,  ANDERSON  Ballads 
(1805)  in,  ed.  1808;  Gl.  (1851). 

25.  With  at:  to  imitate.    Yks.  (HALL.),  w.Yks.1 

26.  To  hesitate ;    to  hesitate   in   speech ;  to  stammer, 
stutter.    Cf.  hacker,  v.  2. 

Nhb.1  He  hicked  at  forst,  but  they  gat  him  to  gan  on.  n.Yks.2, 
Shr.2,  e.An.1  Nrf.  How  that  man  did  hack  (W.R.E.)  ;  (E.M.) 

Hence  (i)  Hacka,  sb.  a  nervous  hesitation  in  speaking. 
Wil.1 ;  (2)  Hocker,  sb.  one  who  stammers.  Nrf.  (E.M.) 

27.  Phr.  (i)  to  hack  and  har,  (2)  — and  haw  or  hew,  (3) 
—  and  hammer  or  hammer,  to  hum  and  haw ;  to  hesitate 
or  stammer  in  speech. 

(i)  Oxf.i  (2)  War. 2 3  se.Wor.i  Why  doesn't  spell  the  words, 
an"  nat  stond  'ackin'  an'  haowin'  athattens  ?  Glo.  Horae  Subsecivae 
(J777)-  (3)  Shr.2  Hacks  and  hammers  at  his  words.  Oxf.iDwunt 
stan  u  ak-in  un  onvuurin  dhaa'r  [Dwun't  Stan'  a  'ackin'  an'  'om- 
merin'  thar].  I.W.  (J.D.R.) 

28.  Of  the  teeth  :  to  chatter.    Cf.  hacker,  v.  4. 

Lan.  Meh  teeth  hackut  imeh  yed  agen,  TIM  BOBBIN  View  Dial. 
(1740)  23  ;  Lan.1,  e.Lan.1  nw.Der.1  Thy  teeth  hacks  i'  th?  yead. 
Dev.  (HALL.) 

29.  To  snap  at  with  the  mouth. 

s.Chs.1  Dh)uwd  saay)z  got'n  pigz,  bur  ah  doo  daayt  60  i)nu 
gbo'in  taak'  t(5o  urn  reytli,  fur  60  aak's  aat1  tim  wenevur  dhi 
kiimn  kloos  up  t6o  ur  [Th1  owd  sai's  gotten  pigs,  bur  ah  do  dai't 
hoo  inna  gooin'  tak  to  'em  reightly,  fur  hoo  hacks  at  'em  whenever 
they  com'n  cloose  up  to  her]. 

30.  To  cough  frequently  and  distressingly ;  to  cough  in 
a  hard,  dry  manner.    Cf.  hacker,  v.  5. 

Stf.2  Used  almost  entirely  in  the  phr.  '  to  cough  and  ack.' 
sw.Lin.1  He  has  been  hacking  like  that  all  night.  War.  Leamington 
Courier  (Mar.  6,  1897)  ;  War.3  He  hacks  so  at  night ;  War.4, 
s.War.1,  e.An.1,  Sus.1 

Hence  Hacking  or  Hicking,  ppl.  adj.  of  a  cough : 
hard,  dry. 

n.Yks.2  sw.Lin.1  He  has  such  a  hacking  cough.  s.Lln.  (T.H.R.), 
Nhp.^Brks-^Hnt^T.P.F.),  e.An.1  Nrf.  I  fare  to  have  sich  a  hacking 
cough  (W.R.E.).  Cor.' 

HACK,  sb.2  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng. 
Also  in  forms  ack-  Chs.1 ;  eck  w.Yks. ;  haek  Sh.I. ;  haik 
Bnff.1  Frf.  Ayr.Lth.;  hake  Abd.  Lth.;  heck  Or.I.  Cai.1  Per. 
Rnf.  Ant.  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  Dur.1  Lakel.1  Cum.14  Wm.  n.Yks.12 
ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.1  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.1 234S  Lan.1  n.Lan.1  ne.Lan.1 
Der.1  Not.2  3  n.Lin.1  sw.Lin.1  Nhp.1  Hrf.  e.An.  [h)ak,  aek, 
h)ek.]  1.  A  rack  or  manger  to  hold  fodder  for  horses 
or  cattle  in  a  stable. 

Sc.  (G.W.),  Or.I.  (S.A.S.),  Bnff.1  Ayr.  [He]  mounted  into  the 
hack,  and  hid  himself  among  the  hay,  GALT  Gilhaize  (1823)  iv. 
n.Cy.  BAILEY  (1721) ;  GROSE  (1790)  ;  (K.) ;  N.Cy.12  Nhb.  MORTON 
Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863);  Nhb.1, Dur.1,  Cum.24,n.Yks.(T.S.),  n.Yks.124, 
ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788)  ;  e.Yks.1  w.Yks. 
T'stable  lad  went  in  wi  a  pale  ov  waiter  ta  put  ontut  eck,  reddy 
fer  use,  Yksman.  Comic  Ann.  (1878)  21  ;  Horses  owt  ta  be  weel 
fettald  dahn  and  fodderd  wi  oats  and  beans  and  t'heck  filled  wi 
good  sweet  hay,  TOM  TREDDLEHOYLE  Bairnsla  Ann.  (1873)  45; 
w.Yks.1234*,  ne.Lan.1,  Not.23,  s.Not.  (J.P.K.),  Der.2  Lin.  GROSE 
(1790).  n.Lin.1  We  mun  hev  them  hecks  mended  e'  th'  coo  staables, 
th'  beas"  waaste  the'r  fother  theare  shaameful.  sw.Lin.1,  s.Lin. 
(T.H.R.)  Hrf.  The  young  horses  and  brood  mares  [are  fed]  in 
hecks  under  a  shade,  Reports  Agric.  (1793-1813)  25.  Nrf.  (HALL.) 

Hence  Heckstower,  56.  a  rack-staff.    Yks.  (HALL.) 
2.  Phr.  (i)  hack  and  harbour,  food  and  shelter;  (2)  — 
and  manger,  free  quarters,  plenty,  abundance,  esp.  in  phr. 
to  live  athack  and  manger. 

(i)  iLYks.1  '  To  eat  one  out  of  heck  and  harbour,'  ot  a  poor 
man's  family  with  good  appetites  ;  n.Yks.2  '  Cleared  out  of  heck 
and  harbour,'  destitute  both  of  food  and  shelter.  (2)  Sc.  Maintained 
puir  Davie  at  heck  and  manger  maist  feck  o'  his  life,  SCOTT 
IVaverley  (1814)  Ixiv.  Cai.1  Bnff.  The  marauding  Bully,  who 
had  been  living  at  haik  and  manger,  GORDON  Chron.  Keith  (1880) 
143.  Abd.  At  hake  and  manger,  Jane  and  ye  sail  live,  Ross 

Helenore  (1768)  124,  ed.  1812.  w.Sc.  The  members  of  Presbytery 
had  often  lived  at  heck  and  manger  in  their  houses,  MACDONALD 
Settlement  (1869)  17,  ed.  1877.  Per.  She'll  hae  her  run  o' heck 
an'  manger  sae  lang  as  she  lives,  IAN  MACLAREN  Brier  Bush  (1895) 
296.  Rnf.  They  that  live  at  heck  an'  manger  Sigh  vainly  for  '  the 
little  stranger,'  YOUNG  Pictures  (1865)  166.  Ayr.  Ne'er-do-well 
dyvours  and  licht  limmers  who  leeved  at  hack  and  manger,  SERVICE 
Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  74  ;  Wasting  baith  at  heck  and  manger  wi' 
bardie  leddies,  GALT  Sir  A.  Wylie  (1822)  xvii.  Slk.  Her  ladyship 
.  .  .  was  bred  at  the  same  heck  an'  manger  as  oursels,  HOGG  Tales 
(1838)  80,  ed.  1866.  Nhb.  (R.O.H.),  w.Yks.1  sw.Lin.1  '  He  lives 
at  heck  and  manger,'  said  of  one  who  has  free  quarters,  the  run 
of  his  teeth. 

3.  A  crib  for  fodder  from  which  animals  are  fed  in  the 
open  air.    Also  in  comb.  Stand-hack. 

Lth.  Sparred  boxes  for  holding  fodder  for  sheep,  MORTON  Cyclo. 
Agric.  (1863).  Dur.1  A  four-sided  rack  (raised  some  height  from 
the  ground)  of  wood  bars  for  holding  straw  in  a  fold-yard.  e.Yks. 
(Miss  A.),  e.Yks.1  m.Yks.1  A  moveable  rack,  sometimes  placed 
on  a  trestle ;  at  other  times,  having  fixed  supports.  w.Yks.  He 
pickt  five  or  six  [recruits]  aght  at  renks  at  wor  az  knock-kneed  az 
a  stan  d  heck,  TOM  TREDDLEHOYLE  Bairnsla  Ann.  ( 1 853)  43 ;  w.Yks.5, 
s.Not.  (J.P.K.)  Lin.  STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes  (1884)  337. 

4.  A  wooden  frame  on  which  fish  are  hung  to  dry. 

Sc.  An'  hing  ye  up  like  herrin'  on  a  hake,  ALLAN  Lilts  (1874) 
71  ;  (JAM.)  Sh.I.  Ye  sail  get  dem  [herrings]  asl  get  dem, uncle,  an' 
a  haek  ta  Sibbie,  Sh.  News  (Aug.  13, 1898).  Bnff.1  Three  pieces  of 
wood  nailed  together  in  the  shape  of  a  triangle  and  filled  with 
small  spikes  on  which  to  hang  fish. 

5.  That  part  of  a  spinning-wheel  armed  with  teeth,  by 
which  the  spun  thread  is  conducted  to  the  '  pirn.' 

Frf.  I  wish  you  would  take  your  arm  off  the  haik,  BARRIE  Tommy 
(1896)  128.  Lth.  (JAM.);  Fringe-hake,  a  small  loom  on  which 
females  work  their  fringes  (it.).  Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824) 
259,  ed.  1876.  Ant.  An  elliptical  bow  of  wood,  the  arms  of  which 
extend  in  the  direction  of  the  bobbin-spindle,  and  have  their  edges 
set  with  crooked  teeth,  made  of  iron  wire,  to  direct  the  thread 
equally  over  the  spool  or  bobbin  of  the  common  spinning  wheel, 
GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.) 

6.  A  wooden  frame  or  rack  on  which  cheeses  are  hung 
to  dry. 

Sc.  A  wooden  frame,  suspended  from  the  roof,  containing  dif- 
ferent shelves,  for  drying  cheeses  (JAM.).  Cai.1  Abd.  A  hake 
was  frae  the  rigging  hanging  fu'  O'  quarter  kebbocks,  Ross 
Helenore  (1768)  83,  ed.  1812. 

7.  An  open  kind  of  cupboard  suspended  from  the  wall. 

8.  A  slightly  raised  bank  or  wall  on  which  bricks  are 
set  up  to  dry  before  going  into  the  kiln. 

Glo.1  Mid.  Rye  straw  is  used  by  brickmakers,  to  cover  their 
hacks,  MIDDLETON  View  Agric.  (1798)  418.  w.Mid.  Newly  made 
bricks,  before  being  baked,  are  placed  to  dry  in  rows,  called 
'hacks'  (W.P.M.).  Sus.  (F.E.S.),  Wil.1  Som.  JENNINGS  Obs. 
Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825)  ;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  w.Som.1  The  rain  come 
avore  we'd  agot  time  vor  to  cover  em,  and  spwoiled  the  wole  hack 
o'  bricks. 

Hence  Hackstead,  sb.  the  place  where  bricks  are  laid 
out  to  dry  in  a  brick-garth. 

N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  Obs.  Chs.1  Acksted,  a  foundation  of  sods  for  the 
drying  wall  in  a  brickfield. 

9.  pi.   The  bottom  or  hard  bricks  of  an  undried  brick 
walL    n.Yks.  (I.W.) 

10.  A  hatch  ;  a  half-door  or  hatch-door  ;  a  small  gate  or 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790);  Trans.  Phil.  Soc.  (1858)  160  ;  (K.)  ;  N.Cy.2 
Lakel.2  Cum.2 ;  Cum.4  An  iron  heck  with  bars  about  five  inches 
apart  was  fixed  to  the  bridge,  Carlisle  Pat.  (Aug.  31,  1894)  3. 
Cum.,  Wm.  The  hatch  or  gate  between  a  barn  and  cowhouse, 
NICOLSON  (1677)  Trans.  R.  Lit.  Soc.  (1868)  IX.  n-Yks.1  When 
a  door  is  made  to  open  in  two  parts,  the  upper  half  which  fastens 
with  a  latch,  is  the  Heck.  The  lower  part  fastens  with  a  bolt 
or  bolts,  and  is  sometimes  called  Half-heck;  n.Yks.2  w.Yks. 
THORESBY  Lett.  (1703)  ;  HUTTON  Tour  to  Caves  (1781);  WILLAN 
List  Wds.  (1811);  w.Yks.3*,  Lan.1,  n.Lan.1,  ne.Lan.1,  Der.1  Lin. 
BAILEY  (1721).  Nhp.1,  e.An.1  Nrf.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1787). 

11.  Comb,  (i)  Heck-door,  the  door  between  the  kitchen 
of  a  farm-house  and  the  stable  or  farm-yard  ;  (2)  -stake, 
the  door-stake  or  night-bar  ;  (3)  -stead,  the  doorway  ;  (4) 
•stead  fat,  a  facetious  name  for  water ;  see  below ;  (5) 




-slower  or  -staver,  the  portable  beam  across  the  middle 
of  the  hatchway  ;  (6)  -way,  see  (3). 

(i)  B.Sc.  (JAM.)  Ayr.  The  cattle  .  . .  gen.  entered  by  the  same 
door  with  the  family,  .  .  turning  the  contrary  way  by  the  heck- 
door  to  the  byre  or  stable,  Agric.  Surv.  114  QAM.).  w.Yks.2 
(2,  3)  n.Yks.2  (4)  ib.  '  Hecksteead  fat,'  a  facetious  term  in  the 
country  for  water  ;  it  being  usual  in  farm-houses  to  keep  a  supply 
in  '  pankins  '  in  the  passage,  or  recessed  behind  the  door.  '  If 
you'll  stay  tea,  you  shall  have  a  cake  knodden  wi'  hecksteead  fat,' 
which  implies  a  cake  made  of  flour  and  water  only ;  but  in  the 
good  nature  of  hospitality,  the  cakes  turn  out  to  be  as  rich  as 
butter  and  currants  can  make  them.  (5)  ib.  e.Yks.  Trees  .  .  . 
will  serve  for . . .  heckstowers,  BEST  Rur.  Econ.  (1641)  tai.  nXin.1 
s.Lin.  Two  o'  the  heck-stawers  's  brok  (T.H.R.).  (6)  n.Yks.2 

12.  Phr.  to  bark  at  the  heck,  to  be  kept  waiting  at  the  door. 
Cum.  (M.P.),  Cum.14 

13.  The  inner  door  between  the  entry  and  the  '  house- 
place  '  or  kitchen. 

n.Cy.  (J.L.)  (1783).  Nhb.1  Cum.  A  door,  half  of  rails,  or  what  is 
called  in  the  south  a  '  hatch,'  in  old  farm-houses  opened  from  the 
entry,  between  the  mill-doors,  to  the  hallan  ^M.P.).  n.Yks.1 '  Steck 
t'heck,  bairn,"  latch  or  fasten  the  inner  door.  ne.Yks.1  It  blaws 
cau'd  ;  steck  t'heck.  e.Yks.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788). 

14.  Contp.  (i)  Heck-door,  the  inner  door  of  a  house  only 
partly  panelled  and  the  rest  latticed  ;  (2)  -stead,  the  site 
or  place  of  the  inner  door  between  the  entry  and  the 
'  house-place '  or  kitchen. 

(I)  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1  Cnni.  LINTON  Lake  Cy.  (1864)  305.  (a', 
n-Yks.1  We'll  noo  gan  thruff  [through]  t'heck-stead  inti'  t'kitchen. 

15.  A  weather-board  at  a  barn  door  to  keep  out  the  rain. 
Lan.  You  pull  your  faces  as  long  as  a  barn  door  'eck,  ELLIS 

Pronunc.  ( 1889)  V.  356. 

16.  A  latch. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Wm.  The  girl  unsneck'd  the  raddle  heck, 
HUTTON  Bran  New  Wark  (1785)  1.  372  ;  When  gust  bi  gust  blew  up 
the  heck,  WHITEHEAD  Leg.  (1859)  13.  m-Yks.1  Steck  t'heck  [drop 
the  latch].  Steck  t'door,  and  don't  let  t'heck  go  down.  w.Yks.2 

17.  A  kind  of  screen  forming  a  passage  ;  see  below. 
s.Dur.  Still  found  in  some  old  farm-house  kitchens  when  the 

door  and  fireplace  both  occur  on  one  side  of  the  room.  '  She 
threshed  me  a-back  o'  t'heck.'  '  He  placed  the  besom-shank  where 
it  always  stood,  namely,  a'-back-ed-heck  '  (J.E.D.).  Wm.  The  mell- 
door  opened  into  the  Heck,  a  narrow  passage  six  feet  long,  and 
leading  into  the  house,  Lonsdale  Mag.  (1822)  III.  249;  The 
passage  [heck]  was  separated  from  the  house  by  a  partition  of  old 
oak,  and  only  seldom  of  stone.  This  partition  was  frequently 
carved  and  bore  the  date,  and  the  builder's  name ;  and  was 
denominated  the  heck.  In  houses  of  the  most  ancient  date,  this 
heck  reached  to  the  first  beam  of  the  upper  story,  where  a  huge 
octagonal  post  formed  its  termination,  ib.  251  ;  Drest  in  a  shroud 
wi  noiseless  step  Up  t'heck  comgliden  in,  WHITEHEAD  Leg.  ^1859) 
14,  ed.  1896 ;  As  dark  as  a  heck  Lthe  unlighted  passage  found  in 
many  of  the  older  class  of  farm-houses]  (B.K.). 

18.  The  tail-board   or  movable  board  at  the  back   of 
a  cart.    Also  in  comp.  Heck-board.    Cf.  hawk,  sb.* 

N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1,  Cnm.«,  Dnr.1,  sJ>ur.  (J.E.D.)  Wm.(J.M.  ;  (E.C.) 
s.Wm.  (J.A.B.),  ne.Liin.1.  Not.2,  Nhp.1 

19.  A  wooden  grating  or  fence  set  across  a  stream  to 
catch  fish  or  to  obstruct  their  passage  ;   a  swinging  fence 
where  a  wall  crosses  a  stream. 

Sc.  To  require  the  said  proprietors  and  tenants  ...  to  put 
proper  hecks  on  the  tail-races  of  their  canals,  to  prevent  salmon 
or  grilse  from  entering  them,  Abd.  Jrn.  (Aug.  2,  1820)  (JAM.). 
s.Sc.  Speaks  o'  hecks  (a  new  invention)  'Cross  dam  an'  ditch, 
WATSON  Bards  (1859)  53.  Wgt.  The  Scavengers  are  ...  to  keep 
the  syvors  sunk,  runners  and  iron  hecks  thereon  always  clear  and 
clean,  FRASER  Wigtown  (1877)  81.  s.Dur.  (J.E.D.),  Lakel.1 
Com.  Sat  and  screecht  on  t'watter  heck,  DICKINSON  Cumin:  (1876) 
256.  e.Yks.  The  best  and  readyest  way  of  keepinge  up  the  water 
is  to  set  downe  broade  and  close  doore  or  coupelynings  against 
some  heck  or  bridge,  BEST  Rur.  Econ.  (1641)  18.  w.Yks.  Leeds 
Merc.  Supf>l.  (July  1 1, 1896) ;  LUCAS  Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882-  Gl. 

20.  A  shuttle  in  a  drain.    n.Lin.1 

21.  A  hedge. 

Lin.  KENNETT  Par.  Antiq.  (1695);  (K.)  n.Lin.1  Rare.  'It 
ewsed  to  stan'  up  by  yon  heck  yonder  agean  th'  beach  tree.' 

EThe  forms  in  all  their  meanings  may  be  referred  to 
.  hec(c,  also  hcec(c  (SWEET).    1O.  Of  paradys  he  opened 
be  hekke,  Minor  Poems  (Vernon  MS.)  (c.  1350)  xxiv.  331.] 

HACK,  sb?  and  z/.2  Suf.  Wil.  Som.  Also  in  form  hock 
Wil.1  1.  sb.  In  comp.  Hack-horse,  a  hackney,  roadster. 

w-Som.1  Tis  a  useful  sort  of  a  hack-horse  [aak-au's]  like,  but  I 
'ont  zay  he've  a-got  timber  'nough  vor  to  car  you. 

2.  A  hardworking  man  ;  a  drudge.    Suf.  (HALL.),  e.Suf. 

3.  v.   To  ride  on  horseback  along  the  road. 

w.Som.1  I've  a-knowed  th'old  man  hack  all  the  way  to  Horner, 
to  meet, .  .  and  hack  home  again  arterwards. 

4.  Phr.  to  hack  about,  (i)  to  scamper,  ride  hard  ;  to  give 
a  horse  no  breathing  time  or  rest ;  (2)  to  treat  a  thing 
carelessly,  drag  it  through  the  mud. 

(i)  w.Som.1  Ter'ble  fuller  to  ride  ;  I  wid'n  let-n  hack  about  no 
'oss  o'  mine  vor  no  money.  (2)  Wil.1  '  Now  dwoan't  'ee  gwo 
a-hocken  on  your  new  vrock  about.'  The  usual  form  in  s.Wil.  is 

5.  To  work  hard. 

e.Suf.  He  hacks  that  poor  fellow  dreadfully.  Mind  yow  don't 
hack  yowrself  to  dead  (F.H.). 

HACK,  sb*  Yks.  e.An.  [ak,  aek.]  Havoc,  injury, 
damage.  Also  in  comp.  Hackwark,  and  used  advb. 

n.Yks.2  '  They  made  mair  hack  than  mends,"  there  was  more 
injury  done  than  good  effected.  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  e.An.1  A  flock  of 
sheep  playing  hack.  Birds  play  hack  with  fruit  trees.  e.Snf.  To 
play  hack,  to  frolic.  To  play  hack  with,  to  spoil,  injure  (F.H.). 

HACK,  sb?    e.Dur.1    Filth,  dirt. 

Aa  canna  get  the  hack  off  tha. 

HACK,  v?    >  Obs.    Sc.    To  hawk,  sell  by  peddling. 

Edb.  It's  hack'd  frae  town  to  town  abuse't,  An'  house  to  house, 
LIDDLE  Poems  (1821)  80. 

HACK,  see  Hag(g,  sb.2,  Hake,  sb.a,  Heck,  v.2,  Howk. 

HACKAMUGGIE,  sb.  Sh.I.  The  stomach  of  a  fish 
stuffed  with  a  hash  of  meat, '  sounds,'  and  liver.  S.  &  Ork.1 
Cf.  hack,  sb.1 12. 

HACKASING,  prp.  Chs.  Lin.  Hrf.  Also  in  forms 
accussin  Chs.1 ;  hakussing  n.Lin.1  [a'k-,  se'kasin. J 
Disputing,  wrangling  ;  moving  about  violently  as  people 
do  when  in  anger ;  doing  work  in  a  violent  or  angry 
way.  Also  used  as  sb.  Cf.  yackaz. 

Chs.1  Nah  then  !  no  accussin.  n.Lin.1  I  could  see  sum'ats  was 
wrong  as  soon  as  I  went  in  ;  she  was  puttin'  dinner  things  by,  an' 
hakussin'  aboot  all  th'  time.  Hrf.2  What  are  yer  hackasing  at  ? 

HACK-BERRY,  see  Hag-berry. 

HACKBOLT,  sb.  Cor.  The  greater  shearwater, 
Puffinus  major. 

Cor.  ROOD  Birds  (1880)  314.  Sc.I.  In  the  Scilly  islands,  where 
they  are  called  Hackbolts,  they  are  said  to  be  yet  more  frequent, 
JOHNS  Birds  (1862)  601  ;  SWAINSON  Birds  (1885)  212. 

HACK-CLAY,  sb.  Nhb.1  A  whitish  sort  of  clay,  found 
in  Northumberland  moors. 

It  is  tough,  unctuous,  of  a  whitish  (colour),  and  like  rotten  clay 
(or)  like  that  of  the  decomposed  granite  kind  found  in  Cornwall. 

HACKEN,  sb.     Lakel.2    A  term  of  disgust. 

T'gurt  brossen  hacken  wad  eat  tell  he  dud  hissel  a  mischief. 

HACKER,  sb.  Lin.  War.  Wor.  Shr.  Rdn.  Glo.  Wil. 
Dor.  [a'ka(r),  ae'ka(r).]  1.  A  chopper  or  hedging-hook 
used  by  hedgers,  &c. ;  a  bill-hook. 

War.  (E.A.P.),  War.2,  se.Wor.1  Shr.1  A  short,  strong,  slightly 
curved  implement  of  a  peculiar  kind,  for  chopping  off  the  branches 
of  fallen  trees,  &c.  '  Axe,  hacker,  mittins,  and  other  small  tools,' 
Auctioneer's  Catal,  (1870) ;  Shr.2  An  axe  usually  taken  to  cut  up 
cordwood  ;  it  is  from  2  to  2j  pounds  weight,  almost  straight,  and 
set  in  a  wooden  handle.  Rdn.1,  Glo.1 
2.  An  instrument  used  in  '  hacking '  potatoes  ;  a  hoe. 

Wil.1  Also  known  as  a  Tomahawk.  n.Wil.  An  instrument  made 
out  of  an  old  three-grained  fork,  used  for  '  hacking '  potatoes.  Not 
much  used  nowadays  (E.H.G. ).  Dor.  To  grub  up  the  lower  or 
earthy  half  of  the  root  with  a  hooked  fork  called  a  '  hacker,'  HARDY 
Tess  (1891)  xliii ;  BARNES  Gl.  (1863). 
8.  A  person  who  dresses  stone.  n.Lin.1 

HACKER,  v.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  and  Eng.  Also 
written  hakker  Cum.1  Wil.1 ;  and  in  forms  accer  e.Yks. ; 
acker  Lan.1 ;  akker  Nhp.2  ;  ecker  Ken.' ;  bicker  w.Som.1 ; 
ocker  Lan.  [  h  la-k.T  i ,  ae'k3(r).]  1.  To  hack  in  cutting  ; 
to  cut  or  chop  small. 

s.Sc.  (JAM. ;  Slk.  An  his  throat  was  a'  hackered  an'  ghastly  was 
he,  HOGG  Poems  (ed.  1865)  65. 




2.  Fig.   To  hesitate  in  speech  ;  to  stammer,  stutter.    Cf. 
hack,  v.1  26. 

Cum.  He  drank  and  he  hakkert  and  sang,  DICKINSON  Cumbr. 
(1875)  232  ;  Cum.1  He  hakkers  an'  gits  nin  on  wid  his  talk  ;  Cum.4 
n.Yks.2  He  began  to  hacker  on.  ne.Yks.1  He  hackered  an' 
stammered.  e.Yks.  What's  thah  accering  at  ?  (R.M.) ;  e.Yks.1 
What  is  tha  hackerin  an  stammerin  aboot  ?  Lan.  He  ockers,  an' 
stutters,  an'  tries  to  tell  th'  tale,  STANDING  Echoes  (1885)  II  ;  Lan.1 
He  ackers  and  haffles  :  he's  lyin'.  s.Chs.1  A  weaker  term  than 
'  stammer."  Soa"  un  Soa')z  u  gild  spee'kur,  oa-ni  ey  aak-urz  u  bit, 
naat-  tu  kau'  it  staanvurin  [So  and  So's  a  good  speaker,  on'y  he 
hackers  a  bit,  natto  caw  it  stammerin'].  Lin.  STREATFEILD  Lin. 
and  Danes  (1884)  334.  n.Lin.  An'  soa  Aamos  scrats  his  head,  an' 
hackers  a  time  or  two,  PEACOCK  Tales  (1890)  2nd  S.  n  ;  n.Lin." 
s.Lin.  He  hackers  that  bad  when  he  speaks  it's  grievous  to  hear 
him  (T.H. R.).  Brks.1  One  is  said  to  'hacker  and  stammer'  when 
answering  disjointedly  on  account  of  having  no  excuse  or  explana- 
tion forthcoming.  s.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Ken.  (G.B. ),  Ken.1  Sus. 
Hackerin  a  bit  she  says,  '  I've  a  mort  o'  pettigues,  Mus  Ladds,' 
JACKSON  Southward  Ho  (1894^  I.  200;  Sus.1,  Hrap.  (J.R.W. >, 
Hmp.1,  I.W.12  Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 

Hence  (i)  Hackering,  (a)  vbl.  sb.,  (b) ppl.adj.  stuttering, 
stammering  ;  (2)  Hackery,  adv.  in  a  stammering,  stutter- 
ing manner. 

(i,  a)  n.Yks.2  s.Lin.  What  wi'  Ted's  hackering  and  Jim's 
grimaaces  I  ommoast  split  mi  sides  wi'  laughin'  (T.H.R.).  e.An.1 
Nrf.  COZENS-HARDY  Broad Nrf.  (1893)  88.  (b)  Cum.4  Sad  hakkeran 
wark  they  maade  o'  ther  neamen,  W.  C.  T.  (July  9,  1898)  8,  col.  5. 
(2)  n.Yks.2  He  talks  quite  hackery. 

3.  To  shuffle,  hesitate. 

n.Lin.1  He'll  be  hackerin'  aboot  wi'  foaks  till  he  gets  his  sen 
atween  th'  foher  walls  o'  Ketton  prison. 

4.  To  shake  or  tremble  with  anger,  fear,  cold,  &c. ;  to 
chatter  with  cold.     Cf.  hack,  v.1  28. 

Nhp.2,  Glo.1  Wil.  Our  maester's  got  the  ager !  How  a  hackers 
and  bivers,  AKERMAN  Tales  (1853)  55;  SLOW  Gl.  (1892);  Wil.12 
Dor.  BARNES  Gl.  (1863).  Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873)  ;  SWEETMAN 
Wincanton  Gl.  (1885).  w.Som.1  Why's  'n  yeat  thy  zul,  and  neet 
bide  there  hickerin  ?  This  here  wind  '11  make  anybody  hickery 
wi'  the  cold. 

5.  To  COUgh.     Cf.  hack,  V.1  30.       Lan.1  He  ackers  and  spits. 
HACKER-BERRY,  see  Hag-berry. 

HACKET,  v.1  and  sb.  Oxf.  Brks.  Sus.  Wil.  Also  in 
forms  heccat-  Brks.1  ;  heckut-  Oxf.1  ;  hicket-  Wil.1 
[ae'kat,  e'kat.]  1.  v.  To  cough  in  a  hard,  dry  manner  ; 
to  hack. 

Sus.  He  hackets  so  with  his  cough  (G.A.W.). 

Hence  Hacketing  or  Heckuting,  ppl.  adj.  of  a  cough  : 
dry,  hard,  '  hacking.' 

Oxfc1  Uur  a  got  u  naa-sti  ek'utin  kau-f,  un  uuy  shuodnt  uon'duur 

if  uur  went  in  u  dikluuyn  wun  u  dhaiz  yuur  daiz  ['Er  a  got  a 

naasty'eckutin  cough,  an'  I  shouldn't  66nder  if  'er  went  inadecline 

one  of  thase  yer  days].     Sus.  A  hacketing  cough  (G.A.W.). 

2.  sb.   A  short,  dry,  wearing  cough.     In  pi.  form.  Brks.1 

Hence  Heccatty  or  Hicketty,  adj.  of  a  cough  :  short, 
dry,  '  hacking.'  Brks.1,  Wil.1 

HACKET,  v.2  Som.  Also  in  form  hecket-.  [arkat.] 
To  hop  on  one  leg  ;  to  play  '  hop-scotch.'  Cf.  heck,  v?, 

Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  w.Som.1  I've  a-squat  my  voot,  eens 
I  be  a-foc'd,  otherways  to  bide  still,  or  else  to  hackety'pon  tother. 

Hence  (i)  Hackety,  (2)  Hackety-oyster,  (3)  Heckity- 
bed,  sb.  the  game  of  hop-scotch.' 

(i)  w.Som.1  Sometimes  called  '  ik'utee-aak'utee.'  'Come  on, 
Bill !  lets  play  to  hackety ! '  (2)  Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  (3) 
Som.  SWEETMAN  Wincanton  Gl.  (1885). 

HACKIT,  see  Hawkit. 

HACKLE,  sb.1  and  v.1  Yks.  Lan.  Chs.  Der.  Nhp.  War. 
Won  Shr.  Hrf.  Glo.  Oxf.  Brks.  Hrt.  Ess.  Sur.  Sus.  Hmp. 
I.W.  Wil.  Dor.  Also  in  forms  ackle  w.  Yks.  Hmp. ;  aikle 
s.Chs.1 ;  heckle  n.Yks.1  [a-kl,  ae'kl.]  1.  sb.  The 
natural  covering  of  an  animal,  wool,  feathers,  &c. ;  cloth- 
ing, covering,  clothes.  Also  used  Jig. 

n.Yks.1  '  He  has  a  good  hackle  on  his  back ;  he  does  not  shame 
his  keeper;'  of  one  who  is  stout  and  well-looking  ;  n.Yks.2  Sub- 
stance about  the  person,  as  flesh,  clothing.  Property  in  general  ; 
n.Yks.4  ne.Yks.1  '  A  good  hackle '  implies  good-looking,  well- 
cared-for.  '  He's  got  a  good  hackle  ov  his  back.'  e.Yks.1  He's 

getten  a  rare  hackle  on  his  back  [he  is  very  fat].  Hrt.  The  slug 
slipped  his  outer  skin,  or  what  we  call  his  hackle,  ELLIS  Mod. 
Hush.  (1750)  III.  ii.  116;  The  serpent  sheds  his  skin  or  hackle 
every  year,  ib.  112.  Ess.  Trans.  Arch.  Soc.(i%63)  11.185;  (W.W.S.) 

2.  A   cone-shaped  covering  of  straw  placed  over  bee- 
hives to  protect  them  from  cold  and  wet 

e.Yks.1  MS.  add.  (T.H.)  Der.2,  nw.Der.1  War.  Leamington 
Courier  (Mar.  6,  1897);  War.24,  s.War.1,  s.Wor.1,  Shr.1,  Hrf.12 
Glo.  The  covering  of  a  beehive  made  of  reed  or  halm,  Horae  Sub- 
secivae(I^^^)  197  ;  Glo.1,  Brks.1,  Sus.1,  Hmp.  (W.M.E.F.),  Hmp.1, 
I.W.1  Wil.  BRITTON  Beauties  ( 1825)  ;  Wil.1  Hackle,  and  sometimes 
Shackle,  are  used  at  Deverill,  while  elsewhere  in  s.Wil.  Bee-hackle 
is  the  word  employed.  Dor.1 

3.  The  straw  covering  of  the  apex  of  a  rick. 
Hrf.1,  Hmp.1     Wil.  BRITTON  Beauties  (1825) ;  Wil.1 

4.  A  covering  of  inverted  sheaves  spread  over  the  tops 
of  others  to  protect  them  from  the  wet. 

Hrf.12  Sur.1  Sometimes  in  harvesting,  esp.  in  wet  weather, 
they  make  a  covering  which  they  place  over  the  sheaves,  and  this 
they  call  a  hackle. 

5.  A  stook  of  beans,  gen.  consisting  of  three  sheaves,  set 
up  together  in  a  field. 

s.Wor.1  Glo.  (A.B.;  ;  Beans  are  usually  'set  up  in  what  are 
termed  hackles — singlets  of  unusual  size,'  MARSHALL  Rur.  Ecori. 
(1789)  I.  151  ;  Glo.1,  n.Wil.  (G.E.D.) 

6.  Hay  gathered  into  a  small  row. 

War.  A  smaller  row  than  a  swath  ;  windrow  is  seven  or  eight 
hackles  put  into  one  for  carting,  Leamington  Courier  (Jan.  30, 
1897)  ;  War.3  To  rake  newly  made  hay  into  rows  or  hackles. 

7.  v.  To  dress,  put  on  one's  best  clothes ;  to  equip,  get 
ready,  put  in  order ;  to  do  anything  tidily  and  well. 

n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.4  Sha's  hackled  hersel  wiv  all  t'gewgaws  'at 
sha's  gitten.  w.Yks.  Come,  hackle  tha,  Prov.  in  Brighouse  News 
(Aug.  10,  1889)  ;  Hackle  thi  frock  waist  up,  Yks.  Wkly.  Post  (May 
9,1896);  w.Yks.1  Come,  lass,  git  thysel  hackled;  w.Yks.2  He's  gone 
to  hackle  the  horse  ;  w.Yks.3  A  witness  at  a  trial  said,  '  Deceased 
hardly  knew  how  to  hackle  a  child.'  ne.Lan.1  s.Chs.1  '  Ye  mun 
begin  an'  aikle  nai','  was  the  signal  given  by  an  old  dame  who  kept 
a  school  near  Wrenbury  that  lessons  were  over  for  the  day. 

8.  To  fit  well,  be  well  adapted  to. 

m.Yks.1  A  garment  hackles  well  to  a  person's  back ;  and  a  new 
servant  to  the  duties  of  an  old  one.  '  She  hackles  well  to  her  work, 
however.'  w.Yks.  A  new  servant  doing  unaccustomed  work  well 
is  said  to  ackle  well  to  his  work,  Leeds  Merc.  Suppl.  (Apr.  1 1 .  1891) ; 
That  coat  hackles  well  (C.C.R."). 
Q.  To  turn  the  soil  lightly  ;  to  dress  or  harrow  the  ground. 

n.Yks.1 2 ;  n.Yks.4  Thoo  mun  just  hackle  aboot  t'reeats.    m.Yks.  > 

10.  Fig.   To  correct,  chastise. 

n.Yks.2  I'll  hackle  thy  back  for  thee.  w.Yks.5  Au  nivver  knew 
a  man  so  hackled  i'  mi'  lauf. 

11.  To  cover  bee-hives  with  '  hackles '  or  straw  coverings. 
War.3     Shr.1  It's  gettin'  time  to  'ackle  an'  clicket  the  bees — 

theer'll  be  a  snow  afore  long. 

12.  To   cover    outstanding    corn    by    placing  inverted 
sheaves  over  the  '  mow,'  so  as  to  protect  it  from  the  wet. 

War.3,  s.Wor.1  Shr. [  I  'spect  the  glass  is  gwei'n  down,  fur  they'n 
begun  to  'ackle  the  corn  i'  the  lung  leasow. 

Hence  Hackling-sheaves,  sb.  pi.  inverted  sheaves 
placed  over  outstanding  corn.  Shr.1 

13.  To  gather  hay  into  small  rows. 

War.  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863);  War.23;  War.4  Feyther, 
baint  us  to  hackle  the  hay  this  arternoon  ?  s.War.1  Oxf,1  To  rake 
hay  into  rows  after  it  has  been  '  tedded  ' :  usually  called  to  hackle 
in,  or  up. 

Hence  Hackling,  sb.  hay  gathered  into  small  rows ; 
see  below. 

Nhp.1  Three  hatchels  or  hacklings  thrown  together  into  one 
broad  row  or  swathe,  are  termed  a  win-roworwindrow  (s.v.  Hack). 

14.  To  bind  beans  and  set  them  up  in  stocks.    Wor. 

[1.  OE.  hacele,  a  cloak  (^ELFRIC)  ;  Goth,  hakuls,  OHG. 
hachul,  '  cuculla  '  (GRAFF).] 

HACKLE,  sb.2  and  v."  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  and  Eng. 
Also  written  hacele  Chs.1 ;  and  in  forms  eckle  w.Yks. 
Nhp.1;  ekkle  w.Yks.;  heckle  Sc.  (JAM.)  Lnk.  N.Cy.1 
Nhb.1  Dur.  (K.)  Cum.1  n.Yks.  w.Yks.235  Chs.1  Der.2 
nw.Der.1  Not.  [h)a'kl,  h)e'kl,  as-kl.]  1.  sb.  The  crest  or 
neck  feathers  of  a  cock  or  bird. 

Nhb.1     Dur.  The  heckle  of  a  fighting  cock  (K.).     Cum.1     Cum., 




Wm.  The  word  heckle  in  a  cock's  feathers  is  probably  used  when 
the  plumage  falls  in  points  of  varied  colour  (M.P.).  w.Yks.123, 
Der.2,  nw.Der.1,  Nhp.1,  War.8,  I.W.1  Dev.  Reports  Provinc. 
(1885)  96. 

2.  Fig.  Temper,  dander,  esp.  in  phr.  to  get  or  set  up  one's 

n.Yks.  Dunnot  thee  be  so  ready  to  set  up  the  heckle  agin,  Why 
John  (Coll.  L.L.B.)  w.Yks.  He's  a  short-tempered  thing,  he  gets 
his  eckle  up  with  nout  (M.N.) ;  Settin'  up  his  ekkle  an'  hinderin' 
boath  father  and  son,  Ykstnan.  Comic  Ann.  (1880)  43 ;  w.Yks.2 
Don't  set  up  your  heckle  at  me  ;  w.Yks.3  ;  w.Yks.5  He's  nowt  to 
be  sticking  up  his  heckle  abart,  soa  let  him  hod  his  noise  !  Nhp.1 
'To  set  up  your  eckles,'  is  to  give  yourself  airs,  to  rouse  your 
spirit.  Mid.  They  have  such  a  knack  of  setting  one  another's 
hackles  up,  BLACKMORE  Kit  (1890)  II.  x.  Dev.  The  girl's  got  her 
hackle  up,  poor  plucky  little  minx!  STOOKE  Not  Exactly,  xii. 
n,Dev.  Zo  ott's  this  hackle  vor?  ROCK  Jim  an'  Nell  11867)  st.  7. 
nw.Dev.1  I  rack'n  he'd  a-got  his  hackle  up,  had'n  a,  think  ? 

Hence  (i)  Hackled,  adj.  peevish,  cross-grained, 
angry ;  (2)  Heckle-tempered,  adj.  short-tempered,  hasty, 

(i)  n.Cy.  (HALL.)  Chs.  A  hackled  cow  has  short  horns  (K.). 
n.Dev.  Till  wan  day,  tachy,  hackled,  forth,  ROCK  Jim  an'  Nell 
(1867)  st.  81.  (a)  Chs.18 

3.  An  angler's  artificial  fly,  usually  made  from  the  neck 
feather  of  a  cock ;  the  long  piece  of  gut  at  the  end  of  a 
line,  together  with  the  artificial  fly  attached.  Also  in  comp. 

Lnk.  I'll  do  my  best,  I  think  I'll  try  the  heckle,  STEWART  Twa 
Elders  (1886)  143.  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  The  fishers  they  try  Wi'  hackle 
an'  fly,  RICHARDSON  Borderer's  Table-bk.  (1846)  VIII.  184;  Nhb.1 
'  The  bonny  reed  heckle,'  usually  made  from  the  red  feathers  of  a 
cock.  Another  artificial  fly  is  the  black  heckle  or  BJaewing. 
w.Som.1  The  flies  themselves  severally  are  never  so  called,  but  the 
name  is  used  for  the  whole  apparatus,  gut  and  flies  together.  A 
feather  from  a  fowl's  neck,  suitable  for  making  an  artificial  fly. 
'  Our  Jim  can  dress  a  hackle  way  anybody.' 

4.  The  hair  or  bristles  on  a  dog's  back. 

Nhb.  Up  came  the  other  hounds  quickly  with  raised  hackles, 
ARMSTRONG  Otter  Hunting  (1879) ;  Nhb.1  Not  He  set  his  heckles 
up,  as  if  he'd  fly  at  me.  They  were  running  to  kill  their  fox, 
with  all  their  heckles  up  (L.C.M.).  [MAYER  Sptsmn's  Direct. 
(1845)  142.] 

5.  The  mane  of  a  hog.    WU.BRITTON  Beauties  (1825) ;  wil.12 

6.  pi.  The  ears  of  barley  and  oats.    Also  in  phr.  in 
hackle,  in  ear. 

War.  The  oats  are  in  hackle,  Leamington  Courier  (Jan.  30, 
1897) ;  War.3  ;  War.4  Cut  your  oats  when  they  hackles  is  green, 
if  yur  'd  save  the  King  and  Queen. 

Hence  Hackle, v.of  oats, &c. :  to  form  large  heads  orears. 

War.3  When  oats  form  large  heads  of  corn  they  are  said  to 
hackle  well. 

7.  The  stickleback,  Gasterosteus  trachurus.    Dev.  (HALL.) 
[SATCHELL  (1879).] 

8.  v.  To  look  angry  or  indignant ;  to  grumble,  dispute. 
Cum.  LINTON  Lake  Cy.  (1864)  305.     Chs.  Sheaf  (1878)  I.  60; 

Chs.1     Der.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (P.) ;  Der.2,  nw.Der.1 

[1.  Take  the  hackel  of  a  cock  or  capons  neck,  WALTON 
Angler  (1653)  no;  The  wynges  of  the  drake  &  of  the 
redde  capons  hakyll,  Treatise  of  Fysshynge  (c.  1425),  ed. 
Satchell,  34.] 

HACKLE,  sb?    Nhp.    See  below. 

O'er  the  flood  the  hackle  swarms,  CLARE  Remains  (1873)  160  ; 
The  coarse  bits  of  twitch  left  after  raking  hay,  which  would 
readily  float  if  the  field  were  flooded.  When  the  floods  are 
severe,  they  bring  down  on  their  surface  a  sort  of  scum  of  bits  of 
grass  stalks  and  light  bits  of  grass  (W.D.S.). 

HACKLE,  v."  and  sb*    Brks.  Hmp.  Wil.    [as-kl.l 

1.  v.   To  conspire,  agree  together.    WiL'1,  Brks.1,  Hmp.1 

2.  sb.   A  conspiracy,  cabal. 

Brks.1  Labourers  are  said  to  be  'all  of  a  hackle'  when  making 
agreement  together  to  get  higher  wages  or  shorter  time  for  work. 

[2.  If  a  majority  of  the  old  hackle  come  in  again,  Norris 
Papers  (c.  1700),  Chetham  Soc.  (1846)  74.] 

HACKLE,  v*    Wil.    [arkl.]    To  rattle,  re-echo. 

Wil.1  n.  Wil.  How  them  gunsdo  hackle  to-night,  don 'em?  (E.H.G.) 

[Cp.  Norw.  dial,  hakla,  to  give  a  crackling  sound  (AASEN).] 

HACKLE,  v?    Som.  Amer.    To  haggle,  chaffer. 
w.Som.1  They'd  bide  and  hackly  [haa'klee]  for  an  hour  about 
twopence.     [Amer.  Dial.  Notes  (1896)  I.  379.] 

HACKLE,  v.°  Midi.  Lin.  Fa-Id.]  To  draw  from  the 
earth  by  the  roots  ;  to  dig.  Cf.  hack,  v.1 18. 

Midi.  To  'hackle  turneps,'  to  pull  them  up  with  a  little  two- 
pronged  hack,  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1796)  II.  Lin.1 

HACKLE,  v.7  Lan.  Glo.  e.An.  [a'kl,  as-kl.]  L  To 
shackle  or  tether  animals  to  prevent  their  running  away. 

e.An.1  Snf.  The  fastening  is  usually  made  of  hair,  with  an  eye 
at  one  end  and  a  toggle  round  the  other,  round  the  fetlocks  of  a 
cow  to  prevent  her  kicking  when  milked,  RAINBIRD  Agric.  (1819) 
394,  ed.  1849;  Snf.1,  e.Snf.  (F.H.) 

Hence  Hackled,  pp.,  fig.  hampered  or  inconvenienced 
from  scarcity  of  money.  e.Lan.1 

2.  A  gamekeeper's  term  :  to  interlace  the  hind-legs  of 
game  for  convenience  of  carriage  by  houghing  the  one  and 
slitting  the  sinew  of  the  other.  Glo.12 

HACKLE,  v.*  and  sb.s  Mid.  Som.  1.  v.  To  apply 
oneself  to  anything ;  to  undertake  with  energy.  Also 
with  to.  Cf.  hackle,  v.1  8. 

w  Mid.  '  He's  got  a  lot  of  sons,  but  they're  no  good  for  the 
business — they  won't  hackle.'  '  There's  plenty  of  work  about ; 
but  the  drunken  rascals  won't  hackle  to  it'  (W.P.M.). 

2.  sb.   A  good  job.    Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 

3.  Phr.  just  one's  hackle,  exactly  suitable,  just  what  one 
likes.     Cf.  hackle,  v.1  8. 

w.Mid.  '  That  bit  o'  fat  pork's  jest  his  'ackle.'  '  That  there  job 
seems  to  be  jest  his  hackle '  (W.P.M.). 

HACKLE,  see  Heckle,  sb.1 

HACKLE-BERRY,  sb.  N.I.1  A  growth  on  a  horse's 
leg.  Also  called  Angle-berry  (q.v.). 

HACKLED,  ppl.  adj.    Cum.    See  below.    Cf.  hackle,  v.7 

Cum.4  The  exact  meaning  of  hackled  has  passed  out  of  recollec- 
tion ;  I  suggest  that  '  plaited  '  was  intended.  '  Halters  of  hemp 
both  heads  and  shanks ;  But  some  were  made  of  hackled  seives,' 
Carlisle  Pat.  (May  13,  1870). 

HACKLEY,  sb.     Irel.    The  perch,  Perca  fluvialilis. 

s.Don.  So  called  from  the  sharp  points  on  the  dorsal  fin, 
SIMMONS  Gl.  (1890). 

HACKLING,  ppl.  adj.  Chs.  Lin.  Glo.  Som.  [a'k-, 
ae'klin.]  Of  a  cough  :  dry,  hard,  '  hacking.' 

Chs.1  Go's  getten  sitch  a  hacklin  cough ;  Chs.3  sw.Lin.1  He 
has  that  nasty  hackling  cough  and  raising.  Glo.  'J.S.  F.S.),  Som. 

HACKMAL,  sb.  Som.  Dev.  Cor.  Also  in  forms  ack- 
mal  n.Dev. ;  ackymal  Dev.  Cor. ;  ekky-mal  Cor.3  ;  ekky- 
mowl  Cor.128;  hack-mull  n.Dev.;  hacky-maH  w.Som.1 
nw.Dev.1  Cor. ;  hakkimal  Cor. ;  heckamall  Dev. ;  hecke- 
mal  Dev.1 ;  heck-mall  Dev. ;  heckymal  Dev.  Cor.8 ; 
hekkymal  Cor.1;  hick-mall  Cor.12;  hickymal  s.Dev.; 
uckmaul  Dev.  [ae'kmael.]  1.  The  common  tomtit  or 
blue  titmouse,  Parus  caeruleus.  See  Hag-maid. 

w.Som.1  We  'ant  a  got  no  gooseberries  de  year,  the  hacky-mals 
eat  all  the  bud.  Dev.  There's  a  hackmal's  nest  out  in  a  hole  in 
the  awpel  tree,  HEWETT  Peas.  Sf>.  (1893) ;  The  heck-mall,  a  busy 
bird,  and  fond  of  making  himself  comfortable,  BRAY  Desc.  Tamat 
and  Tavy  (1836)  I.  319  ;  A  hok,  ur  kit's,  no  mor  tel  granny,  Than 
enny  heckymal,  ur  ranny,  Es  to  a  gooze  vur  zize  like,  DANIEL 
Bride  of  Scio  (1842)  187;  He'll  go  snuggle  into  the  straw  like  a 
heckamall  in  a  rick,  BARING-GOULD  J.  Herring  (1888)  23;  Dev.1 
n.Dev.  Tie  a  bullbagger  to  tha  tree,  I  zeed  tha  ackmals  thare, 
ROCK /('man' AW/ (1867)  st  5;  Fox  Kingsbridge  (1874)  ;  (E.H.G.) 
nw.Dev.1,  s.Dev.  (F.W.C.)  Dev.,  Cor.  From  the  strong  pecks 
which  it  deals  with  its  bill  are  derived  the  names  hickmall, 
hackmall,  &c.,  SWAINSON  Birds  (1885)  34.  s.Dev.,  e.Cor.  (Miss  D.) 
Cor.  (J.W.)  ;  ROOD  Birds  (1880)  314  ;  Cor.128 
2.  The  great  titmouse,  Parus  major.  Dev.  SWAINSON  ib.  34. 

HACKNEY,  sb.  and  v.  Sc.  Lan.  Der.  Lei.  Shr.  Hrf. 
Som.  Dev.  Also  in  forms  agney  e.Lan.1;  hocknie  S.  & 
Ork.1  [hja'kni,  ae-kni.]  1.  sb.  A  saddle-horse;  an 
easy-paced,  lady's  horse. 

Sc.  His  hackney  will  be  set  up  with  the  day's  work,  and  now 
he  has  no  fresh  horse,  SCOTT  Bride  of  Lam.  (18191  vi.  Sh.1.  (Coll. 
L.L.B.) ;  S.  ft  Ork.1,  e.Lan.1,  nw.Der.1  Shr.1  '  Whad  !  han'ee  got 
two  'ackneys?'  'Aye,  that's  a  spon  new  un  fur  the  Missis.' 
Shr.,  Hrf.  BOUND  Provinc.  (18761.  Som.  The  servan'  chap  was 
going  for  to  let  out  the  'ackney,  ELLIS  Pronunc.  (1889)  V.  153. 



2.  Comp.  Hackney-saddle,  a  riding-saddle ;  the  ordinary 
saddle  on  which  a  man  (not  a  woman)  rides. 

Lan.  I  got  my  two  mares  and  set  the  saddle  on  the  little  one 
for  a  load  and  the  hackney  saddle  on  the  great  one  to  ride  on, 
WALKDEN  Diary  (ed.  1866)  66.  nw.Der.1  w.Som.1  This  is  a  relic 
of  the  time  when  the  pack-saddle  was  commonest,  and  hence  the 
riding-saddle  had  to  be  distinguished.  If  spoken  of  as  an  equipment 
for  a  saddle  horse,  we  always  say  a  [bruydl-n-zad'l]  bridle  and 
saddle,  but  if  the  saddle  only  were  spoken  of,  we  say :  Kaar  een 
dh-aa'kn'ee-zad'1-n  ae'un  u  due'd  [carry  in  the  hackney-saddle 
and  have  it  mended],  to  distinguish  it  from  the  cart  or  the  gig 
saddle.  nw.Dev.1 

3.  v .   Of  horses  :  to  ride  quietly,  to  use  as  a  saddle-horse. 
Lei.1  A'll  dew  very  well  to  droive,  but  a  een't  seafe  to  'ackney 

no  loonger. 

HACKSEY-LOOKED,  adj.  Sh.  &  Or.I.  AJso  in  form 
hackrey-  (JAM.).  Having  a  coarse  visage,  gruff;  pitted 
with  small-pox.  QAM.),  S.  &  Ork.1 

HACK-SLAVER,  v.  and  sb.  n.Cy.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan. 
Der.  Lin.  e.An.  Also  written  hack-slavver  n.Yks. ;  and 
in  form  keck-  w.Yks.1  1.  v.  To  cut  roughly. 

n.Yks.  What's  t'use  ov  hack-slavverin  on  i'  that  way  ?  (I.  W.) 

2.  To  stammer  and  splutter  like  a  dunce  at  his  lesson. 
Used  in  prp.    e.An.1 

3.  sb.  A  sloven  ;  an  idle,  dissolute,  good-for-nothing  man. 
n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).    Cum.  LINTON  Lake  Cy.  (1864)  304.    n.Yks.2 

e.Yks.1  What  can  lass  meean  bl  takkin  up  wi  sike  a  hack-slawer 
as  that  ?  w.Yks.  A  hasty  slovenly  fellow,  both  in  habit  and  deed  ; 
but  it  has  a  peculiar  respect  to  speaking  ill,  naturally  or  morally, 
THORESBY  Lett.  (1703);  He's  a  great  idle  hackslavver  (L.M.S.)  ; 
w.Yks.14,  Lan.1,  e  Lan.1.  nw.Der.1  n.Lin.1  He's  a  love-begot  an' 
a  real  hackslaver. 

HACKUM-PLACKUM,  adv.  Sc.  Nhb.  In  equal  shares  ; 
in  exchange  or  barter. 

Tev.  Each  paying  an  equal  share,  as  of  a  tavern-bill  (JAM.). 
Nhb.  (HALL.) 

HACK-WOOD,  sb.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  The  bird-cherry, 
Primus  Padus.  See  Hag-berry. 

Nhb.1  Hack-wood  is  a  name  for  the  shrub  itself,  and  hacker, 
hack,  and  hagberry  are  names  for  the  fruit.    Cum.,  Wm.  (B.  &  H.) 
HACKY,  si.  Nhb.  Also  in  form  whacky  (q.  v.).  [ha'ki.] 
A  prostitute  ;  a  term  of  great  contempt. 

In  a  brawl  in  the  streets  of  Newcastle  (1888)  one  woman  was 
heard  to  call  after  another,  '  Hacky,  hacky,  hacky ! '  '  Whacky' 
was  formerly  the  contemptuous  term  applied  by  natives  of  New- 
castle to  their  neighbours  on  the  south  side  of  the  Tyne.  '  He's 
nowt  but  a  Durham  whacky"  (R.O.H.). 
HACKY -MAL(L,  see  Hackmal. 

HADABAND,  sb.  Sh.I.  Also  in  form  hadiband.  A 
wooden  band  fastening  securely  the  ribs  of  a  boat. 

The  main  division  between  the  rooms  [compartments  of  a  sixern] 
was  the  fastabaands,  or  haddabaands,  Sh.  News  (Oct.  21,  1899); 
Da  boat  wis  filled  ta  da  hadabaands,  SPENCE  Flk-Lore  (1899)  250; 
S.  &  Ork.1 

HADDABAT,  sb.     Lin.     [a'dabat.]    The  common  bat. 
MILLER  &  SKERTCHLY  Finland  ( 1878)  xii. 
HADDAG,  HADDEN,  see  Haddie,  Have,  Hold. 
HADDER,^.1    Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  e.An.   Also  in 
form  hedder  Sc.  n.Cy.  Nhb.1  Cum.14  Wm.  e.An.    [h)a'da(r, 
h)e'da(r.]        1.  Van  kinds  of  heather  or  ling,  esp.  Calluna 
vulgaris,  Erica  tetralix,  and  E.  cinerea. 

Sh.I.  IV  tak  dy  haand  in  mine,  An  wale  for  da  saftest  hedder, 
JUNDA  Klingrahool  (1898)  26.  n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790);  (K.)  ;  N.Cy.2 
Nhb.  Reports  Agric.  (1793-1813',  20  ;  Nhb.1  A  house  thatched  with 
'  hedder  and  straw  to  gedders,  or  meadww  thake  and  hadder  to 
gedders,'  Dec.  14,  1505,  WELFORD  Hist.  Newcastle,  22.  Cum. 
Skiddaw  stack  its  hedder  up,  RICHARDSON  Talk  (1876)  2nd  S.  14. 
Cum.,  Wm.  N.  &  Q.  (1873)  4th  S.  xi.  40.  w.Yks.  You  mun  mind 
your  dresses  w'en  you  get  to  the  hadder  (F.P.T.).  e.Cy.,  e.An. 
(B.  &  H.) 

Hence  (i)  Hedder-faced,  adj.  rough-faced,  unshaven  ; 
(2)  Heddery  or  Hedry,  adj.  heathery  ;  fig.  rough,  shaggy. 
(i)  Cum.  He's  nobbet  a  hedder-feac'd  mazlin,  ANDERSON  Ballads 
(ed.  1840)  24;  Whea's  the  hether-feac'd  chap?  ib.  in;  Cum.1 
(2)  Abd.  Afore  he  us'd  to  bare  his  hedry  pow,  Where'er  we  met, 
SHIRREFS  Poems  (1790)  87. 

2.  Comp.  (i)  Hedder-grey,  (2)  -linty,  the  twite  or  rock 
Untie,  Linotaflavirostris.  Cum.4 


[They  lay  upon  the  ground,  as  the  redshanks  do  on 
hadder,  BURTON  Anat.  Mel.  (1621),  ed.  1896,  III.  220;  With 
peittis,  with  turuis,  and  mony  turse  of  hedder,  Sat.  Poems 
(c.  1570),  ed.  Cranstoun,  I.  222 ;  Full  feill  fagaldys  in  to  the 
dyk  thai  cast,  Hadyr  and  hay  bond,  Wallace  (1488)  xi.SgS.] 

HADDER,  sb?  and  v.  Dur.  Lakel.  Cum.  Yks.  Also  in 
forms  hater  Wm.1 ;  hather,  heather  Lakel.2  [h)a'dar.] 

1.  sb.  A  fine  rain  or  drizzle;  a  heavy  mist  or  bank  of  fog. 
s.Dur.  (J.E.D.)     Lakel.2  T'party  at  assd  knew  neea  mair  ner  a 

fiul  what  hadder  meant,  an'  they  set  off  withoot  top  cooats,  an' 
come  back  wet  throo,  an"  gaan  on  aboot  this  hadder.  Cum.1 
Cum.,  n.Yks.  -AT  &•  Q.  (1882)  6th  S.  v.55-  Wm.1  It's  a  sign  o'  bad 
weather  when  them  hater  things  cum  up  Sand. 

Hence  Haddery,  adj.  drizzling. 

Cum.  Auld  Skiddaw,  lap't  i'  heddery  duds,  RICHARDSON  Talk 
(1876)  2nd  S.  13;  It's  a  haddery  day,  SULLIVAN  Cum.  and  Wm. 
(1857)  81. 

2.  A  state  of  perspiration ;  sweat. 

Lakel.2  Fouk  at  sweets  a  lot  '11  say, '  Ah's  o'  in  a  hather.'    Cum.4 

3.  v.   To  drizzle,  rain  finely. 

s.Dur.  It  hadders  and  rains  (J.E.D.).  Lakel.2  Nay,  it'll  rain 
nin,  nut  it  marry  ;  it  may  hadder  a  bit.  Cum.  It  keeps  haddering 
and  raining,  SULLIVAN  Cum.  and  Wm.  (1857)  81 ;  Cum.1  It  hadders 
and  rains  on  ;  Cum.4  n.Yks.  It  hadders  and  roaks,  N.  &  Q. 
(1882)  6th  S.  v.  55. 

Hence  Heatheran,  sb.  a  heavy  mist.     Lakel.2 
HADDIE,  sb.    Sc.    Also  in  forms haadie  Ayr.;  haddag 
Cai.1 ;    haddo.      [ha'di.]          1.    The   haddock,   Morrhua 
aeglefinus;  also  used  a/Mb. 

Sc.  A  gill  of  brandy  ower  bread  after  the  baddies,  SCOTT 
Antiquary  (1816)  v  ;  Can  ye  tell  me,  minister,  how  mony  hooks  it 
taks  to  bait  a  fifteen  score  haddie  line?  DICKSON  Auld  Min. 
(1892)  132.  ne.Sc.  We're  nae  deein' muckle  at  the  baddies  eynoo 
ony  gate,  Gordonhaven  (1887)  76.  Cai.1  Per.  The  ale-wife's 
fairin — Ait  cakes,  saut  haddies,  and  red  herrin',  SPENCE  Poems 
(1898)  169.  w.Sc.  They  catch  speldings  an'  finnan  haddies  there, 
MACDONALD  Settlement  (1869)  99,  ed.  1877.  Ayr.  Haadies  and 
whiteys !  SERVICE  Dr.  Dtiguid  ied.  1887)  88.  Lnk.  Mr.  Sawdust 
then  came  up  to  them,  smiling  like  a  '  boilt  haddy,'  GORDON 
Pyolshaw  (1885)  133.  Lth.  Mussels  pickled  nice  wi'  broo  ;  And 
haddies  caller  at  last  carting,  MACNEILL  Poet.  Wks.  (1801)  171,  ed. 
1856.  Edb.  After  a  rizzard  haddo,  we  had  a  jug  of  toddy,  MOIR 
Mansie  Wauch  (1828)  xi.  Slk.  '  I,  for  one,  eat  no  fish  for  a 
twelvemonth.'  'Oh!  the  puir  harmless  haddies!'  CHR.  NORTH 
Nodes  (ed.  1856)  III.  219.  [SATCHELL  ,1879).] 

2.  Comp.  Haddo-breeks,  the  roe  of  the  haddock.     Rxb. 


HADDIGAUD,  see  Harry-gaud. 

HADDIN,  sb.  N.I.1  [ha'din.]  A  '  hallan  '  or  partition 
wall  in  a  cottage  facing  the  door. 

In  [it]  is  the  triangular  or  other  shaped  'spy-hole.' 

HADDISH,  sb.  Obsol.  Sc.  Also  in  form  haddies- 
Ags.  QAM.)  A  measure  of  any  dry  grain  ;  also  in  comp. 

Abd.  The  haddish  is  one-third  of  a  peck.  By  Decree  Arbitral — 
one  peck  of  meal  to  the  miller,  and  one  haddish  to  the  under- 
miller,  Proof  regarding  the  Mill  of  Inveramsay  (c.  1814)  (JAM.) ; 
According  to  others  a  fourth  of  a  peck  (JAM.V  Ags.  Formerly 
used  for  meting  out  the  meal  appropriated  for  supper  to  the 
servants.  It  contained  the  fourth  part  of  a  peck  (ib.*). 

HADDLE,  v.  Glo.  To  throw  out  shoots  from  the  root. 
Cf.  addle,  v?  4. 

In  March  they  are  again  grited,  and  sometimes  tumped,  or 
moulded  close  round,  to  make  them  haddie  out,  or  throw  forth 
side  shoots,  MARSHALL  Review  (1818)  II.  457. 

HADDLE,  HADDLIN,  HADDO,  see  Addle,  v.\  Head- 
land, Haddie. 

HADDOCK,  s*.1  Sc.  Also  Som.  Dev.  Cor.  Also  in 
form  haddick  Sh.I.  n.Dev.  Cor.;  haddik  Sh.I.  1.  In  comp. 
Haddock-sand,  grounds  much  frequented  by  haddocks. 

Sh.I.  If  da  Government  hed  been  mair  stricter  .  .  .  dey'd  been 
less  raikin'  o'  wir  haandlin'  grand  an  haddick  saands,  Sh.  News 
(Apr.  2,  1898") ;  A  galleon  belonging  to  the  famous  Spanish 
Armada,  which  sank  on  a  haddock-sand  near  Reawick  Head, 
HIBBERT  Desc.  Sh.  I.  (1822)  196,  ed.  1891  ;  The  moonbeams 
sparkled  on  the  waters  of  the  '  Haddik  Saand,'  BURGESS  Lowra 
Biglan  (1896)  23. 




2.  Phr.  as  deaf  as  a  haddock,  very  deaf.    Cf.  addick. 
w.Som.1  We  seldom  hear  '  deaf  as  a  post  '  or  any  other  than  '  so 

deef's  a  'addick.'  n.Dcv.  Tha'rt  so  deeve  as  a  haddick,  Exnt. 
Scold.  (1746)  1.  123.  Dev.,  Cor.  Common,  ELWORTHY  Wd-bk. 
(1888  .  Cor.  I  was  as  deef  as  a  haddick,  TREGELLAS  7a/«(i868)8. 

3.  A  term  of  contempt  for  any  one. 

Dmf.  The  most  insignificant  haddock  in  nature  —  a  dirty,  greasy, 
cockney  apprentice,  CARLYLE  Lett.  (1831). 

HADDOCK,  si.2  Irel.  Yks.  Also  written  haddok 
Wxf.1  1.  A  shock  of  corn  consisting  of  a  varying 
number  of  sheaves,  a  '  hattock.' 

Yks.  Ten  or  twelve  sheaves  set  upright  in  a  double  row,  MORTON 
Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863)  (s.v.  Stock)  ;  Of  six  sheaves  (G.R.).  ne.Yks.1 
Of  eight  sheaves.  Sometimes  distinguished  from  a  stock  by  not 
having  two  additional  sheaves  on  the  top  as  a  precaution  against 
rain.  m.Yks.'  Commonly  twelve. 

2.  pi.   Imperfectly  threshed  heads  of  corn  left  after  win- 
nowing.   Wxf.1 

HADDY-DADDY,  see  Hoddydoddy. 

HADE,  sb.1  Rut.  Lei.  Nhp.  War.  Wor.  Oxf.  Also  in 
forms  aid  Wor.  ;  haid  Lei.1  [ed.]  A  '  headland  '  or  strip 
of  land  at  the  side  of  an  arable  field  upon  which  the 
plough  turns. 

Rut.1  A  term  in  field  mensuration.  '  6  rodes  with  hades  at  both 
ends,  a  Landes  4  ro.  with  hades,'  Terrier  (1635).  Lei.1  Nhp.1 
A  small  piece  of  greensward  or  grass  at  the  head  or  end  of  arable 
land.  A  word  that  has  gradually  fallen  into  disuse,  since  the 
inclosure  of  open  fields.  War.  The  word  occurs  in  the  Holbech 
Estate  Book  (1770).  It  is  still  in  common  use  (A.L.M.).  Wor. 
(E.S.)  Oxf.  Obs.  The  description  of  certeine  arable  landcs  some 
of  them  havinge  hades  of  meadow  and  grasse  grounde  lieinge  in  the 
Southefielde  of  Einsham,  Map  (in  Corpus  Christ!  Coll.  Oxon,i6i5). 

Hence  Hade-ley,  a  '  headland.' 

War.  Item  one  other  section  of  land  called  a  hade  ley,  Terrier 
of  Fenny  Campion  Glebe  (1587)  ;  (A.L.M.)  Lei.1  The  upper  'land' 
in  a  grass  field,  the  lower  one  being  called  the  'foot-ley.'  Both 
as  a  rule  run  at  right  angles  to  the  rest  of  the  '  lands'  in  a  field. 
In  the  New  Close  a  hadley  and  footeleay  butting  north  and  south, 
the  Town  Hill  furlong  west,  the  Constable's  piece  east,  Terrier  of 
Claybrook  Glebe  (1638). 

[Horses  may  be  teddered  vpon  leys,  balkes,  or  hades, 
FITZHERBERT  Husb.  (1534)  15.  Norw.  dial,  hadd  (pi. 
haddir),  a  slope,  an  incline,  rising  ground,  esp.  on  the 
side  of  a  hayfield  (  AASEN,  s.v.  Hall)  ;  ON.  hallr,  a  slope, 
hill,  cp.  halla,  to  slope  (ViGFtissoN)  ;  OHG.  halden,  '  m- 
clinare'  (GRAFF).] 

HADE,  sb.2  and  v.     Nhb.  Dur.  Yks.  Stf.  Der.     Also 

written  haid  Nhb.  ;  and  in  form  aid  w.Yks.1  Stf.1    [h)ed.] 

L  sb.   Mining  term  :    the  slope  or  inclination  of  a  dike 

with  the  seam  in  a  coal-pit  ;  the  inclination  of  a  vein  of 

lead  or  ore,  a  sloping  vein. 

N.Cy.1  By  it  the  character  of  a  trouble  is  determined.  Nhb.  The 
haids  of  the  several  Slip  Dykes  .  .  .  were  ascertained,  BUDDLE 
Trans.  Nat.  Hist.  Soc.  Nhb.  and  Dur.  (1831)  I.  236;  Nhb.1  Nhb., 
Dur.  The  slope  or  inclination  of  the  leader  of  a  dyke,  GREEN  WELL 
Coal  Tr.  Gl.  (1849).  w.Yks.  BAINES  Yks.  Past  (1870)  20;  w.Yks.1 
A  lodge  or  vein  going  downwards,  N.  or  S.  out  of  the  perpendicular 
line.  Stf.1  Der.  MANLOVE  Lead  Mines  (1653)  Gl-  !  £»g-  Gl- 
Mining  Terms  (1830). 
2.  v.  Of  a  vein  of  ore  :  to  incline,  dip. 

w.Yks.  BAINES  Yks.  Past  (1870)  22  ;  (T.T.)  Der.  MAWE 
Mineralogy  (1802)  Gl.  ;  Veins  upon  an  east  and  west  point  generally 
hade  or  slope  towards  the  south  and  north  ;  and  south  veins 
towards  the  west,  MANDER  Miners  Gl.  (1834)  ;  Where  any  shaft 
or  turn  descends  like  the  side  of  a  house  or  like  the  descent  of  a 
steep  hill  it  is  said  to  hade,  TAPPING  Gl.  to  Manlove  (1851). 

Hence  Hading,  sb.  a  sloping  vein. 

Der.  MANDER  Miners  Gl.    1824).     nw.Der.1 

[1.  The  same  word  as  Hade,  sb.1] 

HADE,  see  Heed,  Hide,  v.2 

HADEN,  adj.  Obs.  Yks.  w.Cy.  Also  in  forms  headen, 
heiden  w.Yks.  Obstinate,  headstrong  ;  ugly.  Cf.  heady. 

w.Yks.  HUTTON  Tour  to  Caves  (1781).    w.Cy.  (HALL.)    [GROSE 

HADES,  sb.    e.Lan.1    A  place  between  or  behind  hills 
and  out  of  sight.    Cf.  hade,  sb.1 
HADGE-,  see  Hedge-. 
HADICK,  sb.    Shi    A  hat.    (Coll.  L.L.B.) 

HAE,  HAED,  HAEF,  see  Have,  How,  adv.,  Haet,  Half. 

HAEG,  HAEL,  see  Hag,  s*.2,  Hale,  adj. 

HAELTY,  adv.  Sh.I.  In  phr.  ill  haelty  eetim,  nothing 
whatever, '  deil  a  thing.' 

Da  men  is  aye  best  aff,  haelty  ill  eetim  dey  hae  ta  dU  bit  tak  aft 
der  kjaep  [cap],  an'  set  dem  til,  Sfi.  News  (Sept.  3,  1898) ;  Common 

HAEM,  HAEMILT,  see  Hame,  sb.1,  Hamald. 

HAEMONY,  sb.  Glo.  The  lemon-scented  agrimony, 
Agritnonia  Eupatoria. 

It  is,  I  believe,  sold  to  this  day  in  Bristol  market  under  the 
name  of  Haemony,  Monthly  Pckt.  (1863)  V.  467  in  (B.  &  H.). 

HAEN,  see  Hain,  v.1 

HAENKS,  v.    Sh.I.    [henks-1     With  up  :  to  hitch  or 

pull  up. 

I  haenksd  up  me  breeks — dis  laskit  strops  is  a  curse,  whin  a  body 
is  carryin'  a  burdeen,  Sh.  News  (June  4,  1898  . 

HAERST,  HAESTIS,  see  Harvest,  Hastis. 

HAET,  vbl.  phr.  and  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  n.Cy.  Amer.  Also 
written  hait  Sc.  N.I.1 ;  hate  Sc.  s.Don. ;  and  in  forms 
haed  Sc. ;  haeit  Sh.I. ;  haid  Sc.  (JAM.)  ;  head  e.Fif. 

1.  vbl.  phr. :  Deil  haet,  the  Devil  have  it !  Fiend  had,  the 
Fiend  have  it !  used  as  a  strong  negative,  equivalent  to 
'  Devil  a  bit.' 

Sc.  Diel  haet  o'  me  kens,  SCOTT  Midlothian  (1818)  xvi.  Sh.I. 
Da  deil  haeit  ye  got  for  a  second  cup  but  da  sam'  as  wal  wattir, 
Sh.  News  (Feb.  12,  1898).  Frf.  [He]  swore  the  ficnt  haed  mair 
He'd  draw  that  day,  MORISON  Poems  (1790!  18.  Per.  Wi'  deil 
haet  but  a  tongue  an'  slavers  To  start  anew  on,  HALIBURTON 
Ochil  Idylls  (1891)  89.  Fif.  For  de'il  haet  mair  hae  I  to  say, 
TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  103.  e.Fif.  Stanes.  statics!  and  scraps 
o'  auld  eiron  !  feint  head  else,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (,1864)  v.  Ayr. 
It  was  sae  blunt,  Fient  haet  o't  wad  hae  pierc'd  the  heart,  BURNS 
Doctor  Horttboot  (.1785)  st.  17.  Lnk.  Fint  hate  ye  gie  them  but 
wee  pickles  o'  pease-meal,  GRAHAM  Writings  ,'883)  II.  227. 
Edb.  Deil  hait  we  do  will  e'er  content  them  !  MACNEILL  Bygone 
Times  (1811)  17.  Feb.  On  holidays  ye  did  me  ride  For  deil  hate 
else  but  shew,  AFFLECK  Poet.  Wks.  (18361  60.  Rxb.  De'il  haet 
was  left  but  runts  an'  stibble,  RUICKBIE  Wayside  Cottager  (1807) 
108.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll.  L.L.B.") 

2.  sb.    Phr.  Deil  a  haet.  Fient  a  haet,  Deuce  a  haet,  Devil 
a  bit. 

Abd.  Some  thousan'  pounds,  for  fint  a  hait,  Is  nae  bad  notion, 
COCK  Strains  (1810)  II.  90.  Rnf.  The  deuce  a  haet  they  could  be 
call'd  But  words  and  rhyme,  M'GILVRAY  Poems  ^ed.  18621  160. 
Lnk.  The  deil  a  hate  o'  wark  she's  done  the  day,  BLACK  Falls  of 
Clyde  (1806)  173.  Lth.  Fient  the  haet  o'  them  was  soun',  SMITH 
Merry  Bridal  (1866)  12.  Slk.  Feint  a  haet  he  minds,  HOGG  Talcs 
(1838)  363,  ed.  1866.  N.I.1 

3.  A  whit,  atom,  anything,  the  smallest  thing  that  can  be 
conceived,  gen.  in  negative  sentences. 

Inv.  '  That  s  a  haet,'  it  is  of  no  consequence.  Used  csp.  in  a 
contemptuous  sense  (H.E.FV.  Kcb.  What  haet  cared  they  for 
fortune's  gifts  ?  ELDER  Borgtit  (1897)  Io'  Uls.  I  haven't  a  haet. 
I  didn't  do  a  haet  i^M.B.-S.  .  s.Don.  Half-penny  worth;  a  small 
quantity,  SIMMONS  Gl.  (1890).  [Amer.  Didn't  get  a  hate,  Dial. 
Notes  ( 1896)  I.  389.  ] 

4.  Phr.  (i)  haid  nor  maid,  nothing  at  all  ;  (2)  neither  ocht 
nor  hale,  neither  one  thing  nor  another. 

(i)  Ags.  Used  to  denote  extreme  poverty.  'There  is  neither 
haid  nor  maid  in  the  house  '  (JAM.),  (a)  Sc.  (ib.} 

HAEV,  sb.  Cai.1  A  small  hand-basket  used  by  fisher- 
men to  carry  bait. 

[Norw.  dial,  haav,  a  fisherman's  basket  (AASEN).] 

HAEVER,  see  Eaver,  sb.' 

HAFER,  v.  Suf.1  To  act  or  speak  in  an  unsettled,  un- 
steady manner  from  love  or  idleness,  not  necessarily  from 
immorality.  Gen.  in  prp.  '  A  go  haferen  about.' 

HAFER,  HAF(F,  see  Halver,  Haaf,  sb.1 

HAFFANT,  sb.  Sh.I.  Also  in  form  haffin.  A  para- 
mour. S.  &  Ork.1 

HAFFER,  v.1  e.Yks.1  To  speak  stammeringly  or 
hesitatingly.  Cf.  baffle,  haver,  v.1 

HAFFER,  v."  Som.  Also  written  halfer.  [a'fa(r).] 
To  make  a  noise  like  the  bursting  of  a  pod. 

She  told  me  that  [formerly]  the  youth  of  both  sexes  used 
to  assemble  under  the  tree  [Glastonbury  Thorn]  at  midnight  on 
Christmas  Eve,  in  order  to  hear  the  bursting  of  the  buds,  .  .  and 



she  added,  'As  they  corned  out,  you  could  hear  'um  naffer,' 
N.  ff  Q.  (1866)  3rd  S.  ix.  34.  n.Som.  As  they  [buds]  corned  out 
you  could  hear'um  halfer,  TIMES  Thoughts  for  Times  and  Seasons,  9. 

HAFFER,  see  Halver. 

HAFFET,  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Also  written 
haffat  Abd. ;  haffit  Sc.  S.  &  Ork.1  Nhb.  [ha'fat,  -it.] 

1.  The  temple  ;  side  of  the  face ;  gen.  in  pi.  •  also  used  attrib. 
Sc.  The  grey  locks  that  straggled  .  .  .  down  his  weather-beaten 

'  haffets,'  SCOTT  Midlothian  (1818)  xlii.  Sh.I.  Da  first  ane  o'  da 
tribe  o"  dem  'at  male's  for  dark'nin'  wir  door,  sail  geng  oot  wi' 
haet  haffits,  Sh.  News  (Mar.  5,  1898).  S.  &  Ork.1  Elg.  Guldroch's 
cleuks  Your  haffits  weel  will  claw,  COUPER  Poetry  (1804)  II.  70. 
Abd.  Her  hand  she  had  upon  her  haffat  laid,  Ross  Helenore  (1768) 
27,  cd.  1812.  Per.  Men  bow'd  wi'  toil  an'  age — wi'  haffets  auld 
an'  thin,  NICOLL  Poems  (ed.  1843)  226.  Dmb.  Your  haffits  dressing 
clout  for  clout,  SALMON  Gowodean  (i868~)  78.  Kcd.  Wi'  haffet  locks 
as  white  's  a  daisy,  BURNESS  Garron  Ha'  (c.  1826)  1.  10.  Rnf. 
And  screed  till  the  sweat  fa'  in  beads  frae  his  haffet,  TANNAHILL 
Poems  (1807)  257,  ed.  1817.  Lnk.  Her  haffet  locks  hang  waving 
on  her  cheek,  RAMSAY  Gentle  Shep.  (1725)  23,  ed.  1783.  Lth. 
Dark  wave  her  haffet  locks  owre  her  white  brow,  MACNEILL 
Poet.  Wks.  (1801)  212,  ed.  1856.  Edb.  A  runkled  brow,  sunburnt 
haffits,  and  two  sharp  piercing  eyes,  MOIR  Mansie  Wauch  (1828) 
xx.  Bwk.  Set  the  stoor  about  your  haffets,  HENDERSON  Pop. 
Rhymes  (1856)  79.  Dmf.  O  haffet  locks  look  weel  whan 
they're  bleach'd  like  the  snaw,  CROMEK  Remains  (1810)  116. 
Gall.  Mess  Hairry  .  .  .  had  keeled  ower  Black  Coskery  wi'  ae 
stroke  o'  his  oak  clickie  on  the  haffets,  CROCKETT  Standard  Bearer 
(1893)  124.  Kcb.  Whase  haffet  a  Kilmarnock  hood  Kept  warm 
an"  snug,  DAVIDSON  Seasons  (1789)  64.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll. 
L.L.B.)  ;  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1,  Cum.*  Wm.&  Cum.1  Seylin  sweats  their 
haffets  bathe,  172. 

Hence  Haffet-clawing,  vbl.  sb.  face-scratching. 

Lnk.  The  fierce  haffet-clawin  o'  an  enraged  woman,  MURDOCH 
Readings  (ed.  1895)  I.  121. 

2.  pi.    Locks  of  hair,  gen.  growing  on  the  temples. 

Abd.  Haffets  whiter  than  the  snaw  Down  ower  yer  happy 
temples  thinly  fa',  STILL  Cottar's  Sunday  (1845)  159.  Frf.  The 
carle  .  .  .  Wi'  his  haffets  as  white  as  the  snaw.  WATT  Poet. 
Sketches  (1880)  115.  Fif.  Your  haffets  white  an'  a'  that,  DOUGLAS 
Poems  (1806)  169.  Ayr.  His  lyart  haffets  wearing  thin  an'  bare, 
BURNS  Cotter's  Sat.  Night  (1785)  st.  12.  Slk.  Time  had  now 
grizzled  his  haffets  wi'  snaw,  HOGG  Poems  (ed.  1865)  67.  Rxb. 
Till  the  arm  waxes  weak  and  the  haffet  grows  grey,  RIDDELL  Poet. 
Wks.  (1871)  I.  118.  N.I.1 

3.  pi.    The  jaws  ;  the  under-sides  of  the  jaw. 

Nhb.  The  lugs  o'  hippocrissy  hingin  owor  thor  haffits,  CHATER 
Tyneside  Aim.  (1869)  46;  Nhb.1 

4.  Phr.  (i)  I'll  gie  you  a  haffit,  and  P II  scum  your  chafts  to 
you,  I  will  give  you  a  blow  on  the  cheek;  (2)  I'll  take  my  hand 
from  your  haffet,  I  will  give  you  a  blow  on  the  cheek  ;  (3) 
to  kaim  down  one's  haffits,  to  give  one  a  complete  drubbing. 

(i)  Lth.  (JAM.)  (2)  Sc.  KELLY  Prov.  (1721)  396.  (3)  Abd.  Then 
they  may  Gallia's  braggers  trim,  An'  down  their  haffits  kaim, 
TARRAS  Poems  (1804)  139  (JAM.). 

[1.  Wnfreindlie  eild  had  thus  besprent  My  heid  and 
halfettis  baith  with  camus  hair,  DOUGLAS  Eneados  (1513), 
ed.  1874,  ii.  248.  OE.  healfluafod,  the  front  part  of  the 
head  (^LLFRIC).] 

HAFFICK,  sb.    Sus.    Tangle,  confusion,  rubbish,  litter. 

Bricklayers  use  the  word  in  connection  with  the  rubbish  or 
litter  lying  about.  '  What  a  haffick  you  are  making."  '  We  must 
clear  away  the  haffick' (F.W.L.)  ;  (E.E.S.)  ;  Not  often  heard  now. 
An  old  gardener  looking  at  a  flower-border  said,  '  Here's  fire  an' 
all  ofahaffic'  (G.A.W.). 

HAFFIGRAPH,  sb.  Obs.  n.Yks.2  Also  written 
halfigraph.  Half  the  breadth  of  an  engraved  line. 

'  It  came  to  an  haffigraph,'  within  a  hair  of  the  quantity  required. 

HAFFINS,  see  Halflins. 

HAFFLE,  sb.  Nhb.  [ha-fl.]  A  rag  tied  round  an  injured 
finger  ;  a  finger-poke.  Cf.  hovel,  so.2 

A  finger-glove  used  to  protect  a  quarryman's  skin.  Also  used 
by  stone-wallers  (G.M.)  ;  Nhb.1 

HAFFLE,  v.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan.  Chs. 
Der.  Not.  Nrf.  Also  in  forms  hawfle  n.Yks.2  ;  heffle 
Dur.  Cum.14  Wm. ;  hiffle  Cum.14  [h)a'fl,  he'fl.]  1.  To 
hesitate,  speak  confusedly,  falter,  stammer;  to  prevaricate, 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790);    N.Cy.1     Nhb.  He  vvis  hafflin  (R.O.H.). 

s.Dur.  He  heffied  an'  talked  an'  could  git  nowt  out  (J.E.D.). 
Cum.  I's  tryin  to  hiffle  oot  o'  nowt,  GWORDIE  GREENUP  Anudder 
Batch  (1873)  7  ;  Cum.14  Wm.  It's  nea  use  hafflin  en  leein  aboot  it, 
TAYLOR  Sketches  (1882)  13  ;  'What  are  you  heflin  about? '  when 
a  person  does  not  get  on  with  their  work  (A.T.).  n.Yks.12; 
n.Yks.4  Deean't  haffle  leyke  that,  bud  speeak  plain.  He  awlus 
haffles  on  that  mich,  whahl  neeabody  ho'ds  ti  owthesez.  m.Yks.1 
w.  Yks.  Thow'lt  haffle  and  jest  while  fowk  pine  to  death.  SNOWDEN 
Web  of  Weaver  (1896;  46.  Lan.  He  haffled  at  that,  WALKDEN 
Diary  (ed.  1866)  113.  n.Lan.1,  ne.Lan.'  Chs.1 ;  Chs.3  Haffle,  and 
yore  dun  for.  Der.',  Not.  (J.H.B.) 

Hence  (i)  Haffle,  sb.  hesitation  ;  (2)  Raffling,  sb.  con- 
fused talk;  (3)  Haffling,/)//.  adj.,  (4)  Haffly,  adj.  hesitating, 
indecisive ;  prevaricating. 

(i)  Lan.  Becose  thou's  no  'casion  t'mak  any  haffle  about  it, 
BRIERLEY  Waverlow  (1863)  85,  ed.  1884.  (2)  N.Cy.1  Cum.Asteed 
a  payan  om  meh,  adoot  enny  mair  hifflin,  SARGISSON  Joe  Scoap 
(1881)  no.  Wm.  After  a  full  four  hoors  wer  spent  I'  hifflin,  hafflin 
— shifflin  shafflin  ...  I  nailt  him  at  last,  Spec.  Dial.  (1872)  pt.  i.  43. 
(3)  n.Yks.2  w.Yks.  He's  a  haffling  speyker  (J.B.).  Lan.1  We'll 
ha'  noan  o'  thi  hafflin'  wark  here.  (4)  n.Yks.  He's  nobbut  a  haffly 
talker  (I.W.). 

2.  Comb,  (i)  Haffle-caffle,  to  falter,  vacillate,  act  with  in- 
decision.  w.Yks.2 ;    (2)    -maffle,  to   speak   unintelligibly, 
stammer.    w.Yks.1 

3.  Phr.  (i)  haffle  and  caffle,  to  shilly-shally ;  (2)  haffling 
and  jaffling,  chattering,  gossiping;    (3)  — shqffling,  con- 
fused, prevaricating. 

1.1)  nw.Der.1  Not.  The  doctor,  he  haffled  and  caffled,  he  didn't 
rightly  know  what  war  wrong  wi'  her  himself  (L.C.M.)  ;  Not.1  (2) 
Nrf.  The  goodwife  may  be  'haffling  and  jaffling'  with  a  neigh- 
bour, RYE  Hist.  Nrf.  (1885)  xv.  (3)  w.Yks.  I  make  nought  of  haffling 
and  snaffling  tales  that  keep  part  back,  SNOWDEN  Web  of  Weaver 
(1896)  i  ;  What  are  to  afflin'  an'  shafflin'  abaht ;  get  forrad  wi' 
thi  teol  (J.R.).  Chs.1 

4.  Of  a  horse  :  when  pawing  the  ground. 
Der.1  Ee  aaf'lz  uliing(g'  [he  haffles  along], 

[1.  Du.  haffclen,  to  fumble,  to  dawdle  ;  to  mumble  ;  also 
used  of  old  people  whoeat  their  food  with  difficulty  (BEETS).] 

HAFFLIN,  sb.  Sc.  Also  in  form  halflin  Abd.  QAM.) 
A  plane  used  by  carpenters. 

Sc.  Still  in  use.  It  is  in  size  between  the  hand-plane  and  the 
large  finishing  plane  (G.W.  ;  (JAM.)  Abd.  The  plane  that  is  used 
after  the  '  Scrub  '  or  '  Foreplane  '  and  before  the  '  Jointer  '  (»6.). 

HAFFLING,  see  Halfling. 

HAFT,  sb.1  and  v.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng. 
Also  in  forms  hart  Hmp.  w.Som.1  nw.Dev.1;  heft  Sc. 
QAM.)  S.  &  Ork.1  Cai.1  Nhb.1  Dur.1  Cum.14  Wm.  n.Yks.14 
n.Lan.1  Not.1  Lin.1  n.Lin.1  sw.Lin.1  Nhp.1  Bdf.  e.An.1  Suf.1 
Hmp.1  [h)aft,  aeft,  h)eft]  1.  sb.  A  handle,  esp.  of  a 
knife  or  small  tool. 

Sc.  Cripple  Archy  .  .  .  strak  like  a  Turk  wi'  the  heft  o'  a  hammer, 
MS.  Poem  (JAM.).  Sh.I.  Turnin'  a  pancake  wi'  da  heft  o'  a  iron 
spune,  Sh.  News  (Apr.  2,  1898;.  S.  &  Ork.1,  Cai.1  Ayr.  As 
muckle  ...  as  wou'd  made  a  heft  to  a  kail  gully,  AINSLIE 
Land  of  Burns  (ed.  1892)  78.  Ant.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.) 
N.Cy.1  Nhb.  '  Frae  the  sword,  the  heuk  heft,  and  the  gallace  may 
the  Lord  deliver  us ! '  viz.  from  war,  shearing,  and  the  gallows, 
DIXON  WfeY/j'wgVmw  £We  (1895)  277.  Dur.1,  Cum.14  Wm.  Theear's 
a  heft  ta  put  te  bleead  in,  CLARKE  Jonny  Shippards  Journa  (ed. 
1870  15  ;  As  t'shapless  form  a  gully  waved  Wi'  bleudy  bleayde 
an  heft,  WHITEHEAD  Leg.  (1859)  14,  ed.  1896.  n.Yks.^;  n.Yks.4 
T'knife's  gitten  a  grand  heft  tul  't.  ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.  NICHOLSON 
Flk-Sp.  (1889)  65  ;  e.Yks.1,  w.Yks.=4,  n.Lan.1  Chs.1  Chs.  men 
neversay  ' handle,'  but  always  'haft.'  Not.1,  s.Not.(J.P.K.;,  n.Lin.1, 
sw.Lin.1,  s.Lin.  (T.H.R.)  Nhp.1  When  all  is  gone,  and  none  left, 
Turn  the  blade  into  the  heft.  s.Wor.  (H.K.),  Rdn.1,  Brks.1,  Bdf. 
(J.W.B.),e.An.>,  Saf.1,  Hmp.1  Som.  I  went  up  to  cut  a  straight . . . 
stick  for  a  good  haft,  RAYMOND  Men  o'  Mendip  (1898)  vii.  w.Som.1 
Thick  wid'n  be  a  bad  knive,  neef's  had  [if  thou  hadst]  a  new  hart 
an'anewblade  toun.  Haft  notso  common  as  hart.  Dev.1,  nw.Dev.1 

Hence  (i)  Hafted,///.  adj.  fitted  with  a  handle;  (2)  Heft, 
sb.,fig.  a  portion,  part ;  (3)  Heft-end,  sb.,fig.  the  beginning, 

(i)  Per.  Bra'  knives,  hafted  wi'  bane,  NICOL  Poems  (1766)  48. 
n.Cy.  (J.W.)  Dor.  All  the  broken-hafted  speades,  BARNES  Poems 
(1869-70)  67.  (2)  n.Yks.4  Thoo's  nobbut  gitten  a  heft  on  't,  sha's 
kept  t'main  on  t'back.  (3)  Sc.  Once  more  he  tackled  the  subject  by 
the  'heft  end,'  FORD  Thistledown  (1891)  in. 

c  a 




2.  Cotnp.  Heft-pipe,  a  temporary  handle  used  in  grinding 
razors  and  forks. 

w.Yks.  Bil  Heftpoip  [a  Sheffield  grinder],  BYWATER  Sheffield 
Dial.  (1839)  4. 

3.  The  right-hand  side  of  a  band  of  reapers.    Also  in 
phr.  haft  and  point,  the  outermost  party  on  each  side  in 
a  field  of  reapers. 

Sc.  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863).     Dmt  (JAM.) 

4.  Phr.  (i)  by  the  haft,  a  common  oath  ;  (2)  down  i"  fheft, 
weakly,  despondent,  '  down   in  the  mouth ' ;    (3)  dunna 
waste  afresh  haft  on  an  ould  blade,  don't  throw  good  money 
after  bad  ;  (4)  every  knife  of  his'n  has  a  golden  haft,  every- 
thing he  undertakes  turns  out  well ;  (5)  fulfilled  to  the  heft, 
fulfilled  thoroughly ;  (6)  heft  or  blade,  any  part ;  (7)  like 
heft  and  blade,  close  companions ;  (8)  loose  f  fneft,  dissolute, 
dishonest,  untrustworthy ;  (9)  to  be  done  to  fheft,  to  be  worn 
out  by  toil ;  (10)  to  have  both  heft  and  blade  to  hadd,  to  have 
things  entirely  under  one's  own  control ;  (n)  to  have  nee 
heft  fane's  hand,  to  be  unthrifty,  extravagant ;  (12)  to  hold 
one  in  the  heft,  to  be  a  match  for  one ;  (13)  to  stick  to  the 
haft,  not  to  desert. 

11)  nw.Der.1  [The  cross  of  the  sword-heft  or  handle  was 
frequently  sworn  by,  N.  V  Q.  (1899)  9th  S.  iv.  355.]  (a)  m.Yks.1 
(3,  4)  Chs.3  (5)  Ayr.  The  Scriptural  text  was  fulfilled  to  the  heft, 
LAING  Poems  (1894)  in.  (6)  Ayr.  He'll  not  get  either  heft  or 
blade  o'  my  vote  for  sic  a  trifle,  GALT  Lairds  (1826)  xxxiv.  (7) 
Kcd.  They  had  been  like  heft  an'  blade  The  feck  o'  baith  their 
lives,  GRANT  Lays  (1884)  56.  (8)  w.Yks.  Leeds  Merc.  Suppl.  (Feb. 
a,  1895).  w.Yks.2  He's  a  bit  loose  i'  t'heft !  (9)  w.Yks.1  (to) 
Abd.  (JAM.) ;  Ye  had,  In  your  ain  hand  to  hadd,  baith  heft  and 
blade,  Ross  Helenore  (.1768)  90,  ed.  1813.  (n)  Nhb.  (R.O.H.) 
(la)  w.Yks.1  (13)  Per.  The  Highland  Clans  stuck  to  the  haft, 
MONTEATH  Dunblane  (1835)  107,  ed.  1889. 

5.  v.   To  fit  with,  supply  with  ;  gen.  in  pass. 

S.  ft  Ork.1  n.Yks.  He  was  hefted  wl  plenty  o'  lads  (I.W.). 
nc.  Yks.1  e.Yks.1  Bill's  hefted  up  wi  munney.  Betty  hoose  is 
hefted  up  wl  muck,  MS.  add.  (T.H.) 

6.  To  hold  fast,  beset,  encumber  ;  pen.  in  pass. 

n.Yks.1  Ah  doo'ts  he'll  find  hissel'  sair  hefted  wiv  her  ;  n.Yks.2 
Hefted  with  a  large  family. 

[For  fig.  use  in  the  sense  of  a  pretext,  see  Heft,  sb.a\ 

HAFT,  sb*  Obs.  Stf.  A  little  island  or  raised  bank 
in  a  pond  on  which  water-fowl  build  their  nests. 

The  Hafts  or  Islands  in  thepooles,  PLOTS//.  ;i686)  232  ;  (K.); 

HAFT,  see  Heft,  sb.2,  v* 

HAFTER,  sb.     Obs.    N.Cy.2    A  wrangler,  caviller. 

[Vitilitigalor,  an  hafter,  a  wrangler,  a  quarreller,  GOULD- 
MAN  (1678)  ;  so  BARET  (1580).] 

HAFTY,  adj..  Cum.  Yks.  Also  in  form  hefty  Cum.4 
e.Yks.  [h)a'fti.l  Saucy,  pert;  handy,  active.  See  Haft,  sb.1 

Cum.4  n.Yks.  He's  hafty  at  his  work  (I.W.).  n.  &  e.Yks.  Still 
fairly  common  in  N.  &.  E.  Ridings  (R.S.).  e.Yks.  (Miss  A.) 

HAG,  sA.«  Sc.  n.Cy.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan.  War.  Glo.  Ken. 
Sur.  Sus.  I.W.  Wil.  Dor.  Som.  Dev.  Cor.  Also  in  forms 
haig  Cai.1 ;  heg  Ken.1  [h)ag,  aeg.]  1.  An  evil  spirit  or 
infernal  being  in  female  form  ;  also  applied  to  the  fairies 
or  pixies ;  a  witch. 

n.Yks.  (T.S.),  Ken.1,  I.W.',  w.Som.1 

Hence  Hagging,  vbl.  sb.  practising  the  arts  of  a  witch. 

2.  Comb,  (i)  Hag-begagged,  bewitched;  (2)  -bone,  the 
shoulder-bone  or  blade  of  a  sheep ;  (3)  -'s  pence,  old  coins 
found  in  the  ground  ;  (4)  -ride,  to  bewitch  ;  to  inflict  with 
nightmare ;  also  used  fig.  and  gen.  in  pp. ;  (5)  -stone,  a 
stone  with  a  hole  in  it,  used  as  a  charm  against  witches ; 
(6)  -track,  a  'fairy-ring'  or  circle  of  coarse  green  grass 
found  in  meadows  and  on  downs. 

(i)  Dev.  Thereaway,  every  land  save  feyther's  was  called  hag- 
bcgagged,  to  keep  us  childer  in  proper  bounds  belike,  MADOX- 
BROWN  Yeth-hounds  (1876)  353.  (.a)  Som.  Witches  were  believed 
to  ride  upon  these  and  consequently  it  was  necessary  to  burn 
them  (W.F.R.).  (3)  Ken."  (4)  Sc.  The  thought  of  the  dead  men 
hag-rode  my  spirits,  STEVENSON  Calriona  (1893)  iii.  Edb.  Hag-rid 
wi'  conscience,  gout,  an'  spleen,  LEARMONT  Poems  (1791)  58. 
n.Cy.  Denham  Tracts  (cd.  1895)  II.  86.  Sus.  This  unhappy  man, 
he  said,  was  hag-ridden,  HEATH  Eng.  Peas.  (1893)  191.  Sus.1, 

Wil.1  Dor.  Souls  above  us,  your  face  is  as  if  you'd  been  hag-rode, 
HARDY  7Vss(i89i)424,  ed.  1895  ;  Dor.1  The  nightmare  is  attributed 
to  the  supernatural  presence  of  a  witch  or  hag  by  whom  one  is 
ridden  in  sleep.  Som.  Abraham  was  hag-rod  every  night  of  his 
life  about  two  '  in  marnen,'  RAYMOND  Love  and  Quiet  Life  (1894) 
aos  ;  (W.F.R.)  w.Som.1  Also  applied  to  horses  which  often  break 
out  into  a  sweat  in  the  stable,  and  are  said  to  have  been  hag-rided, 
or  pixy-rided.  The  belief  is  quite  common  that  the  pixies  come  and 
ride  the  horses  round  the  stable  in  the  night.  Most  farm  stable- 
doors  have  a  rusty  horseshoe  nailed,  sometimes  to  the  threshold, 
generally  on  the  inside  of  the  lintel,  to  keep  off  the  pixies.  Dev. 
Hag-ridden,  entangled  (HALL.).  Cor.  There  was  the  Vicar  with 
inflated  cheeks  and  a  hag-ridden  stare,  '  Q.'  Troy  Town  (1888)  ix. 

(5)  Lan.  A  hag-stone,  penetrated  with  a  hole,  and  attached  to  the 
key  of  the  stable,  preserved  the  horse  from  being  ridden  by  the 
witch,  HARLAND  &  WILKINSON  Flk-Lore  (1867)  72;  THORNBER 
Hist.  Blackpool  (1837    too;  A  hag-stone  with  a  hole  through,  tied 
to  the  key  of  the  stable-door,  protects  the  horses,  and  if  hung  up 
at  the  bed's  head,  the  farmer  also,  A'.  &>  Q.  (1851)  ist  S.  iii.  56. 

(6)  Sur.  Many  a  large  '  ring  '  or '  hag-track  '  may  be  seen  in  lonely 
spots,  JENNINGS  Field  Paths  (1884)  67.     Sus.   Most  interesting 
objects  .  .  .  upon  the  South  Downs  are  the  numerous  fairy-rings 
or  '  hag-tracks,'  LOWER  South  Downs  (1854)  154  ;  Sus.1  Supposed 
to  be  tracks  of  hags  or  witches  who  have  danced  there  at  night. 

3.  Fig.  A  violent,  ill-tempered  woman,  a  scold  ;  an  ugly, 
dirty  woman.  Cai.1,  Lan.  (S.W.),  War.2,  Glo.1 

[1.  Blue  meagre  hag,  or  stubborn  unlaid  ghost,  MILTON 
Coinus  (1634)  434.] 

HAG,  sb*  n.Cy.  Yks.  Lan.  Chs.  Der.  Brks.  Bck.  Hrt. 
Ken.  Sus.  Hmp.  I.W.  Som.  Dev.  Also  in  forms  aag 
w.Yks.;  ag-  Brks.1  Sus.1;  aga  Ken.  Hmp.  Wil.;  agg 
Bck.  ;  aght  Dev. ;  ague  Chs.3 ;  aig,  haag  w.Yks. ; 
haeg  w.Yks.  Chs.;  haga  I.W. ;  hagga  Brks.1;  haghe 
n.Cy.  w.Yks.3  Der.1  nw.Der.1 ;  hague  w.Yks.1  Lan.1 
ne.Lan.1  Chs.1 ;  haig  w.Yks.45  Lan.1  e.Lan.1  Chs.1 ;  haigh 
w.Yks.28;  hoeg  Chs.3  [eg,  esg,  aeg.]  1.  A  haw,  the 
fruit  of  the  hawthorn,  Crataegus  Oxyacantha ;  gen.  in  pi. 
Also  in  cornp.  Hag-berry. 

n.Cy.  BAILEY  (1721).  w.Yks.  Us  lads  kept  blawin'  aags  at  one 
another,  Leeds  Merc.  Suppl.  (Apr.  4,  1891);  Getting  stuff  to  cat 
— haegsand  epps,SNOWDEN  WebofWeaver  ^1896)  6;  w.Yks.12345, 
Lan.  (S.W.',  Lan.',  ne.Lan.1,  e.Lan.1  Chs.  Science  Gossip  (1865) 
198;  Chs.13,  Der.1,  nw.Der.1  Brks.  Gl.  (1852);  Brks.1,  Ken. 
(W.H.E.1,  Hmp.  (J.R.W.),  (W.H.E.),  Hmp.1,  Wil.  (W.H.E.), 
I.W.  (B.  &  H.)  Dev.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.)  [RAY  (1691).] 
Hence  (i)  Agarves  (?  Hag-haws),  (2)  Agasses  or 
Hagasses,  (3)  Agogs,  sb.  pi.  haws,  the  fruit  of  the  haw- 
thorn ;  (4)  Haggises,  sb.  pi.  hips,  the  fruit  of  the  dog-rose, 
Rosa  canina. 

(i)  Sus.1  ia)Sus.  (R.P.C.),  Hmp.  (J.R.W.)  (3)  Brks.1  (4) 

2.  The  hawthorn,  Crataegus  Oxyacantha.     Lan.1 

3.  Comp.   (i)   Hag-blossom,  the  blossom  of  the   haw- 
thorn ;    (2)  -bush,   the   hawthorn  ;    (3)  -leaf,    (4)  -paper, 
the  great  mullein,  Verbascum   Thapsus;  (5)  -rope(s,  the 
wild  clematis,  Clematis   Vitalba ;  (6)  -taper,  see  (4) ;  (7) 
•thorn,  (8)  -tree,  see  (2). 

(i)  w.Yks.  (D.L.)  Lan.  Wilt  ha'  this  bit  o'  hague-blossom  ? 
BRIERLEY  Irkdale  1,1865)  iv.  (a)  w.Yks.  (S.P.U.)  (3,  4)  Bck. 
Science  Gossip  (1869)  a6.  (5)  Som.  N.  &  Q.  (1877)  5th  S.  viii. 
358  ;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873 ...  w-Som.1  (6)  Hrt.  ELLIS  New  Experiments 
(1750)33.  (7)  w.Som.1,  Dev.4  (8)  w.Yks.  (S.P.U.) 

[1.  A  form  of  lit.  E.  haw,  OE.  haga,  the  fruit  of  the 
hawthorn  ;  cp.  LG.  hagdoorn,  '  Crataegus  oxyacantha ' 

HAG,  sb*  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Yks.  Also  Cor.  [h)ag,  aeg.] 
A  thick  white  mist  or  fog. 

N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Gent.  Mag.  (1794),  ed.  Gommc  ;  Nhb.1,  Wm.  (J.H.) 
n.Yks.  A  frost  hag  (T.S.) ;  n.Yks.1  Such  as  sometimes  occurs 
coincidently  with  frost :  whence  frost  hag  ;  n.Yks.24,  m.Yks.1 ,  Cor.2 

Hence  Haggy,  adj.  misty  from  the  frost.    n.Yks.2 

HAG,  sb*  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Lan.  [h)ag.]  The  paunch, 
belly.  See  Haggis,  3. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Nhb.1  Lan.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.) ; 

HAG,  s6.8    ?  O*5.    Bdf.  Som.    Idle  disorder. 

Bdf.  You  have  got  the  hag,  BATCHELOR  Anal.  Eng.Lang.  (1809) 
136.  Som.  (HALL.) 




HAG,  v.1  and  sb.6  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks. 
Lan.  Der.  Not.  Lin.  Rut.  Lei.  Nhp.  War.  Wor.  Shr.  Brks. 
Htnp.  Wil.  Also  written  hagg  Sc.  War.  Shr.2 ;  and  in 
forms  ag  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  w.Yks.  Not.1;  agg  Brks.1  Hmp. 
Wil.1  [h)ag,  aeg.]  1.  v.  To  hew,  chop  ;  to  cut  down 
with  an  axe  ;  to  hack,  cut  clumsily  or  roughly. 

Sc.  That  chief  sin,  that  he  should  have  a  hand  in  bagging  and 
hashing  at  Christ's  kirk,  STEVENSON  Catriona  (1893)  xv.  Fif.  Wi' 
their  swords  them  hash't  and  hagget,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827) 
211.  Dmb.  I  doot  I've  haggit  the  feck  o'  my  chin  awa',  CROSS 
Disruption  (1844)  xiv.  Ayr.  Let  him  swurl  his  glaive  [sword]  wi' 
a'  his  micht,  and  hag  the  heid  o't  aff  at  ance,  SERVICE  Notandums 
(1890)  125.  Lnk.  They  may  hag  and  hew  my  body  as  they 
please,  WODROW  Ch.  Hist.  (1721)  IV.  112,  ed.  1828.  Gall.  The 
dragoons  are  .  .  .  haggin'  them  doon,  CROCKETT  Moss-Hags  (1895) 
iii.  N.I.1  I  hagged  a  wheen  o'  sticks.  Ant.  Ballymena  Obs. 
(1892).  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1,  Dur.1  Cum.  Begon  to  hag  his  way  through 
t'deurr,  DICKINSON  Lamplugh  (1856)  9;  (M.P.)  ;  Cum.3  T'oald 
tinkler  hoond  hed  hagg't  it  off  afooar  he  mead  a  fleeght  on't,  71. 
Wm.  He  teeak  it  intle  his  heead  it  heed  hagg  it  doon,  Spec.  Dial. 
(1877)  pt.  i.  25;  (M.P.)  n.Wm.  (B.K.),  s.Wm.  (J.A.B.),  n.Yks.3, 
m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  WILLAN  List  Wds.  (1811) ;  w.Yks.1  They  hagged 
a  nice  birk  for't  yusterneet,  ii.  290  ;  w.Yks.2,  ne.Lan.1  Not.1  Don't 
'ag  the  meat  that  road.  Lin.  STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes  (1884) 
334.  n.Lln.1  Doan't  hag  thy  meat  'e  that  how,  lad.  sw.Lin.1  Of 
woodmen  :' They  started  hagging  last  week.'  Nhp.1  \V&r.  B'ham 
Wkly.  Post  (June  10,  1893) ;  War.123,  Shr.2  Brks.1  What  be  at 
a-aggin  the  me-at  like  that  ther,  'twunt  go  hafe  zo  vur.  Hmp.1 
Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892) ;  Wil.1 

Hence  (i)  Hagger,  sb.  (a)  one  who  uses  a  hatchet,  one 
employed  to  fell  trees ;  (b)  a  coal-hewer ;  (2 )  Haggit, 
ppl.  adj.  notched,  jagged  ;  (3)  Hagman,  sb.  one  who  gains 
his  living  by  felling  and  selling  wood  ;  a  woodcutter. 

(i,  a)  Lnk.  (JAM.)  (b)  Cum.1  ;  Cum.4  It's  leyke  forty  thousand 
cwoal  naggers  at  wark  i'  me  inseyde,  W.  C.  T.  X.  (1894)  5,  col.  2. 
(2)  Sc.  The  rawzor  haggit  like  a  saw,  HISI.OP  Anecdote  (1874) 
223.  (3)  n.Sc.  (JAM.)  e.Sc.  That's  what  he  ca'd  his  hagman  last 
year,  SETOUN  R.  Urquhart  ^1896;  xix.  Yks.  Obs.  HONE  Table-bk. 
(1827)  8. 

2.  Phr.  (i)  to  hag  and  trail,  to  '  cut  and  carry,'  to  be  self- 
dependent,  to  do  everything  oneself;  (2)  —  at  a  thing,  to 
persevere,  labour,  work  away  at  a  thing  ;    (3)   —  rice, 
to   cut  brushwood  ;  fig.  to  do  anything  speedily,  make 
a  swift  clearance  of  anything. 

(i)  Lakel.2  A  man  mun  deea  o'  at  ivver  he  can  fer  hisself ;  he 
mun  hag-an'-trail  his  awn.  (2)  Cum.1  (3)  Cum.  '  Gaun  on  like  a 
man  haggin  rice,'  great  progress  made  in  a  short  time,  N.  &  Q. 
(1871)  5th  S.  ii.  71.  Cum.,  Wm.  '  Ga'un  on,  like  a  man  haggin' 
rice,'  was  sometimes  used  in  a  comic  way,  as  indicating  a  swift 
clearance  by  a  hungry  or  hasty  person  at  table  (M.P.). 

3.  Comp.  (i)   Hag-block,   (2)   -clog,    a   chopping-block, 
a  large  block  of  wood,  used  to  chop  firewood,  &c.  on  ;  a  part 
of  a  tree-stem ;    (3)    -iron   or  Haggon,   a  blacksmith's 
chisel ;  (4)  -stock,  see  (2). 

(r)  Wgt.  Hughie's  shop  was  well  stocked  with  visitors ;  so  much 
so  that  he  could  scarcely  get  the  use  of  his  hag-block,  FRASER 
Wigtown  (1877)  375-  (a)  Gall.  I  could  hear  him  at  the  hag-clog 
where  we  cut  the  branches  and  wood  into  billets  to  go  into  the 
great  fireplace,  CROCKETT  Raiders  (1894)  xxxv.  n.Cy.  HOLLOWAY. 
Cum.1  n.Wm.  Tak  it  ta  t'hag-clog  ta  chop  (B.K.).  n.Yks.124, 
m.Yks.1,  w.Yks.1  (3)  Rxb.  A  chisel  on  which  the  blacksmith  cuts 
off  the  nails  from  the  rod  or  piece  of  iron  of  which  they  are  made 
(JAM.).  w.Yks.2  An  inverted  chisel  which  a  blacksmith  puts  into 
his  anvil  when  he  wishes  to  cut  anything  off.  (4)  Lakel.2,  Cum.1, 
s.Wm.  (J.A.B.)  ne.Lan.1  As  foul  as  t'hagstock. 

4.  To  use  the  rake  in  haymaking  with  a  peculiar  sharp 
action.     Lei.1    Cf.  hack,  v.1  23. 

5.  Fig.   To  bungle,  mangle  any  business. 

Sc.  But  let  them  hag  and  hash  on,  for  they  will  make  no  cleanly 
work  neither  in  state  nor  church,  WALKER  Remark.  Passages 

(1727)  80  'JAM.). 

6.  sb.   A  stroke  with  a  sharp  and  heavy  instrument, 
a  hack  ;  a  notch,  mark  ;  esp.  in  phr.  to  give  the  hallen, 
or  post,  a 'hag,  to  make  a  mark  in   remembrance  of  a 
notable  eve'nt,  to  '  chalk  up '  an  event.    Cf.  hack,  sb.1  6. 

Ayr.  I'm  sure  the  post  should  get  a  hag  when  we  hear  o*  him 
coming  wi'  hundreds  o'  pounds  in  his  pouch,  GALT  Entail  (1823) 
xxi.  Lnk.  '  He  may  strike  a  hag  i'  the  post,'  a  proverbial  phr. 
applied  to  one  who  has  been  very  fortunate  (JAM.).  Cum.  A  very 

complimentary  speech  to  a  rare  or  notable  visitor :  '  We  mun  give 
t'hallen  a  hag  as  ye're  cum't '  (M.P.). 

7.  A   clearing  or  cutting  down  of  timber ;  a  cutting  in 
a  wood. 

N.Cy.1  Nhb.  The  number  of  trees  in  the  oak  wood  have  been 
considerably  diminished.  A  great  hag  in  1802-3  thinned  them, 
H\KD\  Hist.  Bwk.  Naiur.Clnb,\ll\.  401;  (R.O.H.);  Nhb.1,  Cum. 

8.  An  allotment  of  timber  for  felling,  a  certain  portion  of 
wood  marked  off  to  be  cut  down. 

Sc.  The  derk  hag,  which  had  somewhat  puzzled  him  in  the 
butler's  account  of  his  master's  avocations,  .  .  was  simply  a 
portion  of  oak  copse  which  was  to  be  felled  that  day,  SCOTT 
Waverley  (1814)  x ;  There  is  to  be  exposed  for  sale  by  public  roup, 
— a  hag  of  wood,  consisting  of  oak,  beech  and  birch,  all  in  one  lot, 
Edb.  Even.  Courant  (Mar.  26,  1803)  (JAM.).  Cld.  Woods  that  are 
extensive  are  divided  into  separate  lots  called  hags,  one  of  which 
is  appointed  to  be  cut  annually,  Agric.  Surv.  137  («ft.\  Dmb. 
They  [the  oak  woods]  are  of  such  extent  as  to  admit  of  their  being 
properly  divided  into  20  separate  hags  or  parts,  one  of  which  may 
be  cut  every  year,  Statist.  Ace.  XVII.  244  (ib.).  Nhb.1,  ne.Lan.1 
War.  The  separate  portions  [of  a  fall  of  timber]  so  divided  are 
called  each  man's  hagg,  BAKER  Gl.  (1854).  Shr.1  When  a  wood 
is  to  be  cut  down,  a  number  of  men  range  themselves  at  the  edge 
of  the  wood  at  about  forty  yards  apart,  then  they  start,  proceeding 
in  straight  lines  through  the  wood,  hewing  down  the  underwood, 
and  hacking  the  outer  bark  of  the  trees  with  their  '  hackers'  as 
they  go  along  ;  shouting  to  each  other  in  the  meanwhile,  in  order 
to  keep  their  respective  distances,  till  they  reach  the  farther  limit. 
The  lines  thus  cleared  form  the  boundaries  of  the  hag  apportioned 
to  each  man  to  fell ;  Shr.2 

9.  A  lot  of  about  100  ash  or  willow  poles. 

War.4  The  ould  Colonel,  he  got  50  hags  of  poles  off  a  quarter 
acre,  and  sold  them  for  three  pounds  a  hag. 

10.  Brushwood,  hedge,  low  bushy  wood  cut  for  firewood. 
Sc.  The  lesser  branches  used  for  fire-wood  after  the  trees  are 

felled  for  carpentering,  sometimes  Auld  hag  (JAM.)  ;  Give  me  some 
of  that  hag,  MILLER  My  Schools  (1879)  iv.  Frf.  The  fresh  young 
sprouts,  that  took  the  place  of  the  old  tangled  '  hagg,'  after  the 
purifying  flames  had  passed  over  it,  INGLIS  Ain  Flk.  (1895)  15. 
ne.Yks.1  Wor.  In  common  use  in  connexion  with  the  divisions  of 
underwood,  N.  <&>  Q.  (1887^  7th  S.  iii.  35. 

Hence  (i)  Hag-road,  (2)  -way,  sb.  a  path  or  way  cut 
through  the  undergrowth  of  a  wood. 

(i)  Der.  We  mun  cut  a  hag-rooad  thro  t'underbrush,  maister, 
N-  <&°  Q-  (l878)  5th  S.  ix.  515.  (2)  s.Lin.  Used  by  keepers,  beaters, 
and  sportsmen  to  signify  the  narrow  winding  paths  that  are  cut 
through  the  undergrowth  of  a  wood  to  allow  the  shooters  to  get 
at  the  game,  ib.  (1886)  7th  S.  ii.  366.  Rut.  ib.  (1878)  5th  S.  ix. 
68 ;  Rut.1  Used  by  the  beaters  when  engaged  in  driving  game. 

11.  Comp.   (i)  Hag-snar(e,  the  stub  left  in  the  ground 
from   which  coppice-wood  has  been  cut;    the  stump  of 
a  tree ;  (2)  -staff,  a  rod  used  to  mark  the  boundary  of  a 
fall  of  timber  ;  (3)  -wood,  a  copse  or  wood  fitted  for  having 
a  regular  cutting  of  trees  in  it. 

(i)  n.Yks.124  ne.Yks.1  At  Linton-on-Ousc  there  are  two 
contiguous  fields  called  'T'hag'  and  •  Snahry  clooas.'  e.Yks. 
MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1796)  II.  324.  n.Lin.1  The  perpendicular 
end  or  stump  of  the  thorn  at  the  surface  of  the  ground  after  the 
upper  portion  has  been  partially  divided  and  laid  horizontally. 
(2)  ne.Lan.1  War.  BAKER  Gl.  (1854).  (3)  Bwk.  Ancient  oak 
forests  .  .  .  which  have  grown  into  a  kind  of  copse,  or  what  is 
termed  in  Scotland  hag-woods,  Agric.  Surv.  334  (JAM.). 

12.  Phr.  clear  the  hag,  clear  all  out  of  the  way.      Gall. 
MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  251,  ed.  1876. 

[1.  Degrader  une  forest,  to  hagge,  or  fell  it  all  down, 
COTGR.  ;  pai  .  .  .  hurlit  jmrgh  the  hard  maile,  hagget  the 
lere,  Dest.  Troy  (c.  1400)  10023.  ON.  hoggva,  to  hew.] 

HAG,  v.2  Lin.  Hmp.  Dev.  [ag,  aeg.]  1.  To  pull, 
draw ;  to  drag  out. 

Lin.  (R.E.C.)  s.Lin.  Hag  your  money  out  (I.W.).  s.Hmp. 
Tripped  him  up  ...  wi'  hagging  at  a  rope,  VERNEY  L.  Lisle  (1870) 
xxv.  Dev.  Missis,  I've  abin  awver  tii  Mr.  Broom's,  an"  'ad  out  my 
tuthe,  an'  'e  hagged  til  'n  zo  I  thort  'e  'd  abroked  my  jaw,  HEWETT 
Peas.  Sp.  (1892). 
2.  To  rob,  take. 

Lin.  There  was  a  nest  there,  but  some  one  has  hagged  it  (R.E.C. ). 

HAG,  v?    Nhb.1    [hag.]    Of  the  moon :  to  wane. 


>le,  Refx>rts  Provinc.  ( 1889). 

1.  A  stout  linen  fabric, 

HAG,  adj.    Dev.    [asg.]    Hai 

She  looks  very  hag  since  her  troul 

HAGA,  see  "Hag,  sb? 

HAG-A-BAG,  sb.    Obs.    Sc. 

n.Sc.  Properly  cloth  made  wholly  of  tow  for  the  use  of  the 
kitchen  QAM.).     Bnff.  Thro'  lawn  hagabag  her  breast  did  keek, 
TAYLOR  Poems  (1787)  76.     Lnk.  Clean  hag-a-bag  I'll  spread  upon 
his  board,  RAMSAY  Gentle  Shep.  (1725)  37,  ed.  1783. 
2.  Refuse  of  any  kind.    n.Sc.  (JAM.) 

HAG-ABOUT,  sb.  Yks.  [a'g-sbat.]  An  idle,  loung- 
ing fellow. 

w.Yks.  He  wor  what  is  knone  be  that  strong,  but  foorcibul  wurd, 
a  hag-a-baate,  TIFFAMY  Yks.  Tyke's  Ann.  (1872)  35. 

HAG-  A-KNOWE,  sb.  Lan.  Also  written  haggoknow. 
An  ungainly  blockhead. 

Wot  could  we  do  wi  sitch  haggoknows  as  these  i'  Bowton  ? 
STATON  B.  Shuttle,  34  ;  Sit  to  deawn,  thae  gawmbless  hag-a-knowe, 
oraw'llkom  thi  yure  for  tho,  WAUGH  Ben  an' th' Bantam,  v;  Lan.1 

HAGAL,  HAGALEF,  see  Haggle,  s/>.1,  Hogalif. 

HAGASTED,  adj.  Sh.I.  Familiarized  with  a  par- 
ticular place  by  a  long  stay  in  it.  S.  &  Ork.1 

HAG-BERRY,  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks. 
Lan.  e.Cy.  Hmp.  Also  in  forms  eck-berry  Cum.1 ;  egg- 
Cum.1  n.Yks.1  w.Yks.1;  hack-  Sc.  HAM.)  Nhb.1  e.Cy. 
Hmp. ;  hacker-  Nhb.1  ;  heck-  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  Lakel.1  Dur.1 
Cum.1  Wm. n.Yks. m.Yks.1  w.Yks. ;  heg-  Nhb.1  Cum.  Wm.; 
hie-  Wm.  1.  The  fruit  and  tree  of  the  bird-cherry, 
Prunus  Padus. 

Per.  On  the  banks  of  the  Lunan,  there  is  a  shrub  here  called 
the  hack-berry  .  .  .  that  carries  beautiful  flowers  which  are 
succeeded  by  a  cluster  of  fine  blackberries,  Statist.  Ace.  IX.  239 
QAM.).  Lnk.  While  hagberry  and  bourtree  bushes  shelter  the 
gardens  from  intrusive  sheep,  FRASER  Whaups  (,1895)  i-  N.Cy.1, 
Nhb.1.  Lakel.1,  Dnr.1,  s.Dur.  (J.E.D.)  Cum.  From  its  growth  in 
hedges ;  though  children  at  Langwathby  used  to  say,  '  We  caw 
them  hegberries  because  they  heg  our  teeth,'  i.  e.  set  the  teeth  on 
edge  (B.  &  H.) ;  Cum.1  Wm.  (J.H.) ;  The  heckberry  trees  .  .  . 
caught  and  emphasised  the  golden  rays,  WARD  R.  Elsmere  (1888) 
28,  nthed.  n.Yks.  (W.H.),  n.Yks.14,  ne.Yks.1  w.Yks.  WILLAN 
List  IVds.  (1811);  (J.T.) ;  w.Yks.1,  Lan.1,  neXan.1,  e.Cy.,  Hmp. 
(B.  &  H.) 
2.  The  wild  service,  Pyrus  torminalis.  m.Yks.1 

[1.  Dan.  hceggebcer,  Norw.  dial,  heggjebcer  (  AASEN)  ;  ON. 
heggr,  the  bird-cherry  (VIGFUSSON).] 

HAGDOWN,  sb.  I. Ma.  The  greater  shearwater, 
Puffinus  major.  SWAINSON  Birds  (1883)  212. 

HAGEL,  see  Haggle,  v.' 

HAGER,  sb.  Cor.2  Ugly,  deformed,  rough ;  fierce, 
cruel,  evil. 

[OCor.  hager  (WILLIAMS).] 

HAGERY,  adj.  Sh.I.  Also  in  form  haegry.  Of 
worsted  :  rough,  short  in  the  fibre. 

Dey  widna  luik  at  him  [it]  becaas  dey  tought  he  wis  made  o' 
hagery  wirsit,  Sh.  News  (June  12,  1897);  'Lass,  I  links  hit's 
[worsted]  haegry  ! ' . . '  Haegry!  . .  Hit's  a  come  o'  lambs  'oo',  man, 
an'  hit  wis  awful  short,"  ib.  (Oct.  8,  1898). 

HAGES,  sb.  Sc.  A  disguised  form  of  the  word 
'  Jesus,'  used  in  petty  oaths. 

Lnk.  By  hages!  Jean,  it's  weel  kent  aboot  the  raws  that  ye 
wear  the  br«eks,  GORDON  Pyotshaw  (1885)  21. 

HAGESTER,  see  Hagister. 

HAG(G,  sb.1  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan.  Lin.  Shr. 
[h)ag.]  A  wooded  enclosure  ;  a  wood,  copse. 

n.Cy.  At  Aukland  Castle,  the  park  was  formerly  called  the  Hagg 
(K.) ;  N.Cy.1  Gen.  one  into  which  cattle  are  admitted.  Nhb.1 
Com.1  A  woody  place  intermixed  with  grass  land.  A  wooded  hill. 
Wm.  (J.H.),  n.Yks.124  e.Yks.  Originally,  perhaps,  the  woodland 
set  apart,  by  the  lord  of  the  soil,  for  fuel  for  his  tenants  ;  many 
woods  yet  retain  the  name  of  hags,  and  one  wood,  in  Sinnington, 
that  of '  poor  folks  hags,'  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1796).  m.Yks.1 
w.Yks.1  A  hanging  wood  ;  w.Yks.2  A  hag  of  hollin  was  the  holly 
trees  growing  upon  a  certain  portion  of  ground  in  the  commons 
of  the  manor  of  Sheffield  ;  w.Yks.4,  Lan.1 ,  ne.Lan."  Lin.  (W.  W.S.) ; 
Used  only  as  a  proper  name  for  a  wood  (R.E.C.).  Shr.1  There  is 
a  farm  called  the  Hag  a  few  miles  south  of  Bridgnorth,  in  the 
parish  of  Highley  ;  Shr.2 

[He  led  me  over  holts  and  hags,  FAIRFAX  Tasso  (1600) 

.]  HAG(G 

viii.  xli.  A  form  of  OE.  haga,  an  enclosure  (£ARLE 
Charters'),  lit.  E.  haw.} 

HAG  G,  sb.*  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lin.  Rut.  Nhp. 
e.An.  Also  in  form  hack  Sc.  (JAM.)  [h)ag,  aeg.]  1.  A 
rock  or  cliff;  an  abrupt,  cliffy  prominence. 

Nhb.1  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  Built  on  the  face  of  the  hag ;  n.Yks.4, 

2.  Wild,  broken  ground  ;  rocky  moorland  ;  a  common, 

Gall.  Down  heuchs  and  craigs— and  glens  and  hags,  As  fast  as 
he  cud  flee,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  24,  ed.  1876;  Hags  — 
Rocky  moor  ground  ;  Rocky,  mossy,  black  wilds,  ib.  251.  n.Yks.1 
Such  as  may  be  met  with  in  boggy,  and  therefore  uncultivated, 
lands.  w.Yks.  The  strongest  nag  that  crosses  th'  hagg  Wi'  wots 
to  Fullod  mill,  SENIOR  Smithy  Rhymes  (1882)  46  ;  w.Yks.12 

3.  A  piece  of  soft  bog  in  a  moor  or  morass ;  a  break  in 
a  '  moss  '  or  bog  from  which  peats  have  been  cut.    Also 
called  Moss-hag,  Peat-hag,  and  in  comp.  Hag-moss. 

Sc,  Tearing  thro'  moss  and  hagg,  SCOTT  Abbot  ( 1820)  xvii ; 
That  part  in  mosses  which  is  naturally  or  artificially  cut,  hollowed, 
bagged,  or  hacked  ;  naturally  by  water  runlets  forming  hollows, 
and  artificially  by,  among  other  means,  the  cutting  and  removal 
of  peat,  N.  &  Q.  (1874)  sth  S.  ii.  253.  Per.  The  murky  flag 
Flaps  on  Turftenant's  rushy  hag,  SPENCE  Poems  (1898)  189.  Drab. 
I  had  made  sure  To  find  him  in  the  hag  o'  Coars-Neuk  Moor, 
SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  49.  Slg.  The  summit  and  back  part  is 
a  deep  muir  ground,  interspersed  with  moss  hags,  Statist.  Ace.  XV. 
317  (JAM.).  Ayr.  Sendin'  the  stuff  o'er  muirs  an'  hags  Like 
drivin'  wrack,  BURNS  Ep.  toj.  Lapraik  (Sept.  13,  1785 ,  st.  2.  Lnk. 
Now  a  splash  would  be  heard,  followed  by  a  roar,  as  some  luckless 
wight  fell  into  a  moss  hagg,  FRASER  Whaups  (1895)  119.  Edb. 
A  deep  peat  moss,  broken  into  hags  and  hillocks,  PENNECUIK  Wks. 
(1715)  116,  ed.  1815.  Peb.  Wi' a  divot's  weight  Ta'en  from  mossy 
hag,  Lintoun  Green  (1685)  39,  ed.  1817.  Slk.  I  was  crossing  frae 
Loch  Ericht  fit  to  the  held  o'  Glenorchy,  and  got  in  among  the 
hags,  CHR.  NORTH  Noctes  fed.  1856}  II.  405.  Rxb.  A'.  &  Q.  (1874) 
5th  S.  ii.  115.  Dmf.  Instead  o'  hag  moss  beat  wi'  sleet,  Were 
miles  on  miles,  rich  holms  o'  wheat,  SHAW  Schoolmaster  (1899) 
369.  Kcb.  'Mang  our  clints  and  hags  and  rashy  bogs  Chiefs  do 
appear  would  claw  a  fallow's  lugs,  ELDER  Borgue  (1897)  33. 
N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Right  yaul  they  lap  ower  hagg  and  syke,  GRAHAM 
Moorland  Dial.  (1826)5;  (R.O.H.)  Cnm.  (M.P.),  Wm.  J.H.), 
n.Yks.28  Lin.  STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes  (18841  334.  n.Lin.1 
Ther's  many  a  boss  lies  been  lost  e'  them  peat  moor  hags.  sw.Lin.1 
If  you  get  into  one  of  them  hags,  there  is  no  getting  out. 

Hence  Haggy,  adj.  full  of '  hags,'  rough,  broken,  boggy. 

Dmb.  The  fee  o't  thrivin'  moss  and  haggle  wood,  SALMON 
Gowodean  (1868  70.  Lnk.  He  thocht  he  had  yet  tae  cross  A  haggy, 
benty.  splashy  moss,  THOMSON  Musings  (1881)  62.  n.Yks.4  Lin. 
A  bad  highway  is  said  to  be  '  strange  and  haggy,'  N.  &  Q.  (1874) 
5th  S.  i.  311.  Nhp.1  Applied  to  any  coarse  rough-  uneven  ground. 
Most  used  in  a  woodland  district.  e.An.1  Suf.  Applied  to  the 
broken  and  uneven  surface  of  the  soil  when  in  a  moist  state, 
RAINBIRD  Agric.  (1819)  294,  cd.  1849.  e.Suf.  (F.H.) 

4.  A  water-hollow  or  channel,  wet  in  winter  and  dry  in 
summer.     Sc.  TV.  &>  Q.  (1874)  5th  S.  ii.  253. 

5.  A  muddy  hollow,  a  deep  hole  in  a  rut. 

Lin.  N.  &  Q.  (1873)  5th  S.  i.  311.  sw.Lin.1  The  road  was  full 
of  hags. 

6.  A  stiff  clump  of  coarse  grass  ;  an  islet  of  grass  in  the 
midst  of  a  bog. 

Sc.  He  led  a  small'and  shaggy  nag,  That  through  a  bog,  from  hag 
to  hag,  Could  bound  like  any  Billhope  stag,  SCOTT  Last  Minstrel  (cd. 
1847)  c.  iv.  st.  5.  Rnt.1  '  How  did  you  get  on  with  the  mowing?' 
'  Very  well,  sir,  if  it  wunt  for  them  hags ;  they  do  turn  the 
scythe  so." 

[3.  (The  castle)  es  hy  sett  apon  a  cragg  Gray  and  hard, 
widuten  hagg,  Cursor  M.  (c.  1340)  9886.] 

HAG(G,  sb.3  Fif.  [hag.]  1.  A  stall-fed  ox.  MORTON 
Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863).  2.  One  who  tends  fat  cattle.  COL- 
VILLE  Vernacular  (1899)  19. 

HAG(G,  v.1  and  sb*  Sc.  Irel.  Yks.  Lan.  Chs.  Der.  Not- 
Lin.  Lei.  Nhp.  War.  Shr.  Glo.  Oxf.  Brks.  Bdf.  Ken.  Sus. 
Wil.  Som.  Dev.  Cor.  Also  in  forms  ag  m.Yks.1  w.Som.1 ; 
agg  w.Yks.  Lan.1  Chs.123  Der.  n.Lin.1  Nhp.1  Glo.  Bdf.  Sus. 
Wil.1  Dev.1  Cor.1  [h)ag,  aeg.]  1.  v.  To  incite,  urge ; 
to  try  to  persuade ;  to  '  egg ' ;  to  excite  to  quarrel ;  to 
provoke,  irritate. 




w.Yks.  LUCAS  Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882)  229.  Chs.  She  keeps 
aggingme  fort'buy  it.  They  keptaggingthem  onto  fight  (E.M.G.); 
Chs.123  Lei.1  Doon't  ye  hagg  him  on.  Sus.  HOLLOWAY.  Wil.1 
n.Dev.  GROSE  (1790)  ;  Monthly  Mag.  (1808)  II.  421.  Cor.  THOMAS 
Randigal  Rhymes  (1895)  Gl.  ;  Cor.1 

2.  To  worry,  tease  ;  to  '  gnag '  at. 

Wxf.  And  my  ould  thief  of  a  mesther,  tattheration  to  him ! 
hagging,  hagging,  till  he'll  have  the  very  flesh  wasted  off  of  our 
bones,  KENNEDY  Banks  Boro  (1867)  243.  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Shoe 
was  a  roof  kind  iv  a  woman,  an'  'er  'usband  wor  fair  hagged  to  'is 
graave  (F.P.T.).  Lan.1  Thae'rt  aulus  aggin'  at  mi.  Der.  Yo  keep 
aggin  and  teasin',  WARD  David  Grieve  (1892)  I.  viii.  Lin.  He 
said  he  was  only  agging  me,  N.  &  Q.  (1880)  6th  S.  ii.  485. 
sw.Lin.1  I've  hagged  at  her  such  a  mess  o'  times  about  it.  War. 
The  old  lady  and  all  the  family  hagged  me  to  death,  Times  (Dec. 
19,  1889)  6,  col.  6.  Shr.2  Glo.  BAYLIS  Illus.  Dial.  (1870)  ;  (F.H.) 
Bdf.  (J.W.B.)  w.Soni.1  Her'll  ag  anybody  out  o'  their  life,  her 
will.  Dev.1  Iv  her  was  to  begin  to  aggie  way  en  there  wid  be  no 
hod,  5.  n.Dev.  Thy  skin  oil  vlagged  with  nort  bet  agging,  Exm. 
Scold.  (1746)  1.  75. 

3.  To  haggle,  dispute,  argue. 

Nhp.1,  War.2,  Glo.1  Dev.  When  they  beginn'th  tu  haggee  I 
turns  tail  and  urn'th  'ome,  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp.  (1892). 

4.  To  fatigue,  tire  out,  '  fag." 

m.Yks.1  I  was  sore  hagged  with  going.  Hagging  at  it  [toiling 
at  it].  w.Yks.2  Shoo  fair  hags  hersen.  He  wur  fair  hagged  up. 
e.Lan.1  Not.  I'm  hagged  to  death  (J.H.B.).  sw.Lin.1  I'm  quiet 
hagged  out.  It  bothers  me,  and  hags  me  to  dead.  Lei.1  I've 
walked  all  the  way,  and  don't  want  to  come  again,  it's  so  hagging. 
It's  very  haggin'  when  you'n  no  servants.  Nhp.12  Wil.1  Her've 
a  had  a  lot  to  contend  wi'  to-year,  and  her's  hagged  to  death  wi't  aal. 

Hence  (i)  Hagged  or  Haggit,  ppl.  adj.  tired,  worn 
out  ;  harassed,  careworn,  thin ;  (2)  Haggey,  adj.,  (3) 
Hagging,  ppl.  adj.  tiring,  fatiguing. 

(i)Sc.  Wi'  haggit  ee,and  haw  as  death,  The  auld  spae-man  did 
stand,  JAMIESON  Pop.  Ballads  (1806)  I.  235.  w.Yks.1,  Chs.1 3, 
nw.Der.1  s.Lin.  How  hagged  the  poor  o'd  wench  looked  (T.H.R.). 
Shr.1  Poor  Nancy  Poppet  looks  despert  'aggit,  as  if  'er  worked 
'ard  an'  far'd  'ard.  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  Brks.  Thee  look'st  hagged 
at  times,  and  folk  '11  see't,  and  talk  about  thee  afore  long,  HUGHES 
T.  Brown  Oxf.  (1861)  xviii  ;  Brks.1  Ken.  Why  dis  here  wall  It 
looks  sa  old  and  hagged,  MASTERS  Dick  and  Sal  (c.  1821)  st.  48; 
Ken.1  '  They  did  look  so  very  old  and  hagged  ' ;  spoken  of  some 
maiden  ladies.  n.Wll.  He  looks  sort  o'  hagged, dwont  ee?  (E.H.G.) 

(2)  Nhp.2  'A  haggey  road,'  i.e.  one  that  is  tiring  to  the  horses. 

(3)  Nhp.1  It  was  a  hagging  job  for  the  horse,  he  had  such  a  heavy 
load  to  draw. 

5.  In  pass,  with  about :  to  be  buffeted  about,  treated  un- 

w.Yks.  Nout  macks  ma  war  mad  ner  ta  see  tway  at  a  poor 
fellah  is  agged  abaht  if  he  appears  ta  be  dahn  a  bit,  Bill  Hoylhus 
Ends  Aim.  (1873). 

6.  sb.    A  worry,  trouble,  burden  ;  a  difficulty. 

Chs.1  If  one  tries  to  persuade  another  against  his  will  it  would 
be  said,  '  I  got  him  to  go  at  last  but  I'd  a  regular  hag  with  him.' 
s.Chs.1  n. Lin.1  '  That's  a  soor  agg '  is  a  common  expression  to 
indicate  a  teasing  circumstance.  sw.Lin.1  The  child's  a  great  hag 
to  her.  It's  a  hag,  carrying  it  all  that  way. 

Hence  Hag-stop,  sb.  weariness  ;  a  stoppage,  dilemma. 

Lin.1  I  never  had  such  a  hag-stop  before. 

7.  A  task,  job,  an  allotted  portion  of  work  ;  esp.  in  phr. 
to  work  by  the  hag,  to  do  piece-work  in  contradistinction 
to  day-work. 

n.Cy.  (HALL.),  Lan.1  ne.Lan.1  I  wark  be  t'hag,  an'  net  be  t'day. 
Chs.123  s.Chs.1  They'n  tayn  the  wheeat  by  hagg  an  they  bin 
gooin'  to  butty  o'er  it  (s.v.  Butty).  nw.Der.1  A  rough  hag ;  a 
tough  hag.  Nhp.1  An  allotted  portion  of  manual  labour  on  the 
soil ;  as  digging,  draining,  embanking,  &c.  '  Have  you  done  your 
agg? '  Shr.1  I'm  on'y  doin'  a  bit  of  a  'ag  fur  owd  Tummas  ;  Shr.2 
On  by  the  hagg.  Glo.1 

Hence  (i)  Hag-master,  sb.  an  overseer  or  contractor; 
(2)  -work,  sb.  piece-work. 

(i)  Chs.13,  s.Chs.1  Nhp.1  One  who  contracts  for  the  completion 
of  a  specific  work  or  portion  of  work,  at  a  stipulated  price,  em- 
ploying others  to  execute  it  under  his  superintendence.  (2)  Chs.1 3, 
s.Chs.1,  Shr.2 

8.  One  who  does  another's  tasks,  a  drudge. 

w.Yks.  Ah  think  thi  nont  [aunt]  is  't'hag  fer  ye  o'  (B.K.).  e.Lin. 
A  place  or  situation  which  is  hard  to  fill  to  the  employer's  satisfac- 
tion, is  called  a  hag's  plaace  (J.C.W.). 

HAG(G,  sb*  Wm.  Yks.  [h)ag.]  A  hedge  or  fence. 
See  Hay,  sb.2 

Wm.  (J.H.)     e.Yks.  COLE  Place  Names  (1879)  33- 

HAG(G,  v.z  Sc.  Also  in  form  haig  (JAM.),  [hag.]  Of 
cattle  :  to  butt  with  the  head,  to  fight. 

Mry.  You  may  see  the  elf-bull  haiging  with  the  strongest  bull 
or  ox  in  the  herd,  AT.  Antiq.  (1814)  404  (JAM.).  Buff.1 

Hence  Haggin,  ppl.  adj.  given  to  butting  with  the  head. 

Bnff.1  She's  a  haggin'  brute  o'  a  coo,  that. 

HAGG,  HAGGA,  see  Hag,  v.,  Hag,  sb.2 

HAGGADAY,  s6.  Yks.  Lin.  Nrf.  Also  in  form  hago- 
day  Nrf.  [hja'gade.]  1.  A  latch  to  a  door  or  gate. 

Yks.  (HALL.)  n-Lin.1  A  haggaday  is  frequently  put  upon  a 
cottage  door  on  the  inside,  without  anything  projecting  outwards 
by  which  it  may  be  lifted.  A  little  slit  is  made  in  the  door,  and 
the  latch  can  only  be  raised  by  inserting  therein  a  nail  or  slip  of 
metal.  '  Old  men  alus  calls  them  wooden  snecks  wheare  you  hev  to 
put  yer  finger  thrif  a  roond  hoale  e'  th'  door  to  oppen  'em,  haggadays.' 
2.  A  sanctuary  ring-knocker. 

Nrf.  JESSOPP  Hist,  of  Si.  Gregory's  Church  (1886)  10 ;  In  the 
church  of  St.  Gregory,  Norwich,  is  a  large  antique  knocker  for 
use  by  persons  seeking  sanctuary.  This  is  called  a  '  hagoday,' 
N.  &  Q.  (1894)  8th  S.  vi.  188. 

[1.  An  haguday,  vectes,  Cat/t.  Angl.  (1483).] 

HAGGAGE,  sb.  Som.  Dev.  Also  written  hagage 
Dev.  ;  hageg-  n.Dev.  [ae-gidg.]  A  term  of  reproach  for 
a  woman,  a  '  baggage ' ;  an  untidy,  slatternly  woman. 

w.Som.1  Dev.  Dawnt  'a'  nort  tii  zay  tu  thickee  slammicking 
gert  haggage  !  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp.  (1892).  n.Dev.  Horae  Subsecivae 
(1777)  197  ;  What  disyease  than  ya  gurt  haggage,  Exm.  Scold. 
(1746)  1.  27.  nw.Dev.1 

Hence  (ij  Hagegy,  adj.  untidy,  slovenly ;  loose  ;  (2) 
Haggaging,  (a)  adj.,  see  (i) ;  (b)  sb.  a  term  of  reproach 
for  a  woman. 

(i)  n.Dev.  If  ha  lov'th  Jakes,  why  let  un  beckon  Hagegy  Bess, 
'RocK  Jim  an'  Nell (1867)  st.  89.  (2,0)  w.Som.1  Dev.  Achittering, 
raving,  rixy.lonching,  haggaging  moil,  MADOX-BROWN  Dwale  Blttih 
(1876)  bk.  i.  i  ;  A  servant-girl  describes  another  girl  as  'very 
good  to  work,  but  very  hagagin','  Reports  Provinc.  (1891)  ;  Dev.1 
The  very  daps  of  her  mother, — another  such  a  haggagen,  maunder- 
ing, hawk-a-mouth'd  trub,  7 ;  Dev.2  Jane  Ley's  a  cruel  haggagin' 
body.  n.Dev.  A  buzzom-chuck'd  haggaging  moyle,  Exm.  Crlshp. 
(1746)  1.  502.  (A)  Dev.  Calling  her  ould  witch  an'  haggaging  as 
they  did  . . .  had  crossed  her  mind  a  bit,  MADOX-BROWN  Yeth-hounds 
(1876)  251. 

HAGGAN,  sb.  Obs.  Cum.  A  kind  of  pudding ;  see 
below.  Cf.  haggis. 

Sometimes  fruit,  suet,  and  the  minced  entrails  of  a  sheep,  and 
sometimes  only  oatmeal,  suet,  and  sugar  boiled  in  the  large  gut  of 
a  sheep  (J.L.)  (1783). 

HAGGAR,  adj.  Yks.  [Not  known  to  our  correspon- 
dents.] Wild,  untamed.  (HALL.) 

HAGGARD,  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  I.Ma.  Cth.  Pern.  ?w.Cy. 
Also  in  forms  haggart  Sc.  (JAM.)  Wxf.  I.Ma.  Pem. ;  hag- 
yard  Sc.  N.I.1  [h)a-gad,  -at.]  A  stack-yard. 

Gall.  MACTAGGART  Enrycl.  11824)  251,  ed.  1876.  Kcb.,  Wgt. 
JAM.)  Ir.  The  master  wasn't  in  the  haggard,  CARLETON  Fardo- 
rougha  (1836)  78.  N.I.1  Uls.  An  enclosed  place  near  the  farm- 
house (M.B.-S.).  Lns.  The  corn  [was]  all  safe  in  the  haggard, 
CROKER  Leg.  (1862)  242.  Wxf.  A  haggart  with  hay-ricks  and 
corn-stacks,  KENNEDY  Evenings  Duffrey  ( 1869)  62.  I.Ma.  Searched 
.  .  .  every  place  on  the  farm,  and  the  haggart  and  pokin  every 
stack,  BROWN  Doctor  i  1887)  70  ;  They  crossed  the  haggard, . .  she 
scattering  great  handfuls  of  oats,  CAINE  Manxman  (1894)  pt.  n. 
viii.  Cth.  (W.W.S.),  Pem.  (E.D.)  s.Pem.  LAWS  Little  Eng. 
(1888)420.  1.  w.Cy.  (HALL.) 

Hence  Haggard-mows,  sb.  mows  in  the  stack-yard,  not 
in  the  field.  Cth.  (W.W.S.) 

[ON.  hey-gardr,  a  stack-yard  (VIGFUSSON).] 

HAGGART,  sb.  Lth.  (JAM.)  [Not  known  to  our 
correspondents.]  An  old  useless  horse. 

HAGGEL,  HAGGEN-,  seeHaggle.s^X^Hoggan.sfi.1 

HAGGER,  v.1  and  sb.1  Sc.  [ha'gar.]  1.  v.  To  cut 
roughly  and  unevenly,  to  hack,  mangle.  Bch.,  s.Sc.  QAM.) 
See  Hag,  v.1 

Hence  (i)  Haggeran,  vbl.  sb.  the  act  of  cutting  in 
a  rough  manner.  Bnff.1 ;  (2)  Hagger'd,  ppl.  adj.  un- 
evenly cut,  mangled,  full  of  notches.  Bch..  s.Sc.  UAM.) 




2.  sb.   A  large  cut,  esp.  one  with  a  ragged  edge. 

Bnff.1  '  A've  gien  ma  finger  a  great  bagger  wee  a  Knife.'  '  He 
took  a  bullax  and  ga'  the  tree  a  bagger  half-through.' 

Hence  Haggeral,  sb.  a  very  large  cut ;  an  open,  fester- 
ing sore.  ib. 

HAGGER,  v.2  and  sb?  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Yks.  Also  written 
haggar  N.Cy.1 ;  and  in  form  beggr  Nhb.  [h)a'ga(r.J 

1.  v.  To  '  beggar ' ;  in  games  of  marbles,  &c. :  to  win  all 
an  opponent's  marbles,  &c.,  to  '  clear  out.'  Gen.  used  in  pp. 

Nhb.  In  Hexham  when  a  boy  has  lost  all  his  marbles  or  cherry- 
stones, he  is  said  to  be  heggr'd,  N.  V  Q.  (1871)  4th  S.  viii.  304  ; 
ib.  407  ;  Nhb.1  He  wis  fair  hagger't. 

2.   A  term  in  marbles ;  see  below. 

Nhb.  The  loser  [in  a  game  of  marbles]  usually  asks  the  winner 
to  give  him  one  back  for  his  heggrs,  N.  &  Q.  (1871)  4th  S.  viii.  304. 

3.  Comb.  Hagger-maker's  shop,  a  public-house.    N.Cy.1, 
Nhb.1,  Yks.  (HALL.) 

HAGGER,  v.a  and  sb.a  Ags.  (JAM.)  [Not  known  to 
our  correspondents.]  1.  v.  To  rain  gently.  2.  sb.  A 
fine  small  rain. 

HAGGER,  v*  Wil.1  [ae'ga(r).]  Of  the  teeth :  to 
chatter  with  cold.  Cf.  hacker,  v.  4. 

HAGGERDASH,  sb.  and  adv.  Sc.  Also  in  form 
haggerdecash  Ags.  (JAM.)  1.  sb.  Disorder  ;  a  broil. 
Lnk.  (JAM.)  2.  adv.  In  confusion,  in  a  disorderly 
state,  topsy-turvy.  Ags.,  CId.  (ib.) 

HAGGERIN, ///.«<#.  Lth.  UAM.)  [Not  known  to  our 
correspondents.]  In  phr.  haggerin  and  swaggerin,  in  an 
indifferent  state  of  health  ;  fig.  unprosperous  in  business. 

HAGGERSNASH,  sb.  and  adj.  Sc.  [Not  known  to 
our  correspondents.]  1.  sb.  Offals.  n.Sc.  (JAM.) 

2.  Fig.    A  spiteful  person.     Ayr.  (ib.) 

3.  adj.   Spiteful,  sharp. 

Ayr.  I  maun  lea'  them  to  spaing  athort  their  tapseltirie  taun- 
trums  an'  haggersnash  pilgatings  upo'  some  hairum-skairum  rattle- 
scull,  Edb.  Mag.  (Apr.  1821,  351  (ib.). 

HAGGERTY,  adj.  Sc.  Also  written  haggarty  Frf. 
|ha-garti.|  In  comb,  (i)  Haggerty-tag,  in  an  untidy, 
ragged  manner ;  (2)  -tag-like,  (3)  -taggerty,  ragged, 
tattered,  ragamuffin. 

(i,  a;  n.Sc.  JAM.)  (3)16.  Frf.  This  haggarty-taggarty  Egyptian, 
BARRIE  Minister  (1891)  xiv. 

HAGGILS,  sb.  pi.  Fif.  QAM.)  In  phr.  in  the  haggils, 
in  trammels. 

HAGGIS,  sb.  and  v.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan.  War. 
Shr.  Glo.  Also  in  forms  haggas  Nhb.  n.Yks. ;  haggassl  e 
Nhb. ;  haggles  Sc.  Lan. ;  haggise  Sc. ;  haggish  Sc. 
N.Cy.1  Nhb?  Cum. ;  haggus  n.Cy.  Lan.1  Glo.1 ;  heygus 
Lan.1  [h la'gis.  avgis.  |  1.  sb.  A  dish,  gen.  consisting 
of  the  lungs,  heart,  and  liver  of  a  sheep,  minced  with  suet, 
onions,  &c.,  and  cooked  in  a  sheep's  maw. 

Sc.  It  ill  sets  a  haggis  to  be  roasted,  RAMSAY  Prov.  ( i 737) ;  I  hope 
he'll  get  a  haggis  to  his  dinner,  SCOTT  Bride  of  Lam.  (1819)  xviii. 
Bcb.  Like  an  ill-scraped  haggis,  FORBES  jrn.  (1743)  a.  Abd.  I  left 
my  mitherTocookthehaggies,CocKS/rawsj8io)I. 120.  w.Sc.Gif 
a'  your  hums  and  ha's  were  hams  and  haggises,  the  parish  o'  Kippen 
needna  fear  a  dearth,  CARRICK  Laird  of  Logan  (1835  173.  Dmb. 
A  table  bent  wi"  cheer  .  .  .  Haggis  aboon  and  mutton  at  the  foot, 
SALMON  Gowodtan  (1868)  108.  Rnf.  [I]  set  some  haggis  down 
afore,  I  trow  the  smell  o't  didna  shore,  PICKEN  Potms  (1813)  I.  6a. 
Ayr.  Not  forgetting  the  savoury  sonsy  haggis,  GALT  Entail  (1833) 
vii.  Lnk.  On  the  haggles  Elspa  spares  nae  cost,  RAMSAY  Gentle 
Shep.  (1735)  44,  ed.  1783.  Lth.  A  sonsey  haggis,  reeking,  rose 
Fu'  proudly  in  the  centre,  BRUCE  Poems  (1813)  II.  65.  Edb.  A 
haggis  fat  Weel  tottled  in  a  scything  pat,  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773) 
186,  ed.  1785.  Bwk.  Mountalban  for  a  haggis  ;  Lamington  fortea, 
HENDERSON  Pop.  Rhymes  (1856)  33.  Slk.  If  I  would  .  . .  take  a 
share  of  a  haggis  wi'  them,  HOGG  Tales  (1838)  151,  ed.  1866.  Rxb. 
A  very  singular  superstition  in  regard  to  this  favourite  dish  pre- 
vails in  Rxb.  and  perhaps  in  other  southern  counties.  As  it  is  a 
nice  piece  of  cookery  to  boil  a  haggis,  without  suffering  it  to  burst 
in  the  pot  and  run  out,  the  only  effectual  antidote  known  is  nomi- 
nally to  commit  it  to  the  keeping  of  some  male  who  is  generally 
supposed  to  bear  antlers  on  his  brow.  When  the  cook  puts  it  into 
the  pot,  she  says,  '  I  gie  this  to— such  a  one— to  keep '  (JAM.)  ; 
A  good  fat  haggles,  if  his  purse  can  spare  it,  RUICKBIE  Wayside 
Cottager  (1807)  73.  Dmf.  Mony  a  haggis  that  reeked  an'  swat, 

THOM  Jock  o'  Knotve  (1878)  39.  Wgt.  It  was  only  a  haggish,  an 
A  think  ee  needna  mak'  sae  muckle  din  aboot  it,  FRASER  Wigtown 
(1877)363.  n.Cy.  BorderGl.  (Coll.  L.L.B.)  ;  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  GROSE 
(1790)  ;  Like  the  first  puffe  of  a  haggasse,  RICHARDSON  Borderers 
Table-bk.  (1846)  VI.  309  ;  Nhb.1  Tripe  minced  small.  Cum.  Some- 
times fruit,  suet,  and  the  minced  entrails  of  a  sheep,  and  sometimes 
only  oatmeal,  suet,  and  sugar,  boiled  in  the  large  gut  of  a  sheep. 
It  was  till  lately  the  common  custom  to  have  this  dish  to  breakfast 
every  Christmas  day,  and  some  part  of  the  family  sat  up  all  night 
to  have  it  ready  at  an  early  hour.  It  is  now  used  at  dinner  on  the 
same  day  (J.L.)  (1783);  We'd stew'dgeuse  and  haggish,  ANDERSON 
Ballads  (ed.  1808)  173  ;  Cum.1  A  pudding  of  mincemeat  for  eating 
with  potatoes  on  Christmas  day.  Lan.  Her  food  .  .  .  was  haggis, 
made  of  boil'd  groats,  mixed  with  thyme  or  parsley,  HARLAND 
&  WILKINSON  Fit-Lore  (,i867)  207  ;  ^&a-1  Pottage  made  of  herbs 
e.Lan.1  A  pudding  of  herbs. 

2.  Comp.  (i)  Haggis-bag,  the  maw  of  a  sheep  in  which 
the  haggis  is  cooked  ;  fig.  a  windbag,  a  contemptuous 
term  for  anything ;  (2)  -feast,  a  feast  or  meal  consisting 
of  haggis  ;  (3)  -fed,  fed  upon  haggis  ;  (4)  -headed,  soft- 
headed, foolish,  stupid  ;  (5)  -heart,  a  soft,  cowardly  heart ; 
(6)  -kail,  the  water  in  which  a  haggis  is  cooked;  (7)  -meat, 
minced  and  seasoned  tripe ;  (8)  -supper,  a  supper  con- 
sisting of  haggis  ;  (9)  -wife,  a  woman  who  sells  minced 
and  seasoned  tripe. 

(i)  Sc.  It  is  more  like  an  empty  haggis-bag  than  ony  thing  else, 
Blackw.  Mag.  (Sept.  1819)  677  (JAM.V  Dmb.  '  Principles !  haggis 
bags  ! '  exclaimed  the  lady,  CROSS  Disruption  (1844)  v.  (a)  Nhb. 
Aw'd  suener  hev  a  haggish  feast,  Or  drink  wi  skipper  Morgan, 
ALLAN  Tyneside  Sngs.  (1891)  333.  (3)  Ayr.  But  mark  the  rustic, 
haggis-fed,  BURNS  To  a  Haggis  (1787)  st.  7.  (4)  Edb.  Bring 
haggis-headed  William  Younger,  PENNF.CUIK  Wks.  (1715)  412,  ed. 
'815.  (5)  Edb.  His  haggis  heart  it  fills  Wi'  grief,  FORBES  Poems 
(1813)  40.  (6)  Bnff.  Wi'  puddin  broe  or  haggles  kail,  Or  some- 
thing maks  a  battin  meal,  TAYLOR  Poems  (1787)  53.  (7)  Nhb. 
Aw  got  tired  o'  sellin'  haggish  meet,  BAGNALL  Sngs.  (c.  1850;  26; 
Ov  sheep's  feet  then  we  hev  a  feed,  An'  haggish  meat  an'  aw,  man, 
ib.  33 ;  Nhb.1  (8)  Sc.  A  wis  at  a  haggis  supper  that  nicht,  Jokes, 
and  S.  (1889)  36.  (9  Nhb.  Whaiv  haggish  wives  wi'  tubs  an" 
knives,  ROBSON  Evangeline  (1870)  343. 

3.  The  paunch,  belly.    Cf.  hag,  sb* 

Lnk.  John  goes  to  the  amry  and  lays  to  the  haggles,  till  his  ain 
haggles  cou'd  had  nae  mair,  GRAHAM  Writings  1,1883)  II.  210. 
Feb.  Ned  wi'  his  haggise  loom  Sail's  stringless  coats,  as  fast 's  he 
dow,Geed  back,  Lintoun  Green  (1685)  62,  ed.  1817.  n.Cy.  GROSE 
(17901.  Lan.  ib.  MS.  add.  (C.)  ;  Lan.1 

4.  The  smaller  entrails  or 'chitterlings' of  a  calf.   War.2, 
Shr.1,  Glo.1 

5.  Phr.  to  cool  one's  haggas,  to  beat  one  soundly. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  n.Yks.  lie  coul  thy  haggas,  bitch,  if  I  begin, 
MERITON  Praise  Ale  (16841  1.  76  ;  (K.) 

6.  Fig.  A  term  of  contempt  applied  to  a  lumpish,  un- 
wieldy   person  ;    a    soft,    '  pudding-headed '    person ;    a 

Dmf.  The  lazy  haggises!  CARLYLE.Z>tf.(i886)II.a8.   N.Cy.1, Nhb.1 

7.  v.   In  boxing :   to  bruise,  cut  up,  '  do  for ' ;  fig.  to 
scatter,  spread  abroad. 

Nhb.  Come  up  to  the  Scratch  !  or,  the  Pitman  haggish'd,  ROBSON 
Sngs.  of  Tyne  (1849)  381 ;  So  wishing  trade  may  brisker  be,  An' 
fuels  aw  haggished  owre  the  sea,  ib.  295  ;  By  gox,  'fore  aw's  duen 
ye'll  be  haggished  eneuf,  ib.  Evangeline  (1870)  347  ;  Nhb.1 

[1.  Haggas  a  podyng,  caliette  de  mouton,  PALSGR.  (1530); 
Hagws  of  a  schepe.  Take  the  roppis  with  J)e  talowe  & 
parboyle  hem  ;  ban  hakke  hem  smal,  Cookery  Bk.  (c.  1430), 
ed.  Austin,  39.] 

HAGGLE,  s*.1  Chs.  Hmp.  I.W.  Wil.  Dor.  Dev.  Cor. 
Also  written  hagal  I.W.  ;  haggel  Cor.  ;  haggil  Hmp.1 ; 
hagl-  Cor. ;  and  in  forms  agald  Wil.1  ;  aggie  Dev. 
nw.Dev.1 ;  agle  Chs.  Cor.12 ;  awgl-  Cor.12 ;  haigle  n.Dev. ; 
hail,  hayel  Dor. ;  orgl-  Cor.1  [a'gl,  ae'gl.]  A  haw,  the 
fruit  of  the  hawthorn,  Crataegus  Oayacantha  ;  also  in  comp. 
Haggle-berry.  See  Hag,  sb*  Cf  eggle-berry. 

Chs.  (B.  &  H.),  Hmp.l,  n.Hmp.  (J.R.W.),  I.W.,  Wil.1  Dor. 
w.Gazette  (Feb.  15,  1889)  7,  col.  i.  Dev.  A  farmer  informs  me 
that  the  saying :  'Many  aggies,  Many  cradles,'  is  frequently  added  to 
the  better-known  sayings :  '  Many  nits,  Many  pits;  Many  slones, 
Many  groans,'  Reports  Provinc.  (1893);  Horae  Su&ffliwu  (1777) 
198.  n.Dev.  Sloans,  bullans,  and  haigles  be  about,  ROCK  Jim  an' Nell 



(1867)51.12.  nw.Dev.1  Cor.  Housen  and  shops  so  thick  as  haggel, 
TREGELLAS  Tales  (1867)  67;  Cor.' " 

Hence  (i)  Hagglan,  Aglon,  Awglon,  or  Orglon,  sb.  a 
haw ;  (2)  -tree,  sb.  a  hawthorn  tree. 

(i)  Cor.  Her  lips  were  red  as  hagglons,  THOMAS  Randigal 
Rhymes  (1895)  n  ;  Cor.12  (2)  Cor.  The  lizamamoo  and  the 
keggas  grew  under  the  hagglan-tree,  THOMAS  Randigal  Rhymes 
(1895)  15- 

HAGGLE,s6.2  Sh.I.  [ha'gl.]  A  subordinate  division- 
mark  between  districts.  S.  &  Ork.1 

HAGGLE,  v.1  and  sb.3  Var.  dial,  and  colloq.  uses  in 
Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng.  Also  written  haggel  Cum.3  ;  hagil  Sc. 
(JAM.)  ;  hagle  Lan.  Glo. ;  and  in  forms  aggie  w.Yks.5 
Lan.  Nhp.1  Bdf.  n.Bck.  Wil.1 ;  haigel  Sc. ;  haigle  Sc. 
Nhb.1 ;  heggle  Sus.1  [h)a'gl,  ae'gl.]  1.  v.  To  cut  awk- 
wardly or  unevenly,  to  hack,  mangle  ;  to  bungle.  See 
Hag,  v.1 

Fif.  (JAM.)  Ayr.  They  may  learn  at  the  college  to  haggle  aff  a 
sair  leg,  GALT  Sir  A.  Wylie  (1822)  ciii.  Ant.  GROSE  (1790)  MS. 
add.  (C.)  Cum.1 ;  Cum.3  An'  he  haggelt  an'  cot  at  his  pultess- 
bleach't  po',  162.  n.Yks.14  w.Yks.  THORESBY  Lett.  (1703)  ; 
w.Yks.24;  w.Yks.5  '  Luke  how  thah's  aggled  that  loaf !'  Cloth  is 
'  aggled '  when  the  knives  of  the  cutting-machine,  or  rather  the 
roller  on  which  the  knives  are  fixed,  pimp  and  cut  the  cloth  at 
short  distances  till  it  is  re-arranged.  ne.Lan.1,  Chs.1  s.Chs.1  Yi 
mun)u  aag-1  dhu  cheyz  ;  taak'  it  streyt  ufoa-r  yi  [Ye  munna  haggle 
the  cheise;  tak  it  streight  afore  ye].  Not.  (J.H.B.),  Not.1,  Lin.1. 
n.Lin.1,  Nhp.1  Shr.1  Dunna  yo'  'aggie  the  mate  i'  that  way — I 
conna  bar  to  see  it ;  Shr.2  Glo.  BAYLIS///«S.  Dial.  (1870)  ;  Home 
Subsecivae  (1777)  198.  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  Bdf.  To  cut  unevenly,  as 
a  joint  of  meat  or  a  loaf  of  bread  (J.W.B.).  Wil.  They  took  out 
their  knives  and  haggled  the  skin  off,  JEFFERIES  Bevis  (1882)  vii ;  Wil.1 

Hence  (i )  Haggled,/>/>/.  adj.  hacked,  mangled,  mutilated  ; 
(2)  Hagglin,  ppl.  adj.  rash,  incautious ;  (3)  Haggly,  adj. 
rough,  unevenly  cut. 

(i)  Gall.  I  see  thee,  little  loch.  Thou  art  clear  this  morning. 
Thou  art  red  at  even,  and  there  is  a  pile  of  haggled  heads  by  thee, 
CROCKETT  Raiders  (1894)  xiv.  (.2)  Flf.  A  hagglin'  gomrel  (JAM.). 
(3;Cld.  (JAM.),  s.Chs.1 

2.  To  dispute,  cavil,  argue ;    esp.  to  dispute  the  terms 
of  a  bargain  ;  to  chatter ;  to  quarrel,  bicker. 

Sc.  To  use  a  great  deal  of  useless  talk  in  making  a  bargain,  SIB- 
BALD  Gl.  (JAM.)  Abd.  Sandy  Mutch  would  not  '  haggle '  over  a  few 
shillings,  ALEXANDER  Ain  Flk.  (1882)  107.  Cai.1  Per.  It  wes  for 
love's  sake  a'  haggled  an'  schemed,  IAN  M ACLAREN  A  uld  Lang  Syne 
(,1895)  157.  Slk.  I ...  baidna  langerto  haigel,  HOGG  Tales  (1838) 
no,  ed.  1866.  N.I.1,  Dur.1,  Cum.1  n.Yks.  Thoo's  allus  haggling 
and  scouding  (T.S.) ;  n.Yks.12*,  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Their  isn't  a 
minute's  peace  i'  t'house— they're  always  haggling  and  jaggling 
about  something  (H.L.);  LUCAS  Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882)  229; 
w.Yks.1  Lan.  He's  always  aggling  about  something  not  worth  a 
farthing  (S.W.).  ne.Lan.1,  Chs.1,  Not.  (W.H.B.),  Not.1,  Lin.1, 
nXin.1  s.Lin.  Them  two'll  haggle  ower  nowt  by  the  hour  if 
nobody  stops  'em  (T.H.R.).  War.  (J.R.W.)  ;  War.4  What  a  mon 
you  be  !  you'll  haggle  for  the  last  farding.  m.Wor.  Don't  haggle 
any  more  about  it  (J.C.).  se.Wor.1  Shr.1  Yo'  wanten  to  'aggie, 
dun'ee — yo'  bin  al'ays  ready  for  cross-pladin' ;  Shr.2  Glo.  Wall, 
we  bided  thur  and  haggled  a  smart  while.  BUCKMAN  Darke's  Sojourn 
(1890)  140;  BAYLIS  Illus.  Dial.  (1870).  Brks.1  Sometimes  also  it 
is  used  in  the  sense  of '  to  hesitate  in  reply.'  '  A  haggled  a  good 
bit  avoor  a'd  tell  I  wher  a'd  a-bin.'  n.Bck.  (A.C.),  e.An.2,  Sus.2, 
Hmp.1  Dev.  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  198.  Cor.  Mrs.  Tucker  used 
to  haggle  with  everybody,  PARR  Adam  and  Eve  (1880)  III.  235. 

Hence  (i)  Haggling,  (a)  sb.  a  dispute,  argument;  a  pro- 
longed bargaining ;  (b)  ppl.  adj.  vexatious,  trying,  weari- 
some ;  (2)  Hagil-bargain,  sb.  one  who  is  difficult  to  come 
to  terms  with  in  making  a  bargain,  a  '  stickler.' 

(i,  a)  Frf. '  The  chairge  is  saxpence,  Davit,'  he  shouted.  Then 
a  haggling  ensued,  BARRIE  Licht  (1888)  ii.  n.Yks.2,  se.Wor.1  (b) 
Bnff.1  A  term  applied  by  fishermen  and  sailors  to  weather,  in  which 
the  wind  dies  away  during  daytime,  and  springs  up  towards  evening. 

SUS.1       (2)  Rxb.  SlBBALD   Gl.  (1802)  (JAM.). 

3.  To    tease,   worry,    harass ;    to   over-work,   fatigue, 
tire  out. 

Cum.1,  n.Yks.14  ne.Lan.1  War.4  What  are  you  haggling  our  Bess 
for?  Oxf.  I  get  quite  haggled,  Sir,  by  the  close  of  the  day  (W.F.R.) ; 
Oxf.1  Often  applied  to  energetic  preachers.  ''Ow'adid'aggle'isself.' 

Hence  Haggled,  ppl.  adj.  wearied,  harassed,  worn  out. 

sw.Lin.1  Poor  things,  how  haggled  they  look ! 

4.  To  advance  with  difficulty;  to  do  anything  with  much 
obstruction,  to  struggle. 

Bwk.,  Rxb.  To  carry  with  difficulty  anything  that  is  heavy,  cum- 
bersome, or  entangling  (JAM.).  Rxb.  I  hae  mair  than  I  can  haigle 
wi'.  My  lade  is  sae  sad  I  can  scarcely  haigle  (ib.).  Nhb.  Aa 
could  hardly  get  haigl't  through  (R.O.H.) ;  Nhb.1  Here  she  comes 
haiglin  wi  a  greet  bunch  o'  sticks.  Lan.  Hagglin  at  th'  seek  to  get 
hissel  out,  WAUGH  Old  Cronies  (1875)  iv. 

5.  sb.    A    mild    dispute ;    the    process    of   bargaining. 
s.Wor.1,  Glo.  (A.B.) 

[1.  Suffolk  first  died  :  and  York,  all  haggled  over,  Comes 
to  him,  SHAKS.  Hen.  V,  iv.  vi.  n.  2.  Harceler,  to  haggle, 
huck,  hedge,  or  paulter  long  in  the  buying  of  a  commodity, 
COTGR.  8.  We  are  so  harassed  and  haggled  out  in  this 
business,  CROMWELL  Lett.  (Aug.  20,  1648).] 

HAGGLE,  v?  and  sb*  n.Cy.  Yks.  Pern.  Also  written 
hagel  s.Pem. ;  haggel  e.Yks. ;  hagle  s.Pem. ;  and  in 
forms  aggie  e.Yks. ;  hag-  m.Yks.1  [h)a-gl.]  1.  v. 
To  hail. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790);  (K.)  n.Yks.1;  n.Yks.2  It  beeath  haggl'd 
and  snaw'd.  ne.Yks.1  It  haggled  heavy  t'last  neet.  e.Yks.  It 
haggled't  morn,  COLES  PlaceNames(  1879)  30;  (MissA.);  e.Yks.1 
We  moont  gan  oot  just  yit,  it's  beginnin  te  haggle.  m.Yks.1 
[RAY  (1691).] 

2.  sb.   Hail,  a  hailstone  :  also  in  comp.  Haggle-stone, 

e.Yks.  (R.M.)  ;  Haggles  doon  wide  chimlaclatthered,  Yks.  Dial. 
(i887Ni  35  ;  MORRIS  Flk-Talk  (1892).  m.Yks.1  s.Pem.  There  is  a 
shower  of  hagles  a  comin'(W.M.M.) ;  LAWS  Little  Eng.  (1888)  420. 

HAGGLE-CART,  sb.  Oxf.  [as-gl-kat.]  A  horse  and 
cart  let  out  on  hire  to  do  rough  work  or  odd  jobs ;  also 
used  attrib.  and  vb. 

'  Haggle-cart  man,'  a  person  whose  services  may  be  hired  for 
any  kind  of  carting  work  required  of  him.  'Haggle-cart  men  '  and 
'  haggle-cart  work  '  are  common  terms  in  Oxford  (G.O.);  We  are 
to  distribute  the  work  equally  amongst  the  haggle-cart  men  in 
Oxford,  Oxf.  Times  (Jan.  7,  1899)  3 ;  Oxf.1  Ea  goes  [guez]  to 
haggle-cart,  MS.  add. 

HAGGLER,  sb.  Lon.  Hmp.  I.W.  Wil.  Dor.  Also 
written  hagler  Hmp.1  Dor.  [as'gla(r).]  1.  A  pedlar, 
huckster  ;  a  '  middle-man.'  Cf.  higgler. 

Lon.  In  Billingsgate  the'forestallers'  or  middlemen,.. as  regards 
means,  are  a  far  superior  class  to  the  '  hagglers '  (the  forestallers 
of  the  green  markets),  MAYHEW  Land.  Labour  (1851)  I.  67.  Wil. 
SLOW  Gl.  (1892).  Dor.  I  be  plain  Jack  Durbeyfield  the  haggler, 
HARDY  Tess  (1891")  4  ;  An  you  do  know  young  Jimmey  Brown  the 
hagler,  Eclogue  (,1862)  26  ;  Dor.1  One  who  buys  up  poultry  to  sell 
2.  The  upper  servant  of  a  farm.  Hmp.1,  I.W.12 

HAGGLE-TOOTH,  sb.  Som.  Dev.  A  tooth  belonging 
to  the  second  set  which  appears  prematurely  through  the 
gum  and  projects.  Dev.1  Cf.  aigle,  4. 

Hence  Haggle-toothed,  adj.  having  prominent  or  pro- 
jecting teeth. 

w.Som.1  Ag-1-teo-dhud.  Dev.  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  198. 
n.Dev.  Wey  zich  a  whatnozed  haggle-tooth'd  .  .  .  theng  as  thee 
art,  Exm.  Scold.  (1746)  1.  58. 

HAGGOKNOW,  see  Hag-a-knowe. 

HAGGRIE,  sb.     Bnff.1     [ha'gri.]    An  unseemly  mass. 

It  is  very  often  spoken  of  food  badly  cooked  and  served  up  in 
an  untidy  way. 

HAGHOG,  sb.     Obs.    Rut.1    A  hedgehog. 

Paid  for  a  haghog,  zd.,  Chwarden's  Accts.  (1720). 

HAGHT,  sb.  Ant.  A  voluntary  cough  to  remove 
mucus  from  the  throat.  Balfymena  Obs.  (1892). 

HAGH  YE,  phr.     Obsol.    Cum.1    Listen,  hark  ye. 

HAGIL,  HAGLE,  see  Haggle,  t/.12,  Hauchle. 

HAGISTER,  sb.  Lin.  Ken.  Also  written  hagester, 
haggister  Ken. ;  and  in  form  eggiste  Lin.  Dor.  The  mag- 
pie, Pica  rustica. 

Lin.  A  gamekeeper's  word,  N.  &  Q.  (1899)  gth  S.  iv.  357 ; 
<T.H.)  Ken.  RAY  (1691) ;  (K.) ;  I  took  up  a  libbet  to  holl  at  a 
hagester  that  sat  in  the  pea  gratten,  GROSE  (1790)  ;  I  hove  a  libbit 
at  the  hagister,  LEWIS  /.  Tenet  (1736)  (s.v.  Libbit)  ;  Ken.12 

[EFris.  dkster,  ekster,  hakster,  heister,  'pica '  (KOOLMAN)  ; 
Du.  aakster  (more  commonly  ekster),  the  magpie  (DE  VRIES)  .] 




HAGLY-CRAB,  sb.    Hrf.    A  variety  of  apple. 

Nature  has  endued  some  apple  trees,  such  as  the  redstreak, .  . 
with  the  power  of  maturing  their  fruits  earlier  in  the  season  than 
others,  such  as  the  hagly  crab,  golden  pippin,  MARSHALL  Krvitw 
(1818)  II.  989. 

HAGMAHUSH,  sb.  Sc.  An  awkward  sloven  ;  also 
used  attrib. 

Abd.  O  laddy !  ye're  a  hagmahush  ;  yer  face  is  barkid  o'er  wi' 
smush,  BEAT-TIE  Parings  (1801)  5,  ed.  1873 ;  Most  commonly 
applied  to  a  female  (JAM.). 

H AC-MALI L,.s//.  Som.    1. The  titmouse, A credularosea. 

N.  &  Q.  (1877)  sth  S.  viii.  358 ;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 
2.  A  sloven,  slattern. 

W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  w-Som.1  Her's  a  purty  old  beauty,  her  is 
— a  rigler  old  hag-mall  [hag-maa-1]. 

HAGMAN-HEIGH,  see  Hogmany. 

HAG-HARK,  sb.  Sh.I.  A  boundary  stone,  a  stone 
set  up  to  indicate  the  line  of  division  between  separate 
districts ;  also  called  Hag-stane. 

JAKOBSEN  Norsk  in  Sh.  (1897)  117  ;  (Coll.  L.L.B.) ;  S.  &  Ork.1 

HAGMENA,  see  Hogmany. 

HAG-NAIL,  sb.    Suf.    Same  as  Agnail  (q.v.). 

HAGODAY,  see  Haggaday. 

HAGRI,  sb.     Sh.I.    In  phr.  to  ride  the  hagri,  see  below. 

There  is  an  old  Shetland  expression  :  '  to  ride  de  hagri ' — '  hagri ' 
being  an  O.N.  hag(a)rei8 :  skattald-ride.  In  former  times  neigh- 
bouring proprietors  used  to  ride  in  company  around  their  skattald- 
boundaries  in  order  to  inspect  the  marches,  or  put  up  new 
march-stones,  and  thus  prevent  future  disputes.  Every  year, 
when  this  was  done,  they  took  with  them  a  boy,  the  son  of  some 
crofter,  residing  on  one  or  other  of  the  properties.  At  every 
march-stone  they  came  to,  the  boy  got  a  flogging :  this,  it  was 
thought,  made  him  remember  the  place  ever  after.  For  every 
year  this  '  hagri '  or  skattald-riding  was  done,  a  different  boy  was 
selected  to  accompany  the  proprietors  and  receive  the  floggings, 
JAKOBSEN  Dial.  (1897)  109. 

HAG-STONE,  see  Haggle,  sb*  2. 

HAGUE,  sb.  and  v.    N.Cy.1    [heg.]        1.  sb.   The  in- 
clination of  a  dike  with  the  seam  in  a  coal-pit.  Cf.  hade,  s*.2 
2.  v.   To  incline,  slope.         '  She  hagues  sare  to  the  south.' 

HAGUE,  see  Hag,  sb* 

HAGWESH,s6.  Cum.1  Ruin,  bankruptcy.  Cf.bagwesh. 

HAGWIFE,  sb.    Sc.    A  midwife. 

Lnk.  I  maun  hae  a  hagwife  or  my  mither  dee,  for  truly  she's 
very  frail,  GRAHAM  Writings  (1883)  II.  208. 

HAG-WORM,  sb.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Win.  Yks.  Lan. 
Lin.  Also  written  hag-wurm  Cum.8;  and  in  forms  ag- 
worm  w.Yks. ;  -worrum  e.Yks.1 ;  haggom  n.Yks.3  ;  hag- 
worrum  e.Yks.1  [h)a'g-warm,  -warn.]  1.  The  adder 
or  viper,  Pelias  berus. 

n.Cy.  Ah's  as  crazy  as  a  hag-worm  ower  yon  nag  o'  oors  <"B.K.). 
Nhb.  RICHARDSON  Borderer's  Table-bk.  (1846)  VIII.  15;  (R.O.H.) 
Lakel.1  Cum.  '  What  thinks  teh  they  fand  iv  his  stomach  ? ' 
'  Mebby  a  hag-worm,'  SARGISSON  Joe  Scoap  (1881)  99 ;  Cnm.3  An 
t'fat  rwoastit  oot  o  beath  hagwurms  an  eels,  161 ;  Cnm.4  Wm.  A 
hagworm  will  bite  fra  the  clint,  HUTTON  Bran  New  Work  (1785) 
1.407.  s.Wm.  (J.A.B.)  Yks.  GROSE  (1790).  n.Yks.124  e.Yks. 
MARSHALL  Kur.  Econ.  (1788) ;  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.  LUCAS  Stud. 
Ntddtrdalt  (c.  i88a)  Gl. ;  HUTTON  Tour  to  Caves  (1781).  Lin. 
STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes  (1884)  334  ;  Lin.1  n.Lin.1  Obsol. 
2.  The  common  snake,  Coluber  natrix ;  also  used  gene- 
rically  for  snakes  of  any  kind. 

N.Cy.1,  Ctun.«  n.Yks.  Science  Gossip  (1882)  161 ;  n.Yks.2  Often, 
though  wrongly,  applied  to  the  common  harmless  snake  ;  n.Yks.3 
ne.Yks.1  Used  generically  rather  than  specifically.  m.Yks.1 
Applied  to  all  kinds  of  snakes,  which  are  rarely  found  out  of 
woods.  w.Yks.  WILLAN  Z.w/ ff<fc.  (1811).  Lan.1,  n.Lan.1 

8.  The  blind-worm,  Anguisfragilis. 

Nbb.  It  is  affirmed  that  the  bite  of  the  hag-worm  ...  is  much 
more  deadly,  RICHARDSON  Borderer's  Table-bk.  (1846)  VIII.  15; 
Nhb.1  Dnr.1  A  worm  of  a  brown  mottled  colour,  the  belly  being 
lighter.  It  is  about  a  foot  in  length,  and  an  inch  in  diameter. 
Cnm.  HUTCHINSON  Hist.  Cum.  (1794)  I.  App.  54;  Cnm.4  w.Yks. 
Yan  'ud  awmost  think  ye'd  swallowed  a  hagworm,  Jabee  Oliphant 
(1870)  bk.  i.  v  ;  w.Yks.1 

4.  Camp,  (i)  Hagworm-flower,  the  star- wort,  Stellaria 
holostea ;  (a)  -stones,  perforated  fragments  of  the  grey 
alum  shale  found  on  Whitby  beach. 

(0  Vks.  (B.  &  H.)  (a)  n.Yks.2  The  round  holes  were 
traditionally  supposed  to  be  due  to  the  sting  of  the  adder. 

[1.  ON.  h8gg-ormr,  a  viper  (ViGFUSson).J 

HAG-YARD,  see  Haggard. 

HAH,  HAHL,  HAHM,  HAHNSER,  see  I,  Hale,  v.\ 
Haulm,  Heronsew. 

HA-HO,  sb.     Irel.     Also  in  form  hi-how  N.I.1 
hedge-parsley,  Anthriscus  sylvestris. 

N.I.1  Of  the  parts  of  the  stem  between  the  joints  children  make 
'pluffers'  to  'pluff'  hawstones  through.  Children  also  make 
'  scouts  '  i.  e.  squirts,  of  the  stem  of  this  plant.  An  instrument  for 
producing  a  noise  is  also  made.  '  When  we  were  wee  fellows  we 
used  to  make  horns  of  the  hi-how.'  Ldd.  (B.  &  H.) 

HAHO,  see  Haihow. 

HATCHES,  sb.  Sc.  Also  written  haichess  Abd.  (JAM.); 
haichus  Rxb.  (JAM.)  Force,  impetus ;  a  heavy  fall,  the 
noise  made  by  the  falling  of  a  heavy  body. 

n.Sc.  (JAM.),  Abd.  (16.)  Frf.  [She]  Mistook  a  fit  for  a  her  care, 
An'  wi'  a  haiches  fell,  MORISON  Poems  (1790)  25-  Rxb-  (JAM-) 

HAH),  see  Hade,  sb.12,  Hide,  v? 

HAID-CORN,  sb.  Nhb.  The  plants  of  wheat  in  winter. 
(HALL.),  Nhb.1  Cf.  hard-corn. 

HAIFER.v.  Whs.  e.An.  To  toil,  labour.  (HALL.^e.An.1 

HAIFTY-KAIFTY,a^'.  w.Yks.2  Also  in  form  hefty- 
kefty.  Wavering,  undecided.  Cf.  havey-cavey. 

HAIG,  HAIGEL,  see  Hag,  sb.1*,  Hagg,  v.,  Haggle,  v.1 

HAIGH,  sb.    Sc.  Wm.    A  precipice  ;  a  hillside. 

Per.  Syne  a  great  haigh  they  row'd  him  down,  DUFF  Poems,  87 
(JAM.).  Wm.  GIBSON  Leg.  (1877)  93. 

HAIGH,  v.  Lan.  Chs.  Also  written  hay.  To  raise, 
lift  up,  heave  ;  to  take  the  top  earth  off  gravel. 

Lan^AfarmeratFlixton  had  fetched  some  gravel  and  complained 
of  his  pay,  saying,  '  I  had  to  hay  it  as  well.'  Chs.1 ;  Chs.3  Hay 
it  up. 

[Nu  sket  shall  illc  an  dale  beon  All  he;hedd  upp  and 
fillcdd.  Onnulum  (c.  1200)  9204.] 

HAIGH,  HAIGLE,  see  Hag,  sb.2,  Haggle,  sb.1,  v.1 

HAIG-RAIG,  adj.    Wil.     [e-g-reg.]     Bewildered. 

SLOW  Gl.  (1892   ;  Wil.1  (s.v.  Hag-rod). 

HAIGRIE,  sb.  Sh.I.  Also  in  forms  haegrie;  hegrie 
S.  &  Ork.1  (JAM.)  [he'gri.]  The  heron,  Ardea  cinerea. 

The  .  .  .  heron  (.haigrie)  .  .  .  might  surely  have  been  scheduled 
.  .  .  [for]  protection,  Sh.  News  (Jan.  14,  1899);  Gazin'  aboot  him 
lack  a  howlin'  haegrie,  STEWART  Tales  (1892)  256;  (W.A.G.) ; 
SWAINSON Birds (1885;  144  ;  EDMONSTON  Zetl.  (1809)  II.  266  (JAM.). 

[Norw.  dial,  hegre,  a  heron  (AASEN)  ;  ON.  hegri.] 

HAIHOW,  sb.  n.Cy.  Shr.  Also  in  forms  haho  n.Cy. ; 
high  hoe  Shr.  The  green  woodpecker,  Gecinus  viridis. 

n.Cy.  Poetry  Provinc.  in  Cornfi.  Mag.  (1865)  XII.  35.  Shr.  Its 
loud,  laughing  note  has  caused  it  to  be  called  High  hoe  or  Hai  how, 
SWAINSON  Birds  (1885)  100;  Shr.1  [Pimard,  Heighaw  or  Wood- 
pecker, COTGR.] 

HAIK(E,  HAIKED,  see  Hack,  sb.12,  Hake,  sb.a,  v., 

HAIL,  sb.1    Sc.  Irel.    [hel.]    Small  shot,  pellets. 

Edb.  They  canna  eithly  miss  their  aim,  The  wail  o'  hail  they 
use  for  game,  LIDDLE  Poems  (1821)  69.  N.I.1  Sparrow  hail.  '  The 
whole  charge  of  hail  went  into  his  back.' 

[Postes,  big  hail-shot  for  herons,  geese,  and  other  such 
great  fowl,  COTGR.] 

HAIL,  v.1  Sc.  Som.  Cor.  [h)el.]  To  shout;  to 
roar,  cry. 

Frf.  They  hailed  doon  to  see  if  ony  o'  the  inmates  were  alive, 
WILLOCK  Rosetty  Ends  (1886)  72,  ed.  1889.  Som.  Trans.  Phil. 
Soc.  (1858)  159 ;  (HALL.)  Cor.  The  souls  of  the  drowned  sailors 
.  .  .  haunt  these  spots,  and  the  '  calling  of  the  dead '  has  frequently 
been  heard.  .  .  Many  a  fisherman  has  declared  he  has  heard  the 
voices  of  dead  sailors  '  hailing  their  own  names,'  HUNT  Pop.  Rom. 
w.Eng.  (1865)  366,  ed.  1896. 

HAIL,  v."  and  sb."  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Also  written  hale 
Sc.  Nhb.1  Cum.14  [hel.]  1.  v.  To  drive  the  ball  to  the 
goal ;  to  win  the  goal.  Cf.  dool,  sb.3  3. 

Edb.  When  the  ball  is  driven  to  the  enemy's  boundary  it  is 
'hailed'  (D.M.R.).  Cum.1;  Cum.4  The  ball  went  'down'  very 
soon  and  did  not  stop  until  nailed  in  the  harbour. 

Hence  Haler,  sb.  a  '  goal '  or  '  win '  in  the  game  of 
'  si  i  inn y  '  or  '  shinty.'  Cum.4 




2.  Phr.  (i)  hail  the  ball,  (2)  —  the  dool  or  dools,  a  term 
used  in  football  or  other  similar  games,  meaning  to  win  a 
goal,  drive  the  ball  through  the  goal ;  to  win  the  mark,  be 

(i)  Sc.  (JAM.)  Abd.  The  ba'  spel's  won  And  we  the  ba'  ha'e 
hail'd,  SKINNER  Poems  (1809)  51.  Nhb.  The  dawn  will  be  cheery, 
When  death  'hails'  the  ba !  PROUDLOCK  Borderland  Muse  (1896) 
248 ;  We  haled  the  baa  safe  i'  the  chorch  porch  [the  goal],  DIXON 
Shrove-tide  Customs,  6;  Nhb.1  Cum.  Others  start  to  hale  the  ball 
(E.W.P.).  (a)  See  DOOL,  sb.2  3. 

3.  sb.  The  call  announcing  the  winning  stroke  at  shinty 
and  some  other  ball  games ;  the  act  of  driving  the  ball  to 
the  boundary. 

Sc.  (JAM.) ,  Cal.1  Edb.  The  cry  of '  hail '  is  raised  at  the  game  of 
shinty  when  the  ball  is  driven  through  the  enemy's  goal  (D.M.R.). 

4.  The  goal  at  shinty,  football,  &c.  ;  the  '  goal'  scored. 
Sc.  The  struggle   is,  which  party  will  drive  the  ball  to  their 

'  hail,'  Chambers'  Information  (ed.  1842)  s.v.  Shinty  ;  The  hails  is 
wun,  T ARR AS  Poems  (1804)  66  (JAM.).  Abd.  The  hail  at  'shinty,' 
and  the  dell  at  'hunty'  and  'kee  how,'  CADENHEAD  Bon  Accord 
(1853)  192.  Edb.  The  goal  at  shinty  is  known  as  '  the  hails,'  and  a 
goal  wonisa'haiP  (D.M.R.).  Dmf.(jAM.,  s.v.  Han'-an-hail).  Nhb.1 
'  To  kick  hale  '  is  to  win  the  game.  Cum.  A  hail  at  feut-bo  between 
t'scheulhoose  an'  t'low  stump,  SARGissoN/o<?Scoa/>  (1881)2;  Cum.4 

5.  pi.  A  game  of  ball  somewhat  resembling  '  shinty '  or 
hockey  ;  see  below. 

Lth.  Great  was  the  variety  of  games  played  with  the  ball,  both 
by  boys  and  girls,  from  '  shintie '  and  '  hails '  to  '  stot-ba '  and 
'bannets,'  STRATHESK  More  Bits  (ed.  1885)  32.  Edb.  At  the  Edb. 
Academy  there  is  a  game  called  '  hails,'  which  is  akin  to  hockey, 
only  it  is  played  with  the  flat  wooden  rackets  called  'clackens,' 
and  the  manner  of  playing  is  different  (D.M.R.). 

6.  The  place   for  playing  off'  the  ball  at  hockey  and 
similar  games.        Sc.  Also  used  in  pi.  (JAM.) 

7.  Comp.  (i)  Hail-ball,  a  boys'  game ;  see  below ;  also 
called  Han-an'-hail  (q.v.) ;  (2)  -lick,  the  last  blow  or  kick 
of  the  ball,  which  wins  the  game  at  football,  &c. 

(i)  Dmf.  Two  goals  called  'hails'  or  'dules'  are  fixed  on.  .  . 
The  two  parties  then  place  themselves  in  the  middle  between  the 
goals  or  'dules,'  and  one  of  the  persons,  taking  a  soft  elastic  ball 
about  the  size  of  a  man's  fist,  tosses  it  into  the  air,  and  as  it  falls 
strikes  it  with  his  palm  towards  his  antagonists.  The  object  of 
the  game  is  for  either  party  to  drive  the  ball  beyond  the  goal  which 
lies  before  them,  while  their  opponents  do  all  in  their  power  to 
prevent  this  (JAM.,  s.v.  Han'-an-hail).  (2)  Knr.  (JAM.) 

HAIL,  int.  Yks.  Also  written  hale,  [el.]  A  cry  used 
to  drive  away  geese. 

n.Yks.  '  Hale,'  be  off  wi'  ye,  opposed  to  '  Abbey,  abbey,  abbey,' 
a  summons  to  come  ^R.H.H.).  e.Yks.  (Miss  A.) 

HAIL,  HAILL,  see  Ail,  sb. 2,  Hale,  sb.1,  adj.,  v.12,  Heal,  v? 

HAILY,  sb.  Brks.  Also  written  haighly.  [Not  known  to 
ourothercorrespondents.]  [e'li.J  An  onset,  onrush.  (J.C.K.) 

HAIM,  HAIMALD,  jsee  Hame,s6.12,  Hain,  v>,  Hamald. 

HAIN,  sb.1    Sc.     [hen.]    A  haven,  place  of  refuge. 

Ags.  The  East  Hain  'JAM.).  Frf.  The  hind  comes  in,  if  hain  he 
win,  LOWSON  Guidfollow  (1890)  242. 

HAIN,  sb.2  Chs.   [en.]   Hatred,  malice.   (HALL.),  Chs.13 

[Fr.  haine,  hatred.] 

HAIN,  v.1  and  sb*  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng. 
Also  written  haain  Brks.1  I.W.12;  haen  Abd.  Ant.;  hane 
Sc.  (JAM.) ;  hayn  s.Wor.1  Oxf.1  Hmp.1 ;  hayne  Glo.1  Som. 
Cor.12;  and  in  forms  haim  Glo.12;  hein  Frf. ;  hen-  Nhb.1 
[h)en.]  1.  v.  To  enclose,  surround  by  a  hedge  ;  to  shut 
up  or  preserve  grass  land  from  cattle,  £c.,  with  a  view  to 
a  crop  of  hay.  Also  with  up. 

Gall.  (JAM.)  Nhb.  (J.H.);  Nhb.1  A  grass  field  kept  back  from 
pasture  till  late  in  summer  is  said  to  be  hained.  Nhp.1  '  Have  you 
hained  your  land ?'  i.e.  have  you  excluded  cattle  from  the  field, 
in  order  that  the  grass  may  grow  ?  Nhp.2,  War.  (J.R.W.)  Wor. 
Old  turf  keeping  for  sale.  This  keeping  is  very  fresh,  having  been 
winterhained,£ws/ia»<./»-«.(Mayi4,i898).  s.Wor.1  Glo.J.S.F.S.); 
MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1789)  I  ;  Gl.  (1851);  Glo.12  Oxf.  When 
the  cattle  are  taken  off,  and  the  fences  made  up,  the  meadows  are 
hayned  (K.) ;  N.&Q.  (1884)  6th  S.  ix.  390  ;  Oxf.1,  Hmp.1  I.W.1 
Don't  thee  dreyve  the  cattle  into  that  meead,  caas  "tes  haain'd  up ; 
t.W.2  Wil.  They  make  a  practice  of  haining  up  their  meadows  as 
early  as  possible,  MARSHALL  Review  (1818)  II.  489 ;  BRITTON 
Beauties  (1825);  Wil.1  Dor.1  The  mead  wer  winter-hffmed.  Som. 
His  plan  is  to  winter  hayne  fifteen  acres,  Reports  Agric.  (1793- 

1813)  114  ;  (W.F.R.)  ;  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825)  ;  SWEET- 
MAN  JVincanton  Gl.  (1885).  Cor.12 

Hence  Hained,  ppl.  adj.  (i)  of  grass :  preserved  for  hay, 
not  used  as  pasture  ;  (2)  of  ground  :  enclosed,  preserved 
from  pasturage  for  a  season.  Also  usedyzg-. 

(i)  Sc.  That  the  bees  may  feed  on  the  flowers  of  the  heath  and 
late  meadows  or  hain'd,  that  is  kept  grass,  MAXWELL  Bee-Master 
(I747)  55  (JAM.)  ;  We'll  thrive  like  hainet  girss  in  May,  CHAMBERS 
Sngs.  (1829)  II.  517.  w.Eng.  MORTON  Cydo.  Agric.  (1863).  (a) 
Sc.  (JAM.)  Abd.  Hawkies  twa,  Whilk  o'er  the  craft  to  some  hained 
rig  she  leads,  STILL  Cottar's  Sunday  (1845)  18.  Flf.  Transferred 
to  a  man  who  is  plump  and  well  grown.  '  Ye've  been  on  the  hain'd 
rig"  (JAM.).  s.Sc.In  sheep-farms,  hained  ground  means,  that  which 
is  reserved  for  a  particular  purpose,  such  as  to  pasture  the  lambs 
after  they  are  weaned,  or  for  the  purpose  of  making  hay  from, 
N.  &  Q.  (1856)  2nd  S.  ii.  157.  Ayr.  Wi'  tentie  care  I'll  flit  thy 
tether  To  some  hain'd  rig,  BURNS  To  his  Auld  Mare,  st.  18.  Slk. 
That's  the  hained  grundlike,  HOGG  7afe(i838)  23,  ed.  1866.  Kcb. 
Now  weir  an'  fence  o'  wattl'd  rice  The  hained  fields  inclose, 
DAVIDSON  Seasons  (1789)  51.  n.Cy.  N.  if  Q.  (1856)  2nd  S.  ii.  157. 

2.  To  protect  or  preserve  from  harm ;  to  shield,  exculpate. 
Frf.  Hain  them  weel,  and  deil  the  fear  But  on  ye'll  get,  SANDS 

Poems  (1833)  24-  Rnf-  Wha  wadna  up  an'  rin  To  hain  a  weel 
pay'd  skin?  FINLAYSON  Rhymes  (1815)  57.  Ayr.  Be  hain'd  wha 
like,  there  was  no  excuse  for  him,  HUNTER  Studies  (1870)  26.  Lnk. 
The  guidwife,  to  hain  her  table,  Spread  a  coverin"  white  as  snaw, 
NICHOLSON  Kiluiuddie  (ed.  1895)  52.  Edb.  Hain  the  life  o'  mony 
a  brave  ane,  CRAWFORD  Poems  (1798)  91.  e.Dnr.1 

3.  To  husband,  economize,  use  sparingly ;  to  save  up, 
hoard,  lay  by. 

Sc.  It  is  well  hain'd,  that  is  hain'd  off  the  belly,  KELLY  Prov. 
(1721)  182;  Kail  hains  bread,  RAMSAY  Prov.  (1737^ ;  We  hain  our 
little  hates,  and  are  niggards  of  the  love  that  would  begin  Heaven 
for  us  even  here,  KEITH  Bonnie  Lady  (1897)  73.  Sh.I.  Dey  [bones] 
wir  weel  hained,  for  we  haed  naethin'  troo  da  voar,  I  may  say,  bit 
just  mael  an'  waiter,  STEWART  Tales  (1892)  249.  Cai.1  Kcd.  Bere 
an'  aits  in  sheaves  or  tails,  Weel  haint  the  simmer  through,  GRANT 
Lays  (1884)  3.  Abd.  I  wyte  her  squeelin's  nae  been  hain't,  Good- 
wife  (1867)  st.  13.  Frf.  Come,  hain  your  siller,  pick  an'  eat, 
BEATTIE  Arnha  (c.  1820)  16,  ed.  1882.  Per.  I  cut  the  bread  thick 
to  hain  the  butter,  FERGUSSON  Vill.  Poet.  (1897)  121.  s.Sc.  A  man 
among  men  he  For  catching  the  soveran  and  haining  the  penny  ! 
ALLAN  Poems  (1887)  65.  Rnf.  Some  hae  routh  to  spen'  an'  hain, 
NEILSON  Poems  (1877)  27.  Ayr.  Ye're  no  to  hain  your  ability  in 
the  business,  GALT  Sir  A.  Wylie  (1822)  xxviii ;  (J.M.)  Lnk.  The 
thrifty  mither  did  her  best  their  scanty  means  to  hain,  NICHOLSON 
Idylls  (1870)  129.  Edb.  He  wastes  a  poun,  an'  hains  a  penny, 
LEARMONT  Poems  (1791)  65.  Slk.  You  needna  hain  the  jeel  [jelly] 
for  there's  twa  dizzen  pats,  CHR.  NORTH  Nodes  (ed.  1856)  IV.  98. 
Rxb.  The  French  Their  lead  an'  powther  hae  nae  hain'd,  A.  SCOTT 
Poems  (ed.  1808)  142.  Gall.  What  Highlan'  han'  its  blade  would 
hain  ?  NICHOLSON  Poet.  Wks.  (1814)  178,  ed.  1897.  Wgt.  A  thrifty 
bit  wife  wha  his  weekly  wage  hains,  FRASER  Poems  (1885)  177. 
N.I.1  Ant.  '  Haen  your  kitchen,'  that  is  save  your  soup,  beef,  or 
whatever  else  you  have  got  to  eat  with  your  potatoes,  Ballymena 
Obs.  (1892).  N.Cy.1  Haining  a  new  suit  of  clothes.  Nhb.  The 
gear  I  hain,  he  just  destroys,  PROUDLOCK  Borderland  Muse 
(1896)  339  ;  Nhb.1  A  man  hains  his  food  or  drink  to  make  it  go  as 
far  as  possible.  Dur.  GIBSON  Up-Weardale  Gl.  (1870).  Cum. 
We'll  not  give  yae  pleace  a'  our  gift  An'  hain  nought  for  anither, 
Sngs.  (1866)  239  ;  Cum.4,  s.Wor.  (H.K.) 

Hence  (i)  Hained,  ppl.  adj.  (a)  saved  up,  hoarded,  pre- 
served from  use  ;  freq.  in  comb.  Weel-hained  ;  (b)  fig. 
preserved,  kept  in  store ;  (2)  Hained-up,  ppl.  adj.,  see 
(*>  «)  5  (3)  Hainer,  sb.  one  who  saves  anything  from  being 
worn  or  expended  ;  (4)  Haining,  («)  ppl.  adj.  thrifty, 
saving,  frugal,  penurious ;  (b)  sb.  economy,  frugality, 
saving;  parsimony;  (5)  Hainings,  s6.  //.earnings,  savings. 

(i,  a)  Sc.  The  long-hained  silver  is  paid  over  the  counter,  KEITH 
Prue  (1895)  159.  Abd.  I  maun  yield  my  weel-hained  gear  to  deck 
yon  modern  wa's,  CADENHEAD  Bon  Accord  (1853)  187.  Per.  She 
puts  on  her  weel-hain'd  tartan  plaid,  NICOLL  Poems  (ed.  1843)  94. 
Dmb.  It's  no  my  weel-hained  pickle  siller  that's  to  keep  him  up 
ony  langer  to  play  the  fule,  CROSS  Disruption  (1844)  i.  Ayr.  Wha 
waste  your  weel-hain'd  gear  on  damn'd  new  Brigs  and  Harbours ! 
BURNS  Brigs  of  Ayr  (1787)  1.  173.  Edb.  Hain'd  multer  hads  the 
mill  at  ease,  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  150,  ed.  1785.  Dmf.  Our 
guidwife  coft  a  snip  white  coat,  Wi'  monie  a  weel  hained  butter- 
groat,  CROMEK  Remains  (1810)  90.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll.  L.L.B.) 
Nhb.  Auld  Bella's  well  hain'd  china  ware,  PROUDLOCK  Borderland 

D  2 




Muse  ( 1896)  338.  (6)  Sc.  Hain'd  men  !  will  ye  not  heark  ?  AYTOUN 
Ballads  (ed.  1861 )  1.  91.  (a)  Sc.  It's  fair  pizen,  It's  naething  but  the 
hained-up  syndings  o'  the  glesses,  KEITH  Bonnie  Lady  (1897)  29. 
(3)  Cld.  He's  a  gude  hainer  o'  his  claise.  He's  an  ill  hainero'  his 
siller  (JAM.).  (4,  a)  Sh.I.  Der  ower  hainin  ta  spend  mair  isdey 
can  help,  Sh.  News  (Aug.  19,  1899).  Bnff.1  Elg.  Jeems,  though 
he's  hainin',  keeps  a  gey  decent  dram,  TESTER  Poems  (1865)  133. 
Ayr.  Being  of  a  haining  disposition,  SERVICE  Notandums  (1890)  9. 
(6)  Sh.1.  Lang  want,  dey  say,  is  nae  bread  hainin,  Sh.  News  (July 
9,  1898).  Abd.  That's  an  unco  haenin  o'  the  strae,  ALEXANDER 
Johnny  Gibb  (1871)  xxxvii.  Ayr.  A  spirit  of  scarting  and  haining 
that  I  never  could  abide,  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid(ed.  1887)  25.  Lnk. 
Our  John  was  aye  a  great  man  for  hainin',  ROY  Generalship  (ed. 
1895)  a.  (5)  Ayr.  My  lawful  jointure  and  honest  hainings,  GALT 
Entail  (1823)  Hi. 

4.  Phr.  (i)  hain  the  charge,  to  save  expense ;  to  grudge, 
be  penurious  ;  (a)  —  the  road,  to  save  a  journey. 

(i)  Sc.  If  my  dear  wife  should  hain  the  charge  As  I  expect  she 
will,  CHAMBERS  Sngs.  (1829)  II.  487.  (a)  Edb.  If  ye'd  stay'd  at 
hame,  and  cooked,  And  hain'd  the  road,  LIDDLE  Poems  (1821)  27. 

5.  To  save  or  spare  exertion,  trouble,  &c. 

Sc.  (JAM.)  Sh.1.  I  could  a  haind  my  trouble,  Sh.  News  (July  a, 
1898).  Inv.  To  hain  one's  self  in  a  race,  not  to  force  one's  self  at 
first  (H.E.F.).  Bch.  They  are  so  hain'd,  they  grow  so  daft,  FORBES 
Dominie  (1785)  43.  Abd.  Swankies  they  link  aff  the  pot  To  hain 
their  joes,  KEITH  Farmer  s  Ha'  (1774)  sL  60.  Slg.  Flit  in  tethers 
needless  nags  That  us'd  to  hain  us,  MUIR  Poems  (1818)  13.  Ayr. 
Sic  hauns  as  you  sud  ne'er  be  faikit,  Be  hain't  wha  like,  BURNS 
2nd  Ep.  to  Davie.  e.Lth.  I'm  suir  ye  dinna  hain  yoursel,  sir, 
HUNTER  J.  Inwick  (1895)  134.  Dmf.  Wha  toiled  sae  sair  tae  hain 
me.  QUINN  Heather  (1863)  345.  Gall.  You  know  I  havena  sought 
to  hain  you  in  the  hottest  of  the  harvest ;  neither  have  I  urged  you 
on,  NICHOLSON  Hist.  Tales  (1843)  334.  N.I.1  Ye  hained  yersel'  the 
day.  Nhb.1  A  man  takes  work  easily  and  hains  himself  in  order 
that  his  strength  may  endure  to  the  end  of  the  day. 

Hence  Hained,  ppl.  adj.  (i)  well-preserved,  not  wasted 
by  bodily  fatigue  or  exertion  ;  (2)  fie.  chaste. 

(i)  Nhb.1  A  man  who  has  gone  through  a  long  life  and  presents 
a  fresh  appearance  is  said  to  be  'weel  hained.'  (a)  Sc.  'Well- 
hained,'  not  wasted  by  venery  (JAM.). 

6.  With  on  :    to  grudge  the  expense  of  a  bargain  ;    to 
grudge  one's  pains  or  trouble. 

Efteraa've  myed  the  bargain  aa  hen'don't  (R.O.H.)  ;  Nhb.1  '  He 
seun  henned  on't,'  he  soon  gave  it  up  or  tired  of  doing  it. 

7.  With /row  or  off:  to  abstain  or  hold  aloof  from. 

Slg.  I  am  sorry  he  has  been  so  long  hained  from  Court,  BKUCE 
Sermons  (1631)  ao,  ed.  1843.  Brks.1  Us  'ool  haain  aff  vrom  taay- 
kin'  any  notice  on't  vor  a  daay  or  two,  praps  a  wunt  do't  no  moor. 

8.  To  cease  raining. 

Sh.I.  Da  rain  hained  an'  da  wind  banged  ta  wast  wi'  a  perfect 
gyndagooster,  SPENCE  Flk-Lore  (1899)  250  ;  ib.  119. 

9.  sb.  A  field  shut  up  for  hay ;  an  enclosure. 

Hrf.  (W.W.S.),  Hrf.1  Glo.  LEWIS  Gl.  (1839);  Glo.1  Wil. 
BRITTON  Beauties  (1835).  Som.  Mr.  H.,  speaking  of  an  egg  he  had 
found  on  another  person's  land,  said,  '  I  had  no  right  to  it ;  it  wasn't 
my  hain  '  (W.F.R.). 

[1.  Norw.dial.//?§7K»,to  fence  in,  enclose  (AASEN);  soON. 
hegna  (ViGFUSsoN).  3.  In  Seytoun  he  remaned,  Whair 
wyne  and  aill  was  nothing  hayned,  Sat.  Poems  (1583),  ed. 
Cranstoun,  I.  372.] 

HAIN,  v."    Lin.    To  possess. 

(HALL.);  Trans.  Phil.  Soc.  (1858)  159. 

HAIN,  v.8  e.An.  Also  in  forms  heigh'n  e.An.1 2  ; 
heign,  heig'n  Nrf. ;  heyne  Suf. ;  highen  Nrf.  [en.]  To 
raise,  heighten,  esp.  to  raise  in  price. 

e.An.1  Invariably  applied  to  the  increase  of  prices,  wages,  &c. 
e.An.1  Flour  is  hain  to-day  a  penny  a  stun.  Nrf.  Yow  would  a 
larfcd  .  .  .  tu  see  that  old  hussy  [a  cow]  hain  up  her  tail,  PATTERSON 
Man  and  Nat.  (1895)  66 ;  Master  said  ...  he  should  heig'n  the 
whole  of  his  men  on  Saturday  night,  SPILLING  Molly  Miggs  (1873] 
8 ;  I'm  afeard  that  flour  will  be  hained  again  next  week  ( W.R.E.) 
A  bricklayer  speaks  of  heigning  a  wall,  COZENS- HARDY  Broad  Nrf. 
(1893)  15;  (W.H.Y.)  ;  GROSE  (1790).  e.Nrf.  To  hain  the  rent, 
the  rick,  the  ditch,  MARSHALL  Rur.  Earn.  (1787).  w.Nrf.  Every 
thin'  is  heighen'd  'cept  wages  t'yaar,  ORTON  Beeston  Ghost  (1884)  7 
Suf.  RAVEN  Hist.  Suf.  (1895)  a6a. 

[I  have  spoke  with  Borges  that  he  shuld  heyne  the 
price  of  the  mershe,  Paston  Let.  (14651  II.  176;  Heynyn 
exalto,  elevo,  Prompt.] 

Ess.    [en.]    To  drive  away. 
Trans.  Arch.  Soc.  (1863)  II.  185  ;  (W.W.S.) 

HAIN,  V* 

HAIN  v.5  Som.  Dev.  Also  written  hayne  Dev. ;  and 
n  forms  ain  w.Som.1 ;  aine  Som.;  hend,  hen(n  Som. 
Dev. ;  yean  Dev.1 ;  yen  Dev.12  n.Dev.  nw.Dev.1  [en,  en, 
en.]  To  throw,  fling,  esp.  to  throw  stones,  &c. 

Som.  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825)  ;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873); 
Monthly  Mag.  (1814)  II.  126.  w.Som.1  Dhu  bwuuyz  bee  arneen 
stoa-unz  tu  dhu  duuks  [The  boys  are  throwing  stones  at  the  ducks  J. 
Dev.  Ef  zo  be  thee  dissent  be  quiet,  I'll  henn  thease  gert  cob  to 
thy  heyde !  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp.  (1892)  ;  Don't  you  hayne  stwones, 
there  !  PULMAN  Sketches  (1842)  103,  ed.  1871 ;  MOORE  Htst.  (1829! 
I  354  ;  Still  most  commonly  applied  to  throwing  stones,  though 
not  always,  Reports  Provinc.  (1889)  ;  Dev.1  Whan  a  had  greep  d 
down  a  wallige  of  muss,  a  ...  yean'd  et  away,  a  ;  Witherly  up 
with  his  voot  and  yand  over  the  tea-kittle,  ib.  4  ;  Dev.2  n.Dev.  Yen 
ma  thick  Cris'mus  brawn,  ROCK/I'»<  an'  AW/(i867)  st.  I ;  Tha  henst 
along  thy  Torn,  Exm.  Scold.  (1746)  I.  255.  nw.Dev.1  Yen  'n  away. 

[Our  giwes  him  ladde  wibboute  be  toun  and  henede  him 
wib  stones,  be  Holy  Rode  (c.  1300)  263.  OE.  hanan,  to 
stone  (John  x.  32).] 

HAIN,  see  Hine. 

HAINBERRIES,  sb.  Sc.  Raspberries,  the  fruit  of 
Rubus  Idaeus.  Cf.  hindberry. 

Sc.  Haw.burs  an  hainberries  grow  bonnilie,  EDWARDS  Mod. 
Poets,  3rd  S.  396.  Rxb.  (JAM.) 

HAINCH,  sb.  and  v.  Sc.  Irel.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Lakel. 
Written  hainsh  Rnf. ;  also  in  forms  bench  Sc.  Ant.  Cum.4  ; 
henge  Nhb.1 ;  hinch  Sc.  Inv.  Bnff.1  Per.  N.I.1  s.Don. 

1.  sb.  The  haunch. 

Sc.  (JAM.)  Gall.  The  upper  han'  at  last  he  has  gat,  And  reel'd 
thee  on  thy  bench  fu'  flat,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  501,  ed. 
1876.  N.I.1  The  corn  was  that  short  a  Jinny  Wran  might  ha'  sat 
on  her  hinches  an'  picked  the  top  pickle  off.  Ant.  GROSE  (1790) 
MS.  add.  (C.)  s.Don.  SIMMONS  Gl.  (1890).  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  In  con- 
stant gen.  use  (R.O.H. ). 

2.  Cotnp.  (i)  Hench-bane,  the  haunch-bone;  (2) -deep, 
up  to  the  haunches;  (3)  -hoops,  obs.,  hoops  over  which  skirts 
were  draped  ;  (4)  -knots,  bunches  of  ribbons  worn  on  the 
hips  ;  (5)  -vent,  a  triangular  bit  of  linen,  a  gore. 

(i)  Inv.  (H.E.F.)  Gall.  A  cleg  that  nips  him  on  the  hench  bane, 
CROCKETT  Raiders  (i8g4)xlvi.  (2)  Sh.I.  Da  fans  o'  snaw  wis  lyin' 
hench  deep,  Sh.  News  (Feb.  5,  1898).  Per.  In  scatter  holes  hinch- 
deep  I've  been  Wi'  dirt  a'  mestered  to  the  e'en,  SPENCE  Poems 
(1898)  165.  (3)  Ayr.  Her  twa  sisters,  in  their  hench-hoops  with 
their  fans  in  their  hands,  GALT  Entail  (1823)1.  (4)  Edb.  CHAMBERS 
Trad.  Edb.  II.  59.  (5)  Gall.  (JAM.) 

3.  A  term  in  wrestling  ;  see  below. 

Cum.4  Fallen  into  disuse  among  modern  wrestlers  ;  it  is  the 
equivalent  of  the  'half-buttock.'  The  wrestler  turns  in  as  fora 'but- 
tock '  and  pulls  his  opponent  across  his  haunch  instead  of  over  his 
back  as  in  the  '  buttock.'  '  He  was  an  excellent  striker  with  the 
right  leg,  effective  with  the  hench,  and  clever  also  at  hyping,' 
Wrestling,  142. 

4.  v.  To  throw  by  resting  the  arm  on  the  thigh,  to  throw 
under  the  leg  or  haunch  ;  to  jerk,  fling.    Also  usedySg-. 

Bnff.'  Rnf.  Natural  Fools  to  rank  an'  power  She  hainshes  un- 
deservin',  PICKEN  Poems  (1813)  I.  147.  Ayr.  He  was  the  best  at 
hainching  a  stane,  young  or  auld,  that  I  ever  saw,  SERVICE  Dr. 
Duguid  (ed.  1887)  43.  Gall.  There  were  few  places  .  .  .  from 
which  I  could  not  reach  an  erring  youth  with  pebble  cunningly 
'  henched,'  CROCKETT  Raiders  (1894)  xii.  N.I.1  To  throw  stones  by 
bringing  the  hand  across  the  thigh.  Ant  Hoo  far  can  you  throw 
a  stane  by  henchin'  it?  A  henched  it  to  him.  Ballymena  Obs. 
(1892);  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.)  Uls.  VM.B.-S.)  s.Don. 
SIMMONS  Gl.  (1890).  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  To  throw  a  stone  by  striking 
the  hand  against  the  haunch  bone  and  throwing  it  with  high  tra- 
jectory. Cum.4 

[1.  King  James  . . .  strukne  in  the  hench  or  he  was  war 
. . .  dies,  DALRYMPLE  Leslie's  Hist.  Scotl.  (1596)  II.  81.] 

HAINE,  sb.    w.Yks.2    The  same  as  Ain  (q.v.). 

HAINER,  sb.  e.An.1  [Not  known  to  our  correspon- 
dents.] The  master  who  holds  or  sustains  the  expenses 
of  the  feast. 

HAINGLE,  v.  and  sb.  Sc.  [he'ngl.]  1.  v.  To  go 
about  in  a  feeble,  languid  way;  to  hang  about,  loiter, 
wander  about  aimlessly. 

Sc.  They  haingled  frae  folk  to  folk,  WADDELL  Ps.  (1871)  cv.  13; 




(JAM.)  e.Fif.  To  haingle  aboot  through  the  streets  o'  a  big  city, 
LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  xviii. 

2.  sb.  A  lout,  booby,  an  awkward  fellow. 

Sc.  I'll  gar  ye — ye  wilycart  huingle ;  an  ye  gie  me  sic  a  fright. 
Si.  Patrick  (1819)  (JAM.). 

3.  pi.  The  influenza. 

Ags.  From  hanging  so  long  about  those  who  are  afflicted  with 
it,  often  without  positively  assuming  the  form  of  a  disease  GAM.). 

4.  Phr.  to  hae  the  haingles,  to  be  in  a  state  of  ennui,     ib. 
HAINING,  sb.    Sc.   Nhb.  Yks.   Lan.   Der.  Glo.  Brks. 

Also  in  form  haning  Abd.  [h)e-nin.]  The  preserving  of 
grass  for  cattle  ;  protected  grass  ;  any  fenced  field  or  en- 
closure ;  a  separate  place  for  cattle.  See  Hain,  v.1 

Abd.  As  haining  water'd  with  the  morning  dew,  Ross  Helenore 
(1768)  140,  ed.  Nimmo ;  Any  field  where  the  grass  or  crop  is 
protected  from  being  eaten  up,  cut,  or  destroyed,  whether  inclosed 
or  not  (JAM.).  Nhb.  A  company  of  hay-makers,  whose  work  in 
the  adjacent  haining  had  been  interrupted,  Denham  Tracts  (ed. 
1895)  II.  208;  Nhb.i  w.Yks.  LUCAS  Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882) 
Gl.  Lan.  DAVIES  Races  (1856)  268.  Der.  The  laying  or  shutting 
up  meadows  for  hay  is  called  hayning,  GLOVER  Hist.  ^1829)  I.  203. 
Glo.1  Brks.  We  present  that  no  owner  or  occupier  of  land  in 
Northcroft  has  a  right  to  hitch,  enclose,  or  feed  any  of  the  lands 
there  from  the  usual  time  of  hayning  to  the  customary  time  of 
breaking,  Rec.  Court  Leet  (1830)  in  Newbury  Wkly.  News  (Feb.  16, 
1888) ;  Brks.1 

Hence  (i)  Haining-ground,  sb.  an  outlet  for  cattle;  (2) 
•time,  sb.  cropping-time,  while  the  fields  or  crops  are  en- 
closed in  order  to  keep  out  cattle. 

(i)  Lan.1  (a)  Ayr.  Vnles  the  samyn  guddis  be  sufficientlie 
tedderit  in  hanyng  tyme,  Burgh  Rec.  Prestwick  (Oct.  2,  1605) 
OAM.  Suppl.). 

HAINING,  adj.  Obs.  Yks.  Of  the  weather :  cold, 

w.Yks.  In  1871  I  was  just  able  to  rescue  the  word  from  oblivion. 
.  .  .  Since  then  I  have  not  found  anyone  who  knows  it,  LUCAS 
Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882)  Gl. 

HAINISH,  adj.1  Hrt.  Ess.  Also  in  form  ainish  Hrt. 
[e-nij.]  1.  Unpleasant,  used  esp.  of  the  weather,  showery, 
rainy.  Cf.  hayness. 

Ess.  Monthly  Mag.  (1814)  I.  498  ;  Trans.  Arch.  Soc.  (1863)  II. 
185;  Gl.  (1851);  Ess.1 
2.  Awkward,  ill-tempered. 

Hrt.  He  was  such  an  ainish  old  man  (G.H.). 

[1.  Prob.  a  form  of  lit.  E.  heinous.} 

HAINISH,  adj.2  Pern.  Also  written  haynish.  [e'nij.] 
Greedy,  ravenous  ;  craving  for  a  thing. 

s.Pem.  LAWS  Little  Eng.  (1888)  420;  So,  man,  yea'l  be  very 
haynish,  yea'l  get  the  whole  haws  (W.M.M.). 

HAINRIDGE,  see  Henridge. 

HAJPS,  sb.  Sc.  Yks.  Lan.  Also  in  form  haip  Fif. 
A  sloven. 

Fif.  She  jaw'd  them,  misca'd  them  For  clashin'  claikin'  haips, 
DOUGLAS  Poems  (1806)  125.  w.Yks.  (HALL.),  w.Yks.1,  ne.Lan.1 

HAIR,  sb.  and  v.  Var.  dial,  forms  and  uses  in  Sc. 
Irel.  and  Eng.  I.  Dial,  forms  :  (i)  Haar,  (2)  Har,  (3) 
Hear(r,  (4)  Heear,  (5)  Heer,  (6)  Heere,  (7)  Hewr,  (8) 
Huer,  (9)  Hure,  (10)  Ure,  (n)  Yar,  (12)  Yare,  (13)  Year, 
(14)  Yor,  (15)  Yur,  (16)  Yure. 

(i)  S.  &  Ork.1  w.Yks.  His  haar  he  ne'er  puts  comb  in.TwiSLETON 
Poems  (c.  1867)  I.  6.  Glo.  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  197.  (2)  Oxf.1 
(3)  Cum.  It  wad  ha  keep't  me  a  noor  lang  to  swort  up  me  hearr, 
Willy  Wattle  (1870)  7  ;  Cum.1  (4)  Wm.  T'heeara  mi  heead  steead 
an  end,  Spec.  Dial.  (1885)  pt.  iii.  3.  (5)  Der.1,  nw.Der.1  Lin.  Long 
and  black  ma  heer  was  then,  Monthly Pckt.  (Apr.  1862)377.  (6)  Ken. 
(G.B.)  (7)Lan.  Mehhewr  war clottertwi' gore, AINSWORTH  Witches 
(ed.  1849)  Introd.  iii.  (8)  w.Yks.1  (9)  n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Lan. 
Till  it  come  to  meh  hure,  TIM  BOBBIN  View  Dial.  (1740)  17 ;  Lan.1, 
Chs.12,  nw.Der.1  (10)  Lan.  Noane  hauve  us  mich  ure  oppo  his 
faze  us  sum  o  yo  chaps  ban,  ORMEROD  Felleyfro  Rachde  (1864)  ii. 
(n)  Cum.1 ;  Cum.3  A  scwore  of  as  bonnie  Galloway  Scots  as  iver 
bed  yar  o'  t'ootside  on  them,  32.  Wm.  T'red  en  yalla  tale  wi'  o 
t'yar  ont,  ROBISON  Aald  Tales  (1882)  9.  n.Lan.1,  se.Wor.1  Shr.1 
The  child  mun'ave'eryar  cut  short,  I  doubt.  Hrf.2,Oxf.»  (i2)Brks. 
His  yead  did  graw  above  his  yare,  HUGHES  Scour.  White  Horse 
(1859)  vii.  (13)  n-Wil.  Yer  year  uz  lik  a  vlock  o'  gwoats,  KITE 
Sng.  Sol.  (1860)  iv.  i.  (14)  Wor.  ALLIES  Antiq.  Flk-Lore  (1840) 
366,  ed.  1852.  (15)  Cum.1  Glo.  Hev  thi  yur  cut,  Roger  Plowman, 
29.  (16)  Lan.1,  e.Lan.1,  m.Lan.1,  Chs.128,  s.Chs.1,  nw.Der.1 

II.  Dial.  uses.  1.  sb.  In  comb,  (i)  Hair-beard,  the 
field  woodrush,  Luzula  campestris ;  (2)  -bell,  the  foxglove, 
Digitalis  purpurea;  (3)  -breed,  a  hair-breadth,  a  very 
narrow  margin ;  (4)  -breeds,  little  by  little,  by  slow  de- 
grees;  (5)  -charm,  see  below;  (6)  -hung  or  -hanged, 
hanging  by  the  hair ;  (7)  -kaimer,  a  hairdresser ;  (8) 
•knife,  a  knife  used  in  freeing  butter  from  hairs ;  (9)  -line, 
(a)  a  fishing-line  made  of  hair ;  (b)  a  kind  of  cloth  with 
very  fine  stripes  ;  (10)  -pitched,  (a)  bald  ;  (b)  having 
rough,  unbrushed  hair  or  coat  ;  (n)  -scaup,  the  crown  of 
the  head ;  (12)  -shagh,  -shard,  or  -shaw,(  13)  -shorn-lip,  a  cleft 
lip  ;  a  hare-lip  ;  ( 14)  -sit,  a  scented  mucilaginous  prepara- 
tion for  keeping  the  hair  in  place  ;  (15)  -sore,  (a)  when 
the  skin  of  the  head  is  sore  from  any  cause,  as  from 
a  cold ;  (b)  fig.  touchy,  ready  to  take  offence ;  (16) 
-teemsey,  a  fine  sieve,  with  a  grating  of  hair-cloth,  used 
for  sifting  fine  flour,  &c. ;  (17)  -tether,  a  tether  made  of 
hair;  (18)  -weed,  the  greater  dodder,  Cuscuta  europaea, 
or  the  lesser  dodder,  C.  Epithymum. 

(i)  Nhp.1  This  plant,  being  one  of  the  harbingers  of  spring,  and 
gen.  making  its  appearance  in  mild,  genial  weather,  has  originated 
the  following  prophetic  adage  :  'When  the  hair-beard  appear  The 
shepherd  need  not  fear.'  (2)  Ir.  Science  Gossip  (1870)  135.  (3) 
n.Yks.2  ;  n.Yks.4  He 'scaped  wiv  his  leyfe,  bud  it  war  nobbut  byv 
a  hair-breed.  m.Yks.1,  n.Lin.1  (4)  n.Yks.1  ;  n.Yks.4  Wa're  bod- 
duming  what  tha  did  byv  hair-breeds.  Willie  mends,  bud  it's 
nobbut  byv  hair-breeds.  (.5)  Sh.I.  Peggy  still  breathingthreatenings 
and  slaughter  against  Sarah  o'  Northouse  for  abstracting  her  butter 
profit,  and  against  himself  for  not  being  more  expert  in  obtaining 
the  hair-charm  from  the  said  Sarah's  cow  ;  for  in  this  important 
enterprise  he  had  failed,  owing  to  that  wide-awake  individual 
coming  upon  him  just  at  the  moment  he  was  in  the  act  of  applying 
the  shears  to  Crummie's  side,  STEWART  Tales  (1892)  54.  (6)  Lnk. 
Absalom's  lyfe,  hayre-hung,  betwene  two  trees,  LITHGOW  Poet. 
Rent.  (ed.  1863)  Si:  Welcome ;  Proud  Absalom  was  hair-hangd  on 
a  tree,  ib.  Gushing  Teares.  (7)  Edb.  Hair-kaimers,  crieshy  gizy- 
makers,  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  174,  ed.  1785.  (8)  Sc.  (JAM.) 
(9,  a)  Sc.  Wi'  hair-lines,  and  lang  wands  whuppin  the  burns, 
LEIGHTON  Words  (1869)  17.  Lnk.  There's  a  haill  saxpince  worth 
o'  hair-line  and  gut,  GORDON  Pyotshaw  (1885)  116.  (6)  w.Yks. 
(J.M.)  (10,  a)  Cor.1  '  Hair-pitched  ould  hermit,'  term  of  reproach ; 
Cor.2  (b]  Cor.  The  cow  would  go  round  the  fields  bleating  and 
crying  as  if  she  had  lost  her  calf;  she  became  hair-pitched, 
and  pined  away  to  skin  and  bone,  HUNT  Pop.  Rom.  ui.Eng. 
(1865)  109,  ed.  1896;  THOMAS  Randigal  Rhymes  (1895)  Gl. ; 
A  person  covered  with  loose  hairs  shed  by  a  horse,  &c.  is 
said  to  be  hair-pitched  (M.A.C.) ;  Cor.3  It  indicates  the  state  of 
the  hair  when  from  the  over-dryness  of  the  skin  it  sticks  up 
irregularly  and  cannot  be  smoothed,  (n)  n.Yks.2  (12)  Sc.  A 
hair-shagh  urisum  and  grim,  DRUMMOND  Muckomachy  (1846)  7. 
Abd.  He  has  a  hairshard  (G.W.).  Per.  He  has  a  hairshaw  (ib!). 
Gall.  (A.W.)  (13)  s.Chs.1  (14)  n.Yks.2  (15,  a)  Chs.1  It  may 
sometimes  be  naturally  tender ;  at  any  rate  yure-sore  is  looked 
upon  as  a  real  and  almost  incurable  disease  ;  Chs.2  (A)  Chs.1  (16) 
Nhb.1  (17)  Sc.  Supposed  to  be  employed  in  witch-craft  (JAM.). 
(18  Bdf.  Dodder,hell-weed, or  devil's-guts(CKsc«to£'»<>'o/>ra)  is  called 
hale-weed,  hair-weed,  and  beggar-weed  in  this  neighbourhood, 
BATCHELOR  Agric.  (1813)  325.  Hrt.  ELLIS  Mod.  Hush.  (1750)  IV. 
ii.  Nrf.  We  could  never  cut  the  hair-weed,  EMERSON  5o«  of  Fens 
(1892)  103. 

2.  Phr.  (i)  hair  and  head,  an'  that's  all,  said  of  one  with- 
out brains  or  sense ;  (2)  —  and  lime,  see  below ;  (3)  — 
about,  an  expression  used  to  describe  the  hair  when  it  is 
changing  to  grey  ;  (4)  —  of  the  head  clock,  a  clock  hanging 
to  the  wall,  with  weights  and  pendulum  exposed  ;  (5) 
in  her  hair,  in  full  dress ;  (6)  a  dog  of  a  different  hair, 
a  person  or  thing  of  a  different  kind  ;  (7)  to  a  hair, 
exactly;  (8)  to  find  or  have  a  hair  in  the  neck,  (a)  to  find 
fault  with ;  (b)  to  experience  a  difficulty  or  annoyance  ; 
(9)  to  have  hair  on  one's  head,  to  be  clever,  cautious,  or 
wise;  (10)  to  lug  the  hair,  to  pull  the  hair;  (n)  to  miss 
every  hair  of  his  head,  to  miss  any  one  very  much  ;  (12)  to 
stand  upon  a  hair,  to  be  within  a  very  little,  to  be  '  touch 
and  go '  with  ;  (13)  to  take  one's  hair  off,  to  surprise 
greatly ;  (14)  a  hair  needed  to  make  a  cable  or  a  tether,  to 
exaggerate  greatly,  make  much  of  a  trifle ;  (15)  hilt  or 
hair,  absolutely  nothing ;  used  with  a  neg. 

(i)  n.Yks.2  (s.v.  Heead).    (2)  n.Yks.  At  old  farm  houses,  when 




saltfish  was  eaten  to  dinner,  they  took  what  was  spared,  picked  out 
the  bones,  and  hashed  it  up  for  supper  with  potatoes,  and  pepper 
and  salt.   This  was  called  hair  and  lime  (I.W.) .    (3)  Ant.  (W.H.P.) 
(4)  w.Yki.  (S.P.U.)     (5)  Wxf.  They  speak  of  a  lady  going  to  an 
evening  party  '  in  her  hair,'  meaning  '  in  full  dress"  I.J.S.).     (6) 
Lan.  Nawe  Bright's  a  dog  of  a  different  yure,   BRIERLEY  Old 
Radicals,  n.     (7)  s.Sc.  It's  nowther  birsslet  by  the  sun  owr  sair, 
Nor  starv't  aneath  a  winter  sky,  But  right  t'  a  hair,  T.  SCOTT  Poems 
('793''  349-     Dmb.  I've  seen  a  place  that'll  fit  us  to  a  vera  hair, 
CROSS  Disruption  (1844)  vi.   Edb.  Whate'er  disease  he  didna  care, 
J —  could  cure  them  to  a  hair,  FORBES  Poems  (i8ia)  85.     n.Cy. 
(J.W.)     Lan.  Hoo  [she]  knows  th'  temper  o'  my  inside  to  a  yure, 
WAUGH  Snowed-up,  i ;  Lan.1     Nhp.1  To  suit  you  to  a  hair.    (8,  a) 
Sc.   To  hold  another   under   restraint   by  having  the  power  of 
saying  or  doing  something  that  would  give  pain   (JAM.).     s.Sc. 
Your  husband  was  a  maist  worthy  man.     Though  a  barber,  nae 
man  ever  fand  a  hair  i'  his  neck,  WILSON  Tales  (1836)  III.  67.    (A) 
Per. '  That's  a  hair  in  yer  neck."     Something  to  make  you  think 
about,  a  difficult  point  for  you  (G.W.).     Lnk.  It  wad  hae  been  a 
gey  sair  hair  i'  her  neck  for  mony,  mony  a  lang  day,  GORDON 
Pyotshaw  (1885)  40.     (9)  Fit   (JAM.)     (10)  Chs.i  Aw'll  lug  thy 
yure  for  thee.      (n)  s.Wor.1  35.     (13)  Sh.I.  Hit  juist  stQde  apon 
a  hair  'at  wir  coortin'  didna  caese  dair  an'  dan,  Sh.  News  (Nov.  26, 
1898).     (13)  e.Suf.  That  takes  my  hair  off  (F.H.).     (14)  Sc.  A'  he 
wanted  was  a  hair  To  mak'  a  tether,  FORD  Thistledown  (1891)  205. 
Sh.I.  Der  among  wis  'at  only  need  a  hair  ta  mak'  a  tedder,  Sh. 
News  (May  7,  1898).   Abd.  Imagined  by  folk  that  ken't  nae  better, 
an'  when  they  got  a  hair  would  mak'  a  tether  o't,  Deeside  Tales 
(1873)  141.     Per.  Clear  of  all  this  clachan  rabble  Who  with  one 
hair  can  make  a  cable,  SPENCE  Poems  (1898)  168.   Dmb.  Rummaged 
through  the  hoose  for  a  hair  to  mak'  a  tether  o't,  CROSS  Disruption 
(1844)  xxviii.     Rnf.  Just  gie  him  a  hair  to  mak  a  tether,  He  needs 
nae  mair,  WEBSTER  Rhymes  (1835)  107.     Ayr.  When  once  she 
found  a  hair,  She  soon  a  tether  made,  WHITE  Joltings  '1879)  178. 
Edb.  You  only  wanted  but  a  hair  As  a  pretext  to  mak  a  tether, 
LIDDLE  Poems  (1831)  134.     (15)  Dmb.  If  never  hilt  or  hair  o't  had 
been  seen  or  heard  tell  o'  wha  wad  ha'e  been  to  blame  but  yoursel  ? 
CROSS  Disruption  (1844)  xxviii. 

8.  A  filament  of  flax  or  hemp ;  a  sixth  of  a  hank  of  yarn. 
S.&Ork.1   Ayr.  A  hesp  o' seven  heere  yarn,GALT  Entail  (1823) 

4.  A  very  small  portion  or  quantity  of  anything;  a  trifle, 
the  smallest  possible  amount. 

Sc.  A  hair  of  meal,  a  few  grains  (JAM.)  ;  They  seemed  all  a  hair 
set  back  and  gave  various  answers,  STEVENSON  Catriona  (1893) 
xvii.  Sh.I.  Some  got  a  hair  o  'oo',  an'  som'  got  what  he  ca'd  sax- 
penny  rivlins,  Sh.  News  (Mar.  4,  1899).  Frf.  An  elder  o'  the 
kirk,  an' ...  Cent  a  hair  the  waur  o'  that,  WILLOCK  Rosetty  Ends 
(1886)  25,  ed.  1889.  Per.  There  wasna  the  hair  o'  a  stroke  on  it, 
Sandy  Scott  (1897)  65.  Rnf.  I  proffer'd  a  hair  o'  my  sneeshin, 
WEBSTER  Rhymes  ( 1835)  8a.  Edb.  N'  excrescence  left  t'  improve  't 
a  hair,  Sae  weel's  ye've  done  it,  LIDDLE  Poems  (1821)  136.  Gall. 
MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1834)  251,  ed.  1876.  NJ.1  '  No  a  hair 
feared,'  not  a  bit  afraid.  N.Cy.1  A  hair  of  salt.  A  hair  of  meal. 
Nhb.1  Snr.1  I've  never  been  a  hair's  malice  with  him. 

5.  The  cprn-spurrey,  Spergula  aruensis.    Cum.1 

6.  A  hair-cloth   used   in  the  cider-press.    Gen.  in  pi. 
s.Wor.1,  Shr.1,  Hrf.2,  Glo.  (A.B.)      7.  The  cloth  on  the 
oast  above  the  fire,  upon  which  the  hops  are  dried.  Ken  ' 

8.  v.  Phr.  to  hair  butter,  to  free  butter  of  hairs,  &c.  by 
passing  a  knife  through  it  in  all  directions. 

Peb.  A  large  knife . .  .  was  repeatedly  passed  through  it  [butter] 
in  all  directions,  that  hairs  and  other  impurities  might  be  removed. 
.  .  .  This  practice,  then  universal,  was  called  hairing  the  butter, 
Agric.  Surv.  Si  (JAM.)- 

HAIRED,  pfl.  adj.  Sc.  Having  a  mixture  of  white 
and  red  or  white  and  black  hairs.  Fif.  (JAM.) 

HAIREN,  adj.  Sc.  Also  e.An.  w.Cy.  Dev.  Written 
barren  e.An.1  Made  of  hair. 

S.  ft  Ork.1,  Cai.1  Bnff.  They  took  a  hairen  tether  and  hanged 
him,  KEITH  Leg.  Strathisla  (1851)  77.  Abd.  (JAM.)  e.An.1  •  A 
barren  brum/  is  a  hair  broom.  w.Cy.  (J.W.)  Dev.  In  explaining 
to  me  the  harness  of  pack-saddles,  T.  C.  said  that  '  a  hairen  gease ' 
completely  encircled  the  body  of  the  animal.  This  peculiar  form 
of  gease  [girth]  was  made  partly  of  hair  webbing  and  partly  of 
rope,  the  two  parts  respectively  passing  under  the  belly  and  over 
the  saddle  on  the  back,  Reports  Provinc.  (1893). 

HAIRIF,  sb.  In  gen.  dial,  use  in  Eng.  Also  in  forms 
airess  w.Yks. ;  aireve  Midi. ;  airif  Lin. ;  airup  Yks. ; 

aress  w.Yks. ;  eerif  s.Chs.1 ;  eriff,  erith  s.Not.1 ;  errif(f 
Chs.18  Stf.2  Not.1  Rut.1  Lei.1 ;  haireve  Glo.1 ;  hairough 
e-Yks.1  Midi.  Lei.1;  hairrough  n.Yks.2;  hairup  e.Yks.1 ; 
harif(f  N.Cy.2  n. Yks.2  e. Yks.1  Not.  sw.Lin.1  Glo.1;  hariffe 
Shr.1 ;  ban-up  Yks. ;  hayriff  sw.Lin.1  War.2  s.Wor.1 
se.Wor.1  Rdn.  Dev.4  ;  heiriff(e  Nhp.1;  herif(f  Chs.1  Midi. 
Stf.2  War.8  Hmp.1 ;  herrif  Not.  [h)a-rif,  e'rif,  e'rif.] 

1.  The  goose-grass,  Galium  Aparine. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790) ;  N.Cy.2,  Yks.  (B.  &  H.),  n.Yks.2  e.Yks. 
MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788) ;  e.Yks.1,  w.Yks.  (B.  &  H.),  Chs.13, 
s.Chs.1  Midi.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1796)  II;  Science  Gossip 
(1869)  26.  Stf.  Reports  Agric.  (1793-1813)  95 ;  Stf.2  Not.  YOUNG 
Annals  Agric.  (1784-1815)  XXIII.  151;  (W.H.S.) ;  Not.1,  s.Not. 
(J.P.K.),  n.Lin.1  sw.Lin.1  We  call  that  hariff;  when  we  were 
childer,  we  used  to  flog  our  tongues  wi'  it,  to  make  them  bleed. 
Rut1  The  crop  wur  half  erriff.  Lei.1,  Nhp.1,  War.23,  s.Wor.1, 
se.Wor.1,  Shr.1,  Hrf.  (B.  &  H.),  Rdn.  (B.  &  H.)  Glo.  MARSHALL 
Rur.  Econ.  (1789)  I ;  Science  Gossip  (1876)  167  ;  Glo.1,  Hmp.1 

2.  The  meadow-sweet,  Spiraea  Ulmaria.     Dev.4 

[L  Rubea  minor,  hayrive,  Sin.  Barth.  (c.  1350)  37.  OE. 
hegerife  (Leechdoms).} 

HAIRLY,  HAIRM,  see  Hardleys,  Harm,  v. 

HAIR-MOULD,  sb.  Sc.  Mouldiness  which  appears 
on  bread,  &c.,  caused  by  dampness.  Also  used  attrib. 

Sc.  (JAM.  '  Bnff.  On  hair-mould  bannocks  fed,  TAYLOR  Poems 
(Il^l}  3.  Edb.  I  vow  my  hair-mould  milk  would  poison  dogs, 
FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  108,  ed.  1785. 

[Mucor,  hery  mowldnes  :  vitium  pants,  acorpotus,  rancor 
carnis,  DUNCAN  Etym.  (1595).] 

see  Harden,  v.,  Hairif,  Hearse,  Hership. 

HAIRY,  adj.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng. 
Written  harey  N.I.1  1.  Comp.  (i)  Hairy-bind,  the 
greater  dodder,  Cuscuta  europaea ;  (2)  -brotag,  any  very 
large,  hairy  caterpillar ;  (3)  -bummler,  a  name  given  to 
several  kinds  of  crabs  ;  (4)  -granfer,  (5)  -hoobit,  -Hubert, 
or  -oobit,  see  (2) ;  (6)  -hutcheon,  a  sea-urchin  ;  (7)  -man, 
the  larva  of  the  tiger-moth ;  (8)  -milner,  see  (2) ;  (9) 
•moggans,  hose  without  feet ;  (10)  -palmer,  (n)  -tailor, 
see  (2) ;  (12)  -wig,  the  earwig  ;  (13)  -worm,  see  (2). 

(i)  Hrt.  ELLIS  Mod.  Husb.  (1750)  IV.  ii.  (2)  Cai.1  (3!  Bnff.1 
(4)  Cor.  (M.A.C.)  (5)  Bnff.  He  lifted  up  his  hand  to  wipe  some- 
thing off  his  cheek.  It  was  a  hairy  oobit,  SMILES  Natur.  (ed.  1893) 
191  ;  The  hairy-oubits  hid  frae  view,  SHELLEY  Flowers  (1868)  56. 
Nhb.  If  you  throw  a  hairy  worm,  in  the  North  called  Hairy-Hubert, 
over  your  head,  and  take  care  not  to  look  to  see  where  it  alights, 
you  are  sure  to  get  something  new  before  long,  BROCKIE  Leg. 
140 ;  Nub.1  Sometimes  applied  to  a  showy,  helpless  character. 
(6)  Rxb.  (JAM.)  (7)  e.Yks.  Nature  Notes,  No.  4.  w.Yks. 
(.W.M.E.F.)  (8)  w.Wor.1  (9)  Fif.  (JAM.)  (10)  w.Som.1  Ae'uree 
paarmur.  (n)  Shr.<  (12)  Ken.  (G.B.)  (13)  Nhb.1,  Cum.", 
n.Ykg.  (I.W.),  n.Yks."  e.Yks.1  MS.  add.  VT.H.) 

2.  Clever,  sharp,  capable  ;  cunning. 

N.I.1  Wmh.  If  it  is  proposed  to  send  a  boy  on  business  to  a 
fair,  &c.  it  will  be  said,  '  O,  he  is  not  hairy  enough  for  that '  (E.M  )  • 
You'd  want  to  be  very  hairy  to  catch  fish  (M.S.M.). 

3.  Flighty,  light-headed. 

Nhb.  In  my  recollection  every  one  shaved  some  part  of  his  face, 
except  imbeciles  or  lunatics.  Hence  probably  the  term  (M.H.D.). 

HAISER,  v.  Sc.  Irel.  Also  written  haisre,  haizre  Sc. 
(JAM.  Suppl.)  ;  haizer  Sc.  (JAM.) ;  and  in  formhazerd  N.I.1 
[he-zar]  To  dry  clothes  in  the  open  air.  See  Haze,  v.\ 
Hazle,  v. 

Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.)  Abd.  Our  clothes  are  out  'haiserin.'  Fresh 
air  and  sunlight  are  required  to  haiser  recently-washed  clothes 

Hence  Haizert  or  Hazerded,  ppl.  adj.  half-dried,  sur- 

Ayr.  (JAM.)  NX1  Them  clothes  are  not  dry  at  all :  they're  only 

HAISK,  HAISLE,  see  Hask,  adj.,  Hazle,  v. 

HAISS,  adj.  Sc.  Also  written  hess  GAM.),  [hes.l 
Hoarse.  (JAM.),  Cai.1  Cf.  hose,  adj. 

[OE.  has,  hoarse ;  cp.  OHG.  heis,  '  raucus '  (GRAFF).! 

HAIST,  see  Harvest. 

HAISTER,  v.  and  sb.  Sc.  Cum.  Wm.  Also  written 
hasterCum.Wm. ;  haysterCum.1  [he-star.]  1.  v.  To 




do  anything  hurriedly  or  in  a  slovenly  manner  ;  to  act  or 
speak  without  consideration. 

Rxb.  Applied  to  bread,  when  ill-toasted.  Any  work  ill  done, 
and  in  a  hurried  way,  is  also  said  to  be  haister'd  (JAM.).  Cum.4 
Food  put  into  a  quick  oven  may  be  overcooked  and  spoiled ;  it  is 
then  haister't. 

Hence  Haistering,  ppl.  adj.  careless,  slovenly. 

Rxb.  '  A  haisterin"  hallock,'  a  careless  or  slovenly  gillflirt  (JAM.). 

2.  To  fatigue  with  hard  work  ;  to  pull  about  roughly  ;  to 

Cum.  Young  Martha  Todd  was  haister't  sair  By  rammish  Wully 
Barr'as,  GILPIN  Sngs.  (1866)  281 ;  Cum.24 

Hence  Haister'd,  pp.  roughly  treated,  harassed  by  cold ; 
of  the  skin  :  roughened,  chapped. 

Cnm.1 ;  Cum.4  An  animal  severely  pinched  by  hunger  and  cold 
is  haister't.  '  Yon  nag's  o'  hastered.'  Wm.  Mi  feeace  is  o'  hestsr'd 
wi'  t'helm  wind  (B.K.). 

3.  sb.   One  who  speaks  or  acts  confusedly.    In  pi.  form. 
Rxb.  QAM.) 

4.  A  slovenly  woman  ;  confusion,  hodge-podge. 

Slk.  (i'6.)  Rxb.  Sometimes  applied  to  a  great  dinner  confusedly 
set  down  (ik.). 

5.  A  surfeit.         LINTON  Lake  Cy.  (1864)  305;  Cum.4 
HAISTER,  sb.   Shr.  (HALL.)   The  same  as  Astre  (q.v.). 
HAIT,  int.  and  v.     In  gen.  dial,  use  in  Sc.  and  Eng. 

Also  written  hayt  n.Yks.1  Not.1  Lei.1  War.3  Wil. ;  and  in 
forms  ait  Chs. ;  ate,  hate  Chs.1 ;  heet  Shr.1 ;  height 
n.Yks.  e.Yks.1  s.Lan.  nw.Der.1  n.Lin.1  Shr.  Hrf.  Suf.1 ; 
heit  n.Cy.  s.Chs:1  nw.Der.1  Rut.1  Nhp.12  Shr.1  Suf.1  Dev.  ; 
het  s.Wor.  Glo.1  Oxf.1 ;  hett  w.Yks.1  ;  hite  Nhb.1  Wm. 
Yks. ;  hout  Glo. ;  huyt  s.Dur. ;  hyte  Lth.  n.Yks.1 ;  yate 
w.Yks.2  Nhp.2  [h)et,  eat,  eit,  it.]  1.  int.  A  call  to  urge 
horses  or  other  animals  to  go  on. 

Wm.  A  sheep  dog  is  urged  to  the  furthermost  point  of  the  field 
by  the  shepherd  calling  out  to  it,  '  Hite  away  !  Hite  away  roond  ! ' 
(B.K.)  s.Lan.  (W.H.T.)  Rnt.1  Heit !  Jack  !  s.Pem.  Used  fifty 
years  ago  in  urging  the  bullocks  (W.M.M.).  Glo.  A  carter's  phrase 
to  encourage  his  horse,  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  179.  Dev.  ib. 

2.  A  call  to  the  horse  to  go  to  the  left. 

Nhb.1  Yks.  For  '  gee '  and  '  06,'  the  carters  say '  hite '  and  '  ree ' 
(K.).  n.Yks.1  The  old  word  of  command  to  the  horses  in  a  team 
or  the  plough  to  turn  towards  the  driver,  or  to  the  left.  w.Yks.12, 
Sus.1,  Ess.  (H.H.M.) 

Hence  (i)  Haito  or  Hayto,  sb.  a  child's  name  for  a 
horse ;  (2)  Hait-wo,  int.  a  call  to  horses  to  go  to  the  left  ; 
(3)  Heighty-oss,  sb.,  see  (i) ;  (4)  Highty,  int.,  see  (2). 

(i)  Wil.1  n.WU.  Look  at  the  haitos  then  !  (E.H.G.)  (2)  e.An.1, 
Wil.1  (3)  e.Yks.1  (4)  n.Cy.  DARTNELL&  GODDARD  Wds.  (1893). 

3.  A  call  to  the  horse  to  go  to  the  right  or  off-side,  away 
from  the  carter. 

Chs.  (E.M.G.),  Chs.1  s.Chs.1  Heit  off.  nw.Der.1  Not.  Height 
agean  (E.P.)  ;  Not.1  n.Lin.1  Obsol.  Lei.1  Nhp.1  A  command  to 
the  filler,  or  shaft-horse,  to  go  from  the  driver;  Nhp.2  A  word 
addressed  to  the  second  horse  in  a  team.  War.3,  s.Wor.  (H.K.) 
Shr.1  (s.v.  Waggoner's  Words).  Shr.,  Hrf.  BOUND  Provinc.  (1876). 
Glo.1  Het  off!  Oxf.1  Het  up.  e.Suf.  (F.H.)  Hmp.  Formerly  at 
harvest  suppers,  a  song  was  sung  in  praise  of  the  head  carter,  the 
chorus  of  which  was,  '  With  a  heit,  with  a  ree,  with  a  who,  with 
a  gee,'  HOLLOWAY. 

4.  Phr.  (i)  neither  hait  nor  ree,  neither  one  side  nor  the 
other ;  used  fig.  of  a  wilful  person  who  will  go  his  own 
way  ;  (2)  always  of  hite  or  of  shite,  said  of  a  person  with 
an  uncertain,  uneven  temper. 

(i^  n.Cy.  He  will  neither  heit  nor  ree,  GROSE  (1790).  Nhb.1  She 
wou'd  neither  hyte  nor  ree.  n.Yks.  Thou'l  neither  height  nor 
ree,  MERITON  Praise  Ale  (1684)  1.  415.  (2)  Wm.  (B.K.) 

5.  v.   To  urge  or  egg  on  ;  to  urge  on  a  horse. 

Lth.  He  hyted,  he  huppit — in  vain,  O  !  He  ferlied  what  gaured 
his  horse  stand  like  a  stock,  BALLANTINE  Poems  (1856)  114.  s.Dur. 
He-was  always  huyten'  me  on  (J.E.D.). 

[1.  His  thought  said  haight,  his  sillie  speache  cryed  ho, 
GASCOIGNE  Dan  Bartholmew  (1576),  ed.  Hazlitt,  I.  136 ; 
The  carter  smoot,  and  cryde,  as  he  were  wood,  Hayt, 
Brok  !  hayt,  Scot !  what  spare  ye  for  the  stones  ?  CHAUCER 
C.  T.  D.  1543.  2.  Cp.  Sw.  dial,  hajt,  a  cry  to  the  ox  or 
horse  to  turn  to  the  left  (RiETZ,  s.v.  hit).} 

HAIT,  see  Haet. 

HAITCH,  sb.  Ken.  Sus.  [etj.]  A  slight,  passing 
shower.  Sus.1 2 

Hence  Haitchy,  adj.  misty.    Ken.  (HOLLOWAY),  Sus.12 

[A  form  and  special  use  of  ache,  sb.1,  used  in  the  sense 
of  a  sudden  and  intermittent  attack.] 

HAITH,  int.  Sc.  Irel.  Also  in  form  heth.  [he>,heb.] 
An  exclamation  of  surprise,  &c.,  'faith.'  Cf.  hegs. 

Sc.  Heth  she's  o'er  gently  brought  up  to  be  a  poor  man's  penny 
worth,  GRAHAM  Writings  (1883)  II.  55.  Sh.I.  True  in  heth  !  Sh. 
News  (Nov.  19,  1898);  As  for  paecable  neebors,  guid  heth,  I  link 
we're  no  been  sae  ill  dat  wy  ava,  BURGESS  Sketches  (and  ed.)  ii. 
n.Sc.  Haith,  an'  if  she's  guid  eneuch  for  Andrew,  she's  guid  eneuch 
for  the  likes  o'  us,  GORDON  Carglen  (1891)  127.  Cai.1  Abd. 
Haith  !  Cordy  slunk  awa",  CADENHEAD  Bon  Accord  (1853)  248  ; 
Heth  that's  capital,  ALEXANDER  Johnny  Gibb  (1871)  xxxix.  Frf. 
Heth,  I  mind  she  was  a  rael  bad  yin  when  I  wis  a  wee  lassie, 
INGLIS  Ain  Flk.  (1895)  xii.  Per.  Haith  I  am  doild,  because  'tis 
so,  That  she  is  high  and  I  am  mean,  NICOL  Poems  (1766)  34. 
Fif.  Haith,  I'd  gang  mysel'  if  he  would  dae  that,  ROBERTSON 
Provost  (1894)  23;  Heth!  I'm  sair  eneuch  fashed  wi'  police  tax 
.  .  .  withoot  haeing  mair  rent  to  pey,  MCLAREN  Tibbie  (1894)  17. 
s.Sc.  Haith,  we'll  be  as  merry  as  we  can,  WILSON  Tales  (1836)  II. 
214.  Rnf.  Till,  haith  !  the  younker  courage  took,  YOUNG  Pictures 
(1865)  10.  Ayr.  Haith,  lad,  ye  little  ken  about  it,  BURNS  Tuia 
Dogs  (1786)  1.  149.  Lnk.  But  haith  I'll  cheat  my  joe  in  that, 
LEMON  St.  Mungo  (1844)  37.  Lth.  Haith,  mony  a  tryst  I've  seen 
us  hae,  SMITH  Meriy  Bridal  (1866)  40.  Edb.  Haith,  you  mith  do 
meikle  ill,  CRAWFORD  Poems  (1798)  89.  Feb.  Haith,  our  wives 
will  a'  be  here,  AFFLECK  Poet.  Wks.  (1836)  123.  Dmf.  An',  haith  ! 
wi'  me  she's  kindlie  grown,  CROMEK  Remains  (1810)  37.  Gall.  If 
a  minister  thinks  na  muckle  o'  himself — haith,  they  will  e'en 
jaloose  that  he  kens  best,  CROCKETT  Standard  Bearer  ( 1898)  119. 
N.I.1  '  Heth  no.'  '  Heth  aye.'  '  Heth  an'  soul,  but  you  won't.' 
'  Heth  i,'  faith  yes.  Ant.  Heth  I  won't  (S.A.B.). 

HAITSUM,  HAIVER,  see  Hatesum,  adj.,  Haver,  v> 

HAIVER,  sb.  Sc.  Cmb.  Also  written  hever  Cmb. ; 
and  in  forms  aiver  Lth. ;  haivrel,  haverel  Sc.  (JAM.) ; 
haveron  Gall.  A  he-goat,  after  he  has  been  gelded. 

Lnk.,  Lth.,  e.Lth.  (JAM.)  Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824). 
Cmb.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (P.) 

[ON.  hafr,  a  buck,  he-goat,  OE.  hcefer  (Leechdoms).] 

HAIVER,  HAIVEREL,  see  Haver,  v.1,  Haverel. 

HAIVERY,  tf<#.  Cor.  [e'y(a)ri.]  1.  Miserly,  greedy 
of  money.  Cor.12  2.  Envious.  Cor.2 

HAIVES,  sb.  pi.     Sc.     ?  Hoofs. 

If  ye  look  yoursel',  ye'll  see  she's  fair  into  the  haives,  OCHILTREE 
Redburn  (1895)  v. 

HALVING,  prp.  Cor.2  The  same  as  Eving,  s.  v.  Eve,  v. 

HAFVINS,  HAIZER,  HAIZART,  see  Havings, 
Haiser,  Hazard. 

HAIZY,  adj.     Nhb.     [he'zi.]     Hasty,  excitable. 

She's  a  kind  o'  haizy  body  (R.O.H.) ;  Nhb.1 

HAKE,  sb.1  Bdf.  Nrf.  Ken.  Cor.  [ek.]  Phr.  (i)  as  dry 
as  a  hake,  very  thirsty  ;  (2)  a  hake-shaped  cloud,  a  cloud  in 
shape  like  the  fish  hake  ;  (3)  who  whipped  the  hake  ?  prov. 
saying ;  see  below. 

(i)  Nrf.  (E.M.)  Ken.  KENNETT  Par.  Antiq.  (1695).  (2)  Bdf. 
The  hake-shaped  cloud,  if  pointing  east  and  west,  indicates  rain  : 
if  north  and  south,  more  fine  weather,  SWAINSON  Weather  Flk-Lore 
(1873)  204.  (3)  Cor.  It  is  not  improbable  that  the  saying  applied 
to  the  people  of  one  of  the  Cornish  fishing- towns,  of  'Who 
whipped  the  hake  ? '  may  be  explained  by  the  following  :—  '  Lastly, 
they  are  persecuted  by  the  hakes,  who  (not  long  sithence)  haunted 
the  coast  in  great  abundance  ;  but  now  being  deprived  of  their 
wonted  bait,  are  much  diminished,  verifying  the  proverb,  "  What 
we  lose  in  hake  we  shall  have  in  herring,"'  CAREW  Survey,  34  ; 
Annoyed  with  the  hakes,  the  seiners  may,  in  their  ignorance,  have 
actually  served  one  of  those  fish  as  indicated,  HUNT  Pop.  Rom. 
w.Eng.  (1865)  370,  ed.  1896. 

HAKE, sb*  Dur.  Wm.  Yks.  Nhp_.  War.  e.An.  Also  in 
forms  heaik  Dur. ;  heeak  Wm.  [h)ek,  h)iak.]  I.  A  hook 
of  any  kind. 

Dnr.  Heaicks  V  creaiks  're  as  rank  ez  pint  pots  in  a  public 
house,  EGGLESTONE  Betty  Podkins'  Lett.  (1877)  9.  Wm.  She  meead 
ersel  saartan  a  gittan  haald  a  Bobby  Beetham,  aedther  be  heeak 
er  creeak,  Spec.  Dial.  (1880)  pt.  ii.  19.  n.Yks.2,  e-An.1  Nrf.  RYE 
Hist.  Nrf.  (1885)  xv. 




2.  A  pot-hook  ;  a  hook  built  into  the  chimney  to  hang  a 
pot  or  '  boiler '  on. 

Nhp.1  Not  freq.  War.8  An  adjustable  hook  and  rack;  through 
the  holes  of  the  latter  the  hook  could  be  hung  at  a  higher  or  lower 
position  over  the  fire,  as  desired.  e.An.1 ;  e.An.2  Now  chiefly 
used  for  a  kind  of  gate  which  swings  over  the  kitchen  fire,  or 
another  utensil  which  hangs  down  the  chimney,  both  used  for 
suspending  pots  and  boilers.  Nrf.  'As  black  as  a  hake,'  very 
black  (E.M.);  COZENS-HARDY  Broad  Nrf .  (1893)  17.  w.Nrf.  I'd 
ha  put  the  hakes  on  her,  if  she'd  ben  my  missus,  ORTON  Beeston 
Ghost  (1884)  4.  Snf.  On  went  the  boilers  till  the  hake  Had  much 
ado  to  bear  'em,  Suf.  Carl.  (1818)  339 ;  CULLUM  Hist.  Hawsttd 
(1813).  e.Snf.  A  dentated  iron  bar,  suspended  in  a  chimney,  on 
which  pots  or  kettles  are  hung.  Another  kind  has,  instead  of 
teeth,  holes.  A  pin,  projecting  from  another  piece  of  iron,  fits 
into  any  of  these  holes.  This  second  piece  of  iron  has  a  hook  at 
the  bottom,  from  which  a  kettle  or  pot  is  suspended  over  the  fire. 
'  As  black  as  the  hake  up  of  the  chimney.'  Said  of  anything  very 
black  or  dirty  (F.H.). 

3.  The  dentated  iron  head  of  a  plough. 

Nrf.  GROSE  (1790)  ;  The  iron  on  a  plough  to  which  the  '  pundle 
tree'  is  attached,  Arch.  (1879)  VIII.  170.  e.Nrf.  MARSHALL  Rur. 
Econ.  (1787).  Suf.  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863);  RAINBIRD  Agric. 
(1819)  294,  ed.  1849;  Suf.'.e.Suf.  (.F.H.) 

[1.  Norw.  dial,  hake,  a  hook  (AASEN)  ;  so  ON.  haki 

HAKE,  sb.a  Cum.  Wm.  Lan.  Also  in  forms  aik  Wm.1 ; 
hack  Wm. ;  haike  Wm.  &  Cum.1  [h)ek.]  1.  A  merry 
meeting ;  a  rustic  dance  or  gathering. 

Lakel.2  Com.  We  agreed  amang  oorsels  to  stop  an'  see  t'end 
o'  t'hake,  RICHARDSON  Talk  (1876)  5 ;  The  arrival  of  the  young 
hopeful  was,  in  former  times,  duly  celebrated  by  a  series  of 
'  hakes,'  of  a  highly  amusing  and  jovial  character,  Lnnsdale  Mag. 
(July  1866)  23;  Cnm.18  Wm.  A'll  tell  yu  some  o'  t'haeks  an' 
stirs,  WILSON  Kitty  Kirkie,  102  ;  It  hap'n'd  ta  be  ther  Auld-wife- 
Hayke.  BLEZARD  Sngs.  (1848)  17;  Wm.1  Village  dances  in  the 
Lake  District  were  formerly  often  called  Auld-wife  aiks,  being 
frequently  got  up  by  some  elderly  female  in  order  to  raise  a  small 
fund,  &c. 
2.  A  stir,  turmoil,  tumult. 

Wm.  &  Cum.1  Wi'  nowther  haike  nor  quarrel,  207.  n.Lan.  They 
.  .  .  feight  an'  fratch,  an'  meakk  cruel  hakes,  PIKETAH  Forness  Flk. 
(1870)  23. 

HAKE,  sb*    Cum.12*    [hek.]     A  lean  horse  or  cow. 

HAKE,  s6.8  Cor.  Also  in  form  ache.  A  large  comfort- 
less room  or  place.  Cf.  ache,  sb.2 

A  great  hake  of  a  house,  THOMAS  Randigal  Rhymes  (1895)  Gl. ; 
How  can  you  sit  in  such  a  great  ache  of  a  room  ?  (M.A.C.) 

HAKE,  v.  and  sb.e  Sc.  and  n.  counties  to  Lin.  Nhp. 
Also  Hrf.  e.An.  Also  in  forms  ache  m.Yks.1  Hrf. ;  aik 
e.Yks. ;  ake  e.Yks.1 ;  haak  n.Lin.1 ;  haig  Ayr.  (JAM.) ; 
haik  Sc.  GAM.)  Sh.I.  Bnff.1  Abd.  Cum.  w.Yks.;  heeak 
n.Yks.24  [h)ek,  iak.]  1.  v.  To  wander  about  aimlessly 
and  idly  ;  to  loiter,  lounge ;  to  hang  about  with  intent  to 
eavesdrop  ;  to  sneak.  Also  with  about. 

Sc.  Haikin  throw  the  country  QAM.).  Bnff.1  To  roam  in  an 
unsettled  manner  over  the  pasture  ;  as,  '  That  coo  winna  sattle  : 
she  haiks  on.'  N.Cy.1 2,  Nhb.1  Wm.  Maunders  abaut  fra  hause  to 
hause,  baking  and  slinging,  HUTTON  Bran  New  Wark  (1785)  1.  461 ; 
Ise  net  gaan  ta  hev  ya  gaan  gadden  off  tat  fairs  an  haken  aboot  it 
rowads  et  neets  an  sec  like,  TAYLOR  Sketches  (1882)  17.  n.Yks.1 
To  hang  about  pryingly,  to  sneak,  or  aim  at  getting  at  information, 
&c.,  in  an  underhand  way ;  n.Yks.4  e.Yks.  He  was  akin  aboot 
all  day  lang ;  an  all  fo  nowt,  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  (1889)  50 ;  Thoo's 
allus  ganning  aiking  about  (R.M.) ;  e.Yks.1,  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.1  He 
leeads  a  filthy  peyl . . .  wi'  his  prancin  an  hakin  about,  ii.  305.  Lan. 
HARLAND  &  WILKINSON  Fit-Lore  (1867)  216.  ne.Lan.1  n.Lin. 
SUTTON  Wdx.  1881  .  sw.Lin.1  She'd  as  well  been  at  school  as 
haking  about  I  don't  like  my  bairns  baking  about. 

Hence  (i)  Haikan,  vbl.  sb.  continued  wandering  about 
in  an  idle  manner ;  (2)  Haiker.  sb.  an  animal  that  has 
a  habit  of  wandering  over  the  pasture  or  of  straying  from 
it ;  (3)  Haiking  or  Haking,  (a)  ppl.  adj.  wandering, 
loitering;  idle,  lounging;  worthless;  (b)  see  (i);  (4) 
Haiking  about,  phr.  having  the  habit  of  wandering  in 
an  idle  manner  or  of  roaming  over  pasture. 

(i,  2)  Bnff. '  (3,  a)  ».Sc.  Can  Lizzy  hae  gane  oot  wi'  that  haikin' 
callant,  Jamie  Ribt  WILSON  Tales  (1836)  IV.  356.  w.Yki.  'A 
haking  fellow,'  an  idle  loiterer,  THORESBY  Lilt.  (.1703)  ;  HUTTON 

Tour  to  Caves  (1781);  w.Yks.4  Lin.  THOMPSON  Hist.  Boston 
(1856)708.  n.Lin.'  (A)  Sc.  He  gaed  awa  gey  wearied  wi' haikin, 
EDWARDS  Mod.  Poets,  ?th  S.  53.  (4)  Bnff.1  He'll  niverget  on  ;  he's 
sic  a  haikin'-aboot  hypal. 

2.  To  hanker  or  gape  after.    n.Cy.  BAILEY  (1721). 

3.  To  drag  or  carry  from   one  place  to  another  with 
little  purpose ;  to  tramp,  trudge ;  esp.  with  about  or  up 
and  down. 

ShJ.  Shu  wid  hae  wiz  gaun  haikin'  as  muckle  hay  i'  da  bul  o'  a 
maishie  as  ye  wid  fling  in  a  kishie  for  a  hen  ta  lae  in,  Sh.  News 
(Sept.  3,  1898).  Abd.  Haikin'  thro'  the  feedles  the  tae  time,  an' 
in'o  the  byres  the  neist,  ALEXANDER  Ain  Flk.  (1882)  151.  s.Sc. 
'  To  haik  up  and  down,  to  haik  about,'  to  drag  from  one  place  to 
another  to  little  purpose,  conveying  the  idea  of  fatigue  caused  to 
the  person  who  is  thus  carried  about,  or  produced  by  the  thing 
that  one  carries.  '  What  needs  ye  haik  her  up  and  down  throw 
the  haill  town  \ '  '  What  needs  you  weary  yoursell,  haiking  about 
that  heavy  big-coat  whare'er  ye  gang? '  (JAM.)  Lakel.2  Ah's  fair 
doon  sto'ed  wi'  haken  aboot  efter  yon  ducks  an'  things.  Ye  wad 
hake  yan  aboot  wi'  ye  as  lang  as  ivver  yan  could  trail.  e.Yks.1 
To  do  anything  unnecessarily  or  with  more  labour  than  is  requisite. 
e.An.1  Often  joined  with  'hatter.'  'He  has  been  haking  and 
haltering  all  day  long.'  Nrf.  I  am  that  tired,  I  don't  know  what 
to  do  with  myself.  I've  been  haking  about  all  day  (W.R.E.). 

4.  To  tease,  worry,  importune  ;  to  pester  or  worry  with 
questions,  £c. ;  to  persecute,  hurry  on. 

Wm.  Such  as  he  would  hake  the  life  out  of  a  toad  (B.K.). 
n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  They  hake  my  very  heart  out ;  n.Yks.4  ne.Yks.1 
Hake  'em  away  [urge  them  on  almost  faster  than  they  can  go]. 
nuYkB.1  c.Hrf.  Ther  bent  no  boy  or  girl  either  as  aches  I,  but'l 
be  the  worse  for't,  Why  John  (Coll.  L.L.B.) 

5.  To  tire,  distress,  applied  to  land. 

Cum.1  It  indicates  exhaustion  from  over-cropping ;  Cum.2 ; 
Cnm.4  T'field  hes  been  fairly  haket  ta  deeth  ;  what  can  it  grow  ? 

6.  To  beat,  batter,  drive  or  knock  out  of  one's  way ;  to 
butt  with  the  horns  or  head. 

Sc.  He  swore  he  wad  lay  my  back  laigh  on  the  plain,  But  I 
h.aikit  him  weel,  BALLANTINE  Whistle  Binkie  (1878)  II.  3  ;JAM. 
Suppl.)  Cum.12  ;  Cnm.*  T'cows  used  to  hake  yan  anudder  till 
t'beals  were  summat  awful  to  hear. 

7.  To  kidnap,  carry  off  by  force. 

Sc.  They'll  haik  yc  up  and  settle  ye  bye,  SCOTT  Minstrelsy  (1802) 
III.  127,  ed.  1848.  Edb.  Still  used  in  the  same  sense  by  the  boys 
of  the  High  School  of  Edinburgh  (JAM.). 

8.  sb.   An  idle,  lounging  fellow  ;  an  animal  that  wanders 
in  an  unsettled  manner  over  the  pasture,  or  strays  from 
it.     Gen.  in  pi.  form. 

Bnff.1,  Abd.  (G. W.\  Cld.  (JAM.),  w.Yks.1  Lin.  Always  associated 
with  the  idea  of  idleness,  STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes  (1884)  334. 
».Lin.  What  a  gre't  hulkin'haakes  the  feller  is  i^T.H.R. ).  sw.Lin.1 
Nhp.1  The  use  of  this  word  is  confined  to  the  >».  part  of  the  county. 

Hence  Hakesing,  ppl.  adj.  tramping  idly  about.  sw.Lin.1 

9.  A  greedy,  grasping  person  ;  a  miser  ;  a  pertinacious 
asker  or  beggar. 

Wm.  (B.K.)  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  '  A  mischievous  heeak/  an 
annoyer.  'A  greedy  hake,'  a  grasper  ;  n.Yks.4,  m.Yks.1 

10.  A  forward,  tattling  woman. 

Abd.  (JAM.)  Ayr.  A  female,  whose  chief  delight  is  to  fly  from 
place  to  place,  telling  tales  concerning  her  neighbours  (iB.). 

[2.  Du.  haken,  to  long  for  (HEXHAM).  3.  He  haikit  to 
that  hall.  For  to  wit  gif  Wymondis  wynnyng  was  thair, 
RaufCoil)ear  (c.  1475)  642,  in  Sc.  Allit.  Poems  (1897)  103.] 

HAKE,  int.  n.Cy.  Cum.  Written  haike  n.Cy.  (HALL.) 
[hek.]  An  expression  of  defiance. 

n.Cy.  (HALL.)     Cum.2  Hake  for  a  fight !  Cum.4 

HAKE,  see  Hack,  sb.',  Hawk,  v.1 

HAKED,  sb.  Obs.  Hnt.  Cmb.  w.Cy.  A  large  pike, 
Esox  Indus 

Hnt.  Pikes  of  a  great  bigness  taken  in  Ramsey  Mere,  BLOUNT 
(i68i\  Cmb.(HALL.)  w.Cy.  SKINNER  (1671).  [SATCHELL(i879)4] 

[OE.  hacod,  a  pike  (./ELFRIC)  ;  cp.  G.  hecht.} 

HAKEL,  HAKUSSING,  see  Hickwall,  Hackasing. 

HAL,  sb.  and  v.  Yks.  Lan.  Also  in  form  al  Lan.  [al.] 
1.  sb.  A  fool,  a  jester;  a  silly  person. 

m.Yka.1  w.Yks.  Sum  drucken  owd  hals  at  hed  been  on  t'spree 
Com  singin  like  mad  up  t'street,  PRESTON  Poems  (1864)  31  ; 
Standin  at  house  ends  makin  hals  o'  thersenns,  Saunteret's 
Satchel  (1877)  23 ;  w.Yks.3  He's  acting  the  hal  agean ;  w.Yks.5 




Gurt  idle  hal  !      Lan.  Mak  a  hal  o'  somebory  else  ;  for  yo  sha'not 
make  one  o'  him  no  moor,  WAUGH  Besom  Ben,  192 ;  Troyin  to 
may  a  hal  on  im,  SCHOLES  Tim  Gamwattle  (1857)  4. 
2.  v.  To  banter  ;  to  worry  or  bother. 

w.Yks.  (S.W.)  Lan.  Let's  ha  noane  o'  thy  allin',  BRIERLEY 
Adventures  (1881)  39.  e.Lan.  She  keeps  allin  her  to  go  (H.M.). 
sw.Lan.  What's  thaa  allin  abaat  ?  («6.) 

[1.  The  same  word  as  Hal,  the  familiar  form  for  Henry 

HAL,  HALA,  see  Hale,  sb.2,  Hallow,  sb.1 

HALA,  adv.  Lan.  [Not  known  to  our  correspondents.] 
Pretty  well.  THORNBER  Hist.  Blackpool  (1837)  108. 

HALAH,  see  Heloe. 

HAL-AN-TOW,  sb.  Cor.  Also  written  ha-lan-tow. 
A  pleasure  party  on  May  8. 

The  Hal-an-toware  privileged  to  levy  contributions  on  strangers 
coming  into  the  town,  Flk-Lore  Jrn.  (1886)  IV.  231  ;  The  Hal-an- 
tow,  or  party  of  servants  and  their  friends,  go  on  8th  of  May 
(Flora-day  or  Faddy)  to  breakfast  in  the  country  and  return  laden 
with  boughs  J.W.^  ;  With  ha-lan-tow,  rumble,  O!  Helstone 
Furry-Day  Sng.  in  DIXON  Sngs.  Eng.  Peas.  (1846)  168,  ed.  1857. 

HALBERDIER,  sb.  Sc.  A  person  armed  with  a 
halberd,  esp.  a  member  of  a  civic  guard  carrying  a  halberd 
as  a  badge  of  office  ;  a  Town's  Sergeant. 

Escorted  by  Donald,  our  stout  halberdier,  In  solemn  procession, 
owerbye  to  the  kirk,  VEDDER  Poems  (1842)  302. 

HALBERT,  sb.    Sh.I.    A  tall,  thin  person.    S.  &  Ork.1 

HALCH,  see  Halsh. 

HALCUP,  sb.  Hmp.  The  marsh-marigold  or  kingcup, 
Caltha  palustris  ;  gen.  in  pi.  (J.R.W.),  Hmp.1 

HALD,  see  HOLD,  v. 

HALE,  sb.1  Yks.  Not.  Lin.  Suf.  Ess.  s.Cy.  Dev.  Cor. 
Also  written  hail  w.Yks.2;  haile  e.Yks.  Lir^.1  sw.Lin.1; 
and  in  forms  hal  nw.Dev.1 ;  hall  Suf.  Dev.  [el,  eal.] 

1.  One  of  the  two  handles  of  a  plough  or  wheelbarrow  ; 
gen.  in  pi. 

n.Yks.1  Usually  in  the  form  Plough-hales  ;  n.Yks.4,  ne.Yks.1 
e.Yks.  The  things  . .  .  ommast  throppled  thersens  ower  hales  ov  a 
hickin-barra,  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  (1889)  34 ;  e.Yks.1,  m.Yks.1, 
w.Yks.2,  Not.2,  s.Not.  (J.P.K.)  Lin.  STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes 
(1884)  335  ;  Lin.1  The  hailes  flew  up  and  caught  me  on  the  gob. 
n.Lin.1  To  be  sold  by  auction.  .  .30  plough  hales,  Stamford  Merc. 
(Sept.  20,  1867).  s.Lin.  Lay  ho'd  o'  th'  plough  haals  and  let's  see 
what  soort  o'  a  furrer  yah  can  cut  (T.H.R.).  sw.Lin.1  Dev.  The 
sole-piece  or  chip,  showing  the  splay  of  the  two  halls  or  handles, 
together  with  the  share  and  cradle-pins,  MOORE  Hist.  Dev.  11829^ 
I.  296;  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  199.  nw.Dev.1  The  left-hand  or 
stouter  handle  of  a  timbern  zole.  Cor.  The  part  of  a  wooden 
plough,  to  which  the  handles,  beam  and  foot  are  attached,  THOMAS 
Randigal  Rhymes  (1895)  Gl. 

2.  An   instrument  for  hanging  a   pot  over  a  fire ;    a 
'  trammel.' 

Suf.  RAY  (1691) ;  (K.)  Ess.  BAILEY  (1721) ;  Gl.  (1851)  ;  Ess.1 
s.Cy.  GROSE  (1790). 

3.  A  rake  used  for  raking  loose  stones  or  pebbles  from 
a  brook. 

Dev.  Like  a  dung  rake,  with  several  strong  teeth,  Horae  Sub- 
secivae (1777)  199;  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (M.) 

[1.  Le  manche  d'ttne  charrue,  a  plough-tail,  or  handle  ; 
the  plough-hale,  COTGR.  Norw.  dial,  and  Dan.  hale,  the 
tail  ;  ON.  halt,  the  tail  of  cattle  (VIGFUSSON).] 
_HALE,  sb.2  Lan.  Lin.  Mid.  Also  in  form  hal  Lan. 
[el.]  1.  A  piece  of  flat  alluvial  land  by  the  side  of  a 
river ;  a  sand-bank.  See  Haugh.  Cf.  eale. 

Lan.  N.  &  Q.  (1870)  4th  S.  v.  570.  n.Lin.'  An  angular  pasture 
in  the  township  of  East  Butterwick,  adjoining  Bottesford  Beck  on 
the  North,  is  called  Butterwick  Hale.  It  has  been  used  from  an 
early  period  as  a  rest  for  the  high-land  water  in  flood  time,  until 
it  could  flow  into  the  Trent. 

2.  A  triangular  corner  of  land,  a  '  gair  ' ;  a  bank  or  strip 
of  grass,  separating  lands  in  an  open  field. 

Lin.  STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes  (1884)  335.  nXin.1  Mid. 
There  is  a  piece  of  low  land  in  Tottenham  between  the  High  Cross 
and  the  railway  station  called  Tottenham  Hale,  or  more  commonly 
the  Hale,  AT.  &  Q.  (1868)  4th  S.  ii.  405. 

HALE,  sb.3  e.An.  [el.]  A  heap  of  anything,  a  man- 
gold clamp  ;  a  long  range  or  pile  of  bricks  set  out  to  dry 
in  the  open  air  before  being  burned. 


e.An.1  Nrf.  A  mangold  hale  (E.M.)  ;  Potatoes,  roots,  &c.  buried 
in  heaps  are  said  to  be  in  hales  (U.W.). 

HALE,  v.1  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks.  Lin.  Dor.  Also  written 
hail  Sc.  Nhb.1  sw.Lin.1  [h)el,  h)eal.]  1.  To  pour  or 
empty  out,  as  water  from  a  vessel  by  inclining  it  to  one 
side  ;  to  bale.  Cf.  heel,  v.2 

n.Yks.  Thah  neeam  is  as  ointment  haled  out,  ROBINSON  Sng. 
Sol.   (1860)  i.  3;    n.Yks.1;   n.Yks.2  Hale   me   out  another  cup; 
n.Yks.4,  ne.Yks.1,  m.Yks.1      Lin.  Hale  out  the  water,  THOMPSON 
Hist.  Boston  (1856)  708  ;  Lin.1     Dor.  Gl.  (1851). 
2.  To  flow,  run  down  in  a  large  stream  ;  to  pour. 

Sc.  Drops  of  blude  frae  Rose  the  Red  Came  hailing  to  the  groun', 
CHILD  Ballads  (1886)  11.418;  'It's  hailinon'  or 'down' is  commonly 
used  with  respect  to  a  heavy  rain  (JAM.).  Abd.  They  are  posting 
on  whate'er  they  may  Baith  het  and  meeth,  till  they  are  haling 
down,  Ross  Helenore  (1768}  79,  ed.  1812.  Lnk.  Facht  when  they 
were  kiss'd  or  huggit,  Till  the  sweat  cam'  hailin'  doon,  NICHOLSON 
Kilwuddie  (ed.  1895)  a6-  Nhb.1  Aa  rout  [wrought]  till  the  sweet 
hailed  off  us.  Cum.2  Lin.  The  sweat  hales  of'n  me  o'  nights, 
STREATFEILD  Lin.  and  Danes  (1884)  335.  sw.Lin.1  The  sweat 
hailed  offen  him. 

[1.  Norw.  dial,  halla,  to  incline  or  tilt  a  vessel  (AASEN)  ; 
so  Icel.  (ZOEGA)  ;  ON.  Italia,  to  lean  or  turn  sideways. 
2.  The  teris  began  fast  to  hale  owre  hir  chekis,  BELLENDEN 
Livy  (1533),  ed.  1822,  101.] 

HALE,  v.2  and  s6."  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan.  Won  Shr- 
Hrt.  e.An.  Hmp.  w.Cy.  Wil.  Som.  Cor.  Also  written  hail 
S.  &  Ork.1  Cum.3  e.Yks. ;  haill  Abd. ;  hayl  Lan. ;  and  in 
form  ally  Won  [h)el,  h)eal.]  1.  v.  To  haul ;  to  draw 
forcibly,  pull ;  to  drag  along ;  to  load. 

Sh.I.  Hails  wi'  an  easy  tow,  an'  comes  ashore  wi'  forty  wys  o' 
white  fish,  STEWART  Tales  (1892)  14.  Abd.  There  blind  zeall  to 
the  Couenant  did  so  haill  them  on  to  their  own  destruction, 
TURKEFF  Antiq.  Gleanings  (1859)  57.  Per.  That  stead  Where  yee 
did  hail  your  shaft  unto  the  head,  FORD  Harp  (1893)  3.  Gall.  As 
the  Dominie  and  I  were  haled  away,  CROCKETT  Grey  Man  (1896) 
305.  n.Cy.  (J.L.)  (1783).  Nhb.1  Cum.1 ;  Cum.3  I  hail't  Jonathan 
out  fray  amangthem.  e.Yks.  Soe  need  they  not  to  trouble  them- 
selves with  hailinge  on  soe  much  att  once,  BEST  Rur.  Econ.  (1641) 
50.  Shr.2  Confined  to  the  river  side  and  chiefly  to  men  or  horses 
drawing  small  or  large  craft  on  the  Severn  against  the  stream. 
Hmp.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (M.)  Wil.  (K.M.G.)  Som.  Plough- 
men have  been  haleing  bells,  HERVEY  Wedmore  Chron,  (1887) 
I.  79.  w.Cor.  '  I  can  neither  hale  them  nor  have  [heave]  them.' 
Said  by  an  old  woman  with  rheumatism  in  her  feet  (M.A.C.). 

Hence  (i)  Haler  or  Hayler,  sb.  one  who  works  or  does 
anything  energetically  and  effectively  ;  (2)  Hale-to,  sb.  the 
movement  of  a  rake  in  raking  up  grain,  &c.  ;  (3)  Haling- 
muff,  sb.  a  mitten  used  by  fishermen  to  protect  their 
hands  when  hauling  the  lines  into  the  boat ;  (4)  -way,  sb. 
a  towing-path ;  cf.  hauling-path,  s.v.  Haul,  v.1 ;  (5)  Halster, 
sb.  one  who  tows  a  barge  alongside  a  river  by  means  of 
a  rope. 

(i)  Cum.12  Lan.  He  is  a  hayler  at  it,  R.  PIKETAH  Forness  Flk. 
(1870)  38.  (2)  Hrt.  A  man  with  one  motion  or  hale-to  on  each 
side  of  him  will  rake  up  a  parcel  of  grain  in  a  trice,  ELLIS  Mod. 
Hush.  (1750)  V.  ii.  (3)8.  &  Ork.1  (4)  Cmb.  N.  &  Q.  (1860)  2nd 
S.  ix.  51.  (5)  w.Cy.  (HALL.) 

2.  To  carry  on  the  trade  of  a  carrier,  to  cart,  carry. 
Wor.  E've  got  a  'oss  an'  cart  ...  an'  does  allyin',  Vig.  Man.  in 

Berrow's  Jrn.  (Mar.  9,  1895)  4,  col.  3  ;  It's  him  as  bin  allying  on 
this  road  (H.K.).     Wil.  (K.M.G.) 

3.  To  breathe  heavily,  pant ;  to  inhale  ;  also  in  phr.  to 
hale  for  breath. 

Suf.  e.An.  Dy.  Times  (1892)  ;  (C.T.)     e.Snf.  (F.H.) 

4.  sb.  A  haul  of  fish. 

Sh.I.  I  can  mind  wis  takin'  forty  o'  him  [turbot],  grit  an'  sma', 
apo'  ae  hail  i'  da  deep  water,  Sh.  News  (July  10,  1897) ;  Efter  we 
set  aff  fir  a  mornin'  hail,  I  lays  me  doon  i'  da  fore-head  i'  da  bight 
o'  da  sail,  STEWART  Tales  (1892)  243. 

[1.  Halyn  or  drawyn,  traho,  Prompt. ;  What  that  on 
may  hale,  that  other  let,  CHAUCER  Parl.  Foules,  151.  OFn 
haler,  '  tirer '  (LA  CURNE).] 

HALE,  adj.  and  sb.s  Sc.  Nhb.  Dun  Cum.  Wm.  Yks. 
Lan.  Also  ?Ken.  ?  Dor.  ?Som.  Also  written  hail  Sc. 
Bnff.1  Nhb.1  Dor. ;  haill  Sc. ;  hayl  Wm. ;  and  in  forms 
haal  w.Yks.1;  hael  Sh.I.  Nhb.1;  heaal  Cum.;  heal  Sc. 
w.Yks.1 ;  heale  Cum.  Wm. ;  heall  Cum.1 ;  heeal(l  Wm. 




n.Yks."*  ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.1 ;  heyel  Nhb.1;  hiyal  Wm. ; 
hyal  Dur.1  n.Lan. ;  hyel(l  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1;  yal  n.Yks." 
ne.Yks.1  [h)el,  h)eal,  hil,  hial.]  1.  adj.  Free  from  injury ; 
safe,  sound,  unhurt. 

Sc.  It's  good  sleeping  in  a  haill  skin,  SCOTT  Bride  of  Lant.  (1819) 
vi.  Sh.I.  Get  me  ...  my  sea-breeks,  An'  see  dey're  hale  afore, 
STEWART  Tales  ( 1893")  93.  Bch.  Paris . . .  gart  me  wish  I  were  awa' 
While  I  had  a  hale  skin,  FORBES  Ulysses  (1785)  ai.  Kcd.  Panta- 
loons and  guid  black  breeks,  If  they  be  hale  and  hae  the  sleeks, 
JAMIE  Muse  (1844)  45.  Frf.  His  hyde,  they  said,  was  heal  an' 
sound,  Piper  of  Peebles  (1794)  16.  Rnf.  Ye  [a  pair  of  shoes]  did 
right  weel  whan  ye  war  hale,  PICKEN  Poems  (1813)  I.  33.  Ayr. 
Lord,  remember  singing  Sannock,  Wi'  hale-breeks,  saxpence,  an' 
a  bannock,  BURNS  Lett,  to  J.  Tennant,  1.  47.  Dmf.  Routh  o' 
potatoes— champit  an'  hale  I'  their  ragged  jackets,  THOM  Jock  o' 
Knowe  (1878)  39.  Feb.  With  bonnet  black,  too.  old,  but  hale, 
Lintoun  Green  (1685)  37,  ed.  1817.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll.  L.  L.B.) 

Hence  (i)  Hale-headit,  adj.  unhurt  ;  whole  and  entire; 

(2)  -hearted,  adj.  of  unbroken  spirit;  (3)  -hide,  see  (i); 
(4)  -scart,  adj.  without  a  scratch,  unhurt,  wholly  safe ; 
also  usedyfc. ;  (5)  -skinnt,  adj.  having  a  whole  skin  with- 
out sores  or  disease. 

(i)  Sc..  Abd.  (JAM.)  (a)  Edb.  Bronze-browed,  ruddy-cheeked, 
and  hale-hearted  as  I  am,  BALLANTINE  Gaberlunzie  (ed.  1875)  12. 

(3)  Bch.  But  he  gaed  affhale-hide  frae  you  For  a'  your  windy  voust, 
FORBES  Ajax  (1785)    38.     (4)   Sc.  Symon  and  Janet  his  dame, 
Halescart  frae  the  wars  without  skaithing,  CHAMBERS  Sngs.  (1829) 
II.  347.     Ayr.  Lord,  let  us  a'  aff  haill-scart  at  the  last  if  aiblins 
it  be  within   t'e   compass  o'  Thy  power!    SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid 
(ed.  1887)  21.      Rxb.  In  spite  o'  dool,  haith  here  we're  hale-scart 
yet,  A.  Scorr  Poems  (ed.  1808)  159.      (5)  Buff.1  We  canna  be  our 
thankfou'  it  w'ir  hail-skinnt,  fin  we  see  yon  peer  thing  a'  our  wee 

2.  Healthy,  sound,  vigorous  ;  health-giving,  wholesome. 
Sc.  Broken  bread  makes  hail  bairns,  RAMSAY  Prov.  (1737).    Sh.I. 

An'  you  an'  I  be  hael  an'  weel,  STEWART  Tales  ,1892)  244.  Elg. 
Donald's  still  in  Donald's  trews,  Hale,  weel,  an'  livin',  TESTER 
Poems  (1865)  97.  Abd.  Hale  be  your  heart,  my  canty  Cock,  COCK 
Strains  (1810)  I.  125.  Kcd.  The  Piper  is  dune  out,  Although  he 
be  baith  hale  and  stout,  JAMIE  Muse  ( 1844)  104.  Frf.  Young  guid- 
men,  fond,  stark  an'  hale,  MORISON  Poems  (1790)  16.  Per.  As  hale 
and  hearty  as  a  three-year-auld  bairn,  Sandy  Scoll  (1897)  21. 
Fif.Menferdy-limb'd  and  swank  and  hale, TENNANT  Papistry  ( 1827) 
93.  Dmb.  His  thrifty  wife,  tho'  heal  and  leal,  Whiles  canna  bake 
for  want  o'  meal,  TAYLOR  Poems  1,1827)  70.  Rnf.  Ane  may  be 
hale,  an' weel  in  health  the  day,  PICKEN  Poems  (1813  •  I.  21.  Ayr. 
We  maun  hae  a  little  more  of  your  balsamic  advice,  to  make  a' 
heal  among  us,  GALT  Provost  (1822)  xlvi.  Lnk.  Three  hale  and 
healthy  bairnies,  WARDROP  J.  Mathison  ,1881)  97.  Lth.  I  ferlie 
gin  in  palace,  or  in  lordly  ha',  Their  hearts  are  a'  as  hale,  as  in 
our  cot  sae  sma",  BALLANTINE  Poems  (1856)  148.  Edb.  Whole- 
some, hale,  historic  food,  FORBES  Poems  (1812)  6.  Dmf.  Take  ye 
a  lassie  tight  and  heal,  SHENNAN  Tales  (1831)  61.  Nhb.  For  we 
are  hale  an'  hearty  baith,  Coqueldale  Sngs.  (1852)  59.  Ken.2  Hale 
weather.  Dor.  BARNES  Gl.  1^1863).  Som.  I  did  nev'r  see  her  look 
more  hale  an'  dapper  than  her  do  just  now,  LEITH  Lemon  Verbena 
(1895)  6. 

3.  Phr.  (i)  hale  an'  a-hatne,  quite  at  home,  in  one  s  ele- 
ment;  in  good  spirits;  (2)  —  and  fere,  in  perfect  health, 
strong,  healthy;  (3)  to  be  hale  d  tnair,  to  recover,  to  get 
over  (an  illness,  &c.). 

(:)  Lnk.  He's  [Cupid]  hale  an'  a-hamc  amang  touslin'  an'  kissin', 
WATSON  Poems  (1853)  50.  (2)  Per.  Spunky,  hale,  an'  fere,  Gleg 
—he  kens  his  bis'ness,  STEWART  Character  (1857)  67.  Slg.  It  was 
sturdy,  hale,  an"  fier,  Wi'  sock  an'  couter  bright  an'  clear,  MUIR 
Poems  (1818)  8.  Ayr.  As  lang's  we're  hale  and  fier,  BURNS  Ep. 
to  Davit  (1784)  St.  a.  Edb.  Thinking  to  ...  look  baith  hail  an'  fier, 
Till  at  the  tang-run  Death  dirks  in,  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  199, 
ed.  1785.  Gall.  I  hae  tooted  it  owre  in  nogginfus  now  for  mair 
than  a  hunner  year,  and  am  tae  fore  yet  hale  and  fear,  M  ACTAGGART 
Eniycl.  (1834)  4,  ed.  1876.  (3)  Sh.I.  If  puir  Girzzie  is  gotten  her 
cndin'  strake  ta  day,  he's  a  job  'at  A'll  no  be  hale  o'  mair,  ta  da 
grave,  Sh.  News  (Aug.  28,  1897). 

4.  Whole,  entire,  complete.    Also  used  advb. 

Sc.  However  the  haill  hive  was  ower  mony  for  me  at  last, 
SCOTT  Nigel  (iSaa)  iii.  Sh.I.  We  wid  a  hed  da  hael  trave  o'  da 
bairns  ower,  bit  da  skdlc  lay  i'  da  hill,  BURGESS  Sketches  (2nd  ed. ) 
in.  Cal.1  Bnff.  The  bare  and  simple  name  of  MacGregor  made 
that  liail  clan  to  presume  on  their  power,  GORDON  Chron.  Keitli(i88o 
36.  Abd.  I  cured  the  hale  complainin'  gang  For  nought  ava, 

CADENHEAD  Bon  Accord  (.853)  i59-     Frf.  The  h«l  I  night  thro 
SANDS  Poems  (1833)  44-     Per.  For  twa  hale  hours  he  preached 
CLEIAND  Inchbracken  (1883)  11,   ed.   1887.     Fif.  Great  baps  and 
scones  were  swallow'd  hail,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  53 
Afore  the  hail  assembl'd  rout,  Wi'  scornfu'  hiss  deride  ye,  PICKEN 

Afore  the 
Poems  (1813) 

crszv  DQfl        YI  v»*v.»»  *,»-••»••••*)  --.-   -----  ,  •  ,  •  t_ 

NICHOLSON  Idylls  (1870)  76.  Lth.  Through  a'  the  hale  parish 
BALLANTINE  Poems  (1856)  2.  Edb.  The  hale  house  thought  she  had 
followed  my  faither,  BALLANTINE  Gaberlunzie  (ed.  1875)  231-  «»• 
Tho'  ye  seek  the  hale  creation,  AFFLECK  Poet.  Wks.  (1836)  84. 
Gall.  Able  in  a  het  contention  For  to  outwit  a  hale  convention, 


(1843)  33  '  Nhb.1,  Dur.1     Cum.  T'wad  shem  the  heale  parish,  RAY- 
SON  Misc.  'Poems  (1858)  56;  Aa  cud  trot  am  about  for  a  heall  day, 

DICKINSON  Joe  and  Geol.  (1866)  6.  Wm.  Meh  hayl  fraym  iz 
affected,  BLEZARD  Sngs.  (1848)  ;  The  Armstrongs  an  Hardens,  an 
aw'  the  heale  gang,  WHITEHEAD  Leg.  (1859)  7  ;  Thoos  geean  an 
spilt  a  heeal  meeal  a  new  milk,  Spec.  Dial.  (1885)  pt.  iii.  6.  n.Yks.<"», 
ne-Yks.1  e.Yks.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788).  w.Yks.1  Ihank 
God  for  'em,  wi'  or  haal  heart,  ii.  312.  n.Lan.  There  was  a  hyal 
famaly  on  urn,  Lonsdale  Mag.  (Jan.  1867)  270. 

Hence  (i)  Haellens,  adv.  certainly,  completely;  (2) 
Hailly  or  Halelie,  adv.  wholly,  utterly  ;  (3)  Haleumlie  or 
Helimly,  adv.,  see  (i)  ;  (4)  Yalseeal,  adj.  wholesale, 

ship  hailly,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  12.  Slg.  A  fear  to  devour 
them  halelie  at  the  last,  BRUCE  Sermons  (1631)  iv,  ed.  1843. 
w.Yks.1  Gie  therscls  haally  to'th'  sarvice,  ii.  323.  (3)  Abd.  For  fan 
I  saw  you,  I  thought  haleumlie  That  ye  wad  never  speak  again  to 
me,  Ross  Helcnorc  (1768  13,  ed.  1812  ;  O  yon  dreadfu'  crack  I 
haleumlie  thought  wad  ha  been  our  wrack,  ib.  81.  (4)  n.Yks.  They 
gat  them  by  yalseeal  I.W.). 

5.  Comb,    (i)    Hael-an-hadden,    entire,    complete;    (2) 
Hale-head,  in  phr.  to  go  hale-head  errand,  to  go  on  express 
or  sole  purpose;  (3)  -lot,  a  considerable  number,  a 'whole 
lot ' ;  (4)  -oot  drinks,  a  toast ;  see  below  ;  (5)  -ruck,  the 
sum  total  of  a  person's  property  ;  (6)  -water,  a  heavy  fall 
of  rain  ;  (71  -wheel,  in  wholesale  fashion,  in  quick  succes- 
sion ;  (8)  -wort,  the  whole  number  or  amount. 

(i)  Sh.I.  In  aess  o  hael-an-hadden  worls,  BURGESS  Rasmie  (1892} 
62.  2)  Cai.'  3)  e.Yks. 'The'  was  aheeal-lot  o'  fooaks  there.  (4) 
Sc.  Here  Allan  studied  and  practised  Hy-Jinks,  and  once  at  least 
fell  a  victim  to  the  game  of  '  haill  oot  drinks,'  HALIBURTON  Puir 
Auld  Scot.  (1887)  59.  Per.  'Hail  oot  drinks!  come  what  will 
empty  your  glasses.'  The  chairman  at  a  dinner-party  gave  out 
this  toast,  and  on  this  account  became  intoxicated,  and  fell  a  victim 
to  the  game  of  'hail  oot  drinks'  (G.W.).  (5)  Rxb.  (JAM.)  (6) 
Sc.  The  rain,  which  fell  almost  in  hale  water,  as  we  say,  has  washed 
away  half  the  school-master's  kail-yard,  Glenfergus  1,1820)  I.  203 
(JAM.  .  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  In  a  thunder  shower  the  rain  is  said  to  be 
comin'  doon  hail  (or  hyel)  waiter.  Cum.  Just  heaal  waiter  cumman 
slap  doon  ontah  yan  eh  gegginfuls,  SARGISSON  Joe  Scoap  (1881) 
200  ;  Cum.1  Wm. '  Is'l  rainen  when  ye  com  in  ? '  '  Aye,  is'l,  ebben 
doon  hiyal  waller,  as  yan  says'  (15. K.).  (7)  Abd.  He  had  been 
sen'in'  them  to  Lunnon  b"  the  dizzen  ilka  ither  ouk,  hale-wheel, 
this  file,  ALEXANDER  Ain  Fit.  (1882)  rai.  (8)  Slk.  I  wish  ye  be 
nae  the  deil's  bairns,  the  halewort  o'  ye !  HOGG  Talcs  (1838)  51,  ed. 
1866 ;  If  he  made  weel  through  wi'  his  hides  mayhap  he  wad  pay 
the  hale  wort,  ib.  Perils  of  Man  (1822)  III.  283  (JAM.\ 

6.  sb.   Health,  comfort,  welfare.    Cf.  heal,  sb.1 

Abd.  Health  and  hale,  COCK  Strains  (i8ioN,  I.  81.  Ayr.  My  hale 
and  weal  I'll  tak  a  care  o't,  BURNS  To  Mitchell  (1795)  st.  5. 

7.  The  whole,  the  whole  amount  or  number ;  the  sum-total. 
Sc.  I  adhere  to  all  and  haill  upon  all  perils  whatsomever,  THOM- 
SON Cloud  of  Witnesses  (1714    391,  ed.  1871.     Ayr.  Half  o'  the  hale 
dung  aff  their  feet,  Then  is  a  victory  complete,  BOSWELL  Poet. 
Wks.  (1816)  166,  ed.  1871.     Lth.  The  hale  o'  his  pack  he  has  now 
on  his  back,  MACNEILL  Poet.  Wks.  (1801)  317,  ed.  1856.    Wgt.  The 
ban'  cheers  the  haill  o'  the  streets  roun'  an1  roun',  FRASER  Poems 
(1885)  51.     Cnm.  I'll  try  to  be  happy  the  hale  o'  the  day,  GILPIN 
Ballads  (1874)  173.     ne.Yks.1  Ah've  deean  t'heeal  on't. 

8.  Phr.  in  hale,  altogether,  the  whole  sum. 

Edb.  Gied  ye  in  a  shoeing  bill,  'Twas  twenty  shillings  sax  in  hale. 




LIDDI.E  Poems  (1821)  no.     Feb.  My  tocher's  fifty  pound  in  hale, 
AFFLECK  Poet.  Wks.  (1836)  81. 

9.  Whole  coal,  as  distinguished  from  coal  that  has  been 
partly  worked. 

Nhb.  Though  still  they're  i'  the  hyell  a'  hewin',  WILSON  Pitman's 
Pay  (1843)  59;  Nhb.i 

[1.  pou  sal  ba|>  sounde  &  hale  come  of  J>is  ship  to  lande, 
Cursor  M.  (c.  1300)  24888.  OE.  Hal,  safe  (Matt.  x.  22).] 

HALE,  see  Hal,  Hall,  sb.12,  Heal,  v.2,  Hell,  sb. 

HALEHEEAM,  sb.    e.Yks.1     [e'liam.]     An  heirloom. 

Awd  creddle's  [cradle's]  beena  haleheeami  family  fo'ginerations. 

HALER,  see  Heloe. 

HALESOME,  adj.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks.  Also  in  forms 
haalsome  w.Yks.1 ;  halsome  Sc. ;  healesome  Cum. ;  heal- 
some  m.Yks.1 ;  heealsome  n.Yks.2 ;  helsum  Nhb.1  [h)e'l-, 
h)ials3m.]  Wholesome,  healthful,  sound. 

Sc.  Naebody  shall  persuade  me,  that  it's  either  halesome  or  pru- 
dent, SCOTT  Rob  Roy  (1817)  xviii.  Abd.  They  now  rejoicin'  taste 
its  halesome  bree,  STILL  Cottar's  Sunday  (1845)  22  ;  Keep  her. . . 
as  white  and  clean  in  thy  een,  as  she  is  fair  and  halesome  in  oors, 
MACDONALD  D.  Elginbrod  (1863)  I.  6.  Frf.  Clean  halesome  ale, 
tho'  sma',  MORISON  Poems  (1790)  46.  Per.  Get  a  howp  in  ilka 
cheek  O'  halesome  livin',  HALIBURTON  Horace  {  1886)  29.  Fif.  Share 
our  halesome  country  cheer,  DOUGLAS  Poems  (1806)  102.  Dmb. 
Thou  finds  upon  the  grass  Sweet  halesome  dew,  TAYLOR  Poems 
(1827;  84.  Rnf.  Yer  lot  the  Bard  envies,  Sae  halsome  near  the 
water,  PICKEN  Poems  (1813)  II.  n.  Ayr.  Whether  it  was  the 
halsome  dreid  thereof,  or  whether  it  was  that  I  was  but  wee, 
SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  30.  Lnk.  A  halesome  heart  and 
guileless  mind,  HUNTER  Poems  (1884)  22.  Edb.  A'  the  thrang  in 
a  sang  Should  join  wi'  halesome  heart,  McDowALL  Poems  (1839) 
226.  Dmf.  Help  that  was  halesome  slid  frae  a'  han'  The  ee  o'  the 
gleggestneversaw,THOM./oc/&o'  Knowe  ( 1878"  45.  Gall.  Halesome 
breezes  from  the  thorn  Refresh  the  swain,  LAUDERDALE  Poems 
(1796;  53.  Wgt.  Fed  on  the  halesome  Scottish  fare,  FRASER  Poems 
(1885)  231.  Nhb.1  Aa  leev'd  there  oney  a  few  weeks,  'cas  aa  fund 
it  not  helsum.  Cum.  An'  when  the  healesome  supper's  duin'  The 
toilin'  day  his  task  lies  duin,  GILPIN  Ballads  (1874)  152.  n.Yks.2, 
e.Yks.1,  m.Yks.1,  w.Yks.1 

HALESTONE,  sb.  Obs.  n.Cy.  (HALL.)  Wm.  (K.)  A 
flint  or  firestone. 

HALEWARE,  sb.  Sc.  Also  written  hailwair  QAM.)  ; 
hailwur,  halewar.  [he'lwer.]  The  whole,  the  whole 
number  or  company  ;  the  whole  assortment  of  things. 

Bch.  He  ...  Gar'd  the  hale-ware  o'  us  trow  That  he  was  gane 
clean  wud,  FORBES  Ajax  (1785  5.  s.Sc.  They'd  .  . .  burn  the  verra 
earth  about  their  lugs,  An'  end  the  haleware  and  themselves  at 
ance,  T.  SCOTT  Poems  < ,1793)  367.  Gall.  The  verra  last  shot  that 
was  fired  .  .  .  carried  awa'  the  halewar  o'  their  steerin'  gear, 
CROCKETT  Raiders  (1894)  x  ;  The  haleware  o't  seemed  to  be  gran 
plowable  Ian',  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  307,  ed.  1876.  Kcb.  Aft 
ye  kink  an'  skirl  like  mad,  And  laird  it  owerthe  hailwur,  ARMSTRONG 
Ingleside  (1890)  143. 

HALEWOOD  PLUM,  phr.     Chs.1    A  red  plum. 

Formerly  much  cultivated  in  nw.Chs.  and  greatly  esteemed  for 
preserving.  It  is  becoming  more  scarce,  but  may  still  be  bought 
in  Warrington  market  ;  and  there  are  several  trees  of  it  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  Norton  and  Frodsham. 

HALF,  sb.,  adj.,  adv.  and  v.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel. 
Eng.  and  Amer.  Also  in  forms  aw  Hrt. ;  awf  e.Yks.1  ; 
haaf  Suf.  Cor.2;  haat  Nhp.1;  haef  Cum.  sw.Lin.1;  haf 
Sc.  Cum.14;  hafe  Cum.3  Lan.  s.Chs.1  Not.3  Brks.1 ;  haff 
Sc. ;  hauf  Sc.  Bnff.1  Nhb.  Lakel.2  Cum.  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.1 3 
ne.Lan.1  s.Stf. ;  hauv  nw.Der.1 ;  hauve  Lan. ;  hawf  Nhb. 
Cum.  n.Yks.2  e.Yks.  w.Yks.  ;  hawve  Lan.  e.Lan.1;  hayf 
Fit.;  hef  N.I.1;  hoaf  Cum.3  w.Yks.;  hofe  Cum.14  Wm. 
Yks.  Lan. ;  hove  Lan. ;  oaf  n.Yks.1  [h)af,  h)9f,  h)o3f.] 
1.  sb.  In  phr.  (i)  by  halfs,  half,  partially;  (2)  by  the 
half,  by  half,  considerably  ;  (3)  the  half  of,  half  of. 

(i)  Bnff.  I  see  by  hafs  ye're  only  wise  ;  Gang  to  the  ant,  an' 
lear  some  mair,  TAYLOR  Poems  (1787)  32.  (2)  w.Yks.  Ha  felt 
mesen  bigger  be  t'hoaf,  A  Six  Days'  Aght,  5.  Lan.  But  more  by 
the  hauve  nor  these,  aw  like,  HARLAND Lyrics (1866)  88.  (3)  Yks. 
More  than  t'hauf  on't  is  nought  but  idle  talk,  TAYLOR  Miss  Miles 
(1890)  xviii.  w.Yks.1  Whether  thou's  ivver  doon  taa  hauf  o'  what 
our  parson  hes  tell'd  the  ...  to  do  ?  ii.  352.  Lan.  We'n  nobbut 
cleared  t'one  hafe  o'  one  mough,  KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH  Scarsdale 
(i86o)II.  212;  But  aw  couldn't  tell  th'  hawve  'at  aw  feel,  HARLAND 

Lyrics  (1866)  307 ;  Nivver  med  th'  hove  o'  th'  noise,  DONALDSON 
Lamin  to  Sing  (1886). 

2.  A  portion,  division,  piece. 

w.Ir.  Dish  iv  delf .  .  .  bruk  in  three  halves,  LOVER  Leg.  (1848) 
I.  202. 

3.  pi.   Equal  shares,  an  exclamation  used   by  children 
to  claim  half  of  anything  found   by  another ;    also  used 
advb.  in  equal  shares. 

w.Yks.1  In  order,  however,  to  deprive  the  other  of  his  supposed 
right  the  finder  will  cry  out  :  '  Ricket,  racket,  finnd  it,  tackit,  And 
niwer  give  it  to  the  aunder  [owner].'  sw.Lin.1  We  went  haeves 
at  it.  Oxf.  (G.O.),  Hnt.  (T.P.F.) 

4.  Phr.  to  halves,  of  animals :  to  be  put  out  to  fold  on 
terms  of  partnership  ;  see  below.    Cf.  halver,  sb.  2.    See 
Crease,  sb? 

Dev.  Ewes  to  Halves. — W.  Lewis,  Templeton,  is  prepared  to 
put  out  any  number  of  ewes  on  the  most  favourable  terms  yet 
heard  of,  Tiverton  Gazette  (Aug.  n,  1896^.  The  system  is  for  the 
owner,  as  above,  to  provide  the  ewes  for  another  man  to  keep  until 
a  certain  date,  to  be  agreed  on  when  the  ewes  return  to  their  owner, 
and  the '  crease '  is  divided  as  may  be  agreed,  Reports  Provinc.  (1897). 

5.  pi.   The  allotments  on  Corfe  Common.    Dor.  (C.W.) 

6.  adj.    In  comb,   (i)   Half-acre   or    Habaker,   a  small 
field  or  allotment;  also  used _/?§-.,  see  below;  (2)  -amon, 
the  game  of  hop,  skip,  and  a  jump  ;  (3)  -a-nicker,  (4)  -a- 
thick-'un,  half  a  sovereign ;  (5)  -a-tram,  one  of  two  men 
that  manage  a  tram  in  a  mine ;    (6)  -bushel,  a  measure 
of  beer  :  four  gallons  ;  (7)  -clinks,  in  phr.  to  go  half-clinks, 
to  go  shares ;    (8)  -cousin,  first  cousin  once  removed  ; 
(9)  -crease,  half  the  increase  in  value  of  stock ;  to  put  out 
bees  to  feed ;  see  Crease,  sb?  ;  (10)  -dole  (-dooal),  entitled 
to  a  part  only  of  the  profits  of  any  concern;  (n)  -draw, 
in  digging  :  half  the  depth  of  the  tool  used  ;  (12)  -fallow, 
light  ploughing,  not  of  the  usual  depth;  to  plough  lightly; 
(13)  -fool,  stupid,  ignorant,  half-witted  ;  (14)  -fou,  half  a 
bushel ;  (15)  -gable,  a  gable  common  to  two  houses  ;  used 

fig.  in  phr.  to  big  half-gable  with  some  one ;  (16)  -gam, 
assisting  to  accomplish  anything;  (17)  -groape,  a  state  of 
half-feeling,  half-seeing ;  (18)  -hack  or  -heck,  the  lower 
half  of  a  door  divided  into  two  parts  ;  (19)  -hammer,  see 
(2) ;  (20)  -hatch  nail,  a  particular  kind  of  nail ;  (21)  -horn, 
(a)  obs.,  a  horn  slit  lengthways  and  nailed  to  the  end  of 
a  staff;  see  below;  (b)  a  half-pint  of  ale  or  beer; 
(22)  -knack,  partial,  half-and-half;  half-trained;  (23) 
•lade,  a  large  straw  basket  or  '  cassie ' ;  (24)  -laugh, 
any  action  done  by  halves,  or  half-heartedly ;  (25) 
•loaf,  in  phr.  to  leap,  or  loup,  at  the  half-loaf,  a  custom 
among  reapers  ;  see  below  \ng.  to  snatch  at  small  boons  ; 
to  be  content  with  a  dependent  or  humble  position  ;  (26) 
•manor,  having  land  in  partnership  between  two  ;  (27) 
•mark  (or  -merk)  bridal,  in  phr.  to  tye  the  haf-merk  bridal 
band,  to  be  married  clandestinely;  (28)  -mark  kirk  or 
church,  the  place  where  clandestine  marriages  are  cele- 
brated ;  (29)  -mark  (or  -merk)  marriage,  a  clandestine 
marriage ;  (30)  -mark-marriage  kirk,  see  (28)  ;  (31) 
•marrow,  (a)  a  spouse,  a  husband  or  wife ;  a  yoke-fellow, 
mate  ;  (b)  a  lad  or  boy  serving  his  apprenticeship  ;  one  of 
two  boys  working  together ;  (32)  -moon  flask,  a  flask 
formerly  used  in  smuggling  ;  (33)  -mutchkin,  half  a  pint ; 
(34)  -nabs,  good-for-nothing,  neither  one  thing  nor 
another  ;  (35)  -natural,  a  fool ;  (36)  -nothing,  (37)  -nowt 
or  -nought,  a  very  small  sum,  little  or  nothing,  anything 
beneath  consideration ;  a  worthless  person  ;  also  used 
attrib. ;  (38)  -oaf  moulsin,  see  (35) ;  (39)  -one  or  Hef  yin, 
(a)  a  half-glass  of  whisky ;  (b)  a  term  in  golfing :  see 
below ;  (40)  -parson,  a  deacon  ;  (41)  -piece  crock,  the 
ordinary  deep-shaped  dairy  crock  ;  (42)  -pint,  to  drink  ; 

(43)  -reacher,  a  pitchfork  of  more  than  ordinary  length  ; 

(44)  -scale  (-skeeal),  of  manure  :  half  the  usual  quantity 
spread  on  the  surface  of  ground  ;  (45)  -sea,  tipsy  ;   (46) 
•shaft,  obs.,  the  water-shaft  in  a  colliery  ;  (47)  -shoon,  old 
shoes  with  the  toes  cut  off;  (48)  -sir,  a  churl,  a  miser; 
(49)  -snacks,  in  phr.  to  go  half-snacks,  see  (7)  ;  (50)  -stuff, 
a  term  of  depreciation  applied  to  persons ;   (51)  -swing 
plough,  a  plough  in  which  the  mould-board  is  a  fixture ; 
(52)  -tester,  a  bed  with  a  canopy ;  (53)  -timer,  a  child  who 

£  2 




works  half  the  day  at  a  factory ;  (5^)  -tiner,  in  phr.  half- 
tiner,  half-winner,  one  who  shares  half  the  loss  or  half  the 
gain  of  anything;  (55)  -ware,  a  mixture  of  peas  and  beans 
sown  together ;  (56)  -water,  half-way  between  the  boat 
and  the  bottom  of  the  sea  ;  (57)  -wit,  an  idiot,  a  natural ; 
(58)  -work,  the  time  when  the  day's  work  is  half  done  ; 
the  middle  of  a  shift ;  half-time  employment  through  bad 
trade ;  (59)  -yard  coal,  coal  of  about  half  a  yard  in  thick- 
ness ;  (60)  -year  meads,  meadows  of  which  one  person 
has  the  hay  and  another  the  right  to  '  after-shear.' 

(i)  Sc.  '  Half  acres  bears  good  corn.'  Alluding  to  the  half  acre 
given  to  the  herd,  and  commonly  spoken  in  gaming,  when  we  are  but 
half  as  many  as  our  antagonists,  KELLY  Prov.  (1721)  143  ;  I  ordaine 
my  husband  to  infeft  Wm.  my  eldest  sone  in  the  house  and  Zairdiss 
barne,  and  twa  half  aikeris  of  land,  LITHGOW  Poet.  Rem.  (ed.  1863) 
xxxiv.  Oxf. '  Habaker'  is  a  term  employed  in  certain  fields  between 
Oxford  and  Yarnton,  known  as  the  '  Lot  Meadows'  (G.O.) ;  A 
habaker  is  half  a  lot :  an  acre  is  a  lot.  An  acre  or  lot  is  sometimes 
three  or  four  acres  :  the  habaker,  two  or  two  and  a  half,  STAPLETON 
FourOxf.  Parishes  ( 1893)  3°9-  Hrt. CUSSANS Hist.  Hrt.  (1879-1881) 
III.32I.  [Amer.  When  the  score  of  one  side  in  a  game  is  half  that 
of  the  other,  a  common  remark  of  encouragement  is  '  a  half  acre 
raises  good  corn  if  it's  hoed  well ' ;  often  merely  the  phrase  half 
acre  is  used  alone,  Dial.  Notes  (1896)  I.  397.]  (a)  Ken.12  (3) 
w.Yks.2  Nrf.  When  I  chucks  the  half-a-nicker  in  the  broad,  yer 
should  ha'  seen  him  look  !  PATTERSON  Man  and  Nat.  (1895)  99. 
(4)  w.Yks.2  Lon.  I  only  had  '  half  a  thick  'un'  for  my  trouble, 
The  People  (Aug.  25,  1889)  13,  col.  4.  (5)  Nhb.  Aw  neist  to  half- 
a-tram  was  bun'.  But  gat  a  marrow  gruff  and  sour,  WILSON  Pitman's 
Pay  (1843)  32  ;  Nhb.»  (6)  Sur.  (T.S.C.)  (7)  e.Suf.  (F.H.)  (8) 
Sc.  '  Sophy,'  an  orphan  half-cousin  .  .  .  was  now  Alick  Welsh's 
good  and  amiable  wife,  MRS.  CARLYLE  Lett.  (1883)  II.  231.  n.Cy. 
(J.W.),  e.Suf.  (F.H.)  (9)  Dev.8  Wanted,  a  score  of  sheep  to  graze. 
Terms,  half  crease.  Cor.1  Half  the  increase,  when  the  owner  has 
half  the  honey,  and  the  person  who  takes  care  of  the  bees  the 
other  half.  (10)  n.Yks.2  A  hawf-dooal  man.  (u)  Nrf.  That 
ain't  deep  enough.  We  shall  have  to  get  another  half-draw  out, 
EMERSON  Son  of  Fens  ( 1892)  205.  (i2)s.Wor.(H.K.)  (i3)w.Som.1 
Gen.  used  with  fellow  or  some  word  expressing  person.  '  I  never 
widn  ha  nortto  zay  to  no  jis  aa-feol  fuul-ur-z  ee- '  [half-fool  fellow 
as  he].  (14)  Sc.  I  brought  a  half-fou  of  gude  red  goud  Out  o'er 
the  sea  wi'  me,  SCOTT  Minstrelsy  (1802)  I.  301,  ed.  1848.  Lnk., 
Rxb.  (JAM.)  (15)  Rnf.  The  heresy  of  Arminianism,  which  he 
described  as  an  attempt  '  tae  big  hauf-gable  wi'  the  Lord,'  GILMOUR 
Pen  Flk.  (1873)  25.  (16)  Nhb.  (R.O.H.)  (17)  w.Yks.  Well,  I 
woked  on  an'  on  in  a  soart  of  a  hofe  groape.  HALLAM  Wadsley 
Jack  (1866)  ix.  (18)  Nhb.1  Cum.  LINTON  Lake  Cy.  (1864^  305. 
e.An.',  Nrf.  (W.W.S.)  (19)  e.An.1  One  boy  challenges  another 
to  '  go  the  half-hammer.'  Nrf.  (W.W.S.)  e.Suf.  To  come  or  go 
on  the  half-hammer,  with  a  hop,  skip,  and  jump  (F.H.).  Sus.1 
(20)  nw.Dev.1  A  rectangular  rose-headed  hand-made  nail— 2  ins. 
long.  A  hatch  nail  is  3  ins.  long.  (21,  a)  Snr.  The  shepherds  of  the 
Downs  hereabouts  use,  what  they  call  a  half-horn,  i.  e.  a  horn  slit 
lengthways,  and  nailed  to  the  end  of  a  staff,  as  long  as  the  shep- 
herds crooks,  with  which  they  can  hurl  a  stone  a  great  way,  and 
so  keep  their  sheep  within  due  bounds.  This  instrument  is  seen 
in  some  pictures  and  hangings,  but  is  not  in  use  anywhere  else, 
England's  Gazetteer  (1778)  (s.v.  Hedley).  (b)  Oxf.  Let's  go  in 
and  have  a  half-horn  (G.O.).  (22)  Dev.  'I  can't  niwer  zill 
no  butter  in  town  now,  there's  zo  many  half-knack  farmers 
about ' — meaning  that  there  were  so  many  tradesmen  and  others 
who  kept  a  few  cows,  but  did  not  make  their  living  out  of  farming, 
Reports  Provinc.  ( 1897).  (23)  Or.I.  So  called  because  two  of  these 
baskets  when  filled  and  slung  on  a  pack-saddle  form  a  load  for  a 
pony  (JAM.  Suppl.).  (34)  Nap.1  None  of  your  half-laughs  for  me. 

(25)  Sc.  To   live  honourably  abroade  and  with   credit  then   to 
encroach  ...  on  their  friends  at  home,  as  ...  leaping  at  the  half 
loafe,  while  as  others  through  vertue  live  nobly  abroade,  MONRO 
Exped.  (1637)  pt.  i.  36  (JAM.).     Rxb.  Still  used.     This  is  half  a 
loaf  which  happens  to  exceed  the  number  of  loaves  allotted  for 
the  reapers;    which  being  divided  the  one  is  thrown  up  for  a 
scramble  among  the  women  and  the  other  among  the  men  (JAM.). 

(26)  Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824).    (27)  Sc.  HERD  Coll.  Sngs. 
(1776)  fit    Lnk.  Since  ye  are  content  to  tye  The  haff  mark  bridal 
band  wi  me,  RAMSAY  Poems  1,1800)  I.  309  (JAM.).     (28)  Sc.  To 
gae  to  the  half-mark  kirk,  to  go  to  be  married  clandestinely.    The 
name  seems  to  have  arisen  from  the  price  of  the  ceremony  (JAM.). 
(»9)  Sc.  Making  a  half-merk  marriage  wi'  Simon  Mucklebackit 
ScoTT^«*iy«ary(,8i6)xxxix.   (30)  Sc.  (JAM.)    (31, a)  Sc.  GROSE 
(1790)  MS.  add.  (C.J  ;   Come  awa  hame  to  thy   hauf-marrow, 

GRAHAM  Writings  (1883)  II.  37.  Frf.  Provost  Binnie  has  an  'ee 
aifter  him  as  a  hauf-marrow  tae  his  bonnie  dother,  LOWSON  John 
Guidfollow  (1890)  34  ;  Lady  Crawford,  the  wicked  Teegur  Earl 
Beard  ie's  half-marrow,  ib.  60.  Kcb.  Plead  with  your  harlot-mother, 
who  hath  been  a  treacherous  half-marrow  to  her  husband  Jesus, 
RUTHERFORD  Lett.  (1765)  pt.  i.  ep.  123  (JAM.),  (b)  N.Cy.1  A 
middle-sized  lad,  two  such  being  needed  in  coal  pits  to  '  put'  a  corf 
of  coals  equal  to  a  man.  Nhb.  One  of  two  boys  who  manage  a 
tram,  of  about  equal  age,  WILSON  Pitman's  Pay  (1843)  Gl. ;  Nhb.1 
Nhb.,  Dur.  One  of  two  boys  putting  together,  NICHOLSON  Coal  Tr. 
Gl.  (1888).  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  Two  halfmarrows  make  one  whole 
man  ;  n.Yks.4  (32)  Per.  She  seldom  travelled  without  a  wee 
drap  slung  about  her  person,  which  was  often  contained  in  a 
half-moon  flask,  almost  encircling  her  huge  body,  MONTEATH  Dun- 
blane (1835)  87,  ed.  1887.  (33)  Sc.  He  might  have  staid  to  take 
a  half-mutchkin  extraordinary  with  his  crony  the  hostler,  SCOTT 
Antiquary  (1816)  i.  e.Fif.  Four  sooks  !  Haigh  that  wad  be  ae 
half-mutchkin,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  vii.  (34)  Nhb.1  (35) 
N.I.1  (36*  Sc.  It  sold  for  half-nothing,  Scoticisms  11787)  61.  (^37) 
Nhb.  Shanks  full  o'  mawks,  and  half-nowt  cheese,  WILSON  Pitman's 
Pay  (1843)  IO!  He  bowt  the  cuddy  for  half-nowt.  The  farmers 
hes  ne  crops  noo-a-days,  an'  what  they  hev  they  get  half-nowt 
for  (R.O.H.).  n-Yks.1  Ah'd  ding  tha'  au'd  heead  aff  fur  haaf- 
nowght,  Ah  wad ;  n.Yks.2  I  gat  it  for  hawf  nowt ;  n.Yks.4  It's 
nobbut  a  hauf-nowt  when  it's  deean.  T'father's  i'  prison  an'  t'lad's 
a  hauf-nowt.  e.Yks.1  Ah  sell'd  mi  wots  for  hawf  nowt,  MS.  add. 
(T.H.)  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  (38)  Hrf.2  (39,  a)  N.I.1  (i)  Sc.  A  handi- 
cap of  a  stroke  deducted  every  second  hole  (JAM.  Suppl.].  (40) 
Wor.  One  of  them  there  half-parsons  iH.K.).  (41)  N.I.1  (42) 
Cor.  Two  miners  .  .  .  had  .  . .  been  . . .  '  half-pinting '  in  the  public- 
house,  HUNT  Pop.  Rom.w.Eng.  (1865)  217,  ed.  1896.  (43)  s.Chs.1 
Used  to  hand  up  hay  to  the  top  of  a  stack  which  is  approaching 
completion.  (44)  n.Yks.2  We  put  a  hawf-skeeal  o'  mannishment 
upon  t'land.  (45)  Per.  Hoarse  elder  John  sat  at  his  knee,  In 
proper  trim — more  than  half-sea,  SPENCE  Poems  (1898)  86.  (46) 
Nhb.  Mr.  G.  C.  Greenwell  writes  :  '  Query;  is  this  not  when  in  an 
inundation  the  water  has  risen  to  half  the  depth  of  the  shaft?' 
(R.O.H.  i ;  Nhb.1  Compleat  Collier  (1708)  21.  (47)  Nhb.  Wi'  half- 
shoon  at  maw  bait  poke  hung,  WILSON  Pitman's  Pay  '^1843)  3°  i 
Nhb.1  Nhb.,  Dur.  There  is  my  hoggars,  likewise  my  half  shoon, 
Bishoprick  Gar/.  v1784>  54,  ed.  1834.  (48;  Ir.  None  of  your 
beggarly  half-sirs,  CARLETON  Traits  Peas.  (ed.  18431  I-  J5-  Wxf. 
A  big  solemn  prig  of  a  half-sir  of  a  farmer,  KEXNEDY  Banks  of 
Boro  (1867'  159.  (49)  e.Suf.  (F.H.)  (50)  Dev.  Reports  Provinc. 
1 1883)  85.  (51)  Sus.1  ;s2)  Oxf.i  MS.  add.  (53)  w.Yks.  The 
law  fixes  a  limit  of  age,  and  a  standard  of  education  below  which 
children  are  not  allowed  to  work  all  day  in  factories.  A  '  half- 
timer'  is  generally  one  who  has  not  fulfilled  the  required  conditions 
(F.J.N.) ;  A  large  proportion  of  these  children  were  under  instruc- 
tion as  '  half-timers,'  CUDWOHTH  Worstedopolis  (1888)  52.  Chs.1 
(54)  Kcb.  Be  half  tincr,  half  winner  with  my  Master,  RUTHERFORD 
Lett.  (1660)  No.  182.  (55)  Hrt.  If  Vale  farmers  should  sow  beans 
and  pease  together  (or  what  the  Valemcn  call  half  ware),  ELLIS 
Mod.  Hiisb.^iiso)  I.  ii.  156)  S.  &  Ork.1  (57)  Chs.1;  Chs.8  Our 
Raphe's  a  pratty  toidy  scollard  ;  but  as  for  Dick,  poor  chap,  he's 
a  hafe-wit.  (58)  Nhb.  But,  then,  at  half  wark  aw  was  duin, 
WILSON  Pitman's  Pay  ',1843)  30;  Nhb.1  Nhb.,  Dur.  NICHOLSON 
Coal  Tr.  Gl.  (1888).  (59)  Nhb.1  Gen.  good  coal,  and  better  than 
the  three-quarter  coal,  yet  being  so  low  to  work  in  (or  but  of  that 
small  thickness),  it  is  scarce  worth  while  to  work  it,  J.C.  Compleat 
Collier  (1708)  16.  (60)  Dor.  MARSHALL  Reviciv  (1817)  V.  261. 
7.  Comb,  in  names  of  birds,  fishes,  or  plants :  (i)  Half- 
bird,  (a)  the  widgeon,  Mareca  pemlope  ;  (b)  the  whimbrel, 
Nutnenius  phaeopus ;  (2)  -callo,  see  (i,  b);  (3)  -curlew, 
(a)  see(i, b);  (b}  the  bar-tailed  godwit, Limosa  Lapponica; 
(4)-duck,see(i,a);  (5)  -fish,  the  salmon-cock  or  graveling, 
Salmo  salar;  (6)  -fowl,  any  wild  fowl  other  than  the 
mallard,  esp.  the  teal,  Querquedula  crecca,  and  the  widgeon, 
Mareca  penelope;  (7)  -smart,  the  yellow  bedstraw,  Galium 
verum  ;  (8)  -snipe,  the  jack-snipe,  Limnocryptes  gallinula  ; 
(9)  -web,  (a)  the  red-necked  phalarope,  Phalaropus  hyper- 
boreus;  (b)  the  grey  phalarope,  P.  lobatus;  (10)  -whaup, 
see  (3,  *)!  (")  -wood,  (a)  the  woody  nightshade,  Solatium 
Dulcamara  ;  (b)  the  clematis  or  honesty,  Clematis  Vitalba. 
(i,  a)  Lin.  As  it  only  fetches  half  the  price  of  a  mallard  or  brent 
goose  it  is  known  to  the  fenners  as  a  half  bird,  SMITH  Birds  (1887) 
482.  (Ai  Nrf.  SwAiNSpN  Birds  1,1885)  *99-  (2)  Nrf.  The  whimbrel 
or  '  half-callo,'  in  habits,  custom,  and  appearance  much  resembles 
the  curlew,  EMERSON  Birds  (ed.  1895)  305.  (3,3)  Nrf.  SWAINSON  ib. 
199.  [The  whimbrel  very  closely  resembles  the  curlew,  but  is ... 




very  considerably  smaller  in  size,  YARRELL  Birds  (ed.  1845)  II. 
583.]  (6)  Nrf.  SWAINSON  ib.  198.  (4)  ib.  154.  (5)  Sus.  In  the 
river  Tees  we  take  notice  but  of  two  distinctions  of  size,  viz. 
a  salmon  cock,  which  some  call  a  half  fish,  RAY  Carres.  (1677)  127. 
[SATCHELL  (1879).]  (6)  e.An.1  Nrf.  COZENS-HARDY  Broad  Nrf. 
(1893)45.  (7)  Bck.  Science  Gossip  (1891)  119.  (8)  SWAINSON  (A. 
193.  Oxf.  API.IN  Birds  (1889)  214.  (9)  Or.I.  SMITH  Birds  (1887) 
452.  S.  &  Ork.1  (10)  Frf.  SWAINSON  ib.  198.  (n,  a)  War.3, 
Wor.  (B.  &  H.),  s.Wor.  (H.K.)  (4)  Glo.1 

8.  adv.  In  comb,  (i)  Half  away,  mad ;  (2)  —  back, 
an  exclamation  used  to  direct  horses  to  turn  to  the 
left;  (3)  -baked,  (a)  foolish,  silly,  weak  of  intellect; 
raw,  inexperienced  ;  (b)  a  foolish  fellow ;  (4)  —  bap- 
tize, to  baptize  privately ;  (5)  -baptized,  see  (3,  aj ; 
(6)  -char,  (a)  doing  things  by  halves,  slightly  or  badly 
done ;  (b)  see  (3,  b)  ;  (7)  -christened,  see  (3,  a) ;  (8) 
•cocked,  half-drunk  ;  (9)  -cow'd,  bent,  stooping  ;  also  used 
fig.;  (10)  — enough,  ?  half  as  much  again;  (n)  -gaited, 
limping,  weak  of  gait;  (12)  -gate(s  or  -gait,  half-way;  (13) 
•going,  the  right  of  pasturage  upon  the  Fell  for  a  certain 
number  of  sheep  within  defined  limits ;  (14)  -gone,  (a) 
see  (3,  a);  (b)  about  the  middle  period  of  pregnancy;  (15) 
•lang  leather,  a  ladder  of  medium  length;  (i6)-lang  ploo, 
a  plough  with  medium  metals;  (17)  -middling,  in  poor 
health,  indifferent  in  health ;  (18)  -mounted  gentleman, 
a  yeoman,  small  proprietor  of  land ;  (19)  -named,  privately 
baptized  ;  (20)  -nethered,  nearly  perished  with  cold  ;  (21) 
•old,  middle-aged  ;  (22)  —  right,  see  (3,  a)  ;  (23)  -roads, 
see  (12) ;  (24)  -rock,  a  foolish  fellow ;  half-witted  ;  (25) 
•rocked  or  -rockton,  see  (3,  a) ;  (26)  -sarkit,  half-clothed  ; 
(27)  -saved,  also  in  phr.  not  half-saved,  (28)  -scraped,  (29) 
•shaked,  (30)  -shanny,  (31)  -shaved,  see  (3,  a) ;  (32) 
•shaven,  ?  without  ceremony ;  (33)  -skim,  made  of  milk 
skimmed  once  only  ;  (34)  -slew'd,  see  (8) ;  (35)  -soaked, 
see  (3,  a) ;  (36)  -sprung,  see  (8)  ;  (37)  -strain,  (a)  see 
(3.  «) !  (b)  mongrel ;  (38)  -strained,  (a)  see  (3,  a) ;  (b)  in 
phr.  half-strained  gentry,  '  shabby-genteel '  persons,  those 
who  have  difficulty  in  keeping  up  appearances ;  (39)  - 
there,  see  (3,  a) ;  (40)  -thick,  (a)  see  (3,  a)  ;  (b)  see  (3,  6)  ; 
(c)  half-fat ;  a  half-fattened  animal ;  (41)  —  tidy,  pretty 
well ;  (42)  -waxed,  half-grown  ;  (43)  -ways,  half,  partly. 

(i)  N.I.1  (a)  Dur.1  (3,  a)  n.Cy.  (B.K.)  Nhb.  The  proposition 
was  a  half-baked  one,  WATSON  Hist.  Lit.  and  Phil.  Soc.  (1897) 
134.  n.Yks.14,  w.Yks.2,  ne.Lan.1,  s.Chs.1  nw.Der.1  Having  had 
only  half  sleep  or  rest.  n.Lin.1  sw.Lin.1  He  talks  like  a  man 
haef-baked.  War.2 ;  War.4  Yer  mount  expect  too  much  of  him ; 
he  were  only  half-baked  when  he  were  born.  w.Wor.  I  warn't 
half-baked,  nor  borned  isterday,  S.  BEAUCHAMP  Grantley  Grange 
(1874)  I.  76.  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  Wil.  (G.E.D.),  (E.H.G.),  Wil.1, 
Som.  (J.S.F.S.)  n.Dev.  KINGSLEY  Westward  Ho!  (1855)  I.  91,  in 
PEACOCK  Gl.  (1889).  Cor.  A  fine,  bowerly  woman,  but  a  bit 
ha'f-baked  in  her  wits;  put  in  wi'  the  bread,  as  they  say,  an'  tuk 
out  wi'  the  cakes,  'Q.'  Troy  Town  (1888)  xi ;  Cor.123  (A)  Der.2 
(4)  s-Wor.1,  Hrf.2,  Glo.  (A.B.)  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  Ken.1  Ken.,  Sus. 
N.  &  Q.  (1893)  8th  S.  iv.  275.  Sus.1  If  you  please,  sir,  will  you 
be  so  good  as  to  half-baptize  the  baby  ?  (5)  Sus.1  You  must  have 
been  half-baptized  to  water  those  flowers  when  the  sun  was  full 
on  them.  (6,  a)  s.Chs.1  It)s  terubl  ai'f-chaa'r  wuurk  tu  aa  too 
aawts  ut  gy'et-in  u  job  lahyk  dhaal-  dim  [It's  terrible  hafe-char 
work  to  ha'  two  outs  at  gettin'  a  job  like  that  done].  nw.Der.1 
(b)  Der.2,  nw.Der.1  (7)  n.Lin.1  (8)  Nhb.  Half-cock'd  and  canty, 
hyem  we  gat,  WILSON  Pitman's  Pay  (1843)  54  ;  Nhb.1  I.W.2  All 
on  'em  was  about  half  cocked.  (9)  n.Yks.2  '  A  poor  hawf-cow'd 
fellow,'  one  whom  his  wife  rules.  (10)  Dev.They  say  Bradninch 
bells  are  half-enough  more  than  Thorverton  bells,  Reports  Provinc. 
(1889).  (n)  w.Yks.  Thear  he  goaze  wi  his  hauf-gaited  legs  an 
a  smile  on  his  poor  thin  face,  TOM  TREDDLEHOYLE  Bairnsla  Ann. 
(1873)  62.  i  12)  Sc.  I  wud  be  verie  happy — verie  weel-pleased  to 
meet  him  half-gates,  Glenfergus  (1820)  III.  231  (JAM.).  Sh.I.  I'm 
mair  as  half-gaets  up  da  voe,  JUNDA  Klingrahobl  (1898)  52.  Abd. 
When  he  was  about  half  gates  up  the  wood  he  had  got  some  plan 
in  his  head,  Deeside  Tales  (1872)  121.  Per.  When  ance  we're  in 
the  battle's  din  We'll  find  we're  half  gate  thro',  HALIBURTON  Ochil 
Idylls  (1891)  44-  e.Fif.  His  coat  was  o'  many  colours  an'  hang 
doon  half-gaits  till's  heels,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  xiv.  Gall. 
Wi'  whiskers  half-gate  o'er  his  face,  NICHOLSON  Poet.  Wks.  (1814) 
47,  ed.  1897.  ^13)  Cum.  Attached  to  most  of  the  Fell  dale  farms 
(J.Ar.).  (14,  a)  w.Yks.  He  is  abaht  hauf  gooan,  Leeds  Merc. 

Suppl.  (Nov.  ii,  1893).  (b)  Sc.  (JAM.),  Cai.1  (15)  Nhb.  (R.O.H.) 
(16)  Nhb.1  A  '  lang-ploo'  is  a  plough  with  a  long  mould  board.  A 
'  short-ploo '  is  a  short  metalled  one.  A  half-lang  is  between  the 
two.  (17)  w.Yks.  Ah'm  nobbut  just  abaht  hauf-middlin,  Yks. 
Wkly.  Post  (Feb.  15,  1896).  (18)  Ir.  A  sturdy  half-mounted 
gentleman,  BARRINGTON  Sketches  (1830)  I.  xii ;  In  those  days  the 
common  people,  ideally  separated  the  gentry . . .  into  three  classes. 
.  .  i.  Half-mounted  gentlemen.  .  .  The  first-named  class  formed 
the  only  species  of  independent  yeomanry  then  existing  in  Ireland, 
ib.  (19)  Hrf.1,  Glo.1  (20)  n.Yks.2  (21)  Abd.  Drink  soon  wad 
mak"  him  daz'd  and  doited  ere  ha'f  auld,  SHIRREFS  Poems  (1790) 
42.  (22)  Cum.  Ye  munna  trust  him,  he's  nobbet  hofe-reet  (E.  W.P.) ; 
They  say  he  is  nobbet  hawf  reel,  GILPIN  Sngs.  (1866)  310 ;  Cnm.14 
Lan.  He  wos  nobbut  hofe  reel,  R.  PIKETAH  Fomess  Flk.  (1870)  34. 
(23)  Sc.  (JAM.)  -,24)  n.Yks.2  Nrf.  COZENS-HARDY  Broad  Nrf. 
(i893)  58.  (25)  N.Cy.1  Half-rocked-innocent.  Nhb.  The  Biship 
o'  Jarra  is  a  hawf  rockt  un,  Keelman's  Ann.  (1869)  23;  Nhb.1 
Cum.  They're  what  ah  may  co  hofe  rockt  mako'  whoke,  SARGISSON 
Joe  Scoap  (1881)  129  ;  Cum.3  He  was  yan  o'  t'hafe-rock't  mak  was 
Wiffy,  27.  Wm.  Thaer  folk  browt  him  up  bi  cannel-leet ;  turned 
him  oot  a  hofe  rocked  'un,  Spec.  Dial.  (1880)  pt.  ii.  42.  n.Yks.1; 
n.Yks.4  It's  nobbut  a  hauf-rocked  thing  foor  onnybody  ti  deea. 
ne.  Yks.1,  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.  He  wor  one  o'  them  harmless,  gawmless, 
hauf-rockt,  sleeveless,  dateless  creeturs,  Yksman,  Comic  Ann. 
(i&&i)  27;  w.Yks.13,  ne.Lan.1,  e.Lan.1,  nw.Der.1  Lin.1  Take  no 
notice  of  Aunt,  she's  half-rocked.  n.Lin.1,  sw.Lin.1,  e.An.1  Cmb.1 
Why  he's  only  a  poor  half-rocked  sort  of  fellow.  Nrf.  (E.M.), 
e.Suf.  (F.H.  j  (26;  Ayr.  While  here,  half-mad,  half-fed,  half-sarkit, 
Is  a'  the  amount,  BURNS  Vision,  st.  5.  (27)  sw-Lin.1  He's  a  poor 
half-saved  sort  of  creature.  War.2  Shr.,  Hrf.  BOUND  Provinc. 
(1876  .  Hrf.  DUNCUMB  Hist.  Hrf.  (1804-1812)  ;  Hrf.1,  Glo.1  Mid. 
'  When  spiders  go  thrumming,  there  is  wild  weather  coming,' 
came  clumsily  into  my  half-saved  mind,  BLACKMORE  Kit  (1890)  II. 
iv.  Wil.1  Som.  Used  as  '  not  half-saved  '  (W.F.R.)  ;  Monthly 
Mag.  (1814)  II.  126.  w.Som.1  Poor  bwoy,  you  can't  'spect  much 
vrom  he— he  idn  'boo  half  a-saved.  Dev.  PULMAN  Sketches  (1842) 
101,  ed.  1871.  nw.Dev.1  Cor.  For  he  was  but  half-saaved, 
TREGELLAS  Tales  ,1868,  49;  Cor.12  (28)  n.Cy.  (B.K.)  .29)  Chs.1 
(30)  Ess.1  (31)  n.Cy.  (B.K.)  (32)  w.Yks.  You're  to  bring 
Peggy,  and  come  hawf  shavven,  DIXON  Craven  Dales  (1881)  175. 
(33)  Dor.  Half-skim  cheese,  BARNES  Gl.  (1863".  ^34)  e.Yks.1, 
w.Yks.  (J.W.)  ^35)  s.Chs.1  s.Stf.  He  acts  soo  haulf  soaked  folks 
never  thinkin  he's  gettin  the  better  on  'em,  but  he  is,  PINNOCK 
Blk.  Cy.  Ann.  (1895  .  War.  NORTHALL  Wd.  Bk.  (1896,  (s.v.  Half- 
saved  i.  w.Wor.1,  se.Wor.1  Shr.1  That  chap  looks  as  if'ewuz 
on'y  'afe-soaked.  (36)  Oxf.  (G.P.)  (37)  Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 
(38,  n)  s.Chs.1  Shr.1  I  think  the  Maister  wuz  to  blame  to  trust  a 
'afe-strained  auf  like  'im,  C6th  a  sperited  'orse  ;  Shr.2  Hrf.2  She's 
a  half-strained  donkey,  (b)  Dev.  Reports  Provinc.  (1877)  131. 
(39;  n.Yks.1  Puir  silly  gomerill  !  He's  nobbut  hauf-there.  n.Lin.1 
(40,  a)  e.Cnm.  ^C.W.D.),  w.Yks.23,  Fit.  (T.K.J.)  (b)  Nhb.  Ah 
larned  thee  hoo  to  dae  thy  reckonin' — an'  it's  mair  nor  a  haufthick 
like  thee  desarves,  5.  Tynedale  Stud.  (1896)  v.  Cum.  Haufthicks 
leyke  his-sell,  STAGG  Misc.  Poems  (ed.  1807)  89 ;  Cum.1 ;  Cum.3 
Thou's  rayder  a  hoaf-thick,  but  m'appen  I  may,  39.  Wm.  Enny 
gomeless  hofe-thick  mae  deea  ya  ill  turn  fer  anudther,  Spec.  Dial. 
(1880)  pt.  ii.  8.  w.Yks.  Does  ta  meean  to  tell  me  'at  tha'd  noa 
moor  respect  for  thisen  nor  to  wed  a  hawfthick  like  Alick  ? 
HARTLEY  Clock  A  Int.  (1877)  31.  Lan.  Waw.  hoo  says,  theaw  hawve- 
thick,  that's  th'  angelica  percil,  STATON  Loominary  (c.  1861)  31. 
s.Chs.1,  nw.Der.1  (c)  Cum.14,  w.Yks.13  ne.Lan.1  '  She's  nobbut 
hauf-thick,'  not  fat  enough  for  a  butcher.  1^41)  Ess.  '  How  do  you 
like  yourself  in  your  new  place?'  'Oh,  half  tidy!'  (H.M.M.) 
(42)  Nhb.1  A  half-waxed  lad.  (43)  Lnk.  I'm  half-ways  gi'en  to 
tak'  your  part,  An'  half-ways  to  abuse  ye,  MURDOCH  Doric  Lyre 
(1873)  68. 

9.  Phr.  (i)  half  and  between,  neutral,  neither  one  thing 
nor  the  other  ;  (2)  —  and  half,  (a)  see  (i) ;  (b)  half-witted  ; 
(c)  tipsy,  half-intoxicated;  (3)  — after,  with  numerals: 
half-past  such  and  such  an  hour ;  (4)  —  a-two,  almost  in 
two  pieces,  cracked,  in  half;  (5)  —  too  much,  too  much 
by  half;  (6)  not  to  half  do  anything,  to  do  anything 
thoroughly  or  very  much  ;  (7)  to  be  half-past  five  with 
anything,  to  be  all  up  with  anything,  be  '  finished,' '  done 
for ' ;  (8)  to  kill  half  a  beast  a  week,  see  below  ;  (9)  to  lose 
half  the  way  of  anybody,  not  to  be  able  to  keep  up  with 
any  one,  to  run  or  walk  half  as  fast  as. 

(i)  Rnf.  Take  the  Radical  side,  And  nae  mair  be  a  half-and- 
between,  M°GILVRAY  Poems  (ed.  1862)  282.  (a,  a)  Cld.  (JAM.) 
(6)  Not.3  Nobbut  'afe  an'  'afe.  (c)  Dmf.  Big  John  M'Maff.  .  . 




Turned,  though  the  chiel  was  half  and  half,  His  head  away,  MAYNE 
Siller  Gun  (18081  st.  74.  Gall.  Our  wooer  wasna  happy,  Though 
fully  half  and  half  wi'  nappy,  NICHOLSON  Poet.  IVks.  (1814)  44,  ed. 
1897.  Wor.  '  Were  you  drunk  at  the  time  ? '  '  Well,  I'll  tell  you 
what  it  is,  gentlemen,  I  was  half-an'-half,  Evesham  Jrn.  (Dec.  35, 
1897-  (3)  Sc.  (A.W.)  Nhp.1  'What's  o'clock,  Bill?'  '  Haat 
arter  ten.'  Nrf.  We  started  to  get  our  dinners  at  half  arter  twelve, 
EMERSON  Son  of  fens  (1892)  136.  Suf.  Haaf  arter  three,  e.An.  Dy. 
Times  (1893).  Som.  At  half-aater  zix,  AGRIKLER  Rhymes  (1873) 
106.  (4)  n.Cy.  (J.W.\  War.2,  Oxf.1  Brks.1  The  led  o'  the  box 
be  hafe-atwo  an'  wunt  stan'  no  mendin'.  Hrt.  I'll  cut  it  half  in 
two  and  use  one  piece  here  (G.H.G.).  (5)  Guer.  It's  half  too 
much  (G.H.G.).  (6)  s.Stf.  I  daint  hauf  enj'y  myself,  PINNOCK 
Blk.  Cy.  Ann.  (1895).  <l)  Glo.  It  was  all  half-past  five  with 
the  bicycle  (S.S.BA  (8)  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  Lin.  A  man  said  of 
a  butcher  who  had  risen  in  the  world,  '  He  was  in  a  poor  way 
when  he  fo'st  corned  here,  nobbut  ewest  to  kill  hauf  a  beast  a 
week."  The  common  and  appropriate  phr.  for  a  butcher  who 
joins  weekly  with  another  in  purchasing  a  beast  for  slaughter 
(E.P.).  (9)  Nhb.  Alice  followed  as  fast  as  she  could,  but  lost  half 
the  way  of  Edward,  The  Long  Pack  (c.  1728)  in  N.  &•  Q.  (1888) 
7th  S.  vi.  148. 

10.  Followed  by  numerals  in  speaking  of  the  time  of 
day :  half-past  the  preceding  hour. 

Sc.  'What's  o'clock?'  'Half  six,' or  half-past  five,  Scolicisms 
(1787)  43;  Tell  Geordie,  wullye,  to  bid  Else  come  down  to  the 
byre  at  half  aicht,  SWAN  Gates  of  Eden  ( 1 8951  i.  Sh.  &  Or.  I.  Common 
!j.M.).  Frf.  Jess  looked  quickly  at  the  clock.  '  Half  fower! '  she 
said  excitedly,  BARRIE  Thrums  (1889)  iii.  Per.  He  gaed  tae  bed 
at  half  twa  and  wes  oot  in  the  fields  by  four,  IAN  MACLAREN  K. 
Carnegie  (1896)  154. 

11.  v.  To  halve,  divide  into  two  equal  parts,  to  share;  in 
sheep-marking  :  to  cut  off  half  the  ear. 

Bnff.1  Lth.  '  To  hauf  and  snake,' to  divide.  Esp.  applied  to  a 
tavern  bill  or  lauwin,  as  '  We'll  hauf  and  snake,'  we  shall  pay  equal 
shares  (JAM.).  Lakel.2  Hauf  a  hig  off.  e.Snf.  (F.H.)  Cor.  And 
haafey  with  waun,  DANIEL  Poems. 

12.  With   down :    to  half-plough,   plough   lightly ;   also 
called  Halfen  down. 

w.Som.1  To  make  a  kind  of  half  ploughing,  by  which  a  shallow 
sod  is  turned  upside  down  upon  the  adjacent  unmoved  sod.  A 
very  common  operation,  when  it  is  desired  only  to  rot  the  surface 
growth  without  burying  it  deeply. 

HALFENDEAL,  sb.  Som.  Dev.  A  half  part  of  any- 
thing, a  moiety  ;  also  used  attrib. 

Som.  A  halfendeal  garment  is  one  composed  of  two  different 
materials,  ./V.  &  Q.  (1852)  ist  S.  vi.  184;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 
w.Som.1  The  word  rather  implies  a  division  by  counting,  although 
it  is  used  occas.  with  reference  to  division  by  measure  only,  as  of 
liquids,  cheese,  &c.  '  I  let'n  had  a  full  halfen  deal,  same's  off  we 
was  to  share  and  share  alike.'  nw.Dev.1  Now  obs.,  but  common 
in  old  leases  in  the  phr.  '  moiety  or  halfendeal.' 

[He  .  .  .  neme  bat  halfendele,  LAJAMON  (c.  1275)  7093. 
OE.  (pone)  healfan  dal,  the  half  part.] 

HALFER,  see  Halver,  Haffer,  v? 

HALFING,  sb.  Dev.  The  custom  of  collecting  birds' 
eggs  to  string  together  for  use  at  the  sports  held  on  the 
2Qth  of  May. 

The  children  go  about  in  parties,  six  or  seven  together,  halfing, 
as  they  call  it.  This  custom  is  nothing  more  than  to  collect  as 
many  birds'  eggs  as  they  can  against  garland  day,  BRAY  Desc. 
Tamar  and  Tavy  (1836)  II.  lett.  30;  GROSE  ^1790)  MS.  add.  (M.) 

HALFLIN,  see  Hafflin. 

HALFLIN(G,  sb.  and  adj.  Sc.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan.  Also 
in  forms  haaflan  Cld. ;  haaflang  Sc.  QAM.);  hafflin  Sc. 
n.Yks.2;  haflin  Sc.  Cum.1;  half-lang,  hauflin  Sc. ;  hawflin 
Cum.  n.Yks.2;  hoafen  ne.Lan.1;  hoaflin  Cum.1  1.  sb. 
A  half-grown  boy,  a  stripling,  a  boy  employed  upon  a 
farm  or  in  a  stable  ;  a  hobbledehoy. 

Or.I.  An1  thus  unto  the  halflin'  she  sed,  Oread.  J.  Gilpin,  St.  55, 
in  ELLIS  Pronunc.  (1889)  V.  809.  Cat1  Abd.  The  dress  of  boys 
or  haflins  was  a  leather  cap  trimmed  with  cat's  fur,  a  very  short 
blue  sey  coat,  and  corduroy  trousers,  ANDERSON  Rhymes  ( 1867) 
307.  Frf.  He  had  ordered  the  hauflin'  to  saddle  the  shilt,  WATT 
Poet.  Sketches  (1880)  81.  Per.  Send  a  haflin  for  some  medicine, 
IAN  MACLAREN  Brier  Bush  (1894)  233  Flf.  To  snotter  or  to  slaver 
was  no  less  objectionable  in  the  callant.  the  loon,  or  the  haflin, 
COLVILLE  Vernacular  (1899)  17.  rn.Sc.  Who  was  horse-herd,  or 
what  was  in  those  days  called  hauflin,  upon  a  neighbouring  farm, 

WILSON  Tales  (1839)  V.  340.  Drab.  Wi'  daffin'  haflins,  gayest  o'  the 
gay,  SALMON  Gouiodean  (1868)  30.  Lnk.  I  see  the  coonter-louper 
chiels,  The  hafflin  warehoose  clerks,  COGHILL  Poems  (1890)  18. 
e.Lth.  Owre  the  lugs  in  love,  and  breesting  up  like  a  halflin'  to 
Miss  Jessie.  MUCKLEBACKIT  Rhymes  (1885)  179. 

2.  A  half-witted  person,  a  fool. 

CaU.Sth.  (JAM.)  Cum.Tou's  nobbet  a  hawflinbworn,  ANDERSON 
Ballads  (ed.  1808)  105;  Gl.  (1851);  Cum.1,  n.Yks.2,  ne.Lan.1 

3.  adj.  Half-grown,  youthful. 

Sc.  He  wears  a  tousie  wig  that  micht  set  a  haflin  laddie,  KEITH 
Indian  Uncle  (1896)  4.  Per.  Johnny  was  for  speed  unmatched, 
An'  halflin  hares  had  often  catched,  SPENCE  Poems  (1898)  197. 
w.Sc.  Amongst  the  servants  of  our  Scottish  farmers,  there  is  the 
'little  man,'  or  hauflin  callan,  CARRICK  Laird  of  Logan  (1835)  83. 
Ayr.  Proud  o'  the  height  o'  some  bit  half-lang  tree,  BURNS  Brigs 
of  Ayr  (1787)  1.  43.  Lnk.  I  was  but  a  hauflin'  chiel  O'  seventeen 
simmers,  COGHILL  Poems  (1890)  68.  Lth.  His  minnie  in  her 
halllin  days,  Had  met  his  faither's  ardent  gaze,  SMITH  Merry 
Bridal  (1866)  7.  Edb.  Some  outlandish  halflin  creatures  Nae  o' 
God's  mak,  LEARMONT  Poems  (1791)  i.  Dmf.  Halflin  swankies 
blithely  turn  Tae  sport  wi'  them  they  lo'e,  REID  Poems  (1894)  57. 
Gall.  More  like  a  halfling  lassie  than  a  douce  mother,  CROCKETT 
Cleg  Kelly  (1896)  376. 

HALFLINS,  adv.  and  adj.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Also  written 
halflens  Nhb.  ;  and  in  forms  haffins  Edb. ;  hafflins  Sc. 
n.Cy. ;  haflin  Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.)  ;  haflins  Sc.  Cum.1 ; 
hallens  Abd. ;  hallins  n.Sc.  QAM.)  ;  hauflins,  havlins 
Sc. ;  hoaflins  Cum.1  1.  adv.  Half,  partially  ;  nearly. 

Sc.  She  haflins  showed  a  rosie  cheek,  CUNNINGHAM  Sngs.  (1813) 
52.  Elg.  '  It's  serious,'  says  I,  somehoo  halflins  winkin,  TESTER 
Poems  (1865)  133.  Abd.  I  think  nae  sae,  she  says  and  haflins 
leugh,  Ross  Helenore  (1768)  73,  ed.  1812.  Frf.  I'm  baith  cripple 
an'  hafflins  blind,  BEATTIE  Amha  (c.  1820)  21.  ed.  1882.  Fif.  A 
show'r  o'  beams,  That  halflins  blindet,  wi'  their  sheen,  TENNANT 
Papistry  ^1827)  9.  Dmb.  Halflins  clad  He  frae  their  cruel  hands 
in  anguish  flew,  SALMON  Gouiodean  (1868)  27.  Rnf.  Wi'  a  face 
haflins  wae,  haflins  glad,  WEBSTER  Rhymes  (1835)  85.  Ayr. 
While  Jenny  hafflins  is  afraid  to  speak,  BURNS  Cottars  Sat.  Night 
(1785)  st.  7.  Lnk.  Mayhap  you'll  think  I  halflins  ken  You're  frae 
the  bonnie  banks  o'  Ayr,  PARKER  Misc.  Poems  (1859)  51.  Lth.  In 
a  dooer,  ha'flings  sleeping,  Sad  he  saw,  wi'  hallow  ee,  Mally,  BRUCE 
Poems  (1813)  II.  120.  Edb.  When  the  company  had  haffins  met, 
MOIR  Mansic  IVaucli  (1828)  ix.  Slk.  I  hafflins  thought  to  mysel, 
HOGG  Tales  (1838)  358,  ed.  1866.  Rub.  They  [birds]  haflins  tame 
do  seek  for  food  an'  bield,  A.  SCOTT  Poems  (ed.  1808)  no.  Dmf. 
Halflins  droon  The  laich  seep-sabbin'  o'  the  burn  doon  by,  REID 
Poems  (1894  29.  Gall.  He  hurkled  ben  and  hauflins  fell  asleep, 
MACTAGGART  Em  yd.  (1824)  116,  ed.  1876.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll. 
L.L.B.)  Nhb.  I've  haflens  rued  o'  Mr.  Bell !  GRAHAM  Maori.  Dial. 
(1826)  8.  Cum.1  When  'tis  carded,  row'd  and  spun,  Then  the 
work  is  haflins  done,  Sng.  of  Tarry  Woo. 

Hence  Hafflin(s)-wise,  adv.  partly,  in  a  slight  measure  ; 
reluctantly,  half-heartedly. 

Sc.  She  hafiin-wise  consented  (JAM.  SK/>/>/.).  Ayr.  Altho'  his 
carnal  wit  an'  sense  Like  hafflins-wise  o'ercomes  him  At  times 
that  day,  BURNS  Holy  Fair  (1785)  st.  17. 

2.  Half-way ;  mid-way  ;  in  equal  shares. 

Sc.  West  the  gate  To  auld  Kilmeny— it  slants  hafflins  hame, 
LEIGHTON  Wds.  (1869)  19.  Abd.  Hallens  to  anything,  near  by  it, 
SHIRREFS  Poems  (1790)  Gl.  Frf.  Ha'flins  has  life's  pirnie  reeled, 
an'  something  mair,  MORISON  Poems  (1790)  117.  Rnf.  Though 
haflins  backward,  thus  I  must  commence,  WEBSTER  Rhymes  (,1835) 
198.  Ayr.  An'  win'  o'  doctrine  hafflins  mixt,  SILLAR  Poems  ( 1 789) 
59.  Edb.  Patricks  [partridges]  skiming  o'er  the  mead,  And  haflins 
rintomeettheirbride,LiDDLEPo««5(i82i)  170.  Gall.  MACTAGGART 
Encycl.  (1824).  Cum.1 

3.  adj.  Half,  partial. 

Rnf.  For  me,  I  hae  a  halflins  swither,  Howe'er  Sectarians  girn 
at  ither,  FINLAYSON  Rhymes  (18151  98.  Lnk.  A  hafflins  thaw  is 
come  at  last,  HAMILTON  Poems  (1865)  103.  Edb.  Wi'  Habby 
Graeme,  the  haflins  fool,  Tint  Quey  (1796)  17. 

4.  Half-grown,  young. 

Sc.  My  father  was  then  a  hafflins  callant,  SCOTT  Redg.  (1824) 
Lett.  xi.  Lnk.  The  hafflins  man  himself  is  likely  to  be  in  a  state 
of  discontent,  FRASER  Whaups  (1895)  ix.  Edb  A  touzy  ragged 
halflins  callant  of  thirteen,  MOIR  Mansie  Wauch  1828)  x. 

[1.  Than  vp  I  lenyt,  halflingis  in  affrey,  DUNBAR  Thistle 
attd  Rose  (c.  1510)  187.] 

HALFPENNY,  sb.  Sc.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan.  ?Nrf.  Dev. 
Cor.  Also  in  forms  awpenny  Yks. ;  awpney  w.Yks. ; 



ha'penny  Fif.  Cor. ;  hapmy  Dev.  ;  happenny  Cor. ;  hau- 
penny  w.Yks.1 ;  hawpney  w.Yks.1 ;  hawpny  w.Yks.1 
Lan.1;  ho'penny  Cum.1  1.  In  comp.  (i)  Halfpenny-bit, 
a  halfpenny  ;  (2)  -deevils,  a  kind  of  sweetmeat  or  cake  ; 
(3)  -piece,  see  (i)  ;  (4)  -slit,  an  ear-mark  given  to  pigs  or 
sheep  [not  known  to  our  other  correspondents]. 

ii)  Dev.  Canst  gie  me  til  hapmy  bits  vur  a  penny?  HEWETT 
Peas.  Sp.  (1892).  (2)  Fif.  There  were  such  special  aids  to  friend- 
ship as  '  clack  "...  the  '  gundy  '  of  Edinburgh  youth,  '  pawrlies,' 
and  '  ha'penny  deevils,'  COLVILLE  Vernacular  (1899)  14.  (3) 
w.Yks.  He  owes  ma  ivvery  awpney  piece  Fur  twenty  pund  a 
tripe,  PRESTON  Poems  (1864)  16  ;  w.Yks.1  He  cares  nut  a  haupenny 
piece  what  expense  an  trouble  he  puts  other  foak  lull,  ii.  298. 
Lan.Aw'll  lend  'em  nowt,  not  a  hawp'ny  piece,  DOHERTY.W.  Barlow 
(1884)  38.  (4)  ?  Nrf.  (W.W.S.) 

2.  Phr.  (i)  halfpenny  head  and  a  fardin  tail,  applied  to 
anything  of  which  the  parts  do  not  correspond,  one  being 
much  better  than  another.  Cum.1 ;    (2)  to  have,  or  keep, 
one's  hand  on  ones  halfpenny,  to  be  mean,  stingy  ;  to  look 
after  one's  own  interests.    w.Yks.1,  ne.Lan.1 

3.  pi.   Savings,  a  fortune. 

w.Cor.  '  She  has  bra'  happunce,  I  can  tell  ee.'  Small  savings  are 
often  spoken  of  as  '  little  ha'pence.'  '  I  should  like  to  have  her 
little  ha'pence'  (M.A.C.). 

HALFPENNY-WORTH,  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  Yks.  Lin.  Brks. 
I.W.  Also  in  forms  aapoth  Lin. ;  hapeth  I.W.1 ;  ha- 
porth  Ir. ;  happorth  Lnk. ;  hauaporth  w.Yks.5;  hawporth 
w.Yks.1;  hawpworth  n.Yks. ;  yeppath  Brks.1  [h^a'pab, 
9'pab.j  1.  In  phr.  to  lose  a  hog,  or  ewe,  for  a  halfpenny- 
worth of  tar,  to  be  penny  wise  and  pound  foolish,  to  be  so 
saving  in  little  things  as  to  risk  things  of  value. 

n.Yks.  Let's  nut  loase  an  hogg  for  a  hawpworth  of  tarr,  MERITON 
Praise  Ale  (1684)  1.  125.  w.Yks.1  Dunnot  loaz  t'yow  for  a  haw- 
porth o'  tar. 

2.  A  very  small  quantity. 

Lnk.  Not  a  wan  in  Towe-Rowe  knows  a  happorth  about  me, 
MURDOCH  Readings  (ed.  1895)  I.  32.  Ir.  A  grand  baste  —but  no 
ha'porth  o'  use,  BAH  LOW  Bogland\  1892)  7,ed.  1893.  Lin.Amowta 
taae'n  owd  Joanes,  as  'ant  nor  a  'aapoth  o'  sense,  TENNYSON  N.  Far- 
mer, Old  Style  (1864)  st.  13.  Brks.1  A  yent  got  a  yeppath  o' zense. 

3.  An  article  of  little  value  ;    a  bargain  ;    a  good-for- 
nothing  or  clownish  fellow. 

w.Yks.5  A  clownish,  ridiculous  person,  is  '  nobbut  a  hauaporth ! ' 
One  who  commits  a  great  mistake  is  stigmatized  as  being  '  a  gurt 
hauaporth  !  '  A  newly-bought  joint  of  meat  turning  out  to  be 
magotty,  is  '  a  rum  hauaporth  !  '  An  eccentric-spoken  man  who 
has  occupied  a  pulpit,  is  '  a  queer  hauaporth  ! '  to  the  listener. 
I.W.1  That  chap's  a  bad  hapeth. 

HALFY,  sb.  nw.Dev.1  [ae'fi.]  A  fool,  a  half-witted 
person.  Cf.  halflin(g,  2. 

HALGAVER  COURT,  phr.    Cor.     See  below. 

The  people  of  Bodmin  had  an  old  custom  of  assembling  ...  on 
Halgaver  Moor  in  ...  July,  and  electing  a  '  Mayor  of  Misrule,' 
for  the  punishment  of  petty  offenders. .  . .  When  these  mates  meet 
with  any  raw  serving-man  or  other  young  master,  who  may  serve 
and  deserve  to  make  pastime,  they  cause  him  to  be  solemnly 
arrested  for  his  appearance  before  the  Mayor  of  Halgaver,  where 
he  is  charged  with  wearing  one  spur,  or  wanting  a  girdle,  or  some 
such  like  felony,  and  .  .  .  judgment  is  given  in  formal  terms,  and 
executed  in  some  one  ungracious  prank  or  other.  Hence  is  sprung 
the  proverb,  when  we  see  one  slovenly  apparelled,  to  say  '  He 
shall  be  presented  in  Halgaver  Court,'  HUNT  Pop.  Rom.  w.Eng. 
(1865)  402-3,  ed.  1896. 

HALGH,  HALIDAY,  HALIER,  see  Haugh,  Holiday, 

HALIFAX,  sb.  Yks.  Lin.  Oxf.  Cor.  Amer.  In  phr.  go  to 
Halifax,  a  mild  substitute  for  a  direction  to  go  to  a  place 
not  to  be  named  to  ears  polite.  Cf.  Hecklebirnie,  Hexham, 

w.Yks.  (J.W.)  n.Lin.  Well  known  in  these  parts,  A'.  &  Q. 
(1875)  5th  S.  iv.  154  ;  n-Lin.1,  Oxf.  (G.O.)  e.Cor.  Very  common 
about  Looe,  fifty  years  ago,  N.  (f  Q.  (1.  c. )  [Amer.  Common, 
Dial.  Notes  (1896)  I.  382.] 

HALIKELD,  sb.     Obs.     Yks.    A  holy  well.     See  Keld. 

n.Yks.  The  pins  cast  into  the  halikeld,  ATKINSON  Maori.  Parish 
(1891)  132. 

HALINAS,  sb.  pi.  w.Yks.  In  the  rag-trade  :  coarse 
white  blankets  from  Hungary,  Roumania,  &c.  (M.F.) 

HALISH,  adj.  Cor.  Also  in  form  allish.  Pale,  sickly 
in  appearance,  weak,  ailing. 

THOMAS  Randigal  Rhymes  (1895)  Gl.  •  Cor.1  She's  a  poor  halish 
creetur;  Cor.2 

HALISON,  sb.    Sc.     ?  A  saying. 

Abd.  Sweeter  bliss  Than  faith  in  this  glad  Halison,  'Thee'enin' 
brings  a'  Hame/  EDWARDS  Mod.  Poets,  ist  S.  66. 

HALIWERK-FOLK,  sb.  Obs.  Dur.  Also  written 
Halywerc  folk.  People  who  held  their  lands  by  the 
service  of  defending  the  body,  relics,  and  territory  of  St. 

SURTEES  Hist.  Dur.  I.  xv,  xvi,  in  BROCKETT  Gl.  (1846) ;  They 
pleaded  . .  .  that  they  were  Haliwerke  folkes,  and  held  their  lands 
to  defend  the  Corps  of  Saint  Cuthbert,  CAMDEN  Brit.  (1610)  736  ; 
Halyworkfolk,  BAILEY  (1721). 

[A  contam.  form  of  the  older  Haliwares  folc,  the  people 
of  the  holy  man  (Cuthbert) ;  see  Feodarium  Prioratus 
Dunelm.  (Surtees)  (passim)  (N.E.D.).] 

HALL,  sb.1  and  int.  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Yks.  Lan.  Stf.  Suf. 
Ken.  Sus.  Cor.  Also  in  forms  ha'  Sc.  ;  haa  Nhb.1 ;  haal 
Cor.3;  hal-  N.Cy.1  Ken.1;  hale  Cor.;  haw  Sc.  Stf.;  ho' 
Lan.  [ha,  §1,  93!.]  1.  sb.  A  house,  home ;  a  farm-house 
or  cottage. 

Cai.1  The  chief  farm  in  a  township.  Elg.  The  calves  prance 
round  the  ha',  COUPER  Poetry  11804)  I.  113.  Abd.  My  wee  bit 
cantie  ha'  Peeps  out  frae  "mid  a  wreath  o"  snaw,  STILL  Cottar's 
Sunday  (1845)  144.  Kcd.  To  see  ...  His  father's  ha'  and  youthful 
hame,  JAMIE  Muse  (1844)  14.  Frf.  Her  smile  was  the  sunshine 
that  lichtit  oor  ha',  WATT  Poet.  Sketches  (1880)  81.  Rnf.  Nae  mair 
I'll  see  my  faither's  ha',  BARR  Poems  (1861)  99.  Ayr.  Noo  1  am 
moor'd  in  my  ain  cosie  ha',  WHITE  Jottings  (1879)  Il&-  Lth. 
She's  the  star  o'  his  heart  an'  his  ha',  man,  BALLANTINE  Poems 
11856)  86.  Bwk.  Monthly  Mag.  (1814)  I.  31.  Edb.  Lang  mat 
your  ha'  be  stow'd  wi'  blessin'srife  !  LEARMONT  Poems  (1791)  194. 
Lan.  I'  th'  ho  an'  cottage  ingill,  KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH  Scarsdale 
(1860;  II.  215. 

2.  The  principal  room  of  a  house,  the  parlour  ;  also  in 
comp.  Hall-chamber. 

Sc.  A'  that's  said  in  the  kitchen  shou'd  na  be  tauld  in  the  ha', 
RAMSAY  Prov.  (17371.  Cor.  I  knawed  un  by  Mally,Phelleps' 
pictur  ofun  in  her  hall,  TREGELLAS  Tales  (1865)  33;  Ai  wud'nt 
.  .  .  tres'n  in  aur  eel  tjeenrba  bai  asel'f  [I  wouldn't  trust  him  in 
our  hall-chamber  by  himself],  ELLIS Prommc.  Vi889)  V.  172  ;  Cor.3 
w.Cor.  They  cal'n  a  pare-lar,  forsuth  ;  why  a  es  but  a  good  hale 
and  make  the  most  of  'n,  BOTTRELL  Trad.  3rd  S.  60. 

Hence  not  to  remember  from  the  haal  to  the  heic/i,  phr.  to 
have  a  bad  memory.  Cor.3 

3.  The  kitchen  of  a   farm-house,   the  principal  living- 
room  ;  also  called  Farmer's  ha'. 

Abd.  In  winter's  nights,  whae'er  has  seen  The  farmer's  Ha" 
convene  Finds  a'  thing  there  to  please  his  een,  KEITH  Farmer's 
Ha'  U774)  s'-  I-  s.Sc.  Blithe  at  night  was  ilka  one  In  the 
auld  snug  ha'  o'  Little  Billy,  WATSON  Border  Bards  (1859)  7. 
Lnk.  Glad  tidings  in  the  Farmer's  ha'  Is  terror  to  the  weavers, 
WATSON  Poems  (1853)  3. 

4.  The  country  justices'   room  where  they  hold  their 
court.    e.Suf.  (F.H.) 

5.  Comb,  (i)  Hall-bible,  a  large  family-bible  ;  (2)  -clay, 
potter's  earth  ;  (3)  -corn  beer,  a  certain  quantity  of  barley 
paid  by  the  tenants  of  Amble  to  the  lord  of  the  manor; 
(4)   -en',  the  end  or  side  of  a  house ;  (5)  -farm,  a  farm 
specially  attached  to  a  manor-house  and  not  rented  to 
a   tenant ;    (6)   -farmer,  one  who  works  a  farm  for  the 
lord  of  the  manor  [not  known  to  our  correspondents] ; 
(7)  -folk,  servants ;  kitchen-folk ;  (8)  -garth,  a  hall-yard, 
an  open  enclosure  pertaining  to  a  hall ;  (9)  -house,  (a)  a 
manor-house,  the  residence  of  the  landed  proprietor  ;  (b) 
a  large  house,  a  farmer's  house  in  contradistinction   to 
that  of  a  cottar  ;  (10)  -maiden,  a  maidservant  in  a  farmer's 
house  ;  (n)  -neuk,  a  corner  in  a  hall  or  large  living-room  ; 
(12)  -rig,  the  first  ridge  in  a  field  cut  in  harvest. 

(i)  Sc.  The  large  Bible,  formerly  appropriated  for  family-wor- 
ship and  which  lay  in  the  Ha'  or  principal  apartment  (JAM.). 
Ayr.  The  big  ha'  bible  was  accordingly  removed  by  Mrs.  Walkin- 
shaw  from  the  shelf,  GALT  Entail  (1823)  xix.  Lnk.  The  muckle 
ha' -bible  was  brocht  frae  the  bole,  NICHOLSON  Kilwuddie  (ed.  1895) 
144.  Gall.  It's  in  your  hand  o'  write  that  the  name  o'  Janet 
Geddes  stands  in  the  big  ha'  Bible,  CROCKETT  Raiders  ( 1894)  xxxiii. 




(a)  lUb.  A  tough  blue  clay,  so  called  because  used  by  the  peasantry 
to  whiten  the  walls  of  their  houses  (JAM.)-     (3)  Nhb.1  Formerly 
for  the  use  of  the  monastic  cell  there.    (4)  Draf.  What  step  is  that  by 
our  ha"  en'?  CROMEK  Remains  (1810)  75.    (5)  Lan.  If  yo'n  tae  me 
on  booard  at  t'Ho  fearm,  KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH  Scarsdale  (1860)  II. 
215;  The  hall- farm  is  almost  invariably  farmed  by  the  owner  or 
the  tenant  of  the  hall,  retained  for  the  use  of  the  household.     In 
cases  where  the  tenant  of  the  hall  does  not  require  it,  the  hall- 
farm  is  sometimes  let  to  an  adjoining  farm-tenant  on  the  estate. 
Usually  it  is  principally  grazing  ground  (S.W.).     e.Suf.  (F.H.) 
(6)  Snf.  Even  this  happened  in  the  practice  of  a  hall-farmer,  MAR- 
SHALL Review  (1811)  III.  449.     (7)  Ayr.  Tho'  the  gentry  first  are 
stechin  Yet  ev'n  the  ha'  folk  fill  their  pechan,  BURNS  Twa  Dogs 
(1786)  1.  61,  6a.     (8)  m.Yks.1  (s.v.  Garth).     (9,  a)  Sh.I.  I  was  just 
seeking  you  that  you  may  gang  after  him  to  the  hall-house,  for, 
to  my  thought,  he  is  far  frae  weel,  SCOTT  Pirate  (1822)  vii.    Twd. 
They  shall  pay  a  plack  yearly,  if  demanded  from  the  hole  in  the  back 
wall  of  the  Hall-house,  Notes  to  Pennecuik's  Desc.  Twd.  (1815)  161 
(JAM.).      Edb.    Rinning  about  the   Laird's  ha'  house,  MACNEILL 
Bygone  Times  (iSn'i  43.     Dmf.  The  talk  in  the  ha'  hoose,  the  talk 
in  the  manse,  THOM  Jock  o'  Knowe  (1878)  32.     Dur.1,  Stf.   (K.) 
(6)  Sc.  I've  a  ha'-house,  I  hae  baith  goods  an'  gear,  Shepherd's 
Wedding  (1789)  n  ;  A  house  large  enough  to  possess  a  dining- 
room  (H.W.).   Abd.  The  cottage  built  on  an  inferior  scale  differed 
in  no  other  respect  from  the  farmer's  or  ha'-house,  Statist.  Ace. 
XXI.  242  (JAM.).     Gall.  In  yon  ha'  house,  ayont  the  fell,  Whar 
rural  peace  and  pleasure  dwell,  NICHOLSON  Poet.  Wks.  (1814)  39, 
ed.  1897.     Kcb.  The  halloo  rais'd  forth  frae  the  ha'-house  swarm, 
DAVIDSON  Seasons  (1789)  27  GAM.).     Nhb.1  It  is  always  distin- 
guished from  the  '  hinds'  hooses,'  as  the  hinds'  cottages  are  called. 
(.10)  Nhb.1  In  contradistinction  to  a  hind's  maiden.    ( 1 1 )  Sc.  A  leddy 
sits  in  our  hall-neuk,  SCOTT  Bride  of  Lam.  (1819)  xiv.     (12)  Lth. 
Thus  denominated,  because  it  is  cut  down  by  the  domestics  on 
the  farm,  i.e.  the  members  of  the  farmer's  family.     It  is  deemed 
the  post  of  honour  and  given  to  them,  as  they  are  gen.  the  most 
expert  and  careful  reapers.     The  other  reapers  are  understood  to 
keep  always  a  little  behind  those  who  have  this  honourable  station, 
which  is  therefore  also  called  the  foremost  rig  (JAM.).      Edb.  The 
ha-rig  rins  fu'  fast  a•wa,Har'stKig(I^g4)  n,ed.  1801.   Rxb.  JAM.) 
6.  inf.   An  exclamation  used  by  the  master  or  mistress 
of  a  house  to  keep  order  at  an  entertainment.    w.Yks.2 

[6.  A  hall,  a  hall  !  give  room  !  and  foot  it,  girls  !  SHAKS. 
R.S*J.  i.  v.28.] 

HALL,  sb.2  Som.  Cor.  Also  written  haul  Som. ;  and 
in  form  hale  Cor.  The  fruit  and  tree  of  the  hazel,  Corylus 
Avellana  ;  gen.  in  comp.  Hall-nut.  Som.,  Cor.  (B.  &  H.), 
Cor.12  See  Halse,  s*.2 

HALL,  sb.a  Dev.  Cor.  Also  written  hawl  Dev.  (HALL.) 
In  comp.  (i)  Hall-eve,  the  eve  of  Ash  Wednesday ;  (2) 
-Monday,  the  day  before  Shrove  Tuesday  ;  (3)  -night,  see 
(i) ;  (4)  -Sunday,  the  Sunday  before  Shrove-tide ;  (5) 
•Tuesday,  Shrove  Tuesday.  Cf.  hallow,  sb.1 

(INI  Dev. '  His  nose  smells  of  Hall  Eve,'  i.e.  has  the  smell  of 
good  meat  yet  in  it,  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  199.  (2)  Cor.  On  the 
day  termed  '  Hall '  Monday,  which  precedes  Shrove  Tuesday, 
about  the  dusk  of  the  evening  it  is  the  custom  for  boys  ...  to  prowl 
about  the  streets  with  short  clubs,  and  to  knock  loudly  at  every 
door,  running  off  to  escape  detection  on  the  slightest  sign  of 
a  motion  within.  If,  however,  no  attention  be  excited,  and 
especially  if  any  article  be  discovered  negligently  exposed,  or 
carelessly  guarded,  then  the  things  are  carried  away  ;  and  on  the 
following  morning  are  seen  displayed  in  some  conspicuous  place, 
to  expose  the  disgraceful  want  of  vigilance  supposed  to  charac- 
terise the  owner,  Reports  R.  Instit.  (1842)  in  QuiLLER-CoucH 
Hist.  Polperro  (1871)  151 ;  Cor.1*  e.Cor.  Fit-Lore  Jm.  (1886)  IV. 
129.  (3,  4)  Dev.  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  199.  (5)  Dev.  ;HALL.) 

HALL,  v.    Yks.    [al.]    To  shout,  halloo. 

w.Yks.  When  fowk  o'  ivry  side  on  him  is  hallin  an'  shaatin, 
Yksman.  (1880)  214  ;  In  ordinary  use  about  Bradford  (S.P.U.). 

HALL,  HALLA,  see  Hale,  sb.1,  Hallow,  sb.1 

HALLAK,  sb.    Sc.    A  hillock. 

Per.  Frae  hallak  to  hallak  I  haapit,  My  heart  was  as  light  as  a 
strae,  DUFF  Poems  133  (JAM.). 

HALLAN,  sb.1  Obsot.  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm. 
Lan.  Also  written  hallen  Sc.  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  Cum.  Wm. ; 
ballon  Sc.  n.Cy. ;  and  in  forms  halland  Sc. ;  hollan 
Sc.  N.I.1 ;  hollen  N.Cy.1 ;  hollin  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  [ha'lan, 
ho'lan.]  1.  A  partition-wall  in  a  cottage  between 
the  door  and  the  fire  to  keep  off  draughts,  a  screen  ; 

the  space  within  the  partition,  a  porch,  lobby,  .or  passage  ; 
also  used  attrib.    Cf.  haddin. 

Sc.  In  old  cottages,  an  inner  wall  built  between  the  fire-place 
and  the  door,  and  extending  backwards  as  far  as  is  necessary  to 
shelter  the  inner  part  of  the  house  from  the  air  of  the  door,  when 
it  is  opened.     It  is  gen.  composed  of  stone  and  clay  to  the  height 
of  the  side  walls  and  brace.     At  this  height  the  mud  or  cat  and 
clay  wall  begins  and  is  carried  up  to  the  chimney  top.     The  term 
is  sometimes  applied  to  a  partition  of  this  kind  extending  to  the 
opposite  wall,  but  the  first  seems  to  be  the  original  sense  (JAM.): 
When  we  had  passed  the  hallan  we  entered  a  well-sized  apart- 
ment, SCOTT  Rcdg.  (1824)  Lett.  iv.     ne.Sc.  Matthew  got  up  an' 
slept  out  to  the  hallan  to  put  on  his  big  coat,  GRANT  Keckleton,  41. 
Elg.   Hawky  ahint  the  hallan   main't  And  routed  aft   and   sair, 
COUPER  Poetry  \  1804  ^  II.  57.      Bnff.  I  hat  the  hallen  A  thump  fu' 
sicker,   TAYLOR   Poems   (1787)   6a.     Frf.   The    usual    hallan,    or 
passage,  divided  the  but  from  the  ben,  BARRIE  Tommy  (1896)  xi. 
Per.  The  latch  o'  the  hallan  was  lifted  in  haste,  STEWART  Character 
(1857")  23.      s.Sc.  Auld  barn-man  Davie  sang  wi'  glee,  And  canty 
by  the  hallan  was  he,  WATSON  Bards  (1859)  9-     Dmb-  If  death 
cam'  tirlin'  at  the  hallan  door,  SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  34.    Rnf. 
An'  jinken  'bout  the  hallan  wa',  ALLAN  Poems  (1836)   14.     Ayr. 
Thou  need  na  jouk  behint  the  hallan,  A  chiel  sae  clever,  BURNS 
Past.  Poetry,  st.  6.     Lnk.  Your  niece  .  .  .  was  laid  Down  at  your 
hallon-side,  RAMSAY  Gentle  Shep.  (1725)  66,  ed.  1783.    Lth.  Lassie 
steek  the  hallan  door,  BRUCE  Poems  (1813)  II.  177.     Edb.  He  out 
o'er  the  halland   flings  his   een,   FEKGUSSON  Poems  (1773)   161, 
ed.  1785.    Bwk.  Honest  Tibby,  at  whose  fireside,  inside  her  hollan 
wa',  we  sat,  HENDERSON  Pop.  Rhymes  (1856)  91.       Slk.  I  got  the 
back  o'   the   hallan   to  keep,    HOGG    Tales  (1838)  362,  ed.  1866. 
Dmf.  Ance  poortith  came   in  'yont  our  hallan  to  keek,  CROMEK 
Remains  (1810)  51.      Gall.  Mid-walls  through  cottages,  composed 
of  cross-bars,  and  overlaid  with  straw  plastered  with  clay,  called 
cat  clay,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  251,  ed.  1876.     Kcb.  Draw 
doon  the  blind,  An'  steek  to  the  hallan  door,  ARMSTRONG  Ingleside 
(1890)  78.      N.I.1  In  cottages  a  wall  called  the  '  hollan  '  is  built  to 
screen  the  hearth  from  the  observation  of  any  one  standing  at  the 
threshold,  but   in   order   to   allow  a  person  within  to  see  who 
approaches  the  door,  a  small  hole,  usually  triangular,  .  .  is  made 
in  the  hollan  (s.v.  Spy-hole).      Uls.  Sit  down  on  that  furm  by  the 
hollan'  An'  I'll  brisk  up  the  fire  in  a  jiffey,  Uls.  Jrn.  Arch.  (1858) 
45.      n.Cy.   GROSE  (1790);    N.Cy.1   Often   made  of  wickerwork, 
plastered  with  clay,  running  from  front  door  of  cottage  to  within 
the  width  of  a  door  of  the  back  wall  ;  N.Cy.2  A  wall  about  2|  yds. 
high.     To  this  wall  on  the  side  next  to  the  hearth  is  annexed  a 
sconce  or  screen  of  wood  or  stone.    Nhb.  Rouse,  leave  your  lanely 
hallens,  PROUDLOCK  Borderland  Muse  (1896)  262  ;  Nhb.1  Against 
this  hallen  it  was  common  for  the  cow  to  stand.    Dur.1    Cum.  Sae 
by  the   hallan   softly  creep,    ANDERSON    Ballads   (ed.   1808)   49 ; 
Some  o'  th'  hallan,  or  th'  mell  deers,  Their  geylefat   guts  war 
clearan,  STAGG  Misc.  Poems  (ed.  1805)  138.      Cum.,  Wm.  A  parti- 
tion, from  the  cross  passage  of  old  farm  or  country  houses,  which 
formed  a  screen  for  some  distance,  to  the  fireside  of  the  chief 
family  room.     The  hallan  was  usually  finished  with  stone  coins, 
or  with  wood  if  not  altogether  of  stone.     The  master's  seat  was 
often  within  the   hallan,  and  bright  things  hung  upon   its  wall 
(M.  P.).    Wm.  A  passage  nearly  four  feet  broad  led  to  the  other  side 
of  the  building,  where,  in  front  was  the  back,  on  the  left  the  down 
house  door,  and  on  the  right  the  mell  door,  Lonsdale  Mag.  (1822) 
III.  348.     ne.Lan.1 

2.  Comp.  (i)  Hallan-drop,  a  mixture  of  soot  and  water 
falling  from  the  sides  of  a  chimney  ;  (2)  -pin,  a  pin  fixed 
upon  the  hallan  for  the  purpose  of  hanging  game  or  hats, 
&c.,  upon  ;   (3)   -post,  the  post  at  the  extremity  of  the 
sconce  ;  (4)  -stone,  the  threshold,  doorstep. 

(i)  Cum.  They  bed  to  watch  for  t'hallen  drops,  RICHARDSON 
Talk  (1871)  57,  ed.  1876  ;  Cnm.4  Wm.  Manners  of  Wm.  (1847) 
13  ;  Under  this  smoky  dome,  which  in  moist  weather  was  con- 
tinually shedding  a  black  sooty  lee,  called  the  hallan  drop,  sat  the 
family,  Lonsdale  Mag.  (1822)  III.  249  ;  Black  sooty  lye  rising  in 
damp  weather  from  joints  of  meat  hung  up  to  dry  in  the  chimney, 
BROCKETT  Gl.  (1846^.  (2)  n.Cy.  (J.L.)  (1783).  ne.Lan.»  (3) 
ne.Lan.1  (4)  Kcb.  The  ducks  had  drate  Upo'  the  hallan-stane, 
DAVIDSON  Seasons  (1789)  7. 

3.  A  house,  dwelling,  cottage. 

Sc.  The  Lord  himsel  ever-mair  ettles  it  for  his  hallan,  WADDELL 
Psalms  (1871)  Ixviii.  16.  Abd.  See  ye  yon  bit  canty  hallan 
Jam'd  against  the  broomy  brae?  STILL  Cottar' s Sunday  (1845)  39. 
Kcd.  There  was  yet  the  drouthy  callan,  That  wadna  leave  the 
vintner's  hallan  Ava  that  day,  JAMII  Muse  (1844)  113.  Fif.  Hinds, 




plewmen,  lairds,  and  cottar  callans,  That  frae  their  spences,  ha's, 
and  hallans,  Did  congregate,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  71.  Rnf. 
A  dark  smeeky  hallan  was  ance  a'  our  dwallin',  YOUNG  Pictures 
(1865)  125.  Lnk.  Aye  the  first  to  greet  the  mornin',  In  the  hallan 
first  asteer,  NICHOLSON  Idylls  (1870)  29. 

4.  The  division  between  two  horse  or  cow  stalls.  Cum.14 

5.  A   buttress  built   against  a  weak  wall  to  prevent  it 
from  falling.    Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  251. 

6.  The  space  above  the  cross-beams  of  the  couples  of 
a  house.     Or.I.  (S.A.S.)      7.  A  seat  of  turf  at  the  outside 
of  a  cottage.     Ayr.  BURNS  Gl.  QAM.) 

HALLAN,  sb?  Won  I.W.  Cor.  Also  written  allan-  j 
Cor.3  ;  and  in  forms  aliens-  Cor. ;  hollan  I.W.1 ;  hollon 
s.Wor.  [ae'lan.]  1.  In  comp.  (i)  Hallan-apple,  a  large 
apple  given  to  each  member  of  the  family  at  All-Hallows- 
tide  ;  also  called  Hallan  ;  (2)  -cakes,  cakes  baked  for  All 
Hallows  Day  ;  (3)  -day,  All  Hallows  Day  ;  (4)  -market, 
the  market  held  on  All  Hallows  Eve;  (5)  -night,  All 
Hallows  Eve  ;  (6)  -summer,  St.  Luke's  summer  or  an 
Indian  summer,  a  spell  of  fine  weather  about  All  Hallows 

(I)  Cor.  Fruiterers  of  Penzance  display  large  apples,  known 
locally  as 'Aliens 'apples,  Fit-Lore  Jrn.  (1886;  IV.  no;  Cor.13 
(2)  I.W.1  (3,  4,  5)  Cor.3  At  St.  Ives  the  custom  is  still  kept  up 
of  providing  children  with  a  large  apple  ("Allan  apple)  on  Allan- 
night  'xthe  eve  of  Allhallows  day—  called  Allan  day).  The  market 
held  on  Allan-night  is  called  Allan-market.  (6)  s.Wor.  (H.K.) 
\HaIlan-  is  for  Hallantide  (q.v.).] 

HALLAN,  sb?     N.Cy.1  Nhb.1    [ha'lan.]    The  young  of 
the  coal-fish  when  about  five  inches  long. 
HALLAND,  see  Hallow,  sb.1 

HALLANSHAKER,  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Also  written 
halan-,  halin-  Sc. ;  hallen-  Sc.  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1 ;  and  in  form 
hellenshaker  Sc.  [ha'lanjakar.]  A  ragged  fellow, 
a  vagabond  or  beggar  ;  a  knave,  rascal ;  also  used  attrib. 
Sc.  I,  and  a  wheen  hallenshakers  like  myscll  .  .  .  built  this  bit 
thing  here,  SCOTT  Antiquary  (1816)  iv.  Sh.I.  A  very  hallanshaker 
loon,  ib.  Pirate  (1822)  v.  Bch.  Staakin  about  like  a  hallen-shaker, 
FORBES  Jrn.  (1742  15.  Frf.  'Only  a  puir  gypsy  your  honour.' 
.  .  . '  Only  a  wandering  hallenshaker,'  BARRIE  Minister  (1891)  xiii. 
Rnf.  Tho'  something  halanshaker-like,  Ye'll  may  be  own  that  I 
Some  feelings  hae,  WEBSTER  Rhymes  (1835)  207.  Ayr.  Some 
hallen-shakers  nearer  hame,  THOM  Amusements  (1812)  17.  Lnk. 
Nodding  to  Jouks  of  Hallenshaker,  RAMSAY  Poems  (1721)  an. 
Lth.  Ye  fell  clootyraker !  ye  vile  halanshaker,  SMITH  Merry 
Bridal  (1866)  10.  Edb.  It  sets  him  weel,  the  bloodthirsty  Gehazi, 
the  halinshaker  ne'er-do-weel  !  MOIR  Mansie  Wauch  (1828)  xxvii. 
Slk.  Great  muckle  hallanshaker  cuff,  HOGG  Tales  (1838)  78,  ed.  1866. 
Feb.  You.  ye  hellenshaker  villain!  AFFLECK  Poet.  Wks.  (1836)  127. 
N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  Obs.  Cum.  LINTON  Lake  Cy.  (1864)  304  ;  Cum.4 

Hence  Hallanshaker-looking,  adj.  ragged,  unkempt, 
like  a  tramp. 

Edb.  He  was  a  wauf,  hallanshaker-looking  chield,  MOIR  Mansie 
Wauch  (1828)  xiv. 

[Sic  knavis  and  crakkaris.  Sic  halland  schekkaris, 
DUNBAR  Poems  (c.  1510),  ed.  Small,  II.  83.] 

HALLANTIDE,  sb.  Irel.  I.Ma.  Lin.  Nhp.  Wor.  Shr. 
Glo.  Bck.  Hrt.  I.W.  Wil.  Som.  Cor.  Also  in  forms 
ballon-  n.Lin.1  Nhp.2;  hollan-  I.Ma.  I.W.1;  Holland-  Ir. 
Glo.  Bck.  Hrt.  The  season  of  All  Saints,  the  first  week  of 
November.  See  All-hallow(s. 

Ir.  Holland-tide  at  the  Big  House,  KENNEDY  Evenings  Duffrey 
(1869)  91.  I.Ma.  I  have  not  seen  her  since  hollantide  (S.M.)  ; 
I  don't  think  it's  ten  years  since  he  died— ten  would  it  be,  for 
hollantide  ?  BROWN  Doctor  (1887)  130.  n.Lin.1  Obs.  Nhp.2  From 
Michaelmas  to  Hallon-tide  was  the  old  rule  for  the  period  of 
sowing  wheat.  s.Wor.  (H.K.)  Shr.1  Obsol.  Glo.  Last  night 
were  Hollantide  eve, and  where  the  wind  is  at  Hollandtide  it  will 
stick  best  part  of  the  winter,  GIBBS  Cotswold  Vill.  (1898)  388; 
Glo.1  Bck.  If  ducks  do  slide  at  Hollandtide,  At  Christmas  they 
will  swim  ;  If  ducks  do  swim  at  Hollandtide,  At  Christmas  they 
will  slide,  Flk-Lore  Rec.  (.1881)  IV.  128;  N.  V  Q.  (1874)  sth  S.  i. 
383.  Hrt.  Reports  Agric.  (1793-1813)  28.  I.W.1  Wil.  BRITTON 
Beauties  (1825) ;  Wil.1  Som.  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825) ; 
W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  w.Som.1  'Twas  a  ter'ble  hard  winter  tho — 
I  mind  'twas  nort  but  vrost  and  snow  vrom  Hallantide  [aa-luntuyd] 
gin  Can'lmas.  Cor.12  [ Set  trees  at  All  Hallo'ntide,  and  command 
them'to  prosper,  SWAINSON  Weather  Flk-Lore  (1873)  143.] 

[At  Hallontide,  slaughter  time  entereth  in,  and  then 
doth  the  husbandmans  feasting  begin,  TUSSER  Husb. 
(1580)  55-1 

Hallow,  sb.1,  Harriage,  Halflins. 

HALLENS,  sb.  pi.  Obs.  Abd.  In  phr.  to  go  by  the 
hallens,  to  go  by  holds  as  a  child.  SHIRREFS  Poems  ( 1709) 
Gl.  Cf.  haal. 

HALLI-,  see  Holy. 

HALLIBLASH,  sb.  n.Cy.  Lan.  Der.  Also  written 
hallyblash  Lan.  [h)a'liblaj.]  A  great  blaze.  See 
Blash,  sb.2 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Lan.  I'st  ha  set  th'  how  leath  on  a  halli- 
blash,  TIM  BOBBIN  View  Dial.  (1740)  17  ;  Aw'd  mak  a'  hally-blash 
ov  every  factory  i'  Englandshire,  BRIERLF.Y  Irkdale  (1865)  7,  ed. 
1868;  Lan.1  Der.  He  and  his  loike  '11  mak  a  halliblash  of  us  aw 
soon,  WARD  David  Grieve  (1892)  III.  bk.  x. 

HALLIDAY,  see  Holiday. 

HALLIE,  sb.  Abd.  (JAM.)  Also  in  form  hallyie. 
Romping  diversion. 

HALLIER,  see  Halyear,  Haulier. 

HALLIHOE,  sb.  Cor.  Also  written  hallyhoe  Cor.2 
The  skipper  fish,  Scotnberesox  saurus.  Cor.12  [SATCHELL 
(1879).]  Nhb.1  Also  written  haliness.  [ha'linas.] 
A  Sunday  holiday  walk. 

HALLINS,  see  Halflins. 

HALLION,  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Cum.  Also  in  forms 
haalyan  Cai.1 ;  million  Sc.  Ir.  [ha'lian.]  LA  clown,  a 
clumsy  fellow;  a  good-for-nothing  idle  scamp,  a  sloven, 

a  rascal. 

Sc.  We're  just  takin'  tern  doon  to  Stirling — ta  curst  hallions  tat 
ta  are,  FORD  Thistledown  (1891)  319;  FRANCISQUE-MICHEL  Sc. 
Lang.  (1882)  179.  e.Fif.  Man,  ye're  a  rammelsome  hallion,  LATTO 
Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  vi.  Ayr.  An'  tirl  the  hallions  to  the  birses, 
BURNS  Address  to  Beelzebub,  1.  36.  Gall.  Brave  hallions  twa.  Laird 
Nurgle  and  Laird  Nabble,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  80,  ed. 
1876.  Kcb.  But  should  some  rustic  hallion  see  thee  here  In  thy 
luxuriant  pastime,  DAVIDSON  Seasons  ^i-;8cj;  26.  N.I.1  Ant. 
Ballymcna  Obs.  (1892)  ;  A  fat,  dirty,  untidy  woman  (W.H.P.). 
N.Cy.1  Nhb.  No  man  wou'd  have  thought  any  hallion  Could  ever 
have  acted  the  thing,  RITSON  Gar/.  (1810)  61  ;  And  byeth  tar  and 
feather  the  hallion  that  dar',  WILSON  Poems  1 1843) 128  >  Nhb.1,  Cum.1 

2.  A  gentleman's  servant  out  of  livery;  aninferiorservant 
employed  to  do  odd  jobs.     Abd.,  Rxb.  (JAM.) 

3.  An    overbearing,    quarrelsome    woman    of    vulgar 
manners.     Bwk.  (ib.) 

HALLIOR,  sb.  ?  Obs.  Sc.  In  phr.  the  moon  is  in  the 
hallior,  the  moon  is  in  her  last  quarter,  is  much  in  the  wane. 

Abd.  It  is  a  saying  among  our  people,  whenever  they  mistake  one 
object  for  two,  that  the  moon  is  in  the  hallior,  or  clouded,  and  at 
such  times  they  are  winnel-skewed,  or  their  eyes  deceive  them, 
PENROSE /;•«.  (1815)  III.  83  (JAM.). 

HALLIRACKIT,rtrf/.  Abd.(G.W)  Giddy, hare-brained. 

HALLIRAKUS,  sb.  Sc.  A  giddy,  hare-brained  per- 
son ;  also  used  attrib. 

Abd.  Fat  keeps  that  hallirakus  scum,  The  tailor,  at  he  winna 
come,  BEATTIE  Parings  (1803)  28,  ed.  1873.  Abd.,  Rnf.  QAM.) 

HALLOCK,  v.,  sb.  and  adj.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks. 
Der  Also  written  hallok-  Sc. ;  and  in  forms  allack 
e  Yks  J  w.  Yks. ;  halic-  Sc. ;  hallach  Sc.  Bnff.1 ;  hallack 
Yks  w  Yks  5  nw.Der.1 ;  hallak-  Sc.  Wm.  w.Yks. ;  hal- 
lich  Sc.  (JAM.)  Bnff.1;  hallic(k  Sc. ;  hallik  Sc.  GAM.) 
m.Yks.1  w.Yks. ;  haluck-  Sc. ;  bollock  w.Yks.2 ;  hollok 
w  Yks  [h)a'lak.]  1.  v.  To  behave  in  a  foolish,  noisy 
way.  See  Halok.  Bnff.1,  Cld.,  Lth.  GAM.) 

Hence  (i)  Hallachan,  sb.   noisy,  foolish  conduct;  (2) 
Hallachin,  ppl.  adj.  noisy,  foolish,    ib. 
2.  To  idle  away  time;  to  loiter,  loaf,  play.    Gen.  with  about. 

Cum.4  Wm.  He  wad  rayder  hallak  aboot  t'public  hoose  ner 
work  (B.K.X  n.Yks.4  If  he  isn't  risting  up  agaain  a  wall,  he'll  be 
hallocking  sumwheear.  ne.Yks.1  He  gans  hallockin'  aboot  frev 
hoos  ti  hoos.  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.  He's  holloking  abaat,  Hlfx.  Courier 
(May  15,  1897)  ;  Two  texts,  sich  as  a  mannyfactrer  wod  like  to 
see  hung  up  i'  t'miln  to  stare  at  his  hands  when  they  wor  allackin 
asteead  o'  workin',  Yksman.  (Oct.  1898)  362;  w.Yks.2  He's  always 
hollocking  about  with  a  parcel  of  idle  fellows  ;  w.Yks.5,  nw.Der.1 





Hence  ( i)  Hallacker,  sb.  an  idle  fellow  ;  (2)  Hallacking, 
(a)  sb.  a  foolish  person  ;  (b)  ppl.  adj.  idle,  lazy,  trifling, 

(i)  w.Yks.  He  is  a  hallocker  abaht,  Leeds  Merc.  Suppl.fOct.  21, 
1893).  (a,  a)  m/Yks.1  w.Yks.  HAMILTON  JVugae  Lit.  (1841)  354. 
(6)  Wm.  A  gurt  hallaken  thing— she  wad  gang  oot  any  fashion 
(B.K.).  n-Yks.1  w.Yks.  Tha'd  turn  aght  a  idle  hallockin'  haand, 
HARTLEY  Clock  Aim.  (1878)  47;  w.Yks.5  Gen.  coupled  with'stoit.' 
'  A  gurt  hallacking  stoit.' 

3.  To  tease,  worry,  bully. 

n.Yks.  Thoo'l  hallock  me  to  death  (T.S.)  ;  n.Yks.2  They 
hallock'd  me  an  end  [urged  me  forward]. 

Hence  (i )Hallocked, ppl.  adj.  teased,  harassed.  n.Yks.1; 
(2)  Hallocking,  ppl.  adj.  teasing,  bullying ;  boisterous, 
rough,  rude.  n.Yks.',  w.Yks.  (J.W.) 

4.  sb.    A  tall,  lazy,  ungainly  Fellow ;  a  rough,,  uncouth 
person.     Also  called  Hallacks. 

Cum.4     w.Yks.5  Goa  wesh  thee  faace  thou  gurt  hallacks ! 

5.  A  tiring  affair,  as  a  lengthy  journey. 
n.Yks.2  It's  a  lang  hallock. 

6.  adj.   Crazy.    Abd.  (JAM.) 

HALLOCKIT,  ppl.  adj.  Sc.  Nhb.  Also  in  forms 
hal(l)ach'd  Abd. ;  -aket  Edb. ;  -egirt  Sh.I. ;  -icat  Frf.  ; 
•ickit  Lth.  Gall. ;  -icut  Per. ;  -igateNhb.1;  -igitS.&Ork.1 
Nhb.1 ;  -uckit  Sc.  Bnff.  Rnf. ;  hullockit  Ayr.  [ha'lakit] 
Wild,  romping  ;  light,  giddy ;  crazy,  half-witted  ;  also  as 
sb.  a  noisy,  restless  person ;  a  romp,  a  hoyden.  See 
Hallock,  v. 

Sc.  And  shangy-mou'd  halucket  Meg,  HERD  Coll.  Sngs.  (1776) 
II.  25.  Sh.I.  Ance  upon  a  day  I  wis  light-hearted  an'  hallegirt 
enough,  STEWART  Tales  (1892)  52.  S.  &  Ork.1  Bnff.  Let  poets 
crack  o'  fragrant  brose,  .  .  .  They're  halucket,  Common'  me 
to  a  haggis,  TAYLOR  Poems  (1787)  144.  Abd.  Hallach'd  and 
damish'd,  and  scarce  at  her  sell,  Ross  Helenore  ( 1 768)  23,  ed. 
1812.  Frf.  A  muckle  halicat  bruit  o'  the  mastiff  breed,  WIL- 
LOCK  Rosetty  Ends  (18861  134,  ed.  1889.  Per.  He's  hallicut  an' 
wild,  he's  gane  ower  his  mither's  thoomb,  FORD  Harp  (1893)  151. 
w.Sc.  A  hair-brained  hallica't  hissey,  CARRICK  Laird  of  Logan 
(1835)  91.  e.Fif.  John  McBrian's  auldest  dochter,  a  daft  ram-stam 
hollokit  quean,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  xxiv.  Rnf.  Quo'  Lizzy 
to  halucket  Jannock,  WEBSTER  Rhymes  (1835)  85.  Ayr.  (J.M.); 
The  snash  and  impiddence  of  hullockit  haverals  and  thochtless 
fules.  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  114.  Lth.  Hallickit  Meg 
frae  Fisherraw,  SMITH  Merry  Bridal  (1866)  5.  Edb.  Wi's  reefart- 
nosed,  blae-cheeked  wife,  Hallaket  Jess,  the  tawpy,  Carlop  Green 
(1793)  128,  ed.  1817.  Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824).  Nhb.1 
A  greet  halligit  lass. 

HALLOE,  HALLON,  see  Hallow,  sb.2,  Hallan,  sb.1 
HALLOO,  see  Hallow,  adj. 

HALLOP,  v.  and  sb.    Sc.     [ha'lap.]      1.  v.    To  frisk 
about,  to  be  precipitate  in  one's  movements.     Fif.  (JAM.) 
Hence  (i)  Halloper,  sb.  one  who  is  giddy  or  precipitate. 
ib. ;  (2)  Hallopin,  ppl.  adj.  unsteady,  unsettled,  foolish,    ib. 
2.  sb.   A  hasty,  precipitate  person. 

Gall.  Black  Jock  wad  to  a  neebor  farm  To  get  mair  aid  the 
hallop,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  499,  ed.  1876. 

HALLOW,  sb.1  Sc.  Irel.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Lan.  Wai.  Wor. 
e.An.  Som.  Also  in  forms  hala-  Sh.I.;  halla-  Sc. 
ne.Lan.1 ;  halle-  N.Cy.1 ;  hollow-  Ir.  Wai.  Wor.  [Sc.  and 
n.Cy.  ha'l.i.  j  In  comb,  (i)  Hallow-day,  (a)  All  Saints'  or 
All  Hallows  Day  ;  (b)  a  holiday ;  (2)  -een  or  -eve(n,  the 
eve  of  All  Saints'  Day  ;  also  called  Halloween-night ;  (3) 
-een  bleeze,  a  bonfire  kindled  on  Halloween  ;  (4)  -fair, 
a  fair  held  in  the  beginning  of  November ;  (5)  -fire,  see 
(3) ;  (6)  -market,  a  market  held  on  All  Saints'  Day  ;  (7) 
•mas,  All  Saints'  Day  ;  the  season  of  All  Hallows,  the  first 
week  of  November;  also  used  attrib.;  (8)-masrade,thename 
given  tothegeneral  assembly  of  witchesand '  warlocks '  sup- 
posed to  have  been  held  at  this  time ;  (9)  -tide  night,  see  (2). 
(i,  a)  Sc.  QAM. i  Ayr.  There  would  be  ither  words  amang 
your  win'  afore  auld  Halla'-day,  AINSLIE  Land  of  Burns  (ed.  1892) 
28.  Slk.  It  was  on  ane  hallow-day,  HOGG  Poems  (ed.  1865)  367. 
(b)  e-An.1,  e.Snf.  (F.H.)  (a  Sc.  It  was  believed  that  if,  on 
Hallowe'en,  any  person  should  go  round  one  of  these  [fairy 
hillocks  nine  times,  contrary  to  the  course  of  the  sun,  a  door 
would  open,  by  which  he  would  be  admitted  into  the  realms  o 
fairyland,  FORD  Thistledown  (1891)  263;  To  haud  Halloween,  to 
observe  the  childish  or  superstitious  rites  appropriated  to  this 

evening  (JAM.).     Sh.1.  '  Auld  Halloween'  and  taking  in  the  sheep 
rom  the  fields  occurred  generally  about  the  same  time,  STEWART 
Tales  (1892)  78.      Cai.1      Abd.   It  was  i'  the  go-hairst,  weel  ^on 
to  Halloween,  Deestde  Tales  (1872)  91.     e.Sc.  From  Hallowe'en 
to  Hogmanay,  and  the  year  was  at  an   end,  SETOUN   Sunshine 
1895)  2.     Per.  Heath,  broom,  and  dressings  of  flax  are  tied  upon 
u  pole.     This  faggot  is  then  kindled  ;  one  takes  it  upon  his  shoul- 
ders and  running  bears  it  round  the  village  ;    a  crowd  attend. 
When  the  first  faggot  is  burnt  out,  a  second  is  bound  to  the  pole 
and  kindled  in  the  same  manner  as  before.     Numbers  of  these 
jlazing  faggots  are  often  carried  about   together  and  when    the 
night  happens  to  be  dark  they  form  a  splendid  illumination.    This 
is  Halloween.  Statist.  Ace.  V.  84,  85  (JAM.).      w.Sc.  For  several 
days   before   Hallowe'en,  boys   and   youths  collected   wood   and 
conveyed  it  to  the  most  prominent  places  on  the  hill  sides  in  their 
neighbourhood.  .  .  After  dark  on  Hallowe'en,  these  heaps  were 
kindled.  .  .  At  the  beginning  of  this  century  men  as  well  as  boys 
took  part,  and  when  the  fire  was  ablaze,   all  joined  hands  and 
danced  round  the  fire ;  ...  as  these  gatherings  generally  ended 
in  drunkenness  and  rough  and  dangerous  fun,  the  ministers  set 
their  faces  against  the  observance,  and  so  the  practice  was  dis- 
continued by  adults  and  relegated  to  school  boys,  NAPIER  Flk-Lore 
(1879'   179-80.      Rnf.  Whether  it  was  on  hallowe'en  .  .  .  She 
couldna,  'twas  sae    lang   since    syne,   Just  be   exact,   WEBSTER 
Rhymes  (1835)  23.    Ayr.  Hallowe'en  among  us  is  a  dreadfu'  night! 
witches  and  warlocks,  and  a'  lang-nebbit  things,  hae  a  power  and 
a  dominion  unspeakable  on  Hallowe'en,  GALT  Gilhaize  (1823)  xvii ; 
It  was  Halloween  :  .  .  the  wee  callans  were  at  it  already,  rinning 
aboot  wi'  their  fause-faces  on  and  their  bits  o'  turnip  lanthrons  in 
their  haun,  SERVICE  Notandums  (1890)  40.     Lnk.  The  serio-comic 
drama  acted  by  our  peasant  fathers  on  Halloween  nicht,  with  its 
absurd,  yet  amusing,  and  sometimes  fatal  superstitious  observances, 
HAMILTON  Poems  (1865)  184.     Dmf.  This  song  was  his  favourite, 
and  he  usually  sung  it  at  Halloweens,  at  Kirk-suppers,  and  other 
trystes,  CROMEK  Remains  (1810)  19.     Gall.  When  those  creatures 
called   '  Gian   Carlins '    wont   to   meet   with    any   one   alone   on 
Hallowe'en    night,   they  stuffed    it  with   beer  awns  and   butter. 
MACTAGGART  Encycl.   (1824)  58,  ed.  1876.     s.Ir.  Of  a  Hollow-eve 
night  he'd  find  more  gold,  CROKER  Leg.  (1862)  327.     n.Cy.  Hey 
how  for  Hallowe'en  When  all  the  witches  are  to  be  seen,  Denhani 
Tracts(ed.  1895)  II.  79 ;  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1,  ne.Lan.1  (3;  Sc.  In  some  parts 
of  Sc.  it  is  customary  on  this  evening  for  young  people  to  kindle  fires 
on  the  tops  of  hills  or  rising  grounds.    A  fire  of  this  kind  they  call  a 
Halloween  blaze  (JAM.).     (4)  Sc.  (ib.)     Lth.   'Mang  Hallowfair's 
wild  noisy  brattle  Thou'st  foughten  mony  a  weary  battle,  BALLAN- 
TINE  Poems  i  1856)   66.      Edb.  At  Hallow-fair,  whare   brovvsters 
rare  Keep  gude  ale,  FERGUSSON  Poems    1773)  131.  ed.  1785;  The 
bard,  wha  sang  o'  Hallow-fair,  New  Year's  Morning  fi792)  7.      5) 
Sc.  Now  the  Hallow-fire  when  kindled  is  attended  by  children 
only,  Statist.  Ace.  XXI.   145  (JAM.).        6)  Fif.   Daddie's  gane  to 
Hallow-market,  DOUGLAS  Poems  ^1806)  84.     ,7)  Sh.I.  At  Hallow- 
mas I  commenced  my  duties  as  a  teacher,  STEWART  Tales  (1892) 
57  ;  The  Hallowmas  roup,  or  cattle  sale,  was  going  to  come  off 
shortly,  NICOLSON  Aithstin'  Hedder  (1898)   9.       Cai.1      Ayr.  As 
bleak-faced  Hallowmass  returns,  BURNS  Two  Dogs  (1786)  1.  123. 
Lth.  When  Hallowmas  swept  bleak  the  plain,  A  fleet  of  ships  stood 
o'er  the  Forth,  LUMSDEN  Sheep-head  '  1892)  33.     Edb.  At  Hallow- 
mas, whan  nights  grow  lang,   FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  131,  ed. 
1785.     Dmf.  Sung  the  season's  dying  lay,  When  hallowmas  was 
past,  SHENNAN   Tales  (1837)   149.     s.Wor.  (H.  K.)     w.Som.1  We 
always    reckons    to    pay   our    Michaelmas    rent    to    Hallowmas 
[t-au-lurmus].    (8)  Sc.  (JAM.)    Dmf.  The  peasantry  .  .  .  were  wont 
to  date  their  age  from  them  ;  thus :  '  I  was  christened  o'  the  Sun- 
day after  Tibbie  Fleucher's  Hallowmass  Rade,'  CROMEK  Remains 
( 1810)  276.     (9)  Wai.  Pastimes  of  Hallow  Eve  are  still  kept  up  in 
Wales  on   '  Hollowtide  Night ' — the  name  by  which  it  is  there 
known,  Monthly  Pckt,  (Dec.  1863)  678. 

[  For  explanation  of  Hallow  see  All-hallow(s.] 
HALLOW,  sb.2    Sh.I.     Also  written  halloe.    A  bunch 
of  straw  or  hay  tied  round  the  middle  with  a  rope  twisted 
of  the  same  material.    Also  called  Hallow-twist. 

Haes  doo  plenty  o'  hallows  fir  da  kye's  supper,  daa  ?  S/i.  News 
(Mar.  n,  1899);  Makkin'  da  strae  up  in  hallows  reddy  ta  lay  afore 
da  baess,  ib.  (Nov.  26,  1898) ;  Du'll  gie  dem  a  halloe  tweest  every 
twa,  JUNDA  Klingrahool  (1898)  24  ;  S.  &  Ork.1 

HALLOW,  adj.,  adv.,  sb.3  and  v.  Sc.  Yks.  Also  in 
form  halloo  n.Yks.2  1.  adj.  Hollow,  sunken. 

Cai.1  Abd.  Sometimes  also  the  flesh  is  sunk  in  and  hallow, 
Belfs  Trial  of  Witchcraft  in  LAW  Memor.  (1818)  Pref.  32  0AM.). 
Rnf.  Phoebus,  glowin'  fallow,  Has  owre  the  wastlan'  hills  shot 
hallow,  YOUNG  Pictures  (1865)  167. 




2.  adv.    Completely,    surpassingly,    'hollow.'      n.Yks.2 
fs.v.  Hollow.) 

3.  sb.   A  hollow;  valley. 

Sh.I.  Snipe  call  frae  the  flossy  hallow,  BURGESS  Sketches  (anded.) 
80.  Cai.1  Rnf.  There  was  Tarn  that  wins  down  in  the  hallow, 
WEBSTER  Rhymes  (1835)  4.  Lth.  O'er  green  knowe  and  flowery 
hallow,  Till  they  reached  the  cot-house  door,  MACNEILL  Poet.  Wks. 
(1801)  163,  ed.  1856. 

4.  v.  To  make  hollow.    Cai.1,  Abd.  (JAM.) 

HALL'S  DOG,  phr.  Nrf.  In  saying  as  lazy  as  Hal? s  dog. 

'  As  lazy  as  Hall's  dog ' :  he  was  so  lazy  he  used  to  lean  up  against 
the  wall  to  bark  (E.M.I. 

HALLUM,  sb.  Lth.  (JAM.)  [Not  known  to  our  corre- 
spondents.] The  woody  part  of  flax. 

RALLY,  HALLY-LOO,  see  Holy,  Holyrood. 

HALLYOCH,  sb.  Sc.  A  strange  gabbling  noise,  esp. 
that  heard  when  listening  to  a  strange  tongue. 

Gall.  A  club  of  Manxmen  together  are  said  to  haud  an  unco 
gabbie  labbie  o'  a  hallyoch  wi'  ither,  MACTAGGART  Encvd.  (1824'} 
252,  ed.  1876. 

HALM,  see  Haulm. 

HALMOT,  sb.  Obs.  n.Cy.  Ken.  Sus.  Also  in  form 
halimote  Sus.  The  court  of  the  lord  of  a  manor,  held  in 
the  hall,  a  court-baron  ;  also  called  Halmot-court. 

N.Cy.1,  Ken.1  Sus.  The  Court  Baron  of  Brighton  manor  was 
known  by  this  name  in  the  171(1  century  (F.E.S.). 

fOE.  *  heall-gemot,  a  hall-meeting.] 

HALOK,  sb.  Obs.  s.Sc.  (JAM.)  Also  written  haloc ; 
and  in  forms  hailick,  hallik.  A  light,  thoughtless  girl,  a 
giddy  young  woman. 

[Hutit  be  the  halok  lase  a  hunder  ;eir  of  eild  !  DUNBAR 
Tua  Mariit  Went.  (1508)  465.] 

HALO(W,  see  Heloe. 

HALPED,  ppl.  adj.     I.W.     Crippled.     (HALL.) 

HALPISH,^.     Obs.     Wxf.1     Hardship. 

HALSE,  sb.1  and  v.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan. 
Also  written  hals  Sc. ;  and  in  forms  haas  Cai.1 ;  hass 
Sc.  N.Cy.2  Nhb.1;  hause  Sc.  N.Cy.12  Nhb.1  Lakel.1  Cum 
Wm.  n.Yks.124  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Lan.  ne.Lan.1;  haws(e 
Sc.  Cum.1  Wm.  n.Yks. ;  hawze  n.Cy. ;  helse  Cum.1  ; 
hoce  Cum.1  ;_  horse  w.Yks. ;  hose  N.Cy.2  Cum.  w.Yks. 
[has,  has,  h)9S.]  1.  sb.  The  neck. 

Sc.  She  bare  a  horn  about  her  halse,  AYTOUN  Ballads  (ed.  1861') 
I.  29.  Sh.I.  What  the  lad  has  round  his  halse,  SCOTT  Pirate  (18221 
v.  Or.I.  Awaa  gid  Gilpin,  has  ar  nokht  [Awa'  gied  Gilpin,  hass 
or  naught],  Oread.  J.  Gilpin,  st.  25,  in  ELLIS  Pronunc.  vi88g)  V. 
806.  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Denham  Tracts  (ed.  1892)  288  ;  Nhb.1  Cum.  Gl. 
(1851).  Vim.  Appleby  Monthly  Messenger  (Apr.  1891,;  (K.)  n.Yks.14 

Hence  Hausin,  adj.  belonging  to  the  neck. 

Wm.  Fine  lin'  shirt  wie  a  girt  hausin  ruffel,  WHEELER  Dial. 
(179°)  56. 

2.  Comp.  (i)  Hause-band,  a  collar,  necklace  ;  (2)  -bane, 
the  collar-bone  ;  (3)  -lock,  the  wool  growing  on  the  neck 
of  a  sheep. 

(i)  N.Cy.1  There's  silk  in  your  white  hause-band,  Old  Sag. 
Nhb.1  (a)  Sc.  Ye'll  sit  on  his  white  hause-bane,  And  I'll  pick  out 
his  bonny  blue  een,  SCOTT  Minstrelsy  (1802)  II.  360,  ed.  1848. 
Dmf.  The  wecht  o't  maun  tell  on  his  white  hause-bane,  REID 
Poems  (1894)  97.  Gall.  That  rise  beneath  the  chin  and  throat, 
MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  257,  ed.  1876.  (3)  Bch.  Right  weel 
we  wat  they're  hashlock  oo,  The  best  'at  e'er  was  creesh't,  TARR  AS 
Poems  (1804)  94  JAM.).  Ayr.  I  coft  a  stane  o'  haslock  woo', 
BURNS  The  cat-din'  o't,  sL  I.  Lnk.  A  tartan  plaid  spun  o'  good 
hawslock  woo,  RAMSAY  Gentle  Shep.  (1725)  i.  i.  Edb.  Her  breasts 
are  whiter  than  the  snow,  .  .  Softer  than  hauss-locks  of  the  ew, 
PENNECUIK  Helicon  (1720)  160. 

3.  The  throat,  gullet,  windpipe. 

Sh.I.  (Coll.  L.L.B.)  Cai.1  Elg.  Shame  and  despair  roar't  in  his 
hause,  COUPER  Poetry  (1804)  11.88.  Bnff.  Tell  them  either  to  grow 
wise,  Or  cut  their  hawses,  TAYLOR  Poems  (1787)  191.  Abd.  The 
deevil  o'  drink  has  me  by  the  hause,  MACDONALD  Sir  Gibbie,  vi. 
Rnf.  With  bread  and  cheese  their  bellies  cram,  And  synde  their 
hauses  with  a  dram,  M°GILVRAY  Poems  (ed.  1862)  39.  Ayr.  It 
was  to  be  expecket,  considering  the  spark  in  my  hass,  that  the 
first  use  I  would  mak  o'  the  freedom  o'  the  Reformation  would  be 
to  quench  it,  GALT  Gilhaize  (1823)  v.  Lnk.  Stoups  a  Froth  aboon 
the  hause,  RAMSAY  Poems  (1721)  30.  e.Lth.  As  if  a  haill  regent 
tattie  had  gotten  into  and  stuck  fast  in  my  hause,  MUCKLEBACKIT 

Rhymes  (1885)  173.  Edb.  A  gill  comes  in,  he  weets  his  hause 
BALLANTINE  Gaberlunsie  (ed.  1875)  206.  Dmf.  Nae  caller  streams 
lo  weet  their  hasses,  MAYNE  Siller  Gun  (1808)  32.  Gall.  If  one 
part  of  the  oath  fell  to  hindering  the  other  and  fighting  in  his  hass 
it  was  not  his  fault,  CROCKETT  Moss-Hags  (1895)  xxxiv  n  Cy' 
GROSE  (1790) ;  N.Cy.1  =,  Nhb.1  Cum.  Twea  or  three  let-downs  o' 
yell  Suon  set  their  hawses  free,  STAGG  Misc.  Poems  (ed  1805) 
132 ;  Gl.  (1851) ;  Cum.1  n.  Yks.  Sfie'l  macke  them  late  their  teeth, 
naunt,  m  their  hawse,  MERITON  Praise  Ale  (1684)  1.  604 ;  n.Yks.1 ; 
n.Yks.2  '  A  brave  hause,'  a  wide  gullet  or  good  swallow  a  loud 
voice  ;  n.Yks.«,  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  HUTTON  Tour  to  Caves  (1781). 

4.  Phr.  (i)  the  pap  of  the  hass,  the  uvula;  cf.  hask,  sb.3  • 
(2)  to  be  butter  in  the  black  dog's  hause,  to  be  past  recovery  • 
to  be  no  help  for  anything  ;   (3)  to  go  down,  or  into,  the 
wrong  hause,  of  food,  &c. :    to  go  down  the  wrong  way  in 
the  throat. 

(i)  Sc.  Gapin'  as  if  ye  had  a  barley  awn  sticking  in  the  pap  o' 
yerhass,  OCHILTREE  Redburn  (1895)  v;  I'm  fash'd  wi'  an  unco 
kittlin'  i'  the  paup  o'  my  hass,  FORD  Thistledown  (1891)  116  ;  It's 
an  unco  kittlin'  in  the  paup  o'  the  hass,  DICKSON  Auld  Precentor 
(1894)  62.  (a)  Sc.  It  wad  hae  been  butter  in  the  black  dog's 
hause,  SCOTT  Antiquary  (1816)  xxxviii  ;  (JAM.)  Ayr.  It  was  like 
butter  in  the  black  dog's  hass  for  Jenny  to  get  haud  of  a  hole  in 
my  coat  like  this,  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  103.  (3)  Sc. 
When  a  particle  of  food  or  drop  of  liquid  goes  into  the  windpipe, 
it  is  vulgarly  said  that  it  has  gone  into  the  wrang  hause  (JAM.). 
Cai.1  Ayr.  Something  gaed  doon  the  wrang  hass,  and  sic  a  fit  o' 
hoastin'  cam  on,  SERVICE  Notandums  (1890)  28.  Edb.  She  was 
suffocated,  the  foul  air  having  gone  down  her  wrong  hause,  MOIR 
Mansie  Wauch  (1828)  xix.  N.Cy.1 

5.  A    rope  to   tie   round   a   horse's    neck   in    place  of 
a  halter.    Cum.1 

6.  That  part  of  a  chimney  where  the  smoke  passes  out 
of  sight. 

Cum.  Used  by  old  people,  M  &  Q.  (1878)  5th  S.  x.  273. 

7.  A  defile,  a  narrow  passage  between  mountains ;  a 
narrow  connecting  ridge. 

Sc.  A  storm  is  coming  down  from  the  Cairn-brae-hawse  and  we 
shall  have  nothing  but  a  wild  night,  Lights  and  Shadows  (1822)  114 
(JAM.).  Dmf.  Atween  aud  Mennock-hass  There  is  a  cosy  biel', 
REID  Poems  (1894)  133.  Gall.  Over  there  by  the  halse  of  the  pass, 
CROCKETT  Bog-Myrtle  (.1895)  295.  Lakel.1  Used  of  the  passes 
over  the  lower  fells  which  separate  the  valleys  of  Lakeland,  as 
Scatoller  Hause.  Cum.  Haws  out  o'  number,  nae  country  can 
bang,  ANDERSON  Ballads  (1805)  106;  Cum.1  w.Yks.  HUTTON  Tour 
to  Caves  (1781).  ne.Lan.1 

8.  A  shallow  in  a  river.     Mry.  Agric.  Surv.  Gl.  (JAM.) 

9.  v.   To  embrace,  hug,  take  in  the  arms. 

Sc.  He  hawsed,  he  kissed  her,  And  ca'd  her  his  sweet.  CHAMBERS 
Sngs.  (1829.  I.  2.  s.Sc.  Nae  blythsume  wean  has  she  To  halse 
hir  necke,  WATSON  Bards  (1859)  in.  Ayr.  As  he  halsit  her  in 
the  parks  by  the  Boag,  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  253.  Kcb. 
To  come  nigh  .  . .  and  hause  him,  and  embrace  him,  RUTHERFORD 
Lett.  (1660)  No.  69.  n.Cy.  GROSE  1,1790) ;  N.Cy.2  Lan. '  An'  arc 
yo  hausin'  too?"  said  Sally,  BRIERLEY  Cast  upon  World  1^1886)  290. 
Hence  Hawse  and  ney,  phr.  a  nursery  term  meaning 
'  kiss  me  and  I  am  pleased.'  Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encycl. 
(1824)  273,  ed.  1876. 

[1.  Wi[>  a  rughe  skyn  ho  heled  his  hals,  Cursor  M.  (c. 
!3oo)  3677.  OE.  heals.  3.  Hals,  throte,  gutter,-  Prompt. 
9.  I  halse  one,  I  take  hym  aboute  the  necke,  j'e  accolle, 
PALSGR.  (1530) ;  Come  halse  me,  the  myrth  of  our  morne, 
York  Plays  (c.  1400)  445.] 

HALSE,  sb.z  Irel.  Som.  Dev.  Also  in  forms  alls  Dev.4 
n.Dev. ;  alse  Dev.;  hawlse  Wxf.1  [ijils,  51s.]  1.  The 
hazel,  Corylus  Avellana.  Also  used  attrib.  Cf.  hall,  sb? 

Wxf.1  Som.  A  halse  coppice,  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873);  N.  &  Q. 
(J877)  5th  S.  viii.  358.  w.Som.1  Dev.  A  man  said  he  had  put 
'an  'alse  'andle  '  into  his  hammer,  Reports  Provinc.  (1877)  131  ; 
For  the  bottom  of  the  basket  he  would  lay  hands  on  hedge  willow 
or  halse,  or  any  other  '  old  stuff,'  Longman's  Mag.  (Oct.  1897) 
509  ;  Dev.4 

Hence  Halsen,  adj.  made  of  hazel. 

Som.  If  they  didn'  chain  thik  there  poor  fakket  up  under  they 
halsen  withes  so  as  he  couldn'  bust,  RAYMOND  Sam  and  Sabina 
(1894)25.  w.Som.1  A  hazel-rod  is  always  a 'halsen  stick.'  s.Dev. 
In  that  part  of  Devonshire  which  skirts  the  south-east  of  Dartmoor, 
the  prevalent  equivalent  for  hazel  wood  is  '  'alsen  'ood,'  ^V.  &  Q. 
^  1874)  sth  S.  ii.  204. 

F  2 




2.  Comp.   (i)   Halse-bushes,   (a)  hazel-bushes;   (b)  the 
common  alder,  Alnus  glutinosa ;  (2)  -nut,  a  hazel-nut. 

(i,a)Dev.4  (6)  n.Dev.  (3)  n.Dev. 'A  did  es  halse-nits  theeve, 
ROCK  Jim  an  Nell  (1867)  st.  na. 

3.  The  wych-elm,  Ulmus  montana.    w.Som.  (B.&  H.) 
HALSEN,  v.  and  sb.     Hmp.  Dor.  Som.  Dev.  Cor.    Also 

in  forms  ausney  Dor.  Som.  n.Dev. ;  halzen  Dev. ;  haw- 
sen  Som. ;  hazen  Dor.1 ;  hilssen  s.Hmp.  Dor.1 ;  housen 
Som. ;  oseny  e.Som. ;  osney  Dur.  Som.  [alzan,  §'z3n.] 

1.  v.  To  predict,   divine,  conjecture ;  to  forebode  evil, 
anticipate  bad  news  ;  to  speak  evil. 

s.Hmp.  Now  don't  ye  hiessenny  like  that,  VERNEY  L.  Lisle  ( 1870) 
xiv.  Dor.  (W.C.);  HAYNES  Voc.  (c.  1730)  in  N.  &  Q.  (1883)  6th 
S.  vii.  366;  Dor.1  '  Til  rain  avore  night.'  '  There,  don't  ye  hies- 
senny,' Gl.  Som.  Don't  'e  houseny  (E.N.)  ;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873) ; 
Monthly  Mag.  (1814)  II.  126.  e.Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  w.Som.1 
You  never  don't  hear  her  zay  no  good  by  nobody,  but  her'll  halseny 
[aa'lznee,  rarely  pron.  oa'znee]  all  the  day  long  'bout  everybody. 
Dev.1  As  zoon  as  you  halseny  I'm  about  to  break  my  meend — whip 
sissa  !  you  be  ago,  34.  n.Dev.  I  ausney  zich  a'  farra',  ROCK  Jim 
an  Nell  (1867)  st.  60. 

Hence  Halsening,  vbl.  sb.  predicting  or  speaking  evil. 

e.Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  w.Som.1  Dev.  Concerning  the 
general  morality  of  [her]  conduct  no  amount  of '  halzening '  could 
be  considered  as  an  exaggeration,  MADOX-BROWN  Dwale  Bluth 
(1876)  bk.  i.  v.  joa.  n.Dev.  Oil  vor  .  .  .  halzening,  or  cuffing  a 
tale,  Exm.  Scold.  (1746)  1.  298;  In  phr.  '  hoaling  and  halzening,' 
picking  holes,  and  suggesting  the  worst  that  can  happen,  Home 
Subsecivae  (1777)  213.  Cor.  At  Little  Colan,  ...  on  Palm 
Sunday,  Carew  says :  '  Sought  at  our  Lady  Nant's  well ...  to  fore 
knowe  .  .  .  fortune  .  .  .  resorted  with  a  palme  crosse  .  .  .  and  an 
offring.  The  offring  fell  to  the  priest's  share ...  a  foolish  conceite 
of  this  "  halsening,"'  Flk-I.oreJrn.  (1886)  IV.  223. 

2.  sb.  A  guess.    n.Dev.  Handbk.  (ed.  1877)  258. 

[1.  Cp.  OHG.  heilison,  '  augurari'  heilisdri,  '  augur, 
aruspex*  (GRAFF),  cogn.  w.  ON.  heill,  an  omen,  auspice, 
foreboding  (VIGFUSSON).  We  may  also  cp.  ME.  halsien, 
to  adjure  (CHAUCER  C.  T.  B.  1835).] 

HALSER,  sb.    Sc.    A  hawser. 

Fif.  Fix'd  are  the  halsers  to  the  folk-clad  shores,  TENNANT^4«6'to 
(1812)  40,  ed.  1815. 

[Alsantire,  a  halsier  in  a  ship,  FLORID  ;  With  well- 
wreath'd  halsers  hoisc  Their  white  sails,  CHAPMAN 
Odysseys  (1615)  n.  609.] 

HALSH,  v.  and  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Yks.  Lan.  Chs.  Der.  War. 
Bdf.  Also  in  forms  halch  Nhb.  w.Yks.2  Lan.1  ne.Lan.1 ; 
hilch  War. ;  holsh  Bdf.  [h)al/.]  1.  v.  To  fasten,  tie ; 
to  knot,  noose,  loop,  twist. 

w.Yks.  T'bobbins  bin  halshed  i'  t'windin  hoile  (W.C.S.) ; 
w.Yks.12  ;  w.Yks.5  Halsh  that  band  up.  Lan.  A  taugh  clooas  line 
halshed  round  their  throttles,  CLEGG  Sketches  (1895)  398;  Halsh 
those  two  poles  t'gether  (S.W.).  ne.Lan.1,  m.Lan.1  Chs.1  To 
tie  a  rope  in  a  peculiar  way  round  timber  or  stone  which  is  to  be 
hoisted;  Chs.3  Halsh  the  rope.  nw.Der.1,  War.  (J.R.W.)  Bdf. 
BATCHELOR  Anal.  Eng.  Lang.  (1809)  135. 

2.  To  embrace.    Cf.  halse,  sb.1  9. 

Nhb.  He  halched  him  right  curteouslie,  RICHARDSON  Borderer's 
Table-bk.  (1846)  VI.  51.  w.Yks.i 

3.  sb.   A  noose,  loop,  a  slip-knot ;  a  twist,  turn.     Also  in 
comp.  Halsh-knot. 

w.Sc.  Margaret  Reid,  .  .  suspect  of  witchcraft,  confessed  she 
put  a  woman  newlie  delivered,  thrice  through  a  green  halshe, 
NAPIER  Flk-Lore  (1879)  131.  w.Yks.  SCATCHERD  Hist.  Morley 
(1839)  Gl.;  (J.T.);  BANKS  Wkfld.  Wds.  (1865);  w.Yks.3,  Lan.1, 
e.Liin.1,  m.Lan. ',  Chs.3 

[1.  Quat  gome  so  is  gorde  with  bis  grene  lace,  While  he 
hit  hade  hemely  halcned  aboute  her  is  no  habel  vnder 
heuen  to  hewe  nym  bat  my3t,  Gawayne  (c.  1360)  1852.] 

HALT,  sb.1    Sc.  Bck.  Dev.      1.  A  defect. 

Ayr.  When  he  spies  in  me  a  halt,  Me  secretly  to  tell  the  fault, 
FISHER  Poems  (1790)  67. 

2.  Rheumatism. 

Dev.  HUNT  Pop.  Rom.  tv.Eng.  (1865)  413,  ed.  1896. 

3.  In  sheep  :  the  foot-rot. 

Bck.  ELLIS  Mod.  Husb.  (1750)  IV.  i. 

HALT,  sb.2    Som.    Animal  denosit.    (HALL.) 

HALT,  v.    Yks.  Not.    [olt]    To  hesitate. 

w.Yks.  Duant  olt  sa  mils  (J.W.).     s.Not.  He  halted  an'  halted ; 

at  last  he  said  he'd  goo  (J.P.K.).      [How  long  halt  ye  between 
two  opinions?  BIBLE  i  Kings  xviii.  ai.] 

HALTER,  sb.  and  v.  Sc.  Yks.  Chs.  Shr.  Nrf.  Dor. 
Som.  Dev.  Also  in  forms  auter  Shr.1 ;  awter  Chs.1 ; 
hauter  s.Chs.1 ;  belter  ne.Yks.1  [§-lta(r),§-to(r).]  1.  sb. 
In  phr.  (i)  as  mad  as  a  tup  in  a  halter,  (2)  to  play  the 
halter,  to  inflict  punishment  ;  (3)  what  the  halter,  an  ex- 
clamation, '  what  the  deuce.' 

(i)  Shr.1  It  is  commonly  said  of  a  person  in  impotent  rage  that 
he  is  'as  mad  as  a  tup  in  a  'auter.'  (a)  Chs.1  (3)  s.Chs.1 

2.  Comp.  (i)  Halter-path,  a  bridle-path,  horse-road  ;  (2) 
•shank,  a  cart-rope. 

;'i)  Dor.  Gl.  (1851) ;  Dor.1  w.Som.1  There  are  still  many  of 
these  left  in  the  Hill  district  where,  since  my  recollection,  pack- 
horses  were  the  chief  mode  of  transit.  Across  a  farm  of  my  own 
is  a  very  ancient  [au'ltur  paa'th],  called  '  Hart's  Path,'  which  was 
never  wide  enough  for  two  horses  to  walk  abreast.  (2)  ne.Yks.1 
A  long  halter  shank  or  cart  rope  is  attached. 

3.  A  hair  noose  for  catching  trout  and  eels.    nw.Dev.1 

4.  A  bridle.    Nrf.  (F.H.) 

5.  v.  To  bridle  ;  to  bridle  a  colt  for  the  first  time.    Also 
used  fig. 

Sc.  Ony  hale-hearted  halsome  hissie,  that  wants  to  halter  a  good 
husband,  GRAHAM  Writings  (1883,  II.  154;  He  halters  the  black 
mare,  it.  32.  w.Som.1  I  had'n  a  rough  colt  never  haltered.  '  I 
bought  an  Exmoor  pony  for  twenty-three  shillings.  .  .  When 
haltered  ...  for  the  first  time  in  his  life,  he  proved  to  be  two  years 
old,'  COLLYNS,  156. 

Hence  Heltering,  vbl.  sb.  the  act  of  '  breaking  in  '  a 
young  colt  or  filly.  ne.Yks.1 

H  ALTON  SHIELDS,  phr.  Nhb.  In  phr.  like  the  man 
at  Halton  Shields  ;  see  below. 

Nhb.1  Common  a  while  ago.  This  celebrated  personage  set  off 
on  a  journey,  and,  after  travelling  laboriously  all  night,  found 
himself  at  his  own  back  door  next  morning,  BRUCE  Handbk.  to 
Roman  Wall  ,  1884)  57. 

HALTS,  sb.  pi.  Cum.  Wm.  Also  in  form  holts  Wm. 
Wicker  hampers  ;  see  below. 

Cum.  Halts,  a  pair  of  strong  wicker  hampers  which  were  joined 
by  a  pack  saddle,  and  hung  across  a  horse's  back,  LINTON  Lake 
Cy.  (1864)  304.  Wm.  The  turf  or  peat  was  conveyed  from  the 
mosses  in  halts,  Manners,  &c.  of  Wm.  (1847)  34  ;  In  the  dales 
bordering  upon  Yorkshire,  the  women  often  carried  dung  in  holts 
...  on  their  shoulders  to  the  fields,  BRIGGS  Remains  (1825)  210. 

HALTUGONGA,  int.  Sh.I.  Also  written  haltagongi ; 
and  in  form  altagongi.  An  expression  used  by  fisher- 
men to  check  the  running  of  a  halibut  that  has  been 

When  the  halibut  was  running  with  such  force,  that  it  was 
feared  that  it  might  break  the  line,  the  Unst  fishermen  would  cry 
after  it :  'Haltagongi,'  or 'altagongi,' which  means 'stop  running.' 
.  .  Said  in  English  this  would  have  no  effect  on  the  fish,  but  said 
in  Norn  it  was  thought  to  be  effectual  and  to  stop  the  fish,  J  AKOBSEN 
Dial.  ^1897)  29;  S.&  Ork.1 

HALUCK,  see  Hallock. 

HALVANS,  sb.  pi.  Dev.  Cor.  1.  Half  produce  of 
labour,  given  instead  of  wages.  Cor.1 

Hence  Halvaner,  sb.  one  who  receives  half  the  produce 
of  his  labour. 

Cor.  Boath  tutwork  men  and  tributers  And  halvaners,  I  say, 
TREGELLAS  Tales  (1865)  17;  Cor.12 

2.  In  mining  :  refuse  of  the  lode  after  the  ore  is  separated 
from  the  rock  ;  inferior  ore. 

Dev.,  Cor.  In  constant  use  (R.O.H.).     Cor.12    [WEALE.] 

Hence  Halvanner,  sb.  a  miner  whose  earnings  arc 
gained  by  dressing  or  cleaning  the  refuse  or  poorest 
quality  of  tin-stone.  Cor.3 

HALVE,  v.1  Lakel.  Also  in  form  hauve  Lakel.2  Of 
sheep :  to  mark  by  cutting  away  half  the  top  of  the  ear. 

Cum.  Every  shepherd's  flock  hes  some  variety  in  ear-marking.  .  . 
We  cut  one-half  of  a  top  of  the  ear  clean  away,  and  we  call  it 
under  or  upper  halving,  Helvellyn  in  Cornh.  Mag.  (Oct.  1890)  387. 

Hence  Hauved,  adj.  of  a  sheep  :  marked  in  such  a  way. 

HALVE,  v?  Som.  Also  in  form  helve.  To  turn 
over,  turn  upside  down.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 

HALVE,  see  Haaf,  sb.1,  Haw,  sb.1 




HALVED,/^/-  adj.  Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.)  Golfing  term: 
see  below. 

Applied  to  a  match  which  results  in  a  drawn  game.  Also  applied  to 
a  hole  when  each  party  takes  the  same  number  of  strokes  to  play  it. 

HALVER,  sb.,  adj.  and  v.  Sc.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Yks.  Chs. 
Also  in  forms  haaver  Sc.  S.  &  Ork.1  Bnff.1 ;  hafer  s.Chs.1 ; 
haffer  Gall. ;  halfer  Sc.  (JAM.)  N.Cy.1 ;  haver  Sh.I.  Abd. 
[h)a'var,  §'va(r.]  1.  sb.  Obs.  One  who  has  a  moiety 
or  half  of  anything,  a  sharer,  partner. 

Kcb.  Christ  will  have  joy  and  sorrow  halvers  of  the  life  of  the 
saints  ...  as  the  night  and  day  are  kindly  partners  and  halvers  of 
time,  RUTHERFORD  Lett.  <  1660)  No.  245. 

2.  A  half,  an  equal  share  or  portion ;  gen.  in  pi.,  esp.  in 
phr.  to  go  halvers,  to  go  shares ;  in  halvers,  in  partnership. 

Sc.  Halvers  gang  I  wi'  a'  that  fear  thee,  WADDELL  Psalms 
(1871)  cxi.  63.  Sh.I.  With  this  view  he  gave  to  them  in  '  halvers  ' 
certain  mare  ponies.  This  is  in  accordance  with  a  custom  of  the 
county  under  which  the  owner  of  a  pony  gives  to  another  as 
custodier  a  pro  indiviso  right  in  the  animal.  .  .  The  custodier  is 
bound  to  keep  and  feed  the  animal,  and  is  entitled  to  receive  in 
joint  property  with  the  original  owner  of  the  pony  one-half  of 
all  stock  the  produce  or  descendants  of  said  animal,  or  one-half  of 
the  pony  or  ponies  while  in  his  possession,  Sh.  News  (July  16, 
1898)  ;  They  had  a  considerable  number  of  sheep  and  ponies — 
some  of  which  were  held  in  halvers  with  the  neighbours,  CLARK 
Gleams  (1898  52;  S.  &  Ork.1  Cai.1  'To  go  haavers.'  'In 
haavers.'  Ayr.  Will  she  let  me  go  halver?  GALT  Entail  (1823; 
xxv.  Gall.  I'll  rin  haffers  wi'  the  bed  O'  Wattie  the  killman, 
MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  297,  ed.  1876.  w.Yks.  Let's  go 
halvers  wi'  tha  (S.K.C.). 

3.  pi.   An  exclamation  used  by  children  to  claim  half  the 
value  of  any  treasure  found  by  another ;  also  in  phr. 
haavers  and  shaivers. 

Sc.  The  beggar  exclaimed,  like  a  Scotch  schoolboy,  when  he 
finds  anything. '  Nae  halvers  and  quarters,  hale  o'  mine  ain,  and 
nane  o'  my  neighbour's,'  SCOTT  Antiquary  >,  1816)  xxiii ;  Nae 
bunchers,  nor  halvers,  But  a'  my  ain,  CHAMBERS  Pop.  Rhymes  (ed. 
1870  145 ;  When  one  of  a  party  unexpectedly  finds  a  piece  of 
money  or  other  article  of  value,  the  first  in  calling  halfers  is 
supposed  to  have  a  right  to  share  to  that  extent  with  the  finder 
(JAM.  Suppl^.  Per.  (G.W.)  Lth.  Haavers  and  shaivers.  If  one 
who  sees  another  find  anything  exclaims  in  this  language,  he  is 
entitled  to  the  moiety  of  what  is  found.  If  he  who  is  finder  uses 
these  terms  before  any  other,  he  is  viewed  as  having  the  sole  right 
to  the  property  (JAM.) ;  The  phr.  more  fully  is  '  haavers  and 
shaivers,  and  hale  o' mine  ain.'  This  is  pronounced  indiscriminately 
by  the  finder  and  by  one  who  claims  a  share  (ib.).  e.Lth.  Gin  the 
lairds  could  see  an  inch  afore  their  nose,  they  wad  be  glad  to  cry 
haavers  raither  than  tine  a',  HUNTER  /.  Inwick  (1895)  89.  N.Cy.1 
If,  however,  the  finder  be  quick,  he  exclaims  '  No  halfers — findee 
keepee,  lessee  seekee,'  which  destroys  the  claim,  and  gives  him 
the  sole  right  to  the  property.  Nhb.1  Another  formula  is:  '  Ne 
halfers;  ne  quarters;  ne  pin  points;  Nyen  o'  me  neybors ;  aall 
me  aan.'  s.Chs.1 

4.  adj.    Of  cattle  or  stock  :  held  in  partnership. 

Sh.I.  Admits  that  defender  has  in  his  possession  the  '  halvers  ' 
stock  specified,  Sh.  News  (July  16,  1898) ;  I  fan  a'  'at  we  hed  comin' 
dat  wye— aless  dy  grey  ha'vers  yow,  mam.  ib.  (Apr.  i,  1899). 

5.  v.   To  divide  into  equal  shares,  to  halve  ;  to  possess 
in  partnership  with  any  one. 

S.  &  Ork.1,  Cai.1,  Bnff.1  Abd.  Cut  an'  ha'ver  the  roast,  ALEXANDER 
Johnny  Gibb  (1871)  xl ;  (JAM.) 

Hence  Halvert,  ppl.  adj.  cut  in  two,  divided  in  hall. 

Abd.  Nae  mair  deed  nor  a  halvert  worm,  MACDONALD  Malcolm 
11875)  I.  4- 

HALY,  see  Holy. 

HALY-CALY,  v.  Cor.12  To  throw  things  to  be 
scrambled  for. 

HALYEAR,  sb.  Obs.  Sc.  Also  written  hallier  (JAM.) ; 
and  in  form  hellzier  Abd.  A  half-year. 

n.Sc.  (JAM.)  Abd.  Three  hellzier  [halyear,  ed.  1789  (JAM.)] 
younger  she  than  dindy  was,  Ross  Helenore  (1768)  14,  ed.  1812. 

HAM,  sb.1  and  v.1  Sc.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan.  Chs.  Lin. 
Som.  Dev.  Also  in  forms  hame  Dmf. ;  horn  e.Lan.1 
s.Chs.1  [h) am,  asm.]  1.  sb.  The  thigh  ;  the  part  of  the 
leg  immediately  behind  the  knee.  . 

Fif.  Roll  down  the  sweaty  crowds  with  wearied  legs  and  hams, 
TENNANT  Anster  (1812)  32,  ed.  1871.  Cum.  He  slap't  his  ham, 
GILPIN  Sngs.  (1866)  aoa.  w.Yks.1,  e.Lan.1,  s.Chs.1,  n.Lin.1 

Hence  Hamkin,  sb.  the  hock  of  a  pig.    n.Lin.1 

2.  Comp.  Hame-blade,  sb.  ham-bone. 

Dmf.  Sometimes  a  bane  like  a  hame-bladc.  HAWKINS  Poems 
(1841)  V.  25. 

3.  Phr.  ham  o'  pork,  the  joint,  as  distinguished  from  the 

w.Som.1  It  is  nearly  invariable  to  speak  of  '  dressing  a  ham  o' 
pork,'  while  the  same  speaker  would  say,  '  Thank 'ee,  I'll  have  a 
little  bit  o'  ham.'  Dev.  They'd  a-dressed  a  ham  o'  pork  and  a  gurt 
piece  o'  beef,  Reports  Provinc.  (1885)  96. 

4.  Wrestling  term  :  see  below. 

Cum.*  The  action  differs  from  '  catching  the  heel '  by  the  attack 
being  made  behind  the  knee  of  the  opponent,  instead  of  behind  his 

5.  v.    To  salt  the  hind-quarters  of  beef,  pork,  or  mutton, 
and  hang  them  up  to  be  smoked. 

Twd.  To  ham  the  leg  of  a  sheep  (JAM.).  Gall.  He's  hung  upon 
a  nag  [pin]  to  be  ham'd  to  the  reekiest  neuk  o'  hell,  MACTAGGART 
Encycl.  <  1824)  175,  ed.  1876. 

HAM,  sb.2  Not.  Nhp.  Glo.  Sus.  Wil.  Dor.  Som.  PCV. 
Also  written  hamm  ;  and  in  form  homm  Glo.  [am,  asm.] 

1.  Flat,  low-lying  pasture  land  near  a  stream  or  river. 
Cf.  holm,  sb.1  2. 

Nhp.1  An  inclosed  level  pasture.  Glo.  A  common  or  marsh 
land,  BAYLIS  Illus.  Dial.  (1870  ;  Glo.1  A  considerable  tract  of 
ground  along  the  Severn,  adjoining  the  City  of  Gloucester,  and 
owned  by  the  Freemen  of  the  City,  is  known  as  'The  Ham.' 
Sus.1  Wil.  A  narrow  strip  of  ground  by  the  side  of  a  river,  DAVIS 
Agric.  (1813,;  Wil.1  Dor.  The  meadow  behind  East  Holme 
Church  is  called  •  The  Hams  '  (C.W.).  Som.  Ave  you  bin  down  in 
ham,  Thomas,  o' late?  JENNINGS  Dial.  ui.Eng.  '1869")  141.  w.Som.1 
The  word  rather  implies  land  subject  to  be  flooded,  but  yet  rich, 
and  by  no  means  swampy  or  wet  land.  Dev.  That  ham's  a  long 
way  from  the  farm,  Reports  Provinc.  (1884  19;  The  stile  of  the 
little  ham,  BLACKMORE  Christowell  (1881  xxvi ;  Dev.1,  nw.Dev.1 

Hence  Hammings,  sb.  pi.  shallow  parts  of  a  river 
broken  up  by  islands  where  the  water  flows  rapidly. 
Not.  (W.J.R.) 

2.  A  stinted  common  pasture  for  cows. 

Glo.  GROSE  (1790;  ;  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  ,1789    II ;  Gl.  ,1851,. 

[1.  A  hamme  or  a  little  plot  of  ground  by  the  Thames 
side  .  . .  beset  with  many  willow  trees  or  osiers,  MINSHELT 
Ditctor  (1617).  OE.  hamtn,  a  pasture  or  meadow  enclosed 
with  a  ditch  (Eardulf's  Charter,  875).  Cp.  Du.  hamme  van 
Wilgen,  a  place  planted  with  willowes  (HEXHAM)  ;  LG. 
ham,  '  eine  Wiese  '  (BERGHAUS).] 

HAM,  sb.3  Obs.  Som.  Old  calamine  pits.  W.  &  J. 
Gl.  (1873). 

HAM,v.2   Bdf.   [aem.]   Tocutandtrimahedge.   (J.W.B.) 

HAM,  v.3     Dur.    [ham.]     To  repeat. 

e.Dur.1  He  ham'd  it  o'er  and  o'er. 

HAM,  see  Haulm. 

HAMALD,  adj.,  v.  and  sb.  Sc.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Also  in 
forms  haemilt  Slk. ;  haimald  Sc.  (JAM.)  ;  haimelt  Sh.I. ; 
hameald  Sc. ;  hameil  Lth.  Edb.  Slk.  n.Cy.  :  hamel  Abd.  ; 
hameld  Sc. ;  hamelt  Lnk.  Edb.  Feb. ;  hamhald  Sc.  QAM.)  ; 
hamil  Abd. ;  hamilt  Frf.  Per.  Lth. ;  hammal  Cai.1 ; 
hammel  Elg.  Per. ;  hyemmelt  Nhb.1  [na'ml(d.]  1.  adj. 
Homely,  domestic,  household.  Cf.  hamert ;  see  Home. 

Sc.  HERD  Coll.  Sngs.  ',1776;  Gl.  Cai.1  Hame  is  hammal  [there 
is  no  place  like  home].  Elg.  Former  times,  and  hammel  news 
Steal  affthe  hour  and  mair,  COUPER  Poetry  (1804)  I.  117  ;  A  mair 
hammel  carl  there  couldna  weel  been,  Abd.  Wkly.  Free  Press  (June 
25,  1898,.  Abd.  Simple,  honest,  hamel  fowk,  ALEXANDER  Ain 
Flk.  (18821  82.  Frf.  A  hoosie  mair  hamilt  than  braw,  WATT  Poet. 
Sketches  (1880)  67.  Per.  Buckled  up  their  hammell'd  gear, 
MONTEATH  Dunblane  (1835)  116,  ed.  1887.  Lnk.  Our  auld  hamelt 
tongue  ...  is  deein',  HAMILTON  Poems  (1865)  136.  Lth.  O  ken 
ye  auld  Janet's  bit  hamilt  made  biggin'  ?  BALLANTINE  Poems  (1856) 
46.  Edb.  Nae  herds  on  Yarrow's  bonny  braes  .  .  .  Delight  to 
chaunt  their  hameil  lays,  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  II.  129,  ed. 
1785.  Feb.  To  send  some  hamelt,  rustic  lays,  To  your  sweet 
muse,  NICOL  Poems  (1805)  I.  93.  Slk.  The  gude  auld  haemilt 
blude  that  rins  in  her  veins,  HOGG  Tales  (1838)  80,  ed.  1866  ; 
Our  grumblin'  reachin'  some  folk's  ears  Of  hameil  brulies  rais'd 
their  fears,  ib.  Sc.  Pastorals  (1801)  15  (JAM.).  n.Cy.  Border  Gl. 
(Coll.  L.L.B.) 




2.  Home-made;  home-grown,  home-bred  as  opposed  to 

Sc.  Haimilt  claith  is  that  which  has  been  spOn  at  home  and 
given  out  to  be  wrought,  as  distinguished  from  what  has  been 
purchased  in  the  piece,  although  the  latter  should  be  the  manu- 
facture of  the  country.  This  is  also  called  haimilt-made  (JAM.). 
Elg.  He  wore  ...  a  hammel-spun  coat,  Abd.  Wkly.  Free  Press 
(June  25,  1898).  Edb.  I  am  hameil  .  .  .  I'm  na  frae  Turkey,  Italy, 
or  France,  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  i8a,  ed.  1785. 

3.  Tame,  domestic,  as  opposed  to  wild. 

Sc.  Lang  lean  makes  hameald  cattel,  RAY  Prov.  (1678)  383; 
HENDERSON  Prov.  (.1832)  82,  ed.  1881.  Abd.  Critic  or  bard  or 
hamil  kine,  SKINNER  Poems  (1809)  179  (JAM.1).  Nhb.1 

4.  v.   To  domesticate. 

Lth.  A  beast  is  said  to  be  haimilt  when,  after  a  change,  it  becomes 
accustomed  to  the  pasture  to  which  it  is  sent  (JAM.). 

5.  sb.   A  '  haaf-word '  for  wife. 

Sh.I.  The  common  name  for  '  wife '  was  haimelt  or  hjaimelt, 
because  she  sat  at  home,  while  her  husband  was  at  the  haaf, 
JAKOBSEN  Dial.  (1897)  28  ;  SPENCE  Flk-Lore  (1899)  lai. 

[1.  Cariand  to  Italy  Thair  vincust  hammald  goddis  and 
Ilion,  DOUGLAS  Eneados  (1513),  ed.  1874,  n.  26.  Norw. 
dial,  heimholl,  homely  (AASEN)  ;  ON.  heimoll  (heimull, 
heimili),  also  heimhollr  (FRITZNER)  ;  cp.  heimold(-ild),  right 
of  possession  (VIGFUSSON)  ;  see  Brogh  and  Hammer.] 

HAMBLE,  v.  Sc.  Yks.  Lan.  Der.  Nhp.  War.  Also  in 
forms  hample  w.Yks. ;  hamel  .w.Yks.1 ;  hamle  w.Yks.1 
Nhp.1 ;  hammle  Slk.  e.Yks.1  ne.Lan.1;  haumpus  nw.Der.1; 
hawmple  Lan.1 ;  hawmpo  Lan. ;  homble  w.Yks.  Der.2  ; 
homple  w.Yks.  e.Lan.1 ;  humple  Slk.  Rxb.  ;  oample  Lan. 
[a-m(b)l.]  To  limp,  halt,  walk  feebly  or  awkwardly ;  to 
stumble.  Cf.  himple. 

Rxb.  Then  humpled  he  out  in  a  hurry,  A.  SCOTT  Poems  (ed. 
1808)  218.  e.Yks.1  Poor  awd  fellow !  he  can  hardly  hammle 
alang.  w.Yks.  I  wor  as  wake  as  a  cheild.  I  hombled  on  till  1  got 
to  Camblesworth,  HALLAM  Wadsley  Jack  <  18661  xvi ;  w.Yks.14 
Lan.  He  hawmples  in  his  walk,  like  a  lame  duck,  WAUGH  Hermit 
Cobbler  (1876)  6  ;  I  mede  o'  shift  to  hawmpo  owey  ewt  o'  th' 
huzzy  o'  bit,  PAUL  BOBBIN  Sequel  (1819)  41 ;  Lan.1,  ne.Lan.1,  e.Lan.1 
s.Lan.  BAMFORD  Dial.  { 18541.  Der.1;  Der.2  He  goes  hombling 
along.  nw.Der.1.  Nhp.1.  War.  (J.R.W. 

Hence  Hammlin,  ppl.  adj.  limping,  shambling  ;  feeble. 

Slk.  Sir  David's  trusty  hound  wi'  humpling  back,  HOGG  Poems 
(ed.  1865)  63.  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Astride  hir  homblin  mare, 
SENIOR  Smithy  Rhymes  (1882,  35  ;  Every  bunion  hez  a  tendency 
to  stop  t'progress  o'  poor  homplin  pilgrims,  Dewsbre  Olm.  (1881 
7.  Lan.  That  hawmpoin  tyke  Hal  wur  wi'  um,  TIM  BOBBIN  View 
Dial.  (1740)  14;  He  wur  nobbut  a  hawmplin'  mak  of  a  walker  at 
th'  best,  WAUGH  Chim.  Corner  (1874)  116,  ed.  1879. 

HAMBURGH,  sb.  Irel.  Yks.  Lan.  Lin.  Gmg.  Pern.  Dev. 
Also  in  forms  hamaron  Wxf.1 ;  hambrah  Pern. ;  ham- 
burgher  Lin.1 ;  hamrach  Gmg.  Pern. ;  hawmbark  Lan.  ; 
hanaborough  Dev. ;  hanniber  n.Dev. ;  hannibur  Dev.3  ; 
homber  w.Yks.2  1.  The  collar  of  a  draught-horse,  gen. 
made  of  reed  or  straw,  a  '  bargham.' 

Wxf.1  Obs.  w.Yks.2  Lan.  His  wig .  . .  leet  like  a  hawmbark  on 
his  shilders,  TIM  BOBBIN  View  Dial.  (1740,  25;  Lan.1  s.Lan. 
PICTON  Dial.  (i86s\  Gmg.  COLLINS  Gower  Dial,  in  Trans.  Phil. 
Soc.  (1848-50)  IV.  222.  Pern.  JAGO  Gl.  (1882)  102.  Dev.  Home 
Subsecivae  (1777)  201.  n.Dev.  Bobby 'th  vaught  'e  .  .  .  Haimses,  a 
hanniber,  a  veil,  ROCK  Jim  an'  Nell  (1867)  st,  67. 

2.  pi.  Fig.    Arm-holes. 

Lin.  (HALL.)  ;  Lin.1  The  waistcoat  pinches  me  inthe  hamburghers. 

3.  A  large  scarf  or  comforter.     Dev.8 

4.  A  straw-mat  used  in  brewing  to  rest  the  pan  upon. 

s. Pern.  Bring  'ere  the  hambrah,  we  moost  taak  off  the  pan,  'tis 
boilin' (W.M.M.). 

[1.  Than  muste  he  haue  his  horses  or  mares  or  both  his 
hombers  or  collers,  FITZHERBERT  Hush.  (1534)  14  ;  Epy- 
phium,  an  hamborwe,  Trin.  Coll.  MS.  (c.  1450)  in  Wright's 
Voc.  (1884)  580.  Hame,  sb.2  +  -borwe  (-berwe),  OE.  -beorg(e, 

HAME,  s*.1  In  gen.  dial,  use  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng. 
Also  in  forms  aime  Ken.1 ;  ame  e.Yks.  Not.  Suf.  Ken. ; 
eame  War.2  s.War.1 ;  eyam  Not.  s.Hmp. ;  haam  n.Yks.2 
OV.Yks.1  n.Lin.1  s.Lin.  Hmp.  Som.;  haayme  Brks.1; 
haem  Sc.  (JAM.);  haim  Inv.  Abd.  Nhb.1  e.Yks.1;  hairm 
n.Lin.1 ;  ham  Lan.  Sus.12  w.Dev. ;  hamm  n.Yks. ;  haum 

e.Lan.1  w.Wor.1 ;  hawm  Lan.1  Chs.1  Dev. ;  heam  N.Cy.1 
Cum.  w.Yks.  Der.  Dor. ;  heeam  n.Yks.4  e.Yks.1 ;  heme 
Chs.13;  hem  Inv.  Elg.  N.I.1  Ken.1;  hemm  Ant.;  heyam 
Dur.1  Not.  Hmp.;  heyem  Nhb.1;  hiam  Wm.  ;  home 
Chs.1  War.  se.Wor.1  Shr.1  Hrf.2;  holme  w.Wor.1 ;  hyem 
Nhb.1 ;  yam  n.Yks.2  e.Yks.1 ;  pi.  aimses  Dev. ;  hameses 
Hrf.  Glo.12  w.Som.1  Dev.;  hamses  nw.Dev.1 ;  heamsies 
i  Som.  [h)em,  h)iam,  im.]  1.  pi.  The  two  curved  pieces 
of  wood  or  metal  resting  on  the  collar  of  a  draught- 
horse,  to  which  the  traces  are  attached.  Cf.  bargham. 

Sc.  A  pair  of  names  and  brechom  fine,  RAMSAY  Tea-Table  Misc. 
(1724)  I.  175,  ed.  1871.  Inv.  (H.E.F.;  Elg.  The  hems  were  taen 
aff,  an'  the  halter  made  fest,  Abd.  Wkly.  Free  Press  (June  25,  1898;. 
Abd.  Gin  ye  slack  the  haims  .  .  .  the  beasts  '11  be  throu'  wi'  their 
feed,  ALEXANDER  Ain  Flk.  (1882 »  195.  N.I.1,  Wxf.1,  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1 
The  two  pieces  of  crooked  wood  or  bent  iron  hinged  at  the  bottom 
and  held  together  with  a  strap  atop.  They  are  passed  round  the 
collar  of  a  horse,  and  are  furnished  with  an  eye  in  each  side  to 
which  are  attached  the  chains  to  draw  the  load.  Dnr.1,  s.Dur. 
( J.E.D.),  Wm.  (B.K.)  Cum.  Rigreape,  braugham,  pair  o'  heams, 
GILPIN  Sngs.  (1866)  201.  n.Yks.  Neither  traces,  hames,  nor 
baurghwans  to  finnd,  MERITON  Praise  Ale  (1684)  1.  93  ;  n.Yks.124, 
ne.Yks.1,  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.  HUTTON  Tour  to  Caves  (1781  ;  w.Yks.2 
Lan.  GROSE  (1790^  MS.  add.  (C. ;  e.Lan.',  Chs.1 23,  Der.2,  nw.Der.1, 
Not.  (L.C.M.),  (J.H.B.),  Not.123,  nXln.'  s.Lin.  What  a  unheppen 
looby  to  put  that  boss's  haams  on  i'  that  how  (T.H.R.).  sw.Lin.1, 
Rut.1,  Lei.1,  Nhp.1  War.  Leamington  Courier  (Mar.  6,  1897)  ; 
War.2,  s.War.',  w.Wor.1,  s.Wor.  (H.K.),  se.Wor.1,  Shr.1,  Hrf.12, 
Glo.  J.S.F.S.1,  Glo.12,  Oxf.1,  Brks.1,  Bdf.  J.W.B.  ,  w.Mid. 
(W.P.M.)  Krf.Arcli.  (1879)  VIII.  170.  Suf.  (F.H.X  Ken.  fH.M.,, 
Ken.1,  Hmp.1, 1.W.1,  Wil.1  Dor.  BARNES  Gl. ,  1863).  Som.  A  horse- 
collar  and  a  pair  o'  hamses,  RAYMOND  Sam  and  Sabina  (1894) 
107;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  w.Som.1  In  the  dial,  there  is  no  sing. 
To  denote  one  of  the  separate  parts,  it  is  necessary  to  say,  '  one 
o'  the  zides  o'  th'  hameses,'  or  '  one  o'  th'  hameses  '  [ae'umzez]. 
Dev.  The  hames  is  very  loose,  Reports  Provinc.  (1884  "i  19  ;  Where's 
ta  put  tha  aimses  tu  ?  HEWETT  Peas.  Sf>.  (1892)  46.  nw.Dev.1 

Hence  (i)  Hame  and  chain-maker,  phr.  a  maker  of 
harness;  (a)  Hamed, ppl.  adj.  yoked. 

(i)  Lan.1  Common  in  Manchester,  (a)  Glo.  The  horse  being 
harnassed  or  named,  MARSHALL  Review  (1818)  II.  439. 

2.  Comb.   (\)   Hame-blade,  the   half  of  a  horse-collar; 
(2)  -houghed,  having  houghs  shaped  like  a  '  hame ' ;  (3) 
•rough,  (4)  -stick,  one  of  a  pair  of  'hames';    (5)  -stick 
ring,  a  ring  attached  to  the  '  hame,'  through  which  the 
rein  passes ;  (6)  -stick  strap,  the  strap  which  fastens  the 
'  hame ' ;    (7)  -tree,   (8)   -ward,  see  (4) ;   (9)  -wood,  the 
'  hames.' 

(i )  Lth.  (JAM.)  (a)  Sc.  A  term  applied  to  a  horse  when  it  is 
straiter  above  than  below  the  hough  ;  from  the  resemblance  of 
its  hind  legs  to  a  pair  of  hames  jb.) ;  She  was  lang-toothed  an' 
blench-lippit,  Hacm-houghed  an'  haggis-fittit,  Edb.  Monthly  Mag. 
(June  1817)  238  (JAM.1.  (.3)  Chs.  (K.)  (4;  Nhb.1  (5,  6)  Nhb. 
(R.O.H.;  (7,  8)  w.Dev.  MARSHALL  Rur.Econ.  (1796).  (9,  Ken.1, 

3.  A  horse-collar ;  a  circle  of  straw  rope  often  used  to 
fasten  the  head  of  a  sheep  to  its  fore-leg  to  prevent  its 
straying.    Cor.12 

[1.  LG.  ham,  ein  Joch,  Kummet,der  Pferde  (BERCHAUS)  ; 
M  Du.  hame,  a  leather  or  wooden  yoke  for  horses  (  VERDAM  ).] 

HAME,_s6.2  and  v.1  Lin.  Suf.  Also  written  haim 
se.Lin.  [em.]  1.  sb.  Steam  from  boiling  water ;  warm 
vapour  as  from  heated  horses,  slaked  lime,  &c. 

Lin.1  This  hame  has  scauded  me.  e.Lin.  Used  also  of  the  damp 
and  moist  feeling  of  an  empty  house  opened  out  again  (G.G.W. ). 
se.Lin.  In  gen.  use  near  the  sea-coast.  'The  wesh'us  is  white  with 
haim  out  o'  the  boiler.'  '  Ho'd  yer  he'd  in  the  haim  from  a  baason 
o'  hot  waater'  (T.H.R.).  Suf.  The  hame  is  coming  out  of  the 
kettle  (F.H.). 
2.  v.  To  steam. 

Suf.  If  your  throat  is  sore,  you  can't  do  better  than  hame  it.  The 
kettle  begins  to  hame  (F.H.). 

[1,  2.  Norw.  dial,  eim,  steam,  eimbaat,  a  steamboat ;  eitna, 
to  steam  (AASEN)  ;  ON.  eimr,  reek,  vapour  (VIGFUSSON).] 

HAME,  sb?  Hmp.  [em.]  A  small  piece,  in  phr.  all 
to  hame,  all  to  bits. 

The  glass  is  all  to  hame,  WISE  New  Forest  (1883,  283  ;  Hmp.» 

[EFris.  ham, '  Biss,  Bissen,  Stuck '  (KooLMANJ.J 




HAME,  v?  Som.  [em.]  To  have  sexual  intercourse. 
W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 

[OE.  /iceman,  '  concumbere,  coire,  nubere  '  (B.T.).] 

HAME,  see  Ham,  si.1,  Haulm,  Home. 

HAMEART,  adv.  Sc.  Yks.  Also  in  forms  hamewarts 
Fif. ;  hamedards  w.Yks.  [he'mart.]  Homeward ;  also 
used  attrib.  Cf.  hamert,  adj. 

Fif.  Hamewarts  bairn  and  wife,  and  man,  Helter-skelter  they 
skelpt  and  ran,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  222.  Rnf.  Sir  Guy  is 
forced  to  ...  tak'  the  hameart  gate  [way],  THOMSON  Leddy  May 
(1883)  3.  Lnk.  Hameart  he  gaed  that  nicht,  COGHILL  Poems 
(1890)  78.  w.Yks.  Breakfast  dune,  they  mud  hamedards  start, 
DIXON  Sluadburn  Faar  (1871)  16. 

HAMEL,  HAMELT,  HAMEL-TREE,  see  Hamble, 
Hamald,  Hample-tree. 

HAMEREST,  sb.  Sh.I.  Also  in  form  hamerist. 
[he'mrest.]  The  commonage  adjoining  enclosed  land. 

Da  maist  o'  wir  paets  wis  apo'  da  hamerist,  Sh.  News  (May  22, 
1897)  ;  S.  &  Ork.1 

[Norw.  dial,  heimrast,  the  nearest  grass-land  to  the  en- 
closed land  (AASEN)  ;  ON.  heim-rdst.} 

HAMERT,  adj.  Sc.  Nhb.  Also  written  haimart  Rnf. ; 
haimert  Frf.  ;  hamart  Sc.  (JAM.)  ;  hame'art  Dmb.  Ayr. ; 
and  in  forms  hame-at  Ayr.  ;  hameit,  hamet  Per. ;  hame- 
ward  Fif.  Nhb. ;  hamewart  Ayr. ;  hamit  Frf.  [he'mart.] 

1.  Belonging  to  home,  home-grown,  home-made,  home- 
keeping  ;  also  used  advb.    Cf.  hameart. 

Sc.  Cleedin  guid  o'  hamert  mak',  EDWARDS  Mod.  Poets,  8th  S. 
307.  Frf.  Weel  twisted  oot  o'  haimert  woo',  BEATTIF.  Arnha 
(c.  1820')  15,  ed.  1882  ;  Nane  but  hamit  linjet  [flax-seed]  sawn, 
Piper  of  Peebles  (1794).  Per.  Roll'd  up  like  a  witch  in  a  hameit- 
spun  plaidie,  FORD  Harp  (1893)  147;  The  gude  auld  times  O' 
hearty  rants  and  hamet  rhymes,  HALIBURTON  Puir  Auld  Scotland 
(1887)  164.  Fif.  It  was  hameward  wisdom,  the  wisdom  that  likes  to 
brood  cure  a  cog  o'  guid  stiff  parritch,  ROBERTSON  Provost  (1894) 
128.  e.Flf.  On  his  lower  shanks,  he  had  a  pair  o'  coarse  ribbit 
hamert-wrocht  blue  stockins,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  iii.  Dmb. 
The  yarn  in  grist  is  a'  alike,  Tho"  hame'art  spun,  TAYLOR  Poems 
(1827)  58.  Rnf.  Stegh  the  loun  weel  wi'  haimart  gear,  PICKEN 
Poems  (1813)  I.  129.  Ayr.  Nane  o'  our  hamewart  gentry,  GALT 
Lairds  (1826)  xxii;  An  auld-fashion'd  man,  a  hame'art  gentleman 
who  has  never  seen  the  world,  ib.  xxvi;  The  homespun,  or'hame- 
at-made '  articles,  were  the  pride  of  every  housewife,  WHITE 
Jottings  (1879)  36.  Lnk.  Scrimp  her  o'  her  bit  and  brat,  That 
hameward  agriculture  May  thrive,  WATSON  Poems  (1853)  5.  Dmf. 
He's  haimert-made  and  genuine,  SHAW  Schoolmaster  (1899)  334. 
Nhb.  Obs.  I  will  no  longer  submit  to  his  hameward  country  ways, 
Lett,  from  Corbridge  (1775)  (R.O.H.). 

Hence  Haimartness,  sb.  childish  attachment  to  home. 
Sc.  (JAM.) 

2.  Condescending  in  manner,  not  haughty. 

Ags.  A  person  of  rank  is  hameart  who  is  courteous  (JAM.).  Dmf. 
The  hamert  heart  was  donnert  dung,  REID  Poems  (1894)  260. 

HAMFLEETS,  sb.  pi.  Obs.  Glo.  Cloth  buskins  to 
defend  the  legs  from  dirt, '  sheenstrads.' 

Horae  Subsecivac  (1777)  201 ;  Gl.  (1851);  Glo.1  Hame-leets[si'c]. 

HAM-GAMS,  sb.  pi.  Lei.1  [avm-gaemz.]  Antics,  tricks. 

A's  bin  at  some  o'  his  hamgams  agen. 

HAMIE,  adj.    Obs.    Sc.    Suggestive  of  home,  domestic. 

Edb.  I  ...  ripet  a'  my  shallow  pow  For  hamie  lays,  CRAWFORD 
Poems  (1798)  47. 

HAMIL,  sb.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Lan.  Chs.  Sus.  Also  written 
hamel  e.Lan.1 ;  hammil  Lan.1 ;  hammill  n.Cy. ;  and  in  form 
hemmelNhb.  e.Sus.  [a'ml,  hje'ml.]  1.  A  hamlet,  village. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Nhb.  'Tween  Foxstane  hemmils  an'  the 
Peels,  PROUDLOCK  Borderland  Muse  (1896)  84.  Lan.  Aw  know  o' 
that  country-side,  .  .  .  hill  an'  dale, . . .  hamil  an'  road-side  heawse, 
WAUGH  Yeth-Bobs  (1869)  i  ;  Lan.1,  e.Lan.1  e.Sus.  HOLLOWAY. 
2.  Comp.  Hamil-sconce,  fig.  the  light  of  the  village  or 
hamlet,  the  village  Solomon. 

Lan.  Owd  Jeremy  at  tat  time  wur  look't  on  as  th'  hammel's 
skonse  amung  'em  e  Juda,  WALKER  Plebeian  Pol.  (1795)  58,  ed.  1801 ; 
A  schoolmaster,  who  was  looked  up  to  by  his  neighbours  as  a  kind 
of '  hamel-scoance,'  or  lanthorn  of  the  village,  WAUGH  Old  Cronies 
(1875)  iii ;  Lan.1,  Chs.13 

[1.  The  hamell  of  Aynsworth  [in  Lan.],  Exam.  Cokeye 
More  (c.  1514)  in  Chetham  Soc.  (1855)  XXXVII.  u.  OFr. 
hamel,  '  hameau  '  (LA  CURNE).] 

HAMIL(T,  see  Hamald. 

HAMLET,  sb.  Yks.  [a'mlit.]  Phr.  play  Hamlet  with, 
to  play  '  the  deuce '  with  ;  to  give  one  a  '  good  blowing  up.' 

w.Yks.  Aw  cud  like  to  see  thee  wed  ta  nobbut  one,  Shoo'd  play 
Hamlet  wi'  thee,  HARTLEY  Clock  Aim.  (1874)  43  ;  Bai  gou  lad  ! 
wen  ta  gets  uam  Sel  bi  amlit  ta  plea.  Mi  muSa  plead  amlit  wi  im 
fa  stopin  at  lat  at  nit  (J.W.). 

HAMLIN,s/>.  Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.)  Also  in  form  hamlan. 
[Not  known  to  our  correspondents.]  A  cross,  wile,  trick. 

HAMMAL,  HAMMEL,  see  Hamald,  Hemmel,  sb.1 

HAMMER,  sb}-  and  v.1  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and 
Eng.  Also  in  forms  haumer  Abd. ;  hawmer  Bnff.1 ; 
hommer  Lan.  I. Ma.  s.Chs.1  nw.Der.1 ;  bomber  Shr.1 
[h)a'ma(r,  arma(r).]  1.  sb.  In  comb,  (i)  Hammer-axe, 
an  implement  with  a  hammer  on  one  side  and  an  axe  on 
the  other ;  (2)  -bate,  a  dappled  spot  on  a  horse ;  (3) 
-bleat,  the  snipe,  Gallinago  caelestis  ;  (4)  -clawed,  like  the 
claws  of  a  nail-hammer  ;  (5)  -dressed,  stone  faced  with  a 
pick  or  pointed  hammer ;  (6)  -flush,  sparks  from  an 
anvil  ;  (7)  -hay,  rough  hay  as  in  moors  or  waste  ground  ; 
(8)  -head,  a  dull,  stupid  fellow  ;  (9)  -heel,  the  portion  of  the 
face  of  the  hammer  next  the  head  ;  do)  -man,  (a)  a  black- 
smith, a  worker  in  iron,  tin,  or  other  metals ;  a  member 
of  the  blacksmiths'  guild  ;  (b)  in  coal-mining  :  see  below  ; 
(n)  -nose,  the  portion  of  the  hammer-face  opposite  the 
'  heel ' ;  (12)  -spots,  the  dappled  appearance  of  a  horse  ; 

(13)  -tacking, dawdling,  working  in  a  half-hearted  manner ; 

(14)  -thrower,  a  man  who  throws  the  sledge-hammer  in 
athletic  sports;  (15)  -toe,  a  malformation  of  the  toe. 

(i)  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1  v21  Dev-  Maister,  he's  as  full  of  hammerbates 
as  can  be,  Reports  Provinc.  (1897,.  (3)  Cum.  Na  mair  you'll  hear 
the  hammerbleats,  DICKINSON  Lit.  Rent.  (1888)  161  ;  Cum.14, 
m.Yks.1,  ne.Lan.1  14)  Nhb.1  A  tail  coat  is  still  called  a  '  hatnmer- 
claad  cwoat.'  (5)  Nhb.1,  w.Yks.  (J.W.),  nw.Der.1  (6)  Fif.  Frae 
the  blacksmith's  study  rush  Sae  thick  the  sparks  and  hammer- 
flush,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  205.  (7)  n.Yks.  That's  what  I 
call  hammer  hay  (I.W.  .  ;8)  w.Yks.5  (9)  Nhb.1  (10,  a)  Sc.  The 
hammermen  of  Edinburgh  are  to  my  mind  afore  the  warld  for 
making  stancheons,  ring-bolts  [&c.],  SCOTT  Midlothian  (1818)  xxix. 
Elg.  A  hammerman's  but  black  at  best,  TESTER  Poems  1865  i. 
Abd.  These  were  the  hammermen,  headed  by  Vulcan  sitting 
shivering  in  an  iron  car,  ANDERSON  Rhymes  (1867)  214.  Frf. 
Robert  Hepburn,  hammerman,  LOWSON  Guidfollow  (18901  265. 
Ayr.  One  Thomas  Sword,  the  deacon  of  the  hammermen,  GALT 
Gilhaize  (1823)  iv.  Gall.  He  ...  was  buried  there  in  state  by  the 
hammer-men,  which  body  would  not  permit  the  Earl  of  Selkirk  to 
lay  his  head  in  the  grave,  merely  because  his  Lordship  was  not 
one  of  their  incorporated  tribe,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  ',1824)  68,  ed. 
1876.  Dev.  The  stamping  of  this  impression  by  a  hammer  is  coining 
the  tin,  and  the  man  who  does  it  is  called  the  hammer-man,  BRAY 
Desc.  Tamarand  Tavy  ^1836)  I.  118.  ,6)  Der.  When  the  holers 
have  finished  their  operations,  a  new  set  of  men,  called  hammer- 
men, or  drivers,  enter  the  works.  These  fall,  or  force  down, 
large  masses  of  coal,  by  means  of  long  and  sharp  iron  wedges, 
GLOVER  Hist.  Der.  (1829)  I.  58.  (n)  Nhb.1  When  a  hand  hammer 
is  held  up  by  the  helve,  and  the  flat  disc  of  its  '  face '  placed 
opposite  to  the  observer,  the  upper  portion  of  the  disc  is  the  j  nose,' 
and  the  lower,  or  portion  towards  the  helve,  is  the  '  heel.'  (12) 
Nrf.  (A.G.)  (13)  nw.Dev.1  '  They've  bin  hammer-tackin'  about 
yur  all  day,  but  I  doan'  zim  they've  got  ort  to  shaw  vor't.'  '  'Ot 
b'ee  hammer-tackin'  about  yur  vor? '  1,14)  Abd.  I  have  seen  him 
do  a  feat  which  would  put  the  best  hammer-thrower  to  the  blush, 
ANDERSON  Rhymes  (1867)  194.  (15)  e.Suf.  ^F.H.) 

2.  Phr.  (i)  as  dead  as  a  hammer,  quite  dead  ;  (2)  hammer 
and  block,  (3)  — ,  block,  and  Bible,  (4)  — ,  block,  and  study, 
a  boys'  game  ;  see  below  ;  (5)  —  and  pincers,  (6)  —  and 
pinsons,  the  noise  made  by  a  horse  when  the  hind-leg 
strikes  the  fore-leg  ;  (7)  —  and  tongs,  (a)  high  words  ;  also 
in  phr.  to  go  at  a  thing  hammer  and  tongs,  to  dispute  or  do 
violently ;  (b)  curling  term  ;  see  below ;  (8)  the  hammer 
of  it,  the  pith  of  a  message  ;  the  principal  cause  of  any- 
thing ;  (9)  to  go  at  a  thing  hammer  and  pinsons,  to  set 
about  a  thing  with  determination  and  force. 

(i)  n.Cy.  (J.W.)  Lan.  As  deed  as  a  hommer,  LAYCOCK  Sngs. 
(1866)  32  Brks.1 1  chucked  my  stick  at  that  ther  rat  an'  killed  un 
as  '  dead  as  a  hammer.'  (2)  Abd.  At  the  '  Hammer  and  the  Block' 
deal  mony  a  sturdy  blow,  CADENHEAD  Bon  Accord  (1853)  189;  One 
boy  had  to  prostrate  himself  on  his  hands  and  knees,  with  his  pos- 




teriors  protruding,  while  four  boys  took  another  boy,  one  at  each 
arm,  and  one  at  each  leg,  and  bearing  him,  with  his  face  upward, 
used  him  as  a  battering-ram  against  the  other  boy,  posteriors  to 
posteriors.  It  was  a  punishment  rather  than  a  game  ;  but,  when 
not  carried  to  an  extreme,  created  a  deal  of  rather  cruel  fun  (W.C.). 
Lan.  Another  party  engaged  in  the  games  of  ...  hop-scotch, 
hammer  and  block,  THORNBER  Hist.  Blackpool  (1837)  90 ;  Those 
glorious  English  games  of  cricket,  '  hammer  and  block,'  BRIERLEY 
Irkdale  (1865)  67,  ed.  1868.  (3)  N.I.1  Each  of  the  three  objects  is 
represented  by  a  boy.  (4)  Gall.  A  fellow  lies  on  all  fours,  this  is 
the  block ;  one  steadies  him  before,  this  is  the  study  [anvil]  ;  a 
third  is  made  a  hammer  of,  and  swung  by  the  boys  against  the 
block,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (,1834)  253,  ed.  1876.  (5)  Cum.  (M.P.), 
w.Yks.  (W.C.S.),  w.Yks.',  Chs.13,  Nhp.1  (6)  n-Lln.1  (7,  a)  Ayr. 
They  would  go  at  it  again,  hammer  and  tangs,  for  anither  hour, 
SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  xxii.  w.Yks.  Hlfx.  Courier  (May 
8,  1897).  Chs. '  'Falling  out  hammer  and  tongs'  is  a  very  common 
expression;  Chs.8  Nhp.1  When  a  person  is  relating  his  falling 
out  with  some  one,  it  is  common  to  say  among  the  lower  orders, 
'  Oh,  we  got  up  to  hammer  and  tongs.'  War.3  '  They  went  at  it 
hammer  and  tongs,'  they  scolded  each  other  unceasingly.  Also 
used  as  equivalent  to  rough,  unscientific  fighting.  Oxf.1  MS.  add. 
Sus.,  Hmp.  '  To  live  hammer  and  tongs  '  is  said  of  married  people 
who  seldom  agree,  HOLLOWAY.  (b)  Abd.,  Per.  At  curling  a  common 
order  is,  '  Come  up  an'  gi'e  this  stane  hammer  and  tangs'  (G.W.). 
(8)  Ess.  Ay,  that's  the  hammer  on't  (C.W.D.).  (9)  Shr.1  The 
constable  parted  'em  wunst,  but  they  watchen  'im  away,  an'  then 
wenten  'omber  an'  pinsons  at  it  again. 

3.  A  blow  with  a  hammer. 

Frf.  I  decided  to  gang  oot  an'  gie't  a  hammer  on,  WILLOCK 
Rosetty  Ends  (1886)  37,  ed.  1889. 

4.  The  fist ;  a  blow  with  the  fist ;  also  in  phr.  the  hammer 
o'  death. 

w.Yks.1  When  a  person  is  quarrelling  with  another,  whom  he 
wishes  to  intimidate,  he  will  hold  up  his  fist  in  a  menacing  attitude, 
and  say,  '  See,  here's  t'hammer  o'deeoth.'  ne.Lan.1  e.Suf.  To 
give  one  a  hammer  (F.H.). 

5.  Clumsy,  noisy  walking  or  working ;  a  clumsy,  noisy 
person  or  worker. 

Bnff.1  The  hawmer  he  keeps  up  an'  doon  the  chaamer's  nae 
bearable.  Ayr.  My  bonie  maid,  before  ye  wed  Sic  clumsy- 
wilted  hammers,  BURNS  Willie  Chalmers,  st.  5. 

6.  v.   To  thrash  ;  to  beat  continuously  with  a  stick. 

Sc.  (A.W. )  Nhb.  Wor  sowldiers  hammered  the  beggars.  Come 
on,  aa'll  hammer  aall  the  three  on  ye  (R.O.H.) ;  Nhb.1  n.Yks.  Ah 
hammered  him  weel  (T.S.).  e.Yks.  Next  tahm  he  diz  it,  Ah'll  ham- 
mer him  weel,  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  (1889)  26  ;  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.  He 
hammered  David  for  long  enough,  Eng.  Illns.  Mag.  (Mar.  1896) 
592 ;  w.Yks.2  A  boy  said  to  his  schoolfellow,  '  Which  o'  thee  and 
me  can  hammer? '  i.e.  fight  best.  Lan.  They're  hardly  a  lad  i'  o' 
th'  village  bur  what  Bobby  had  hommert  oather  at  one  toime  or 
another,  MELLOR  Mick  Owdem  (1867"!  8.  m.Lan.1  I.Ma.  Had  to 
hommer  him — that  was  all,  BROWN  Indiaman  (1889)  149.  s.Chs.1 
Ahy)l  om-ur  yn  iv  ahy)kn  gy'et  uwt  u  yu  [Til  hommer  y6  if  I  con 
get  howl  o'  yO].  ^  Not.'  Lei.1  '  Did  you  hear  me  talk  about  ham- 
mering anyone  t '  asked  by  a  prisoner  on  trial  for  shooting  a  toll- 
keeper.  Oxf.  (G.O.),  Hnt  (T.P.F. 

Hence  Hammering,  sb.  a  thrashing. 

Sc.  Gi'e  ower,  ye  loons,  wi'  throwin'  stanes.  Or  haith  ye's  get 
a  hammerin',  VEDDER  Poems  (1842)  119.  Yks.  (J.W.)  Lan.  Yo 
desarved  a  good  hommerin'  .  .  .  for  usin"  a  poor  chap  so,  WOOD 
Hum.  Sketches,  6.  Midi.  Ye'll  remember  the  hammering  Exeter 
gev  him,  BARTRAM  People  of  Clapton  (1897)  53.  War.3  He  gave 
me  such  a  hammering  <,E.S.).  Oxf.  (G.O.],  e.Suf.  (F.H.} 

7.  Phr.  hammered  up,  at  a  loss  for  words. 

w.Ykm.8  A  bashful  and  very  nervous  young  man  gets  into  a 
bonnet-shop  somehow  (say  during  a  shower),  and  is  •  hammer' d 
up  clean,'  finding  himself  in  that  most  interesting  predicament  of 
having  nothing  to  say  ! 

8.  To  practise  laboriously  ;  to  labour. 

Nhb.  Aw  hammer  on  till  efternuin  Wi'  weary  byens  and  empty 
wyem,  WILSON  Pitman's  Pay  (1843)  9.  Lan.  Don  yo'  know  the 
time  th'  owd  lad's  hommerin'  at  ?  Longman's  Mag.  'Apr.  1897)553. 

9.  To  walk  or  work  in  a  noisy,  clumsy  way  ;  to  stumble. 
Cal.1     Bnff.1  '  The  muckle  fabrick  o'  a  cheel  cam  hawmerin'  ben 

the  fleer,  an'  knockit  our  the  bairn.'  •  He  wiz  hawmerin'  wee  a 
spawd  at  the  back  o'  a  dyke.'  Abd.  Aw  haumer't  into  the  kitchie 
upp'  the  mistress  an'  him  spcakin',  ALEXANDER  Johnny  Gibb  (1871) 
xvL  Ayr.  Stumpin  on  his  ploughman's  shanks,  He  in  the  parlour 
haminer'd,  BURNS  Interview  with  Dacre  st.  4. 

Hence  (i)  Hawmerer,  sb.  a  big,  awkward  person,  with 
unwieldy  feet ;  one  who  is  clumsy  and  noisy  at  work  ;  (a) 
Hawmerin,  ppl.  adj.  big  and  clumsy. 

Bnff.1  (i)  [One]  who  makes  much  noise  in  walking,  and  is  apt 
to  trample  on  what  comes  in  the  way.  (a)  He's  a  hawmerin' 
cheel.  A  cudna  bide  the  sicht  o'  'im  aboot  the  toon  for  a  servan. 

HAMMER,  sb*  Sh.I.  Also  in  form  haamar.  A  large 
mass  of  stone  or  rock  jutting  out,  gen.  from  the  side 
of  a  hill. 

There  was  scarcely  a  spot  that  was  not  called  by  some  appro- 
priate name  of  Norse  origin,  such  beautifully  characteristic  names 
as  ...  Gulla  Hammar  (the  yellow  rocks),  SPENCE  Fit-Lore  ( 1 899 ) 
176  :  JAKOBSEN  Dial.  1897)  80 ;  S.  &  Ork.1 

[ON.  hamarr,  a  hammer-shaped  crag  (ViorussoN).] 

HAMMER,  v.3  Sc.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Yks.  Lin.  [h)a-ma(r.] 
To  stammer,  hesitate  in  speaking. 

Sc.  (.A.W.),  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Aw  hammer'd  out  some  lyem  excuse, 
WILSON  Pitman's  Pay  (1843)  49.  n.Yks.1  The  two  words  hammerand 
stammer  are  frequently  joined  together  in  use;  n.Yks.24,  e.Yks.1, 
m.Yks.1,  w.Yks.1,  aLin.1 

HAMMER-BAND,  sb.  Cum.  A  manner  of  yoking: 
used  attrib. ;  also  usedyfg'. 

Cum.1  Uphill  work,  constant  pull  on  the  shoulders.  In  old 
times  the  horse  was  yoked  to  the  cart  by  ropes  from  the  shoulders 
to  iron  or  willow  or  hazel  rings  sliding  on  the  shafts,  held  by 
a  pin.  This  was  hammer-band  yoking  ;  Cum.4  Obs.  Noironstaps, 
nor  shoulder  links,  For  all  had  hammer  bands,  Carlisle  Pair.  ( May 
13,  1870). 

HAMMERGAG,  v.  and  sb.  Der.  Not.  Wor.  Suf.  Also 
in  form  ammergag  s.Not.  w.Wor.1  [a'magag.]  1.  v. 
To  stammer,  speak  with  difficulty.  Der.2,  Not.8 

2.  To  scold  ;  to  argue. 

s.Not.  Yer  can't  get  away  frum  'im  ;  'e'll  stand  ammergagging 
for  a  hour  (J.P.K.).  w.Wor.1  'Ow  'im  an"  er  do  quar'l,  to  be 
sure.  You  can  "ear  'em  thraow  the  wall,  'ammergaggin'  awaay 
from  marnin'  till  night. 

3.  sb.    A  boisterous  noise.    e.Suf.  (F.H.) 
HAMMERGAW,  v.    Sc.    To  argue  pertinaciously. 
Ayr.  Ye  may  spend  the  evening  o'  your  days  in  lown  felicity; 

and  hammergaw  frae  morning  to  night  wi'  the  advocates  about 
corn-laws.  GALT  Lairds  ^1826;  xxxv. 

HAMMER-SCAPPLE,  sb.  Obs.  n.Cy.  Yks.  A  nig- 
gardly person  who  attempts  to  drive  a  hard  bargain. 
n.Cy.  HOLLOWAY.  w.Yks.15 

HAMMER Y,  sb.  Cum.  [Not  known  to  our  corre- 
spondents.] People  who  live  by  working  with  the 
hammer;  used  attrib. 

Carlisle  possesses  eight  craft  guilds,  namely,  the  Weavers,  the 
Smiths,  &c.,  or  all  that  live  by  the  Hammery  Art,  FERGUSON  Hisl. 
Cum.  1890;  xiii. 

HAMMICK,  see  Hommock. 

HAMMIL,  v.  Chs.  [a'mil,  ami.]  To  ill-treat,  abuse  ; 
to  overwork. 

s.Chs.  God  Awmighty 's  hammil'd  me,  DARLINGTON  Ruth,  i.  21  ; 
s.Chs.1  A  henpecked  husband  was  said  to  be  'Aanvildwidhizweyf' 
[hammiled  with  his  weife]. 

Hence  Hammilled,  ppl.  adj.  ill-treated,  abused. 

s.Chs.1  An  overworked  servant  maid  is  called  '  a  poor  hammilled 

[OE.  hamelian,  to  maim,  mutilate  (Chron.).} 

HAMMIL,  see  Hummel,  adj. 

HAMMIT,  adj.  Sc.  (JAM.)  Also  in  form  hammot. 
[Not  known  to  our  correspondents.]  Plentiful ;  used  of 
corn  growing  close,  but  short  in  the  straw  ;  also  applied 
to  corn  with  many  grains  on  one  stalk,  or  of  potatoes 
growing  thickly  on  one  stem. 

[Dan.  dial,  hantmel,  yielding,  productive,  fruitful,  used 
of  corn  having  many  grains;  hammelt  (adv.)  (MOLBECH).] 

HAMMOCK,  sb.1    Sc.    [ha'mak.]  A  bed.  Also  usedyfc. 

Sc.  Mony  a  crone  was  laid  on  her  last  hammack,  For  want  o' 
eggs,  to  fill  her  cravin'  stamack,  STEWART  Character  (1857)  188. 
Elg.  I'll  e'en  pop  in  my  hammock,  TESTER  Poems  (1865)  130. 
Abd.  She  warms  them  weel,  an'  pits  them  to  their  hammock. 
BEATTIE  Parings  (1801)  37,  ed.  1873.  Rnf.  Lord  .  .  .  bless  thee 
.  .  .  Wi'  couthy  wife  and  cozie  hammock,  WEBSTER  Rhymes 
(1835)  108. 

HAMMOCK,  s6.2  e.Suf.  The  fist :  a  blow  with  the 
fist.  (F.H.)  See  Hammer,  sb.1  4. 



HAMMOCK,  HAMMUT,  see  Hommock,  Emmet. 

HAMMY,  sb.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Also  written  hammie  N.Cy.1 
[ha'mi.]  1.  A  sheepish,  cowardly  person. 

N.Cy.1      Nhb.  Tho'  Gurty  sairly  run  her  rig,  An'  shameful  used 
her  Hammy,  ROBSON  Evangeline  (1870)  353 ;  Nhb.1 
2.  A  cock  that  will  not  fight.     N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1 

HAMP,  sb.1     Obs.     Yks.    A  kind  of  smock-frock. 

n.Yks.  Gin  Hob  mun  hae  nowght  but  a  hardin'  hamp,  He'll 
coom  nae  mair,  nowther  to  berry  nor  stamp.  .  .  Obs.  forty  years 
ago.  .  .  The  hamp  was  a  smockfrock-Hke  article  of  raiment, 
gathered  in  somewhat  about  the  middle,  and  coming  some  little 
way  below  the  knee,  ATKINSON  Maori.  Parish  (1891)  56;  n.Yks.1 
A  hamp  and  a  hood  !  Then  Hobbie  again  '11  dee  nae  mair  good. 

[Dan.    dial,  hempe,  a  peasant's   frock,   '  toga  rustica ' 


HAMP,  v.  and  sb.2  Sc.  Lan.  Won  Also  in  forms 
haumpe  Lan. ;  omp  Won  [hamp.]  1.  v.  To  halt  in 
walking ;  to  limp.  Cf.  himp,  v. 

Twd.  (JAM.)  Lan.  Trans.  Phil.  Soc.  (1858)  160.  s.Wor.  A  cow 
as  omped  along  on  three  legs,  Vig.  Man.  in  Berrow's  Jrn.  (1896). 

2.  To  stammer,  speak  or  read  hesitatingly. 

Cld.,  Lth.  (JAM.)  Rxb.  Ye  mind  auld  stories  I  can  hamp  but 
at,  A.  SCOTT  Poems  (ed.  1808)  31  ;  If  ye  'bout  it  hamp  and  hay  .  .  . 
ye  soon  will  fin'  A  wilfu'  man  maun  hae  his  way,  RIDDELL  Poet. 
Wks.  (ed.  1871)  I.  5.  Gall.  How  it  came,  I  scarce  can  tell,  I  learnt 
a  wee  to  hamp  an'  spell,  LAUDERDALE  Poems  (1796)  80. 

Hence  Hamper,  sb.  one  who  cannot  read  fluently.  Cld. 

3.  sb.    A  halt  in  walking.    Twd.  (JAM.) 

4.  A  stutter. 

Slk.  He  got  through  the  saxteenth  o'  Romans  without  a  hamp, 
HOGG  Tales  (1838)  366,  ed.  1865. 

HAMPER,  sb.  Chs.1  [a'mpa(r).]  A  measure  of  six 

Apples,  pears,  plums,  damsons,  and  gooseberries  are  generally 
sold  wholesale  by  the  hamper.  So  also  are  potatoes,  especially 
new  potatoes,  which  are  always  sent  to  market  in  these  hampers. 
.  .  .  Each  hamper  holds  half  a  load  of  potatoes,  that  is  six  pecks 
or  scores  of  twenty-one  pounds  to  the  score  (a  long  score  1. 

HAMPER,  v.1  Sc.  Yks.  Chs.  Den  Not.  Lin.  Lei.  War. 
Shr.  Glo.  Oxf.  Brks.  e.An.  Ken.  Wil.  Som.  Also  in  forms 
amper  Wil. ;  homper  Not.1  War.2 ;  omper  Lei.1  Oxf.1 
[h)a'mpa(r,  se'mpslr).]  1.  To  hinder,  impede  ;  to  em- 
barrass, burden ;  to  puzzle;  frcq.  in  pp.  In  gen.  colloq.  use. 

Gall.  For  topling  clubs,  Oh  !  let  them  be,  Or  Sawny  lad,  ye'll 
hamper  me,  LAUDERDALE  Poems  (1796  82.  n.Yks.1  ;  n.Yks.4 
Ah've  been  hampered  wi'  all  maks  an"  manders  o'  things,  in. Yks.1 
Chs.1  To  burden  with  debt.  Not.1  n.Lin.1  She  can't  go  oot  taatie 
pickin',  she's  so  hamper'd  wi'  bairns.  I'm  well  enif  if  it  warn't 
for  this  here  cough  that  hampers  me.  Lei.1  Mr.  —  is  a  streenge 
person,  a  doos  'omper  one  so.  Shr.1  God  'elp  the  poor  66man — 
'er'll  be  despertly  'ompered  60th  them  two  twins.  Glo.  BAYLIS 
Illus.  Dial.  (1870).  Oxf.1 'Er 'usband's  dead  and  left  her  hampered 
wi'  six  children,  MS.  add.  e.An.1  I  'ont  be  hampered  up  along  o' 
you.  Nrf.  I'm  hampered  to  get  hold  of  my  breath,  COZENS-HARDY 
Broad  Nrf.  (1893)  88.  e.Suf.  He's  hampered  to  get  his  breath 
(F.H.).  Ess.  Who  are  in  the  warld  well  to  do,  They  onny  shud 
ha'  cubs;  Who's  nut,  lore!  how  he's  hampered  up,  CLARK  J.Noakes 
(1839)  st-  T9-  Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892). 

Hence  (i)  Hamper,  sb.  confusion,  entanglement;  per- 
plexity ;  (2)  Hampered,  ppl.  adj.  beset  with  difficulties  ; 
harassed,  troubled  ;  (3)  Hamperment,  sb.,  see  (i). 

(i)  Ess.  An  entangled  skein  is  said  to  be  '  all  in  a  hamper '  ;  as 
'That's  in  sich  a  hamper,  I  shall  niver  git  it  out  no  more'  (W.W.S.). 
n.Wil.  When  the  horses  in  a  team  get  all  into  confusion,  or  a  ball 
of  string  is  in  a  harl,  this  would  be  a  case  of '  aal  in  a  hamper ' 
(G.E.D.).  (a)  n.Yks.1  ;  n.Yks.2  '  A  sair  hamper  d  family,'  borne 
down  with  difficulties,  w. Yks.  Troubled  with  (as  toothache)  (J.T.). 
nw-Der.1,  War."  (3)  Glo.1,  n.Wil.  (G.E.D.) 

2.  To  hesitate.    e.Suf.  (F.H.) 

3.  To  infest  with  vermin  ;  to  choke  with  dirt.  Gen.  in  pp. 
n.Yks.12  ;  n.Yks.4  Them  to'nips  leeak  a  bit  hampered  wi'  t'fly. 

m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  We're  sairly  hampered  wi'  rats,  Yks.  Wkly.  Post 
(1883).  Chs.1  Yo  never  seed  sitch  a  place  i'  your  loif,  it  were  aw 
hampered  up  wi  dirt. 

4.  To  injure,  disarrange,  throw  out  of  gear. 

Oxf.1  A  lock  is  said  to  be  '  hampered '  when  out  of  repair  so 
that  the  key  cannot  work   it,  MS.    add.     Brks.1     Ken.  (G.B.); 
Ken.1  The  door  is  hampered.     Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892). 

6.  To  coerce ;  to  bridle  a  colt  for  the  first  time. 
w.Som.1  Aay  boa-ut  dhik  poa  nee  au-1  ruuf,  uvoaT  u  wuz  uvur 
u-aam-purd  [I  bought  that  pony  in  a  wild  state,  before  he  was  ever 
bridled].    Ees !  un  u  puurdee  jau-b  wee-d  u-gau  't  vur  tu  aam  -pur-n ! 
[Yes  !  and  a  pretty  job  we  had  to  bridle  him  !] 

6.  To  punish  by  legal  procedure. 

w.Yks.  They  could  be  hampered  forsellinglottery-tickets(S.K.C.). 

7.  Comp.  Hamper-logged,  overborne,  persuaded. 

War.  B'ham  Wkly.  Post  (June  10,  1893)  ;  War.2  A  witness  at 
a  late  assize  at  Warwick  used  this  word  in  the  sense  of  being 
overborne  or  persuaded  by  his  wife,  saying  that  he  was  '  quite 
hamper-logged  by  her.' 

HAMPER,  v.2    Yks.  Der.    [a-mpa(r).]    To  beat. 

^w.Yks.1 ;  w.Yks.5  Bin  hampering  thuh  agean? — wah  thah  sud 
'a' hamper'd  him  then— mun,  thah's  bigherniff  to  heit  him !  nw.Der.1 

HAMPER-CLOT,  sb.  n.Cy.  [Not  known  to  our  corre- 
spondents.] A  ploughman.  (HALL.) 

HAMPEROR,  sb.    w.Wor.1    A  hamper. 

HAMPHIS,  v.  Obs.  Sc.  To  surround  ;  to  hem  in,  to 

Sc.  Agast  the  Sothroun  stood  astound,  Syne  hamphised  him, 
pele-mele,  ane  and  a',  JAMIESON  Pop.  Ballads  (1806)  II.  175.  Abd. 
Out  gush'd  her  eyn  .  .  .  Sae  hamphis'd  was  she  atween  glee  and 
wae,  Ross  Helenore  (1768)  67,  ed.  1812;  A  band  of  Keltrin 
hamphis'd  all  our  braes,  ib.  109. 

HAMPLE-TREE,  sb.  Hrt.  e.An.  Also  in  form  hamel-. 
[ae'mpl-tri.]  The  bar  by  which  a  horse  draws  a  plough 
or  carriage.  Gen.  in  pi. 

Hrt.  ELLIS  Mod.  Hush.  (1750)  I.  141.     e.An.12 

HAMPOT,  sb.  Shr.  Also  in  form  ampot.  [ae'mpst.] 
A  hamper. 

Shr.1  Poor  Dick  6od  think  it  a  poor  Chris'mas  if  'e  didna  'ave 
'is  ampot ;  Shr.2 

HAMRACH,  see  Hamburgh. 

HAMREL,  sb.  Sc.  An  awkward  person  ;  one  who 
stumbles  often  in  walking. 

Abd.  Ye  never  saw  sic  a  hamrel  as  oor  laddie  is  ;  yesterday  he 
fell  owre  my  honey  pig  an'  brak  it  a'  to  smash.  Not  uncommon 
(G.W.).  Slk.  (JAM.) 

HAM-SAM,  adv.  Dun  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan.  Also 
written  hamm-samm  Wm.  &  Cum.1 ;  and  in  forms  ham- 
scram  Wm. ;  him-sani  Dur.  [h)a'm-sam.]  Irregularly, 
confusedly  ;  hastily  ;  in  confusion  or  disorder. 

Dur.  'Re  mixt  up  ham-sam  wu  frosks,  dockers  'n'  eels,  EGGLE- 
STONE  Betty  Podkin's  Lett.  (1877)9;  GIBSON  Up-Weardale  Gl. 
(1870).  s.Dur.  Things  was  all  thrawn  in  ham-sam  (J.E.D.).  Cum. 
She'd  pack't  them  [clothes]  eh  sec  a  hurry,  teuh,  at  they  wur  oa 
ham-sam,  SARGISSON  Joe  Scoap  (1881)  ir;  Gl.  (1851);  Cum.4 
Wm.  &  Cum.1  An"  sat  hamm-samm  togither,  201.  Wm.  Then 
reayvc  their  clwoaks  to  screeds  ham-scram,  WHITEHEAD  Leg.  (1859) 
8,  ed.  1896  ;  He  put  his  tools  in  his  box  ham-sam  (B.K.).  n.Yks. 
He  went  at  t'wark  ham-sam  (T.W.);  n.Yks.34  m. Yks.1  To  lay 
anything  hamsam,  is  to  heap  together.  n.Lan.1,  ne.Lan.1 

HAMSH,  v.  Sc.  In  form  humsh  Abd.  To  eat  noisily 
and  hastily  or  in  a  voracious  manner.  See  Hanch,  v.  2. 

Sc.  (JAM. )  Abd.  Common.  '  Ye  sudna  humsh  up  yer  sweeties 
that  wye  ;  gie  them  time  to  melt  i'  ye  mou' '  (G.W.).  Ags.  (JAM.) 
Per.  Well  known.  '  Hamsh  yer  apple'  (G.W.). 

HAMSHACKLE,  v.  Sc.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Yks.  Lan.  Nhp.  War. 
Also  in  form  homschackle  e.Lan.1  [h)a'mjakl.]  To 
fasten  the  head  of  an  animal  to  one  of  its  fore-legs  to  pre- 
vent its  straying  ;  also  usedyzg-. 

Sc.  Some  job  that  would  hamshackle  him  at  least  until  the 
Courts  rose,  SCOTT  Redg.  (1824)  i.  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1,  n.Yks.14, 
ne.Yks.1,  Lan.',  Nhp.1,  War.3 

Hence  Homshackled,  ppl.  adj.  fettered  by  having  the 
head  tied  to  the  fore-leg.  e.Lan.1 

HAMSHOCH,  sb.  and  adj.  Sc.  Also  written  ham- 
schoch,  -shogh  QAM.)  ;  and  in  forms  hamsheugh,  haum- 
shoch  Sc.  [ha'nifax-]  1-  sb.  A  sprain  or  contusion  in 
the  leg;  a  severe  bruise,  esp.  when  accompanied  by  a 
wound;  a  severe  laceration  of  the  body.  Fif.,  Ayr.  QAM.) 
2.  A  misfortune,  an  untoward  accident ;  a  disturbance. 
Sc.  The  hamsheughs  were  very  great  until  auld  uncle  Rabby 
came  into  redd  them,  GRAHAM  Writings  (1883)  II.  16.  Knr.  Wat 
ye  na  that  we're  gaun  straught  the  gate  we  pactioned  about,  afore 
thir  hamshoghs  dang  a'  our  plans  heels-o'er-head?  St.  Patrick 
(1819)  II.  77  JAM.). 





8.  A  harsh  and  unmannerly  intermeddling  in  any  busi- 
ness.    Fif.  OAM.) 

4.  adj.    Much  bruised,  often   referring  to  a  contusion 
accompanied  with  a  wound,     (ib.) 

5.  Severe,  censorious,  as  applied  to  critics. 

Sc.  Thae  haumshoch  bodies  o'  critics  get  up  wi'  sic  lang-nebbit 
gallehooings,  Edb.  Mag.  (Apr.  1821)  351  (JAM.).  Ayr.  (ib.} 

HAMSTERS,  sb.  pi.  Lan.  [a'mstaz.]  A  kind  of  knee- 
breeches  ;  lit.  a  covering  for  the  '  hams.' 

His  hamsters  of  dark  kerseymere,  grey  at  the  knees,  BAM  FORD 
Radical  (1840)  I.  51  •;  Wi'  stockins  deawn,  unteed  his  shoon,  His 
hamsters  loosely  hung,  RIDINGS  Muse  (1845)  6  ;  Lan.1 

HAMSTRAM,  sb.    Sc.     Difficulty. 

Abd.  Wi'  great  hamstram  they  thriml'd  thro'  the  thrang,  Ross 
Helenore  (1768)  94,  ed.  1812. 

HAN,  sb.  Obs.  w.Yks.1  The  sound  made  by  men 
while  cleaving  wood. 

[Fr.  han,  the  groan,  or  forced,  and  sigh-like  voice,  where- 
with wood-cleavers,  &c.  keep  time  to  their  strokes  (COTGR.).] 

HANBURY,  see  Anbury. 

HANBY,aa^'.  n.Cy.  [Not  known  to  our  correspondents.] 
Wanton,  unruly.  HOLLOWAY. 

HANCE,  v.  Not.  Rut.  Lei.  Also  written  hanse  Lei.1 
[ans,  sens.  |  To  give  one  '  handsel '  or  earnest-money. 

Not.1,  Rut.1     Lei.'  I  hope,  ma'am,  you'll  hance  me. 

HANCER,  see  Heronsew. 

HANCH,  sk1  Som.  Dev.  Also  written  anch  Dev.  [aenj.] 
The  upright  part  of  a  gate  to  which  the  hinges  are  attached. 

w.Som.1  Thick  piece'll  mak  a  very  good  head,  but  he  id'n  stiff 
enough  for  a  hanch.  We  be  bound  vor  to  drow  another  piece  o' 
oak  vor  zome  more  gate-stuff.  There's  a  plenty  o'  larras  a-cut 
out,  but  we  be  short  o'  heads  an'  lan'shez]  hanches.  Dev.  Some- 
times called  the '  hanging  head.'  '  Some  larch  lars  and  oak  anches 
will  last  as  long  as  anything,'  Reports  Provinc.  (1883)  86. 

Hence  Ranching,  56.  carpentering  term  :  the  part  left 
outside  the  end  mortices  in  the  side  of  a  door,  sash,  or 
other  frame. 

w.Som.1  The  sarsh  was  too  long  ;  vore  he'd  fit,  fo'ced  to  cut 
away  all  the  hanching. 

HANCH,  v.  and  sb?  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan. 
Chs.  Stf.  Nhp.  War.  Glo.  Oxf.  Wil.  Som.  Dev.  Also  written 
hansh  n.Lan.1  Chs.1 ;  and  in  forms  ansh  e.Lan.1 ;  aunch 
Stf.2:  haunch  Nhb.1  Nhp.1  Glo.12  Oxf.1;  haunshSc.  (JAM.) 
[h)anj,  aenj,  ijnf.]  1.  v.  To  bite,  snap  at  with  the  teeth 
as  a  dog  does.  Also  used  fig. 

Sc.  Esp.  applied  to  the  action  of  a  dog,  when  seizing  anything 
thrown  to  him,  and  apparently  including  the  idea  of  the  noise 
made  by  his  jaws  when  he  snaps  at  it  (JAM.) ;  A  number  greedily 
haunsht  at  the  argument,  BAILLIE  Lett.  (,1776^  I.  200  (ib.).  Ant. 
Ballymena  Obs.  (1892).  Nhb.  (J.M.M.) ;  Nhb.1  He  fair  (launched 
at  me.  The  dog  haunched  at  me.  Cum.  T'policeman  pot  t'beuck 
up  lull  his  gob,  an  hancht  it,  as  if  he  was  gaan  teh  tak  a  lump  oot 
on't,  SARGISSON  Joe  Scoap  (1881)  37  ;  Cum.4  Also  to  threaten  to 
bite  as  does  a  really  good-natured  horse.  'Quiet  will  ta!  hanchin 
on  like  that.'  n.Yks.  (I.W.);  (T.S.)  ne.Yks.1  That  dog  o' yours 
hanched  at  ma  when  ah  tried  ti  clap  him.  e.Yks.  Dog  hansht  at 
im,  buod  e  cuodn't  ger  'od  on  im  [the  dog  snatched  at  him,  but  he 
could  not  get  hold  of  him]  (Miss  A.) ;  e.Yks.1  Lan.  No  bitin' ! 
Anybody  ut  hanches  shall  have  a  tooth  drawn  1  BRIERLEY  Cast 
upon  World  (1886;  36;  Yerin  'em  hanch  an'  arre  at  us,  CLEGG 
Sketches  (1895)  397 ;  At  Bolton  the  word  is  in  common  use  ;  in 
use  in  Preston  and  Ashton-under-Lyne,  but  not  so  common  as  it 
was  (S.W.)  ;  DAVIES  Races  (1856)  275;  Lan.1,  n.Lan.1,  e.Lan.1 
Chs.1  If  a  dog's  mad,  he'll  hansh  at  anything  that's  near  him. 
s.Chs.1  Ahy  du)nO  lahykith  looks  fi  dhaaf  dog  ;  ey  aan-sht  aaf 
mi  veri  saavich  jus  dhen  [I  dunna  like  th'  looks  o'  that  dog  ;  he 
hanshed  at  me  very  savage  jus'  then]. 

Hence  (i)  Hanch-apple,  sb.  the  game  of  '  snap-apple ' ; 
see  below  ;  fa)  Hanching-night,  so.  Halloween. 

(i)  Lan.  DAVIES  Races  (18561  275;  Lan.1  The  game  of  snap- 
apple,  which  consists  in  biting  at  an  apple  floating  in  water  or 
suspended  by  a  cord.  It  is  usually  played  at  Halloween,  (a) 
Cum.*  Hanchin'  neet  takes  its  name  from  the  game  of '  Bob-apple,' 
when  with  hands  behind  the  back,  the  players  hanched  at  an  apple 
suspended  from  the  ceiling  by  a  string. 
2.  To  eat  greedily  or  voraciously  as  a  dog  or  pig  does. 

Slk.  (JAM.  i  Gall.  To  eat  like  a  swine,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824) 
252,  ed.  1876  ;  His  sillar  up  in  meat  he'd  hanch,  ib.  135. 

Hence  Hanshun,  sb.  a  savage  grunt ;  a  greedy  way  of 
feeding  like  a  pig.  Nhb.1 

3.  To  seize,  snatch  ;  to  take  hold  of  roughly ;  to  handle 
roughly  or  unkindly. 

ne.Yks.1  m.Yks.1  What  are  ye  hanching  and  clicking  at,  there? 
If  thou  hanches  in  that  way,  I'll — !  Stf.2  Dunner  Onsh  dhat  babi 
adhatnz  ;  puor  litl  thing. 

Hence  Aunching,  ppl.  adj.  unkindly  treated  or  handled. 

Stf.2  Wei,  iz  weifs  betar  of  na  arz  jed,  far  ar  ad  a  Onshin  loif 
wi  im. 

4.  Of  a  cow  or  bull :  to  thrust  or  gore  with  the  horns. 
e.Yks.1  Bull  hanch'd  at  ma  wiv  his  hoorns,  bud  Ah  got  oot  of  his 

way.  Nhp.1  When  a  cow  has  been  tossing  a  beast,  it  is  said  'she 
has  been  haunching  it.'  If  a  person  were  gored  to  death  by  a  beast, 
it  would  be  said,  'He's  got  haunched.'  War.  (J.R.W.),  Glo.12 
Oxf.1  If  dhee  guost  in  aa'wuld  Dan'l  Braa-ynz  klaaws  iz  buol  ul 
au'rnch  dhu  [If  thee  gu'st  in  awuld  Dan'l  Braain's  claaos.  'is  bull 
'll'aunch  tha].  Wil.1  n.  Wil.  Common  (E.H.G.).  Som.W.  &  J. 
Gl.  (1873).  w.Som.1  Less  commonly  used  than  horch  (q.v.).  Dev.3 

5.  sb.   A  voracious  snap  or  snatch ;  an  attempt  to  bite 
from  behind. 

Sc.  (JAM.)     N.I.1  The  dog  made  a  hanch  at  me.     n.Yks.* 

[1.  Som  hanchyd  of  the  heued,  Wars  Alex.  (c.  1450)  774. 
Fr.  hancher,  to  snatch  at  with  the  teeth  (COTGR.).] 

HANCHMAN,  see  Henchman. 

HANCHUM-SCRANSHUM,  sb.  Lin.  Also  written 
anshum-  n.Lin.1  [a'nfam-skranjam.]  Bewilderment,  con- 
fusion, disorder.  Also  used  attrib. 

A  scramble  for  food  at  a  table  where  there  is  a  scarcity ; 
any  scene  of  confusion,  THOMPSON  Hist.  Boston  (1856;  698  ;  Lin.1 
Provisions  were  scarce,  and  to  get  at  it  I  never  saw  such  hanchum- 
scranshum  work  in  my  life.  n.Lin.1  Ther'  was  a  deal  o'  anshum- 
scranshum  wark  at  Smith's  saale  along  o'  th'  auksoneer  not  causin' 
foSks  to  stan'  e*  a  ring. 

HANCLE,  sb.  Sc.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Also  written  hankie  Sc. 
[ha'rjkl.]  A  handful ;  a  great  deal,  considerable  quantity 
or  amount.  See  Hantle. 

Sc.  Just  like  a  hankie  folks,  they  think  they're  right  enough  if 
they  go  to  kirk  on  Sunday,  CALDER  Presbyt.  Eloq.  (1694)  155,  ed. 
1847.  n-Cy.  (W.T.),  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1 

HAND,  sb.  and  v.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  Eng.  and 
Amer.  Also  in  forms  an-  Nhp.1  Oxf.1  Dev. ;  haand  Sh.I. ; 
han  Sc.  QAM.)  Cai.1  N.I.1  Nhb.1  Dur.1Lakel.12Cum.14e.Yks.1 
w.Yks.  Suf.1  Dev. ;  hant  Lan.  ;  haun  Ayr.  Lnk. ;  hond 
w.Yks.  Lan.1  s.Stf.  [h)an(d,  aen(d,  ond.]  1.  sb.  In 
comb,  (i)  Hand-ball,  the  game  of  rounders  ;  (2)  -barrow, 
a  barrow  or  kind  of  large  tray  on  legs,  with  four  projecting 
handles,  carried  by  the  hands  ;  (3)  -beast,  the  horse  a 
ploughman  directs  with  his  left  hand  ;  (4)  -beat,  to  cut  off 
the  turf,  &c.  with  a  mattock,  in  order  to  burn  it  and  so 
render  the  land  arable ;  see  Burn-beat ;  (5)  -beating, 
the  process  of  preparing  land  by  '  burn-beating'  (q.v.)  ; 
(6)  -bellows,  a  small  pair  of  bellows  ;  (7)  -bill,  a  bill-hook 
or  hedging-hook ;  (8)  -bind,  a  grip  in  wrestling ;  (9) 
•blomary,  Obs.,  a  smelting  furnace;  (10)  -board,  a  tea-tray; 
(n)  -bolts,  handcuffs;  (12)  -bound,  (a)  fully  occupied, 
very  busy ;  (b)  hampered,  put  to  inconvenience ;  (13) 
-box,  the  lower  handle  of  a  sawyer's  long  pit-saw ;  also 
called  Box  ;  (14)  -braid  or  -breed,  a  hand's  breadth  ;  (15) 
•breadth,  a  measure  of  3  inches,  sometimes  used  loosely 
for  '  hand  ' ;  (16)  -brush,  a  brush  used  for  domestic  clean- 
ing purposes  ;  (17)  -burying,  a  walking  funeral,  in  which 
the  body  is  carried  by  hand  ;  (18)  -canter,  a  quick  canter; 
(19)  -carrying,  see  (17) ;  (20)  -'s-chare,  light  household 
work  ;  a  very  small  piece  of  work,  an  odd  job  ;  (21)  -clap, 
a  moment,  short  space  of  time  ;  (22)  -cled,  gloved ;  (23) 
•cloth,  (a)  a  towel;  (b)  a  pocket-handkerchief;  (24)  -clout 
or  -cloot,  see  (23,  a) ;  (25)  -cold,  cold  enough  to  chill  the 
hands ;  (26)  -croppers,  obs.,  workmen  who  formerly  cropped 
or  cut  the  raised  fibres  on  the  face  of  cloth,  by  hand;  (27) 
•darg,  handiwork,  labour,  toil ;  what  is  gained  by  labour; 
(28)  -drist,  to  separate  corn  from  the  chaff,  &c.,  after  it  is 
threshed,  by  rubbing  it  between  the  hands ;  (29)  -fast,  (a)  to 
betroth ;  to  pledge;  to  shake  hands  overabargain ;  also  used 
attrib. ;  (b)  able  to  hold  tight;  also  usedyfc.;  (30)  -fasting  or 
•fisting,  obs.,  a  betrothal ;  see  below  ;  (31)  -fill,  to  separate 
the  small  from  the  large  coal  in  a  mine ;  (32)  -flower,  the 




wallflower,  Cheiranthus  Cheiri;  (33)  -frandie,  a  hand-rick 
or  small  stack  of  corn,  no  higher  than  can  be  reached  with 
the  hand  ;  (34)  -ful,  (a)  a  heavy  charge  or  task  ;  a  burden, 
responsibility ;  (b)  a  few  ;  a  small  quantity ;  (35)  -gear, 
any  working  arrangement  of  machinery,  which  is  moved 
by  hand  ;  (36)  -gloves,  gloves  ;  (37)  -going  or  -gying,  re- 
ported from  one  to  another  ;  (38)  -greeping-hook,  obs.,  a 
hook  formerly  used  by  women  for  cutting  wheat ;  (39) 
•grip,  a  grasp  of  the  hand  ;  (40)  -gun,  a  pistol ;  a  pop-gun  ; 
(41)  -babble,  see  below ;  (42)  -hail!,  hand-whole,  fit  for 
all  one's  work ;  (43)  -hap,  a  chance,  hazard  ;  (44)  -hats,  a 
kind  of  glove,  made  of  thick  felt,  covering  only  the  palm 
of  the  hand  and  the  fingers  ;  (45)  -hawk,  a  plasterer's  tool 
on  which  he  lays  the  plaster  ;  (46)  -hold,  a  firm  grasp  with 
the  hand  ;  anything  that  may  be  grasped  or  taken  hold  of 
with  the  hand  ;  (47)  -hollow,  a  term  used  in  the  game  of 
'  hop-scotch  '  or  '  hitchy-dabber  ' ;  see  below ;  (48)  -hook, 
tanning  term  :  a  short  iron  hook,  fixed  in  a  cross-handle 
of  wood,  with  which  tanners  move  the  wet  hides  ;  (49) 
•hoven-bread,  oatmeal  bread  kneaded  very  stiffly  and 
with  very  little  leaven  ;  (50)  -huts,  small  stacks  built  by 
hand,  by  a  person  standing  on  the  ground  ;  (51)  -idle,  idle, 
having  nothing  to  occupy  the  hands  ;  (52)  -irons,  flat-irons 
for  laundry  work ;  (53)  -ladder,  a  light  ladder,  easily 
carried  by  hand  ;  (54)  -lass,  a  windlass  ;  the  handle  of  a 
windlass  ;  (55)  -leather,  a  partial  leather  covering  for  the 
hands  of  shoemakers,  brick-fillers,  &c. ;  (56)  -led,  led  by 
the  hand  ;  (57)  -less,  awkward,  clumsy  ;  awkward  in  using 
the  hands  ;  (58)  -line,  (a)  a  fishing-line  for  taking  fish  from 
the  bottom  of  deep  water ;  also  used  attrib.  ;  (b)  fishing 
with  a  hand-line  ;  (59)  -making,  making  or  manufacturing 
by  hand  as  opposed  to  machinery;  (60)  -meag,  a  tool 
used  to  mow  peas,  brake,  &c.  ;  (61)  -mow,  a  small  stack 
of  hay  or  corn  ;  (62)  -ock,  see  (45) ;  (63)  -offer,  a  gift  ;  (64) 
•pannier,  a  small  hand-basket;  (65)  -pat,  ready  at  hand, 
convenient ;  off-hand,  fluent ;  (66)  -payment,  a  beating  ; 
(67)  -picked,  used  of  large  coals  or  coke  filled  by  hand 
without  using  a  shovel ;  (68)  -pin,  a  wooden  pin  used  for 
the  purpose  of  wringing  hanks  ;  (69)  -pins,  the  handles  of 
a  scythe  ;  (70)  -plane,  a  smoothing-plane  ;  (71)  -promise,  a 
betrothal,  troth-plight ;  (72)  -prop,  a  walking-stick ;  (73) 
•putter,  a  person  who  '  puts '  or  pushes  a  barrow  without 
the  assistance  of  a  pony,  in  a  coal-mine ;  (74)  -rackle, 
careless,  acting  without  consideration  ;  active,  ready  ;  (75) 
•raising,  the  process  of  raising  the  surface  of  cloth,  &c. 
by  hand-cards ;  (76)  -reel,  an  old  reel  or  machine,  used 
for  winding  and  numbering  the  hanks  of  yarn  ;  (77)  -rest, 
the  right-hand  or  slighter  handle  of  a  '  timbern  zole ' ; 
(78)  -ride  or  -rode,  a  term  used  by  shepherds  in  sheep- 
breeding;  see  below  ;  (79) -running,  consecutively,  con- 
tinuously, in  uninterrupted  succession  ;  (80)  -saw,  in  phr. 
to  have  a  voice  like  the  sharpening  of  a  handsaw,  to  have 
a  harsh,  disagreeable  voice  ;  (81)  -scroo,a  rick  of  sheaves 
such  as  can  be  built  by  hand  from  the  ground  :  (82)  -seller, 
see  below  ;  (83)  -shaking,  (a)  a  correction,  punishment ; 
a  close  engagement,  grappling  ;  (6)  an  interference,  inter- 
meddling; (84)  -sneakies,  see  (n);  (85)  -shoes,  gloves; 
(86)  -smooth,  quite  level,  as  smooth  as  the  palm  of  the 
hand,  without  obstacle,  uninterruptedly  ;  (87)  -spaik  or 
•spoke,  a  handspike,  a  piece  of  wood  with  handles,  used 
esp.  for  carrying  the  dead  to  the  place  of  interment ;  (88) 
•spike,  a  wooden  lever,  shod  with  iron ;  (89)  -spring,  a 
street-arab's  acrobatic  performance  ;  (90)  -staff  or  -stave, 

(a)  the  handle  of  a  flail ;  (b)  see  (72)  ;  (91)  -staff-cap,  the 
swivel  that  joins  the  handle  and  swingle  of  a  flail ;  (92) 
•stick,  see  (90,  a) ;  (93)  -stir,  (a)  a  very  small  distance  ; 
a  slight  movement ;  (b)  the  smallest  possible  amount  of 
labour ;    (94)  -stocking,  a  mitten  ;  •  (95)  -stone,  a  small 
stone,  a  pebble ;  (96)  -strike,  (a)  a  blow  with  the  hand  ; 

(b)  a  strong  piece  of  wood  used  as  a  lever  to  a  windlass  ; 
(97)  -stroke,  see  (93,  b);  (98)  -tethers,  (a)  see  (n)  ;    (b) 
pursuits  requiring  constant  attention  ;  (99)  -thief,  one  who 
steals  with  the  hands ;  (100)  -tied,  (a)  unable  to  leave  a 
job  in  which  one  is  engaged ;    (b)  hand-clasped ;    (101) 
•ties,  (a)  see  (n) ;  (b)  see  (98,  b) ;  (102)  -tillage,  artificial 

manure  spread  on  the  land  with  the  hand  ;  (103)  -tree, 
obs.,  the  top  piece  of  the  '  going  part '  of  a  hand-loom  ; 
(104)  -turn  or  -'s  turn,  a  single  act  of  doing  a  piece  of 
work  ;  (105)  -wailed  or  -waled,  remarkable,  distinguished 
in  whatever  way ;  carefully  selected  ;  (106)  -wave,  to 
|  streek '  a  measure  of  grain  by  striking  it  with  the  hand 
in  order  to  give  good  measure  ;  (107)  -waving,  a  mode  of 
measuring  grain  by  striking  it  with  the  hand  ;  (108)  -wed, 
weeded  by  hand;  (109)  -('s  while,  a  little  while;  (no) 
•woman,  a  midwife  ;  (111) -wrist,  the  wrist ;  (112) -write, 
handwriting,  penmanship  ;  (113) -wrought,  fabricated  by 

(i)  Sc.  Ye  may  walk  in't  very  near  three  hours  a-day,  and  play 
at  pitch-and-toss,  and  hand-ba',  and  what  not,  SCOTT  Guy  M.  (1815) 
xliv.  e.Dur.1  More  commonly  called  '  roondies.'  Played  by  girls 
with  shells  ('williks')  and  a  ball,  whilst  these  words  are  recited: — 
'  Set  a  cup  upon  a  rock,  Chalk  me  one  a  pot.  One,  two,  three, 
four,  One  at  a  time,'  &c.  '  One  up,'  &c.  (2)  Gall.  MACTAGGART 
Encycl.  ,1824).  se.Wor.1  A  barrow  or  carriage  without  a  wheel, 
but  with  a  pair  of  handles  at  each  end,  by  which  to  carry  it. 
w.Som.1  In  constant  use  by  gardeners  for  carrying  flowers,  &c.  ; 
also  in  quarries  for  carrying  stones.  3  Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encycl. 
<  1824).  ^4)  Dev.  To  hand-beat,  to  cut  off  the  surface  of  the  earth 
or  spine  with  a  hough,  which  is  otherwise  done  with  a  spade,  and 
sometimes  with  a  breast  plough,  and  even  with  a  paring-plough, 
drawn  with  horses,  in  order  for  sweating  or  burning,  GROSE  (1790) 
MS.  add.  (M.)  (5)  w.Som.1  The  act  of  digging  up  with  a  mattock 
old  weedy  and  furzy  turf  (which  is  too  full  of  roots  to  be  ploughed) 
for  the  purpose  of  burning  it,  and  so  rendering  the  land  arable. 
n.Dev.  Whare  they  be  shooling  o'  beat,  handbeating  or  angle- 
bowing,  Exm.  Scold.  (1746'  1.  197.  w.Dev.  Chipping  off  the  sward 
with  a  beating-axe,  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1796)  I.  142.  (6)  Sc. 
I'll  bring  a  pair  o'  han'-bellows,  Sc.  Haggis,  60.  (7^  n.Cy.  (J.W.% 
s.Not.  (J.P.K.)  Lin.  Come  out  herewith  the  handbills  and  brattle 
all  the  willows  anywhere  nigh,  FENN  Dick  o  the  Fens  (1888)  iv. 
(8)  Sh.I.  Dey  wir  nae  buttiri  i'  da  haandbind  I  link,  an'  hit  wis  as 
weel  for  Geordie,  Sh.  News  (May  7,  1898).  (9)  Hrf.  Iron  ore  was 
discovered  in  the  sandy  district  of  Wormelow  hundred  as  early  as 
the  time  of  the  Romans  in  Britain,  and  many  of  the  hand-blomaries 
used  by  them  have  been  met  with  on  Peterslow  Common,  MAR- 
SHALL Review  (1818)  II.  303.  (10)  e.Lan.1,  Chs.1,  s.Chs.'  (u) 
Hmp.  (J.R.W.),  Hmp.1  (12,  a)  Lth.  How  may  hand-bound 
ininnie  get  Her  tottums  clad  sae  gaily?  BALLANTINE  Poems  (1856) 
276.  (b)  Nhb.1  An  old  bird  fancier,  when  asked  how  he  was 
getting  on,  replied,  '  Middlin  !  Aa's  fair  handbun  for  the  want  o' 
a  Jack '  [jackdaw],  (13)  Wil.1  (14)  Frf.  He  perceived  a  nitch  in 
it,  some  more  than  a  hand-brode  from  the  hilt,  LOWSON  Guid- 
follow  (1890)  282.  e.Fif.  Cuttin'  the  legs  o'  them  a  hand-breed 
ower  short,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  \  1864)  viii.  Ayr.  Ae  limpin  leg 
a  hand-breed  shorter,  BURNS  Willie's  Wife,  st.  3  ;  I  went  out  from 
his  presence  a  hand-breid  heicher  in  my  own  estimation,  SERVICE 
Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  89.  Lnk.  Pouther  up  her  hair,  An'  stick 
her  newest  kame  abune't,  A  hand-braid  high  an'  mair,  MURDOCH 
Doric  Lyre  { 1873^1 93.  Nhb.1,  Cum.  14,e.Yks.1,w.Yks.1,  e.Lan.  ^n.Lin.1, 
Nhp.1  ( 15)  Shr.1  A  rather  loose  expression,  signifying  approximately 
rather  than  exactly,  Introd.  93.  ( 16)  w. Mid. They  have  a  handle  about 
a  foot  long,  which  is  cut  from  the  same  piece  of  wood  as  the  back. 
This  is  about  4  in.  square,  except  that  the  end  farthest  away  from  the 
handle  is  slightly  rounded  like  a  cricket-bat  (W.P.M.).  (17)  n.Yks.2 
(18)  Ayr.  They  drove  at  a  fine  'han'  canter'  down  the  Kyle  Stew- 
art, AINSLIE  Land  of  Burns  (_ed.  1892)  49.  (19)  n.Yks.2  Many  of 
the  old  inhabitants  had  an  aversion  to  be  hearsed,  choosing  rather 
to  be  '  carried  by  hand  and  sung  before,'  as  it  was  the  mode  of 
their  families  in  time  past ;  and  in  the  suspensary  manner  of 
'hand-carrying' with  the  hold  of  linen  towels  passing  beneath  the 
coffin,  we  still  see  women  borne  by  women,  as  men  by  men,  &c., 
Introd.  9.  (20)  s.Not.  Oh,  my  sister  !  she  niver  does  a  hand's- 
chare  for  me  (J.P.K.).  s.Lin.  Obs.  (T.H.R.)  Lei.1  I  have  no  one 
to  do  a  hand's-chare  for  me.  Nhp.1 '  She  wont  do  a  hands-chare,' 
is  a  common  mode  of  complaint  against  an  indolent,  inactive  person ; 
Nhp.2,  War.3  (21 )  Cai.1  Gall.  They  would  get  husbands  in  a  hand- 
clap, MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  302,  ed.  1876.  (22)n.Yks.2  (23,0) 
Lakel.^Cum.4  (AlLakel.2  (24)n.Cy.GROSE(i7go).  Dur.'.Lakel.12, 
Cum.14  n.Yks.  Muder,  ev  yo-  seen  t'hand-clout?  A  want  to  wipe 
thees  things  (W.H.);  n.Yks.124,  ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.  MARSHALL  Rur. 
Econ.  (1788).  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Leuk  fer  t'clean  hancloot  an'  all, 
BLACKAH  Poems  (1867)  10;  w.Yks.15,  nw.Der.1,  n.Lin.1  (25)  Ken.1 
There  was  a  frost  down  in  the  bottoms,  for  I  was  right-down  hand- 
cold  as  I  come  up  to  the  great  house.  (26)  w.Yks.  The  ire  of  the 
hand-croppersin  this  district  were  directed  against  a  machine  termed 

G  2 




a  frame,  PEEL  Luddites  (iK^  9.  (27)  Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.]  Ayr. 
Nought  but  his  han'  darg,  to  keep  Them  right  an'  tight,  BURNS 
Twa  Dogs  (1786)  1.  77.  (28)  S.  &  Ork.1  (39,  a)  Sc.  Endeavour 
to  have  in  mind  the  love  of  your  espousals,  when  ye  and  Christ 
were  hand-fasted,  THOMSON  Cloud of  Witnesses  (1714)  254,  ed.  1871 ; 
This  Isobel  was  but  handfast  with  him,  and  deceased  before  the 
marriage,  ANDREWS  Bygone  Ch,  Life  (1899)  210;  That  gentle- 
woman had  confess'd  to  himself  she  was  handfast  before  she  came 
out  of  England,  SPOTTISWOODE  Miscell.  (1844)  I.  107.  Nhb.1  Obs. 
Lakel.2  n.Yks.2  'A  handfast  lot,'  unionists.  Handfasted,  pledged. 
(6)  Ken.1  'Old  George  is  middlin'  handfast  to-day'  (said  of  a  good 
catch  at  cricket).  Dev.1  When  a  was  bad  a  was  zo  handyfast  that 
a  widn't  suffer  her  out  o'  es  sight  neart  or  day,  40.  (30)  Sc.  It 
was  not  until  more  than  twenty  years  after  the  Reformation  that 
the  custom  of  handfasting,' which  had  comedown  from  old  Celtic 
times,  fell  into  disrepute,  and  consequent  disuse.  By  this  term 
was  understood  cohabitation  for  a  year,  the  couple  being  then  free 
to  separate,  unless  they  agreed  to  make  the  union  permanent, 
ANDREWS  Bygone  Ch.  Life  (1899)  210;  Among  the  various  customs 
now  ots.  the  most  curious  was  that  of  '  handfisting.'  .  .  In  the 
upper  part  of  Eskdale  .  .  .  was  held  an  annual  fair,  where  multi- 
tudes of  each  sex  repaired.  The  unmarried  looked  out  for  mates, 
made  their  engagements  by  joining  hands,  or  by  handfisting,  went 
off  in  pairs,  cohabited  till  the  next  annual  return  of  the  fair  .  .  . 
and  then  were  at  liberty  to  declare  their  approbation  or  dislike  of 
each  other.  If  each  party  continued  constant,  the  handfisting  was 
renewed  for  life,  PENNANT  Tour  (1772)  91,  92  (JAM.).  Slk.  We 
hae  corned  far  .  .  .  for  a  preevat  but  honest  hand-fasting,  HOGG 
Tales  (1838)  368,  ed.  1866.  Dmf.  At  that  fair  it  was  the  custom 
for  the  unmarried  persons  of  both  sexes  to  choose  a  companion  . .  . 
with  whom  they  were  to  live  till  that  time  next  year.  This  was 
called  hand-fasting,  Statist.  Ace.  XII.  615  (JAM.).  N.Cy.2,  Nhb. 
(K.)  (31)  Nhb.  To  separate  the  small  from  the  large  coals  in  the 
mine,  the  latter  being  filled  by  the  hand  into  the  tub  or  corf, 
and  the  former  thrown  to  the  side  of  the  working-place,  or  filled 
separately  as  required  (R.O.H.X  Nhb. ,Dur. GREENWELL  CoalTr. 
Gl.  (ed.  1888).  -32)  w.Yks.  LEES  Flora  (1888)  137.'  (33)  Fif. 
(JAM.)  (34,  a)  Cai1  Unfeeling  or  selfish  persons  who  have  to 
attend  to  one  in  severe  or  protracted  illness,  sometimes  say  that 
'  he  is  a  sair  hanfuV  Sh.I.  If  he's  [it's]  no  a  haandfoo  'at  folk  haes 
wi'dem  fraeda  first  faelis  lifted  an' fil  <Ltill]  deri'  da  paet-neuk,  dan, 
dan!  Sh.Netvs(Aug.  13, 1898).  Kcd.  Years  the  bailie  lied  been  dowie, 
Lang  an  unco  han'fu'  till  her,  GRANT  Lays  (1884)  45.  Per.  I  leave 
ye  wi'  a  heavy  handfu',  but  oh,  woman,  lean  on  Him  to  whom 
naething's  a  burden.  JACQUES  Herd  Laddie,  24.  Lnk.  Watty  left 
wi'  sic  a  han'fu',  What  to  dae,  losh  !  couldna  see,  NICHOLSON 
Idylls  (1870)  28.  Ayr.  He  had  been  long  a  heavy  handful,  having 
been  for  years  but,  as  it  were,  a  breathing  lump  of  mortality,  GALT 
Provost  (1822)  viii.  Nhb.  'He  has  a  handful'  (of  work  or  anxiety). 
When  any  person  is  bedridden  and  helpless,  they  are  said  to  be  a 
'  heavy  handfa  '  to  those  in  whose  care  they  are  i^R.O.H.V  Yks. 
(J.W.)  sw.Lin.1  You  are  well  aware  I  have  a  handful  wi'  the  boys. 
Rut.1  He's  quite  a  handful,  you're  sure !  War.2  You'll  find  that  lad 
a  rare  handful.  s.Wor.1  '  Our  'Liza's  wonderful  took  up  uv  that 
chap  o'  hern,  but  if  they  gets  married  he'll  be  a  handful,  I  reckon. 
Glo.  (A.B.)  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  Ken.1  To  have  a  handful  is  to  have 
as  much  as  a  person  can  do  and  bear.  '  Mrs.  S.  says  she  has  a  sad 
handful  with  her  mother.'  Snr.  (L.J.Y.)  (6)  Fif.  I  stood  for  a 
handfu'  o'  minutes  afore  I  steppit  aneath  the  trees,  ROBERTSON 
Provost  (1894)  22.  (35)  Nhb.  (R.O.H.)  (36)  Cor.1  What!  begging 
with  hand-gloves  on  !  (37)  n.Yks.2  (38)  nw.Dev.1  It  was  about 
half  the  length  of  an  ordinary  reap-hook  (q.v.\  and  was  used  in 
the  right  hand  whilst  the  wheat  was  greeped  [gripped]  with  the 
left.  About  six  greeps  or  handfuls  were  made  into  one  sheaf. 
(39)  n.Yks.2  (40)  Sc.  Jockey  and  his  mither  came  hame  together, 
cheek  for  chow,  cracking  like  twa  hand-guns,  GRAHAM  Writings 
(1883)  II.  31.  (41)  Rxb.  Business  that  is  done  quickly,  summarily, 
without  any  previous  plan,  or  without  loss  of  time,  is  said  to  be 
done  hand-habblc.  It  often  includes  the  idea  of  something  haughty 
or  imperious  in  the  mode  of  acting  (JAM.).  (42)  Per.  The  man 
that  sits,  as  I  do  here,  Haund-haill,  an'  neither  slow  to  steer  Nor 
quick  to  live,  HALIBURTON  Ochil Idylls (1891)  40.  (43)  Fif.  Athand- 
hap,  by  chance  (JAM.).  (44)  Nhb.  These  were  formerly  made  at 
Corbridge  for  the  teazers  at  glass  works,  who  wore  hand-hats  to 
protect  their  hands  in  holding  the  hot  pokers  and  tools  used  in 
their  work.  Obsol.  (R.O.H.)  ;  Nhb.1  (45)  Nhp.1  s.v.  Hawk. 
e.An.1  (46)  n.Yks.1  Ah  couldn't  ho'd  mah  handho'd,  strahve  as  I 
moud  ;  n.Yks.2  '  Tak  good  hand-hod,'  take  firm  hold  ;  n.Yks.4  It 
'ez  a  good  hand-ho'd  ti't.  e.Yks.1  Hez  tha  getten  a  good  hand- 
hod,  for  if  thoo  hez'nt  it'll  slip  away  frc  tha.  Lin.  STREATFEILD 
Lilt,  and  Danes  (1884)  335.  n.Lin.1  I  darn't  climb  noa  higher, 

ther's  naather  hand-hohd  nor  foot-hohd  for  one.  Ken.1  'Tis  a 
plaguey  queer  job  to  climb  up  there,  there  an't  no  hand-hold.  (47) 
e.Dur.1  Used  by  girls  when  playing  the  game  of '  hitchy-dabber  ' 
(hopscotch).  Often  the  '  dabber'  gets  so  near  the  line  that  a  girl 
cannot  insert  the  breadth  of  her  hand  between,  in  which  case  she 
must  give  up  the  '  dabber '  to  her  opponent  to  play.  (48)  Chs.1 
(49)  N.Cy.2,  Lan.  (K.)  (50)  [A  dry  moment  should  be  seized  to 
put  2  or  3  stocks  into  what  are  called  hand-huts  in  the  field,  that 
is,  small  stacks  built  by  hand,  by  a  person  standing  on  the  ground, 
STEPHENS  Farm  Bk.  (ed.  1849)  II.  372.]  (51)  Sc.  I  am  hand-idle 
like  yourself,  minister,  KEITH  Bonnie  Lady  (1897)  79.  Sh.I.  A'm 
gaein  ta  spin  a  treed  o'  wirset.  I  can  say  A'm  haand  idle  for  da 
want  o'  hit,  Sh.  News  (Feb.  12,  1898).  N.I.1  They're  hand  idle 
for  want  o'  their  tools.  (52)  e.Yks.  (S.K.C.)  (53)  Wgt.  Jamie's 
quarters  were  in  the  loft,  to  which  a  hand-ladder  led,  FRASER 
Wigtown  (1877)  229.  (54;  Shr.12  (55)  n.Yks.  (I.W.)  (56) 
n.Yks.2  '  A  hand-led  bairn,"  a  child  just  beginning  to  walk.  (57) 
Sc.  Being  a  lonely  man,  and  used  to  fend  for  himself,  .  .  the 
schoolmaster  was  not  as  handless  as  might  be  supposed,  KEITH 
Bonnie  Lady  (1897)  69  ;  A  handless  taupie,  a  woman  who  exerts 
herself  in  so  slovenly  a  way,  that  she  still  lets  her  work  fall  out 
of  her  hands  (JAM.).  Cai.1  Bnff.  Hundreds  of  times  we  have 
tasted  beef  tea  .  .  .  cooked  by  handless  dawdles,  which  an  Irish 
pig  would  disgorge,  GORDON  Citron.  Keith  (1880)  75.  Frf.  He  is 
most  terribly  handless,  BARRIE  M.  Ogilvy  (1896  128.  Rnf.  Curse 
her  for  a  hanless  gab,  YOUNG  Pictures  (1865)  162.  Ayr.  Wha  wad 
keep  thehandless  coo  f  That  couldna  labour  lea?  BURNS  O  can  ye  labour 
lea  ?  Lnk.  Ane  and  a'  were  puir  feckless  han'less  creaturs,  their 
fingers  were  a"  thooms  as  the  saying  is,  FRASER  Whaups  (1895) 
173.  e.Lth.  I  peety  ony  man  wha  gets  ane  o'  the  thowless,  han'- 
less tawpies,  HUNTER  J.  Inwick  (1895)  148.  Cum.14  (58,  a) 
Sh.I.  Formerly  sinkers  were  made  of  klamal  or  soap-stone,  instead 
of  lead  as  at  present,  and  to  this  day  fishermen  speak  of  the  haand- 
line  stane  or  lead  stane,  a  remnant  of  the  ancient  practice,  SPENCE 
Fit-Lore  (1899)  129.  Cai.1  A  hand-line  is  wrought  vertically  from 
a  boat.  The  hooks  are  at  the  end.  It  is  run  to  the  bottom,  and 
then  drawn  back  a  fathom  or  so.  (6)  Sh.I.  They  had  been  off  at 
the  handline,  and  on  their  return  one  evening  after  dark  were  re- 
counting the  day's  adventures  to  the  old  man,  SPENCE  Flk-Lore 
(1899)  22.  (59)  Frf.  The  days  o'  hand-makin'  are  aboot  past  an' 
dune  noo,  WILLOCK  Rosetty  Ends  (1886;  2,  ed.  1889.  (60)  Nrf. 
I  want  you  to  make  me  a  hand-meag,  EMERSON  Son  of  Fens  (1892; 
96.  (61)  Som.  (W.F.R.)  (62)  Dev.  Reports  Pro-vine.  (1889).  (63) 
n.Yks.2  (64)  Glo.  GROSE  U79O)  MS.  add.  (M.)  (65)  Nhp.1  He 
told  it  me  as  hand  pat  as  could  be  ;  Nhp.2,  War.3  Wor.  Another 
illustration  comes  hand-pat,  Evesham  Jrn.  (Jan.  30,  1897).  Oxf.1 
Uur'd  dhii  wul  stoo'ri  uz  an 'pat  uz  cuod  bee  ['Er  'd  (she  had)  the 
wul  stoory  as  anpat  as  could  be].  Bdf.  BATCHELOR  Anal.  Eng. 
Lang.  (1809!  135.  Dor.  He  had  it  all  handpat,  BARNES  Gl.  (1863). 
Som.  I've  hitch  un  upon  chimbley-crook,  han'pat  again  he's  wanted, 
RAYMOND  Men  o'  Mcndip  (1898)  i.  Dev.  Got  et  han'pat,  PULMAN 
Sketches  (1842)  102,  ed.  1871.  (66)  Abd.  (JAM.)  (67)  Nhb..  Dur. 
NICHOLSON  Coal  Tr.  Gl.  (1888).  (68)  w.Yks.  Usually  from  18  to 
24  inches  long,  and  gen.  made  of  lignum  vitae  (R.S.).  (69) 
nw.Dev.1  (70)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (71)  Ir.  But  Molly  says,  '  I'd  his  hand- 
promise,  an'  shure  he'll  meet  me  agin,'  TENNYSON  To-morrow 
^1885).  (72)  Sc.  Wha  negleckit  to  bring  your  hand-prap  ?  O 
whaur  i' the  warld's  your  bane-headit  staff?  STEWART  Character 
(1857)27.  (73)  Nhb.1  Nhb.,  Dur.  NICHOLSON  Coal  Tr.  Gl.  (1888). 
\Reports  Mines.]  (74)  Slk.  The  hand-rackle  Homes,  the  dorty 
Dumbars,  HOGG  Perils  of  Man  (1822)  III.  12  QAM.).  Rxb.  He's 
as  hand-rackle  a  fallow  as  in  a'  the  parish  (JAM.X  (75)  w.Yks. 
(J.M.)  (76)  Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824).  (77)  nw.Dev.1 
(78)  Not.  A  word  used  by  flock-owners  or  their  men  when  in  the 
autumn  the  ewes  are  put  to  the  ram ;  it  really  means  that  instead 
of  the  ewes  running  with  the  ram  he  is  kept  up  and  the  ewes 
brought  to  him  and  put  in  stocks,  to  be  served  ( W.L.H.) ;  Not.3  (79) 
Lakel.2,  Cum.14  n.Yks.  (T.S.);  n.Yks.1  Hestoppedaway  three  weeks 
hand-running  and  nivver  went  til  his  work  at  all  ;  n.Yks.4  He's 
ta'en  fowr  prizes  han'-running.  ne.Yks.1  We've  had  three  deeaths 
i'  t'toon  three  tahms  han'-runnin'.  w.Yks.  Shoo  fetched  her  hus- 
band hooam  twenty-one  nights,  hand-running,  TOM  TREDDLEHOYLE 
Bairns/a  Ann.  (1852)  10 ;  w.Yks.1 ;  w.Yks.2  He  won  six  games 
hand-running  ;  w.Yks.5  Lan.1  He'd  feight  the  whole  lot  on  'em, 
hond-running,  as  easy  as  ninepencc.  e.Lan.1,  m.Lan.1,  Stf.1, 
nw.Der.1,  Not.1  s.Not.  I've  hit  that  post  five  times  hand  running 
(J.P.K.).  n.Lin.  Th'  sho't-horn  coo  lied  three  roand  cauves  hand- 
runnin'  (M.P.);  n.Lin.1  Ther'  was  six  deaths  from  that  feaver  hand- 
running.  Let1,  Nhp.1,  War.8  Bck.,  Bdf.  I  fell  down  three  times, 
hand-running  (J.W.B.  .  Hut.  (T.P.F.)  (8o1  N.I.1  (81)  Cai.1 
(8a)  Lon.  The  sellers  of  tins,  who  carry  them  under  their  arms,  or 




in  any  way  on  a  round,  apart  from  the  use  of  a  vehicle,  are  known 
as  hand-sellers,   MAYHEW  Land.  Labour  (1851)   I.  354.      (83,  a) 
Slk.  Fain  wad  I  hae  had  a  handshaking  wi'  them,  HOGG  Brownie 
of  Bodsbeck  (1818)  (JAM.).      Nhb.  '  Aa  gav  him  a  hanshakin,'  I 
corrected  him  severely  ( M  .H.  D. ).   (b)  Rxb.  I  wad  likenaethingbetter 
than  to  hae  a  handshakin'  wi'  that  business  (JAM.).     (84)  Nhb.1 
(85)  s.Sc.  The  skin  of  the  goat  that  furnishes  soft  hand-shoes,  as 
they  call  gloves  in  the  Pictish  counties  of  Scotland,  WILSON  Tales 
(1836)   III.  142.      (86)  e.An.1  He  ate  it  up  hand-smooth.     Suf.1, 
e.Suf.  (F.H.)     (87)  Sc.  The  coffin  was  carried  out  on  hand-spaiks, 
HUNTER  J.  Armigers  Revenge  (1897)  xv.      Sh.I.  Da  men  wis  fix'd 
da  twa  fowereen  staangs  'at  Geordie  Moad  wis  taen  frae  da  banks 
fir  haandspaiks,  Sh.  News  (Jan.  7,  1899).     e.Lth.  It  took  four-an- 
twenty  men  wi'  han'-spaiks  to  lift  him  doun  the  avenue,  HUNTER 
/.  Inwick  (1895)  74.     Gall.  The  old  freet  .  .  .  that  those  who  fall 
when  at  the  handspake  aneath  the  corpse,  will  soon  be  the  corpse 
themsell,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  263,  ed.  1876.    Nhb.1,  n.Lin.1, 
Suf.1     (88)  w.Yks.1     Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892).     (89)  Lon.  I'd  even 
begin  tumbling  when  I  went  out  on  errands,  doing  hand-spring, 
and  starts-up  (that's  laying  on  your  back  and  throwing  yourself 
up),  MAYHEW  Land.  Labour  (ed.  1861)  III.  104.    (9O,«)Sc.  (JAM.\ 
Cai.1    Gall.  The  swoople  on  the  end  of  the  handstaff  being  whirled 
round  on    the    barn-floor  by  the  barnman,   MACTAGGART  Encycl. 
(1824)  49,  ed.  1876.     N.I.1  (s.v.  Flail.)     Nhb.1     Cum.  We  fit  up  a 
flail  Wi'  handstaff,   and   soople,  and  cappin,  DICKINSON   Cumbr. 
(1875)    230;    Cum.14      Wm.    I    brokken    mi    handstaff    (B.K.). 
n.Yks.124,    ne.Yks.1.    w.Yks.1,    Chs.1,    s.Chs.1,    nw.Der.1,    s.Not. 
(J.P.K.),  n.Lin.1      Nhp.1  Anstiff,  a  corruption  of  handstaff;    the 
handle  of  a  flail.     Shr.2,  Hrf.2     Glo.  The  labourer  held  the  hand- 
staff  in  both  hands,  swung  it  over  his  head,  and  brought  the  swingle 
down  horizontally,  GIBBS  Cotswold  Vill.  (1898)  385.    Bdf.  BATCHE- 
LOR  Anal.  Eng.  Lang.  (1809^  135.     e.An.1     Suf.  RAINBIRD  Agric. 
(1819)   294,    ed.    1849  ;    Suf.1,    e.Suf.   (F.H;),  Ken.1,  Wil.1,    Som. 
(W.F.R.)     Dev.  Ansteeve,  the  handle  of  a  flail,  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp. 
(1892)46.     nw.Dev.1    (b)  Per.  Hoastin'  on  their  haund-staffs,  And 
crynin'  wi'  the  cauld,  HALIBURTON  Ochil  Idylls  (1891)  59.      (91) 
e.An.1     (92)  War.3,  s.Wor.'    w.Som.1  It  is  a  round,  straight  piece 
of  very  tough  ash,  so  shaped  as  to  leave  a  projecting  ring  of  wood 
at  the  top.     Over  this  comes  the  capel  (q.v.),  which  is  hollowed 
out  to  fit  this  ring,  and  turns  easily  upon  it  without  coming  off 
from  the  handstick.     193,  a)  w.Yks.  Nay  lass,  ah'm  noan  gooin  ta 
move  a  hand  stir,  TOM  TREDDLEHOYLE  Baimsla  Ann.   (1896)  4. 
n.Lin.1  I've  heard  them  saay  as  hes  been  e'  Lunnun,  that  th'  roak's 
ofens  soa  thick  theare  'at  you  can't  sea  a  handstir  afoore  you, 
reight  e'  th'  middle  o'  th'  daay.     (b)  w.Yks.5  '  Come,  come,  my 
lass,  we've  nivver  done  a  hand-stir  yet — get  t'shool  an'  be  cindering 
t'hearth  up  ! '     '  Hands-turn '  implies  less  of  action  than  '  hands- 
stir.'     n.Lin.1  Here  you  are  clartin'  aboot  an"  not  a  handstir  of 
wark  dun  yet.      (94)  [Poetry  Provinc.  in  Cornh.  Mag.  (1865)  XII. 
40.]     (95)  Sc.  Formerly  used  for  a  small  stone  or  one  that  could 
be  easily  lifted  and  thrown  by  the  hand,  in  contradistinction  from 
one  which  required  much  greater  exertion  (JAM.).     Wgt.  In  this 
moor,  and  not  far  from  the  tomb,  are  great  heaps  of  small  hand- 
stones,  which  the  country  people  call  Cairnes,  FRASER  Wigtown 
(1877)  196.     (96,  a)  Sc.  Flycht  is  called  flyting,  in  French 'mellc,' 
quhilk  sumtimes  is  conjoined  with  hand-streikes,  SKENE  Difficult 
Wds.  (1681)  87.     (b)  Shr.2     (97)  Yks.  (J.W.'i     n.Lin.1  '  I'd  hardly 
struck  a  hand-stroak  when  doon  she  cums.'     Said  by  a  man  who 
had  felled  a  rotten  tree.     (98)  n.Yks.2     (99)  Sh.I.  Of  slanderers 
it  is  said :  'Ye  may  lock  afore  a  haand  t'ief,  but  no  afore  a  tongue 
t'ief,'  SPENCE  Fit-Lore  (1899^  229.    (100,  a)  Nhb.1     (b)  Som.  From 
the  balconies  above  did  hand-tied  lovers  lean  and  sigh,  RAYMOND 
Tryphena  (1895)  23.     (101)  n.Yks.2     (102)  w.Yks.  Bone-dust,  or 
as  it  is  called,  hand-tillage,  is  used  to  a  great  extent  for  twenty 
miles  around  Sheffield,  MARSHALL  Review  (1808)   I.  386.      (103) 
w.Yks.  The  weaver's  left  hand  rested  on  this  for  the  purpose  of 
giving  the  necessary  backward  and  forward  motion  to  the  sley 
(J.T.);  (S.P.U.)     (104)  Sc.  I  would  do  a  hand's-turn  myself,  and 
blithely,  KEITH  Bonnie  Lady  (1897)  67.     Sh.I.  Du  ye  link  "at  we'd 
grudged  your  maet  if  ye'd  niver  be  duin'  a  haand's  turn?  Sh.News 
(Oct.  30,  1897).     Per.  A  useless  body,  hardly  able  to  do  a  hand's 
turn,  FERGUSSON  Vill.  Poet  (1897)  62.     Dmb.  Keep  baith  yoursel 
and  me  without  doin  a  han's  turn  of  wark,  CROSS  Disruption  (1844) 
ix.    Lnk.  She's  a  rale  wee  leddy  yon,  and  canna  dae  a  han's  turn, 
FRASER   Whaups  (1895)  94.      Gall.  The  shilpit   pulin'  brat   that 
never  did  a  hand's  turn  in  her  life,  CROCKETT  Standard  Bearer 
(1898)  200.     N.I.1  He  hasn't  done  a  hand's  turn  these  six  months. 
Nhb.  Aa  henna  dyun  a  hands-turn  thi  day  (R.O.H.);  Nhb.1,  e.Dur.1 
Cum.1  He  will  n't  set  to  ya  hand's  turn  ;  Cum.4     n.Yks.  I  haint 
duan  a  single  hand's  tonn  fora  fotnith  (T.S.);  n.Yks.1'  Ah's  nivver 
deean  a  hand-to'n  sen  Marti'mas '  ;  spoken  by  a  person  incapaci- 

tated by  illness ;  n.Yks.4  Sha's  that  lazy  'at  sha  wean't  deea  a 
hand-to'n  foor  hersen  let  alean  foor  onnybody  else.  ne.Yks.1 
w.Yks.1  ;  w.Yks.5  '  Come,  gi'e  us  a  hand-turn  wi't  lad  ! ' — lend  us 
your  assistance  here.  Lan.1,  Nhp.1  War.2  Not  a  hand's-turn 
would  be  put  for'ad  to  help  anybody  ;  War.3  Nrf.  She  niver 
offered  to  dew  a  hand's  tu'n,  but  stood  garpin  an  starin  just  like 
numb  chance  (E.M.\  Suf.  'He  gave  her  a  hand's  turn,'  a  help 
with  hand  labour  (e.g.  in  digging)  (C.L.F.).  (105)  Sc.  Often  used 
in  a  bad  sense  ;  as  'a  hand-wail'd  waster,'  a  mere  prodigal  QAM.). 
Ayr.  My  hand-waled  curse  keep  hard  in  chase,  BURNS  Ep.  to  Maj. 
Logan  (Oct.  30, 1786)  st.  7.  Lnk.  Sic  wordy,  wanton,  hand-wail'd 
ware,  RAMSAY  Poems  (ed.  1733)  112.  (106)  Nhb.1  To  streek  a 
measure  of  corn  with  the  hand  by  waving  or  passing  the  fingers 
over  it  to  leave  good  measure.  e.Yks.  When  they  hand-wave  (the 
come),  they  drawe  (it)  lightly  aboute  in  the  bushell  with  theire 
hand,  BEST  Rur.  Econ.  (1641)  104.  [Not  striked,  but  heaped,  or 
at  least  hand-waved,  so  that  the  full  allowance  will  weigh  even 
more  than  this,  STEPHENS  Farm  Bk.  (ed.  1849)  I.  311.]  (107) 
Abd.  They  are  measured  by  hand-waving,  i.e.  they  are  stroked  by 
the  hand  about  4  inches  above  the  top  of  the  firlot,  Statist.  Ace. 
H-  533  GAM.).  (108)  Not.  You'll  have  to  get  all  them  nettles 
hand-wed,  afore  you  can  make  a  job  of  it  (L.C.M.).  sw.Lin.1  It'll 
be  sooner  all  hacked  up  than  hand-wed.  (109)  Slk.,  Feb.  (JAM.), 
Nhp.1  (no)  Dev.  (HALL.)  (in)  Glo.1,  Sus.  (F.A.A.)  w.Hmp. 
I  sprained  my  hand-wrist  (H.C.M.B.).  Wil.1,  n.Dor.  (S.S.B.) 
Som.  He  dragged  me  all  up  the  court  by  the  hand-wristes  (S.K.L.) ; 
(W.F.R.)  w.Som.1  Aay-vu-kuuf  mce  aivrus  [I  have  cut  my  wrist]. 
Dev.  Poor  little  Clara  West  'ath  a-valled  down  pin  tap  tha  ice  an' 
brawked  'er  'and-wrist,  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp,  (1892).  (112)  Sc. 
Albeit  it  wanted  a  subscription,  yet  by  the  handwrite,  and  the  style, 
and  thepurpose,!  knewit tobe yours,  WoDKOwSoc.Se/.B/ocg'.(i847) 
1.95.  Cai.1  Lnk.  Adhered  to  your  preaching  book,  and  declared 
the  same  to  be  your  own  hand-write,  WODROW  Ch.  Hist.  (1721) 
IV.  448,  ed.  1828.  Kcb.  His  hand-write  and  his  seal,  RUTHERFORD 
Lett.  (i66o)No.  284.  N.I.1  Whose  hand-write  is  that?  (ii3)n.Yks.2 
2.  Phr.  (a)  sing,  (i)  Hand  and  hail,  a  game;  see  below; 
(2)  —  awhile,  now  and  then  ;  (3)  — for  nieve,  side  by  side, 
cheek  by  jowl ;  abreast ;  also  used  fig. ;  (4)  —  in  gully,  a 
small  half-circle  just  within  a  large  ring,  from  which 
a  boy,  in  a  game  of  marbles,  shoots  or  '  lobs '  until  he 
knocks  one  out ;  (5)  —  in  the  pie,  concern  or  interference 
in  a  matter  ;  (6)  —  of  writ  or  write,  handwriting,  penman- 
ship ;  (7)  — over  fist,  with  all  possible  haste  or  speed, 
hand  over  hand  ;  (8)  —  over  head,  (a)  indiscriminately,  in- 
considerately, without  calculating  consequences ;  (b)  in 
confusion  or  disorder,  pell-mell,  confusedly ;  (c)  used  of 
hemp-dressing  when  the  coarse  is  not  separated  from  the 
fine  part ;  (9)  — to  nieve,  hand  to  hand,  singly  opposed  ; 
(10)  ahin  the  hand,  in  arrears,  in  debt;  (n)  ahint  the—, 
after  the  event;  (12)  at  no—,  on  no  account;  (13)  at 
one — ,  at  one  time  ;  (14)  behind  or  behint — ,  (a)  see  (10)  ; 
(b)  in  secret,  in  an  underhand  way;  (15)  by — ,  (a)  past, 
done  with  ;  (b)  out  of  the  way;  (i6J/ae— ,  not  at  hand; 
(17)  in  — ,  in  charge  ;  going  on  ;  (18)  off— ,  at  once,  without 
deliberation;  (19)  off  one's — ,  of  one's  own  accord  ;  (20) 
off  the— ,  fed  by  the  hand;  (21)  out  of—,  (a)  forthwith, 
immediately;  without  delay  ;  (b)  reckless,  oft-hand,  rough 
and  ready;  (c)  applied  to  a  child  when  first  able  to  walk 
alone ;  (d)  finished,  completed  ;  (22)  with  the  —,  easily 
done ;  (23)  any  hand  afore,  ready  and  prepared  for  any 
undertaking;  (24)  the  back  of  my  hand  to,  an  ungracious 
farewell ;  a  mild  rejection  or  repulse  ;  (25)  at  every  hand's 
turn,  every  moment,  on  every  occasion  ;  (26)  there's  my 
hand,  an  expression  of  sincere  conviction ;  (27)  to  bear 
hand  at,  (a)  to  blame,  hold  one  guilty  of  a  thing ;  (b)  to 
owe  a  grudge  to,  bear  malice  against ;  (28)  to  be  on  the 
mending  hand,  to  improve  in  health,  be  convalescent ;  (29) 
to  buy  by  hand,  to  estimate  the  value  of  anything  without 
weighing  it;  (30)  to  give  a  hand,  to  help,  assist ;  (31)  to 
give  in  hand,  to  give  into  a  person's  hand ;  (32)  to  have  a 
full  hand,  to  have  plenty  of  work  ;  (33)  to  hold  the  hand, 
to  keep  in  a  state  of  expectation  ;  to  carry  on  correspond- 
ence with  opposite  parties  in  a  clandestine  manner ;  (34) 
to  keep  in  hand,  to  keep  in  reserve;  to  be  tedious  in 
executing;  (35)  to  lend  a  hand,  see  (30);  (36)  to  make 
a  hand  of,  (a)  to  spoil,  waste,  destroy ;  (b)  to  make  a  good 
business  or  profit  out  of;  (c)  to  impose  upon,  make  a 



profit  out  of  a  person  ;  (d)  to  make  a  handle  out  of,  fig.  to 
make  a  cause  of  quarrel ;  (37)  to  make  the  safest  hand  of  it, 
to  make  a  sure  job  of  it ;  (38)  to  put  hand  to  paper,  to  write ; 
to  commit  oneself  by  writing ;  (39)  to  put  anything  by  hand, 
to  go  through  with  it ;  (40)  to  put  hand  in  or  to  oneself,  to 
commit  suicide ;  (41)  to  put  in  hand,  (42)  to  put  to  the 
hand,  to  begin  work,  commence  a  job  ;  (43)  to  take  a  hand 
at,  to  make  fun  of;  to  mislead  purposely ;  (44)  to  take  by 
the  hand,  to  marry ;  (45)  to  take  through  hand,  to  take  to 
task  ;  (46)  one's  own  hand,  one's  own  doing,  of  one's  own 

(l)  Dmf.  Two  goals,  called  '  hails  '  or  '  dules,'  are  fixed  on  :  .  . 
the  two  parties  then  place  themselves  between  the  goals  or  '  dules.' 
and  one  of  the  persons,  taking  a  soft  elastic  ball,  about  the  size  of 
a  man's  fist,  tosses  it  into  the  air.  and  as  it  falls  strikes  it  with  his 
palm  towards  his  antagonists.  .  .  As  soon  as  the  ball  is  •  gowft,' 
that  is  struck  away,  the  opposite  party  attempt  to  intercept  it  in  its 
fall.  This  is  called  '  keppan'  the  ba'.'  If  they  succeed  in  this 
attempt,  the  person  who  does  so  is  entitled  to  throw  the  ball  with 
all  his  might  towards  his  antagonists  (JAM.).  (2)  Nhb.1  (3)  Cai.1 
Rnf.  Han'-tbr-nieve,  the  hawkies  Stan'.  PICKEN  Poems  (1788)  53 
(JAM.).  Lnk.  Haun  for  nieve  awa'  fu'  proud  They  tak  the  road 
thegither,  WATSON  Poems  (1853)  42.  e.Ltb.  No'  a  frien'  to  lippen 
to,  an'  the  Irish  han'-for-nieve  wi'  oor  enemies,  HUNTER  J.  Inwick 
(1895)77.  (4)  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  (5)  Edb.  Has  our  folk  nae  hand  i' 
the  pye,  Like  the  ither  lads  that  bides  o'er  by?  LIDDLE  Poems 
(1821)205.  n.Cy.  (J.W.)  (6)  Sc.  Div  ye  think  naebody  can  read 
hand  o'  writ  but  yoursell  ?  SCOTT  Antiquary  (1816)  xv.  Abd.  Ken 
ye  that  nan'  o'  wreet  ?  MACDONALD  Malcolm  (1875'  III.  250.  Dmh.  I 
.  ..soon  learn  'da  han'some  hand  o'  write.  TAYLOR  Pomts  i  1827)  102. 
Ayr.  A  well-written  letter  in  a  fair  hand  of  write,  GALT  Ann. 
Parish  (1821)  i.  Gall.  It's  in  your  hand  o'  write  that  the  name  o' 
Janet  Geddes  stands  in  the  big  ha'  Bible,  CROCKETT  Raiders  (1894) 
xxxiii.  (7)  Gall.  Tossing  it  ower  their  thrapples  hand  ower  fist, 
ib.  Standard  Bearer  (18981  118.  Cor.  Watty  pulled  in  hand  over 
fist ;  and  in  came  the  lead  sinker  over  the  notch,  '  Q.'  Wandering 
Heath  (1895)  82.  (8,  a]  Gall.  Drovers  in  purchasing  [large 
herds]  will  sometimes  take  the  good,  and  leave  the  bad  ;  this  is 
called  'shooting'  :  others  will  take  the  lot  as  it  is;  this  is  buying 
them  hand  owre  head,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  1^1824)  252,  ed.  1876. 
N.I.1  One  with  another,  an  expression  used  in  selling,  and  meaning 
the  putting  an  average  value  on  a  number  of  things  that  differ  in 
value.  '  Now  how  much  a  piece  will  you  say  for  them,  if  I  take  the 
whole  lot  hand  over  head  ? '  n.Cy.  (J. W.),  Lakel.2,  Not.1,  Lei.1,  Nhp.1 
Glo.2  16.  e.An.1  w.Som.1  They  be  bound  vor  to  go  wrong  (i.  e. 
come  to  grief) ;  can't  go  on  hand-over-head  like  that  there,  very 
long.  (/>)  n.Yks.  They  are  mixed  hand  ower  heead  (I.W.). 
w.Yks.5  '  A  lot  o'  fellahs  cam  running  hand-ower-hSad  through 
t'passage  [entry]  an'  ommast  pick'd  muh  darn.'  '  Here  they  come, 
hand-ower-hfiad.'  s.Lin.  When  a  went  to  see  her  she  was  hand- 
over-head cleaning  her  room  (F.H.W.).  (c)  e.An.1  (9)  Gall. 
(JAM.)  Kcb.  Some  nan'  to  nicve  Wi'  manly  pith  o'  arm,  beyond 
the  mark,  Far  fling  the  pond'rous  mell,  DAVIDSON  Seasons  (1789) 
87.  (10)  Abd.  (JAM.;  (n)  Slk.  Folk  are  a'  wise  ahint  the  hand, 
HOGG  Tales  (1838)  321',  ed.  1866.  (12)  Sc.  'But  father,'  said 
Jenny,  .  .  'suldna  I  cry  on  you?"  'At  no  hand,  Jenny,'  SCOTT 
Old  Mortality  118161  iii.  (13)  w.Wor.1  Sam's  a  very  good  lad  to 
me  now,  but  at  one  'and  I  thaowt  'e'd  never  do  no  good,  to  'isself 
nar  no  one  else.  (14,  a)  Cai.1  (b)  Cai.1,  Cld.  (JAM.)  (15,0)80. 
Applied  to  any  work  that  is  already  done,  or  any  hardship  that 
has  been  sustained  (JAM.).  Cai.1  1.6)  n.Sc.  Applied  to  a  person, 
at  times  in  relation  to  marriage  (JAM.)  ;  When  she's  by  hand  and 
awa',  Ross  Sng.  (ib.)  (17)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (18)  Nhp.1  (19!  Ayr.  I 
was  aye  for  our  ane  to  mak'  that  proposal  to  you,  but  it  has  come 
better  aff  your  haun,  HUNTER  Studies  (1870)  39.  (20)  Sh.I.  Shii'll 
no  foster  twa  lambs  'ithoot  somtin'  aff  o'  da  haand,  alto'  he  [it]  is 
da  end  o'  Aapril,  Sh.  News  (May  7,  1898).  (21.  at  Ayr.  When  he 
asked  her,  she  married  him  oot  of  haun,  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (cd. 
1887)  9.  Nhp.1  w.Som.1  You  might  depend,  sir,  I'll  do  un  vor 
ee,  right  out  o'  hand.  (b)  Ayr.  1  would  not  juist  insist  upon  such 
a  hasty  and  oot  of  hand  manner  of  treatment,  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid 
(ed.  1887)  133.  (c)  Nhp.1  (d)  Nhp.1  I've  got  the  job  out  of  hand 
at  last.  w.Som.1  The  job  shall  be  a-put  out  o"  hand  in  a  proper, 
workmanship  manner,  (aa)  N.I.1  '  It's  doon  the  hill,  an'  wi'  the 
ban' : '  said  of  a  thing  that  is  easily  done.  This  expression  is 
taken  from  ploughing  experience.  When  a  man  is  ploughing 
across  a  sloping  place,  and  has  difficulty  in  getting  the  earth  to  lie 
back,  he  would  say  it  was  '  again  the  nan' ; '  if  otherwise  he  would 
say  it  was  '  wi'  the  han' '  (s.v.  Wi'  the  han').  (23)  w.Yks.1  (34) 
Sh.I.  Da  back  o'  my  haand  baith  ta  dem  an'  der  laws,  Sh.  News 

(Apr.  a,  1898).  Cai.1  'E  back  o'  my  han'  t'ye,  I  am  done  with 
you.  Lnk.  The  back  o'  my  hand  to  ye,  Annie,  MURDOCH  Doric 
Lyre  (1873)  91.  (25)  s.Ir.  He  wasn't  in  the  forge  at  that  present, 
— but  was  expected  at  every  hand's  turn,  LOVER  Leg.  (1848)  II. 
417.  (26)  Edb.  There's  my  hand  she'll  tire,  and  soon  sing  dumb, 
FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  107,  ed.  1785.  (37.0)  n-Yks.1;  n.Yks.4 
Ah  beear  him  at  hand  foor  all  sha  knaws  aboot  what  wa  did  ay 
Sallie's.  (b)  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  'I'll  bear  thee  at  hand  for't,'  I  will 
owe  you  a  grudge  in  the  matter  ;  n.Yks.4  It  war  nowt  bud  a  dirty 
trick,  an'  Ah  s'all  awlus  beear  him  at  hand  for't.  (28)  Nhp.' 
w.Wor.1  The  fever's  made  'im  mighty  weak,  but  'e's  on  the 
mendin  'and  now.  s.Wor.  (H.K.),  ae.Wor.1  (39)  Clis  '  The 
expression  is  chiefly  used  in  buying  fat  pigs.  s.Chs.1  •  Oxf.1  MS. 
add.  (30)  Sh.I.  He  had  been  in  the  habit  of  going  south  to  sail, 
and  coming  home  again  every  year  in  time  to  give  the  '  old  folks ' 
a  hand  with  the  harvest,  NICHOLSON  Aithsiin'  Hedder  ( 1898)  7. 
Per.  It's  no  a  tracer  to  gie  ye  a  hand  at  a  brae,  Sandy  Scott  (1897) 
17.  Lnk.  John  had  come  hame  raither  sooner  than  usual,  just  to 
gie  a  bit  han',  ROY  Generalship  (ed.  1895)  7.  n.Cy.  (J.W.)  Ken. 
Give  us  a  hand  with  this,  will  you?  (D.W.L.)  (31)  Lin.  An' a 
towd  ma  my  sins,  an's  toithe  were  due,  an'  1  gied  it  in  hond, 
TENNYSON  A'.  Farmer,  Old  Style  (1864)  st.  3.  (32)  w.Wor.1  (33) 
Sc.  The  Admiral  Hamilton  .  .  .  held  both  the  king  and  them  in 
hand  for  his  own  ends,  not  yet  known,  SPALDING  Hist.  Sc.  (17921 
I.  182  (JAM.).  (34)  Nhp.1  ^5)  Gall.  He  ne'er  was  sweir  a  han' 
to  len',  NICHOLSON  Poet.  Wks.  (1814)  52,  ed.  1897.  w.Yks.  Tha'll 
suarly  len'  a  helpin'  hand  To  lift  her  off  o'  t'plat,  PRESTON  Poems 
(ed.  1881)8.  n.Lin.'  lalus  lend 'em  a  hand  when  ther'sonythinggoas 
wrong.  Nhp.^Oxf.  (G.O.)  (36.  o)  N.I. Mfyou  let  the  chile  get  the  book 
he'll  make  a  hand  of  it.  w.Yks.  (E.G.)  Lan.  Freq.  heard,  N.  V  Q. 
(1886)  7th  S.  i.  517.  e.An.1  '  He  has  made  a  hand  of  all  he  had,' 
he  has  wasted  his  whole  property.  Snf.  Children  make  a  hand  of 
a  proper  lot  of  boots,  Macmillan's  Mag.  (Sept.  1889)  358-  (*) 
s.Not.  '  I  med  a  hand  on't,'  or  'a  good  hand  out  of  it'  (J.P.K.X 
(c)  s.Chs.1  Ahy  mun  noa'  ubuwt)th  maa-rkits  ufoa  r  ahy  sel  ;  ahy 
ilu  im  waan't  bi  mai'd  u  aan-d  on  [I  mun  know  abowt  th'  markets 
afore  I  sell :  I  dunna  want  be  made  a  hand  onj.  s.Not.  He  ollus 
tries  to  mek  a  hand  on  yer  (J.P.K.).  (d  Lei.  Endeavouring  to 
urge  me  to  say  something  he  might  take  hold  of  to  make  a  hand 
of.  MS.  Acct.  of  matters  in  dispute  betw.  Thornton  and  Bosworth 
(i-jgd).  137)  Sur.1  (38)  Nhb.  There  is  still  a  very  common  dread 
amongst  some  old  people  that  evil  may  ensue  from  their  writing 
anything.  Great  caution  is  therefore  always  exercised  in  the 
matter.  '  He  wis  not  one  to  put  hand  to  paper  '  -to  commit 
himself  (R.O.H.) ;  Nhb.1  1,39)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (40)  Sc.  HISLOP 
Anecdote  (1874)  634.  Or.I.  Belus  being  much  discouraged  and 
broken  in  spirit,  despairing  of  life,  put  hand  in  himself,  and  became 
his  own  executioner,  BRAND  Hist.  v  1721  i  14  (JAM.).  Cai.1  1,41, 
Nhp.1  (42  i  Ayr.  He  is  very  anxious  to  put  to  his  haun',  SERVICE 
Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887;  163.  (43)  N.I.1  There,  don't  mind  him  ; 
he's  only  takin'  a  han'  at  you.  (.44,  Sh.I.  Trial  an'  hardship  is 
been  her  lot,  objeck,  frae  day  'at  shil  took  Aandrew  Tulloch  bi  da 
haand,  Sh.  News  (Feb.  5,  1898).  (45)  Sc.  (JAM.)  [46)  Nhb.  He 
just  took  it  up  at  his  aan  hand  (R.O.H. ). 

(b)  pi.  (i)  Hands  up,  a  term  in  curling  :  cease  sweeping ; 
(2)  among  hands,  (3)  a/ween  — ,  in  the  intervals  of  other 
engagements,  between  whiles  ;  (41  between  — ,  in  the  mean- 
time ;  (5)  first — ,  early,  at  the  beginning;  (6)  through-  , 
in  hand  ;  discussed,  done  with,  settled  ;  17)  to  be  in  nands 
with,  (a)  to  possess  in  a  certain  way  ;  (b)  to  be  in  a  state 
of  courtship  with  ;  (8)  to  be  no  great  hands,  not  to  be  any- 
thing very  good  or  remarkable  ;  (9)  to  have  no  hands  with, 
to  have  nothing  to  do  with,  have  no  dealings  or  connexion 
with  ;  (10)  to  lay  hands  on,  to  baptize;  (n)  to  put  in  one's 
hands,  (12)  to  put  out  one's  hands,  to  help  oneself  at  table. 

(i  Ayr.  I  carena  though  ye're  twa  ells  short — Hands  up — 
there's  walth  o'  pouther,  BOSWELL  Poet.  Wks.  (ed.  1871)  196.  (a) 
Gall.  Little  jobs  are  sometimes  done  amang  hans ;  that  is  to  say, 
they  are  done  without,  in  any  shape,  retarding  the  large  job,  MAC- 
TAGGART Encycl.(  1834) 8, ed.  1876.  n.Cy.iJ.\V.)  (3)Sc.(jAM.)  (4)Per. 
The  carles  did  baith  rant  and  roar,  And  delt  some  knoits  between- 
hands,  NICOL  Poems  (1766)  48.  nuCy.  (J.W.)  (5)  Snr.1  They 
didn't  get  much  of  a  shoot  first  hands.  (6j  Ayr.  Haith  !  we'se 
hae  mony  an  auld  ploy  through  hauns  again  I  SERVICE  Notandums 
(1890)  3.  (j,  a)  Sc.  GAM.)  (b]  Sc.  He's  in  hands  wi'  Jean ;  do 
ye  think  they'll  mak  it  out  ?  (ib.)  (8)  Stf.  I'm  no  great  hands  of  a 
traveller,  MURRAY  Joseph's  Coat  (1883)  38.  1,9)  Glo.  'Ee  did  et 
yer  see,  and  I  didn't  'a  no  'ands  wi'  ut,  BUCKMAN  Darke's  Sojourn 
(1890)  iv ;  Glo.1  I  won't  have  no  hands  wi  ye.  Wil.1  I  shan't  hae 
no  hands  wi't.  (10  Sc.  This  daft  divine  Shall  ne'er  lay  hands  on 




bairn  o' yours  and  mine,  LEIGHTON  Wds.  (1869)  13.  (n)  Sh.I. 
Whin  we  wir  set  wis  in,  I  says,  '  Gud  bliss  wis,  men.  Pit  in  your 
haands  an'  begin,'  Sh.  News  (.Sept.  18,  1897).  (12)  Gall.  (A.W.) 

3.  Fig.   A  workman,  servant ;  an  employe  in  a  factory 
or  mill.     In  gen.  colloq.  use. 

Frf.  One  of  the  old  '  wrichts  '  had  several  apprentices  and  even 
a  few  journeyman  '  hands,'  INGLIS  Ain  Flk.  (1895)  39.  Per.  This 
isna  the  way  they  do  wi'  hired  hands  where  I  come  frae,  Sandy 
Scott  (1897)  10.  n.Yks.2  An  individual.  A  helper.  '  Good  hand, 
good  hire,'  good  servant,  good  wages.  w.Yks.  Dun  yo  everspeak 
up  fur  th'  honds?  Warty  Rhymes  (1894)  18 ;  (F.J.N.);  w.Yks.3 
n. Liu.1  Women  and  children  who  work  upon  a  farm.  The  labourers 
and  servant  '  chaps '  are  not  hands.  s.Oxf.  The  'ands  are  busy 
threshin'  now  most  days,  jest  the  last  o'  my  barley,  ROSEMARY 
Chiltems  (1895)  39. 

4.  An  adept,  clever  performer. 

Sh.I.  Doo's  da  haand  fir  borin'  even  gengs,  Sh.  News  (Apr.  29, 
1899).  Abd.  He  was  nae  han'  at  bargain-makin'  an'  that,  ALEX- 
ANDER Ain  Flk.  (1882)  16.  Per.  Gin  there  wasna  a  better  hand  I 
would  hae  to  do  my  endeavour,  Sandy  Scott  (1897)  56.  Ayr.  He's  a 
great  han'  for  splorin'  about  his  punctuality  in  ordinary  transactions, 
HUNTER  Studies  (1870)  283.  n.Cy.  (J.W.)  n.Yks. '  She  is  a  good 
hand,'  she  is  a  clever  needlewoman  (T.S.).  s.Stf.  He  was  a 
reg'lar  hond  at  carvin',  PINNOCK  Blk.  Cy.  Ann.  (1895).  Nhp.1  A 
bad  hand  at  that  work.  Oxf.  (G.O.)  Nrf.  You  grind  the  scythes. 
You're  a  better  hand  on  it  than  I  am,  EMERSON  Son  of  Fens 
(1892,248.  Sus.  HOLLOW  AY. 

5.  Handwriting;  signature. 

Rnf.  I  doot  it's  no  dune  for  improvin"  his  haun,  NEILSON  Poems 
(1877)  48.  Nhp.1  Put  your  hand  to  this  receipt. 

6.  A  handling,  feel  when  handled. 

Wil.  Corn  has  a  good  hand  when  it  is  dry  and  slippery  in  the 
sack  :  a  bad  hand  when  damp  and  rough,  DAVIS  Agric.(T&i$) ;  Wil.1 

7.  Fig.   Anything  difficult  to  manage,  a 'handful';  esp.  in 
phr.  a  great  hand. 

Crab.  He's  been  a  great  hand  to  me  sin'  he's  been  ill  (M.J.B.). 
Sus.  '  A  great  hand,'  a  good  deal  of  trouble,  as  the  trouble  of 
bringing  up  a  delicate  child  S.P.H.).  Ess.  Well,  sir,  children 
are  a  hand  (A.S.P.)  ;  Mother's  a  great  hand  S.P.H.  .  Sur.1  It's 
a  very  great  hand  to  have  so  many  sick  people.  Sus.1  I  was  a 
terrible  hand  to  mother  all  the  time  I  was  down  with  the  titus-fever. 

8.  Business,  performance,  job. 

Ayr.  A  bonnie  haun  ye  had  made  o't,  GALT  Ptovost  (1826)  xxxiii. 
Edb.  See  what  a  bonny  hand  ye'll  mak  o't!  Tint  Quey  (1796)  15. 
Gall.  He  makes  a  bad  hand  o'  himsell,  i.  e.  he  abuses  himself 
(A.W.).  n.Cy.  (J.W.I  Nrf.,  Suf.,  Hmp.  HOLLOWAY. 

9.  The  horse  that  walks  on  the  left-hand  side  in  a  team, 
as  opposed  to  the  '  fur'  or  '  furrow '  horse. 

Ayr.  My  han'  afore's  a  gude  auld  has-been,  BURNS  Inventory 
(1786)  1.  8  ;  My  han'  ahin's  a  weel  gaun  fillie,  ib.  1.  10.  e.Lth. 
Ye  couldna  fit  him  wrang  In  whatna  yoke  ye  bade  him  gang  .  .  . 
Following  or  leadin',  hand  or  fur,  MUCKLEBACKIT  Rhymes  (1885) 
61.  N.I.1  The  horse  that  walks  on  the  unploughed  land  is  said  to 
be  '  in  the  han' ' ;  the  other  horse  is  called  the  '  fur  horse  '  (s.v. 
Wi'  the  han'). 

10.  Direction ;  neighbourhood. 

Abd.  Nearer  han'  hame,  at  Marnoch,  ALEXANDER  Johnny  Gibb 
(1871)  xiii.  Nhb.  Ever  se  mony  cheps  fre  Rothbury  hand  came 
up,  OLIVER  Rambles  in  Nhb.  1,1835)  156;  (R.O.H.)  ;  Nhb.1 
Lakel.2  He  co's  off  o'  Kendal  hand  bi'  t'twang  on  him.  Cum.1 
He's  gone  towart  Ireby  and  that  hand ;  Cum.4  n.Yks.2  1  went 
ower  te  Kirby  hand.  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  Lan.  They  moight  get  th' 
job  done  gradely  nigherhant  than  Gratna  Green,  BANKS  Forbidden 
(1885)  xxv. 

11.  A  shoulder  of  pork,  when  cut  as  a  joint  without  the 
blade-bone.     Gen.  in  phr.  a  hand  of  pork. 

N.I.1  A  ham  made  from  the  fore-leg  of  a  pig.     s.Don.  SIMMONS 
Gl.  (1890).     Not.  (J.H.B.),  Lin.  (W.W.S.),  Nhp.1,  War.23     Oxf.1 
MS.  add.     Hnt.  (T.P.F.  ,  e.An.1,  e.Suf.  (F.H.),  w.Som.1 
"12.  The  fore  upright  of  a  gate. 

Nhb.1  '  Hand  and  har,'  front  and  back  uprights. 

13.  A  measure  for  water-cress. 

Lon.  We  buy  the  water-cresses  by  the' hand.'  One  hand  will  make 
about  five  halfpenny  bundles,  MAYHEW  Land.  Labour  \  1851)  I.  150. 

14.  v.    Phr.  (i)  to  hand  about,  to  escort  a  lady ;  (2)  —  out, 
to  distribute ;   (3)  —  up,  to  summon,  bring  up  before  a 
magistrate  ;  (4)  —  me  down,  any  article  purchased  second- 
hand or  ready  made  ;  any  odd-looking  garment ;  (5)  -tne- 
down  looking,  worthless,  good-for-nothing  in  appearance. 

(i)  Nrf.  We  met  several  young  couples  out  for  a  walk.  '  Dash 
it,  master,  they  fare  to  be  a-handing  'em  about  to-night'  ( W.R.E.). 
(a)  n.Lin.1  Ey,  Miss,  it's  Loord  'at  hands  oot  iv'rything  'e  riches 
an'  poverty,  an'  sickness  an'  health.  (3)  Suf.  If  you  do  ...  Ill 
hand  you  up  before  the  justice,  STRICKLAND  Old  Friends  (1864)  9. 
(4)  Dmb.  Och  try  nae  maira  han-me-down,  But  tryst  ta  braw  new 
clock,  TAYLOR  Poems  (1827)  no.  N.I.1  Whar  did  ye  get  that  auld 
hand  ma  doon  of  a  coat?  Nhp.  N.  &  Q.  '1878)  5th  S.  ix.  263. 
[Amer.  Kansas  Univ.  Quar.  (1892)  I.]  (.5)  Lnk.  Ye've  maybe 
heard  o'  the  braw  troot  that  a  lang-haired  han'-me-doon  looking 
creatur'  pented  on  the  shutter  o'  the  box-bed  in  the  Gledshaw 
kitchen,  FRASER  Whaups  (1895)  188. 

15.  To  sign.     e.An.1  They  made  me  hand  a  paper. 

16.  Toactassecond  in  afight  eitherbetween  men  or  cocks. 
s.Don.  SIMMONS  Gl.  (iSgoV     Wil.1     n.Wil.   I'll  hand  'e,  if  you 

be  gwain  to  fight  un  (E.H.G.). 

Hence  Hander  or  Handler,  sb.  (i)  a  second  in  a  fight ; 
(2)  the  adviser  of  a  competitor  in  a  ploughing-match. 

(i)  Nhb.  A  famous  '  handler'  who  died  not  long  ago  had  but  to 
make  his  appearance  at  the  [church]  door,  and  the  usually  long 
sermon,  and  prayer  almost  as  long,  were  abridged,  the  sleepy 
congregation  .  .  .  would  be  seen  making  for  a  well-known 
rendezvous,  where  mains  were  often  fought  on  Sunday  afternoons, 
Longman's  Mag.  (Feb.  1897)  331.  n.Lin.1,  sw.Lin.1,  Hrf.1  Wil. 
BRITTON  Beauties  (1825) ;  Wil.1  n.Wil.  Who's  agwain  to  be 
hander  thun  ?  (E.H.G.)  (2)  Gall.  Every  competitor  has  a  friend, 
a  ploughman,  to  help  and  advise  him  during  the  competition,  who 
is  called  a  'hander.'  The  friend  walks  beside  the  competitor,  and 
is  of  special  service  in  the  opening  up  of  the  first  furrow,  and  at 
the  ends  of  each  furrow  (A.W.). 

HANDECHAMP,  sb.  ?  Obs.  w.Yks.  Also  in  form 
handerhamp  (HALL.).  A  ruffle.  (HALL.),  w.Yks.1 

HANDED,///,  adj.  Sc.  Nhb.  Chs.  Nhp.  1.  In  phr. 
(i)  handed  squares,  salt-making  term  :  squares  of  salt  such 
as  are  commonly  hawked  about  the  streets.  Chs.1 ;  (2) 
well  handed,  clever  at  particular  work.  Nhb.1 ;  (3)  to  swop 
even-handed,  to  exchange  without  profit.  Yks.  (J.W.),  Nhp.1 
2.  Hand  in  hand. 

Fif.  One  summer  eve,  as  in  delightful  walk.  Handed,  they  past 
down  Thirdpart's  avenue,  TENNANT  Anster  (1812)  105,  ed.  1871. 

HANDEL,  sb.  Sc.  Light  refreshment  taken  before 
breakfast,  a  snack  of  food. 

Slg.  First  cut  our  handel,  weel  ye  ken  our  due,  Good  routh  o' 
bread  and  cheese  and  \vhiskey  blue,  GALLOWAY  Limcarty  ( 1804)  25. 
HANDERMENT,  sb.    Cor.2    Obstruction,  delay,  hin- 

HANDERSOME,     adj.        n.Yks.2     w.Yks.1     ne.Lan.1 
[a'ndasam.]     Handy  ;  inclined  to  meddle,  meddling. 
[Handersome,/ae#0sMs,  LEVINS  (1570).] 
HANDING,  prp.    War.  Glo.  Oxf.  Brks.  Wil.    Also  in 
forms  handen- Glo. ;  handson- Glo.1    [ae'ndin.]    Incomp. 
(i)  Handing-point,  (2)  -post,  a  sign-post,  finger-post. 

(i)  Glo.  (S.S.B.)  (2)  War.3  Glo.  A  bit  further  along  you'll 
come  to  a  'andin  post  (E.S.)  ;  You'll  see  a  handen  post  at  road 
end  (A.J.M.) ;  Glo.1  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  Brks.  Quite  commonly 
spoken  and  written.  Wil.1 

HANDKERCHIEF,  sb.  Var.  dial,  forms  in  Sc.  and  Eng. 
I.  Dial,  forms:  (i)  Ankatcher,  (2)  Ankercher,  (3) 
Ankitcher,  (4)  Hancheker,  (5)  Hancurchor,  (6)  Han- 
cutcher,  (7)  Handkecher,  (8)  Handkercher,  (9)  Hand- 
kerchy,  (10)  Handkertcher,  (n)  Handketcher,  (12) 
Hangecher,  (13)  Hangkecher,  (14)  Hangkicher,  (15) 
Hangkitcher,  (16)  Hankcher,  (17)  Hankecher,  (18) 
Hankercher,  (19)  Hankerchir,  (20)  Hankershor,  (21) 
Hanketcher,  (22)  Hankicher.  (23)  Hankisher,  (24)  Han- 
kitch,  (25)  Hankitchor,  (26)  Hanksher,  (27)  Hankutcher, 
(28)  Hanky,  (29)  Hankycher,  (30)  Hanshaker,  (31) 
Henkicher,  (32)  Henkitch,  (33)  Ontcher. 

(i)  Not.3  (2)  s.War.1  Dev.  'E  tuk  out  ez  'ankercher,  BURNETT 
Stable  Boy  (1888)  xi.  (3)  War.2,  se.Wor.1  (4)  nw.Der.1  (5) 
Nhb.  (R.O.H.)  (6)  w.Yks.1  (7)  Lan.  WESTALL  Birch  Dene  (1889) 
I.  299.  Dev.  Reports  Provinc.  (1887)  8.  (8)  n.Lin.1,  sw.Lin.1 
Midi.  Common  (E.S.).  War.3  Shr.1  Ang-kur'chur'.  Cor.  A  clane 
handkercher,  Longman's  Mag.  (Feb.  1893)  380.  (9)  w.Yks.  Polish 
it  up  wi'  his  handkerchy,  HARTLEY  Clock  Aim.  (1878)  7.  (10) 
Not.  (J.H.B.)  (n)N.I.1  (i2)e.Lan.1  (13)  w.Som.1  Ang'kechur. 
(14)  m.Lan.1  Som.  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825).  .(.15)  Oxf.1 
(16)  Cor.1  (17)  Cum.3  His  white  hankecher,  2.  Chs.1,  nw.Der.1 




(18  Ir.  Corners  of  '  hankerchers,'  BARLOW  Idylls  (1892)  ii.  Cum. 
That  reed  check  hankercher,  Mary  Drayson  (1873)  33.  w.Yks.2, 
War.4,  Brks.1,  Sur.1  Som.  A  white  pocket-han'kercher,  RAYMOND 
Sam  and  Sabina  (1894)  34.  (19)  w.Yks.  Spread  yer  hankerchir 
o'  t'top  on't,  BRONTE  Wuthering  His.  (1847)  xiii.  (20)  Nhb. 
iR.O.H.i  (ai)  Lan.  An  owd  hanketcher,  CLEGG  Reaund  bi  M 
Derby  (1890)  9.  (aa)  w.Yks.  Yks.  Wkly.  Post  (Apr.  10,  1897). 
I.W.1  Som.  Their  white  '  hankichers,'  RAYMOND  Men  o  Mendip 
(1898)  xiii.  (33)  Cum.1  (34)  s.Chs.1  Aangk-ich.  ,35)  Nhb. 
(R.O.H.)  (36)  Cor.  She  took  un  out  of  the  hanksher,  HICHAM 
Dial.  (1866)  6.  (37)  Dur.1,  Cum.1,  n.Yks.  (T.S.)  (28)  Sh.I.  She 
had  tied  in  the  corner  of  her  hanky,  BURGESS  Sketches  (and  ed.) 
29.  e.Sc.  I've  tied  your  hanky  round  it,  SETOUN  7?.  Urquhart 
^1896)  xix.  Frf.  The  pupils  had  to  bring  handkerchiefs  to  the 
Dovecot,  which  led  to  its  being  called  the  Hanky  School,  BARRIE 
Tommy  (1896)  157.  Fif.  Ane  o'  Stewart's  tippence-happeny 
Union  Jack  hankies.  M'L-AREN  Tibbie  (1894)  14.  Oxf.  (W.D.), 
Snr.  (L.J.Y.)  (39)  Lon.  MAYHEW  Prisons  ( 1862  424.  (30)  Chs.1 
Shr.1  An-shukur.  (31  j  w.Yks.  BANKS  Wkfld.  Wds.  (1865).  (33) 
s-Chs.1  (33)  se-Wor.1 

n.  Dial.  use.  In  comp.  Handkerchief-dance,  a  country 
dance  performed  with  handkerchiefs. 

Oxf.1  Som.  They  had  '  Hunt  the  squirrel '  and  the  handkerchief 
dance,  RAYMOND  Men  o'  Mendip  (1898)  xiii. 

HANDLE,  sb.  and  v.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and 
Eng.  Also  written  handel  Sh.I. ;  and  in  forms  han'le  Ayr. 
N.I.1;  hannel  Cum.14 ;  hann'l  n.Yks.4  [h)a-n(d)l,ae-n(d)l.] 

1.  sb.   In  phr.  to  make  a  handle  of  anything,  to  endeavour 
to  turn  a  thing  to  one's  own  advantage  or  to  another's 

Sc.  fA.W.),  Nhp.1  Nrf.  To  represent  a  subject  matter  more  to 
the  disadvantage  or  discredit  of  a  person  than  the  circumstance 
will  really  admit ;  to  exaggerate,  though  frequently  in  a  jocular 
way;  to  banter;  to  ridicule  (W.W.S.). 

2.  Comp.   Handle-dish,  a  hand-cup,  a  bowl  with  a  handle. 
Sus.  (S.P.H.),  Sus.1 

3.  A  hand,  esp.  the  hand  of  a  clock  or  watch. 

w.Yks.  f)a  muant  leak  wi'  t'anlz  3  t'tlok.  Av  brokan  litl  anl  3 
mi  wots  (J.W.);  T'meter  hannels,  BINNS  Orig.  (1889)  5. 

4.  Fishing  tackle  or  gear.    Also  in  form  handlin. 

Sh.I.  I'  da  time  'at  1  got  me  handel  tagedder,  Girzzie  leepid  da 
bait,  an'  lightin'  me  pipe  awa'  I  gengs.  Sh.  News  (Oct.  a,  1897)  ; 
My  sniiids  an'  handlin  rex  me  doon,  Dey're  dere  upo'  da  lame, 
STEWART  Tales  (1892)  92. 

5.  A  large  pail  or  tub.    Also  in  comb.  Milk-hannel. 
Cum.1 ;  Cum.4  A  tub  larger  than  a  '  geggin,'  wider  at  the  bottom 

than  the  top,  but  with  a  proportionately  shorter  stave-handle  ; 
used  for  collecting  the  milk  in  the  byre,  or  for  carrying  water 
from  a  spring ;  it  was  carried  on  the  head. 

6.  v.   To  secure,  get  hold  of,  esp.  to  receive  or  get  money 
from ;  to  touch. 

Knr.  '  Handle  the  dust,'  to  receive  money  (JAM.).  Ayr.  Ne'er 
a  bawbee  hae  I  yet  han'let  o'  the  price,  GALT  Gilhaize  (1823)  i. 
Gall.  It  canna  be  proven  that  ever  I  handled  a  plack  o'  the  price, 
CROCKETT  Anna  Mark  (1899)  Hi.  n.Cy.  (J.W.)  s.Not.  If  they 
ain't  allus  handlin'  on  yer,  they  wain't  be  civil  to  yer  (J.P.K.;. 
11. Lin.1  Times  is  straange  an'  bad,  I  niver  handled  soa  little  money 
as  I  hev  this  last  year.  I  weSnt  hev  you  bairns  han'lin  bull,  he'll 
be  stabbin'  on  you.  Oxf.  (G.O.1! 

7.  To  put  an  arm  round  a  girl's  waist. 

Brks.1  In  love  making,  where  the  swain  may  not  have  flow  of 
language,  he  may  sometimes  attempt  to  put  his  arm  round  the 
girl's  waist ;  this  is  called  '  handlin'  on  her,'  and  would  probably 
be  met  by  the  command  to  '  Adone  now,'  or  a  more  decided  '  Gie 
out! ' 

8.  To  use,  employ,  make  use  of,  not  necessarily  with  the 
hands ;  esp.  in  phr.  to  handle  the  feet. 

N.I.1  '  Handle  yer  feet,"  make  good  use  of  your  legs.  n.Lin.1 
An  old  woman  who  was  lame  said,  '  I  can't  han'le  my  feet  so  well 
as  I  ewsed  to  could.'  Ess.1 

9.  To  deal  with,  treat,  manage;  to  afflict  with  illness,  &c. 
Gen.  mpass. 

Ayr.  Tightly  he  did  the  guager  han'le,  The  mair  he  shuck  the 
fallow  by  the  throat,  BOSWELL  Poet.  Wks.  (1816)  148,  ed.  1871. 
n.Yks.1  He's  been  desper't'ly  sair  hannled  wi'  t'fever.  A  chap's 
lahk  t'be  parlously  hannled  gif  he  gits  intiv  t'haands  o'  thae  low- 
wers  [lawyers] ;  n.Yks.2  I  was  varry  sair  hannel'd  that  bout ; 
n.Yk».4  Tha  hann'ld  t'lad  varry  badly.  Sha's  varra  kittlish  an' 
bad  ti  hann'l.  ne.Yks.1  He's  very  queerly  hannl'd.  w.Yks.  (J.W.) 

10.  To  drag  up  a  curling-stone  by  the  handle. 

Sc.  It  is  said  of  a  stone  that  has  not  pith,  'handle't'  (G.W.); 
Big  Andra  fairly  felled  his  stane,  Handle  'im  a  hog  or  I'm  mistaen, 
R.  Caled.  Curling  Club  Ann.  (1886-7). 

11.  To  hurry,  exert  oneself.     N.I.1 
HANDLEBERRY,  HANDLER,  see  Angleberry,  sb.', 

Hand,  v.  16. 

HANDLING,  sb.  Sc.  Not.  Also  in  forms  haandling 
Sh.I. ;  hannlin'  Lnk.  1.  A  business,  affair  ;  a  position  of 
trust,  stewardship  ;  interference,  intermeddling. 

Sc.  He  wad  fain  hae  a  handling  in  that  affair  (JAM.).  Sh.I.  (K.L.I.) 
w.Sc.  A  discussion,  altercation,  quarrel  (ib.SuppI.).  Gall.  Me  wi'the 
care  o'  yer  gran'faither—  sic  a  handling,  him  nae  better  nor  a  bairn, 
CROCKETT  Sunbonnet  (1895)  iv.  Kcb.  He  giveth  him  no  handling 
or  credit,  only  he  intrusteth  him  with  common  errands,  wherein 
he  cannot  play  the  knave,  RUTHERFORD  Lett.  (1660;  No.  106. 

2.  An  entertainment,  party,  meeting,  gathering. 

w.Sc.  A  merry-making,  a  meeting  of  friends  or  opponents  for 
discussion;  a  soiree  is  often  called  a  tea-hanlan  (JAM.  Supple. 
Dmb.  Thae  gangrel  folk  At  ilka  han'lin'  aye  afore  the  clock, 
SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  68.  Ayr.  We  are  providing  for  a 
handling.  GALT  Legatees  (1820)  viii.  Lnk.  I  proposed  to  John  that 
we  should  hae  a  kind  o'  hannlin'  by  way  o'  heatin  the  house,  ROY 
Generalship  (ed.  1895^1  6.  Dmf.  I  had  only  been  yinst  in  her  house 
since  she  settled,  and  that  was  at  a  promiscuous  tea  handling, 
SHAW  Schoolmaster  (1899)  329. 

3.  A  boat-hook. 

Not.  (J.H.B.);  A  species  of  boat-hook  with  two  prongs  at  the 
end  instead  of  a  hook,  used  for  propelling  a  boat  across  a  river 

HANDLUM,  adj.    w.Som.1    Awkward,  clumsy  of  hand. 

Uur-z  dh-an'lumsmaa-yd  livur  aay  zee'd  ;  uur-ul  tae'ur  ubroa'ud 
moo'ur  cloa'm-un  ur  wae'ujez  kau'ms  tiie  [She  is  the  handlumest 
girl  I  ever  saw ;  she  will  tear  abroad  more  crockery  than  her 
wages  come  to]. 

HANDMAN,  sb.     Obs.    ?  Dev.     A  man-servant. 

She,  .  .  in  imitation  of  the  patriarchs  of  old,  went  to  bed  to  the 
handman,  because  her  consort  was  stricken  in  years,  SHEBBEARE 
Matrimony  (1754^  II.  245,  ed.  1766. 

HANDSALE,  see  Auncel. 

HANDSEL,  sb.  and  v.  In  gen.  dial,  use  in  Sc.  Irel.  and 
Eng.  Also  in  forms  ansel(l  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Chs.2  Der.2 
nw.Der.1  Not.  Dev. ;  anstil  Chs. ;  hansel(l  Sc.  (JAM.)  N.I.1 
Nhb.  Dur.1  s.Dur.  Cum.14  Wm.  n.Yks.14  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.2 
Lan.1  Chs.13  s.Chs.1  nw.Der.1  Not.1  n.Lin.1  sw.Lin.1  Lei.1 
War.3  Shr.1  Hrf.  e.An.2  Suf.1  Sus.1  Hmp.  Dor.  [h)a'nsl, 
ae'nsl.]  1.  sb.  A  gift  conferred  at  a  particular  season  or 
on  the  commencement  of  a  new  undertaking  to  confer 
luck  ;  an  auspicious  beginning  ;  a  good  omen.  Also  used 

Sc.  The  first  thing  ye'll  get  for  your  handsel  in  the  morning 
will  be  a  sonsie  breakfast,  FORD  Thistledown  11891)332  ;  Her  new 
year's  hansel  for  to  gie,  DONALD  Poems  (1867)  249.  Sh.I.  The 
first  house  to  be  visited  was  Braefield,  where  they  were  hopeful 
of  getting  a  good  'hansel,'  CLARK  Gleams  (1898)  150.  ne.Sc. 
When  one  put  on  a  piece  of  new  dress,  a  coin  of  the  realm  called 
hansel,  had  to  be  put  into  one  of  the  pockets.  When  one  put  on 
a  piece  of  new  dress,  a  kiss  was  given  to  and  taken  from  the  wearer, 
and  was  called  the  '  beverage  o'  the  new  claes.'  When  a  boy  or 
girl  wearing  a  piece  of  new  dress  entered  a  neighbour's  house 
something  was  given  as  hansel,  GREGOR  Fit-Lore  (1881)  31.  Abd. 
When  the  christening  was  over,  the  old  minister  put  a  half-crown 
into  the  baby's  breast  for  '  hansel,' ALEXANDER  Ain  Fit.  (1882) 
25.  Per.  Gie  the  student  his  degree,  The  advocat'  his  hansel  fee, 
HALIBURTON  Ochil  Idylls  (1891)  135.  Flf.  Granny,  gie's  oor 
hansel,  It's  new-year's  day,  DOUGLAS  Poems  (1806)  68.  Dmb.  By 
and  by  ...  To  gi'e  us  a'  our  hansel  time  about.  SALMON  Gowodean 
(1868)  70.  Rnf.  Whan  buskit  oot  in  braw  new  claes,  Auld grannie's 
hansel's  never  miss't,  NEILSON  Poems  (1877)  16.  Ayr.  Ye'll  no 
guess  what  the  Gudeman  has  in  his  pouch  to  gie  them  for  hansel 
to  their  matrimony,  GALT  Entail  (1823)  xx  ;  A  blast  o'  Janwar 
win'  Blew  hansel  in  on  Robin,  BURNS  There  was  a  Lad,  St.  a. 
Lnk.  Ye're  bringin*  us  ben  A  hansel  o'  fortune  for  a',  New  Year ! 
WRIGHT  Life  (1897)  75.  Edb.  Auld-nick  may  gie't  for  them  its 
handsel,  LEARMONT  Poems  (1791)  164.  Nhb.  '  A  hansel  penny"  is 
usually  put  into  the  pocket  of  any  new  garment  to  hansel  it  and 
the  formula  repeated,  '  Health  to  weer,  strength  to  teer,  an  money 
to  buy  another'  (R.O.H.).  w.Yks.  I  must  buy  something  for 
ansel  (H.F.S.).  Lan.  Money  given  when  anything  new  is  under- 




taken,  THORNBER  Hist.  Blackpool  (1837");  Lan.1  A  gift  given  to 
the  first  purchaser.  s.Hmp.  I've  brought  a  parcel.  .  .  T'aint  often 
as  a  handsel  comes  to  the  Woodhouse,  VERNEY  L.  Lisle  (1870) 
vii.  Dor.  Something  given  to  a  young  woman  at  her  wedding 
towards  house-keeping  is  called  a  '  good-handsel '  in  the  vale  of 
Blackmore,  BARNES  Gl.  (1863);  A  goodish  hansel  come  Behind 
her  pretty  soon,  ib.  Poems  (1869-70)  3rd  S.  72. 

2.  Comp.  (i)  Handsel-e'en,  the  eve  of  the  first  Monday 
of  the  New  Year ;  (2)  -Monday,  the  first  Monday  of  the 
New  Year ;  Auld  Handsel  Monday,  the  first  Monday  of 
the  year,   Old   Style ;    (3)  -Tuesday,  the  first   Tuesday 
of  the  New  Year  ;   (4)  -wife,  the  woman  who  distributes 
the  '  handsel '  or  gifts  at  a  marriage. 

(i)  Lth.  One  hansel-e'en,  on  begging  bound,  He  trudged  the 
rural  district  round,  MCNEJLL  Preston  (c.  1895)  9.  (a)  Bch.  It  was 
deemed  unlucky  to  spend  money  in  any  form  on  hansel  Monandy, 
GREGOR  Flk-Lore  1881)  164.  e.Sc.  Hansel  Monday's  comin'  on, 
We'll  get  pies  and  porter.  SETOUN  Sunshine  (1895)  I.  Per.  As 
brisk  a  morn's  I've  seen  For  mony  a  Hansel-Munonday,  FORD 
Harp  (1893^  385.  w.Sc.  Hansell  Monday,  on  which  occasion 
practices  similar  to  those  of  Yule  were  observed,  NAPIER  Flk-Lore 
(1879)  155.  Fit  For  one  to  propose  the  substitution  of  New 
Year's  Day  for  Auld  Handsel-Monday  as  the  winter  festival  was 
to  invite  contemptuous  ostracism,  ROBERTSON  Provost  (1894)  53. 
Clc.  On  the  evening  of  Handsel  Monday,  as  it  is  called,  some  of  his 
neighbours  came  to  make  merry  with  him,  Statist.  Ace.  XV.  201 
n.  (JAM.)  s.Sc.  All  our  fun  of  Beltane,  Halloween,  Hogmanay, 
and  Hanselmonday  are  gone,  WILSON  Tales  (1839)  V.  65.  Ayr. 
I  was  sitting  on  Hansel  Monday  by  myself,  GALT  Ann.  Parish 
(1821)  xxxvi.  Lnk.  We  renounce.  ..  New-year's  day,  and  Hansel- 
monday, WODROW  Ch.  Hist.  ,1721)  III.  351,  ed.  1828.  Lth.  Auld 
Hansel  Monday  comes  again  Wi'  routhy  mirth  an'  cheer,  LUMSDEN 
Sheep-head  (1892)  35.  Edb.  Auld  Handsel  Monday.  A  day  set 
apart,  by  the  common  people  in  this  country,  for  feasting  and 
drinking,  Auld  Handsel  Monday  (1792)  17.  Jr.  The  first  Monday 
in  the  year,  when  formerly  a  present  or  hansel  was  given  by  a 
master  or  mistress  to  the  servants,  and  by  fathers  or  mothers  to 
children.  Anything  that  comes  into  your  possession  that  day 
indicates  luck,  such  as  a  child,  calf,  lamb,  or  money.  If  you 
receive  on  Hansel  Monday  you  will  be  sure  to  be  lucky  the  rest  of 
the  year,  Flk-Lore  Rec.  (1881)  IV.  107.  N.I.1  Nhb.  At  the  Trinity 
House,  Newcastle,  on  Hansel-Monday  every  free  brother  who 
answers  to  his  name  is  entitled  to  five  shillings  in  money,  quarter 
a  pound  of  tobacco,  a  glass  of  wine,  and  as  much  bread  and  cheese 
and  ale  as  he  pleases  (R.O.H.).  Lakel.2  It  is  customary  to 
make  children  and  servants  a  present.  Chs.1  13)  Edb.  My  barrel 
.  ,  .  has  na  gotten  sic  a  fill  Sin  fu'  on  Handsel-Teysday,  FERGUSSON 
Poems  (1773)  168.  ed.  1785.  (4)  Or. I.  Gen.  the  bride's  mother 
(JAM.  Suppl.). 

3.  The  first  money  received  in  the  dayforthesaleof  goods ; 
also  the  first  purchaser. 

Sc.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.)  Edb.  A  bareheaded  lassie, 
hoping  to  be  hansel,  threw  down  twopence,  MOIR  Mattsic  Wauch 
(1828)  vi.  Nhb.  (R.O.H.)  Dur.  Thus,  fishwomen  and  hucksters 
generally  spit  upon  the  hansel,  i.  e.  the  first  money  they  receive, 
HENDERSON  Flk-Lore  (1879)  i.  s.Dur.  Now  gie  us  a  hansel,  a've 
selt  nowt  te-day — just  gie  us  a  hansel  for  luck  (J.E.D.).  Lakel.1, 
Cum.14  n.Wm.  Giv  us  a  hansel  (B.K.).  n.Yks.  (W.H.)  ; 
n.Yks.1;  n.Yks.2  '  There's  handsel  this  morning,'  says  the  sales- 
man, as  he  shows  the  coin  to  the  bystanders  for  the  first  thing  he 
has  sold.  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.2  Hawkers  and  pedlars  who  go  round 
from  house  to  house  say,  '  Please  give  me  hansel,  missis ' ;  w.Yks.3 
'  I've  not  taken  a  handsel  .to-day.'  On  receiving  a  handsel,  the 
recipient  sometimes  turns  it  over  and  spits  on  it  '  for  luck.'  Lan. 
Hansell  (they  say)  is  always  lucky  when  well  wet  [i.  e.  with 
spittle],  HARI.AND  &  WILKINSON  Flk-Lore  (1867)  70.  Chs.  I  have 
given  you  a  good  ansel,  Chs.  N.  &  Q.  (1881)  I.  82;  Chs.1  '  Gi  me 
a  hansel  this  morning.'  There  is  a  sort  of  idea  that  it  brings  good 
luck  ;  Chs.3  s.Chs.1  Gy'i)mi  u  aan-sl,  un  it)l  gy'i)mi  gild  liik. 
Der.2,  nw.Der.1  Not.  (J.H.B.) ;  Not.1  Ah've  sold  nowt  yet,  won't 
yer  gie  me  a  hansel  ?  sw.Lin.1  Won't  you  give  us  a  hansel  ?  i.  e. 
make  a  first  purchase  of  our  wares.  Nhp.1  The  first  money  received 
in  the  day,  by  small  tradesmen  or  hawkers,  is  commonly  called 
'  taking  handsell ' ;  and  many  superstitiously  spit  upon  it,  to  pro- 
pitiate good  luck.  Shr.1  Bless  yo'.  Missis,  tak'  summat  off  me  jest 
fur  'ansel ;  I've  carried  my  basket  all  mornin'  an'  never  soud  a  crock. 
Thank  yo',  Missis,  I'll  spit  on  this,  an'  'ope  it'll  be  lucky.  Shr., 
Hrf.  BOUND  Provinc.  (1876).  Cth.  (W.W.S.)  Lon.  GROSE  (1790) 
MS.  add.  (M.)  e.An.12  Nrf.  You  are  intreated  by  an  itinerant 
hawker  to  give  him  a  hansell,  COZENS-HARDY  Broad  Nrf.  (1893) 
VOL.  m. 

71.  e.Suf.  (F.H.)  Sns.1  The  market  women  have  a  custom  of 
kissing  the  first  coin,  spitting  on  it,  and  putting  it  in  a  pocket  by 
itself  for  luck.  Dev.  The  good  luck,  which  the  foolish  Devonshire 
market  women  spit  upon,  or  kiss,  and  then  put  into  their  purse 
or  pocket,  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  202.  Cor.1  When  a  man  is 
well  paid  for  any  chance  job  early  in  the  day,  he  says  '  that's 
a  good  hansel.' 

4.  A  piece  of  bread  given  before  breakfast ;  a  morning 
lunch.         Gall.  (JAM.);  MACTAGGART  £«<ry<r/.  (1824).    N.I.1 

5.  Guerdon,  reward ;   also  ironically,  a  punishment,  a 
smack  of  the  hand. 

Sh.I.  Contentmint  is  da  hansel  o  da  sage,  BURGESS  Rasmie 
(1892)  22.  w.Yks.  Ah'll  gi'  tha  a  good  handsell  if  tha  doesn't  be 
quiet  (J.J.B.X 

6.  A  handful.        w.Yks.  Gi'  us  a  handsell  o'  beans  (S.K.C.). 

7.  The  earnest  given  on  completion  of  a  bargain  ;   the 
bargain  itself. 

Sc.  (JAM.)  Dur.1  Seldom  used.  e.Yks.  THOMPSON  Hist.  Welton 
(1869)  172.  w.Yks.  (F.M.L.\  Not.1,  sw.Lin.1,  Lei.1  Dev.  Horae 
Subsecivae  (1777)  202  ;  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp.  (1892)  46. 

8.  The  first  use  <>r  trial  of  anything. 

Nhb.  (R.O.H.),  Dur.1  Cum.  FERGUSON  Northmen  (18561  214  ; 
Cum.4,  n.Yks.1  w.Yks.  SCATCHERD  Hist.  Morley  (1874)  Gl.  ;  Leeds 
Merc. Suppl.  (1884^  ;  w.Yks.1  Chs.  Sheaf  (^t))  I.  182.  nw.Der.1, 
n.Lin.1  sw.Lin.1  He  is  taking  hansel  of  it.  Shr.,  Hrf.  BOUND 
Provinc.  (1876).  Som.  SWEETMAN  Wincanton  Gl.  (1885). 

9.  v.   To  give  money  or  a  present  to  celebrate  a  new 
undertaking,  &c. ;    to  inaugurate,  celebrate  for  the  first 
time,  esp.  by  drinking. 

Sc.  Was  there  a  birth  in  the  family,  the  dram  had  to  circulate 
to  handsel  the  young  Scot,  FORD  Thistledown  (1891)  123.  Abd. 
Your  dock's  in  order  now,  I  ween,  Ye'se  get  it  hansell'd  by  a 
queen,  CADENHEAD  Bon  Accord  (1853)  147.  Per.  Juist  tae  hansel 
her  new  kist,  IAN  MACLAREN  Auld  Lang  Syne  (1895)  278.  Fif. 
Well,  I  wish  you  success,  and  to  handsel  your  new  adventure 
I  will  not  charge  you  anything  for  these,  ROBERTSON  Provost 
(1894)  82.  Ayr.  Before  he  had  begun  to  levy  '  black  mail,'  as  he 
named  it,  I  hansel'd  him  with  a  penny,  HUNTER  Studies  (1870) 
135.  Lnk.  Ilka  guidwife  her  doon-lyin'  Hansell'd  wi'  the  barley 
bree,  NICHOLSON  Kiliuuddie  (ed.  1895)  5°-  Rxb.  Come,  neibour 
Tam,  we'll  take  a  glass  To  hansel  the  new  year,  WILSON  Poems 
(1824)  17.  Kcb.  Some  tippling  chiels  gaed  to  the  tent  To  hansel 
Leezy  Waldron,  DAVIDSON  Seasons  (1789)  73.  N.I.1  The  first 
purchase  made  from  a  dealer  hansels  him,  brings  luck.  Cum.4  The 
gift  of  a  coin  to  the  wearer  of  a  new  suit  of  clothes,  hansels  or 
makes  that  suit  lucky.  n.Yks.4  Whya,  thoo'll  be  lyke  ti'  han'sel 
t'new  hoss,  wa's  want  a  glass  apiece.  w.Yks.4  The  first  buyer  in 
a  shop  newly  opened  hansels  it.  e.An.1  To  put  the  first  coin  into 
a  collection. 

Hence  Hanselling,  vbl.  sb.  the  inauguration,  first  use  or 

Dmf.  The  fits  of  ague-fever  you  had  at  first  were  a  severe  intro- 
duction, .  .  but  I  can  hope  now  it  was  only  the  hanselling  of  you 
in  your  new  climate,  CARLYLE  Unpubl.  Lett.  (1853)  in  Atlantic 
Monthly  (1898)  685. 

10.  Ironically.    To  give  something  unpleasant ;  to  punish 
with  a  blow.    w.Yks.  (S.P.U.),  (J.J.B.) 

11.  To  pay  earnest-money  on  a  bargain.    Also  used  Jig. 
Fif.  [He]  was  the  neist  man  whase  shaven  crown  was  hansel'd 

wi'  a  swap,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  194.  n.Yks.4.Ah'll  pay  tha 
summat  noo  ti  han'sel  t'job.  w.Yks.  (F.M.L.),  Not.1,  Lei.1  War.3 
I  said  I'd  go — but  he  didn't  hansel  me  [I  have  promised  to  go 
(to  a  situation  as  servant)  but  I  am  not  bound  to  fulfil  my  promise]. 
Dev.  Tellee  whot  'tez,  min,  thee  shedstua-anselled  'n  wi'  a  shilling, 
an'  made  zure  aw  'un,  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp.  (1892). 

12.  To  try  or  use  a  thing  for  the  first  time  ;  to  test,  prove. 
Sc.  It's  exactly  a  fortnicht  this  day  syne  ye  handselled  it  for  the 

first  time,  DICKSON  Kirk  Beadle  (ed.  1892)  99;  He  that  invented 
the  Maiden  first  hansel'd  her,  HENDERSON  Prov.  (1832)  118,  ed. 
1881.  Lnk.  Gazed  at  the  maister  to  see  if  he  was  going  to  '  hansel 
the  new  clogs  with  a  licking,'  FRASER  Whaups  (1895)  vi.  Edb. 
The  unfortunate  earl  was  the  first  himself  that  handselled  that 
merciless  Maiden,  which  proved  so  soon  after  his  own  executioner, 
PENNECUIK  Wks.  (1715)  191,  ed.  1815.  Dmf.  I'll  be  yere  blythe 
bridegroom  and  hansel  the  sark,  CROMEK  Remains  (1810"  ua. 
Kcb.  It  is  a  long  time  since  Abel  first  handseled  the  cross,  and  had 
it  laid  upon  his  shoulder,  RUTHERFORD  Lett.  (1660)  No.  239. 
Nhb.  [The  new  assembly  rooms]  were  opened  and  '  a  very  numerous 
and  brilliant  company '  gathered  to  hansel  them,  WATSON  Hist. 
Lit.  Phil.  Soc.  Newc.  (1897)  34 ;  Aa'll  not  hansel  the  coat  till  the 





morn  (R.O.H.).  Dur.  It's  partly  ...  to  handsel  our  new  kitchen, 
Longmans  Mag.  (Oct.  1896)  579  ;  Dur.1,  Com.  (J.Ar.),  Cum.14 
n.Yka.1;  n.Yks.4  Ah' ve  han'sel'd  t'new  reaper  ti-daay.  ne.Yks.1  Ah 
handsel'd  mail  new  dhriss  last  Sunda.  e.Yks.1  Ah  sal  ansel  ml 
new  bonnet  o'  Sunday.  w.Yks.  LUCAS  Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882) 
Gl.  ;  Ianselledthetea-potyesterday(H. F.S.I;  w.Yks.8I'venothand- 
selled  my  new  plough.  Lan.',n.Lan.  (C.W.D.),  Chs.1,  Not.1  n.Lin.1 
I'm  gooin'  to  hansel  that  new  plew.  sw.Lin.1,  Lei.1  Shr.1  I  never 
sid  sich  a  time  fur  wet ;  I  thought  to  'ansel  my  new  bonnet  o' 
Wissun-Sunday,  but  it  rayned  all  day  lung.  Shr.,  Hrf.  BOUND 
Provinc.  (l8^6').  Suf.1  First  wearing  a  new  coat,  gown,  or  any- 
thing else  is  hanselling  it.  e.Suf.  To  hansel  a  brewing-tub.  To 
hansel  an  oven  is  to  heat  it  very  thoroughly,  when  first  built,  for 
the  purpose  of  drying  it,  not  in  order  to  bake  in  it.  Except  in 
these  connexions,  not  used  here  (F.H.).  Sns.12  Dor.  Here, 
Jenny,  . .  hansell,  wi'  zome  tidy  tea,  The  zilver  pot,  BARNES  Poems 
(1869-70)  3rd  S.  100.  Dev.  To  prove  the  goodness  of  a  thing  by 
the  trial  of  a  part,  as  when  we  say,  to  hansell  a  pasty  or  gammon 
of  bacon — to  have  the  maidenhead  or  first  use  of  anything — to 
hansell  a  new  knife  in  a  good  plum  pudding,  Horae  Subsecivae 
(17771202.  Cor.1 

13.  To  be  the  first  purchaser. 

w.Yks.  Ye've  hansil'd  meh,  BANKS  Wkfld.  Wds.  (1865).  n.Lan.1 
Not.  I've  just  anselled  (J.H.B.). 

[1.  God  giue  the  guid  prosperitie  ...  In  hansell  of  this 

§uid  new  jeir,  DUNBAR  New  Years  Gift  (c.  1510)  16,  ed. 
mall,  II.  256.    5.  Some  .  .  .  were  be-hote  hansell,  if  bey 
helpe  wold,  Rich.  Redeless  (1399)  iv.  91.      7.  I  have  taken 
handsel,  Mercimonii primitias  accept,  COLES  (1679).] 

HANDSOME,  adj.  Sc.  Yks.  Not.  Lei.  Dor.  Dev.  Cor. 
|h  la-nsam,  ae'nsam.]  1.  Very  good  ;  elegant  in  person  ; 
good-looking,  used  of  inanimate  things. 

Sc.  Not  applied  to  the  face.  She's  a  very  handsome  woman, 
but  far  frae  being  bonny  (JAM.).  Dmb.  I  gade  to  learn  at  the  night 
school,  Soon  learn'd  a  han'sotne  han'  o'  write,  TAYLOR  Poems 
(1827)  102.  w.Yks.  It's  a  better  road  ner  t'other,  but  it's  nut  as 
handsome  (F.P.T.).  Dev.  She  gave  me  such  a  handsome  cup  o' 
tea,  Reports  Provinc.  (1891). 

2.  Honourable,   noble ;    good,  giving  good   quality  or 

Not.1,  Lei.1  Dor.  A  handsome  man, one  who  keeps  good  strong 
beer  (W.C.) ;  My  mother  told  me  that  she  had  heard  guests  say 
to  her  father  when  they  tasted  his  beer,  '  Mr.  Boswell,  you  are  very 
handsome  '  (W.G.B.-S.) ;  (A.C.) 

3.  Of  the  weather:  fine,  good,  bright. 

Sh.I.  It's  still  very  necessitous,  an  very  handsome  wedder, 
BuRGESsra«£-  1898)52.  w.Yks.  Eh!  Miss,  but  it  is  a  handsome  day 
(F.P.T.).  w.Cor.  It's  some  handsome  weather.  Common  (M.A.C.;. 

4.  Thorough,  complete.    Also  used  advb. 

Cor.3  A  handsome  service,  a  church  service  not  shortened  .includ- 
ing the  Litany.  '  To  do  a  thing  handsome  '  is  to  do  it  thoroughly. 

HANDTOGGERS,  sb.  pi.  Dev.3  The  handles  fixed  on 
the  snead  of  a  scythe. 

HANDY,  sb.1,  adj.  and  adv.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel. 
andEng.  Alsowritten  handi-  Sc.  (JAM.)  Cai.1;  andinforms 
haand-de-  Sh.I. ;  hanni-  Cai.1;  hany  Nhb. ;  han'y  Ayr.  ; 
haunie  Per.  [h)a'ndi,ae-ndi.]  1.  sb.  and  adj.  In  coinp.  (i) 
Handy-bandy,  (2)  -croopen,  a  game ;  see  below ;  (3)  -cuffs, 
(a)  blows  with  the  fist,  fisticuffs  ;  (b)  handcuffs,  manacles  ; 
(41  -dandy,  (a)  see  (i);  (b)  on  the  alert;  (5)  -grips,  close 
quarters,  grappling ;  (6)  -man,  one  who  has  no  trade  in 
particular,  but  does  a  little  at  several ;  (7)  -might,  strength 
of  hand,  main  force;  (8)  -paddy,  a  winch,  traversing  on 
temporary  rails,  employed  to  raise  heavy  weights  at  large 
buildings  ;  (9)  -pandy,  see  (i);  (10)  -pungy,  a  fight  with 
the  fists  ;  (n)  -stone,  a  small  stone,  one  that  can  be  thrown 
with  the  hand  ;  (12)  -warp,  obs.,  a  kind  of  cloth,  formerly 
made  in  Essex;  (13)  -workman,  a  mechanic;  a  tool- 

(i)  s.Chs.1  A  person  conceals  an  object  in  one  of  his  two  closed 
hands,  and  invites  his  companion  to  tell  which  hand  contains  the 
object  in  the  following  words :  '  Handy-Bandy,  sugar-candy, 
Which  hand  wun  y6  have  ? '  (2)  Sh.I.  They  amused  themselves 
with  such  games  as  hunt-da-slipper,  wads,  and  haand-de-kroopin , 
SPENCE  Fib-Lore  (1899)  190  ;  S.  ft  Ork.1  A  game  in  which  one  of 
the  players  turns  his  face  to  the  wall,  his  hand  resting  upon  his 
back ;  he  must  continue  in  this  position  until  he  guesses  who  struck 
his  hand,  when  the  striker  takes  his  place.  (3,  a)  Sc.(jAM.)  Cai.1 

To  come  to  handicuffs,  to  come  to  blows.  w.Yks.1  (A)  w.Yks.1 
(4,  a)  Nhb.1,  w.Yks.2  Lan.1  Common.  Something  being  hidden 
in  one  hand,  both  are  presented  by  the  player  to  his  opponent 
with  the  words,  '  Handy-dandy,  sugar  candy,  which  hand  is  it  in  ?' 
Glo.  A  game,  '  when  by  nimbly  changing  hands,  and  slipping  a 
piece  of  money  from  one  hand  into  the  other,  the  guesser  is  at 
a  loss,  which  hand  to  fix  upon,  tho'  he  thinks  he  saw  its  place, 
Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  200.  Hmp.  To  play  at  handy  dandy,  and 
guess  which  is  the  justice,  which  is  the  thief.  A  sort  of  slight  of 
hand,  when  by  exchanging  hands  nimbly,  and  slipping  the  thing 
from  one  hand  to  another,  the  guesser  is  often  deceived,  and  at  a 
loss  what  hand  to  fix  upon.  There  is  a  ...  way  of  playing  it,  by 
two  persons  putting  their  hands  one  above  the  other,  and  then 
raising  them  and  replacing  them  with  rapidity ;  used  among 
children,  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (M.)  Dev.3  (6)  m. Yks.1  '  He's 
handy-dandy  with  him,'  said  of  one  who  is  a  match  for  another  in 
sharpness.  (5)  Sh.I.  He'd  been  blied  if  dey'd  come  in  haandie- 
grips,  S/t.  News  (Oct.  23,  1897).  Cai.'  Slk.  We  canna  come  to 
handygrips  wi'  him,  HOGG  Tales  (1838)  46,  ed.  1866.  Kcb. 
Certainly  my  light  is  dim,  when  it  cometh  to  handy-grips,  RUTHER- 
FORD Lett.  (i66o)  No.  108.  ',6)  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  (7)  Abd.  Seean' 
nae  way  for  the  laird  out  o'  his  difficulty  but  by  handy  micht, 
Deeside  Tales  (1872)  121.  (81  [It  is  very  handy  for  the  masons 
and  is  almost  invariably  worked  by  Irishmen,  N.  &  Q.  (1853;  ist 
S.  viii.  508.]  (9)  w.Yks.5  A  child's  game,  in  which  something  is 
changed  from  one  hand  to  the  other,  and  guesses  are  made  as  to 
which  hand  contains  it.  Chs.1  The  one  who  conceals  the  object 
says — '  Handy  Pandy,  sugary  candy,  Guess  which  hand  it's  in  ; 
Right  hand  or  left  hand,  Guess  which  hand  it's  in.'  Shr.  BURNE 
Fit-Lore  (1883)  531  ;  Shr.1  (10)  s.Chs.1  Wi)sn  sey  0  bit  u  aan-di- 
pimgg-i  naay  [We  s'n  sey  a  bit  o'  handy-pungy  nal].  (u)  Flf. 
The  hedge  sparrow  and  the  yite  jinked  the  handy-stone,  COLVILLE 
Vernacular  (1899  8.  (13)  Ess.  ^HALL.),  Ess.1  13)  n.Yks.2 

2.  adj.    Skilful,  dexterous,  clever-handed;    apt,  clever; 

Sh.I.  I  was  always  a  handy  man,  BURGESS  Tang  (1898)  87. 
Elg.  I  wat  she  is  a  handy  wife,  Oor  wife  Bell,  TESTER  Poems  ( 1865) 
106.  Lnk.  You  find  Doghip  handy,  I  suppose,  GORDON  Pyotshaw 
(1885)  233.  Edb.  Cou'd  Prick-the-louse  but  be  sae  handy  As  mak 
the  breeks  and  claise  to  stand  ay,  FERGUSSON  Poems  ,17731  2OIi 
ed.  1785.  Dmf.  Ye  gleg,  handy  craftsmen,  that  toil  for  yer  bread, 
QUINN  Heather  1,1863)  143.  Nhb.  (W.G.)  Dur.1  A  handy  lad. 
Wm.  He's  handy  wi'  a  pen  (B.K.).  n.Yks.1  A  desper't  handy 
chap  wiv  a  speead  ;  n.Yks.4  He's  a  varra  handy  chap.  I.Ma.  The 
doctor  was  that  handy  about  him  the  ould  chap  couldn'  do  without 
him,  BROWN  Doctor  (1887)  34.  ed-  1891.  nw.Der.1  s.Not.  'You'll 
hev  to  be  handy  how  you  get  'em,'  said  A  to  B,  who  meant 
'  snaking '  some  grafts  from  a  choice,  well-watched  apple-tree 
(J.P.K.).  Nhp.1  Glo.  What  a  handy  girl  Mary  is  (A.B.) ;  Glo.2 
Oxf.1  MS.  add.  Brks.1  He  be  a  handy  zart  o'  chap.  e^An.2  A 
clever  workman  is 'a  handy  fellow.'  Hmp.1  Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892); 
BRITTON  Beauties  (1825).  Dor.  Abel  be  wonderful  handy  about 
the  place,  Longman's  Mag.  (Nov.  1898)  50.  w.Som.1  I  'sure  'ee, 
he's  a  rare  fuller  to  work,  and  he's  s'andy  's  a  gimblet.  Dev. 
Tis  true  that  pegs  be  vury  handy  crayters,  SALMON  Ballads(  1899)  50. 

3.  Good,  sound  ;  suitable,  seemly. 

Abd.  The  beast's  as  soun'  's  ever  a  beast  was  ;  and  there's  nae 
a  handier  creatur  i'  the  market,  ALEXANDER  Ain  Flk.  ;  1882)  102. 
Fif.  Gin  ye  angry  grow,  or  glowr,  That  winna  be  sae  handy, 
DOUGLAS  Poems  (1806)  69. 

4.  adv.    Of  place  :  near  by,  adjacent  to,  close  at  hand. 
Sc.  ,A.W.)  s.Ir.  How  should  you  know  that  I  was  here  so  handy 

to  you  ?  CROKER  Leg.  (1862)  289.  n.Cy.  'J.W.)  Cum.  His  house  is 
handy  to  his  office  (E.W.P.)  ;  Cum.4  His  house  is  very  handy  to  his 
office.  Yks.  (J.W.),  Not.  VL.C.M.),  Not.1  n.Lin.1  Oor  chech 
Stan's  soa  nice  an'  handy  that  I  mostlin's  goa  theare  e'stead  o'  to 
chapil.  Lei.1  '  Weer's  Higgam  ? '  '  Whoy,  joost  'andy  to  Stooke.' 
Nhp.12  War.2  The  farm  lies  very  handy.  Glo.  (J.S.F.S.) ;  I  says 
to  her  'as  'er'd  ought  to  go  to  the  churchyard  of  the  parish  as  'er's 
now  in,  as  it  is  so  much  handier,  yer  see,  BUCKMAN  Darke's  Sojourn 
( 1890)  xi ;  Glo.12,  Oxf.  (G.O.)  Brks."  A  little  me-ad  lez  handy  to 
the  house.  Snr.1  Sus.  HOLLOW  AY.  Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892) ;  Wil.1 
Handy  home.  '  I  be  zo  hard  o'  hirin',  I  caan't  hire  nothen,  wi'out 
I  comes  handier  to  'ee,'*.  an.  n.Wll.  'Tis  handy  'Vize  [It's  near 
Devizes]  (E.H.G.).  Som.  Handy  her  last  end,  RAYMOND  Men  o' 
Mendip  (1898)  i  ;  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825^  w.Som.1 
Her  do  live  up  handy  Taun'on.  Dev.  He  said  the  stones  were 
very  handy  for  him,  BRAY  Desc.  Tantar  and  Tavy  (1836)  I.  248. 
Cor.  And  ef  the  sai  [sea]  es  handy  by,  In  the  '  Fisheries'  we  will 
fish,  FORFAR  Poems  (1885)  10. 




5.  Of  time  :  near  to,  approaching,  nearly. 

Hmp.  Howold  is  she? — Oh,  she's  handy  upon  twelve  (M.C.H.  B.\ 
I.W.  Pretty  handy  twelve  o'clock  (J.D.R.) ;  I.W.1,  Wil.1  s  Wil. 
Handy  ten  o'clock,  Monthly  Mag.  (1814)  II.  114.  w.Som.1  They 
did'n  come  home  gin  handy  one  o'clock.  Come,  Soce !  I  zim  'tis 
handy  dinner-time.  Dev.  Christmas  Day  being  so  handy  to  Sunday 
this  year  (H.S.H.). 

6.  Almost,  very  nearly,  near  about. 

War.  Leamington  Courier  (Mar.  6,  1897)  ;  War.2  s.War.1  That 
bit  o'  garden  ground  is  handy  to  20  pole.  Hrf.1  Handy  a  mile. 
Oxf.'  Dhat  dhaa-r  pig  waiz  aan'di  ten  skor  [That  thar  pig  weighs 
handy  ten  scor].  Wil.1  A  gied  un  vower  days'  work,  or  handy. 
Dev.  The  game  was  preserved,  but  the  keeper  lived  handy  two 
mile  from  here,  MORTIMER  Tales  Moors  (1895)  265;  Handy  two 
thousand  feet  auver  the  zea,  ib.  290. 

7.  Easily,  readily,  without  trouble.    Also  used  attrib. 
Ayr.  When  climbing  o'er  the  Hadyer  Hill,  It  wasna  han'y  wark, 

man,  Ballads  and  Sngs.  (1846)  I.  94;  Oaths  come  oot  far  owre 
handy  when  folk  get  a  drap  o'  whisky,  JOHNSTON  Glenbuckie 
(1889!  l6-  Wgt.  Onything  they  get  ower  handy  they  think  nae 
gear  aboot,  FRASER  Wigtown  1,1877;  364.  n.Cy.  (J.W.)  War.3  It 
is  a  good  bit  of  ground,  it  works  so  handy. 

8.  Readily,  quickly. 

n.Cy.  (J.W.)     Not.  Look  handy  (L.C.M.)  ;  Be  handy,  be  quick 

U.H.B.)  ;  (W.H.S.)   Nhp.2 

9.  Officious  ;  over-busy  with  one's  hands. 

n.Cy.  (J.W.)  s.Not.  Don't  be  so  handy  with  your  marking  ; 
I  can  mark  for  myself  (J.P.KA  Oxf.  (G.O.) 

HANDY,  sb?  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Also  in  form  hannie 
Lnk.  Cum.12  [ha'ndi,  ha'ni.]  1.  A  small  tub  with  a 
handle  used  for  carrying  water,  milk,  &c. ;  a  milking-pail. 

Per.  Women  used  to  milk  the  cows  into  handies  before  pails 
were  used  for  this  purpose.  The  handy  is  seldom  seen  now(G.W.). 
Lnk.  Bring  the  twa  milk  hannies,  WATT  Poems  (1827)  59.  N.Cy.1 
Small  wooden  cylindrical  vessel  made  of  staves  hooped  together, 
one  being  longer  than  the  rest  and  serving  as  a  handle.  Nhb. 
(W.G.)  ;  Lyavethe  waiter  oot  wi' the  handy,  lass  (R. O.K.);  Nhb.1 
Cum.1 ;  Cum.4  A  small  tub  of  cylindrical  form  having  a  long  handle ; 
elsewhere  called  Piggin.  [A  handy  formed  like  a  miniature  milk- 
pail,  STEPHENS  Farm  Bk.  (eA.  1849)  I.  528.] 

2.  Comp.    (i)  Handie-full,  the  fill  of  a  milk-pail ;  (2)  -kit, 
a  tub  or  pail  having  a  long  handle. 

( i)  Lnk.  I  had  gane  into  the  milkhouse ...  to  teem  a  hannie-fu'  o' 
milk,  Edb.  Mag.  <,Dec.  1818)  503  QAM.).  (2)  Cum.14 

3.  A  wooden  dish  for  holding  food. 

s.Sc.  I  flang  the  hannie  frae  me,  Edb.  Mag.  (Dec.  1818)  503 
(JAM.)  ;  Thus  denominated  because  it  has  an  ear  or  hand  for 
holding  by  (JAM.). 

HANE,  see  Hain,  v.1 

HANG,  v.  and  sb.  Van  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  Eng.  and 
Amer.  Also  in  forms  ang-  Cor.12 ;  hange-  Der.  [h)arj, 
erj,  asrj.]  I.  v.  Gram,  forms.  1.  Present  Tense:  (i) 
Ank,  (2)  Haing,  (3)  Heng,  (4)  Hong.  [For  additional 
examples  see  II  below.]  See  King. 

(r)  Ess.1  (2)  Arg.  Haing  the  meishachan,  where  first  I  felt 
love's  mainglin'  smart,  COLVILLE  Vernacular  (1899 1  6.  (3^  n.Yks.4, 
w.Yks.2.  s.Chs.1  Sns.  What  dey  heng  a  thousan  bucklers  on, 
LOWER  Sng.  Sol.  (1860)  iv.  4.  (4;  Lan.  Furst  he  chops  off  his 
woife's  heaod,  and  then  hongs  aw  t'priests,  AINSWORTH  Witches 
(ed.  1849)  Introd.  iii.  Cor.2 

2.  Preterite  :  (i)  Henged,  (2)  Unged. 

(i)  w.Yks.  A've  a  singin  bird  heng'd  at  t'haase  top,  ECCLES 
Sags.  ( 1862)  24.  (2)  w.Som.  Uung'd,  Athenaeum  (Feb.  26,  1898). 

3.  pp.  (i)  Hangen,  (2)  Hangit,  (3)  Henged,  (4)  Unged. 
(5)  Ungen. 

(i)  e.Yks.1  (a)  Sc.  Do  not  talk  of  a  rape  to  a  chiel  whase 
father  was  hangit,  RAMSAY  Prov.  (1737).  Nhb.  Weel  fangit — syne 
hangit,  we'se  see  them  a',  DIXON  Whittingham  Vale  (1895)  193 ; 
(R.O.H.)  (3)  w.Yks.  Be  heng'd  to  yer  meter  hannels !  BINNS 
Orig.  (1889)  No.  i.  5.  (4)  w.Som.  U-ung'd,  Athenaeum  (Feb.  26, 
1898).  (5)  s.Chs.1  Ungn,  81. 

II.  Dial.  uses.  1.  v.  In  comb,  (i)  Hang-a-balk,  a 
gallows-bird,  one  ripe  for  the  gallows  ;  (2)  -back,  hesita- 
tion, hanging  back;  (3)  -bench,  a  piece  of  timber  forming 
part  of  the  '  stow  '  in  a  mine  ;  (4)  -bow,  the  hanging-post 
of  a  gate,  to  which  the  hinges  are  attached ;  (5)  -by, 
a  hanger-on ;  (6)  -choice,  no  difference,  one  as  bad  as 
the  other ;  '  Hobson's  choice ' ;  (7)  -dog,  (a)  a  worthless 
fellow,  a  reprobate  ;  (b)  villainous,  bad  ;  (8)  -dog-like,  see 

(?>  b}  ;  (9)  -dog  look,  a  villainous  or  vile  expression  ;  also 
used  attrib.  in  form  -dog-looking  ;  (ID)  -fair,  a  public 
execution  ;  also  called  Hanging-fair  (q.  v.) ;  (n)  -gallows 
(a)  see  (i) ;  (b)  see  (7,  b)  ;  (12)  -gallows-look,  see  (9); 
( 13)  -lock,  a  padlock  5(14)  -mad,  riotous  tumult,  boisterous 
frolic ;  also  used  at/rib. ;  (15)  -net,  a  species  of  net ; 
see  below ;  (16)  —  on,  mining  term  :  a  call  from  the 
banksman  to  the  onsetter,  after  any  stop,  to  recommence 
work  ;  (17)  -post,  see  (4) ;  (18)  -sleeve,  a  dangler ;  an 
officious  but  unmeaning  suitor;  (19)  -such,  (20)  -trace,  see 
(i) ;  (21)  -(s-tree,  see  (4). 

(i)    Nhb.1      (2)   Som.   There'd    be   no    hang-back    about   John 
Winterhead,once  his  mind  was  made  up,  RAYMOND  Men  o'  Mendip 
(1898)  xi.     (3)  Der.  Hading  Hang-bench  muttering  in  his  sleeve, 
FURNESS  Medicus  (1836)  31  ;   Hange-benches,  turntree,  and  coes, 
MANLOVE  Lead  Mines  (1653)  '•  268-    (4)  nw.Dev.'  Formerly  it  used 
to  project  considerably  above  the  gate,  the  upper  part  being  curved 
towards  the  head  and  secured  at  its  end  to  a  diagonal  cross-piece. 
Cor.  The  hang-bow  and  millyer  [the  hinge]  was  all  that  was  left 
of  the  gate,  THOMAS  Randigal  Rhymes  (1895)  6.    (5)  w.Yks.3    (6) 
Nhb. '     Chs.1 '  Am  nor  oi  a  better  bye  than  Johnny,  grandmother  ? ' 
'  Aw  dunna  know  ;   you're  both  so  nowt,  that  it's  hang  choice 
between  you.'     s.Chs.1       7,  a)  n.Yks.4    [The  man  is  not  a  repro- 
bate— not  a  hang-dog.  JEFFERIES  Hodge   1880)  II.  195.]    (b)  Bnff.1 
He  canna  be  gueede,  he  hiz  sic  a  hang-dog  face.     [Look  at  his 
hang-dog  air,  DICKENS  Mutual  Friend  (1865)  bk.  i.  xii/]    (8)  Bnff.1 
A  widna  like  t'meet  yon  lad  i'  the  dark  ;  he  hiz  as  hingum-tringum, 
hang-dog-like  a  leuck  's  iver  I  saw.     19)  Lakel.2     n.Yks.4  Deean't 
gan  aboot  wiv  a  hang-dog  leeak  o'  thi  fceace  leyke  that.     e.Yks.1, 
n.Lin.1     w.Som.1  Me,  gwain  to  have  thick  hangdog-looking  fuller  ! 
— why,  I  widn  be  a  zeed  in  a  ten-acre  field  way  un.     (10)  Wil.1 
•  Hang-fair  at 'Vize.' formerly  treated  as  a  great  holiday.   Obs.    The 
Pleasure  Fair  at  Warminster,  on  August  n,  is  known  as  '  Hang- 
Fair,'  perhaps  from  the  hanging  of  two  murderers  there  on  that 
day  in   1813.      Dor.  The  innkeeper  supposed  her   some   harum- 
skarum  young  woman  who  had  come  to  attend  '  hang-fair'  next 
day,   HARDY   Wessex  Tales  (1888)   I.    in.     Som.  They  told  the 
grim  story  of  that  day  .  .  .  How  there  were  thousands  at  Hang- 
fair,  RAYMOND  Men  o  Mendip  (1898)  ii ;   (W.F.R.);  W.  &  J.  Gl. 
(1873^.      (n,  a)  Nhb.1     Cum.  That  Curst  fella's  a  real  Yankee,  an 
a  regular  hang-gallas,  SARGISSON  Joe  Swap  (1881)  211.     n.Yks. 
(T.S.),  w.Yks.15,  War.  J.R.W.)    Wil.  Where's  the  money  I  put 
in  th' zack,  you  hang-gallus?  AKERMAN   Tales  (1853)  55;   SLOW 
Gl.  (1892) ;  Wil.1    Som.  SWEETMAN  Wincanton  Gl.  ',1885).   w.Som.1 
'  I  calls'n  a  proper  hang-gallis — why  I  wid'n  be  a  zeed  in  a  ten-acre 
field  way  un.'     Very  commonly  used  to  express  repugnance  at 
association  or  contact  with  any  one.    s.Dev.,  e.Cor.  (Miss  D.)     (b) 
I.W.2  He's  a  hang-gallus   rascal.      Dor.  A  hang-gallows  rogue. 
BARNES  Gl.  (1863).     Som.  That  hang-gallis  fellow  Standerwick, 
RAYMOND  Men  o'  Mendip  (1898)  viii  ;  A  hang-gallise  fellow,  JEN- 
NINGS Dial.  w.Eng.  (1869).      w.Som.1  You   hang-gallis  oseburd, 
tid'n   good  I  catch  thee.     Who's  thick  there  hang-gallis  fuller  ? 
Cor.1  You  angallish  dog,  you  ;  Cor.2  (12)  Lakel.2,  e.Yks.1,  w.Yks.1, 
Lin.1    Dev.3  Bill  Jones  'th  a-got  a  'ang-gallous  Hike  in  'es  face  that 
mak'th  me  creem  tu  luke  at  'n.     (13)  Nhb.1  Still  used,  but  probably 
obsol.     (14;  m.Yks.1  Employed  occas.  as  an  adj.  and  commonly  as 
a  sb.     (15)  Dmf.  Hang-nets  are  larger  in  the  mesh  than  any  other 
nets,  and  are  stretched  upright  between  stakes  of  about  ten  feet 
long,  placed  at  regular  distances  of  about  eight  feet,  Agtic.  Surv. 
605  (JAMA     e.An.1  ^s.v.  Hay-net  .     (16)  Nhb.,  Dur.   NICHOLSON 
Coal  Ti:  Gl.  (1888).     (17)  Chs.1  ;  Chs.3  In  contradistinction  to  the 
'clappost/againstwhichthegateshuts.  (18,  ig)e.An.1  (2o)m.Yks.1 
Aye,  he's  a  hang-trace,  as  aud  Betty  says  by  such  like.     (21)  Hrf.2 
2.  Phr.  ( i)  to  hang  at,  to  take  one's  time  at ;  (2)  —  by,  to 
cling  to,  be  on  the  side  of ;  (3)  — for,  to  be  desirous  or 
anxious  for;  (4) — for  rain,  to  threaten  rain;  (5)  — idly, 
of  a  sheep  :  to  be  ill ;  (6)  —  in  hand,  to  be  dull  of  sale  ;  (7) 
—  in  the  band,  to  remain  unsold  ;  (8)  —  in  the  bell-ropes, 
said  of  a  couple  in  the  interval  elapsing  between  the  calling 
of  their  banns  in  church  and  the  wedding  ;  also  of  one  who 
has  been  deserted  after  publication  of  the  banns  ;    (9)  — 
in  the  wind,  (a)  to  subsist  on  uncertainty,  await  events  ; 
used  attrib.  ;  (b)  to  put  oft",  delay,  postpone  ;  (10)  — on  the 
bough,  to  remain  unmarried  ;  (n)  — on  the  slack  rope,  to 
be  lazy;  (12)  — on  to,  to  scold  ;  (13)  — out,  to  loiter  or 
stop  about  a  place ;  (14)  —  to,  to  have  an  inclination  or 
affection  for  ;    (15)  —  together,  to  just  be  alive  and  nothing 
more ;  (16)  —  up,  (a)  to  bring  in  debt ;  (b)  to  hinder  or 
delay;  to  foil,  prevent ;  used  in  pp.;  (c)  to  leave  off  work  ; 





(17)  —  up  afield,  to  take  the  cattle  off  a  field  and  give  it  a 
long  rest,  so  as  to  freshen  up  the  pasture  ;  (18)  —  up  the 
hat,  (a)  to  be  very  intimate  in  a  house  ;  to  be  an  accepted 
suitor ;  (b)  of  a  man  when  married  :  to  go  and  live  in  his 
wife's  house  ;  (19)  —  up  by  one  leg,  see  below ;  (20)  —  the 
a—e,  to  loiter,  hold  back;  (21)  —the  baker,  to  become 
bankrupt,  be  out  of  materials  for  work;  (22)  —the  fiddle 
behind  the  door,  to  leave  one's  good  humour  behind  one; 
(23)  —  the  lip,  to  pout,  look  sullen  ;  (24)  —  the  stump,  see 
below  ;  (25)  be  hang  ye  or  to  ye,  an  exclamation  ;  (26)  what 
did  ye  hang  your  father  for,  see  below  ;  (27)  Guy  heng  !  see 
(25) ;  (28)  to  hang  out  the  broomstick,  to  angle  for  a  husband. 
(i)w.Wor.[He]wanttohangat  it,  S.  BEAUCHAMP Granlley  Grange 
(1874)  II.  56.  (a)  s.Oxf.  Them  lawyers  allus  'angs  by  the  rich  folks, 
ROSEMARY  Chiltems  (1895)  61.  (3)  n.Lin.1  Well  Mary  Ann,  thoo 

can  do  as  la  likes,  bud  I  hang  for  y&  goin'  to  Mrs.  plaace ;  its 

a  knawn  good  un.  (4)  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  n.Lin.1  It's  been  hangin'  for 
raain  three  or  foher  daays  but  noan  cums.  (5)  Nrf.  When  a  sheep 
'  hang  idly,'  as  they  say  here  in  their  sing-song  provincialism,  the 
knowingdog  will  never  touch  it — they  seem  to  discern  that  the  sheep 
isill,EMERSONyaras(i8ai)n6.  (6)  Nhp.»,Hnt.(T.P.F.)  (7)w.Yks.2 
A  house  or  a  farm  is  said  '  to  hang  i'  t'band  a  long  time '  if  it  does  not 
sell  when  it  is  offered  for  sale,  and  when  for  a  considerable  time  no 
purchaser  can  be  found.  (8)  s.Chs.1,  nw.Der.1  Wor.  If,  after  the 
publication  of  banns,  the  marriage  does  not  come  off,  the  '  deserted 
one '  is  said  to  be  hung  in  the  bell-ropes,  N.  &  Q.  1,1867)  3rd  S. 
xii.  139.  (9,  a)  Com.4  The  company  consists  of  the  '  well-to- 
do  '  and  the  hang-i'-th'-win'  class,  BURN  Rosenthal,  13.  (b)  Gall. 
She  seldom  saw  them  happy,  Matches  that  hang  lang  i'  win, 
NICHOLSON  Poet.  Wks.  (1814)  114,  ed.  1897.  ,10)  Sc.  Ye  impident 
woman!  It's  easy  seen  why  ye  were  left  hingin'  on  the  bough, 
KEITH  Indian  Uncle  (1896)  5.  (n)  w.Cor.  He  rarely  does  any- 
thing, he's  very  fond  of  hanging  on  the  slack  rope  (M.A.C.).  (la) 
e.An.1  I'll  hang  on  to  him  properly  when  I  catch  him.  (13)  Mid. 
Don't  hang  out  here,  stops  business,  BLACKMORE  Kit  (1890)  I.  xvi. 
(14)  s.Chs.1  60  wuz  widh  iiz  fur  u  men'i  6e'ur,  un  it)s  lahyk  Oz 
iv  6o)z  au'viz  ungn  t6o  uz  [Hoo  was  with  us  for  a  many  'ear,  an" 
it's  like  as  if  hoo's  auvays  hungn  to  us].  (15)  S.  &  Ork.1  Yea, 
lamb,  he's  just  hanging  together.  Cai.1  (16,  a)  w.Som.1  A  man 
having  a  bill  brought  in  unexpectedly  for  goods  ordered  on  his 
account  by  his  wife  or  servant,  would  say:  '  I'm  darned  if  I'll  be 
a  hanged  up  like  this  here.'  This  phr.  is  most  likely  the  same  in 
origin  as  '  chalk  up ' — viz.  from  the  score  due  to  a  publican  being 
written  on  a  slate  and  hung  up,  the  more  primitive  method  having 
been  to  chalk  it  on  the  back  of  the  door.  It  is  easy  to  see  how 
the  expression  might  get  to  be  applied  to  a  more  systematic  debit. 
(6)  Ken.1  '  He  is  quite  hung  up,'  so  circumstanced  that  he  is 
hindered  from  doing  what  otherwise  he  would.  Sur.'  To  be  delayed 
or  hindered,  as  in  hay-making  or  harvest,  from  bad  weather  or  want 
of  hands.  Sus.1  I  was  so  hung  up  for  time  all  last  week  I  couldn't 
come,  (c}  [Ainer.  A  mower,  when  rain  was  coming  on  :  '  I  reckon 
we'll  have  to  hang  up  for  all  day,'  Dial.  Notes  (1896)  I.  37a.]  (17) 
Wil.1  n.Wil.  After  a  farmer  has  turned  his  cattle  out  and  '  fed  '  a 
field,  he  will  say,  '  We'll  hang  up  that  field  '  (E.H.G.).  (18,  a) 
Ayr.  Ye  have  only  to  gang  doon  and  hang  up  your  hat,  JOHNSTON 
Glenbuckie  (1889)  azo.  n.Yks.4  Ah  can  hang  mail  hat  up  yonder 
when  Ah'vea  mahnd  teea.  s.Stf.  It  was  known  .  .  .  that  Snelling 
'  hung  his  hat  up  ' — that  is  the  local  phrase — at  the  abode  of 
Ephraim  Shorthouse,  whose  daughter  Cecilia  was  grown  to  a 
marriageable  age,  MURRAY  John  Vale  (1890)  xvii.  Brks.1  (b)  Sc. 
(A.W. )  w.Som.1  When  a  man  marries  and  goes  home  to  the  wife's 
house  to  live,  he  is  said  to  'hang  uphishat."  The  phr.  is  an  everyday 
one,  perfectly  well  understood  by  every  one.  It  is  a  bantering 
and  rather  depreciatory  saying.  (19)  Wil.  Though  the  wheat 
grew  very  luxuriantly  during  the  winter,  the  March  winds, 
particularly  after  frost,  frequently  blew  the  earth  away  from  the 
plant,  and  left  it  (as  the  Wiltshire  phrase  is)  '  hung  up  by  one 
leg,"  Agric,  50.  (ao)  w.Yks.1  [My  lads,  I  am  told  you  hang  an 
a — se.  I  have  gone  to  sea  thirty  years  man  and  boy,  and  never 
saw  English  sailors  afraid  before,  SMOLLETT  R.  Random  (1748) 
Ixv.]  (ai)  Cam.4  (aa)  Ir.  No  man  'ill  know  betther  how  to  hang 
his  fiddle  behind  the  door,  CARLETON  Fardorougha  (1836)  ai ; 
The  old  midwives  believed  that  if  a  man  was  brutal  or  unkind  (e.  g. 
hung  his  fiddle  behind  the  door)  when  a  child  was  born  to  him 
they  could  transfer  all  the  pain  of  child-bearing  to  him,  it.  note. 
(33)  nw.Der.1  (34)  Nhp.1  A  term  amongst  hedgers  and  ditchers 
when  they  hang  small  thorns  on  the  stumps  of  the  lower  table  of 
a  newly  laid  hedge  ;  to  prevent  animals  biting  the  young  shoots  in 
the  spring  and  summer.  (35)  N.I.1  O  behang  t'ye  for  a  fool. 
n.Yks.2  (36)  Brkt.1  Children  run  after  cock  turkeys  calling, 

'  What  d'ye  hang  yer  vather  wi','  to  get  the  reply  '  Holter,  holler, 
holler  '  (s.v.  Come  back).  (37)  I.Ma.  Guy  heng  !  The  woman's 
mad,  CAINE  Manxman  (1894)  I.  iii.  1,38)  Oxf.  (G.O.) 

3.  Of  mortar  :  to  cling,  hold  together. 

Lon.  A  walling  builder  told  me  that  '  mac  '  was  as  good  as  the 
best  sand  ;  il  made  Ihe  mortar  '  hang,'  and  without  either  that  or 
sand,  the  lime  would  '  brittle '  away,  MAYHEW  Land.  Labour 
(ed.  1861)  II.  199. 

4.  Coal-mining  term  :  to  incline  or  dip.     See  King,  v. 
II.  6.          Nhb.1     Nhb.,  Dur.  GREENWELL  Coal  Tr.  Gl.  (1849). 

5.  To  stand ;  to  incline  or  stand  on  a  slope. 

N.I.1  Hangin'  on  my  feet  al)  day.  e.Snf.  '  That  are  hill  du  hang 
wholly  heavy,'  is  very  steep  (F.H.). 

6.  To  fix  a  gate  or  door  in  its  place  by  crooks  or  hinges. 
Yks.  J.W.i,  n.Lin.1     Ess.1  '  Ank  that  gate'  for  '  hang  or  shut 

that  gate.'  w.Som.1  Technically  a  carpenler  hangs  a  door  or  gale 
when  he  fits  it  to  ils  place,  fixes  Ihe  hinges,  and  makes  il  open 
and  shul  properly. 

7.  Of  a  scythe  :  to  set  it  in  its  '  snead  '  or  handle. 

N.I.1  Nrf.  1  take  my  old  Fanny — we  allust  call  our  scythes  arler 
our  wives— and  hung  her,  EMERSON  Son  of  Fens  (i8ga)  131. 
w.Som.1  Thy  zive  id'n  a-hang  vilty,  the  toer  o'  un's  a  cocked  up 
to  much.  nw.Dev.1 

8.  sb.   Phr.  (i)  hang  lit  on  it.'  may  hanging  befall  it ;  an 
imprecation;  (2)  the  hang.'  an  expletive. 

(i)  Lakel.2,  n.Yks.2,  m.Yks.1  (a)  Don.  What  the  hang  did  ye 
call  her  ?  MACMANUS  Oiney  Kittach  in  Century  Mag.  (Oct.  1899  955. 
0.  A  snare  for  catching  rabbits,  hares,  &c. 

Nhb.  I'm  no  sae  laith  to  see  them  spang  An'  wam'le,  fast  tied 
wi' a  'hang,'  PROUDLOCK  Borderland  Muse  (1896)  341  ;  Nhb.1  A 
noose  made  of  very  fine  wire  or  hair.  n.Yks.  T'hare  was  catcht 
in  a  hang  I.I.W.).  Chs.13,  s.Chs.1 

10.  A  crop  of  fruit. 

e.An.1  A  good  tidy  hang  of  apples.  Nrf.  We've  got  a  rare  hang 
of  plums  t'year  (W.R.E.).  Suf.  (R.E.L.),  Suf.1,  e.Snf.  (F.H.) 

11.  A  declivity,  slope.    Cf.  hanger,  5,  hanging,  sb.  4. 
e.An.1     e.Snf.  The  hang  of  a  hill  (F.H.). 
HANGALL,   see  Hankie,  v. 

HANGE,  sb.  Hrf.  Glo.  Hmp.  I.W.  Wil.  Dor.  Som.  Dev. 
Cor.  Also  written  hanje  Dev.  ;  and  in  forms  henge 
Hmp.1  I.W.1  Wil.1  Som.  Dev. ;  hinge  Hrf.1  Glo.12  Hmp.1 
Wil.1  Dor.1  Cor.3;  inge  Glo.1  [aeng,  eng,  ing.]  The 
pluck  or  liver,  lungs  and  heart  of  any  animal. 

Hrf.1  Glo.  LEWIS  Gl.  ,1839);  Glo.12  Hmp.  A  sheep's  head 
and  henge.  A  pig's  hcnge  (J.R.W. ;;  Hmp.1,  I.W.1  Wil.  SLOW 
Gl.  (18921;  'Peg's  hcnge,'  pigs  fry  or  'inwards'  iK.M.G.); 
BRITTON  Beauties  (1825) ;  Wil.1  The  heart,  liver,  and  lungs  of  a 
sheep  or  pig.  In  some  parts  of  s.Wil.  used  only  of  the  latter. 
w.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Dor.1  Som.  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng. 
(1825);  (W.F.R.)  w.Som.1  In  dressing  sheep,  the  head  is  usually 
left  attached  by  the  windpipe ;  this  is  always  called  a  '  sheep's 
head  and  hange'  [an'j].  A  calf  or  pig  always  has  the  head 
separated  ;  hence  one  hears  only  of  a  '  calf  s  hange,'  or  a  '  pig's 
hange.'  Dev.  Butchers  sell  'sheep's-head  and  hange'  for  a  few 
pence,  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp.  (1892);  Reports  Provinc.  (1877)  132; 
Dev.1  Why  if  es  could  ha'  but  a  sheep's  head  and  hange  es  should 
ha'  the  virst  cut  o't,  44.  n.Dev.  GROSE  (1790).  nw.Dev.1,  s.Dev. 
SF.W.C.),  Cor.123  w.Cor.  The  tinner's  wife  put  all  the  pork  left 
at  home  in  salt,  except  the  leans,  and  saved  them  to  make  a  good 
pie  the  Feasten  Sunday.  She  made  the  hinges  and  other  things 
serve  them  till  then,  BOTTRELL  Trad.  3rd  S.  69. 

Hence  Hanjed,  ppl.  adj.  used  as  a  term  of  abuse. 

n.Dev.  What's  me-an  by  thai,  ya  long-hanjed  meazle,  Exm.  Scold. 
,1746)  1.  30;  A  long  hanjed  creature,  Home Subsecivae  (i"m)  aoi. 

[Et  sol' pro  i  Calvishede  cum  le  henge  adpaschetyde  pro- 
iantacula  iiij",  Chw.  Ace.  (1494)  S.  Edmund  Sarum  (ed. 
1896)  43.] 

HANGED,  ppl.  adj.  Sc.  Cum.  Chs.  Also  in  form 
hangit  Sc.  Cum.4  1.  In  comb.  (i)Hanged-faced,  having 
a  look  that  seems  to  point  to  the  gallows ;  (2)  —  hay,  hay 
hung  on  the  steelyard  to  be  weighed,  previous  to  selling ; 
(3)  -like,  shamefaced,  hang-dog  like. 

( i)  Rxb.  (JAM.)  (a)  Chs.1  ;  Chs.2  (s.v.  Doe) ;  Chs.3  '  Hanged 
hay  never  does  cattle,"  i.  e.  bought  hay  does  not  pay.  '  Slung 
hay  '  is  another  version,  and  like  '  hanged  hay,'  refers  to  the  mode 
of  weighing.  (3)  Sc.  Applied  to  one  who  is  out  of  countenance 
or  knows  not  what  excuse  to  make  for  his  conduct.  It  is  said  thai 
he  looks  very  hangil-like  QAM.).  Cum.4  At  last  he  turn't  oot,  bil 
hang't  like,  RICHARDSON  Talk  (1871)  isl  S.  34. 




2.  Cursed,  damned. 

e.Fif.  He  paid  the  siller  wi'  hangit  ill-will,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin 
1,1864)  xv.  Lnk.  It's  a  lee  !  It's  a  hangit  lee,  she's  gaun  to  marry 
oor  Jossie  !  GORDON  Pyotshaw  (1885)  41. 

HANGEDLY,  adv.  Cum.  Yks.  Reluctantly,  unwill- 
ingly ;  despondently,  as  though  being  led  to  the  gallows. 

Cum.  The  lave  tho"  hang'dly  follow  him  Wi'  nea  uncommon 
spead,  STAGG  Misc.  Poems  (ed.  1807)  40.  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  He  left 
heeam  varry  hangedly;  n.Yks.34,  ne.Yks.1  w.Yks.1  He  gangs 
vara  hangedly. 

HANGER,  sb.  Nhb.  Yks.  Oxf.  Nrf.  Ken.  Sus.  Hmp.  I.W. 
w.Cy.  Dor.  Also  in  form  anjur-  I.W.2  1.  A  hook  or  link 
by  which  a  pot  or  kettle  is  suspended  over  the  fireplace. 

Oxf.1  MS.  add.  w.Cy.  Hung  a  black  kettle  over  it  [fire]  on  a 
veritable  pothook  and  hanger,  Longmans  Mag.  (Apr.  1898)  543  ; 
The  old  iron  '  hangers '  for  pots  are  very  common,  il>,  (Nov.  1896;  64. 

2.  Comp.  Anjur-dogs,  andirons  at  the  side  of  a  hearth  to 
support  the  logs,  and  with  hooks  for  the  spit  to  run  on.   I.W.2 

3.  A  hinge.     See  Hinger,  3. 

Nhb.1  As  gen.  used  on  field  or  garden  gates.  w.Cor.  I  bought 
new  hangers  for  my  desk.  Shall  I  put  new  hangers  to  this  door  ? 

4.  //.    Fungi  hanging  to  old  logs.     Nrf.  (P.H.E.) 

5.  A  hanging  wood  on  the  side  of  a  hill.    Cf.  hang,  sb.  11. 
w.Yks.  The  Jay  .  .  .  occurs  in  some  of  the  large  falls,  or  hangers, 

in  Airedale,  LUCAS  Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882)  143.  Ken.1,  Sus.12 
Hmp.  The  naked  part  of  the  Hanger  is  now  covered  with  thistles, 
WHITE  Selborne  (1789)  301,  ed.  1853;  (J.R.W.)  ;  (H.E.) ;  Hmp.1 
These  hangers  are  woods  on  the  sides  of  very  steep  hills.  The 
trees  and  underwood  hang,  in  some  sort,  instead  of  standing  on 
it.  Hence  these  places  are  called  hangers,  COBBETT  Rur.  Rides, 
87.  Dor.  BARNES  Gl.  (1863;. 

HANGEREL,  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Also  in 
forms  hangarel(l  Sc.  (JAM.)  Cum.14;  hangerill  n.Yks.; 
hangrell  Gall.  Wm.  &  Cum.1  [hja-rjaral.]  1.  A  stick  in 
a  butcher's  shop,  on  which  the  carcase  of  a  pig  or  other 
animal  is  suspended,  a  '  cambrel.'  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1 

2.  An  implementofthestable,upon  which  bridles,  halters, 
&c.,  are  hung ;  a  stick  or  post  on  which  anything  is  hung. 

Sc.  Commonly  a  stout  branch  of  a  tree  with  a  number  of  knots 
left  on,  Gl.  Sibb.  (JAM.)  Gall.  They  [liggetts]  are  hung  on  what  is 
termed  a  hangrell,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (.1824)  316,  ed.  1876. 

3.  Fig.    A  lazy,  idle,  good-for-nothing  person  ;  a  hanger- 
on.    Also  used  altrib. 

Cum.14  Wm.  &  Cum.1  A  hangrell  gang  Com'  with  a  bensil  owr 
the  sea,  168.  n.Yks.2 

HANGIE,  sb.    Sc.  Nhb.    [ha-rji.j      1.  A  hangman. 

Sc.  Gin  hangie  would  gie  them  a  dip  through  his  trap  door,  FORD 
Thistledown  (1891)  312.  Frf.  There  he  stood  till  hangie  got  Beneath 
his  lug  the  ugly  knot,  SANDS  Poems  (1833)  109.  Lnk.  Vild  hangy's 
taz,  RAMSAY  Poems  (1721)  36  ;  Ilk  ane  saw  auld  Hangie's  helter 
Owre  his  head  aboot  to  fa',  NICHOLSON  Kilwuddie  (ed.  1895)  76. 
Nhb.  The  hangey  .  .  .  that  trims  wor  neckornowt  suit  in  this  life, 
CHATER  Tyneside  Aim.  (1869)  23. 

2.  The  devil. 

Cai.1  Ayr.  Hear  me,  auld  Hangie,  for  a  wee,  An'  let  poor 
damned  bodies  be,  BURNS  Address  Deil  (,1785)  st.  2. 

3.  A  drift-net.     Cf.  hang,  9.    The  use  of  the  hangie  or 
drift-net  on  the  waters  of  the  Tay,  Scottish  Leader  (Mar. 
u,  1889)  5. 

HANGING,  ppl.  adj.  and  sb.  Van  dial,  uses  in  Sc. 
Irel.  Eng.  and  Colon.  Also  written  hangen  War.  Dor.1 
1.  ppl.  adj.  In  comp.  (i)  Hanging-bout,  an  execution, 
hanging ;  (2)  —  coal,  a  common  sort  of  coal ;  (3)  - 
cover,  a  wood  on  the  slope  of  a  hill ;  (4)  -fair,  see  (ij  ;  (5) 
—  field,  a  field  on  a  slope  ;  (6)  —  gale,  a  payment  of  rent 
allowed  to  lie  in  arrear  ;  see  Gale,  sb.3  ;  (7)  —  gate,  a  bar 
hung  across  a  small  stream  to  prevent  any  one  passing  it ; 
(8)  —  geranium,  the  geranium,  Saxifraga  sarmentosa ;  (9) 
•head,  the  upright  part  of  a  gate,  to  which  the  hinges  are 
attached ;  (10)  -house,  a  shed  under  a  continuation  of  the 
roof  of  a  house  ;  (n)  — level,  an  uninterrupted  declivity; 
an  inclined  plane ;  (12)  — market,  see  below;  (13)  -on, 
mining  term  :  a  place  in  the  shaft  where  tubs  are  taken 
out  and  put  in;  (14)  -post,  see  (9);  (15)  -side,  the  high 
side  of  a  drift  in  a  colliery,  driven  on  the  level  of  an  in- 
clined stratum  ;  (16)  -wall,  an  overhanging  wall ;  the 

wall  or  side  in  a  mine  over  the  regular  vein  ;  (17)  -wood, 
see  (3). 

(i)  n.Yks.2  (a)  Stf.1  (3)  War.  The  hounds  were  '  run  through 
a  hanging  cover,'  B'ham  Dy.  Gazette  (Feb.  18,  1899)  Hunting  Notes. 
(4)  Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873:.  w.Som.1  Jack  and  Liz  be  gwain  to 
be  married  next  Thuzday,  'cause  there's  gwain  to  be  a  hanging 
fair  to  Taunton  thick  morning,  and  they  must  lost  a  day's  work,  so 
they  be  gwain  there  fust,  vor  a  bit  of  a  spree.  (5)  e.Suf.  (F.H.) 
(6)  N.I.1  On  some  estates  it  is  customary  to  allow  one  gale  of  rent 
to  lie  always  in  arrear.  This  is  called  the  hanging  gale.  Myo. 
They  owed  but  six  months'  rent  with  the  hanging  gale,  Times 
(Nov.  13,  1880  .  (7)  Lnk.  Below  the  hanging  gate  on  Barncluith 
burn,  PATRICK  Plants  (1831)  191.  (8)  Wil.1  From  the  way  in 
which  it  is  usually  suspended  in  a  cottage  window.  (9)  w.Som.1 
(10)  Dor.  BARNES  Gl.  (1863).  (ii)  Nnp.1,  e.An.1  Nrf.,  Sus. 
HOLLOWAY.  (12.!  Lon.  It  was  a  hanging  market  that  day — that  is 
to  say.  things  had  been  dear,  and  the  costers  couldn't  pay  the  price 
for  them,  MAYHEW  Land.  Labour  (1851)  I.  64.  (13)  Nhb.,  Dur. 
NICHOLSON  Coal  Tr.  Gl.  (1888;.  (14)  Wil.1  Freq.  heard,  although 
'  har '  is  much  more  commonly  used.  w.Som.1  Thick  piece  mid  do 
vor  a  vallin  post,  but  he  id'n  good  'nough  vor  a  hangin-post. 
nw.Dev.1  The  back  is  hinged  to  the  hangin'-poss  by  crooks  an' 
eyes,  and  the  head  is  usually  fastened  to  the  vallin'-poss  by  a  hapse 
and  stape.  (15;  Nhb.  (,G.C.G.)  (.lOjnw.Der.i.Nhp.1  [Aus.  What 
we  thought  was  the  '  hanging-wall'  caved  in,  and  showed  us  the 
true  reef  again,  VOGAN  Blk.  Police  (1890)  vii.j  (17)  Nhp.1,  War.3 
e.Suf.  (F.H.) 

2.  Phr.  (i)  hanging  bone  villain,  a  term  of  abuse  ;    (2)  — 
sort  of  way,  wavering  between  illness  and  health. 

(i)  w.Ir.  Oh,  the  hangin'  bone  villian  !  LOVER  Leg.  ^1848)  I.  199. 
va)  Chs.1 

3.    The  hinges  or  apparatus  on  which   a  door, 
gate,  &c.,  is  made  to  swing. 

w.Som.1  The  hook  and  eye  or  hook  and  twist  are  the  common 
forms  of  gate  hangings.  '(You.  can  put  wiren  hangings  to  thick 
box,  neef  'ee  mind  to.'  nw.Dev.1 

4.  The  sloping  side  of  a  hill ;  the  steep  wooded  side  of  a 
hill.     Cf.  hanger,  5. 

Nhp.1  '  It  lies  on  the  hangings,'  on  the  side  of  a  hill.  Brks.1  E'll 
vind  moor  partridges  on  the  hangin'  yander  'n  anywher.  Hmp. 
(J.R.W.),  Wil.1  n.Wil.  I  see  dree  foxes  up  in  th'  hanging  (E.H.G.  . 
Dor.  BARNES  Gl.  (,I863)  >  Dor.1  My  little  zummer-leaze  da  stratch 
all  down  the  hangen,  141. 

5.  A  hillside  field. 

War.  (J.R.W.)  Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892);  Wil.1  Som.  SWEETMAN 
Wincanton  Gl.  (1885). 

HANGLE,  sb.  Lan.  Glo.  Brks.  Wil.  Som.  Also  in 
forms  angle  Lan. ;  hangler  Wil.1  [a'rjl,  avnl.]  1.  The 
iron  rack  or  pot-hook  on  which  a  kettle,  &c.,  is  suspended 
over  the  fire.  Gen.  in  pi. 

Glo.  (J.S.F.S.)    Brks.  Gl.  (1852);  Brks.1,  Wil.1    Som.jENNiNGS 
Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825);  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873) ;  i^W.F.R.);  (F.A.A.) 
w.Som.1  In  farm-houses  and  places  where  wood  only  is  burnt,  a 
bar  of  iron  is  placed  across  the  chimney,  six  or  seven  feet  from 
the  ground ;  from  this  are  hung  iron  hooks  so  made  as  to  lengthen 
or  shorten  at  will,  and  on  these  are  hung  the  various  pots  and 
kettles  over  the  fire.     These  hooks  are  sometimes  called  hangles, 
'or  '  a  pair  o'  angles,'  but  oftener  '  chimbly  crooks.' 
2.  A  door-hinge. 

Lan.  The  gate  drooping  from  its  angles,  BRIERLEY  Layrock 
^1864)  III.  36;  In  Saddleworth  and  its  neighbourhood  the  word 
'angle'  is  very  commonly  used  to  denote  a  door-hinge,  Manch. 
City  News  (Feb.  29,  1896). 

HANGMAN,  sb.  Der.  Nhp.  War.  Shr.  Som.  In  phr. 
hangman' swages,  (i)  thirteen  pence  halfpenny  ;  (2)  money 
paid  beforehand  for  work. 

(i)  nw.Der.1,  Nhp.1  War.3  Rarely  heard  now.  w.Som.1  The 
tradition  is  that  in  the  time  of  good  King  George,  or  'Farmer 
George,'  as  he  is  still  called,  the  hangman,  himself  a  reprieved 
convict,  received  the  clothes  of  the  condemned  and  thirteen  pence 
half-penny  for  each  culprit.  The  price  of  a  box  of  pills  is  still 
facetiously  spoken  of  as  hangman's  wages.  (2)  Shr.1 

HANGMENT,  sb.  n.Cy.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan.  Chs.  Der.  Not. 
War.  Also  Som.  Also  in  forms  engmond,  engmont 
w.Yks. ;  hangman  w.Yks.3 ;  hangmet  w.Yks. ;  hangmut 
e.Lan.1;  hengment,  hengmondt  w.Yks.  [h)a'rjment, 
e-rjment,  avnment.]  1.  A  hanging,  execution  ;  en- 

n.Yks.2    w.Som.1  I  thort  I  never  should'n  a-got  droo  they  there 




brimmles,  'twas  jish  hangment's  never  you  behold.  They  do  zay 
how  thick  there  fuller's  a-let  off,  zo  there  'ont  be  no  hangment  to 
Taun'on  thease  year. 

2.  The  devil,  deuce,  used  as  an  oath  in  van  phr.,  esp. 
what  the  hangment.    Also  in  pi, 

Cum.  What  the  hangment  is  ta  maapen  aboot  noo  ?  Willy  Wattle 
(1870)  3  ;  Cam.14  Yks.  The  haangmenttak  that  hangrick,  FETHER- 
STON  T.  Goorkrodger  (1870)  137.  n.Yks.  (I.W.I;  What  the 
hangment  is  t'fellow  gain  ta  diu?  (W.H.)  e.Yks.1  Hangment  tiv 
it,  says  Ah.  w.Yks.  I  couldn't  imagine  whot  the  engmond  wor 
t'matter  wi'  urn,  Yksman.  1880)  198;  Nah  then,  hah  leng  are  ye 
bahn  ta  keep  me  waiten  ?  Whot  the  hengmondt !  HARTLEY  Clock 
Aim.  (1874)  T,  Whear  the  hengments  hes  teh  been?  (JE.E.); 
(S.P.U.);  w.Yks.12;  w.Yks.3  A  woman  who  turned  in  her  toes 
put  her  shoes,  by  mistake,  on  the  wrong  feet  and  exclaimed, '  Why 
what  the  hangman  do  I  ail  ?  I  used  to  twang,  but  now  I  shale.' 
Lan.  What  the  hangment  ails 'em  •  CLEGG  Sketc/itt, 1(18951  7  ;  Lan.1, 
n.Lan.1,  e.Lan.1  War.3  What  the  hangment  is  that  fellow  doing? 

3.  Phr.  (i)  to  play  the  hangment,  (a)  to  be  very  much  en- 
raged ;  (b)  to  injure,  play  havoc  or  the  mischief  with  ;  (2) 
shame  and  hangment,  an  oath  or  exclamation. 

(:,  a)  N.Cy.1  Cum.1  '  He'll  play  the  hangment  wid  ye,'  he  will 
be  very  severe ;  Cum.4  n.Yks.  Yon  fellow  a'l  play  the  hangment 
wi'  me  if  a  doant  tack  him  some  brass  (W.H.).  w.Yks.  He  varry 
oft,  in  his  tantrums,  plays  the  engmond  wi'  hizsen,  Yksman.  i  July 
1878)  52;  Thare  wor  t'hengment  ta  play,  Pudsey  Aim.  (1894); 
w.Yks.1  He  wor  hotterin  mad,  an  play'd  t'hangment,  ii.  304. 
ne.Lan.  I  mun  know  naa,  lass,  or  there'll  be  th'  hangments  to  play, 
MATHER  Idylls  (1895)  259.  nw.Der.1  fti)  e.Yks.1  This  dhry 
weather's  playin  hangment  wJ  tonnops  [turnips].  Chs.1  It's 
played  the  hangment  with  me.  Not.2  He  played  hangment  (or  the 
hangment)  with  it.  (2}  Cum.3  What  the  sham'  an  hangment  d'ye 
mean  be  that  ?  Yan  o  C Elect ;  Cum.4 

HANGY,  adj.  Cum.  Brks.  Suf.  1.  Of  soil  :  sticky, 
wet,  clayey.  Cf.  clung,  5. 

Brks.1  e.An.1 ;  e.An.2  Clayey  soil,  when  wet,  is  hangy.  e.Suf. 

2.  Poorly,  dull  through  incipient  illness.  Cum.4  (s.  v. 

HANGY-BANGY,  sl>.  Nhb.1  A  big,  lazy  fellow;  a 

HANK,  sb.1  and  v.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng. 
Also  in  forms  ank  Bdf.  ;  henk  w.Yks.;  hink  Ken.12; 
honk  m.Lan.1  s.Lan.  [h)ank,  aerjk.]  1.  sb.  A  rope  or 
coil ;  a  knot,  loop.  Also  usedy^g". 

Sc.  Her  hanks  of  raven  hair,  CUNNINGHAM  Stiffs.  (1813^  28;  1 
have  cast  a  double  hank  about  the  round  world  since  I  last  heard 
of  a  soft  morning,  SCOTT  SI.  Ronan  (1824)  xv.  Ayr.  The  broom- 
covered  knowes  Took  a  hank  on  this  heart  I  ne'er  can  unlowse, 
AINSLIE  Land  of  Bums  (ed.  1892  228.  N.I.1  Cum.3  Though  thy 
hair  were  hanks  o'  gowd,  Sng.  Waukrifc Minnie .  ne.Yks.1,  m.  Yks.1 
2.  A  skein  or  measure  of  cotton,  thread,  wool,  &c.  Also 
used  Jig. 

Sc.  It  taks  twa  hanks  o'  thread,  HISLOP  Anecdote  (1874)  259. 
Abd.  I'm  ganin'  ower  to  the  toon  to  buy  a  few  hanks  o'  worset, 
MACDONALD  Sir  Gibbie,  xxii.  Per.  Hanks  o'  thread,  FORD  Harp 
(1893)  210.  Ayr.  Richt  or  wrang  ye  maun  leeze  out  the  tanglcdi 
hank  for  yoursel',  JOHNSTON  Glenbuckie  (.1889)  50.  Lnk.  Coft  the 
yarn  in  hanks,  WATSON  Poems  (1853)  85.  Gall.  At  every  '  hank  ' 
it  [the  chack  reel]  winds,  it  gives  a '  chack  '  or  clack,  MACTAGGART 
Encycl.  (1824)  130,  ed.  1876.  N.I.1  A  measure  of  linen  yarn.  Uls. 
A  ravelled  hank,  an  intricate  piece  of  business  (M.B.-S.).  N.Cy.1 
To  make  a  ravelled  hank,  to  put  anything  into  confusion.  Nhb.  A 
ravelled  hank  is  a  tangled  skein,  and  the  word  >sjig.  applied  for 
a  confused  state  (K.O.H.).  Dur.1,  Lakel.-  Cum.1 ;  Cum.3  When 
the  worsted  hanks  she  wound,  180  ;  Cum.4  A  skein  of  thread  or 
yarn,  composed  of  12  cuts.  Wm.  Hod  us  this  hank  o'  wursit 
(.B.K.).  n.Yks.1  ;  n.Yks.2  A  knot  or  clump  of  worsted  consisting 
of  so  many  skeins.  '  They're  boun  te  mak  a  cotter'd  hank  on't,' 
an  entangled  business  of  it.  e.Yks.  MARSHALL  Km:  Econ.  (1796). 
m.Yks.1  Two  or  more  skeins  of  cotton,  silk,  worsted,  or  thread  of 
any  kind.  w.Yks.  The  standard  hank  of  worsted  is  560  yards  in 
length  vF.R.);  w.Yks.3  Thread,  &c.  in  course  of  preparation, 
wound  upon  a  large  cylinder.  A  hank  of  wool  or  cotton  is  840 
yards,  of  worsted  560.  Six  hanks  make  one  bunch  in  cotton  and 
worsted,  four  in  woollen  ;  w.Yks.8,  n.Lan.1  s.Lan.  BAMFORD 
Dial.  (1854).  Chs.1  A  term  used  in  flax-dressing.  nw.Der.1,  Not.1 
Lin.  A  hank  of  woollen  yarn  consists  of  seven  lees,  MARSHALL 
JfrMMr(l8ll)  IIL  n-Lin.1,  Glo.  (A.B.),  Glo.2,  Oxf.  (G.O.)  e-An.1 
A  small  quantity  of  twine,  yarn,  &c.,  not  rolled  in  a  ball,  but 

doubled  over  in  lengths,  is  called  a  hank.      Ken.   LEWIS  /.  Tenet 
(1736)  ;  Ken.1 ;  Ken.2  A  hank  of  silk.     w.Som.1 

3.  Phr.  (i)  to  be  in  a  hank,  (2)  to  get  or  have  things  in  a 
hank,  to  be  in  a  state  of  perplexity  or  trouble  ;  to  get  one's 
circumstances  involved  ;  (3)  to  have,  hold,  or  keep  the  hank 
in  one's  own  hand,  to  be  master  of  the  situation  ;  to  hold 
one's  own. 

(i)  n.Yks.1  (2)  n.Yks.14  (3  Sc.  Hangie  aye  keeps  the  hank 
in  his  ain  hand,  FORD  Thistledown  (1891 N  312.  ne.Sc.  I  believed 
that  I  had  the  hank  o'  circumstances  fairly  in  my  nan',  an'  cud 
win'  the  thread  just  as  I  wished,  GRANT  Keckleton,  14.  Abd. 
Which  meeting  enabled  the  goodwife  to  get  '  the  hank '  sufficiently 
in  her  ain  hand,  without  the  appearance,  as  she  thought,  of  seizing 
it  too  openly,  ALEXANDER  Ain  Flk.  (1882)  173.  Ayr.  Keep  your 
ain  ban'  at  your  ain  hank,  Nor  fash  wi'  fremmit  matters,  AINSLIE 
Land  of  Burns  (ed.  1892)  92.  Uls.  'To  keep  the  hank  in  your 
own  hand.'  Prov.  Do  not  abandon  any  advantage  you  possess, 
from  custom  of  buyer  and  seller  seizing  hold  of  a  hank,  latter 
retaining  it,  or  handing  it  over  according  to  issue  of  bargain,  Uls. 
Jrn.  Arch.  (1857,1  V.  106.  Cum.4  She  hed  t'hank  in  her  awn 
hand,  FARRALL  Betty  Wilson  (1886)  127. 

4.  A  cluster,  collection  of  things  ;  a  gang,  confederacy, 

Nhp.1  They  arc  all  of  a  hank.  War.  (HALL.)  Som.  '  There's 
sucl;  a  hank  wi'  em  al' '  would  be  said  where  it  was  impossible  to 
lay  blame  on  the  right  person.  Mark  Beauchamp  tells  me  that  he 
has  lived  for  35  years  '  in  the  hank  o'  houses'  (W.F.RV. 

5.  Dealings  with,  connexion.    Also  m  pi.  in  phr.  to  have 
hanks  with.     Used  always  with  a  neg. 

War.  (J.R.W.)  Oxf.1  Us  be  fren's  now,  but  at  one  time,  I 
66dn't  aa  no  hank  wi  'n,  MS.  add.  Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892  ;  Wil.1 
I  won't  ha'  no  hank  wi'  un.  Dor.  He  would  never  again  have 
hanks  with  any  young  woman,  except  the  girl  he  intended  to 
marry  fC.  K.P.  .  Som.  I  never  had  noo  hank  in  mathymaticks  or 
astronomy,  AGRIKLER  Rhymes  (1872)  55;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873  • 
w.Som.1  Her  said  how  her  wid'n  ha  no  hanks  way  un.  Also 
applied  to  animals  gen.  I  have  heard  people  warned,  moreover, 
'nut  to  have  no  hanks'  with  a  certain  horse,  or  with  an  undesir- 
able bargain.  Dev.  A  coachman,  whose  horse  had  run  away,  said 
to  his  master  afterwards,  '  I'll  have  no  more  hank  with  'im,' 
Reports  Provinc.  (1897).  nw.Dev.1 

6.  A  loop  for  fastening  a  door  or  gate. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Nhb.  (R.O.H.)  n.Yks.1  ;  n.Yks.2  A  rope- 
loop  for  fastening  a  gate  to  the  post,  in  lieu  of  a  latch  or  a  hook  ; 
n.Yks.4  e.Yks.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788).  Nhp.1,  War.3, 
e.An.',  Suf.1,  e.Suf.  (F.H.I 

7.  Hold,  influence,  esp.  in  phr.  to  have  a  hank  over  one, 
to  have  an  advantage  over  one. 

Sc. '  You  abuse  your  advantages,  madam,'  he  said,  'and  act  as 
foolishly  in  doing  so,  as  I  did  in  affording  you  such  a  hank  over 
me,'  SCOTT  Rcdg.  (1824  xix.  n.Yks.1  To  have  one  in  hank.  To 
have,  or  have  placed,  a  person  in  such  circumstances  that  he  is  in 
a  state  of  perplexity,  trouble,  or  anxiety ;  or  that  he  is  unable  to 
extricate  himself.  Hrf.2  And  a  couldna  get  a  hank  on  him.  Glo.1 
If  I'd  a  done  that,  I  should  have  given  him  a  hank  over  me.  Ken.1 
Wo  say  a  man  has  a  hank  on  another ;  or,  he  has  him  entangled  in 
a  skein  or  string  ;  Ken.2,  Hmp.  (J.R.W.)  Som.  Mothers  will  say 
that  the  other  boys  have  such  a  hank  upon  their  own  particular 
boys  (W.F.R.  .  Dev.1  A  wid  trounce  me  if  a  cou'd  ha'  any 
hank  upon  me.  43. 

8.  Phr.  (i)  to  break  the  hank  of  a  thing,  to  overcome  the 
principal  difficulty ;    (2)  to  keep  a  good  hank  upon  your 
horse,  to  have  a  good  hold  of  the  reins. 

(i)  Bdf.  '  To  break  the  ank'  or  '  hank  '  of  a  thing  has  the  same- 
meaning  as  '  to  break  the  neck  '  of  it.  It  may  denote  properly  to 
break  the  bondage  which  a  task  imposes, — the  hold  which  it  has 
upon  one  (J.W.B.).  (a)  N.Cy.1 

9.  A  habit,  custom,  practice. 

N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1  Cum.  (H.W.) ;  Cum.1  He  hes  a  hank  o'  gangan 
out  at  nects  ;  Cum.4  w.Yks.1  Shoe's  gitten  a  sad  hank  o'  runnin 
out  at  neets. 

10.  A  fall  or  '  chip '  in  wrestling. 

Lakel.2     Cum.4  C —  tried  the  click  and  turned  it  into  the  hank. 

11.  A  hook,  something  to  hang  a  thing  upon  ;  a  handle. 
w.Yks.  Aw'Il  put  this  parkin'  i'  this  pot  up'o  t'henk,  Yksman. 

Comic  Ann.  (1880)  n.     Som.  ^HALL.) 

12.  v.   To  make  up  into  coils  or  skeins. 

Sh.I.  He  found  the  cow's  tethers  hanging  hanked,  BURGESS 
Tang  (1898;  157 ;  He  hankit  his  tail  ower  his  elbik,  ib.  Rasmie 




(1892)  17.  N.Cy.1,  Cum.",  n.Yks.2  w.Yks.5  'Hank,'  or  '  skein- 
thread,'  so  called  because  looped  together  in  certain  lengths,  or 
'  hanked  '  together.  '  Hank  us  that,'  loop  me  that. 

Hence  Hanking,  vbl.  sb.  the  process  of  putting  yarn  or 
worsted  into  '  hanks  '  or  skeins. 

w.Yks.  (J.M.);  BANKS  Wkfld.  Wds.  (1865). 
13.  To  fasten,  secure,  tie  up  ;  to  fasten  with  a  loop.    Also 

Sc.  A  man  is  said  to  be  hankit,  when  he  has  so  engaged  himself 
to  a  woman,  that  he  cannot  recede  without  breach  of  faith,  and 
loss  of  character  QAM.).  Lth.  We  both  jumped  from  the  trap, 
hanked  the  nag  to  the  nearest  tree,  LUMSDEN  Sheep-head  (1892) 
204.  Edb.  A  bonny  flae  .  .  .  Had  a'  the  night  been  hankit  Fast  by 
the  left  foot  muckle  tae,  FORBES  Poems  (1812)  38.  Nhb.  Hank 
them  chines  on  (R.O.H.).  Dur.1,  Lakel.1,  Cum.1*  Win.  Ther 
chaps  al  hank  thersells  onta  tha,  Spec.  Dial.  (1885)  pt.  iii.  16. 
n.Yks.1  To  fasten  or  '  hang  '  a  horse  :  as,  by  passing  his  bridle,  or 
halter,  over  a  gate,  a  hook,  or  what  not  ;  n.Yks.2  To  tie  up  with  a 
bandage;  n.Yks.34  ne.Yks.1  To  hank  a  band,  i.  e.  fasten  or  secure 
a  band.  e.Yks.  THOMPSON  Hist.  Welton  (1869)  170.  w.Yks.1, 
Der.2,  nw.Der.1  n.Lin.  Then  owd  woman  teks  clock-waaight,  an' 
cat-gut  band,  .  .  an'  hanks  it  roond  tooth,  PEACOCK  Tales  (1886)  98. 
s.Wor.  To  overcast  [in  sewing]  (H.  K.).  Nrf.  Hank  up  the  gate, 
COZENS-  HARDY  Broad  Nrf.  (1893)  3.  e.Suf.  Hank  up,  to  fasten  a 
door  or  gate  with  a  hook  (F.H.). 

14.  To  tie  anything  so  tight,  as  to  leave  the  impression 
of  the  cord  ;  to  gall  with  a  rope  or  cord  ;  to  hold  a  horse 
in  tight,  check  him  by  drawing  bridle. 

Sc.  The  neck  is  said  to  be  hankit  when  a  necklace  is  tied  too 
strait  GAM.).  n.Yks.1 

15.  To  walk  arm  in  arm  with  ;  to  link  arms. 
Nhb.  Hank  your  airm  through  mine  (R.O.  H.). 

Hence  Hanking-arms,  vbl.  sb.  the  act  of  walking  arm 
in  arm. 

Lan.  They  had  risen  to  the  dignity  of  '  hankin'-arms,'  although 
they  had  not  quite  mastered  the  difficulty  of  keeping  in  step  with 
each  other,  ALMOND  Watercresses,  28. 

16.  To  associate  with  ;    to  act  or  agree  with  ;    to  keep 
company  with. 

w.Yks.  A  man  is  hanked  with  another  in  an  evil  undertaking, 
Leeds  Merc.  Suppl.  (June  6,  1896)  ;  w.Yks.3  Au  wonder  haa  he 
could  hank  wi'  sich  folk.  Som.  There  was  one  Abraham  Urch, 
and  William  did  use  to  hanky  wi'  he  (W.F.R.).  Dev.  If  anything 
good  in  my  heart  had  a  place  I  could  hank  it  wi'  thee  and  thy 
workin's  could  trace,  PULMAN  Sketches  ,1842)  71,  ed.  1871. 

17.  Wrestling  term  :  see  below. 

Cum.  (H.W.)  ;  Cum.4  When  wrestling  the  left  leg  is  put  forward 
and  between  the  legs  of  the  opponent,  thus  catching  his  right. 
At  the  same  time  the  body  is  thrown  back,  and  the  opponent 
turns  under.  This  is  considered  to  be  a  beaten  man's  '  chip,'  and 
not  a  good  one,  and  to  avoid  it  the  '  click  '  or  '  back-heel  '  is 
employed.  My  informant  '  liked  weel  to  be  hankt,  he  has  sic 
a  lang  leg,  and  generally  fellt  them  'at  triet  it.'  'J  —  was  hanked, 
S-  —  trying  the  inside  click.' 

18.  To  catch  or  hang  anything  on  to  a  hook. 

Edb.  Her  coats  upon  a  lang  nail  hanket,  Tint  Quey  (1796)  20. 
Wm.  Hank  t'kettle  on  t'creuk  (B.K.).  w.Yks.2  Two  bow-legged 
knife-grinders  met  on  a  footpath.  One  of  them  said  to  the  other, 
'  Nah,  moind,  owd  lad,  or  we  shall  hank.'  He  meant  that  his  leg 
might,  unless  he  took  care,  be  hooked  or  fastened  to  his  friend's 
leg.  Lan.  His  foot  hankt  in  a  three-legged  stool,  Takin'  tK  New 
Year  in  (1888)  14.  m.Lan.1  To  honk  yo'r  cooat  sleeve  on  a  nail. 
s.Lan.  Honk  it  on,  BAMFORD  Dial.  (1854).  Not.1 

19.  To  long  for,  desire  earnestly.    Cf.  hanker,  v.  5. 
Cum.  (W.  K.),  Chs.3     Lin.  In  agro  Line,  usurpatur  pro  inclina- 

tione  et  propensione  animi,  SKINNER  (1671).  w.Som.1  He  do 
hank  arter  her  sure-lie  ! 

[1.  As  he  [Laocoon]  etlis  thair  hankis  to  have  rent, 
DOUGLAS  Eneados  (1513),  ed.  1874,  n.  80.  ON.  honk  (gen. 
hankar),  a  hank,  coil,  skein  (VIGFUSSON).  11.  Da.  hank, 
handle  of  a  basket,  ear  of  a  pot.  13.  Thair  navy  can  thai 
ankir  fast  and  hank,  DOUGLAS  Eneados,  in.  88.] 

HANK,  sb.2  Sc.  Also  in  form  haank,  haanks  Sh.I. 
1.  The  leeside  of  a  boat. 

Sh.I.  I  see  da  black  lump  o'  da  boat  noo.  Shu's  juist  baerin' 
apo'  wir  haank  yonder,  Sh.  News  (Feb.  4,  1899)  ;  He  laid  da  peerie 
taft  across  da  haanks  o"  da  fowereen,  an'  set  him  [it]  up,  ib. 
(June  3,  1899)  ;  '  Takkin'  her  up  in  hank,'  pulling  strongly  on 
the  leeside  to  lie  nearer  the  line  (J.I.). 

2.  Comp.  Hank-oarsman,  the  rower  who  sits  near  the 
helmsman.     Bnff.1 

HANKER,  v.  and  sb.1  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan. 
Chs.  Der.  War.  Won  Oxf.  Brks.  Ess.  Dor.  Also  in  form 
pnkerse.Wor.1  [h)a-nka(r,  »-rjk3(r).]  1.  v.  To  entangle 
in,  become  fastened  on. 

Cum.4  When  a  rope  is  dragged  along  the  ground,  it  may  be 
hankered  round  a  stone  or  stake.  If  a  girl  was  taking  linen  off 
the  hedge  where  it  had  been  put  to  dry  and  it  got  fixed  to  the 
thorns  she  would  say  it  was  hankered. 

2.  Phr.  hanker  the  heel,  wrestling  term  :  to  trip  up  one's 
antagonist  by  planting  one's  foot  behind  his.    Cum.4    See 

3.  To  loiter,  linger  about ;  to  dally,  tarry,  stop. 

Sc.  Bonny,  bonny  stanes  come  pirlin'  [moving],  And  hanker  juist 
when  they  reach  the  tee,  R.  Caled.  Curling  Club  Ann.  (1887-88) 
377.  Lnk.  Ye  needna  hanker  on  the  road,  WRIGHT  Life  (1897) 
82.  Ayr.  We  know  they  would  not  stay  nor  hanker  Till  it  was 
quite  overthrown,  LAING  Poems  (1894)  46.  Edb.  He  sees  her  aft, 
an'  winna  bide  away,  But  hankers  i'  my  house  the  H'e-lang  day, 
LEARMONT  Poems  (1791)  296.  Wm.  A  hankert  aboot  an  dud,  an 
eftre  a  bit  whaa  sud  a  see  bet  Tommy  his  varra  sell,  Spec.  Dial. 
(1865)  17.  w.Yks.  I  hanker  abaght  t'public  hoose,  Leeds  Herald 
(Jan.  1862).  Lan.  THORNBEK  Hist.  Blackpool  (1837)  108.  Oxf. 
(G.O.)  Brks.  I  used  to  hanker  round  the  kitchen,  or  still  room, 
HUGHES  Scour.  White  Horse  (1858)  viii. 

4.  To  hesitate,  ponder,  esp.  to  hesitate  in  speaking. 
Rnf.  Willie  hankered  awee  this  morning,  I  think,  but  there  is 

nae  wonner,  for  he  got  unco  near  the  throne  whiles,  GILMOUR 
Pen  Flk.  (1873)  46.  Ayr.  He  hums  and  he  hankers,  BURNS  What 
can  a  Young  Lassie  do,  St.  2  ;  Ne'er  hanker  lang,  when  tempted 
sair,  WHITE  Jottings  (1879)  148.  Lnk.  Ilka  day  she  hankered 
owre't,  It  bothered  her  the  mair,  ORR  Laigli  Flichts  (1882)  35. 
Nhb.  He  kinda  hankert  i'the  middle  o'hees speech  (R.O.H.);  Nhb.1 

5.  To  desire,  covet,  long  for.    Also  with  after. 

e.Sc.  Her  heart  hankers  after  the  pots,  SETOUN  Sunshine  (1895) 
276.  Cum.  Auld  Skiddaw  lang  hed  hanker't  sair  Itsel  to  be  t'Fell 
king,  RICHARDSON  Talk  (1876)  2nd  S.  13  ;  Thoo  knows  it's  thee  he 
hankersel'ter,  GWORDIEG-REENUP  YanceaYear(i8i3)6;  Cum.4  Yks. 
(J.  W.)  Lan.  Ye  won't  hanker  after  a  fire  again,  GASKELL  M.  Barton 
(i848)v.  Chs.1  Der.  Art  tha  hankerin  after  a  trade  ?  WARS  David 
Grieve  1^1892)  I.  iv.  War.  There's  many  another  man  'ud  hanker 
more  than  he  does,  GEO.  ELIOT  5.  Marner  (1861)  133.  se.Wor.1 
Nrf.  John  is  a  kind  a'  hankering  arter  Mary  (W.W.S.). 

Hence  (i)  Hankering,  (a)  sb.  a  strong  desire,  a  longing; 
(b)  ppl.  adj.  longing,  desirous ;  (2)  Hankersome,  adj. 
uneasy,  discontented,  envious. 

(i,  a)  Sc.  Hankering  and  hinging  on  is  a  poor  trade,  RAMSAY 
Prov.  (1737).  Cum.1  He  still  hez  a  hankeran' for  her.  Yks.  (J.W.) 
Chs.1  An  yo  getten  a  sope  o'  red  port  wine  as  yo'd  give  my 
mother;  oo's  been  ta'en  bad  in  her  bowels,  and  oo  has  sitch  a 
hankerin  for  a  sope  o'  red  port  wine.  Brks.  Gl.  (1852) ;  Brks.1 
Ess.  Gathers  had  A  hank'rin'  arter  Mary,  CLARK  /.  Noakes  (1839) 
st.  29.  (b)  Dor.  In  a  hankering  tone,  HARDY  Trumpet-Major 
(1880)  iii.  (2)  Wm.  Yan  mae  be  hankersem  an  bad  anuff,  Spec. 
Dial.  (1880)  pt.  ii.  7. 

6.  sb.    Phr.  there's  the  hanker,  there's  the  rub.    Cum.4 

7.  Inclination,  longing,  desire. 

Lan.  There's  hanker  i'  every  condition,  HARLAND  Lyrics  (1866) 
296.  Dor.  She  has  not  shown  a  genuine  hanker  for  anybody  yet, 
HARDY  Laodicean  (ed.  1896)  bk.  iii.  273. 

8.  Hesitation,  doubt,  regret. 

Rnf.  As  one  who  laughs  at  social  wit,  And  laughs  without  a 
hanker,  McGiLVi<AY  Poems  (ed.  1862)  23. 

HANKER,  sb.2  Yks.  An  open  clasp  or  buckle.  See 
Anchor,  sb.  e.Yks.  Still  in  use,  though  not  usual  (R.S.).  m.Yks.1 

[Cp.  ON.  hanki,  the  hoop  or  clasp  of  a  chest.] 

HANKIE,  sb.  Dmf.  QAM.)  A  bucket  narrower  at  the 
top  than  the  bottom,  with  an  iron  handle,  used  in  carrying 

HANKLE,  v.  and  sb.1  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks. 
Lan.  Lin.  Also  written  hanckle  n.Cy.  Dur.1;  and  in 
forms  ankel  n.Yks. ;  ankle  e.Yks.1  w.Yks. ;  enkle  w.Yks.; 
hangall  Rnf. ;  henkl  S.  &  Ork.1 ;  henkle  n.Yks.4  w.Yks.5 
[h)a-nkl,  h)e'nkl.]  1.  v.  To  entangle,  twist  together. 
Also  usedy/g-. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Nhb.1,  Dur.1,  Cum.14  Wm.  His  booat  in 
her  crin'lin'  did  hankie,  BLEZARD  Sngs.  (1868)  17.  n.Yks.  He  gat 




hankled  amang  t'briers  (I.W. ) ;  n-Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.4  Ah've  gitten  t'kite 
sadly  hankled.  ne.Yks.1  It's  a  dree  job  ;  they're  all  seea  hankled 
tigither.  e.Yks.1,  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  WILLAN  List  Wds.  (1811); 
(R.H.H.);  w.Yks.1;  w.Yks.8 'Luke  what  that  barn's  done  !— goan 
an'  lowsed  t'skein  ofTo'  t'chairs  an'  henkled  it  awal  on  a  heap  ! ' 
'Hankled'  is  very  rarely  heard;  it  is  always  'henkled.'  Lan.  You 
may  get  hankled  among  the  bushes,  BRIGGS  Remains  (1825)  48  ; 
Lan.1  n,Lan.  (C.W.D.);  Fishing-nets  are  said  to  be  ankled  when 
they  have  become  twisted  together  (W.H.H.1 ;  n.Lan.1  n.Lin. 
All  his  munny  as  he  should  ha'  gotten's  hankled  up  wi'  th"  farm, 
PEACOCK  Tales  (1890)  and  S.  50;  n.Lin.1 

Hence  Hankled,  ppl.  adj.  twisted,  entangled.  Nhb.1, 

2.  Fig.  To  entangle  in  some  pursuit  or  proceeding ;  to 
associate  with,  be  connected  with  ;  to  inveigle,  entice, 
decoy.  Gen.  with  in  or  on. 

Rnf.  We  are  so  far  involved  and  hangalled  .  .  .  that  I  am  at 
a  loss  what  to  wish  were  done,  WODROW  Corresp.  (ed.  1842)  I.  343. 
s.Dur.  '  He's  gitten  hankled  in.'  An  expression  often  used  in 
connexion  with  courtship,  where  the  connexion  is  not  considered 
desirable  (J.E.D.X  Wm.  He  gat  hankled  on  wi'  a  lot  at  niwer 
did  neea  dow  an'  niwer  will  (B. K.);  Thae  trie  o  mannars  a  waes 
to  tice  fooak  an  git  em  hankalt  in  ta  treeat  em,  Spec.  Dial.  (1885) 
pt.  iii.  26.  n.Yks.  He  hankled  on  wiv  a  woman  (I.W.)  ;  Him  as 
hankled  him  on!  ATKINSON  Lost(  1870)  xxvi;  n.Yks. 'Theyhankled 
him  on  intiv  t'matter  ;  n.Yks.2  '  They  hankled  him  on,'  drew  him 
in  to  be  one  of  their  set ;  n.Yks.4  Ah  weean't  be  hankled  on  wi' 
neea  sike  leyke  carryings  on.  ne.Yks.1  Ah  is  vexed  at  oor  Tom's 
gitten  hankled  in  wi  sike  a  rafflin  lot.  e.Yks.1  Ah's  varry  sorry 
she's  getten  hankled  wi  sike  a  slither-pooak  as  him.  w.Yks.  He's 
getten  ankledon  wi'  alow  lotfS.K.  C.) ;  Iftha  gets  henkled  on  with  that 
low  lot,  thall  soon  loss  both  credit  and  character  (M.N.).  aLin.1 
He's  a  honest  chap  his  sen,  bud  he's  gotten  hankled  inwi'a  straange 
lot  o'  rogues.  sw.Lin.1  He  has  got  so  hankled  amongst  them. 

Hence  Hankled,  pp.,  fig.  habituated,  accustomed  to. 

8.  To  wind  up  a  fishing-line,  rope,  &c.,  into  a  coil ;  to 
'work '  in  hemp. 

Sc.  To  fasten  by  tight  tying  (JAM.) ;  Wha  hankie  the  hemp  sae 
fine,  WADDELL  Isaiah  (1879)  xix.  9.  Sh.I.  I  hankl'd  up  Staarna's 
teddir  an'  hang  him  [it]  ower  da  kneebi  o'  da  klibber,  Sh.  News 
(Aug.  13,  1898) ;  Shu  hankl'd  aff  a  lock  o'  wirsit  aff  o'  a  clue  at  wis 
lyin'  in  her  lap,  ib.  (July  23) ;  S.  &  Ork.1 
4.  To  greatly  desire  ;  to  '  hanker '  after.  n.Yks.4 

Hence  Hankling,  (i)  vbl.  sb.  a  hankering,  craving  after ; 
(2)  ppl.  adj.  desirous  of,  having  a  craving  or  desire  for. 

(i)  Cum.1     n.Yks.4  Ah  awlus  bed  a  hankling  foor  Tom's  meer. 
Neea,  wa  didn't  bargain,  bud  Ah've  a  gert  hankling  foor't.    e.Yks.1 
(a)  n.Yks.2 
6.  To  loiter,  linger,  wait  about.    Cf.  hanker,  v.  3. 

Lan.  So  tha'st  no  cageon  ston'  hanklin'  theere,  HARLAND  Lyrics 
(1866)  137  ;  A  young  man  seeking  the  favour  of  a  young  woman 
with  whom  he  is  in  love,  goes  hanklin  about  her  house  on  all  pos- 
sible occasions  (S.W.  \ 
6.  sb.   A  tangle,  twist. 

Lakel.2  A  hank  o'  wusset  '11  o'  gang  intul  a  hankie  when  ye're 
windin'  it.  Wm.  Hod  on  !  Thoos  garn  ta  hev  mi  threed  o  in  a 
hankie  (B.K.). 

HANKLE,  s6.2    Cai.1    The  ancle. 

[Hec  cavilla,  a  hankyl,  Pict.  Voc.  (c.  1475)  in  Wright's 
Voc.  (1884)  751.  Cp.  the  obs.  Sc.  hanckleth,  an  ancle. 
Thair  cotes  war  syd  evin  to  the  hanckleth,  DALRYMPLE 
Leslie's  Hist.  Scoll.  (1596)  I.  94.  See  AnclifF.] 

HANKLE,  see  Hancle. 

HANKTELO,  sb.  Obs.  s.Cv.  Slang.  [Not  known  to 
our  correspondents.]  A  silly  fellow.  (HALL.) 

[Hanktelo,  a  silly  fellow,  a  meer  codshead,  B.  E.  Diet. 
Cant.  Crew  (1690)  (FARMER).] 

HANKY-PANKY,  sb.  and  v.  Yks.  Lan.  Stf.  Lin.  Hrf. 
Som.  Slang.  Also  in  forms  anky-pranky  Stf.2  ;  henky- 
penky  Lan.1  1.  sb.  Trickery,  underhand  dealing,  shuff- 
ling. Also  used  altrib. 

w.Yks.  An  if  aw  catch  him  playin  onny  hanky  panky  tricks  wi' 
me  aw'll  repooart  him,  HARTLEY  Seels  Yks.  and  Lan.  (1895)  iii ; 
w.Yks.2  He's  full  of  his  hanky-panky  tricks!  Lan.1  Now  mi  lad — 
none  o'  thi  henky-penky  here ;  stand  up  fair.  Stf.2  Let's  'ave 
none  o'  yer  anky-prankies  here.  Th'  lad's  good  at  th'  bottom,  but 
'e's  such  a  anky-pranky  sort  of  a  chap.  s.Stf.  If  you  try  to  come 
any  hanky  panky  dodge  with  me,  MURRAY  Rainbow  Gold  (1886) 

362.  n.Lin.1  Noo  goa  strlght,  lets  hev  noa  hanky-panky-wark  this 
time.  Hrf.2  None  of  your  hanky-panky.  w.Som.1  I  told'n  he  was 
a  vrong  directed  wi  me  ;  I  zeed  droohis  hanky-panky  in  a  minute. 
Slang.  Hanky-panky,  legerdemain,  whence  trickery,  any  manner 
of  double-dealing  or  intrigue,  FARMER. 
2.  v.  To  humbug,  cheat,  trick ;  to  be  up  to  tricks. 

Stf.2  I  gien  th'  lad  sack  at  last,  fur  'e  was  anky-prankying  a' 
the  dee  thro. 

Hence  Hanky-pankying,  humbugging,  cheating, 

Lan.  No  hanky-pankyin'  wi'out  belungin'  to  us,  BRIERLEY  Irk- 
dale  (1868)  71. 

HANNEL,  sb.  Lim.  A  blow  given  to  the  head  of  one 
pegging-top  by  the  spike  of  another.  SIMMONS  Gl.  (1890). 

HANNEL,  HANNI(E,  see  Handle,  Handy,  sb.12 

HANNIEL,  sb.  and  v.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan. 
Also  written  haniel  Sc.  UAM.)  Slk.  Nhb. ;  hanyel  Sc. 
(JAM.)  ;  hanziel  Bch. ;  and  in  forms  haanyal  Cai.1 ; 
hunniel  n.Cy.  w.Yks.  ne.Lan.1;  hynail  Edb.  [h)a-nial, 
h)a'njl.]  1.  sb.  A  greedy  dog ;  a  covetous,  greedy  person. 

Slk.  (JAM.)  n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  w.Yks.  HUTTON  Tour  to 
Caves  (1781).  ne.Lan.1 

2.  A  long,  hungry-looking  fellow. 

Cum.  Thoo  hofe-starv't  leuckan  hanniel  thoo,  SARGISSON  Joe 
Scoap  (1881 ;  209  ;  We'd  hay-cruiks,  and  hen-tails,  and  hanniels, 
ANDERSON  Ballads  (1805)  170,  ed.  1808;  Shem  o'  them!  thur 
peer  country  hanniels,  That  slink  into  Carcl  to  feeght,  ib.  47,  ed. 
1840;  Cum.1 

3.  A  lout ;  a  lazy,  awkward,  good-for-nothing  fellow ;  a 
worthless,  mischievous  person  ;  a  gen.  term  of  abuse. 

Cal.1  Edb.  Tarn  Pucker's  sic  anither  hynail ;  And  vends  about 
diurnal  scandal,  LEARMONT  Poems  (.1791 )  66.  Slk.  Sae  little  kend 
the  haniel  about  fencing  that  ...  he  held  up  his  sword-arm  to 
save  his  head,  HOGG  Talcs  vi8s8)  7,  ed.  1866.  Rxb.  A  lazy  haniel 
(JAM.).  n.Cy.  (J.L.)  (1783).  Nhb.  Ah'll  tie  yer  legs  ye  haniel,  ye, 
if  ye  diven't  larn  to  behave,  CLARE  Rise  of  River  (1897)  51 ;  '  Ye 
greet  hanniel,  ye,  what  are  ye  dein'  here?'  Spoken  to  a  lazy 
idler  ^R.O.H.);  Nhb.'  Cum.4  A  waggish  man,  to  be  looked  down 
on,  but  with  deference.  A  girt  lang  hanniel.  Wm.  (J.H.1! 

4.  Comb.    Haniel  slyp,  an   uncouthly-dressed  person ; 
an  ugly  fellow. 

Bch.  (JAM.  i ;  In  came  sik  a  rangel  o'  gentles  an'  a  licthry  o" 
hanziel  slyps  at  their  tail,  FORBES  Jrn.  (1742)  17. 

5.  v.    To  have  a  jaded  appearance  from  extreme  fatigue. 
Lnk.  To  gang  hanycllin,  to  walk  with  the  appearance  of  sloven- 
liness and  fatigue  ^JAM.). 

HANNIER,  sb.     Obs.    Yks.    A  cross,  teasing  person. 

w.Yks.  WATSON  Hist.  Hlfx.  (1775)  539;  Leeds  Merc.  Suppl. 
(Mar.  i,  1884)  8;  w.Yks.4 

HANNIES,  sb.  pi.     Sc.    Oatcakes. 

Edb.  May  ye'r  board  be  ay  weel  sair'd  Wi'  Adie  hannies, 
FORBES  Poems  (1812,  88  ;  '  Oat-cakes,'  called  so  from  a  baker  of 
that  name  in  Dalkeith,  famed  for  baking  them,  ib.  note. 

HANNIWING,  sb.     Sc.    A  term  of  contempt. 

Frf.  But  ha!  ye  hanniwings,  look  there!  SANDS  Poems  (1833)  88. 

HANNY,  v.     Lan.    ?  Obs.    To  dispute,  argue. 

He  couldn't  allow  us  to  stond  hannyin  theere,  un  obstructin  th' 
passage,  STATON  B.  Shu/tie,  70  ;  A  friend  writes  that '  hannying 
and  yinny  ing 'formerly  meant 'barring  and  jarring'  in  an  alehouse 
in  argument  or  dispute,  but  it  is  not  known  to  me  vS.W.). 

HANOVER,  sb.  Lin.  Suf.  Used  in  exclamations  or 
mild  oaths ;  see  below.  Cf.  Halifax,  Hull,  &c. 

s.Lin.  •  Go  to  Hanover.'  '  What  the  Hanover  do  I  care  about 
it '  (T.H.R.1).  e. Suf.  '  Go  to  Hanover  and  hoe  turnips.'  Said  to 
date  from  the  time  of  the  Georges,  who  were  very  unpopular  in 
the  east,  if  not  elsewhere.  Still  in  popular  use  (F.  H.). 

HANS,  sb.  Obs.  Sc.  Yks.  Cant.  In  phr.  Hans  in 
Kelder,  an  unborn  child ;  a  toast  formerly  drunk  to  the 
health  of  the  expected  infant. 

Per.  Syne  pauky  Steen  drank  to  the  bride,  Come,  lass,  your 
hans  on  kelder,  NICOL  Poems  (1766)  49.  n.Yks.  An  old  lady,  long 
dead,  whose  childhood  was  passed  in  Whitby,  told  me  that  she 
remembered  at  dessert  sometimes  this  toast  being  drunk.  .  .  She 
found  from  Yorkshire  friends  that  it  was  a  custom  to  gather  a  knot 
of  very  intimate  friends  together,  for  a  take-leave  party,  at  a  house 
where  hospitalities  would  necessarily  be  suspended  till  the  chris 
tening  day,  N.  &->  Q.  (1868)  4th  S.  i.  181 ;  n.Yks.2  Cant.  Hans- 
ein-kelder,  Jack  in  the  box,  the  child  in  the  womb,  or  a  health  to 
it,  B.E.  Diet.  Cant.  Crew  ,1690)  (FARMER). 




[Du.  Hans  in  Kelder,  lit.  Jack  in  cellar,  an  unborn 
child;  cp.  the  Swabian  toast,  Hanschen  im  Keller  soil  leben, 
'  dies  sagt  man  bei  dem  Gesundheit-trinken  auf  feine 
schwangere  Frau '  (BIRLINGER)  ;  EFris.  hansken  in  de 
keller  (KOOLMAN)  ;  Bremen  dial,  hansken  im  keller  (JVtb.).] 

HANSE,  HANSEL(L,  see  Hance,  Handsel. 

HANSEL,  sb.     Hmp.     [ae'nsl.]    The  handle  of  a  flail. 

An  implement  consisting  of  two  sticks  loosely  joined  together ; 
one,  the  hansel,  held  in  the  hand,  and  the  other  joined  to  it,  the 
zwingel,  descending  with  a  dull  thud  upon  the  wheat-ears,  GRAY 
Heart  of  Storm  (1891)  II.  175. 

HANSER,  HANT,  see  Heronsew,  Haunt. 

HANTERIN,s6.  Sc.  Written  hantrin  e.Lth.  A  moment, 
short  space  of  time.  Also  used  attrib.  See  Aunterin. 

Cai.1  I'll  be  at  yer  han'  in  a  hanterin.  Boid  [wait]  ye  a  hanterin. 
e.Lth.  A'  ither  airts— south,  north,  or  wast— At  hantrin  times  grow 
dull  an'  dour,  MUCKLEBACKIT  Rhymes  (1885)  92. 

HANTIC(K,  see  Antic. 

HANTINGS,  sb.  pi.  n.Cy.  (HALL.)  Dev.1  The  handles 
which  fix  on  to  the  snead  of  a  scythe. 

HANTLE,  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  and  n.  counties  to  War.  Wor. 
Shr.  Also  written  hantel  Sc.  Cum.4  ;  and  in  forms  antel 
n.Stf. ;  antle  n.Lin.1;  handtle  Chs.23 ;  hontle  w.Yks.2 
Lan.1  Chs.1  s.Stf.  nw.Der.1;  ontle  se.Wor.1  [h)a'ntl,  o'ntl.] 

1.  A  handful. 

Cum.4,  Lakel.2  n.Yks.  A  hantle  o'  morr  is  mah  weel  beluwed 
unto  me,  ROBINSON  Whitby  Sng.  Sol.  (1860)  i.  13.  w.Yks.2  Lan.  A 
hontle  o'  wot  corks  feel  intot,  TIM  BOBBIN  View  Dial.  (1740)  25  ; 
Lan.1,  Chs.123  s.Chs.1  Dhi  sen  ey  mai'z  u  aan'tl  u  miin-i  evri 
fae-r-dee  [They  sen  hey  mays  a  hantle  o'  money  every  fair-dee]. 
n.Stf.  (A.P.)  s.Stf.  Gie  us  a  hontle  o  parsley,  PINNOCK  Blk.  Cy. 
Ann.  (1895).  Der.2,  nw-Der.1,  Lei.1  Nhp.1  It  is  customary  to  say, 
'  a  good  hantle,'  whenever  the  quantity  exceeds  a  common  hand- 
full  ;  Nhp.2,  War.3,  se.Wor.1  Shr.1  I'll  scaud  a  'antle  o'  'ops  an' 
bind  it  to  the  mar's  leg — it'll  bring  the  swellin'  down. 

2.  Fig.   A  tussle,  hand  to  hand  fight ;  a  scuffle  ;  as  much 
as  one  can  manage. 

s.Stf.  Yo'n  find  yo'n  got  a  hontle  wi'him  when  he's  growed  up, 
PINNOCK  Blk.  Cy.  Ann.  (1895).  Der.  You'd  a  sore  hantle  wi'  him 
bytimes  an  all  tales  be  true,  VERNEY  Stone  Edge  (1868)  xviii.  Lei.1 
'  Ah  cain't  tell  ye  what  a  hantle  ah  hed  wi'  him  : '  said  a  woman 
of  a  violent  old  man,  disordered  in  mind.  Nhp.2,  War.3 

3.  A  large  quantity  or  amount ;   a  great  deal.     Freq. 
used  in  //.    Also  used  attrib. 

Sc.  Ye'll  be  a  hantle  better  by  it,  STEVENSON  Catriona  (1893) 
xiv;  There's  a  hantle  bogles  about  it,  SCOTT  Guy  M.  (1815)  i.  Sh.I. 
A  bed,  ta  luek  daecent,  needs  a  hantle  o'  attention,  CLARK  Gleams 
(1898)  19.  Bnff.  Hantels  o'  folk  dinna  get  that,  GORDON  Chron. 
Keith  (1880)  321.  ne.Sc.  He  didna  wee!  understand  hantles  o' 
oor  words,  GRANT  Keckleton,  97.  e.Sc.  Man,  ye're  a  hantle  waur 
yoursel',  SETOUN  Sunshine  (1895)  226.  Bch.  He  makes  a  hantle 
rout  an'  din,  But  brings  but  little  woo',  FORBES  Ulysses  (1785)  35. 
nw.Abd.  A  hantle  widna  min'  the  leyk  o'  his  [us],  Goodwife  (1867) 
St.  43.  Kcd.  Forks  an'  futtles  were  to  hantles  Leems  nae  handlet 
ilka  day,  GRANT  Lays  (1884)  72.  Frf.  I  would  a  hantle  rather 
waur  my  money  on  Elspeth,  BARRIE  Tommy  (1896)  223.  Per. 
That  says  a  hantle  About  a  licht  heart  in  a  sorrow-proof  mantle, 
STEWART  Character  (1857)  71.  Fif.  I'm  gaun  back  to't  a  hantle 
sicht  puirer  than  I  left  it,  MELDRUM  Margredcl  (1894)  231.  e.Fif. 
She  had  a  mind  o'  her  aiu  aboot  a  hantle  o'  things,  LATTO  Tarn 
Bodkin  (1864)  viii.  Dmb.  If  I  hadna  better  reasons  a  hantle  to 
gar  me  steer  my  feathers,  CROSS  Disruption  (1844)  ii.  Ayr.  A 
hantle  o'  ither  courtly  glammer  that's  no  worth  a  repetition,  GALT 
Provost  (1822)  vii;  (J.M.)  Lnk.  Hantles  wha  tipple  do  miscarry, 
WATT  Poems  (1827)  51.  e.Lth.  We'll  be  a  hantle  better  off  nor 
them,  HUNTER  /.  Inwick  (1895)  172.  Edb.  A  hantle  graces  roun' 
her  lip  Sat  sweet  as  dew  on  lily's  dreep,  LEARMONT  Poems  (1791) 
27.  Slk.  A  hantle  better  nor  onything  ye'll  say  the  nicht,  CHR. 
NORTH  Nodes  (ed.  1856)  III.  35.  Rxb.  Mischanters  I  hae  met  a 
hantle,  A.  SCOTT  Poems  (ed.  1808)  46.  Gall.  Possest  wi'  a  hantle 
o'  jaw,  LAUDERDALE  Poems  (1796)  74.  Kcb.  I've  a  weel-stockit 
hame  o'  my  ain,  Wi'  horses  an'  kye,  an'  a  hantle  o'  siller,  ARM- 
STRONG Ingleside  (1890)  150.  Ir.  The  hantle  of  money  them 
dhrainin'  works  come  to  is  untould,  BARLOW  Kerrigan  (1894)  113. 
N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Aa've  getten  a  hantle  o'  caud.  Fishermen's  creels 
are  aye  a  hantle  bigger  wi'  thinkin  o'  them  (R.O.H.);  Nhb.1 
Cnm.  Still  ha'e  a  hantel  left  yet,  ANDERSON  Ballads  (1805)  94,  ed. 
1815;  Cum.3  A  hantle  o'  ye  hae  turn't  oot  to  be  deuks,  181  ; 
Cum.4  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  A  hantle  o' money.  m.Yks.1 

Hence  Antling,  sb.  with  neg.  not  any  amount  (of  know- 
ledge), no  inkling. 

Lin.  Rare  (E.P.).  n.Lin.1  I  ha'nt  noa  antlin'  wheare  he  is  noo, 
bud  he  did  tell  me  his  wife  ewsed  him  that  bad  he  should  slot  off 
to  "Merikay. 

[1.  Hand '+  -tie  (suff.) ;  this  is  a  common  suff.  in  the 
Chs.  and  Shr.  dials. ;  cp.  apperntle.  It  is  prob.  an  equiv. 
of-ful;  see  s.Chs.1  (gram.  57)  and  Shr.1  (gram,  xliii).] 

HANTRIN,  see  Hanterin. 

HANTS,  adj.  Wil.  Used  in  comb,  with  sheep  and 
horses ;  see  below. 

They  were  called  with  them  hants  sheep ;  they  were  a  sort 
of  sheep  that  never  shelled  their  teeth,  but  always  had  their  lambs- 
teeth  without  shedding  them,  and  thrusting  out  two  broader  in 
their  room  every  year.  .  .  There  were  such  a  sort  of  horses  called 
hants  horses,  that  always  shewed  themselves  to  be  six  years  old, 
LISLE  Husbandry  (1757)  360,  361 ;  Wil.1 

HANTY,  «rf/.     Obs.    Sc.    Also  in  form  haunty  Abd. 

1.  Convenient,  handy. 

Abd.  SHIRREFS  Poems  (1890)  Gl.  Rnf.  Thou  wast  the  hantiest 
biel,  in  truth,  That  e'er  I  saw,  PICKEN  Poems  (1788)  180  (JAM.). 
Lnk.  RAMSAY  Gentle  Shep.  (1725)  Gl.,  Scenary  ed. 

2.  Not  troublesome,  often  applied  to  a  beast. 

Sc.  (JAM.)  Rnf.  '  Hanty,'  manageable  with  ease,  PICKEN  Poems 
(1788)  Gl. 

3.  Handsome. 

Sc.  Lizie  they  think  far  mair  hanty,  GALLOWAY  Poems  (1788) 
214  (JAM.).  Abd.  SHIRREFS  Poems  (1890)  Gl.  Lnk.  RAMSAY  Gentle 
Shep.  (1725)  Gl.,  Scenary  ed. 

HANVAYGE,  v.     Sh.I.    To  look  or  wait  about  for. 

We  hanvayged  aboot  fir  maistlins  an  ooer,  bit  never  saw  da  bow 
again,  SPENCE  Flk-Lore  (1899)  248. 

HANYADU,  int.  Sh.I.  A  call  to  a  bird  to  come  and 
pick  up  food  thrown  to  it  from  a  boat.  S.  &  Ork.1 

HANYEL,  HAOLEGHEY,  see  Hanniel,  Holghe. 

HAP,  v.1,  sb.1  and  adv.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and 
Eng.  [h)ap,  asp.]  1.  v.  To  happen,  chance,  befall. 

Abd.  May  sic  like  hap  to  Uncle  Tarn,  ANDERSON  Rhymes  (1867) 
62.  Frf.  Wyle  well  for  gin  ye  hap  to  rue,  What  can  be  worse  ? 
MORISON  Poems  (1790)  81.  Fif.  If  unaware  you  hap  to  lose  your 
body's  well-adjusted  poise,  TENNANT  Anster  (1812)  71,  cd.  1871. 
Rnf.  Hap  what  micht,  'Twad  aiblins  mak'  a  fen',  YOUNG  Pictures 
(1865)  10.  Ayr.  Erch  lest  the  gentle  fouk  should  hap  To  hear  or 
see,  FISHER  Poems  (1790)  68.  Lnk.  They  .  .  .  spak'o'  deaths  that 
late  had  been,  An'  some  wad  maybe  hap  bedeen,  MURDOCH  Doric 
Lyre  (1873)  9.  Edb.  How  haps  it,  say,  that  mealy  bakers  .  .  . 
Shou'd  a"  get  leave?  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  174,  ed.  1785. 
Nhb.1  Aa'll  be  there  o'  Monday  as  it  haps.  n.Yks.1  Hap  what  hap 
may;  n.Yks.4  If  nowt  s'u'd  hap  ti  stop  ma,  Ah  s'  cum.  e.Yks.1 
Happen,  pp.  of  to  hap.  n.Lin.1  If  it  haps  to  raain  I  shan't  goa. 
Ken.  How  haps  you  don't  know  ?  (G.B.) ;  Ken.1  Soin.  Not  knowing 
anything  at  all  o'  what  had  happed,  RAYMOND  Men  o'  Mendip 
(1898)  vii.  w.Som.1  Cor.  It  canna  be  ondone  what  ha'  happ'd, 
BARING-GOULD  Curgenven  (1893)  xxi. 

2.  With  on  or  upon  :  to  come  upon  by  chance,  light  on  ; 
to  meet  with. 

e.Yks.  Black  Morris  .  .  .  managed  to  hap  on  Lucy  Blyth,  WRAY 
Nestleton  (1876)  54.  Chs.1  If  yo're  goin  to  th'  fair  may  be  yo'n 
hap  on  our  Jim,  for  he's  gone  an  hour  sin.  Sur.  ./V.  &  Q.  (1874) 
5th  S.  i.  517  ;  Sur.1  Maybe  you'll  hap  upon  him  in  the  wood. 
w.Som.1  By  good  luck  I  hap  'pon  the  very  man.  Very  common. 
Cor.  I  happed  once  on  a  manuscript  account  book  of  a  white  witch 
or  charmer,  QuiLLER-CoucH  Hist.  Polperro  (1871)  148. 

3.  sb.    Chance,  fortune,  fate  ;  luck  ;  esp.  in  phr.  by)  good, 
great,  &°c.,  hap,  by  good  luck. 

Sc.  Better  hap  at  court  than  good  service,  RAMSAY  Prov.  ( 1 737)  ; 
Hanging  gangs  by  hap,  FERGUSON  Prov.  (1641)  14.  Per.  I  wish 
naething  but  good  betide,  Or  be  your  hap,  NicoLPo^ms(i766)5g. 
Fif.  Guid  hap,  their  dinner  then  was  laid  Upon  the  tables  lang  and 
braid,  Wi'  damask  napery  owrspread,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  99. 
Gall.  Yet  it  was  far  out  of  my  hap  to  help  it,  CROCKETT  Moss-Hags 
(1895)  xvii.  Wxf.1  n.Yks.1  In  Clevel.  the  word  is  usually 
qualified,  as  in  '  ill  hap,'  '  strange  hap '  ;  but  we  also  say  '  by  what 
hap,' or  the  like  ;  n.Yks.2  Lan.  DA\iEsRaces(  1856)  233.  ne.Lan.1 
Sur.  Apropos  of  the  happy  stoppage  of  the  fire  on  a  common,  a 
woman  said,  'You  know,  Sir,  luck  is  God's  hap,'  N.  d^  Q.  (1880) 
6th  S.  i.  239.  w.Som.1  By  good  hap  we  jis  meet'n  eens  he  was  a 
comin  out.  n.Dev.  And  nif  by  gurt  hap  tha  dest  zey  mun  at  oil, 
Exm.  Scold.  (1746)  1.  267. 




4.  An  event,  occurrence,  esp.  an  ill  event,  a  misfortune, 
accident.    Also  in  form  hapnient 

Lnk.  Belyve  the  lang-legged  Tailor  chap  Cam"  canny  back  to 
learn  the  hap,  MURDOCH  Doric  Lyre  (1873)  30.  m.Yks.1  Hapment. 
n.Lin.'  A  sore  hap.  [But  mark  the  hap  !  a  cow  came  by  And  up 
the  thistle  eat,  HALUWELL  Rhymes  (1842)  47,  ed.  1886.] 
6.  Comp.  (i)  Hap-luck,  chance,  gen.  used  advb.  hap- 
hazard, without  premeditation ;  (2)  -stumble,  a  chance 

(i)  Nhp.1;  Nhp.2  He  did  it  hap-luck.     (2)  Sc.  Such  hap-stumble 
as  this  into  pure  nonsense,  PITCAIRN  Assembly  (1766)  v. 
6.  adv.    Perhaps,  perchance.    Cf.  haps. 

Lan.  DAVIES  Races  (1856)  233.  Ess.  (S.P.H.),  Ken.  (W.F.S.) 
Snr.  N.  &  Q.  (1874)  5th  S.  i.  517  ;  Sur.i,  Sus.  (S.P.H.),  Sns.1 

HAP,  v*  and  sb.x  In  gen.  dial,  use  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  n. 
counties  to  Der.  Not.  Lin. ;  also  Nhp.  e.An.  Also  written 
happ  Wm.  w.Yks.4;  happe  N.Cy.2;  and  in  forms  ap 
n.Yks.  Lin.1  sw.Lin.1;  haup  Rxb. ;  heap  Lin.  [h)ap.] 
L  v.  To  cover,  enwrap  ;  to  envelop,  surround  ;  also  with 
up,  in. 

Per. The  snawso' time  May  hap  your  forehead  high,  HALIBURTON 
Ochil  Idylls  (1891)  127.  Lnk.  The  mists  that  had  happit  the  nicht 
Row'd  up  frae  the  glens,  HAMILTON  Poems  (1865)  23.  Slk.  She 
lay  her  lane  All  happed  with  flowers,  HOGG  Poems  (ed.  1865)  35. 
Dmf.  Wi'  some  sweet  lass  beside  ye,  when  the  gloamin'  haps  the 
glen,  REID  Poems  (1894)  6.  Cum.  T'poor  sheep  In  t'snowdrifts 
war  hapt  up,  RICHARDSON  Talk  (1871)  131,  ed.  1876.  Wm.  Sno' 
that  haps  the  frozen  poles,  WHITEHEAD  Leg.  (1859)  8.  n.Yks.2 
All  white  and  happ'd  up;  snowed  over.  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  n-Lin.1 
It  was  hapt  'e  a  peSce  o'  broon  paaper. 

2.  To  cover  up  for  the  sake  of  warmth ;  to  wrap ;  to 
tuck  up  in  bed  ;  also  with  down,  in,  up. 

Sc.  I  took  my  cloak  to  her  and  sought  to  hap  her  in  the  same, 
STEVENSON  Catriona  (1893)  xxiii.  Sh.I.  Her  dimity  coat,  an'  her 
pepper  an'  saut  mantle,  wid  hap  ye  weel,  STEWART  Tales  (1892) 
33.  ne.Sc.  Littlens  wull  tak'  caulds,  herd  an'  hap  them  hoo  ye 
like,  GRANT  Keckleton,  95.  Cai.1  Bnff.  His  head  an'  hands  he 
mamma  hap.  For  fear  a  beagle  should  him  slap,  TAYLOR  Poems 
(1787)  35.  Bch.  I  hae  .  .  .  gloves  likewise,  to  hap  the  hand  Of 
fremt  an'  sib,  FORBES  Shop  Bill  (1785)  13.  Abd.  Hap  it  weel  wi' 
strae  an'  keep  awa'  the  caul  (W.  M.).  Kcd.  His  ridin'  coat  Happin' 
half  the  buckskin  breeches,  GRANT  Lays  (1884)  81.  Frf.  Watch 
ower  your  little  sister  by  day  and  hap  her  by  night,  BARRIE  Tommy 
(1896)  117.  Per.  Mistress  Hoo  'ill  hap  ye  round,  for  we  maunna 
let  ye  come  tae  ony  ill  the  first  day  ye'r  oot,  IAN  MACLAREN  Brier 
Bush  (1895)  167.  Fif.  Hose  an'  shoon,  an'  sarks  an'  coats  To  hap, 
an'  keep  them  hale,  DOUGLAS  Poems  (1806)  41.  s.Sc.  Hap  her 
white  breast  wi'  my  little  wee  wing,  WATSON  Bards  (1859)  13. 
Rnf.  His  head  aneath  the  claes  he  haps,  PICKEN  Poems  (1813)  I. 
120.  Ayr.  The  worthy  man  happing  us  with  his  plaid,  we  soon 
fell  asleep,  GALT  Gilhaize  (1823)  xxvi.  Lnk.  Nae  lordly  ermine 
his  shouthers  may  hap,  LEMON  St.  Mungo  (1844)  82.  Edb.  Our 
wife  handed  us  out  a  pair  of  blankets  to  hap  round  me,  MOIR 
Mansie  Wauch  (1828)  xiii.  Rxb.  While  ae  auld  blanket  Can  hap 
us  baith,  RUICKBIE  Wayside  Cottager  (1807)  175.  Dmf.  Here's  a 
dud  to  hap  its  head,  CROMEK  Remains  (1810)  30.  Gall.  Then  we 
happed  him  up,  CROCKETT  Moss-Hags  (1895)  vii.  Wgt.  A  happit 
up  the  prawtas  wi'  strae,  FRASER  Wigtown  (1877)  364.  N.I. 
(M.B.-S.);  W.  (f  Q.  (1873)  4th  S.  vii.  480;  N.I.1  Vis.  Uls.  Jrn. 
Arch.  (1658)  VI.  361.  s.Don.  SIMMONS  Gl.  (1890).  n.Cy.  GROSE 
(1790) ;  N.Cy.12  Nhb.  There  !  Thoo's  wee!  happed  up,  and  reel 
too,  it's  vara  caud,  CLARE  LoveofLass  (1890)  II.  127.  Dnr.  It  will 
be  very  cold,  mind  hapy'rself  up  well  (A.B.) ;  Dur.1  s.Dtir.  Mind 
ye  hap  him  in  well  (J.E.  D.).  Cum.  She  happ'd  her  up,  Aw  wished 
her  weel,  ANDERSON  Ballads  (ed.  1808)  14  ;  Cnm.1  She  hap't  o' 
t'barns  at  bed  time.  Wm.  (C.W.D.)  ;  Thick  leather  jerkins  hap'd 
their  sides,  WHITEHEAD  Lyvennet(  1859)  4.  s.Wm.  (J.A.B.)  n.Yks. 
They  pulled  some  more  ling  to  hap  themselves  withal,  ATKINSON 
Maori.  Parish  (1891)  381 ;  n.Yks.128;  n.Yks.4  Nooyamun  hap  up 
well.  It's  a  cau'd  neet.  ne.Yks.1  Thoo  mun  hap  thysen  weel  ; 
it's  varry  cau'd.  e.Yks.i,  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  (F.M.L.)  ;  His  mother 
happed  him  up  i'  two  blankets  (S.P.U.);  w.Yks.1234;  w.Yks.5 
Am  weel  hap'd  up,  ah  sal  tak  no  harm  a'  t'outside,  whatiwer  ah 
chonce  in.  Lan.  (S.W.) ;  The  old  fellow  stopped  now  and  then  to 
hap  her  up  and  see  if  she  wanted  anything,  WAUGH  Chim.  Corner 
(1874)  80,  ed.  1879 ;  Lan.1,  nXan.1,  ne.Lan.1  Chs.1  Put  him  to  bed, 
and  put  plenty  of  hillin  on  him,  an  hap  him  up  warm.  Der.1, 
nw.Der.1  Not  It's  very  cold,  but  she's  well  happed  up  (L.C.M.) ; 
(J.H.B.)  sJlot.  Hap  the  child  up  well  from  the  co'd  (J.P.K.). 
Lin.  Hap  him  up  wi'  does  (J.C.W.) ;  They're  all  happed  up  warm 

in  their  roons,  FENN  Dick  o'  the  Fens  (1888)  iii.  n.Lin.  'At's 
obligated  to  hap  itsen  doon  as  soon  as  coud  weather  sets  in, 
PEACOCK  Taales  (1890)  2nd  S.  59  ;  n-Lln.1  s.Lin.  She's  happing 
the  young  chickens  up  as  carefully  as  she  would  her  own  babby 
(T.H.R.).  sw.Lin.1  Nhp.  His  universal  care  Who  hapt  thee  down, 
CLARE  Village  Minst.  (1821)  II.  206;  Nhp.1  Only  adopted  in  the 
Northern  part  of  the  county.  e.An.1  Nrf.  HOLLOWAY. 

Hence  (i)  Happed  or  Happit,  ppl.  adj.  covered,  wrapt 
up,  furnished  with  wrappings  or  clothes ;  if)  Happing, 
so.  a  covering,  wrapping,  a  coverlet ;  pi.  clothes,  esp.  bed- 
clothes ;  (3)  Happing-kist,  sb.  a  linen-chest ;  (4)  -sheets, 
sb.  pi.  bed-coverings. 

(i)  Sc.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (C.)  Abd.  Scantily  happet,  Bell 
Skene  wi'  her  twa  bairnies  lay,  ANDERSON  Rhymes  (1867)  143. 
Frf.  His  backie  ill  happit,  an's  feetie  ill  shod,  WATT  Poet.  Sketches 
(1880)  15.  Per.  A  wee  auld  man,  warm-happit  in  a  cloak,  STEWART 
Character  (1857)  181.  Lnk.  Beds  weel  happit,  sheets  like  snaw, 
NICHOLSON  Kilwuddie  (ed.  1895)  87.  Dmf.  Bonny  wee  bairns,  a' 
weel  happ'd  and  fu',  SHENNAN  Tales  (1831)  155.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl. 
(Coll.  L.L.B.)  w.Yks.  Weel  hapt  up  abaht  t'neck,  BANKS  Wkfld. 
Wds.  (1865).  (2)  Sc.  And  ye'll  mak'  a  bed  o'  green  rashes,  Likewise 
a  happing  of  gray,  AYTOUN  Ballads  (ed.  1861)  I.  282.  e.Sc.  On  a 
sharp  frosty  morning  .  . .  thatch  roofs  have  a  look  of  cosiness  and 
warmth,  hanging  over  the  houses  like  a  thick  winter  happing 
fringed  at  the  eaves,  SETOUN  R.  Urquhart (1896)  ii.  Rnf.  An'  cozie 
the  happin  o'  the  farmer's  bed,  THOM  Rhymes  (1844)  72.  Ayr. 
My  gray  plaid,  my  cauld  winter's  warm  happin',  BOSWELL  Poet. 
Whs.  (1801)  21,  ed.  1871.  Edb.  Throwing  awa  siller  on  your 
nick-nack  feckless  happins,  BALLANTINE  Gaberlunzie  (ed.  1875)  23. 
Gall.  A  twig  o'  hazel's  a'  her  happin',  To  hatch  her  young, 
NICHOLSON  Poet.  Wks.  (1814)  96,  ed.  1897.  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1,  Dnr.1, 
s.Dur.  (J.E.D.)  Cum.  T'fella  at  pool  t'happin  off,  SARGISSON  Joe 
Scoap  (18811  155  ;  A  happin  tied  on  t'topon't,  Willy  Wattle  (1870) 
3 ;  Cum.1  Wm.  Three  par  a  blankets  an  twoa  happins,  WHEELER 
Dial.  (1790)62;  (A.C.)  s.Wm.(J.A.B.),n.Yks.124  ne.Yks.1  A'e 
ya  happins  eneeaf?  e.Yks.  Bed  appin  (Miss  A.) ;  e.Yks.1  m.Yks.1 
Bed-happing.  w.Yks.  We've  na  happin  on  t'bed  (J.T.F.) ;  (J.T.)  ; 
w.Yks.1 ;  w.Yks.5  Ah've  nivver  hed  haaf happing  eniff this  winter. 
ne.Lan.1  s.Not.  It's  co'd  abed  now  for  them  as  'asn't  plenty  o' 
happins  (J.P.K.).  Lin.  BROOKES  Tracts  Gl.  ;  Lin.1  The  nights 
being  cold  we  require  more  appin.  nXin.1  I've  knawn  farm 
hooses,  a  many,  wheare  sarvant  chaps  hed  niver  enif  happin'  o' 
the'r  beds.  s.Lin.  See  that  he's  plenty  happing  ower  him  :  it's 
frelzin'  co'd  (T.H.R.).  Nhp.1,  e.An.1  (3)  n.Yks.2  A  large  chest 
for  linen,  seen  hereabouts  in  old  family  houses.  Some  are 
pannelled  and  carved  ;  and  in  raised  figures  bear  dates  within  the 
i7th  century.  (4)  ib. 

3.  To  clothe,  dress  ;  also  with  up. 

Frf.  She  was  naturally  a  bonny  bit  kimmer  rather  than  happit 
up  to  the  nines,  BARRIE  Minister  (1891)  vi.  Per.  I'll  hap  ye  an' 
fend  ye,  an'  busk  ye,  an'  tend  ye,  FORD  Harp  (1893)  164.  Fif.  I 
sail  hae  you  happit  well,  DOUGLAS  Poems  (1806)  84.  Lnk.  Lasses 
a'  weel  hapt  wi'  druggit,  NICHOLSON  Kilwuddie  (ed.  1895)  26. 
Rxb.  Paper,  In  wliilk  my  muse  here  boots  to  haup  her,  A.  SCOTT 
Poems  (ed.  1808)  17.  n.Yks.23,  w.Yks.  (J.T.) 

4.  Comp.  (i)  Hap-gear,  clothing  of  all  sorts;  (2)  -harlot, 
a  coarse  coverlet ;  (3)  -warm,  a  warm,  substantial  cover- 
ing or  article  of  dress  ;  also  used  at/rib. 

(i)  n.Yks.2  (2)  N.Cy.1  A  servant's  coverlet.  e.An.1  (3)  ne.Sc. 
The  tailor  .  .  .  plied  his  needle  and  thread  .  . .  till  the  webs  had 
become  hapwarms  fit  to  defend  the  coldest  blast,  GREGOR  Fit-Lore 
(1881)58.  Bnff.1  That  quyte  o' yours  is  a  gueede  hap-warm.  Edb. 
Ye'll  bring  up  after  us,  your  master's  trotcozy  an'  liapwarm, 
BALLANTINE  Gaberluneie  (ed.  1875)  328.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll. 

5.  To  cover  over ;  to  bury,  cover  with  earth  ;  to  cover 
with  earth  or  straw  as  a  protection  from  cold  or  wet,  to 
thatch  ;  also  with  down,  in,  over,  up. 

Sc.  And  my  luve's  briest  is  happit  'Neath  cauld  drifts  o'  snaw, 
Ballads  (1885)  65.  Elg.  The  carle  sees  the  last  ruck-head  Hapt  in 
baith  saif  and  braw,  COUPER  Poetry  (1804)  I.  188.  e.Sc.  Better  be 
happed  with  the  eternal  silence  of  the  hills  than  drowned  in  the 
din  of  the  streets,  SETOUN  R.  Urquhart  (1896)  i.  Abd.  Stacks  wi' 
thack  an'  rape  war  happit  licht,  Guidman  Inglismaill  (1873)  27. 
Per.  My  babe  sleeps  in  yon  kirkyard  Happed  owre  wi'  clammy 
clay,  SPENCE  Poems  (1898)  48.  e.Fif.  The  solace  o'  my  gran- 
faither's  solitary  oors,  after  he  had  happit  my  grannie  i'  the  mools, 
LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  ( 1864)  xi.  Dmb.  Our  wee  hoose,  new  happit, 
brushed  and  clean,  SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  37.  Rnf.  The  cauld 
clay  haps  the  Rose  of  Elderslie,  FRASER  Chimes  (1853)  82.  Ayr. 




It  wasna  till  they  had  gotten  them  a'  safely  hame  and  the  hole 
happit  up,  that  they  really  kent  what  they  had,  SERVICE  Noiandums 
(1890)  67.  Lnk.  To-day  auld  Wullie  Gaw  has  been  happing  some- 
body up,  FRASER  Whaiips  (1895)  i.  Lth.  Green's  the  sod  that 
haps  the  grave  O'  mony  a  Cannygoshan !  SMITH  Merry  Bridal 
(1866)  38.  Slk.  I  digged  a  grave,  and  laid  him  in,  And  happ'd 
him  with  the  sod  sae  green,  BORLAND  Yarrow  (1890)  54.  Rxb. 
Ance  I'm  happit  wi'  the  truff  I  ken  I'll  need  nae  mair,  WILSON 
Poems  (1824)  ai.  Dmf.  Tae  me  wad  been  doubly  kin'  .  .  .  Had 
he  me  happ'd  some  dyke  behin'  There  tae  remain,  QUINN  Heather 
(1863)  74.  Nhb.  Gae  hap  him  up  i'  his  lang  hame  Sin'  Billie's 
dead,  DONALDSON  Poems  (1809)  6a-  Cum.  He's  been  happed  up 
many  a  long  year  (J.Ar.).  n.Yks.  They've  gitten  t'muck  an'  taties 
all  hapt  nicely  in  (W.H.);  n.Yks.1  To  cover,  by  placing  straw  and 
earth  over  potatoes,  earth  over  the  dead,  and  the  like.  'All's 
dune,  now:  thou  mun  hap  him  oop.'  To  a  sexton  after  the  grave- 
service  was  completed  ;  n.Yks.2  '  I  should  like  to  see  thee  happ'd 
up,'  an  ill  wish — to  see  you  in  your  grave  ;  n.Yks.4  Ah've  just 
happ'd  Willie's  grave  up.  ne.Yks.1  Then  you've  gitten  poor  au'd 
Willie  happed  up  at  last.  e.Yks.  To  cover  ;  as  the  seed  with  soil, 
MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788) ;  e.Yks.1  We  happ'd  awd  woman  up 
quite  comfortably  I  chetch-yard,  last  Monday.  Der.2  '  He's  now't 
good  for  till  he's  happed  up,'  said  of  a  miserly  churl.  nw.Der.1 
Not.3  Well  happed  down,  well  covered  in.  s.Not.  Ah  just  'apped 
the  taters  up  wi'  a  little  earth  (J.P.K.).  Lin.1  It  will  not  be  long 
before  you'll  have  her  to  hap  up.  n.Lin.  I  wasn't  goin'  to  hev  him 
happ'd  awaay  i'  a  parish  coffin,  PEACOCK  Taales  (1890)  and  S.  56 ; 
n.Lin.1  Noo  then,  get  them  taa ties  happed  doon,  it'll  freeze  to-neet  like 
smack.  sw.Lin.1  They  happed  the  stack  up.  Our  potatoes  are 
well  apped  up.  So  you've  happed  poor  old  Charley  up.  Nhp. 
When  I,  Hapt  in  the  cold  dark  grave,  Can  heed  it  not,  CLARE 
Village  Minst.  (1821)  I.  173. 

Hence  (i)  Happing,  sb.  thatch,  straw  or  earth  used  as  a 
covering  ;  (2)  Happing-up,  sb.  a  burial. 

(i)  n.Lin.1  Covering,  such  as ...  earth  on  a  potatoe  pie.  sw.Lin.1 
We're  short  of  happing,  to  hap  the  stacks  with,  (a)  Cum.  Coniston 
.  . .  was  obliged  to  send  all  its  deceased  to  Ulverston  for  interment, 
and  Christian  happing  up,  LINTON  Lake  Cy.  (1864)  265. 

6.  To  hide,  conceal,  cover  away,   to  '  hush  up ' ;   also 
intr.  to  hide  oneself. 

Sc.  Man,  doctor,  I  ha'e  happit  mony  a  faut  o'  yours,  an'  I  think 
ye  micht  thole  ane  o'  mine,  FORD  Thistledown  (1891)  98.  e.Sc. 
What  way  will  ye  seek  to  rake  up  what  I've  happit  awa  for  years? 
SETOUN  R.  Urquhart  (1896)  xxvii.  Ayr.  Ye  maun  be  cowards, 
whan  ye  hap  By  dykebacks,  sheughs,  and  ditches,  Ballads  and 
Sngs.  (1847)  II.  113.  n.Yks.2  'They  got  it  happed  up,'  the  matter 
was  silenced  ;  n.Yks.4  Let's  hap  t'job  up  noo  an'  saay  neea  mair 
aboot  it.  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  n.Lin.1  Thaay  maay  try  as  thaay  like 
ther's  noa  happin'  a  thing  o'  that  soort  up  e'  thease  daays. 

7.  To  shelter,  shield,  protect. 

Sc.  The  moonlight,  they  say,  is  no  just  canny  .  .  .  and  ye  should 
be  happit  and  sained  from  its  influence,  COBBAN  Andaman  (1895) 
xxiv.  Bch.  Syne  slouch  behind  my  doughty  targe,  That  yon  day  your 
head  happit,  FORBES  Ajax(i^^)  9.  Kcd.  Myauldbiggin',Thatmony 
year  has  happed  me  Up  to  the  very  riggin',  JAMIE  Muse  (1844) 
32.  Frf.  Dear  cottie  ye  cou'd  tell .  .  .  How  many  ills  on  me  befel, 
When  ye  did  hap  my  taily,  Yon  rantin  night,  MORISON  Poems 
(1790)  85.  Per.  Wi'  Dives'  craps  to  ca'  oor  ain,  A'  hoosed  an' 
happit  frae  the  rain,  HALIBURTON  Ochil  Idylls  (1891)  29.  Ayr. 
Jamaica  bodies,  use  him  weel,  An'  hap  him  in  a  cozie  biel,  BURNS 
On  a  Sc.  Bard,  st.  9.  Edb.  They  scoug  frae  street  an'  field,  An' 
hap  them  in  a  lyther  bield,  FERGUSSON  Poems  U773)  I39,  ed-  !785- 

8.  To  smooth  down,  press  lightly  ;  to  pat  soil  with  the 
back  of  a  spade ;  in  salt-making  :  to  smooth  the  lump  salt. 

Lan.',Chs.13  nw.Der.iTo  press  slightly  the  soil  in  garden  beds 
with  a  spade  after  the  seeds  are  sown. 

Hence  Happer,  sb.  salt-making  term  :  a  small  wooden 
spade  or  paddle  used  to  smooth  lump  salt.  Chs.1 

9.  To  make  up  a  fire,  to  stack  or  heap  it  up  so  as  to 
keep  it  in. 

Sc.  It's  time  I  should  hap  up  the  wee  bit  gathering  turf,  as  the 
fire  is  ower  low,  SCOTT  Monastery  (1820)  iv  ;  I'll  maybe  find  the 
fire  black  out,  though  I  had  happit  it  so  as  to  last  the  whole  day, 
WHITEHEAD  Daft  Davie  (1876)  149,  ed.  1894.  Cum.4,  Yks.(J.W.) 

10.  sb.   A  covering  or  wrap  of  any  kind  ;  a  coverlet,  rug  ; 
a  thick  outer  garment,  dress,  clothing  ;  also  used  _/?§•. 

Sc.  Mak's  cosie  the  hap  o'  a  theekit  cot  bed,  ALLAN  Lilts  (1874) 
357.  Sh.I.  Shu  laid  aff  her  hap  an'  axd  for  a  drap  o'  mylk,  Sh. 
News  (May  14,  1898).  Abd.  The  hairst  was  ta'en  in,  and  the  rucks 
got  a  hap,  ANDERSON  Rhymes  (1867)  124.  Frf.  They  were  sair  in 

want  o'  a  puckle  needfu'  haps  in  the  day-time,  WILLOCK  Rosetty 
Ends  (1886)  25,  ed.  1889.  Per.  I  met  her  by  the  burnie's  flow, 
Aneath  the  hap  o'  e'enin',  EDWARDS  Strathearn  Lyrics  (1889)  43. 
Ayr.  I'd  be  mair  vauntie  o'  my  hap,  Douce  hingin'  owre  my  curple, 
BURNS  Answer  to  Verses  (1787)  st.  5.  Lnk.  The  plaided  hap  o' 
auld  warP  ways,  MURDOCH  Doric  Lyre  (1873)  8.  Lth.  [He]  wons 
upon  the  hill-tap,  In  peat-biggit  shieling  wi'  thin  theekit  hap, 
BALLANTINE  Poems  (1856)  98.  e.Lth.  Swathed  up  in  mufflers, 
mittens,  haps  and  hose,  MUCKLEBACKIT  Rhymes  (1885)  167.  Edb. 
Winter's  caulds,  baith  keen  and  snell,  Freeze  on  the  hap  o'er  muir 
an'  fell,  GLASS  Cal.  Parnassus  (1812)  40.  Kcb.  When  Criffel  wears 
a  hap,  Skiddaw  wots  well  o'  that,  SWAINSON  Weather.  Flk-Lore 
(1873)206.  N.I.1  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll.  L.L.B.);  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1 
'  Put  a  hap  on  the  bed,'  means  put  an  extra  covering  on  it.  Dur.1 
Cum.  A  hap  mear  or  less  is  nowt  in  our  house,  RIGBY  Midsummer 
to  Martinmas  (1891)  i.  Wm.  Have  you  put  plenty  of  hap  on? 
(B.K.)  n.Yks.1  '  Have  you  plenty  o'  haps?'  'Aye,  Ah's  tweea 
shawls  an'  mah  thick  cloak,  forby  t'roog ' ;  n.Yks.2  Rare  good 
haps;  n.Yks.4  m.Yks.1  They  may  manage  fora  bit  of  scran  [food], 
but  they've  scarcely  a  rag  of  hap.  w.Yks.1  Gimme  plenty  o'  hap. 
Lan.  To  doff  his  winter-hap,  WAUGH  Heather  (ed.  Milner)  II.  26  ; 
Thae's  a  terrible  lot  o'  hap  abeawt  tho',  ib.  Snowed-up,  ii.  ne.Lan.1 
Der.  'Ha'  ye  got  plenty  o'  haps?'..'  Tis  main  cold,'  VERNEY  Stone 
Edge  (1868)  xxv. 

11.  A  heavy  fall  of  snow. 

n.Yks.  [He]  would  be  matched  to  get  home  again;  for  it  was  safe 
there  was  going  to  be  a 'hap,'  ATKINSON  Maori.  Parish  (1891)  349. 

[1.  The  peaple  sawe  thame  [the  opinions]  happit  al, 
and  coloured  with  fair  wourdes,  DALRYMPLE  Leslie's  Hist. 
Scotl.  (1596)  II.  466.  2.  I  pray  be  Marie  nappe  hym 
warme,  York  Plays  (c.  1400)  144.] 

HAP,  v.3  and  int.  Sc.  Irel.  Lei.  Dev.  Also  in  forms 
haap  Sc.  Lei.1 ;  haape  n.Dev. ;  hape  Frf. ;  haup  Sc. 
(JAM.)  [h)ap,  h)ep.]  1.  v.  Of  horses  or  yoke-cattle  :  to 
turn  to  the  right  away  from  the  driver. 

Sc.  STEPHENS  Farm  Bk.  (ed.  1849)  I.  160  ;  It  is  opposed  to 
wynd,  which  signifies  to  turn  to  the  left  or  towards  the  driver  (JAM.). 

2.  Phr.  (i)  to  hap  or  wynd,  (a)  to  make  draught  cattle 
turn  to  the  right  or  left ;  (b)  to  turn  one  way  or  another 
at  another's  will,  to  be  tractable  ;  (2)  haup  weel,  rake  weel, 
try  every  way,  rather  than  be  disappointed. 

(i,  a)  Abd.  But  he  could  make  them  turn  or  veer,  And  hap  or 
wynd  them  by  the  ear,  MESTON  Poet.  Wks.  (1723)  16.  (b)  Frf. 
How  bless'd  is  he  that  to  his  mind  Has  got  a  wifie .  .  .  That  to  his 
wish  will  hape  or  winde,  Soothing  each  care,  MORISON  Poems 
(1790)  79.  s.Sc.  Ye'll  neither  hap  nor  wyn— neither  dance  nor 
haud  the  caunle,  WILSON  7'ales  (1839)  V.  234  ;  We  say  of  a 
stubborn  person  :  '  He  will  neither  haup  nor  wynd  '  (JAM.).  (2) 
Fif.  A  phr.  borrowed  from  ploughing.  The  lit.  meaning  is:  If  the 
horse  will  not  go  to  the  right  hand,  let  him  take  the  opposite 
direction  (ib.). 

3.  To  stop,  keep  back  ;  to  check,  balk. 

Dev.  A  farmer,  speaking  of  some  encroaching  neighbours,  said, 
'They'd  have  it  all,  nif  did'n  hape  'em  a  bit,'  Repotts  Provinc.  (1889). 
n.Dev.  Horae  Subsecivae  (1777)  197;  Nif  vauther  dedn't  ha-ape  tha, 
Exm.  Scold.  (1746)  1.  51. 

4.  int.   A  call  to  a  horse  to  turn  to  the  right ;  also  with 
off, up. 

Sc.  (JAM.)  ;  MORTON  Cycle.  Agric.  (1863).  w.Sc.  '  Haup  up'  is 
only  applied  to  [cattle],  N.  &>  Q.  (1856)  2nd  S.  i.  439.  s.Sc. '  Hap, 
Bassie,  hap,' and  smacking  his  whip  the  horse  increased  his  speed, 
WILSON  Tales  (1839)  V.  13.  Ayr.  Just  gies  his  naigs  a  hap  or  gee, 
An'  canny  drives  around  it,  AINSLIE  Land  of  Bums  (ed.  1892)  217. 
Lnk.  By  their  answerin'  our  ca'— Hap,  wyne,  wo  back,  or  step 
awa',  WATSON  Poems  (1853)  25.  Bwk.  Monthly  Mag.  (1814)  I. 
31.  N.I.1 

5.  A  call  for  cows. 

Lei.1  When  I  wus  a  b'y  they'd  use  to  call  the  cows  with  a  'haap,' 
now  they  call  'em  wi'  a  '  hoop.' 

HAP,  v.*  Sc.  [hap.]  In  phr.  hap  weel,  w)rap  weel, 
come  of  it  what  will,  whatever  be  the  result,  hit  or  miss. 
Cf.  hap,  v?  2. 

Cai.1  Slk.  Whilk  makes  me  half  and  mair  afraid, . .  But  hap  weel, 
rap  weel,  I  will  send  it,  HOGG  Poems  (1801)  I.  91  (JAM.).  Rxb.  I 
carena,  I'll  do  it,  hap  weel,  rap  weel  (•&.).  Gall.  MACTAGGART 
Encycl.  (1824).  Kcb.  Hap  weel  an'  wrap  weel,  I'll  ax  her  ower 
hame,  ARMSTRONG  Ingleside  (1890)  219. 

HAP,  v.5  w.Yks.  [ap.]  1.  Of  animals  :  to  lap,  suck  up. 
(J.B.),  (J.W.)  2.  To  dry  or  mop  up  a  wet  place.  (J.W.) 

I  2 




HAP,  sb.a  Obs.  Sc.  Cum.  An  instrument  for  scraping 
up  sea-ooze  to  make  salt  with. 

Dmf.  His  first  care  is  to  collect  the  sleech  proper  for  his  purpose; 
this  he  effects  by  means  of  an  implement  named  a  hap,  a  kind  of 
sledge  drag  furnished  with  a  sharp  edge  at  that  part  which  touches 
the  ground,  and  drawn  by  a  single  horse,  Agric.  Surv.  527  GAM.). 
Cum.4  A  sledge-drag  or  scraper,  drawn  by  a  horse,  used  for  col- 
lecting the  surface-leech  on  the  salt-bed,  Solwoy,  44. 

HAP,  see  Hip,  sb.1,  Hop,  v?- 

HAPE,  sb.    Sc.    A  halfpenny. 

Lnk.  Dae  ye  want  the  Citeez  [Citizen]?  Evenin' or  Weekly?  It's 
only  a  hape,  NICHOLSON  Idylls  (1870)  106. 

HAPE,  see  Hap,  v.a,  Heap,  s*.1 

HAPLY,  adv.  Obs.  Chs.  Der.  Also  in  form  happely 
Chs.2  Perhaps.  Chs.13  Der.  GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (P.) 

[He  came,  if  haply  he  might  find  any  thing  thereon, 
BIBLE  Mark  xi.  13.] 

HAPP,  HAPPA,  see  Hap,  v.2,  Hap  ye. 

HAPPE,  v.  Obs.  n.Cy.  To  encourage  or  set  on 
a  dog.  GROSE  (1790). 

HAPPEN,  v.1  and  sb.1    Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  and  Eng. 

1.  v.   To  befall,  happen  to  ;  to  become  of.    Also  used 
in  pass. 

Slg.  Some  dreadful  dool  shall  happen  us,  TOWERS  Poems  (1885) 
56.  Edb.  The  fate  That  soon  will  happen  Kirk  or  State,  CRAWFORD 
Poems  (1798)  38.  Lth.  Has  anything  happened  Hootsman  ? 
LUMSDEN  Sheep-head  (1892)  311.  w.Yks.  If  owt  happens  me  tha 
mun  lewk  after  aar  Lizzie,  Spec.  Dial.  s.Not.  Ah've  bin  lookin 
for  th'  mester  i'  th'  shop.  What's  appened  im?  (J. P. K.)  Lei.1  A's 
'appcned  very  lucky  to  get  independent. 

2.  To  incur,  meet  with  (an  accident,  £c.) ;  to  have  any- 
thing occur  to  one  ;  occas.  with  of. 

e.Dur.1  He  happened  it  [it  happened  to  him!.  She  happened 
a  bad  accident.  n.Yks.  Ah  happen'd  a  accident  (T.S.") ;  n.Yks.1 
'  Puir  gell !  she's  happ'n'd  a  misfort'n  ; '  had,  or  going  to  have,  an 
illegitimate  child.  'Ah  seen  a  hare  liggin,  an'  Ah  happ'n'd  (t') 
misfort'n  te  knap't  o'  t'heead  ' ;  n.Yks.4  ne.Yks.1  Ah's  happen'd 
a  bad  accident.  w.Yks.  He'd  happened  t'accident  at  his  wark, 
Yksma».  Comic  Ann.  (1878)  42.  n.Lin.  Whativer's  matter  noo? 
Has  Jack  happen'd  owt  ?  PEACOCK  Tales(i  886^61 ;  n.Lin.1  He  happen'd 
an  accident  up  o'  Magin  Moor  ;  his  herse  flung  him  and  brok  two 
on  his  ribs.  sw.Lin.1  They've  never  happened  owt  yet.  They 
were  down  together,  but  they  happened  nothing.  Cmb.  He 
happened  of  an  accident  (W.W.S.).  Suf.  (C.L.F.) 

3.  With  of,  on,  in,  or  with :  to  come  upon  by  chance,  fall 
in  with,  light  upon. 

Per.  Ance  we  happen'd  on  a  stell,  High  up  amang  the  Ochils, 
HALIBURTON  Oc/iil  Idylls  ( 1891)  13.  Ayr.  Gif  that  ye  Coud  happen 
on  a  loving  wife.  She  might  a  comfort  to  ye  be,  FISHER  Poems 
(1790)  154.  Gall.  She  happen't  on  a  frien'To  help  her  in  the  time 
o'  need,  LAUDERDALE  Poems  (1796)  68.  n.Cy.  (J.W.),  ne.Lan.1 
s.Chs.1  Iv  yfi  aap-n-n  upun  aa'r  Joa'j,  tel  im  th'mes'tur)z  bin 
waan'tin  im  [If  y6  happen'n  upon  ahr  Geo'ge,  tell  him  th'  mester's 
bin  wantin  him].  Not.  I  happened  on  him  just  agen  the  miln 
(L.C.M.);  The  difficulty  of  happening  on  a  policeman,  PRIOR 
Rente  (1895)  61  ;  Not.1  Lin.1  nXin.1  I  happen'd  on  her  just  agean 
Bell-hoale.  sw.Lin.1  I  happened  on  him  last  market.  Rut.1  I 
thought  I'd  ask  the  doctor  to  call  in  next  door,  if  I  should  happen 
on  him  to-day  or  to-morrow.  Lei.1  Mhp.  The  restless  hogs  will 
happen  on  the  prize,  CLARE  Shep.  Calendar  (1837)  74  ;  Nhp.1  I 
couldn't  happen  on  him  no  where.  War.3,  Hnt.  (T.P.F.)  Nrf. 
I  used  to  go  up  the  road  and  happen  in  with  some  boys,  EMERSON 
Son  of  Fens  (1892)  18 ;  I  happened  with  him  at  mine  [at  my  house], 
COZENS-HARDY  Broad  Nrf.  (1893)  63  ;  I  had  just  happened  of  him 
up  a  tree  when  you  began  to  halloa,  HAGGARD  Col.  Quaritch  (1888) 
I.  xii.  Suf.  I  happened  o'  he  at  Ipsitch  (C.G.B.).  e.Snf.  I  hap- 
pened with  him  at  the  inn  (F.H.). 

4.  With  along:  to  come  by  chance,  to  arrive  unexpectedly. 
Sur.1     Sn».'  Master  Tumptops,   he's  a  man  as  you'll  notice 

mostly  happens- along  about  anyone's  dinner-time. 

5.  Phr.  to  happen  right,  to  agree  together, '  hit  it  off.' 
s.Not. '  How  did  you  get  on  with  him  ? '     '  Oh,  sometimes  we 

happened  right,  an'  sometimes  we  didn't'  (J.P.K.). 

6.  Comp.  (i)  Happen-chance,  a  matter  of  casual  occur- 
rence.   n.Yks.2 ;    (2)  -clash,  an  accidental  blow  or  fall. 
ib.  ;  (3)  -keease,  see  (i).    ib. 

7.  sb.    An  accident,  occurrence. 

w.Wor.  That  were  a  baddish  happen,  S.  BrAUCHAMp  N.  Hamilton 
(1875)  II.  133. 

HAPPEN,  v?  Som.  To  rattle,  make  a  cracking 
sound.  See  Happer. 

What  I  don't  like  about  coke  is  its  happening  on  al'  the  while 
when  you  first  put  it  on  (W.F.R.). 

HAPPEN,  s6.2  Ayr.  (JAM.)  The  path  trodden  by 
cattle,  esp.  on  high  grounds. 

HAPPENING,  sb.  and  ppl.  adj.     Sc.  Yks.    Also  Dev. 

1.  sb.   An  event,  occurrence. 

Gall.  I  could  not  find  it  in  my  heart  to  tell  him  of  the  happening, 
CROCKETT  Grey  Man  (1896)  189.  w.Yks.  I  could  take  more  plea- 
sure in  telling  such  young  doings  without  meaning...  nor  in  jumping 
out  into  the  quick  and  strong  flood  of  happenings  that  came  after, 
SNOWDEN  Web  of  Weaver  (1896)  17.  Dev.  Tidings  and  happenings 
new  and  old,  SALMON  Ballads  (1899)  6  ;  Before  the  final  coorious 
happening,  there  was  a  fire  in  a  croft  of  auld  Applebird's,  PHILL- 
POTTS  Bill  Vogwell  in  Blk.  and  White  (June  27,  1896)  824. 

2.  ppl.  adj.   Casual,  chance,  occasional. 

Per.  Mrs.  So  and  So  was  here  to-day,  but  it  was  only  a  happen- 
ing call  (G.W.).  Lnk.  If  it  wasna  for  a  happening  visitor  looking 
in  at  orra  times,  FRASER  Whaups  (1895)  xii. 

HAPPEN(S,  adv.  and  conj.  n.Cy.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan. 
Chs.  Stf.  Der.  Not.  Lin.  Lei.  Nhp.  War.  Wor.  Shr.  Glo. 
Also  written  happance  w.Yks. ;  and  in  forms  'appen 
Lan.  m.Lan.1  Der. ;  hap'm  Cum.4 ;  oppen  Der.  1.  adv. 
Perhaps,  possibly,  may  be. 

N.Cy.1,  Cum.4  Wm.  '  Will  you  lend  me  a  book?'  *  Happen  I 
have  not  got  one"  (B.K.) ;  Said  he  was  happen  rader  better  ner 
good,  Aid  Smiler,  19.  n.Yks.2;  n.Yks.4  '  Wilt  ta  cum?'  'Happen 
Ah  may.'  ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.1  Happen  Bill  '11  cum  whom  [home] 
next  week.  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Yol  happance  think  this  a  queer 
idea  a  mine,  TOM  TREDDLEHOYLE  Thowts  (1845)  n  ;  w.Yks.1  I 
spreead  taable  claath — happen  nut  seea  simmitas  they'd  been  used 
lull,  ii.  299;  w.Yks.234;  w.Yks.5  Happen  ah  sal  an'  happen  ah 
sahn't.  Lan.  That  friend's  happen  slander'd  yoa  o'  at  he  could, 
HARLAND  Lyrics  (1866)  223;  Our  Jacob's  got  something  on  his 
mind.  .  .  He's  'appen  fallen  in  love,  HAMERTON  Wcnderholntc 
(1869)  xv ;  Lan.1,  ne.Lan.1  e.Lan.1  The  cheapest  is  happen  not 
the  best.  m.Lan.1,  Chs.123  Stf.  Happen  your  husband  tied  ye 
off  marryin'  afore  he  died  ?  Cornh.  Mag.  (Jan.  1894)  38.  n.Stf. 
Happen  ye'dget  something  to  think  on,  GEO.  ELIOT  A.  Bede  (1859) 
I.  8.  Der.  It's  'oppen  two  moil  fro'  here,  HALL  Haihersagc  (1896) 
i ;  'Appen  thou  be'st.  and  'appen  thou  baint,  LE  FANU  Uncle  Silas 
(1865)  I.  298;  Der.2.  nw.Der.l  Not.  (J.H.B.);  If  he  speaks 
to  you,  you  can  'appen  be  deaf.  PRIOR  Renie  (1895)  60.  Lin. 
Happen  sea-bank  broke  to  show  folk  as  fen  warn't  niver  meant  to 
be  drained,  FENN  Dick  o'  the  Fens  (1888)  iii.  n.Lin.1  Happen  I 
maay  cum  doon  o'  Sunda'  at  neet,  bud  I'm  not  sewer.  s.Lin. 
Happen  he  may  artcr  all  (T.H.R.).  sw.Lin.1  Happens,  I  may. 
It  was  a  good  job,  happen,  as  she  did  go.  Lei.1  'Do  you  think 
she's  gone  home?'  "Appen.'  Nhp.1  War.  They'd  happen  ha' 
died,  if  they'd  been  fed,  GEO.  ELIOT  Floss  (1860)  I.  42;  War.12; 
War.3  ' 'Ave  a  go  at  a  ship,  master;  appen  yo  might  'it  a 
ship  [sheep].'  A  sarcasm  launched  at  me  by  a  shepherd  who  had 
seen  me  miss  my  game  in  two  successive  shots  ;  War.4  Happen  I 
may  light  upon  it  when  I  goes  a  milking.  s.War.1,  s.Wor.  (H.K.), 
s.Wor.1,  se.Wor.1  Shr.1  'Appen  I  shall  be  theer.  Glo.1 
2.  conj.  In  case,  lest,  perchance. 

n-Yks.1  Ah'll  think,  happen  Ah  gans.  ne.Yks.1  Ah'll  waat 
happen  sha  cums.  w.Yks.  (J.W.) 

HAPPER,  v.  Hmp.  Wil.  Dor.  Som.  To  fall  with  a 
heavy  sound  ;  to  rattle  down,  patter ;  to  crackle ;  gen. 
with  down. 

Hmp.  Of  an  apple  falling  from  a  tree,  '  Didn't  it  happer  down ! ' 
(W.H.E.)  Wil.  You  can  hear  the  rain  now.  It's  happering  down, 
ib.  ;  Wil.1  To  come  down  smartly,  as  hail,  or  leaves  in  autumn. 
Dor.  An'  orcha'd  apples,  red  half  round,  Have  alia  happer'd  down, 
BARNES  Poems  (1863)  78.  Som.  Till  tha  snaw  happer'd  down 
and  cover'd  tha  groun,  AGRIKLKK  Rhymes  (1872)  no;  SWEETMAN 
IVincanton  Gl.  (1885);  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873)  ;  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial. 
w.Eng.  (1825).  w.Som.1  How  that  there  'ood  do  happery  1 

Hence  (i)  Happering,  (a)  vbl.  sb.  the  snapping  or 
crackling  of  an  ember  in  a  fire ;  (b)  ppl.  adj.  pattering, 
rattling  coming  down  like  hail  ;  (2)  Happery,  adj.  crack- 
ling, apt  to  snap  or  crackle. 

(i,  a)  Wll.  N.  &  Q.  (i88i)6th  S.  iv.  106.  (A)  Dor.  At  the  feast, 
I  do  mind  very  well,  all  the  vo'ks  Wera-tookina  happeren  show'r, 
BARNES  Poems  (1863)  in.  (a)  w.Som.1  Vir  [fir]  tops  baint  much 
o'  viring,  they  be  so  happery. 

HAPPER,  see  Hopper,  sb.1 




HAPPINCH,  sb.    Chs.      The  lapwing,    Vamllus  vul- 
garis.    Science  Gossip  (1865)  36. 
HAPPIT,  see  Hoppet,  v. 

HAPPLE,  v.  Sc.  [Not  known  to  our  correspondents.] 
To  trickle,  roll  down.  See  Hop,  v?-  6. 

Edb.  The  sa't  tears  ran  happlin'  owr  my  cheek,  LEARMONT  Poems 
(1791)  325. 

HAPPY,  adj.  Sc.  Irel.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Yks.  Chs.  Lei.  Nhp. 
War.  Cor.  [h)a'pi,  ae'pi.]  1.  In  phr.  (i)  Happy  by  lucky, 
at  a  venture,  at  all  hazards,  by  chance  ;  (2)  — family, 
a  variety  of  stonecrop,  Sedum  ;  (3)  -go-long,  an  easy- 
going person;  (4)  -go-lucky,  (a)  see  (i) ;  (b)  see  (3);  (c) 
chance,  accident ;  (5)  —  man  be  his  dole,  a  good  wish,  an 
expression  of  goodwill. 

(i)  Nhp.1  He  has  taken  that  bit  o'  ground  happy  by  lucky,  he's 
chanced  it.  (2)  Chs.1  Frequently  grown  in  cottage  windows ; 
Chs.3  The  buds  and  flowers,  though  on  different  stalks,  all  nestle 
together.  (3)  Nhb.  (R.O.H.)  (4,  a)  Cai.1  Rxb.  Happy-go-lucky, 
I'll  venture  (JAM.).  s.Don.  He  could  not  ride  a  bicycle,  but  he 
said  he  would  try  happy  go  lucky  (D.A.S.).  Lin.1,  n.Lin.1  (b) 
Lei.1  A  good  fellow  of  a  reckless  random  disposition.  War.3  (c) 
n.Yks.  It's  happy-go-lucky  whether  you  get  them  or  nut  (I.W.). 
m.Yks.1  The  well-known  phrase  '  happy-go-lucky'  has  more  of  a 
meaning  to  northern  than  southern  ears.  Cor.  After  that  went 
recklessly  .  .  .  and  finally  abandoned  the  exercise  of  ...  reason 
for  happy-go-lucky,  BARING-GOULD  Gaverocks  (1887)  i.  (5)  n.Cy. 
GROSE  (1790)  MS.  add.  (P.) 
2.  Lucky,  fortunate,  boding  good  fortune. 

Bnff.  There  are  happy  and  unhappy  days  for  beginning  any  under- 
taking. . .  There  are  also  happy  and  unhappy  feet.  Thus  they  wish 
bridegrooms  and  brides  a  happy  foot,  Statist.  Ace.  XIV. 541  «.  (JAM.) 

HAPRICK,  sb.  Sh.I.  Also  written  happrick.  [ha'prik.] 
Panniers  or  baskets  slung  over  a  horse's  back. 

A  auld  osmal  liiikin'  auld  maid,  wi'  a  mooth  laek  a  horse  hap- 
prick, STEWART  Tales  (1892)  35  ;  S.  &  Ork.1  Two  cazzies  united  by 
a  band  laid  over  a  horse's  back  for  carrying  manure. 

HAPS,  adv.  Sc.  n.Cy.  Ess.  Ken.  [haps,  asps.] 
Perhaps,  perchance.  See  Hap,  adv.  6. 

Edb.  If  yer  morals  dinna  men'  Ye'll  haps  be  scau'ded  at  the  en', 
LIDDLE  Poems  (1821)  58.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll.  L.L.B.)  Ess. 
An',  haps,  near  ov  a-fire,  CLARK  J.  Noakes  (1839)  St.  170;  Ess.1 
Ken.  Aps  he  may.  Aps  he  be  (W.G.P.). 

[It  may  haps  be  objected,  CALLIS  Stat.  Sewers  (ed. 
1647)  94  (N.E.D.).] 

HAPS,  see  Hasp,  sb.1 

HAP-SHACKLE,  v.  and  sb.  Sc.  Lan.  Also  in  form 
hop-shackle  Sc.  Lan.1  [ha'p-,  h)o'p-Jakl.]  1.  v.  To  bind 
together  the  feet  of  cattle  so  as  to  prevent  them  from 
straying.  Slk.,  Gall.  QAM.) 

Hence  Hap-shackled,  ppl.  adj.  fettered,  cumbered ; 

Ayr.  Thou  now  has  got  thy  daddie's  chair,  Nae  hand-cuff'd, 
mizzl'd,  hap-shackl'd  Regent,  BURNS  Elegy  on  the  Year  1788  (1789) 
1.  34  ;  Jeanie  stood  like  ane  hapshackl'd,  AINSLIE  Land  of  Burns 
(ed.  1892)  188.  Gall.  An  horse  is  said  to  be  so  when  an  hind  and 
fore  foot  are  confined  by  a  rope  fixed  to  them ;  this  is  to  hinder 
them  to  'hop  '  or  '  leap,'  MACTAGGART  Encycl,  (1824)  253,  ed.  1876. 
Lan.  '  Thou  walks  as  if  thou  were  hop-shackle't ! '  '  Thou'd  be 
hop-shackle't  too,  if  thou'd  as  mony  corns  o'  thi  toes  as  I  have,' 
WAUGH  Chim.  Corner  (1874)  17,  ed.  1879  !  Lan.1 
2.  sb.  A  ligament  for  confining  a  horse  or  cow;  a  shackle, 
fetter;  also  used  fig. 

Ayr.  No  creatures  in  a  crib,  no  horses  in  hapshackles,  AINSLIE 
Land  of  Burns  (ed.  1892)  139.  Slk.  An  intelligent  correspondent 
from  Ettrick  Forest  informs  me  that  he  never  saw  the  operation  of 
hapshackling  performed  otherwise  than  by  fastening  the  hap- 
shackle  round  the  fore  feet  of  the  animal  (JAM.) ;  I  have  got  this 
matrimonial  hap-shackle  off  and  am  free,  HOGG  Tales  (1838)  282, 
ed.  1866.  Gall.  (JAM.) 

HAPSHER,  adv.  Lakel.  Cum.  Also  in  forms  hapsha 
Lakel.2  Cum. ;  hapshy  Cum.1  In  comp.  (i)  Hapsher- 
hapsher,  (2)  -rapsher,  -rapsha,  or  -rapshy,  haphazard,  at 

(i)  Cum.  (J.W.O.)  (2)  Lakel.2  Cum.  (J.W.O.);  Bit  ah  sed, 
just  hapsha  rapsha,  sez  ah,  SARGISSON /oe  Scoap  (1881)  140 ;  Cum.1 

HAP  YE,  phr.  Obs.  n.Cy.  Also  in  forms  happa 
N.Cy.2  ;  happe.  1.  What  think  you  ?  do  you  think  so  ? 
GROSE (1790),  (K.),N.Cy.2  2.  Thank  you.  BAILEY  (1721). 

HAR,  int.  Nhb.  Dur.  Yks.  e.An.  Also  in  form  arr, 
aar  e.An.  1.  A  call  of  the  carter  to  a  horse  to  come  to 
the  left  or  near  side. 

e.An.  The  rustic  teamman's  address  to  his  horse  when  he  wants 
it  to  turn  into  a  gateway  to  the  left  is  something  of  this  kind, 
'Cup  bear,  har,  hate  wa'  holt'  (H.C.H.).  Nrf.  RAINBIRD  Agric. 
(1819)  302,  ed.  1849. 

2.  A  word  of  command  addressed  to  a  plough-horse  to 
turn  to  the  right. 

Yks.  The  horses  are  trained  when  young  to  turn  to  the  right  on 
hearing  this  word  (G.W.W.). 

3.  Phr.  har  away,  be  off !  come  along.    Cf.  hay-ree. 
Nhb.  (H.M.)     e.Dur.1  Haa'wee'u,  haa-nrwee'u,  haru  ('harra') 

wee'u.  The  shibboleth  of  this  county,  heard  every  day  and  almost 
every  five  minutes. 

HAR,  see  Haar,  sb.1,  Have,  Her. 

HARASS,  sb.  Lin.  Sur.  [a'ras.]  Difficulty,  great 

Sur.1  '  It's  a  harass  to  get  them  up  they  hills.'  Speaking  of 
carting  building  materials  on  to  the  hill. 

Hence  Harassment,  sb.  a  worry,  trouble,  harassed  con- 

n.Lin.1  Dr.  P.  he  says  to  me,  'Mrs.  D.,'  he  says,  'it's  ovver- 
harassment  o'  th'  liver  'at  yer  sufferin'  from.'  s.Lin.  (T.H.R.) 

HARBER,  sb.  e.An.1  Suf.1  e.Suf.  (F.H.)  Also  written 
harbur,  and  in  form  arbour  Suf.1  [a'ba(r).]  The  horn- 
beam or  hard-beam,  Carpinus  Betulus.  Also  in  comp. 

HARBIN(E,  sb.  Or.I.  A  young  coal-fish  of  about  two 
years  old,  Merlangus  carbonarius. 

The  piltock  of  Shetland  is  the  kuth  of  Orkney,  which  the  following 
year  is  distinguished  in  the  latter  place  as  harbines,  or  two-year- 
old  kuths,  HIBBERT  Desc.  SIi.  I.  (1822)  25,  ed.  1891  ;  S.  &  Ork.1 
[SATCHELL  (1879).] 

HARBOUR,s6.andv.  Sc.  Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Chs. Lin. 
Wor.  Pern.  Glo.  Oxf.  Som.  Dev.  Cor.  Also  written harbar 
s.Pem. ;  and  in  form  herbour  Sc.  1.  sb.  A  shelter,  refuge. 

Edb.  It  is  said,  as  a  harbour  and  rallying  point,  to  have  been 
much  resorted  to  by  the  Covenanters,  PENNECUIK  Whs.  (1715)  127, 
ed.  1815.  n.Yks.4  Wa  mun  finnd  a  harbour  sumwhere  whahl 
t'shooer's  ower'd.  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  n.Lin.1  It  power'd  doon  wi' 
raain  an'  ther'  was  noa  harbour  to  find  noa  wheare.  w.Som.1 
Kau'msoa'us!  lat-s  goo  t-aarbur  [Come  mates  !  let's  take  shelter]. 
The  word  '  shelter'  is  unknown. 

Hence  (i)  Harberance,  (2)  Harberie,  sb.  harbourage, 
shelter  ;  (3)  Harbourless,  adj.  without  shelter  or  refuge. 

(i)  Nhb.1  Thor's  a  lot  o'  ratlins  this  year ;  the  rough  stubbles  is 
been  a  grand  harberance  for  them.  (2)  Sc.  He  that  is  ill  of  his 
harberie,  is  good  of  his  way  kenning,  RAY  Prov.  (1678)  370.  (3) 
Lnk.  So  am  I  harbourlcss,  LITHGOW.PO«/.  Rent.,  ed.  1863  (Passionado). 
2.  Lodging,  house-room  ;  a  house,  home  ;  a  room,  place 
of  entertainment,  place  of  reception. 

Sc.  He  kept  them  up  till  I  had  neither  house  nor  harbour, 
KIRKTON  Ch.  Hist.  (1817)  274.  Per.  What!  herbour  freers?  an' 
the  gudeman  fra  hame  ?  HALIBURTON  Dunbar  (1895)  95.  Lakel.1 
Turned  out  of  '  huse  and  harbour.'  Cum.4  Wm.  Cheated  aut  ol 
hause  and  harbour,  HUTTON  Bran  New  Wark  (1785)  1.312.  n.Yks.1; 
n.Yks.4  Seea  lang  ez  it's  cleean,  Ah  deeant  mahnd,  bud  Ah  mun  'ev 
a  harbour  foor  t'neet.  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  Chs.1  My  word!  but  this 
is  a  wyndy  harbour.  A  wood-fent's  a  regular  harbour  for  rottens. 
n.Lin.1  Thaay  was  to'n'd  oot  Vto  th'  streat,  an'  noa  harbour  was  to 
be  gotten  for  'em  noawheares,  soa  I  let  'em  lig  e'  my  barn. 
sw.Lin.1  His  sister  jives  him  harbour,  but  he  finds  himself.  There's 
no  harbour  at  D,  so  they've  ta'en  a  house  at  H.  There's  no  other 
harbour  to  be  got.  Oxf.  (G.O.),  w.Som.1 

Hence  (i)  Harbourage,  sb.  stopping-place,  entertain- 
ment ;  (2)  Harbouration,  sb.  a  collection,  lodgement ;  a 
collection  of  anything  unpleasant. 

(i)  w.Som.1  Noa-  aa'rbureej  yuur!    [No  shelter  here!]  is  the 

^     .  it  i         11       i___         __j___    -i i ;  i  •    -  . 

a  harbouration  o'  dirt  as  that  is.     s.Chs.1  Mahy  sai'ks  ulahy'v! 
wot  u  aa-rburai'shun  u  rub'ich  dhur  iz  i  dhu  aays  [My  sakes  alive  ! 
what  a  harbouration  o'  rubbitch  there  is  i'  the  ha'ise]. 
3.  The  place  where  a  deer  lies  or  has  been  lying ;  the 
bed  of  a  deer. 

w.Som.1  An  old  stag  always  tries  to  find  a  young  deer  to  turn 




out  of  his  harbour.  n.Dev.  When  he  [the  stag]  has  settled  himself 
down  he  is  said  to  be  '  in  harbour,'  JEFFERIES  Red  Deer  (1884)  vi. 

Hence  Harbourage,  sb.  a  covert,  lair,  hiding-place. 

w.Som.1  The  deer  made  for  Bollam  Wood,  but  there  was  no 
harbourage  there. 

4.  v.  To  give  shelter  to ;   to  hide ;   to  entertain,  give 
house-room  to. 

Ayr.  We  had  committed  the  unpardonable  sin  against  the  prelacy 
of  harbouring  our  minister  and  his  destitute  family,  GALT  Gilliaise 
(1823)  xvii.  n.Vks.4  Gen.  used  in  a  derogatory  sense.  '  Sha's 
neeawaays  neyce  whaw  sha  harbours.'  '  Tha'd  harbour  tha  devil 
if  tha  thowt  tha  c'u'd  mak  owt  byv  it'  w.Yks.  (J.W.)  Chs.1  He 
harbours  aw  th'  poachers  i'  th'  country ;  Chs.3,  n.Lin.1,  Oxf.  (G.O.) 
Glo.1  Her  says  her  won't  harbour  the  dog  in  the  parlour.  w.Som.1 
'Tis  a  place  where  they  do  harbour  thieves  and  all  sorts  o'  rough 
car'iturs.  Cor.  And  'cused  me  forharbren  hes  booay  to  my  house, 
TREGELLAS  Tales  (1860)  5. 

Hence  Harberous,  adj.  hospitable,  affording  shelter. 

So.  He  liberal  was  and  harberous,  ROGERS  Three  Reformers 
(1819)  114. 

5.  To  pet,  spoil,  make  much  of. 

s.Pem.  Ye'v  alwiz  been  harbarin'  this  child,  an'  naw  a's  spoilt 

6.  Phr.  to  harbour  laze,  to  induce  or  encourage  laziness. 
s.Wor.  PORSON  Quaint  Wds.  (1875)  20. 

7.  To  dwell  in  a  place  ;  to  haunt,  frequent. 

n.Cy.  (J.W.)  Chs.1  Rats  harbour  in  a  barn.  Partridges  harbour 
amongst  turnips  ;  Chs.3  They  harbour  there  continually.  Glo.2 
w.Som.1  The  police  kept  watch  on  the  places  he  was  known  to 
harbour.  Her  told  em  how  he  did'n  harboury  there. 

8.  Of  a  deer  or  stag  :  to  have  a  lair  ;  to  haunt,  frequent. 
w.Som.1  To  ascertain  by  tracking,  or  other  means,  that  the  deer 

is  harbouring  or  laired  in  a  particular  spot  or  covert.  n.Dev.  If  a 
man  could  steal  a  view  of  'un,  .  .  where  he  harbours,  WHYTE- 
MELVILLE  Katerfelto  (1875)  xv. 

9.  To  track  a  stag  to  its  lair. 

w.Som.1  n.Dev.  To  use  woodman's  language,  he  had  fairly 
'harboured  his  deer,'  WHYTE-MELVILLE  Katerfelto  (1875)  xvi  ; 
A  guinea  is  paid  for  each  stag  '  harboured  '  successfully,  JEFFERIES 
Red  Deer  (1884)  vi. 

Hence  Harbourer,  sb.  hunting  term  :  a  man  whose  duty 
it  is  to  track  out  a  stag's  lair  or  '  harbour.' 

w.Som.1  The  harbourer  ...  is  as  important  an  officer  in  the 
establishment  of  a  pack  of  hounds  kept  for  hunting  the  wild  deer 
as  the  huntsman  himself.  Indeed  it  would  be  well  if  every  hunts- 
man was  to  serve  a  novitiate  as  harbourer.  It  unfortunately 
happens  that  every  under-keeper  and  loiterer  about  the  haunts  of 
the  wild  deer,  thinks  he  can  act  as  harbourer,  COLLYNS,  76.  Dev. 
The  harbourer  having  reported  a  '  warrantable  deer  '  in  Parsonage 
Wood,  Mem.  Rev.  J.  Russell  (1883)  xii.  n.Dev.  He  has  earned 
an  unchallenged  right  to  call  himself  the  most  skilful  '  Harbourer ' 
in  the  west,  WHYTE-MELVILLE  Katerfelto  (1875)  xvi. 

[1.  I  wasastraungerandnedyofharboure.UDALL^njs/n. 
Par.  (1548)  Matt.  xxv.  2.  An  harbar,  liospicium,  Cath. 
Angl.  (1483).] 

HARBY,  HARCELET,  see  Herb,  Haslet. 

HARD,  adj.,  adv.  and  sb.  Van  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  Eng. 
and  Colon.  Also  in  forms  haad  e.Yks.1 ;  hand  e.Yks. ; 
nurd  Cmb.  1.  adj.  and  adv.  In  comb,  (i)  Hard-backed, 
miserly,  stingy,  noted  for  driving  hard  bargains ;  (a) 
•batch,  grape-wine  ;  see  below ;  (3)  -bitten  one,  a  hard 
taskmaster;  (4) -bound,  constipated;  (5) -bowed,  said  of 
flax  when  the  seed  has  formed  ;  (6)  -bread,  oatcake ;  (7) 
•buttons,  a  boys'  game ;  see  below ;  «(8)  —  cake,  (9) 

—  cheese,  hard  treatment,  a  hard  lot,  '  hard  lines  ' ;  (10) 
•core,  brick,  rubbish,  or  refuse  used  to  make  foundations; 
(n)  -corn,  wheat  and  rye,  as  opposed  to  barley  and  oats ; 
(12)  -dick,  a  pudding  made  only  of  flour  and  water  ;  (13) 

—  does,  see  (9) ;  (14)  -dumpling,  see  (12) ;  (15)  —  eating, 
dry  food  and   corn,  as  opposed  to  grass;    also  called 
Hard-food;   (16)  -faced,  (a)  impudent,  obstinate,  brazen- 
faced; (6)  obstinate  in  making  a  bargain;  (c)close.-grained, 
hard  in  texture ;    (17)   -favoured,  stern-faced ;   coarse- 
featured  ;  (18)  -fish,  dried  or  salt  fish  ;  (19)  -fist,  a  miserly 
person;    (20)  -fisted,  covetous;    (21)   -fruit,  stone-fruit, 
plums,  &c. ;    (22)  -gait,  a  hard  road  ;  used  fig.  in  prov. ; 
see  below ;  (23)  -gob,  white  metal ;  (24)  -grain,  a  present 
of  wheat  or  money  made   to    children  at   Christmas; 

(25)  —  grass,  var.  species  of  sedge  or  Carex ;  (26) 
-ground  man,  a  workman  employed  in  driving  rock 
other  than  coal ;  (27)  -haddled,  hard-earned  ;  see  Addle, 
I/.2;  (28)  -handed,  stingy,  niggardly,  close-fisted;  (29) 

—  hap,  misfortune,  adversity;  (30) -head, hardihood;  (31) 
•headed,  (a)  unyielding,  stubborn  ;    (b\  shrewd,  '  cute ' ; 
(32)  -hearted,  heart-breaking,  distressing;    (33)  -hewer, 
a  stone-mason  ;  (34)  -hodden  or  -holden,  tightly  held ;  at 
a  loss,  embarrassed  ;  hard  put  to  it ;   (35)  -horn,  tightly ; 
(36)  -iron  or  Hardine,  fa)  the  black  knapweed,  Centaurea 
nigra;  also  called  Hardhead  (q.v.)  ;  (6)  the  corn-crowfoot, 
Ranunculus  arvensis;    (c)   the  spreading  halbert-leaved 
orache,  A  triplex  hastata  ;  (37)  -matched,  hardly  able ;  (38) 

—  matter,  difficult ;  (39)  —  meat,  see  (15) ;  (40)  -melched, 
of  a  cow:    difficult  to  milk;    (41)  -mouthed,  obstinate, 
stubborn;  (42) -nap,  a  shrewd,  clever  fellow;  (43) -coined, 
badly  treated,  over-worked  ;  see  Hoin,  v.  •  (44)  -pin't,  said 
of  grass  when  eaten  off  close  to  the  bare  ground ;  (45) 
-pushed,  hard  put  to  it ;  (46)  -race,  calcareous  concretionary 
matter  formed  round.fossilized  bones,  found;in  brick-earth ; 
(47)  -sailing,  trouble,  misfortune  ;   (48)  -set,  (a)  scarcely 
able,  hardly,  with  difficulty  ;  hard-pressed,  in  difficulties, 
straits;  (b)  hungry;   (c)  to  overdo;   (49)  -setten,  said  of 
eggs  sat  upon  until  nearly  the  date  of  hatching ;    (50) 
-stocking,  land  on  which  more  stock  is  pastured  than  it 
can  properly  nourish  ;  (51)  -thistle,  the  creeping  plume- 
thistle,  Carauus  arvensis;  (52)  -tree,  close-grained  wood  ; 
(53)  —  water,  spring  water  as  distinguished  from  rain  or 
soft  water ;   (54)  —  weight,  a  trifle  short  of  the  weight 
named;  (55)  --wheat,  bearded  wheat,  Triticum  durum; 
(56) — wood,  (a)  oak  and  ash  as  distinguished  from  fir, 
willow,  beech,  &c. ;  (b)  firewood  in  logs  or  brands  as  dis- 
tinguished from  faggot-wood  or '  wood '  simply ;  (57)  -wood 
trees,  deciduous  trees  (with  the  exception  of  oak),  not  ot 
the  fir  tribe  ;  (58)  -woolled  one,  see  (3) ;  (59)  —  word,  (a) 
abuse  ;  scandal  ;  (b)  a  blunt  refusal ;   (c)  a  pass-word  or 

(i)  n.Yks.  He's  a  hard-backed  un  (T.S.).  (al  s.Hmp.  Do  you 
fetch  that  bottle  of  hard-batch  (wine  made  from  the  outdoor  grapes), 
VERNEY  L.  Lisle  (1870)  vi.  (3)  w.Wor.  A  hard-bitten  un  as  be  no 
mon's  friend,  S.  BEAUCHAMPW.  Hamilton  (1875)  I.  3.  (4)  Chs.1  (5) 
N.I.1  (6)  n.Ir.  She  bakit  aboot  three  griddle  fu's  o'  hard  breid, 
LYTTLE  Paddy  McQuillan ,  18.  Lan.  Wi'n  yo  have  hard  brade  orloaf- 
brade  '  WAUGH  Awd  Bodlc,  250.  (7)  Lon.  Several  boys  place  one 
button  each  close  together  on  a  line.  The  game  consists  in  hitting 
a  particular  button  out  of  this  line  without  touching  the  others. 
This  is  gen.  played  in  London  streets,  GOMME  Games  (1894)  190. 
(8)  n.Lin.1,  Lei.1,  War.3  (9)  e.Yks.1  It's  hard  cheese  when  yan 
awn  bayns  tons  ther  backs  o'  yan,  MS.  add.  (T.H.)  w.Yks.5  To 
be  turned  off  the  premises  where  several  generations  of  a  family  have 
lived  and  died,  would  be  '  hard-cheese.'  A  criminal  may  deserve 
his  twenty-one  years'  sentence  of  transportation,  nevertheless  it  is 
'  hard  cheese  to  the  poor  fellah  ! '  Not.1,  n.Lin.1, Lei.1, Oxf.  (G.O.) 
(10)  Lon.  The  phrase  '  hard-core'  seems  strictly  to  mean  all  such 
refuse  matter  as  will  admit  of  being  used  as  the  foundation  of 
roads,  buildings,  &c.,  MAYHEW  Land.  Labour  (ed.  1861)  II.  281. 
(n)  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.1  Dur.1  Wheat  or  maslin,  when  growing,  as 
distinguished  from  barley  and  oats.  Stf.  (K.)  (i2)Sns.1  (i3)Yks. 
(J.W.)  n.Lin.1  It's  hard-does  for  a  man  and  his  wife  and  bairns  to 
be  thrawn  oot  o'  wark  wi'oot  warnin'.  Glo.  These  'ere  times  with 
hard  doos  fur  farmers,  and  wi"  the  'checnery  and  zo  on,  BUCKMAN 
Darke's Sojourn  (1890)  x.  Oxf.1  JUS.  add.  (14)  n.Yks.  (I.W.)  (15) 
Sc.  (A.W.)  Myo.  I'd  like  the  white  mare  tuk  off  the  grash  an'  gave 
some  hard  'atin'  for  afewdays,  STOKER  Snake's  Pass(i8gi)vi.  (i6,«) 
Chs.3  I  have  heard  a  bold  horse  called  '  a  regular  hard-faced  one." 
s.Chs.1  0  tae-rbl  aa'rd-fai'St  wensh  [A  terr'ble  hard-faced  wench]. 
(b)  Chs.1  (c)  ib.  Timber  which  is  hard  and  difficult  to  work  is 
said  to  be  hard-faced.  An  apple  of  so  close  a  texture  that  you 
can  scarcely  get  your  teeth  through  it  would  be  called  hard- 
.  faced.  (17)  Ayr.  A  stalwart,  hard-favoured,  grey-haired  man-at- 
arms,  GALT  Gilhaize  (1823)  i.  Cum.14  (18)  Sc.  Indiscriminately 
given  to  cod,  ling,  and  torsk,  salted  and  dried  (JAM.)  ;  Scoticisms 
(1787)  38.  Or.I.  PETERKIN  Notes  (1822)  App.  32.  Cal.1  (19) 
s.Lin.  Ha'e  you  hired  yer  sen  to  an  o'd  hard-fist  like  her! 
(T.H.R.)  (20)  Nhp.1  (21)  Ken.1  (2a)  Sc.  'The  hare  maun 
come  to  the  hard  gait,'  matters  must  take  their  course.  Gen. 
addressed  to  those  who  appear  wilful,  and  are  determined  to  take 
their  own  way  apparently  against  their  interest  (JAM.).  (23) 




w.Yks.  Leeds  Merc.  Suppl.  (Nov.  4,  1893) ;  w.Vks.2  (24)  ne.Lan.1 
(25)  Stf.  Various  sorts  of  seg  grasses,  provincially  hard  grass,  iron 
grass,  carnation  grass,  ReportsAgric.  (1793-1813)  27.  (26)  \Reports 
Mines.]  (27)  w.Yks.  Dunnot  be  fooils  goin  an  spendin  boath  yer 
time  ah  yer  hard-haddled  cash  at  a  jerry-shop,  Dewsbre  Olm. 
(1878)  3.  (28)  n.Sc.  (JAM.)  (29)  Cum.  Then  hard  hap  have  I, 
GILPIN  Ballads  (1874)  52.  (30)  w.Cy.  (HALL.)  (31,  a)  Cai.1,  Slk. 
(JAM.)  (6)  Nhb.  (R.O.H.)  (32)  Sh.I.  Is  dis  wadder  iver  gaun  ta 
shange,  Magnus  ?  He's  [it's]  truly  been  a  hard-heartid  time  dis 
while,  as  iver  I  mind,  I  link,  Sh.  News  (June  II,  1898).  (33) 
Ken.12  (34)  Lakel.2  Ah  was  hard  hodden  ta  keep  mi  tongue 
atween  mi  teeth  an'  keep  frae  tellen  mi  mind  streck  oot.  n.Yks.2 
'  I  was  hard-hodden  frae  laughing,'  with  difficulty  I  refrained 
from  it.  w.Yks.  I  have  never  seen  a  man  so  hard  holden  as  he 
was,  SNOWDEN  Web  of  Weaver  (1896)  ii.  (35)  Sc.  With  his  eyes 
shut  hardhorn,  Magopico  (ed.  1836)  29.  (36,  a)  Lan.  (B.  &  H. ), 
Chs.13  Stf.  (B.  &  H.),  s.Not.  (J.P.K.)  (6)  n.Cy.  (HALL.)  Midi. 
MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1796)  II.  Der.2,  nw.Der.1,  Lei.1  (c)  Lei.1 
(37)  n.Yks.2  That  wall's  hard-match'd  to  stand.  (38)  Oxf.1  MS. 
add.  nw.Dev.1  'Tis  hard  matter  to  git  about.  (39)  e.Yks.  Maketh 
goodes  fall  sharply  to  their  hard  meate,  BEST  Rur.  Econ.  (1641) 
76.  (40)  s.Chs.1  (41)  Cor.  You  loose-jaw!  hard-mouth'd,  chuckle- 
headed  kna-ave,  FORFAR  Poems  (1885)  47.  (42)Hrf.2  (43)  w.Yks. 
And  all  the  while  this  lovin'  wife,  Hard-ooined  although  shoo  be, 
CUDWORTH  Dial.  Sketches  (1884)  107.  (44)  Cuin.4  (45)  Sc. 
(A.W.),  n.Cy.  (J.W.),  Oxf.  (G.O.)  w.Som.1  We  was  terrible 
hard-pushed  to  get  em  a-dood  in  time.  (46)  Ken.  It  is  called 
'  Hard  race'  by  the  workmen  ...  at  the  large  brickyard  near 
Erith,  RAMSAY  Rock  Specimens  (1862)  180.  (47)  e.Yks.1  Poor 
awd  Mally  ;  sha's  had  nowt  bud  hard-salin  all  her  life-tahm,  MS. 
add.  (T.H.)  (48,  a)  Sc.  (A.W.)  n.Yks.  Ah's  hard-set  to  dua  't 
(T.S.) ;  T'parson  was  hard-set  [to  keep  from  laughing],  TWEDDELL 
Clevel.  Rhymes  (1875)  35;  n.Yks.12;  n.Yks.4  Ah  wur  hardset  ti 
git  t'job  deean  i'  tahm.  ne.Yks.1  Ah  lay  he'll  be  hard-set  ti  a'e 
deean  afoor  neet.  e.Yks.1  Ah's  haad-set  ti  live  o'  that  wage. 
m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Shoo  wir  hard-set  to  do  sich  a  thing  as  that, 
HARTLEY  Clock  Aim.  (1886)  44;  w.Yks.12  Lan.1  He's  hard-set, 
aw  con  tell  thi— eawt  o'  wark  an'  his  woife  deawn  wi1  twins. 
e.Lan.1,  Not.1  n.Lin.1  We  shall  most  on  us  be  hard  set  if  thease 
prices  hohds  on  a  year  or  two  longer.  sw.Lin.1  They're  often 
hardset  for  a  meal.  Lei.L  Nhp.1  He  is  hard  set  to  maintain  his 
family.  War.8,  Hnt.  (T.P.F.)  Dev.3  He's  hardzet  to  pay  his  rent. 

(b)  w.Yks.2    War.3  He  is  so  hard  set  he  will  eat  anything  offered 
to  him.     (c)  m.Yks.1  Take  him  to  the  field  with  thee,  and  don't 
hardset  him,  now.     (49)  Cum.  (J.Ar.),  Cum.4      (50)  s.Wil.  I  have 
known   the   principle    of  hard-stocking  carried   to    an   injurious 
length,  MARSHALL  Review  (1817)  V.  224.     (51)  e.An.  (B.  &  H.) 
(52)  Kcd.  O  get  to  me  a  cloak  of  cloth,  A  staff  of  good  hard  tree, 
MAIDMENT  Garl.  (1824)  30,  ed.  1868.      (53)  Lakel.2  Spring  waiter 
'at  jikes  when  ye  weshin 't.      n.Lin.1,   Oxf.  (G.O.)      (54)  e.Yks.1 
Twea  pund,  hahd  weight,  MS.  add.  (T.H.)     Sus.  I  weighted  a 
carp  .  .   .  and  it   proved   2lbs.  hard    weight,    MARCHANT   Diary 
(1714-28)  in  N.  V  Q.  (1879)  sth  S.  xi.  247.     (55)  Som.  (W.F.R.) 
(56,  a)  Kcd.  The  whole  of  this  is  thickly  planted  with  deciduous 
trees,  or  what  is  here  called  hard  wood  ;  its  distinction  from  the 
evergreens  or  firs,  whose  timber  is  comparatively  softer  and  of 
less  value,  Agric.  Surv.  343  (JAM.).     Slg.  Upwards  of  200,000 
trees  of  various  kinds,  but  chiefly  of  hard  wood,  that  is  oak  and 
ash,  ib.  220.     n.Lin.1,  w.Som.1      (6)  w.Som.1  To  be   sold,  about 
100  cords  of  hard  wood,  in  lots  to  suit  purchasers,  Advt.    nw.Dev.1 
(57)  Cum.4,  w.Yks.1     (58)  Nrf.  COZENS-HARDY  Broad  Nrf.  (1893) 
35-     (59,  fl)  Sc-  Hard  words  break  no  bones  (A.W.).     Myo.  Again 
he  burst  out  at  me  ...  he  would  send  the  hard  word  round  the 
country  about  me  and  my  leman  !  STOKER  Snake's  Pass  ( 1891)  xvi. 
Lakel.2  He  gat  t'hard-word  frae  t'maister.      Cum.4      (b)  Wm.  Ah 
assed  him  for  a  shillin',  an'  he  gev  mi  t'hard-word  atyance  (B.K.). 

(c)  IT.  So  I  gives   Jack  the  hard  word,  CAKLETON   Traits  Peas. 
(ed.  1843)  I.  78. 

2.  Phr.  (i)  hard  about,  (2)  — again,  (3)  —  at  hand,  (4) 
—  by,  near,  close  to  ;  (5)  —  enough,  sure  enough,  without 
doubt,  certainly  ;  (6)  —  laid  on,  much  oppressed  or  bur- 
dened with  work,  sickness,  &c. ;  (7)  —  on,  (a]  see  (4) ;  (b) 
nearly,  almost,  approaching  to  ;  (c)  hard  at  work,  in  full 
swing  ;  (d)  fast  asleep  ;  (8)  —  to,  see  (4) ;  (9)  —  upon,  see 
(7,6);  (10)  —  a-gallop,  galloping  very  fast ;  (n)  —  and  fast, 
(a)  safely  secured,  immovable  ;  (b)  vigorously,  with  great 
energy  ;  with  eagerness  or  determination ;  (c)  see  (5) ; 

(d)  see  (7,  d) ;  (12)  — and  heather  bred,  hardy,  possessed 
of  great  vigour  and  activity ;  (13)  — and  sharp,  (a)  scarcely, 
hardly,  with  difficulty,  barely  ;  (b)  cruelly,  harshly  ;  (c)  to 

a  nicety,  just  right ;  (d)  slightly  short  in  the  required 
weight  or  size  ;  (14)  —  in  the  mouth,  stubborn,  obstinate  ; 
(15)  —  of  belief,  dubious,  doubtful ;  (16)  —  of  the  feather, 
used  in  reference  to  fighting  cocks,  fully  grown  and  not 
soft-feathered  ;  (17)  to  get  it  hard,  to  find  it  a  difficult 
matter;  (18)  to  be  at  hard  canny,  to  have  a  struggle  to 
make  both  ends  meet ;  (19)  to  be  in  hard  earnest,  to  be  in 
sober,  downright  earnest ;  (20)  to  have  the  hard  drop  in 
one,  to  be  penurious,  miserly. 

(i)  w.Yks.  It's  hard  about  yonder  clump  of  trees  (C.C.R.).  (2) 
Lakel.2  It's  hard  again  t'fell  sides.  Cum.4  Ye'll  finnd  t'hoose  hard 
agean  t'stayshin.  n.Wm.  Your  stick  is  hard  again  your  nief  (B.  K.). 
(3)  Som.  I  was  .  .  .  thinken',  mabbee,  o'  thik  good-bye  as  was  hard 
at  hand,  LEITH  Verbena  (1895)  99.  (4)  Abd.  Hard  by  the  house  o' 
Robie  Mill,  FORBES  Shop  31/1(1785)  14.  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.5  Hard 
by  t'owd  church.  Der.2,  nw.Der.1  n.Lin.  Yalthrup  is  hard  by 
Bottesford  (E.P.).  Oxf.  (G.O.)  (5)  n.Yks.2;  n.Yks.4  He'll  tell 
tha  what  he  thinks,  hard  eaneeaf.  ne.Yks.1  Aye  !  that's  him  hard 
eneeaf.  w.Yks.  (JE.B.) ;  w.Yks.5  '  I  can  du  it  hard  eniff.'  A  man 
repairs  a  clock,  and  says,  when  he  has  concluded  his  task,  '  Thear, 
it  al  go  hard  eniff  now.'  n.Lin.  He'll  goa  hard  enif  if  thoo  nobbud 
axes  him  (M.P.).  (6)  Cum.14  w.Yks.1;  w.Yks.5  A  lad  sent  to 
work  at  the  factory  when  very  young  is  '  hard-laid  on.'  A  man 
emaciated  in  appearance  by  illness  has  '  bin  hard  laad  on,  poor 
fellah ! '  n.Lin.1,  Nhp.1  (7,  a)  Lakel.2  s.Lin.  You'll  be  hard  on 
it  when  you  reach  the  next  cross  roads  (T.H.R.).  (b)  Cum.4  It'll 
be  hard  on  till  neet  or  we  git  heam.  Wm.  It'll  be  hard  on  ta  ten 
mile  ta  Penrith  (B.K.).  Lei.1  It's  six  o'clock,  hard  on.  War.2 
Hard  upon  three  months  ;  War.3  (c)  Not.1  Lei.1  Ah'n  bin  aard 
on  all  dee.  Shay's  aard  on  at  th'  o'd  man  from  mornin'  to  noight 
an'  noight  till  mornin'.  War.3,  Oxf.  (G.O.)  (rf)  w.Yks.  'Ist'barn 
asleep?'  'Ay,  he's  hard  on'  (^E.B.).  (8)  Cum.  I  wad  fain  a 
seen't  cum  hard  tull  us,  Borrowdale  Lett,  in  Lonsdale  Mag.  (Feb. 
1867)  309.  (9)  Slk.  It  is  hard  upon  the  gloamin',  HOGG  Tales 
(1838)  68,  ed.  1866.  Nhp.1  Hard  upon  eighty.  Hmp.  '  How  far 
is  it  to  Christchurch  ?'  'Oh,  it's  hard  upon  a  mile'  (H.C.M.B.). 
Som.  Hard  upon  thirty  year  have  I  a-bin  clerk,  RAYMOND  Love 
and  Quiet  Life  (1894)  107.  (10)  nw.Dev.1  He  raud  roun'  the 
cornder  'ard-a-gallop.  (n,  a)  n.Yks.2  (b)  n.Cy.  Yah,  ye  mun  hit 
it  hard  an'  fast  as  weel,  ta  mack  a  wage  (B.K.).  Chs.  GROSE 
(1790)  MS.  add.  (M.)  (c)  n.Yks.2  It  is  so,  hard  and  fast,  (d) 
n.Cy.  Ah  was  hard  an  fast  asleep  (B.K.).  w.Yks.  (JE.B.)  (la) 
Nht>. '  Hard  and  heather-bred  '  ran  the  ancient  North-Tyne  slogan  ; 
'hard  and  heather-bred — yet — yet— yet,'  PEASE  Tales  (1899)  5; 
The  slogan  is  actually  'Hard  a — d'  (in  allusion  to  constant 
training  in  the  saddle)  'and  heather-bred,  yit,  yit,  yit ! '  (R.O.H.) 
(13,  a)  w.Yks.  Ah  catched  t'train,  but  it  wor  hard  and  sharp  (J.T.) ; 
w.Yks.1  Hesto  mesur,  naa  matters,  it's  nobbud  hard  and  sharp. 
n.Lin.1  I  did  catch  th'  traain,  bud  it  was  hard  an'  sharp,  she  was 
movin' when  I  got  in.  s.Cy.  HOLLOW  AY.  w.Som.iEes,  mum,  we 
was  there,  but  'twas  hard  and  sharp  ;  the  train  was  jis  pon  comin' 
eens  we  stapt.  (b)  Ayr.  Ne'er  grudge  an'  carp  Tho'  fortune  use 
you  hard  an'  sharp,  BURNS  Ep.  J.  Lapraik  (Apr.  21,  1785)  St.  8. 
w.Yks.1  Not  often  used  in  this  sense,  (c)  w.Yks.5  A  shop-keeper 
who  gives  standing  weight  and  not  a  draw,  manages  matters 
'hard  an'  sharp.'  A  policeman  who  lays  his  hand  upon  the 
shoulder  of  a  man  stepping  into  a  railway  carriage,  as  the  train  is 
beginning  to  move,  is  '  hard  an'  sharp  upon  his  customer,'  or,  the 
capture  is  a  'hard  an'  sharp'  one, — done  to  a  nicety,  (d)  Wm. 
He  sez  ther's  a  steean  o'  taties  e  that  pooak,  but  they'll  be  hard 
an' sharp  seea  many  (B.K.).  n.Yks.2  e.Yks.1  There  was  hard 
an'  sharp  of  a  bushel  of  them,  MS.  add.  (T.H.)  (14)  Glo.  Noa, 
thay  'oodn't  'gree  to't,  not  they.  'Ye  be  dalled  hard  in  the 
mouth,'  says  Willum,  BUCKMAN  Darke's  Sojourn  (1890)  iv.  (15) 
n.Yks.  (T.S.)  ( 1 6)  Cum.1  (17)  Wmh.  Did  you  get  it  hard  to  pay 
yourrint?  (S.A.B.)  (i8).n.Yks.2Aperson  issaidtobeathardcanny, 
who  has  to  struggle  '  to  make  ends  meet.'  (19)  s.Dur.  He's  in  hard- 
earnest  (J.E.D.).  (20)  Ir.  An'  would  stand  his  treat  as  well  as 
another ;  but  now  see  what  he  is  !  .  .  It  was  ...  no  aisy  matther 
to  get  him  into  a  trate  ;  ...  he  had  always  the  hard  drop  in  him, 
CARLETON  Fardorougha  (1848)  Introd.  n. 
3.  adj.  Hardy,  enduring  ;  not  sensitive  to  pain  ;  daring, 
bold,  resolute. 

Cum.1  He's  as  hard  as  a  fell  teadd  ;  Cum.4  n.Yks.1  He's  bodden 
a  vast ;  he  wur  a  desput  hard  man  iv's  yowth.  '  Thae's  hard 
lahtle  chaps  ;  they  heed  it  na  mair  an  nowght ' ;  of  some  young 
boys  who  had  had  several  teeth  out  without  a  cry  or  a  wry  face. 
e.Yks.  As  hahd  as  a  grund  tooad,  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  (1889)  19. 
w.Yks.  (C.C.R.) ;  '  It  al  mack  uz  hard,  this  will,'  answered  Polly, 
TOM  TREDDLEHOYLE  Bairnsla  Ann.  (1852)  43.  s.Chs.1  Aa-r  yung 




Ben)z  uz  aa-rd  Oz  nee-lz;  yfl  mi  run  u  pin  in-tCi  im  fin  ey  wii)n-fl 
shuwt  [Ahr  young  Ben's  as  hard  as  neels  ;  y6  may  run  a  pin  into 
him  an  hey  wunna  showt],  nw.Der.1 

Hence  Hardness,  sb.  strength,  applied  to  the  voice. 

n.Lin.1  'I  sljpoted  wi'  all  my  hardness,  that  is,  I  called  as  load 
as  I  could. 

4.  Big,  strong,  robust,  well-grown  ;  growing,  full-grown. 
s.Cy.  (HALL.)     I.W.1  '  He's  a  gurt  hard  bwoy,'  he's  a  strong 

robust  lad  ;  I.W.2  Dor.  The  youngest  son  hizzelf  a  hard  bwoy  o" 
nine,  Why  John  (Coll,  L.L.B.) ;  A  '  hard  boy '  means  a  boy  of  such 
an  age  and  stoutness  as  to  be  able  to  do  almost  or  quite  a  man's 
work,  a  boy  from  16  to  19  years  of  age  (O.P.C.) ;  BARNES  Gl. 
(1863).  Som.  Hard  people,  adults,  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng. 
(1825) ;  Full  grown,  as  hard  stock  or  sheep.  Hardboy,  a  boy  of 
about  13  years  old,  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873) ;  (W.F.R.)  w.Som.1  The 
word  does  not  mean  full-grown — it  rather  means  growing.  A 
'  hard  boy '  is  a  most  common  description  of  a  strong  lad,  fit  to 
work.  So  we  hear  of  a  '  hard  colt,'  '  hard  slips '  (young  pigs  of 
either  sex),  a  '  hard  maid' — this  means  a  strong,  growing  lass. 

Hence  Hardish,  adj.  strong,  robust,  well-grown. 

Wil.  When  I  wur  up  a  ardish  bwoy,  Rhymes,  5th  S.  136; 
(G.E.D.)  Dor.1  When  I'wer  up  a  hardish  lad,  254.  Som.  When 
he  was  up  a  hardish  lad,  and  without  thought,  RAYMOND  Love  and 
Quiet  Life  ^1894)  207  ;  Joseph  Pierce  !  whom  he  had  known  from 
the  first — who  was  up  a  hardish  lad  when  he  was  a  child,  ib.  Men 
o  Mendip  (1898)  iii. 

5.  Close-fisted,  grasping,  penurious,  miserly ;  covetous. 
Per.  We  a'  ken  ye  for  a  hard  thrifty  body  at  winna  spend  yer 

ain,  gin  ye  can  finger  ither  folks,  CLELAND  Inchbracken  (1883)  60, 
ed.  1887.  Ayr.  As  he  grew  up  he  was  counted  a  hard  man, 
SERVICE  Notandums  (1890)  9.  Lnk.  I'm  surely  no  so  desperate 
hard  as  a'  that,  ROY  Generalship  (ed.  1895)  120.  Ir.  I  was  never 
much  acquainted  with  the  Donovans.  I'm  tould  they're  a  hard 
pack,  that  loves  the  money,  CARLETON  Fardorougha  (1848)  i. 
N.I.1  n.Yks.4  He's  a  hard  un  ti  bargain  wi'.  w.Yks.  THOKESBY 
Lett.  (1703) ;  w.Yks.4 

6.  Of  spirits:  strong,  undiluted,  raw. 

Abd.  Ye're  maybe  jist  as  weel  nae  to  meddle  wi'  the  hard  stuff 
till  your  beard's  a  bit  langer,  GREIG  Logic  o'  Buchan  (1899)  10. 
Ir.  You  must  put  a  grain  o'  shugar  an'  a  dhrop  o'  bilin'  wather  to 
it.  It  may  do  very  well  hard  for  the  servants,  CARLETON  Far- 
dorougha  (1848)  i.  N.I.1  [Aus.  To  those  who  are  used  to  it  cool 
bitter  beer  goes  well  in  any  kind  of  weather.  Anything  is  better 
than  the  confounded  hard  stuff!  BOLDREWOOD  Colon.  Reformer 
^1890)  I.  viii.] 

Hence  Hard,  sb.  whisky,  esp.  in  phr.  the  hard. 

Inv.  (H.E.F.)  Lnk.  Ne'er  a  sup  o'  saft  or  hard  to  drink  But 
ginger,  lemonade,  an'  sic-like  trash,  COGHILL  Poems  (1890)  129. 

7.  Of  ale  or  beer  :  sour,  acid,  sharp. 

Sc.  (A.W.)  Lakel.2Thisyal'sashardasawhinstun.  Cum.1  Wm. 
T'leetnin'  turned  t'yal  hard  (B.K.I.  n.Yks.1.  w.Yks.1, Chs.1,  s.Chs.1, 
Der.2,  nw.Der.1  n.Lin. '  This  aale  o'  yours  is  uncommon  hard.  s.Lin. 
The  aale's  gone  that  hard  the  men  saa'  they  weant  drink  eny  moore 
on  it  (.T.H.RA  Nhp.1  The  beer  is  hard.  War.3,  Hnt  (T.P.F.) 
w.Som.1  Good  hard  cider's  best  to  work  by. 

8.  Half-drunk.     Yks.  (HALL.),  w.Yks  4 

9.  A  term  used  in  fitting  in  joinery,  masonry,  &c. ;  see 

Cal.1  Having  certain  inequalities  of  surface  which  prevent  close 
contactat  parts.  At  such  places  the  surfaces  are  said  to  be  hard,  i.  e. 
something  must  be  pared  off  to  make  a  perfect  fit.  Abd.  When 
two  pieces  of  wood,  &c.  that  are  to  be  fitted  together,  are  close  at 
one  place  and  not  at  another,  they  are  said  to  be  hard  where  they 
thus  come  into  close  contact  (JAM.). 

Hence  Hard,  sb.  the  place  where  two  pieces  of  wood 
join  too  closely  together.  Abd.  (ib.) 

10.  Convex  as  opposed  to  concave. 

w.Som.1  In  planing  a  true  surface,  any  convex  part  is  said  to  be 
hard  ;  if  concave,  'slack.'  nw.Dev.1  Used  in  mow-making  in  the 
sense  of  convex.  '  I  zim  the  moo's  purty  hard  jis'  yur,'  i.  e.  certain 
sheaves  project  at  this  point. 

11.  adv.   Of  the  wind  :  fiercely,  strongly. 

Sc.  (A.W.)  Lakel.2  When  t'wind  blows  hard  frae  Stowgill  eyast. 
Cum.4,  Yks.  (J.W.) 

12.  Tightly,  firmly,  securely. 

Sh.I.  He  put  on  his  waescot,  an'  tied  da  tow  o'  his  left  rivlin  a 
corn  harder,  Sti.  News  (Aug.  7,  1897).  e.Yks.  NICHOLSON  Flt-Sp. 
(1889)  66. 

13.  Quickly,  very  fast. 

N.I.1  Now  run  hard.      e.Yks.  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  (1889)  66 

w.Yks.  (J.W.)  n.Lin.1  Th'  gress'll  graw  hard  enif  noo  this  sup  o' 
raain's  cum'd.  ne.Wor.  He  allus  goes  as  "ard  as  'e  can  tear 
(J.W.P.).  Cor.  Then  I  up  on  my  horse  and  galloped  away  as  hard 
as  I  could,  BARING-GOULD  Vicar  (1876)  vi. 

14.  Loudly,  out  loud  ;  aloud. 

Dev.  A  farmer,  on  being  asked  to  read  through  a  document 
before  signing  it,  said  to  me,  '  Must  I  read  it  hard  ? '  Reports 
Provinc.  (1897)  '•  Speak  harder  for  I  can't  hear  you,  ib.  (1884)  20; 
'  Whot's  Bet  blazing  about  now,  then  ? '  '  Aw,  I  dawn't  know ; 
'tez  the  likes  ov  she  tfi  holly  za  'ard's  "er  can,'  HEWETT  Peas.  Sp. 
(1892)  53  ;  Dev.1  Than  telling  to  hiszell,  and  bamby  out  hard,  2. 
nw.Dev.'  Spaik  harder ;  I  can't  yur  ee. 

15.  Much. 

n.Yks.4  It  ficked  that  hard,  whahl  Ah  c'u'dn't  ho'd  it.  w.Yks. 
(J.W.)  Chs.3  Oo  fretted  very  hard. 

16.  Obs.    Too. 

Hrf.  '  Hard  high,'  too  high.  '  Hard  low,"  too  low,  RAY  (1691) 
MS.  add.  (J.C.)  101. 

17.  sb.    Fig.   Difficulty,  hardship,  esp.  in  phr.  to  come 
through  the  hard,  to  encounter   difficulties,  experience 
adverse  fortune. 

Sc.  (JAM.)  Abd.  A  plain  North-country  bard,  Who  fain  would 
cripple  thro'  the  hard,  SHIRREFS  Sale  Calal.  (1795)  3.  Lnk.  The 
bits  o'  bairns  run  a  great  risk  o'  coming  through  the  hard,  ROY 
Generalship  (ed.  1895)  73. 

Hence  Hardship,  sb.  a  difficulty,  strait. 

Sh.I.  He  was  tellin  me  what  a  hardship  he  was  in  fir  meal  dis 
year,  afore  he  got  it  aff  da  eart,  STEWART  Tales  (1892)  17. 

18.  pi.   That  part  of  boiled  food  which  sticks  to  the  pot ; 
thin,  hard  cakes  that  come  off  the  sides  of  a  pot  in  which 
porridge,  &c.  has  been  prepared.    Also  in  form  hardens. 
Lnk.  (JAM.) 

19.  pi.   The  calx  of  coal  from  a  forge ;  very  hard  iron 
cinders.    e.An.1,  Suf.1,  e.Suf.  (F.H.) 

20.  A   firm  foreshore  or   gravelly  landing-place  in   a 
harbour  or  creek  ;  a  wharf,  landing-place. 

Nhb.  The  '  Brotherly  Love '  wis  lyin  on  the  hard  at  Alum  House 
Ham  (R.O.H.)  ;  Nhb.1  Ess.  Under  the  cliff  was  a  good  beach, 
termed  a  '  hard,'  BARING-GOULD  Mehalah  1.1885:  3.  Hmp.1  Cor. 
Tarring  of  boats  on  the  hard,  PEARCE  Inconsequent  Lives,  22.  [At 
lour  minutes  to  three  the  Cambridge  crew  left  the  Leander  hard, 
Standard  (Mar.  28,  1887)  3.] 

21.  A  hard  patch  of  land  in  a  marsh  ;  land  bordering  the 
turf-moor  marshes.    Also  used  attrib. 

Nhp.2  Applied  in  the  fenny  districts  to  those  patches  of  land 
which,  from  superior  elevation,  or  other  causes,  remain  hard  and 
dry  during  the  winter  season.  Cmb.  Leaving  the  hurds  of  Denny 
Abbey  upon  the  east,  Reports  Agric.  (1793-1813)  129.  Nrf.  That 
warn't  no  swamp  mash,  but  a  hard  mash,  EMERSON  Son  of  Fens 
1,1892)  197  ;  The  swan  dearly  loves  a  'hard'  covered  with  weed, 
ib.  Birds  (ed.  1895)  215;  (P.H.E.)  [It  consists  of  a  flat,  inter- 
spersed with  small  elevations  and  hills,  which,  to  distinguish  from 
the  flat  are  called  hard  lands,  STEPHENS  Fa>mBk.(cd.  1849)  1.490.] 

22.  The  stoned  part  of  a  road  as  distinguished  from  the 

Lin.  The  middle  of  a  road  is  ...  called  '  the  hard  '  to  distinguish 
it  from  the  sides,  which  are  not  stoned.  There  was  a  trial  at 
Lincoln  assizes  concerning  certain  encroachments  .  .  .  made  on  a 
highway.  .  .  One  chief  matter  in  dispute  was  whether  land  had 
been  taken  in  within  fifteen  feet  of  the  middle  of  the  '  hard.'  The 
'  hard '  is  sometimes  used  to  distinguish  a  raised  footpath  from  the 
rest  of  the  highway.  This  however  is  uncommon,  N.  (f  Q.  (1881) 
6th  S.  iv.  38.  n.Lin.1 

23.  A  small  marble.    Som.  (HALL.) 

24.  pi.    Torches  made  of  rags  dipped  in  tar. 

Sc.  When  rags  dipped  in  tar  are  employed  [as  torches]  they  are 
called  Hards,  probably  from  the  French,  SCOTT  Guy  M.  (1815) 
xxvi,  note. 

HARD,  see  Earth,  sb.1,  Herd,  sb. 

HARDAH,  sb.    Cor.12    Elvan  rock. 

HARDEN,  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Not.  Lin. 
Lei.  War.  Wor.  Shr.  Hrf.  Also  in  forms  hardest  Sh.I. ; 
hardin  Sc.  QAM.)  Abd.  Lakel.2  n.Yks.  w.Yks.2;  harding 
n.Yks.14  ne.  Yks.1  m.  Yks.1  w.Yks.8;  hardowSh.L;  haren 
Nhb.1;  harn  Sc.  QAM.)  Cai.1  N.Cy.1Nhb.1n.Yks.124m.Yks.1; 
harran  e.Fif. ;  barren  N.Cy/ ;  hearn  Nhb.1 ;  herden 
se.Wor.1  Shr.1 ;  burden  Lei.1  War.28  Wor.  Shr.1  Hrf.2 
|h)a'rdon,  harn,  h)srdin.]  1.  Very  coarse  cloth  made 




from  the  refuse  or  'hards '  of  flax  and  hemp  ;  sack-cloth. 
Also  used  attrib.  and  Jig.    See  Hards. 

Sh.I.  Before  the  introduction  of  cotton  goods,  linen  and  hardow 
were  the  only  bed  and  body  material  in  the  house.  Hardow  cloth 
was  made  from  lint,  very  imperfectly  dressed,  a  great  portion  of 
the  rind  still  adhering  to  the  fibre,  Sft.  News  (Aug.  7, 1897).  ne.Sc. 
With  regard  to  the  weather,  the  saw  is  :  'A  harn  Monanday 
macks  a  linen  week,'  GREGOR  Flk-Lore  (1881)  149.  Cai.1  Bnff. 
Gallowses,  Hams,  Beet  Hose  .  .  .  were  ingeniously  arranged, 
GORDON  Chron.  Keith  (1880)  74.  Abd.  His  hardin  sark  as  white  's 
the  driven  snaw,  Guidman  Inglismaill  (1873)  32-  Frf-  His  bare 
elbows  were  seen  through  his  frockie  o'  harn,  WATT  Poet.  Sketches 
(1880)  54.  Per.  Seyin'  sowens  and  spinnin'  harn,  SPENCE  Poems 
(1898)  142.  e.Per.  As  coorse  as  Coupar  harn  (W.A.C.  j.  Fif. 
Item — For  harden  to  be  jumps  to  them,  £3  los.  od.,  ANDREWS 
Bygone  Cli.  Life  (1899)  189.  Dmb.  Weel  fed  wi'  brose  and  sarked 
wi'  harn,  SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  12.  Ayr.  Her  cutty  sark  o' 
Paisley  harn,  BURNS  Tarn  o'  Shanter  (1790)  1.  171.  Lnk.  A  good 
stock  of  harn  and  linen  cloth,  HAMILTON  Poems  (1865)  201.  Edb. 
Ye  ne'er  wad  gat  mair  leave  to  skip  On  skin  or  harn,  LIDDLE 
Poems  (1821)  51.  Slk.  A  strong  harn  shirt,  clean  as  a  lily,  CHR. 
NORTH  Nodes  (ed.  1856)  II.  337.  n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790) ;  N.Cy.1 
Nhb.  BRAND  Pop.  Antiq.  (ed.  1870)  I.  208 ;  Nhb.1  Sometimes  applied 
to  a  coarse  thread.  Dur.1  Lakel.1  Very  rough  and  coarse  linen 
used  in  the  last  century  for  jackets  and  overcoats  ;  Lakel.2  n.Yks. 
A  bit  9  kuors  harden  maksgiudruftuils  (W.H.)  ;  n.Yks.1;  n.Yks.2 
'A  wide-setten  harn  appron,'  a  rough  apron  of  open  texture; 
n.Yks.4  ne.Yks.1  Wheer's  my  au'd  hard'n  appron  ?  e.Yks.1, 
m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Hawkin  harden  o'ther  awn  manifacter,  LUCAS 
Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882)  217  ;  A  rough  harden  apron  is  much 
used  by  cottage  housewives  to  cover  up  the  dress,  while  working 
(J.T.) ;  w.Yks.12;  w.Yks.5  A  finer  kind  of  canvass,  of  which 
towels,  aprons  for  house-work,  and  '  brats,'  too,  sometimes,  are 
made,  &c.  s.Not.  (J.P.K.)  Lin.  THOMPSON  Hist.  Boston  (1856) 
709  ;  Lin.1,  sw.Lin.1,  Lei.1  War.2  Flower  [flour]  of  England,  fruit 
of  Spain,  Met  together  in  a  storm  of  rain,  A  hempen  shirt,  and  a 
hurden  cravat,  If  you're  a  wise  man,  tell  me  that,  Old  Riddle. 
Ans.  A  plum-pudding;  War.3  Wor.  An  undergarment,  called  in  the 
country  language  a  '  hurden,'  or  'hoggen'  shirt,  made  of  the  coarsest 
of  the  hemp,  Wil.  Arch.  Mag.  XXVI.  7.  ne.Wor.  ( 
Shr.1  The  waiver's  maden  a  nice  piece  o'  'uckaback  of  the  'erden 
yorn — it'll  do  mighty  well  for  the  men's  tablecloths.  Hrf.2A  hurden 
mother  isbetterthanagolden  father  [aroughhard-workingmother]. 
Hence  Harn'd,  adj.  made  of  strong  coarse  linen. 
Rnf.  Hetook  hisweelharn'd weddin'sark,BARRPo««,s(i86i)5o. 
2.  Comp.  (i)  Harden-  or  Harn-brat,  a  long  pinafore  or 
outer  garment  made  of '  harden  '  or  coarse  hempen  cloth  ; 
(2)  -cloth,  a  coarse  hempen  cloth  used  in  wrapping  bales, 
&c- !  (3)  -gown,  a  sackcloth  or  coarse  linen  garment  worn 
as  a  penitent's  gown;  see  below;  (4)  -jacket,  (a)  a  loose 
and  light  jacket  worn  over  the  shirt  when  stripped  for 
work  ;  (b)  a  top  shirt  made  of  coarse  linen  ;  (5)  -kytle,  a 
loose  jacket  worn  by  girls  when  employed  in  tending 
cattle  or  in  outdoor  work  ;  (6)  -pock  or  -poke,  a  bag  or 
sack  made  of  coarse  cloth  ;  (7)  -sark,  (a)  a  coarse  linen 
or  hempen  shirt ;  (b)  a  kind  of  overall  made  of  coarse 
linen  ;  (8)  -wab,  a  web  of  coarse  cloth. 

(i)  Lakel.2  m.Yks.1  A  harding  brat,  hempen  pinafore ;  or  a 
long  outer  garment  of  the  kind,  with  or  without  sleeves,  and  only 
seen  in  town  districts.  (2)  Cum.  The  Cumberland  clergyman  in 
former  times  received  as  part  of  his  remuneration  a  '  sark  of 
harden  cloth,'  SULLIVAN  Cum.andWm.  (1857)  87;  Cum.4  Not  much 
used  now.  Wm.  Shirts  of  this  cloth  were  apt  to  make  too  free 
with  the  skin,  from  their  natural  inflexibility.  To  render  them  a 
little  more  tractable  and  kindly,  they  were  taken  to  some  neighbour- 
ing brook,  where  there  was  a  battling  stone  :  .  .  being  steeped  in 
the  water,  were  laid  in  folds  upon  the  stone,  and  beat  with  a 
battling  wood,  Lonsdale Mag.  (1822)  III.  291.  (3)  Sc.  An  offender, 
judged  to  perform  a  public  penance  on  this  [repentance]  stool, 
was  first  clothed  in  an  appropriate  habit,  the  Scottish  representa- 
tive of  the  traditional  white  sheet,  which  consisted  of  a  cloak  of 
coarse  linen,  known  as  the  '  harden  goun,'  the  '  harn  goun,'  or 
the  'sack  goun,'  ANDREWS  Bygone  Ch.  Life  (1899)  in;  The 
'  sacken  sark'  had  a  variety  of  names,  such  as  the  '  harden  gown,' 
the  '  sack  gown,'  the  '  harn  gown,'  and  '  the  linen.'  Each  parish 
was  supposed  to  have  one  of  these  habits,  GRAHAM  Writings 
(1883).  (4,  5)  Cum.14  (6)  Per.  (W.A.C.)  e.Fif.  Drawin'  frae 
his  oxter  pouch  a  dirty  harran-poke,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  iv. 
Lin.  The  mice  charmed  the  harden  poke  and  let  out  the  chisels, 
MILLER  &  SKERTCHLY  Fenland  (1878)  iv.  (7,  a)  Sc.  The  hard 

harn  sark  plaid  clash  between  his  legs  like  a  wet  dish  clout, 
GRAHAM  Writings  (1883)  II.  37 ;  The  whole  front  of  his  pure 
white  harn  sark,  OCHILTREE  Redburn  (1895)  ii.  Sh.I.  Perhaps 
very  few  people  living  in  this  Diamond  Jubilee  Year,  have  ever 
seen  a  hardest  sark,  Sh.  News  (Aug.  7,  1897).  Or.I.  The  limpet 
bro'  began  to  rin  Atween  his  harn  sark  an'  his  skin,  Paety  Toral 
(1880)  1.  100,  in  ELLIS /Vo«««ir.  (1889)  V.  800.  Kcd.  Wi'  naething 
save  his  harn  sark  Upon  his  dreepin'  back,  GRANT  Lays  (1884)  4. 
(A)  Dur.1,  Lakel.1  Cum.  Originally  the  Westcote  priest  had  been 
paid  by '  clog-shoon,  harden-sark,whittle-gait,and  guse-gait,'  LINTON 
Lizzie  Lorton  (1867)  xiv.  (8)  w.Sc.  Every  sparge  that  gaed  frae 
my  fit  was  like  a  harn-wab,  CARRICK  Laird  of  Logan  (1835)  162. 
3.  The  tarred  tow  or  oakum  used  for  caulking  the  seams 
of  ships.  Nhb.1 

HARDEN,  v.  and  adj.  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks. 
Lan.  Stf.  Lin.  War.  Shr.  Hrf.  Oxf.  Brks.  Also  in  forms 
hairnCum.14;  harn  N.I.1  Uls.  Cum.14;  haurn  Sc.  QAM.); 
hurden  War.24  s.War.1  Oxf.  Brks.  1.  v.  To  be  obdurate, 
incorrigible.  Used  in  pass. 

m.Yks.1  A  motherwill  exclaim,  on  observing  a  toddling  child  dip- 
ping its  fingers  in  a  cream-bowl,'  He's  hardened  to  the  haft.'  s.Stf. 
Yo'  ca'  talk  him  o'er,  he's  tu  hardened,  PINNOCK  Blk.  Cy.Ann.  ( 1895) . 

Hence  Hardened,///,  adj.  used  as  a  term  of  reproach. 

m.Yks.1  Very  common  in  opprobrium.  '  Thou  harden'd  thief." 
w.Yks.  (J.W.),  Oxf.  (G.O.) 

2.  To  encourage,  incite,  urge  on.    Gen.  with  on  or  up. 
Also  used  reflex. 

n.Yks.Thoo  harden'd  om  on  (T.S.)  ;  n.Yks.1  '  He  hardened  him 
on  tiv  it ';  of  a  person  reluctant  or  afraid  to  act,  but  encouraged 
by  another  to  the  venture.  '  Poor  lahtle  chap  !  he  ommost  brak' 
out  when  tahm  cam'  te  gan  i'  airnest  ;  but  he  hardened  hissel' 
oop  an  niver  grat  nae  mair  an  nowght ;  n.Yks.2 ;  n.Yks.4  Ah 
deean't  leyke  t'job,  bud  Ah  s'all  a'e  ti  harden  mysel  til 't.  ne.Yks.1 
He  hardened  hissen  up  at  last.  He's  awlus  hardenin  'em  on  intiv 
a  mischief.  e.Yks.  When  lads  was  fightin,  Tom  harden'd  em  on 
all  he  could,  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  (1889)  66.  w.Yks.  They're  ready 
enough  abaht  hard'nin  'em  on,  BANKS  Wkfld.  Wds.  (1865; ;  w.Yks.2 
Lan.  Hardenin  me  on  to  make  a  bigger  foo  of  misel,  CLEGG 
Sketches  (1895)  472.  sw.Lin.1  They  harden  one  another  on. 
George  kep'  hardening  on  him  on  to  come. 

3.  To  roast  on  the  embers ;  to  toast  bread  on  a  griddle. 
Sc.  Oh  to  be  haurning  bread  at  my  aunt's  hearthstane,  Blackw. 

Mag.  ^May  1820,  165  (JAM.).  Bwk.  Knuckled  Cakes  .  .  .  haurned, 
or  havered  [toasted]  on  the  decayed  embers  of  the  fire,  HENDER- 
SON Pop.  Rhymes  (1856)  66.  Slk.  She  .  .  .  has  a  gift  at  haurning 
bread,  HOGG  Tales  (1838)  282,  ed.  1866.  Dmf.  Knuckled  cakes, 
made  of  meal,  warm  from  the  mill,  haurned  on  the  decayed  embers 
of  the  fire,  and  smeared  with  honey,  CROMEK  Remains  (1810) 
337;  A  common  term  in  Nithsdale  (JAM/,.  N.I.1  Uls.  Hardening 
bread,  cooking  it  against  the  mudyarn  before  the  fire,  or  on  a 
griddle,  Uls.  Jrn.  Arch.  (1853-1862)  V.  99. 

4.  To  dry  or  air  clothes,  &c.,  by  holding  them  to  the  fire, 
or  by  hanging  them  out  in  the  open  air. 

Cum.14,  ne.Lan.1  Shr.1  Mind  as  yo'  'ard'n  them  things  afore 
yo' putten  'em  away;  Shr.2  Shr.,  Hrf.  BOUND  Provinc.  (1876). 
Oxf.  '  Harden  '  is  com.  used  on  days  which  are  not  good  for  dry- 
ing. '  I  think  I  will  hang  the  clothes  out :  if  it  don't  dry  it  will  harden 
them.'  Clothes  are  not  dry  when  hardened  :  just  the  worst  of  the 
wet  taken  out  of  them.  The  drying  is  completed  by  hanging  them 
in  front  of  a  fire  (G.O.) ;  Oxf.1  'Ang  the  things  out,  Nancy;  if  it 
dun't  wet  um  '11  'arden,  MS.  add. 

5.  Of  the  weather  :  to  clear  up  and  become  settled  after 
rain.     Gen.  with  out  or  up. 

Cai.1  Bnff.1  We've  hid  eneuch  o'  rain  noo.  A  howp  it'll 
harden  up.  n.Yks.  I  think  it  will  harden  out  innoo  (I.W.)  ; 
n.Yks.1  '  It's  to  be  hoped  't  will  harden  out ' ;  said  when  a  rainy 
fit  in  harvest-time  appeared  to  be  likely  to  giveway  to  fair  weather; 
n.Yks.2  'The  day  will  harden  out,'  the  rain  will  keep  off.  '  We 
want  t'weather  te  harden  up  a  bit,'  to  become  dry ;  n.Yks.4  It's 
neea  ewse  to'ning  t'hay,  whahl  it  hardens  up  a  bit.  ne.Yks.1  It'll 
a'e  ti  harden  oot  afoor  wa  git  onny  matters  o'  sun.  w.Yks. 
(C.C.R.),  w.Yks.3 

Hence  Hardening  of  the  drouth,  phr.  a  continuance  or 
settlement  of  dry  weather. 

Cld.  This  term  is  used  by  country  people,  when,  during  a  time 
of  drouth,  a  dull  threatening  day  has  become  clear  and  settled : 
It  was  jist  a  hardenin'  o'  the  drouth '  (JAM.). 

6.  Of  prices  :  to  advance,  grow  dear,  heighten. 
Sc.(A.W.)     n.Cy.  BAILEY  (1721);  GROSE  (1790);  N.Cy.1 ;  N.Cy.2 

The  market  hardens,'  things  grow  dear.     Nhb.1     w.Yks.1  T'corn 





rayther  hardens;  w.Yks.8  'Wheat's  hard'ning  agean  ah  reckon,' — 
getting  up  again  I  suppose. 

7.  arf/.CbwA.(i)Harden-face,a  bold, brazen-faced  person; 
(2)  -faced,  (a)  impertinent,  brazen-faced;   hard-hearted; 
(b)  oftheweather:  threatening,lowering,gloomy,unsettled. 

(i)  m.Yks.1  ,2,  a)  n.Yks.2  'A  harden-faced  fellow,'  a  delin- 
quent without  showing  signs  of  repentance.  m.Yks.1  Thou 
harden'-faced  brute  ! — thou's  no  pity  in  thee  !  Lin.  STREATFEILD 
Liu.  and  Danes  (1884)  336.  n.Lin.*  A  harden-faaced  huzzy. 
s.Lln.  Yah'd  better  mind,  or  I'll  gi'e  you  a  taaste  o'  my  strap,  yah 
young  harden-faSced  rascal.  He's  a  harden-faaced  skin-flint 
(T.H.R.).  (A)  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  The  sky  looks  a  harden-faced 
look  ;  n.Yks.4,  m.Yks.1 

8.  Of  the  weather  :  windy,  drying ;  cold,  bleak. 

War.  Leamington  Courier  (Mar.  13, 1897)  ;  War.24  s.War.1  It's 
hurden  weather  now.  Oxf.  It  is  such  hurden  weather  (M.A.R.). 
Brks.  (W.H.Y.) 

HARDENING,  vbl.  sb.    Chs.1    Same  as  Basoning  (q.v.). 

HARDENS,  sb.  pi.  Bdf.  Small  pieces  of  sward  at  the 
ends  of  ploughed  land,  on  which  the  horses  turn. 

BATCHELOR  Anal.  Eng.  Lang.  (1809)  135. 

HARDESS,  sb.  Irel.  The  hard-twisted  and  gummed 
silk  thread  usedfornetting.  Ant. GROSE ( 1790) MS.  add.  (C.) 

HARDEST,  see  Harden,  sb. 

HARDFULLY,  adv.    Cum.     Industriously. 

Cum.1  He  gits  his  leevin  reel  hardfully  ;  Cum.4 

HARD-HEAD(S,  sb.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and 
Eng.  1.  A  boys'  game  ;  see  below.  Cf.  hardy-nut. 

w.Yks.  Two  lads  have  each  a  chestnut,  or  a  cork,  strung  on  a 
string,  and  take  alternate  turns  at  striking  at  each  other's  chestnut 
with  a  view  to  breaking  it  (H.L.). 

2.  A  hard  felt  hat. 

Der.  The  miller's  Sunday  hard-head  was  on  its  proper  hook, 
GUSHING  Voe  (1888)  II.  iii. 

3.  A  hard  cinder  found  in  furnaces.    Also  called  crozzil 
(q.v.).  w.Yks.8    4.  The  refuse  of  tin  after  smelting.  Cor.12 

5.  A  small  coin  of  mixed  metal. 

Sc.  An  ancient  Scotch  coin  value  three  pennies  Scotch  or  one 
farthing  Engl.  (De  Cardonnel's  Numism.  Scotiae),  GROSE  (1790)^/5. 
add.  (C.)  Ayr.  Bonnet  Pieces,  Testoons,  Hard  Heads  or  Non 
Sunts,  and  Bawbees,  SERVICE  Notandums  (1890)  68. 

6.  The  grey  gurnard,  Trig/a  gurnardus. 

Fif.  NEILL  Fishes  (1810)  14  i  JAM.).     [  SATCHELL  (1879).] 

7.  A  kind  of  sea-scorpion,  prob.  the  fatherlasher,  Coitus 

Fif.  Scorpius  major  noslras;   our  fishers  called  it  Hard-head, 

SlBBALD  Hist.  Fif.  (1803)  128  (JAM.). 

8.  The  lake-trout,  Salmo  lacnstris. 

Cum.  We  conjecture  that  this  is  the  fish  called  in  the  Lakes  of 
Derwent,  Bassenthwaite,  &c.,Hard  Head,  HUTCHINSON  Hist.  Cum. 
(X794)  '•  46°;  Cum.1  ;  Cum.4  A  large  (out-grown)  kind  of  trout 
found  in  the  Esk,  Irt,  Mite,  Bleng  and  Calder  rivers.  It  has  also 
been  caught  in  Wastwater. 

9.  The  black  knapweed,  Centaurea  nigra. 

Nhb.1  Called  also  'horse-nobs.'  Cum.4,  w.Yks.  (W.M.E.F.), 
w.Yks.1,  ne.Lan.1,  Chs.1,  s.Chs.1,  n.Lin.1,  Wor.  (J.R.W.)  Shr. 
Why  it  brings  nowt  but  snizzle  grass  and  hardyeds,  Science  Gossip 
( 1870)  337 ;  Shr.1  The  hard  globose  heads  of  Centaurea  nigra,  black 
Knapweed.  s.Ptm.  (W.M.M.\  Glo.1,  Wil.1  Wil.,  Dor.  Hard- 
heads ...  is  at  Lyneham  and  Whitchurch  given  to  the  Knapweeds, 
Sarum  Dioc.  Gazette  (Jan.  1891)  14,  col.  3.  Dor.  (G.E.D.),  Cor.12 

10.  The  greater  knapweed,  Centaurea  Scabiosa.    Glo.1 

11.  The  plantain,  Plantago  major  and  P.  lanceolata. 
w.Yks.   (W.M.E.F.)      ne-Lan.1   The   seed-heads    of    plantain. 

Wor.  (J.R.W.)  Wil.  Spear-plantain  ...  the  Hawkchurch  name 
of  the  plant  [is]  Hard-heads,  Sarum  Dioc.  Gazette  (Jan.  1801)  14, 
col.  a.  Dor.  (G.E.D.),  Dev.4,  Cor.12 

12.  The  sneeze-wort,   Achillea  Ptarmica.    Ayr.  Agric. 
Surv.  675  (JAM.). 

13.  The  scabious,  Scabiosa  Succisa.  Lan.*    14.  The  corn- 
cockle, Lychnis  Githago.     Nhb.  (B.  &  H.)      15.  The  cow- 
parsnip,  Heracleum  Sphondylium.    Glo.1 

16.  A  large,  sour  apple. 

Lakel.2  Sowen  gurt  apples,  an'  as  hard  as  granite. 
HARDISHE,  sb.    Obs.    Wxf.1    A  thing. 
O  hardlshe  o'  anoor  [One  thing  or  another]. 
Harvest-shrew,  Harl. 

HARDLEYS,  adv.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks.  Also  written 
hardlies  Sc.  QAM.  Suppl.)  Nhb.1 ;  bardlys  Nhb.  m.Yks.1 ; 
and  in  forms  hadleys  n.Cy.  (HALL.)  ;  hairly,  barleys 
Cum.14  Hardly,  scarcely.  Cf.  hardlings. 

Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.)  n.Cy.  (HALL.),  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Thoo's  hardlys 
sae  mazed,  eftherarl,  or  thoo  wouldn't  could  ha'thowt  on,S.  Tyne- 
dale  Stud.  (1896)  Robbie  Armstrong;  Nhb.1  He'd  hardlies  getten 
there  when  it  happened.  Ye's  hardlies  catch  the  train,  aa  doot. 
Cum.  He  hardleys  can  grease  his  awn  clogs,  ANDERSON  Ballads 
(1805)  92;  Cum.1;  Cum.4  Tekin  to  keepin' another  man's  bairn, 
when  he  can  arlies  keep  hissel,  Rosenthal,  15.  m.Yks.1  I  was  that 
tired  I  could  hardlys  step  a  foot. 

HARDLINGS,  adv.  n.Cy.  Dur.  Lakel.  Cum.  Yks.  Stf. 
Not.  Lin.  Also  in  forms  ardlins  Yks. ;  haadlinse.Yks.1 ; 
hadlins  n.Cy.  (HALL.);  hardlins  Dur.1  Lakel.2  n.Yks.2 
e.Yks.  w.Yks.1  Stf.  Not.  n.Lin.  [h)a-rd-,  h)a'dlinz.] 
Hardly,  scarcely. 

n.Cy.  (HALL/,  Dur.1,  Lakel.2  Cum.  Ah'm  hardlings  worth 
savin';  Ah  ken  that,  CLARE  Rise  of  River  (1897)  199;  My  hand 
can  hardlins  find  it,  GILPIN  Pop.  Poetry  (1875)  55.  n.Yks. 
Noo,  my  lad,  thoo  asn't  ardlins  iver  seen  ony  partridges  this 
mornin  ommost?  FRANK  Fishing  (1894)  30;  Ah  hardlins  knew 
how  te  git  yam  efter't,  TWEDDELL  Clevel.  Rhymes  (1875)  36; 
n.Yks.124,  ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.  His  ayms  began  ti  wahk,  whahl  he 
cud  hardlins  bahd,  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  Vi889)  36;  e.Yks.1  Ah 
can  haadlins  crammle  [crawl]  alang.  w.Yks.  Aw  can  hardlins 
beleeve  mi  awn  een,  HARTLEY  Clock  Aim.  (1874)  Pref. ;  Ha  doant 
naw  ha  foaks  cud  help  it  ardlins,  ROGERS  Nan  Bunt  (1839)  a  • 
w.Yks.1;  w.Yks.5  Av  hardlings  gotten 't  done  yet.  Its  hardlings 
the  thing  ;  hamsumivver  lehr  it  goa  !  Stf.  I  can  hardlins  move 
aboutattimes,  FLETCHER  l^apcntake  (1895)23;  Common  near  New- 

7~<i/«(i886)  77;  n.Lin.1  Ther's  hardlin'stime  to  catch  th'packitnoo. 

HARDLY,  adj.  Yks.  Lan.   Hardy,  robust,  strong;  hard. 

w.Yks.  She  was  a  very  hardly  woman,  she  used  to  come  and 
scold  at  my  mother  when  she  was  laid  up  with  her  headache  and 
say,  '  What,  gurning  [crying,  shirking]  again  '  (E.L.) ;  (C.C.R.) 
Lan.  Being  of  a  fresh  complexion  and  not  very  hardly,  'twas  much 
to  be  questioned  whether  the  cittie  aire  would  agree  with  her, 
Life  A.  Martindale  (1685)  6,  ed.  1845. 

HARDOW,  see  Harden,  sb. 

HARDS,  Sc.Yks.Chs. Midi. Stf.  Der. Not.  Lin. Lei. 
War. Wor.  Shr.  Hrf.  Rdn.  e.An.  AlsoinformsherdesShr.1; 
herds  nw.Der.1  War.2  w.Wor.1  se.Wor.1  Hrf.2  ;  huerds 
Chs.1 ;  hurds  Yks.  Stf.  (K.)  Lei.1  War.23  s.Wor.  Shr.1  Rdn.1 
Nrf.  [hardz,  h)adz,adz.]  The  coarse  refuse  of  flax  or  hemp, 
tow ;  the  worked  fibre  of  flax  or  hemp.  Rarely  in  sniff. 

Sc.  (jAM.^Cai.1    Kcd.  She  held  the  herd  on  the  beam,  And  gar 'd 

the  treddles  ply,  JAMIE  Muse  ,18441  135.    Yks.  (K.)    w.Yks.  Rags 

from  closely  woven  cloth,  that  is  of  the  kind  gen.  worn  by  men 

M.F.);  w.Yks.24  Chs.iNovvcalledyerds.  Midi., Stf. (K.)  nw.Der.1, 

"Not.2,  n.Lin.',  Lei.1,   War.2",  w.Wor.1,  s.Wor.  (H.K.),  se.Wor.1 

Shr.Thesmall  pieces  of  coarse  matted  linen  used  to  stuff  mattresses, 

the  refuse  of  flax  or  hemp,  the  unravelling  of  twine,  BOUND  Provinc. 

^1876; ;  Shr.1  Obsol.     Hrf.2,  Rdn.1,  e.An.1     Nrf.  GROSE  (1790). 

[Hyrdys  or  herdys  of  flax  or  hempe,  stuppa,  Prompt. ; 
A  sukkenye  That  not  of  hempene  herdes  was,  CHAUCER 
R.  Rose,  1233.  OE.  heordan  (Corpus  Gl.).} 

HARDY,  adj.  and  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Yks. 
Stf.  1.  adj.  In  comb,  (i)  Hardy-earnest,  downright 
earnest ;  (2)  -nut,  a  boys'  game ;  see  below. 

(I)  s.Dur.  He's  in  hardy-earnest  (J.E.D.).  (2)  Nhb.1  A  boyish 
game  played  with  nuts  pierced  with  a  hole  for  a  string.  Each 
alternately  aims  a  blow  at  his  opponent's  nut  so  as  to  break  it. 

2.  Strong,robust,ofastrongconstitution;  brave, enduring. 
Abd.  Mary  was  never  jist  fat  you  wud  ca'  unco  hardy,  ALEX- 
ANDER Ain  Flk.  (1882)  34.      Frf.  'Ay,  she's  hardy,'  agreed  the 
town,  '  but  it's  better,  maybe,  for  hersel','  BARRIE  Tommy  (1896) 
368.       w.Yks.  Applied   to  one  who  is  resolute  and  intrepid,  or 
inured  to  fatigue  (C.C.R.). 

Hence  Hardiness,  sb.  bravery,  endurance. 
Fif.  Eschew  the  feats  and  wark  divine  O'  hardiness  and  weir, 
TENNANT  Papistry  (1837)  172. 

3.  Frosty.         Sc.  (AW.)     N.I.1  It's  a  hardy  mornin'. 

4.  sb.  pi.    Broken  stones,  used  as  road  metal. 
N.I.1  '  Nappin'  hardies.1  breaking  stones. 

5.  A  clay  marble  having  a  bright  surface.    Cum.4 




6.  A  tool  used  in  making  nails  by  hand. 

s.Stf.  Somebry  had  stole  my  hardy  soo  I  couldner  work,  PIN- 
NOCK  Blk.  Cy.  Ann.  (1895). 

7.  A  fixed,  shouldered  chisel,  placed  upright  in  a  square 
hole  in  a  blacksmith's  anvil,  upon  which  he  cuts  hot  iron. 

Nhb.1     Dur.  GIBSON  Up-Weardale  Gl.  (1870).     w  Yks.2 
HARDY-MOUSE,  sb.     Nhp.1    The  shrew-mouse,  Mus 
araneus.     See  Harvest-shrew. 

HARE,  sb.1  Van  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng.  Also 
in  form  ar-  Shr.1  1.  In  comb,  (i)  Hare-bell,  (a)  the  wild 
hyacinth,  Scilla  nutans;  (b)  the  bluebell,  Campanula 
rotundifolia ;  (2)  -bouk,  the  body  of  a  hare ;  (3)  -'s-foot, 
the  cotton-grass,  Eriophorum  vaginatum ;  (4)  -'s-foot 
clover,  the  trefoil,  Trifolium  arvense ;  (5)  -'s-foot  fern,  the 
Killarneyfern,  Trichomanesradicans;  (6) -gate,  an  opening 
in  a  hedge,  sufficient  for  the  passage  of  hares ;  (7)  -hole,  a 
pitfall  dugin  the  run  of  a  hare;  (8) -'s-meat,  the  wood-sorrel, 
OxalisAcetosella;  (g)-nut,theearth-nut,BuniumjfIexuosum ; 
(10)  -parsley,  the  cow- parsley,  A nthriscus  sylveslris ;  (n) 
•pied,  resembling  the  colour  of  a  hare;  (12) -scaled,  having 
a-cleft  or  hare-lip  ;  (13)  -scart,  (14)  -sha,  (15)  -shard,  (16) 
-shaw,  (17)  -shed,  (18)  -shie,  (19)  -shore,  a  hare-lip;  (20) 
shorn  or-shawn,  (21)  -shotten,  see  ( 12) ;  (22)  -skart.  see 
(!9)  !  (23)  -smoot,  see  (6)  ;  (24)  -snickle,  a  trap  for  hares. 

(i,  a)  Ldd.  (B.  &  H.),  Dev."  (l>)  Abd.  The  daisy  white  and 
harebells  blue,  CADENHEAD  Bon  Accord  (1853)  in.  Per.  The 
modest  primrose  set  in  green,  And  bonnie  harebell  blue,  EDWARDS 
Stmthcarn  Lyrics  (1889)  50.  Rnf.  The  bonnie  harebell,  that's  fan'd 
by  the  breeze,  ALLAN  Poems  (1836)  78.  Bwk.  The  hinmaist  hare- 
bell rings  a  knell  For  faded  comrades,  ance  sae  blue,  CHISHOLM 
Poems  (1879)  35.  Gall.  Harebells  blooming  bonnie,  O,  NICHOLSON 
Poet.  Wks.  (1814)  182,  cd.  1897.  ne.Yks.,  w.Chs.  (B.  &  H.)  Lan. 
N.  if  Q.  (1869)  4th  S.  iii.  469.  (a)  s.Sc.  The  poor  man  cou'd  have 
ment  a  meal  Wi'  a  hare-bouk  or  sa'mon  tail,  T.  SCOTT  Poems 
('793)  329-  (3)  w.Yks.  LEES  Flora  (1888)  457.  (4)  w.Som.l  (5) 
Ker.  (6)  Lan.  The  hedge  on  each  side  was  full  of  holes  and  '  hare- 
gates,'  and  tunnels,  and  runs,  WAUGH  Chim.  Comer  (1874  5, 
ed.  1879;  Lan.1  '  He  knows  both  th'  hare  an'  th'  hare-gate,'  i.e. 
he  knows  both  the  hare,  and  the  way  the  hare  runs— a  proverbial 
saying  commonly  applied  to  a  person  who  is  supposed  to  be 
thoroughly  acquainted  with  any  particular  matter.  (7)  Ir.  There 
was  Mrs.  Rooney  up  to  her  arm-pits  in  a  hare-hole,  Paddiana 
(ed.  1848)  I.  86.  (8)  Cor.12  (9)  Wxf.1  Zim  dellen  harnothes 
w'aar  nize  [Some  digging  earth-nuts  with  their  noses],  86.  w.Yks. 
He'll  use  it  for  diggin"  up  harenuts,  HARTLEY  Lunctun,  93  ; 
THORESBY  Lett.  (1703)  ;  w.Yks.2*,  e.Lan.1  Dor.  Hares  arc  fond  of 
its  green  leaves,  w.Gasctte  (Feb.  15,  1889)  7,  col.  i.  (10)  Som. 
Sprinklen'  the  hare  parsley  with  dewdrops,  LEITH  Verbena  (1895) 
98.  (n)  Dev.  Hare-pied  in  colour.  Mem.  Rev.  J.  Russell  (1883) 
283.  (12)  w.Yks.3  (13'  N.I.1  Ant. ' Ballytttena  Obs.  (1892).  (14) 
Nhb.  I  cursed  the  deep  scheeming  o'  hare-sha'-lip'd  Nan,  PROUD- 
LOCK  Borderland  Muse  (1896)  35.  (15,  16)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (17)  Nhb.1 
(18)  Sc.  He  tell'd  me  too  that  my  wee  namedochter  had  gotten  a 
harshie  lip,  WHITEHEAD  Daft  Davie  (1876)  221,  ed.  1894.  (19) 
se.Wor.1  (20)  e.Lan.1  Chs.1  Oi  could  na  mak  aht  a  word  he  said, 
for  he's  hare-shawn.  Not.1,  Lei.1,  War.2,  Shr.1  (21)  Shr.  If  a 
hare  crosses  the  path  of  a  woman  with  child,  she  must  instantly 
stoop  down  and  tear  her  shift,  or  her  child  will  have  a  hare-lip — 
an  '  ar-shotten  '  lip,  as  it  is  called  in  the  Clun  Forest  neighbour- 
hood, BURNE  Flk-Lore  (1883)  213;  Shr.1  (22)  Rnf.  QAM.)  (23) 
n.Yks.2  (24^  w.Yks.  Patridge-nets,  hare-snickles,  burd-caiges, 
pumils,  &c.,  TOM  TREDDLEHOYLE  Thowts  (1845)  39. 

2.  Phr.  (i)  to  make  a  hare  of  a  man,  to  get  the  better  of, 
overcome  in  argument,  &c. ;  (2)  not  to  care  whether  the  dog 
catch  the  hare  or  the  hare  catch  the  dog,  said  of  a  person  who 
is  utterly  thoughtless  or  reckless  of  consequences. 

(i)  Ir.  If  you  had  hard  Mat  and  Frahzcr  the  other  evening  at  it. 
What  a  hare  Mat  made  of  him  '.  CARLETON  Traits  Peas.  (ed.  1843) 
I.  272.  (2)  w.Yks.1 

HARE,  sb.2  Irel.  Der.  1.  The  last  handful  of  growing 
corn  cut  at  harvest.  Also  called  churn  (q.v.). 

N.I.1  Der.1  The  finishing  the  cutting  of  the  corn  they  call  getting 
the  hare.  Obs. 

2.  Comp.  Hare-supper,  a  supper  given  to  the  servants 
and  labourers  when  the  harvest  is  got  in.  Der.12,  nw.Der.1 

HARE,  v.  Obs.  Oxf.  s.Cy.  To  tease,  harass,  make 
wild ;  to  frighten. 

Oxf.  You  hared  me  out  of  my  wits  (K.).  s.Cy.  RAY  (1691); 
GROSE  (1790).  [To  hare  one,perterrefaa'o,  COLES  (1679).] 

HARE-HUNT,  sb.     Dev.    See  below. 

A  stag  and  a  hare  hunt  are  the  rude  means  employed  by  a  village 
community  for  maintaining  its  standard  of  morals  or  expressing  its 
disapprobation  of  petticoat  rule.  .  .  The  hare-hunt,  now  extinct, 
was  intended  to  ridicule  the  man  who  submitted  to  a  rough  woman's 
tongue,  BARING-GOULD  Red  Spider  (1887)  xxiv;  The  hunt  ends 
with  the  stag  or  hare,  one  or  the  other,  being  fagged  out,  and 
thrown  at  the  door  of  the  house  whose  inmates'  conduct  has 
occasioned  the  stag  or  hare  hunt.  .  .  If  the  hunt  be  that  of  a  hare 
the  pretence  is— or  was—  made  of  knocking  it  on  the  head,  ib.  xxvi. 

HAREY,  see  Hairy. 

HARFISH,  sb.  Pern,  [a-fif.]  The  razor-fish,  Ensis 
Slhqua.  s.Pem.  LAWS  Little  Eng.  (1888)  420. 

HARG,  v.     Hmp.1    Same  as  Argue,  v.  (q.v.) 

HARIE,  see  Harry,  sb.1 

HARIGALD,  sb.  Sc.  In  phr.  Head  and  harigald 
money ;  see  below. 

They  [the  colliers  and  sailers]  esteemed  the  interest  taken  in 
their  freedom  to  be  a  mere  decree  on  the  part  of  the  proprietors 
to  get  rid  of  what  they  called  head  and  harigald  money,  payable 
to  them  when  a  female  of  their  number,  by  bearing  a  child,  made 
an  addition  to  the  live  stock  of  their  master's  property,  SCOTT Redg. 
(1824)  xxi,  note  E. 

HARIGALDS,  sb.  pi.  Sc.  Also  in  forms  haricles  (JAM.) 
Ayr. ;  harigals  Ayr. ;  harigells  Edb. ;  harragles  Dmb. ; 
harrigals  Gall,  [ha'ri-,  ha'raglz.]  1.  The  viscera  or 
pluck  of  an  animal. 

Sc.  He  that  never  eats  flesh  thinks  harigalds  a  feast,  RAMSAY 
Prov.  (1737);  The  dowg's  awa'wi'the  head  and  harrigals,  HISLOP 
Anecdote  (1874)  168.  Dmb.  Ye're  no  rinnin  the  same  risk  o' 
getting  a  swurd  in  yer  kyte  or  a  ball  through  yer  harragles,  CROSS 
Disruption  (1844)  xxxvii.  Ayr.  The  head  and  harigals  of  the  sheep 
. . .  were  served  up,  GALT  Entail  ( 1823)  vii ;  Wha  likit  could  gang 
for  the  rest  o'  the  slot,  The  lieid,  feet,  an'  haricles,  LAING  Poems 
(1894)  no.  Gall.  May  they  burn  back  and  front,  ingate  and  out- 
gate,  hide,  hair,  and  harrigals,  CROCKETT  Standard  Bearer  ( 1898)  301. 
2.  Fig.  Locks  of  hair. 

Sc.  Used  metaph.  and  ludicrously ;  being  applied  to  the  tearing 
of  one's  hair,  a  rough  handling,  &c.  (JAM.)  Lnk.  I  think  I've 
towzl'd  his  harigalds  a  wee,  RAMSAY  Gentle  Shep.  ',1725)  87,  ed. 
1783.  Edb.  Madge  ance  Bauldy  sent  away  With  touzlcd  harigells, 
Carlop  Green  (1793)  in,  ed.  1817.  Slk.  Scowder  their  harigalds, 
De'ils  wi'  a  bleery,  HOGG  Talcs  (1838)  17,  ed.  1866. 

HARISHER,  sb.  Nhb.1  A  large  quantity;  used  to 
express  number  in  disarrangement. 

HARK,  v.  and  sb.1  Sc.  Irel.  Lakel.  Cum.  Yks.  Stf.  Not. 
Lin.  Lei.  War.  Won  Shr.  Wai.  Hrt.  Nrf.  Ken.  Som.  Dev. 
Cor.  Amcr.  Also  in  forms  ack  w.Yks.2 ;  ak  Hrt. ;  heark 
Won  [h)ark,  ak.]  1.  v.  To  listen,  hearken. 

Frf.  To  his  master's  council  harkit,  An'  wagged  his  tail,  SMART 
Rhymes(  1834)118.  Ayr.  Had  I  to  guid  advice  but  harkit, BuRNsK('s(b«, 
St.  5.  Lakel.2  Harks-ta  at  that  noo,  is  that  thunner?  Cum.  Gl.  (1851). 
n.Yks. '  Harks  theh,'  listen,  pay  attention  (T.S.) ;  n.Yks.4 ' Hark  ya,' 
hearyou!  listen!  ne.Yks.1  'Hark  yer,' sometimes  repeated,  as  'just 
fancy  that.'  w.Yks.2  Ack  thee,  Tom,  what's  that?  Lin.  Hark  at 
him!  .  .  .  young  squire  ar'n't  going  to  eat  any  more  bacon,  'cause 
it's  cruel  to  kill  the  pigs,  FENN  Dick  o'  the  Fens  (1888)  vii.  Hrt. 
Seldom  used  except  in  the  imperative,  CUSSANS  Hist.  Hrt.  ^1879-81) 
III.  320.  Som.  Speak  her  will,  an'  it  d'  be  thy  bounden  duty 
t'hark  t'her,  LEITH  Verbena  (1895)  78.  w.Som.1  I  cant  never 
abear  to  hark  to  jis  stuff.  Don't  you  harky  to  he.  Cor.1 1  wouldn't 
hark  to  her  nonsense. 

Hence  (i)  Harker,  sb.  a  listener  ;  (2)  Harky,  int.  listen, 

(i)  Sc.  Still  commonly  used  in  the  prov.  'Harkers  never  heard 
a  gude  word  of  themselves'  QAM.).  (2)  w.Yks.  (C.C.R.),  Ken. 
(G.B.),  Ken.1 

2.  Phr.  hark  the  robbers,  a  children's  game  ;  see  below. 
Ir.  The  Belfast  version  is  practically  the  same  [as  the  Deptford 
one]  except  that  the  verses  are  not  sung  as  a  dialogue,  but  by  all  the 
players  together,  and  the  prisoner,  when  caught,  has  the  choice 
of  sides,  by  being  asked  '  Which  will  you  have,  a  golden  apple  or 
golden  pear?'  GOMME  Games  (1894)  197.  w.Yks.  ib.  196.  Shr. 
The  first  six  verses  are  sung  by  the  alternate  parties,  who  advance 
and  retire  tramping  their  feet,  at  first,  to  imitate  the  robbers.  The 
last  verse  is  sung  altogether  going  round  in  a  ring,  ib.  198.  Nrf. 
Two  girls  take  hold  of  hands,  and  another,  the  prisoner,  stands 
between  them.  The  rest  form  themselves  into  a  line  opposite,  and 
advance  and  retreat  while  singing  the  first  verse,  the  gaolers 

K  2 




singing  the  next  verse,  and  so  on  alternately,  Hi.  Ken.  In  the 
Deptford  version  two  girls  join  hands,  holding  them  up  as  an  arch 
for  the  other  players  to  tramp  through.  The  first  two  verses  are 
sung  first  by  one  and  then  by  the  other  of  the-  two  girls.  At  the 
finish  of  these  the  girl  then  going  through  the  arch  is  stopped,  and 
the  third,  fourth,  and  fifth  verses  are  sung  by  the  two  girls 
alternately.  Then  finally  both  girls  sing  the  last  verse,  and  the 
child  is  sent  as  prisoner  behind  one  or  other  of  the  two  girls. .  . 
The  two  sides  thus  formed  then  proceeded  to  tug  against  each 
other,  and  the  strongest  side  wins  the  game,  ib.  197 ;  In  the  Shipley 
version,  the  children  form  themselves  into  two  lines,  while  two 
or  three,  representing  the  robbers,  swagger  along  between  them. 
When  the  robbers  sing  the  last  verse  they  should  have  attained 
the  end  of  the  lines  of  children,  as  during  the  parley  they  were 
safe ;  having  pronounced  the  defiance  they  run  away.  The 
children  in  the  lines  rush  after  them,  and  should  catch  them  and 
put  them  in  prison,  ib.  198.  [For  further  details  see  GOMME  ib. 

3.  To  look  out ;  to  make  inquiries.    Stf.1    Cf.  hearken. 

4.  To  smell. 

s.Wal.  I  was  once  invited  by  a  South  Wales  collier  to  '  Hark 
that  smell  !'  (T.C.P.) 

5.  With  back:  to  retrace  one's  steps;  to  go  back  and 
try  again. 

n.Yks.4,  w.Yks.2,  Not.1,  Lei.1  War.  My  memory  harks  back, 
Midi.  Counties  Herald(Dec.  31, 1896) ;  War.3  Wor.  You've  read  too 
fur,  you  must  hark  back  a  bit  (J.W.P.).  w.Som.'The  phr.  is  taken 
from  hunting  talk,  when  if  the  hounds  lose  the  scent  they  are 
made  to  hark-back,  i.  e.  go  back  to  a  spot  where  they  had  the 
scent,  and  try  to  get  it  again  ;  in  fox-hunting  more  gen.  they  have 
to  '  hark-forard.'  Dev.  Hark  back,  Tancred !  Tarquin  !  Tarquin  ! 
hark  back!  WHYTE-MELVILLE  Katerfelio  (1875)  xxii ;  We  must 
hark  back  a  good  many  years,  O'NEILL  Dimpses  (1893)  61.  [Amer. 
Dial.  Notes  (1896)  I.  389.] 

6.  To  whisper ;  to  guess.    Cf.  hearken. 

Sc.  Bob  harked  in  the  young  laird's  lug,  PENNECUIK  Collection 
(1787)  44.  Sh.I.  I  laached,  an  harkit  '  Tanks,'  BURGESS  Rasntie 
(1892)  25.  Cai.1  Bch.  Then  whispering  low  to  me  she  harked, 
FORBES  Dominie  (1785)  38.  Fif.  Tho'  I  hark  it  in  your  lug,  Ye 
needna  tak'  offence,  DOUGLAS  Poems  (1806)  51.  Edb.  He  said  to 
me, — it's  bawdy,  I  had  best  hark  it,  PENNECUIK  Tiiiklarian  (ed.  1810) 
6.  Cum.  While  to  a  corner  snug  I  git,  And  kiss  and  hark  wi' 
Sally,  RELPH  Misc.  Poems  (1743)  118  ;  Fwok  harkt  an'  guesst  an' 
guesst  agean,  GILPIN  Sngs.  (1866)  278;  Cum.4  Obsol. 

Hence  Harking,  vbl.  sb.  a  whispering. 

Sh.I.  Yon's  da  end  o'  your  harkin'  i"  Friday  night,  S/i.  News 
(May  29,  1897). 

7.  sb.    Phr.  on  the  hark,  on  the  watch,  look  out,  qui  vive. 
Wor.  Thedoghasbeenonthehearkforyouforsometime(W.A.S.). 

8.  A  whisper ;  a  secret  wish  or  desire. 

Slk.  Take  heart  till  I  tell  you  the  hark  of  my  mind,  HOGG  Poems 
(ed.  1865^  287.  Rxb.  (JAM.)  Gall.  To  crown  a'  his  hopes  in  a 
hurry,  She  haflins  said  aye  in  a  hark,  NICHOLSON  Poet.  Wks. 
(1814)  195,  ed.  1897. 

HARK,  sb.2  Ess.  [Not  known  to  our  other  corre- 
spondents.] In  phr.  to  come  down  with  a  hark,  to  come 
down  with  a  run,  to  fall  suddenly. 

An  old  woman  who  had  had  a  fall,  said,  '  I  came  down  with 
a  hark'  (S.P.H.). 

HARKANY,  sb.  e-An.1  [Not  known  to  our  corre- 
spondents.] A  job.  '  I  have  finished  my  harkany.' 

HARKAUDIENCE,  sb.    n.Lin.1    An  accordion. 

HARKIE,  sb.     Sh.I.     [ha'rki.]    A  pig ;  a  boar-pig. 

JAKOBSEN  Norsk  in  Shell.  (1897)  91  ;  S.  &  Ork.1 

[Cogn.  w.  Norw.  dial,  hark,  a  rattling  sound  in  the  throat, 
a  grunt  (AASEN).] 

HARKLE,  v.  Nhp.1  Also  in  form  hartle.  To  make 
an  incision  in  one  hind-leg  of  a  hare  or  rabbit,  that  the 
other  may  be  insinuated  for  the  purpose  of  suspension. 
See  Harl,  v.  3  ;  cf.  hock,  v.1  5. 

HARL,  v.  and  sb.  Lin.  Oxf.  Brks.  Hmp.  I.W.  Wil. 
Dor.  Som.  Also  in  forms  hardle  Wil.1  Som.  Dor. ;  haul 
Hmp.1;  horl  I.W.  [51,  a-dl.]  1.  v.  To  entangle;  to 
become  knotted  or  entangled.  Also  with  up. 

Brks.  Gl.  (1852)  ;  Brks.1,  Hmp.  (J.R.W.),  Hmp.1  I.W.  Also 
to  be  crowded  up  by  superabundance  of  anything,  so  that  one 
hardly  knows  how  to  get  out  of  the  tangle  (J.D.R.);  I.W.1;  I.W.2 
The  keert  rope  es  all  harled  up.  Wil.1  Dor.  BARNES  Gl  (1863  ; 
Gl.  (1851). 

2.  Fig.   To  be  in  a  state  of  confusion  or  perplexity. 
Also  with  up. 

I.W.  In  the  vain  attempt  to  be  in  five  places  at  once, . .  the  land- 
lady became  '  that  harled,'  as  she  expressed  it,  GRAY  Annesley 
(1889)  I.  240  ;  I'm  that  harled  up  with  so  many  about,  ib.  Dean 
Maitlanii,  107.  Dor.  (G.E.D.) 

3.  To  couple  the  hind-legs  of  a  rabbit  by  threading  one  leg 
through  the  ham-string  of  the  other.    Cf.  harkle. 

n.Lin.1  w.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Wil.  The  keeper's  boy  .  .  .  has 
imbibed  all  the  ways  of  the  woods,  and  is  an  adept  at  everything, 
from  '  harling'  a  rabbit  upwards. . .  It  is  done  by  passing  the  blade 
of  the  knife  between  the  bone  of  the  thigh  and  the  great  sinew — 
where  there  is  nothing  but  skin— and  then  thrusting  the  other 
foot  through  the  hole  made.  The  rabbit  .  .  .  can  then  be  con- 
veniently carried  by  the  loop  thus  formed,  or  slung  on  a  stick, 
JEFFERIES  Gamekeeper  (1887)  35  ;  Wil.1 

4.  sb.    A  confused,  tangled  mass ;  an  entanglement ;  a 
state  of  confusion. 

Brks.1  If  'e  dwoant  mind  thee  'ooll  get  that  string  in  a  harl. 
Hmp.  That  thread  of  silk  is  all  in  a  harl,  HOLLOWAY  ;  Hmp.1  '  It's 
all  in  a  haul.'  Spoken  of  entangled  yarn,  cotton,  &c.  I.W. 
(J.D.R.);  I.W.1;  I.W.2  I  never  vound  things  in  such  a  harl  in  my 
life.  Wil.  BRITTON  Beauties  (1825)  ;  SLOW  Gl.  (1892);  Wil.1  The 
thread  be  aal  in  a  harl.  His  hair  is  all  in  a  harl.  Som.  SWEET- 
MAN  IVincanton  Gl.  (1885). 

5.  Fig.   A  state  of  great  excitement. 

n.Lin.1  Jimmy  H is  e'such  'n  a  liarl  as  niver  was  aboot  this 

here  jewbilee. 

6.  A  couple  and  a  half  of  hounds  ;  three  hounds,  beagles, 
&c.    Oxf.  (K.),  (HALL.) 

7.  The  hock  of  a  sheep;  the  hough  of  a  cow  or  cart-horse. 
Hmp.  WISE  New  Forest  (1883)  283  ;  (H.E.)  ;  Hmp.1 

Hence  Harlens,  sb.  pi.  the  hock-joints  of  a  cow. 

I.W.2  The  wold  cows  got  stuck  in  the  keert  loose  up  over  their 

[1.  pe  hasel  &  |>e  haj-borne  were  harled  al  samen, 
Gawatne  (c.  1360)  744.] 

HARLAN,  sb.  Irel.  The  fresh-water  duck,  the  pintail, 
Dafila  acuta.  Wxf.  SWAINSON  Birds  (1885)  155. 

HARL(E,  sb.1  Sc.  Nhb.  Wm.  Yks.  Chs.  Der.  Also  Cor. 
Also  in  forms  herle  Der.2  nw.Der.1 ;  hurle  Cor.12  [harl, 
al.]  1.  The  filament  of  flax  ;  the  reed  or  brittle  stem  of 
flax  separated  from  the  filament. 

n.Sc.  These  broken  pieces  of  straw,  hanging  in  a  great  measure 
loose  upon  the  harle  or  flax,  MAXWELL  Scl.  Trans.  (1743)  331 
(JAM.).  Mry.  Gl.  Surv.  (JAM.)  Cor.1  As  dry  as  hurle;  Cor.2 
[In  the  natural  state  the  fibres  of  the  harl  are  attached  firmly  .  .  . 
to  each  other,  STEPHENS  Farm  Bk.  (ed.  1849)  II.  324.] 

2.  The  side-fibre  of  a  peacock's  tail  feather,  used  for 
dubbing  flies  in  angling ;    the  feathery  part  of  a  quill- 

Slk.  Ye  ken  little  about  the  Kirby  bends,  gin  ye  think  the  pea- 
cock's harl  and  the  tinsy  hae  slipped  frae  your  jaws,  CHR.  NORTH 
Nodes  (cd.  1856)  III.  301.  Nhb.1  Particularly  applied  to  that  of 
the  tail  feathers  of  a  peacock  when  employed  in  giving  an  irri- 
descent  appearance  to  the  bodies  of  artificial  flies,  in  which  case  it 
is  called  '  peacock  harle.'  Wm.  (J.H.),  Der.2,  nw.Der.1 

3.  Hair,  wool. 

w.Yks.1  His  harl  sticks  up,  for  au  t'ward,  like  an  urchin  back, 
ii.  289. 

4.  A  small  portion  of  hay  or  straw. 

s.Chs. '  Taak-  dhu  os--ree'k  in'tu)th  fuur  ee'-feyld,  un  mahynd 
yi  ree'kn  evri  aa~rl  on  it  iip  [Tak  the  hoss-rcek  (horse-rake)  into 
th'  fur  hee-feild,  an*  min  ye  reeken  every  harl  on  it  up], 

[1.  EFris.  harl,  harrel,  a  filament  of  flax  (KOOLMAN)  ;  so 
LG.  (BERGHAUS),  MLG.  (ScHiLLER-LiiBBEN,  s.v.  Herle).} 

HARL(E,  sb?  n.Cy.  Lin.  [51.]  A  mist,  a  fog  or 
drizzlecomingup  with  the  tide  from  the  sea.  See  Haar,  sb.1 

n.Cy.  (K.);  BAILEY  (1721) ;  GROSE  (1790);  N.Cy.2  Lin.1  I  saw 
the  harle  on  the  3rd  June  last.  sw.Lin.1  There  was  a  kind  of 
harle  came  up.  I  think  it's  no-but  a  sea-harle. 

HARL(E,  v.  and  sb?  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb. 
Also  Glo.  ?  Som.  Also  written  harrl  Sh.I. ;  and  in  form 
haurl  Sc.  (JAM.)  Nhb.1  [harl,  51.]  1.  v.  To  drag,  pull, 
tug ;  to  trail  along  the  ground ;  to  haul. 

Sc.  It's  an  unco  thing  that  decent  folk  should  be  harled  through 
the  country  this  gate,  SCOTT  Old  Mortality  (\&i(>)  xiii.  Cai.1  Abd. 
Strauchtway  they  harle  him  "fore  the  royal  chair,  Guiilman  Inglis- 




maill(i8i3)  58.  Kcd.  [He]  ceased  to  speak,  began  a-snorin',  Was 
by  Knappy  harl'd  to  bed,  GRANT  Lays  (1884)  41.  Fif.  Some  haurl'd 
at  cart  and  barrow  trams,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  53.  e.Fif. 
They  harled  me  awa  to  a  laigh  bit  hoosie,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin 
(1864)  vii.  Slg.  The  horses  harl'd  them  thro'  the  water,  Muiu 
Poems(i8i8}  n.  Dmb.  It  wadna  be  lang  o' being  haurled  through 
my  fingers  if  it  were  kent  I  had  it,  CROSS  Disruption  (1844)  xviii. 
Rnf.  Bess  .  .  .  harl't  out  my  very  hair,  WILSON  Watty  (1792)  5. 
Ayr.  I  haurled  the  whole  lot  of  the  dishes  to  the  flure,  SERVICE 
Notandums  (1890)  28.  Lth.  He  harl'd  her  bits  o'  things  awa, 
SMITH  Merry  Bridal  (1866!  193.  Rnf.  Others  mind  yc  o'  a  rat, 
Harl't  thro'  the  dirt  in  teeth  o'  cat,  BARR  Poems  (1861)  33.  Lnk. 
Wha  lets  her  laddies  harl  me  doun  the  stair  ?  NICHOLSON  Idylls 
(1870)  88.  Edb.  Harling  them  away  to  the  college,  MOIR  Mansie 
Wauch  (1828)  x.  Feb.  Ilka  buik  except  the  bible,  Frae  the  house 
you've  harl'd  for  drink,  AFFLECK  Poet.  Wks.  ^1836)  132.  Slk. 
Matthew  Ford  harled  him  into  the  shallow,  HOGG  Tales  (1838) 
150,  ed.  1866.  Rxb.  It  harles  the  whole  heart  out  o'  her,  RIDDELL 
Poet.  Wks.  (ed.  1871)  II.  342.  Dmf.  Sad  wights  Wi'  ribs  baith 
black  an'  blae  Were  harlit  hamc,  MAYNE  Siller  Gun  (1808  8. 
Gall.  I'll  come  doon  and  harl  ye  in  mysel',  CROCKETT  Cleg  Kelly 
(1896)  202.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll.  L.L.B.)  Nhb.  They  harled 
her  through  the  paddock-peul,  RITSON  N.  Garl.  (1810)  54.  ?Som. 
Whenever  they'd  a  chaance  the  neighbours  was  harlen'  an'  car'ren 
down  to  moor,  LEITH  Verbena  (1895)  43. 

Hence  (i)  Harlin,  (2)  Harlin-favour,  sb.  some  degree 
of  affection,  a  penchant,  inclination  towards ;  (3)  Haurl-a- 
hame,  adj.  selfish,  grasping. 

(i)  Sc.  Wha  for  the  bardies  has  a  harlin,  NICOL  Poems  (1805) 
I.  120  GAM.).  (2)  Bch.  I  canna  say  bat  I  had  a  kirnen  wi'  her 
an'  a  kine  o'  harlin  favour  for  her,  FORBES  Jrn.  (1742)  7.  (3)  Rnf. 
On  his  [the  devil's]  haurl-a-hame  manner  were  a'  agree't  quite, 
NEILSON  Poems  (1877)  112. 

2.  intrans.  To  drag,  trail,  draw  with  difficulty;  also  used/,?-. 
Sc.  Amang  such  rugh  rigs,  highs  an'  hows  as   I   hae  to  harl 

through,  GRAHAM  Writings  (1883)  II.  43  ;  To  move  onward  with 
difficulty,  implying  the  idea  of  feebleness  (JAM.)  ;  To  draw  oneself 
by  griping  or  violent  means  (ib.~).  Abel.  For  cadgers  .  .  .  Maun 
ay  be  harlin  in  their  trade  [must  talk  'shop'],  SKINNER  Poems 
(1809)  40.  Frf.  Hameward,  hoolie,  they  gaed  haurlin',  WATT 
Poet.  Sketches  (1880)  23.  Dmf.  The  cauld  snell  blast  o'  the  uncivil 
warld,  Through  whilk  sac  lang  thin-cled  I've  harl'd,  THOM  Jock'o1 
Knowc  (1878)  26. 

3.  Phr.  (i)  to  harl  about,  to  move  about  feebly  ;  to  crawl, 
creep  ;  (2)  — away,  to  drive  away,  drive  off;  (3) — outer, 
to  overhaul,  examine,  look  into. 

(i)  Sc.  Lat  them  harl  about  for  meat  till  eat,  WADDELL  Ps.  (1871) 
lix.  15  ;  To  harle  about,  to  go  from  place  to  place.  It  gen.  con- 
veys the  idea  of  inconstancy,  of  feebleness,  or  of  some  load  or 
incumbrance  (JAM.).  Cai.1  (2)  ne.Glo.  I  think  he've  harled  George 
away;  the  lad  often  said  as  he'd  runaway,  and  I  think  he've  done 
it  now,  Household  Wds.  (1885)  142.  (3)  Sc.  They'll  just  harl  ower  a' 
thir  petitions,  pick  out  my  name,  and  the  like  o'  me,  Sc.  Haggis,  32. 

4.  To  scrape  or  rake  together ;  to  peel,  come  off  in  pieces. 
Also  used  Jig.  and  intrans. 

Sc.  (JAM.)  Rnf.  A  wedge  o'  broun  saip  would  be  better,  To 
harl  the  dirt  aff  her  hide,  BARR  Poems  (1861]  118.  Ayr.  Till  skin  in 
blypes  cam  haurlin  Aff's  nieves  that  night,  BURNS  Halloween  (1785) 
st.  23.  Gall.  To  harl  the  pow  is  to  scratch  the  head  (A.W.).  Nhb. 
Aa've  been  haurlin  steyens  together  (R.O.H.)  ;  Nhb.1  To  harle 
the  road. 

5.  To  roughcast  a  wall  with  lime. 

Sc.  An  old  turreted  house  in  Huxter  Row  was  being  newly 
harled,  HISLOP  Anecdote  (1874)  382.  Sh.I.  The  walls  were  harried 
with  systematic  regularity,  CLARK  Gleams  (1898)  221.  Cai.1  Inv. 
HERD  Coll.  Sngs.  (1776)  Gl.  Bnff.  When  the  walls  were 'harled,' 
it  was  always  left  untouched,  GORDON  Cliron.  Keith  (1880)  35. 
Abd.  The  ruins  of  the  ancient  church  have  actually  been  '  harled,' 
SMILES  Natur.  (1893)  135. 

Hence  (i)  Harled,  ppl  adj.  roughcast  with  lime  ;  (2) 
Harling,  vbl.  sb.  the  act  of  roughcasting  with  lime,  &c. ; 
lime  or  roughcasting  ;  (3)  Joint  harl,  phr.  to  point  walls. 

(i)  Sc.  Droning  psalms  in  a  gray  harled  kirk,  KEITH  Indian 
Uncle  (1896)  256;  Its  harled  walls  tinged  with  green  towards 
their  base,  HUNTER  /.  Armiger's  Revenge  (1897)  iv.  Gall.  That 
grey  kirk  of  rough  harled  masonry,  CROCKETT  Stidrit  Min.  (1893) 
236.  (2)  n.Sc.  Face  the  work  all  over  with  mortar  thrown  against 
it  with  a  trowel,  which  they  call  harling,  Lett,  from  Gentleman 
(1754)  I.  65  QAM.).  Gall.  They  are  set  without  lime  under  the 
harling,  CROCKETT  Grey  Man  (1896)  30.  (3)  Cai.1 

6.  sb.   The  act  of  dragging  or  trailing. 

Sc.  Of  a  paralytic  person,  it  is  said,  '  He  has  a  harle  with  the 
left  leg'  (JAM.). 

7.  A  haul,  a  collection,  that  which  is  gathered  together ; 
money  or  property  obtained  by  dishonourable   means. 
Also  used  Jig. 

Sc.  He  gat  a  harle  of  siller  QAM.)  ;  The  time  was  when  I  could 
hae  taen  a  harle  o'  onything  that  was  gaun,  FORD  Thistledown 
(1891)  242.  Rnf.  O'  rhymes  he  gather'd  sic  a  harl',  FINLAYSON 
Rhymes  (1815)  165.  Ayr.  I  had  a  bit  haurl  o'  fifty  pounds  to  carry 
me  on  for  the  next  winter,  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887)  69. 
Lnk.  She's  fond  to  git  a  haurl  O'  warldly  wealth,  and  pomp,  and 
glory,  RODGER  Poems  (1838)  140,  ed.  1897. 

8.  A  small  quantity  of  anything ;  anything  obtained  with 
difficulty  and  on  rare  occasions. 

Sc.  See  if  I  cannae  get  a  little  harle  of  justice  out  of  the '  military 
man  notoriously  ignorant  of  the  law,'  STEVENSON  Catiiona  (1893) 
ix.  Cai.1  A  small  quantity  of  any  substance  composed  of  loose 
particles,  e.  g.  meal,  salt,  &c.  Fif.  Gie's  a  harle  o'  meal  (JAM.). 
e.Fif.  See  !  there's  a  wee  harlie  o'  sugar  to  put  i'  yer  gab,  LATTO 
Tain  Bodkin  (1864)  viii.  s.Sc.  Indeed,  ony  haurl  o'  health  I  had 
was  aye  about  meal-times,  Blackw.  Mag.  (Jan.  1821)  400  (JAM.). 
Ayr.  Ony  harl  of  health  he  has  is  aye  about  meal-time,  GALT  Sir 
A.  Wylie  (1822)  Ix. 

9.  A  drag  or  mud-rake  used  for  scraping  a  road,  &c. ;  an 
instrument  for  raking  or  drawing  together  soft  manure. 

Rxb.  Used  esp.  in  the  cow-house  (JAM.).  Nhb.1  A  kind  of 
scraper  with  a  long  handle.  [The  men  should  each  take  a  mud 
hoe  or  harle,  STEPHENS  Farm  Bk.  (ed.  1849)  I.  470.] 

10.  A   slattern;    a  big,   untidy,    coarse,    cross-grained 
person  ;  a  rough  field-labourer'. 

Rnf.  She  maun  be  a  tasteless  haurl  'Twad  face  the  gleg  e'e  o' 
the  warl',  An'  cause  gie  to  its  bitter  gab  To  curse  her  for  a  hanless 
drab,  YOUNG  Pictures  (1865)  162.  Ayr.  Ane  of  them  .  .  .  was  a 
great  muckle  haurl  of  a  dirty  fum,  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid  (ed.  1887) 
169.  Dmf.  SHAW  Schoolmaster  (1899)  349.  Gall.  MACTAGGART 
Encycl.  (1824).  N.I.1  Ant.  A  rough  worker,  who  will  do  a  lot 
but  do  it  badly,  Ballymena  Obs.  (1892). 

H.  A  mixture  of  lime  and  sand,  used  for  roughcasting 
or  coating  the  outside  of  a  building.  Also  used  Jig. 

Sc.  Plastered  with  harl,  COBBAN  Andaman  (1895)  i.  Sh.I.  The 
gable  was  white,  for  the  '  harl '  had  been  picked  off  in  the  spring, 
BURGESS  Tang  (1898)  23.  e.Ltlf  An'  the  way  he  splairges  ye  wi' 
butter— layin't  on  in  clauts  an' harles,  HUNTER  J.  Inwick  1895)93. 

[1.  The  hors  him  harland  behynd  the  woid  cart,  DOUGLAS 
Eneados  (1513),  ed.  1874,  n.  48;  Hii  harlede  him  out  of 
churche,  R.  Glouc.  (c.  1300)  fo.  151  b.] 

HARLE,  sb.  Sh.  &  Or.I.  Nrf.  [harl,  51.]  1.  The 
goosander,  Mergus  merganser.  Also  in  comp.  Harle-duck. 

S.  &  Ork.1  Or.I.  The  goosander,  the  harle  of  this  country, 
remains  with  us  constantly,  BARRY  Hist.  (1805)  302  (JAM.). 

2.  The  red-breasted  merganser,  Mergus  serrator.     Also 
in   comp.   Harle-duck.    Cf.   earl-duck.     Or.I.   SWAINSON 
Birds  (1885)  164. 

3.  The  grey  duck  or  gadwall,  Chaudelasmus  streperus. 
Nrf.  COZENS-HARDY  Broad  Nrf.  (1893)  45. 

[1.  Fr.  harle  or  herle,  a  merganser,  see  BELON  Hist,  dc  la 
nature  des  Oyseaux  (1555)  164,  in  NEWTON  &  GADOW  (1896) 
407  ;  Harle  (herle),  a  kind  of  sheldrake  (CoxGR.).] 

HARLED,  ppl.  adj.  n.Cy.  Yks.  [arid,  aid.]  Mottled, 
speckled,  as  cattle. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  n.Yks.124  e. Yks.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ. 
(1788!.  w.Yks.1  'Shoe's  a  feaful  hask  harl'd  an'  ;  that  is,  the 
cow  has  harsh  hair,  always  an  unfavourable  symptom  of  fattening. 

HARLED,  adj.  Wil.  In  comb.  Well-harled,  of  oats  : 
well-eared.  DAVIS  Agric.  (1813) ;  Wil.1 

HARLEY,  sb.  Frf.  The  swift,  Cypselus  apus.  SWAIN- 
SON  Birds  (1885)  96. 

HARLEY-HARTHER,  int.  Nrf.  A  call  to  horses  to 
go  to  the  left.  Arch.  (1879)  VIII.  170. 

HARLICAN,  sb.    Dor.    [alikan.]    A  term  of  abuse. 

Bring  on  that  water,  you  idle  young  harhcan  !  HARDY  Jude 
(1896)  pt.  i.  i. 

HARLIKINS,  sb.  pi.  Sh.I.  Tight  pantaloons  opening 
behind,  worn  by  children.  S.  &  Ork.1 

HARLIN, adj.  Cum.  Difficult, close;  exhausting,  severe. 

Cum.  An'  monie  a  harlin  reace  they  hed,  STAGG  Misc.  Poems 
(ed.  1807)  3  ;  Cum.4 



HARLOCK,  sb.  Ess.  The  charlock,  Sinapis  arvensis. 

HARM,  sb.  Glo.  w.Cy.  Som.  [am.]  1.  Any  contagious 
or  epidemic  disease,  not  distinguished  by  a  specific  name ; 
a  fever. 

Glo.  (J.S.F.S.),  w.Cy.  (HALL.)   Som.  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Ene. 
(1825);  (F.A.A.) 
2.  The  distemper  in  dogs. 

w.Som.1  In  buying  a  young  dog  it  is  usual  to  ask,  '  Have  'er  had 
the  harm  ? ' 

HARM,  v.  Sc.  Yks.  Lan.  Also  in  forms  aam  Lan.1 ; 
ahme.Lan.1;  hairmCld.  (JAM.);  hirm  w.Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.) 
[harm,  am.]  1.  To  fret,  grumble ;  to  be  peevish  or  ill- 
natured.  Or.I.  (JAM.  Suppl.},  w.Sc.  (ib.)  Hence  Harm- 
ing, sb.  fretfulness,  peevishness,  grumbling.  Or.I.  (ib.) 

2.  To  dwell  upon  a  trifling  fault  or  misfortune,  con- 
tinually upbraiding  the  defaulter  or  sufferer.     Hence  (i) 
Hairmer,  sb.  one  who  acts  in  this  manner  ;  (2)  Hairming, 
vbl.  sb.  the  act  of  continually  dwelling  upon  a  fault,  &c. 
Cld.  (JAM.) 

3.  To  mock  or  imitate  in  speaking  ;  to  mimic.    Also  with 
at  and  after. 

Yks.  (HALL.)  [Not  known  to  our  correspondents.]  Lan.  I 
connaw  be  angurt  ot  tee  ...  os  lung  os  to  boh  harms  after  other 
fok,  TIM  BOBBIN  View  Dial.  (ed.  1806)  67  ;  Lan.1  A  person  re- 
peating another's  words  in  an  ironical  manner  is  said  to  be 
'  aamin  '  after  him.  e.Lan.  In  use  to-day  (S.W.)  ;  At  one  time  a 
very  common  word  and  is  still  used,  though  not  so  frequently  as 
formerly.  Used  in  connection  with  the  affix  '  at.'  '  He  wor 
aamin'  at  me,1  Manch.  City  News  (Jan.  4,  1896)  ;  e.Lan.1  s.Lan. 
Commonly  used  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Oldham  and  district 
when  I  was  a  boy.  Thus,  if  a  boy  mocked  another,  the  one 
mocked  would  say,  '  He  keeps  aamin'  after  me,'  Manch.  City  News 
(Jan.  4,  1896) ;  Obsol.  (F.E.T.) 

[1.  LG.  harmen  un  karmen,  '  ha'rmen  und  wehklagen, 
sich  angstlich  qualen '  (BERGHAUS).  2,  3.  Norw.  dial. 
herma,  to  repeat  anything;  to  ape,  to  mimic  (AASEN).] 

HARM,  see  Haulm. 

HARMING,  sb.    Pem.    Harm,  hurt,  injury. 

s.Pem.  He'll  keep  us  from  all  harmin'  (W.M.M.). 

HARMLESS,  adj.  Sc.  Sur.  Sus.  1.  Obs.  Unharmed, 
safe,  secure. 

Abd.  That  he,  his  men,  tenants,  and  servants,  should  be  harm- 
less and  skaithless  in  their  bodies,  SPALDING  Hist.  Sc.  (1792)  I.  43. 

2.  Fair  to  both  parties,  just. 

Snr.1  If  you  make  twenty-eight  shillings  of  the  pig  it  will  be  a 
harmless  price  between  buyer  and  seller. 

3.  See  below. 

Sus.  '  Our  Rosie  be  a  very  harmless  child.'  .  .  .  The  remark 
merely  means  that  she  has  a  certain  friendly  and  winning  way 
with  her  that  goes  straight  to  people's  hearts  and  makes  her  a 
favourite  everywhere,  O'REILLY  Stones  (1880)  I.  233-4. 

HARMLY,  adj.    n.Yks.2    Hurtful,  harmful ;  annoying. 

HARMONY ,sb.  e.Suf.  Uproar, noise, disturbance.  (F.H.) 


HARN,  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan.  Also  in 
forms  hairn  Edb.  Bwk.  Dmf.  Nhb.1;  harran  Sh.I.  e.Fif.; 
barren  Fif. ;  haurn  Lnk.  Gall. ;  hern  Sc.  [harn,  hern, 
an.]  1.  pi.  Brains.  Also  usedy?^. 

Sc.  Kilmadie  barns,  Where  many  shot  were  thro'  the  herns, 
GRAHAM  Writings  (1883)  I.  152;  It  will  knock  its  harns  out, 
SCOTT  Antiquary  (1816)  xv.  Sh.I.  If  he  had  blown  the  '  harrans  ' 
out  of  his  old  'moorit'  sheep,  BURGESS  Sketches  (2nd  ed.)  25.  Or.I. 
(S.A.S.)  Bch.  For  fear  I  shou'd  hae  gotten  my  harns  kleckit  out, 
FORBES  Jrn.  (1742)  16.  Abd.  Ye  may  comfort  yersel'  that  they 
warna  dishes  wi'  harns  i*  them,  MACDONALD  Malcolm  ( 1875)  I.  243. 
Frf.  My  lugs  and  harns  wi'  rage  maist  bizzin',  SANDS  Poems  (1833) 
iai.  Ptr.  Johnnie's  harns  grew  dazed  and  giddie,  SPENCE  Poems 
(1898)  187.  Fif.  The  barrens  o'  the  clerk  Were  sae  commovit 
wi'  the  werk  O'  harnessin'  and  weir,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827) 
126.  e.Fif.  A  cockit  pistol  in  his  neive  ready  to  blaw  oot  my 
harns,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  vii.  Ayr.  Till  our  harns  are 
spattered  at  the  bottom  o'  the  well  o'  despair,  GALT  Entail  (1823) 
Ixxviii.  Lnk.  Oot  fell  the  haurns  o'  my  muckle  meal-pock, 
NICHOLSON  Idylls  (1870)  104.  Lth.  There's  naething  here  our  harns 
to  daver,  MACNEILL  Poet.  Wks.  (1801)  173,  ed.  1856.  e.Lth.  He 
was  sittin  amang  his  buiks  .  .  .  howkin  his  harns  for  a  sermon, 

HUNTER  J.  Inivick  (1895)  44.  Edb.  If  harns  and  pens  can  do 't 
aright,  LIDDLE  Poems  (1821)  114.  Bwk.  Ance  we  get  another 
Willie  We'll  knock  out  auld  Willie's  hairns,  Dcnham  Tracts  (ed. 
1892)  I.  171.  Dmf.  Their  heads  had  aye  mair  hair  than  hairns, 
SHAW  Schoolmaster  (1899)  371.  Gall.  Wi'  frothy  haurns  and 
goarling  baird,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)  333,  ed.  1876.  n.Cy. 
BAILEY  (1721)  ;  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  Nearly  out  of  use  except  by  old 
people.  Cum.  RAY  (1691)  ;  GROSE  (1790) ;  Cum.4  Cum.,  Wm. 
NICOLSON  (1677)  Trans.  R.  Lit.  Sac.  (1868)  IX.  Yks.  '  He  ding 
out  your  harns,'  He  beat  out  your  brains  (K.).  n.Yks.2  w.Yks. 
THORESBY  Lett.  (1703) ;  w.Yks.1  Pash'd  an  bray'd  his  harnes  out, 
i'.  303  ;  w.Yks.4,  ne.Lan.1 

Hence  Harnless,  adj.  brainless. 

Sh.I.  A  harnliss  snUl,  BURGESS  Rasmie  (1892)  92.     n.Yks.2 
2.  Comp.  Harn-pan,  the  brain-pan,  skull. 

Sc.  In  the  pingle  or  the  pan,  Or  the  haurnpan  o'  man,  FORD 
Thistledown  (1891)  261  ;  Weize  a  brace  of  balls  through  his  harn- 
pan,  SCOTT  Rob  Roy  (1817)  xxxiii.  Cai.1  Abd.  He  sware  he'd 
gar  their  harnpans  ring,  SKINNER  Poems  (1809)  16.  Frf.  Quit,  or 
I'll  brak'  your  harn  pan,  MORISON  Poems  (1790)  25.  e.Fif.  Oon- 
less  he  has  within  his  harran-pan  the  stuff  philosophers  are  made 
of,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  xxvi.  Rnf.  Leeze  me  on  the  harn 
pan,  WEBSTER  Rhymes  ( 1835)  155.  Ayr.  We  think  his  harnpan's 
surely  dunklet,  GALT  Sir  A.  Wylie  (1822)  ciii ;  (J.M.)  Lnk.  I 
spat  by  turns  on  ilka  loof,  Haw'd  first  my  harn-pan,  syne  my  loof, 
COGHILL  Poems  (1890)  66.  e.Lth.  He  didna  think  there  was 
anither  harn-pan  in  the  pairish  wad  ha  stude  it,  HUNTER  J.  Inwick 
(1895)  241.  Edb.  A  hag  sailt  i'  his  loom  hairn-pans  Awa'  to 
France,  LEARMONT  Poems  (1791)  24.  Slk.  '  This  to  thy  harnpan,' 
said  Gabriel,  drawing  his  sword,  HOGG  7afes(i838)  660,  ed.  1866. 
Gall.  His  haurn  pan  was  aye  sae  fu',  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824) 
189,  ed.  1876.  Nhb.1,  w.Yks.1,  ne.Lan.1 

[1.  My  harms  trimblit  besily,  DOUGLAS  Pal.  Hon.  (1501), 
ed.  1874,  78  ;  He  the  hed  till  harnys  claf,  BARBOUR  Bruce 
(1375)  xii.  56.  OE.  ha>mes  (Citron,  an.  1137).  2.  It ... 
persit  the  harnpan,  DOUGLAS  Eneados  (1513)  11.  252.] 

HARNESS,  sb.  _Sc.  Nhb.  Yks.  Brks.  e.An.  Sus.  Dor. 
Som.  Aus.  [haT-,  a'nis.]  1.  In  comp.  (i)  Harness-cask, 
a  receptacle  on  board  ship,  where  the  meat,  after  being 
taken  out  of  the  pickle-cask,  is  kept  ready  for  use  ;  (2) 
•lid,  a  lid  or  covering  to  a  '  harness-cask ' ;  (3)  -plaid,  a 
special  kind  of  plaid ;  see  below ;  (4)  -tack,  a  swinging 
cross-tree  in  a  stable  on  which  harness  is  hung. 

(i)  Abd.  One  that  has  a  lid,  guarded  by  a  rim  which  comes  a 
small  way  down  on  the  outside  of  the  vessel  (JAM.)  ;  Some  thieves 
.  .  .  breaking  open  a  harness  cask  .  .  .  stole  about  i  cwt.  of  beef, 
Abd.  Jrn.  (Dec.  2,  1818)  (ib.).  Nhb.  It  is  an  upright  cask  with 
straight,  tapering  sides,  narrowing  to  the  top,  which  closes  with  a 
hinged  lid  and  padlock.  A  brass  or  iron  hoop  surrounds  the 
former,  and  is  made  wider  than  the  thickness  of  the  lid,  so  as  to 
overlap  the  head  of  the  cask  (R.O.H.);  Nhb.1  [Aus.  The  steer 
was  cut  up  and  salted  and  in  the  harness-cask  soon  after  sunrise, 
BOLDREWOOD  Robbery  (1888)  I.  ii.j  (2)  Abd.  QAM.)  (31  Sc.  She 
had  just  taken  off  her  bonnet  and  harness-plaid,  OCHILTREE 
Redburn  (1895)  vi.  w.Sc.  Until  very  recent  times  no  Scotswoman 
was  considered  respectably  married  unless  her  trousseau  included 
a  plaid  of  specially  fine  manufacture  fit  to  appear  in  at  kirk  or 
market.  It,  with  the  bonnet,  was  a  badge  of  marriage,  hence  the 
term  '  harness '  denoting  the  yoke.  Paisley  was  famous  for  harness 
plaids  (G.W.).  (4)  Brks.1 

2.  Weaving  term  :  the  '  heald  '  or  arrangement  of  loops 
of  twine,  by  which  the  threads  of  the  warp  are  changed 
in  position  at  every  passage  of  the  shuttle. 

w.Yks.  It  enables  a  much  larger  pattern  to  be  woven  than  is 
possible  with  plain  gear  (J.M.).  w.Som.1  It  is  adjusted  into  the 
loom  along  with  the  warp  to  which  it  belongs. 

3.  The  apparatus  required  for  making  cider. 
Dor.  BARNES  Gl.  (1863).     Som.  (W.F.R.) 

4.  Leather  defences  for  the  hands  and  legs  of  hedgers, 
to  protect  them  from  the  thorns.    e.An.12 

6.  Temper,  humour. 

a.Cy.  (HALL.)  Sus.  '  He  is  in  a  pretty  harness,'  he  is  in  a  rare 
bad  humour,  HOLLOWAY  ;  Sus.1  Master's  in  purty  good  harness 
this  morning;  Sus.2 

HARNISHIN,  sb.     N.I.1    Harness. 

HARNSA,  HARNSER,  HARNSEY,  see  Heronsew. 

HARP,  sb.1  and  v.1  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan.  Der. 
Not.  Lin.  Lei.  Nhp.  Wor.  Oxf.  Brks.  Hnt.  Nrf.  Sus.  Hmp. 
I.W.  Also  in  forms  hirp  Rnf. ;  yerp  e.Lth.  [harp,  ap.J 



1.  sb.Obs.  An  Irish  shilling.   Also  in  comb.  Harp-shilling. 
Ir.  AT.  &  Q.  (1885)  6th  S.  xi.  296.      N.I.1  Equal  only  to  gd. 

sterling  money. 

2.  Phr.  Head  or  harp,  head  or  tail. 

Ant.  The  reverse  of  Irish  copper  coins  formerly  bore  a  harp. 
'  Head  or  harp,'  the  call  in  playing  pitch  and  toss  (W.H.P. ). 

3.  An  instrument  used  in  sifting  or  '  riddling.' 

Sc.  The  mason  sets  his  harp  upon  en',  An'  harls  the  fire-noose 
gable,  MURRAY  Spring  in  Blk.  and  White  (Apr.  18,  1896)  490. 
Dmf.  Evidently  suggested  by  the  shape  of  the  instrument  used  in 
riddling  or  separating  sand  and  gravel,  which  is  of  an  oblong 
shape,  containing  wires  enclosed  in  a  wooden  frame,  SHAW 
Schoolmaster  (1899)  349.  [A  portable  screen  or  harp  for  riddling 
and  depositing  the  stones,  STEPHENS  Farm  Bk.  (ed.  1849)  II.  637.] 

4.  That  part  of  a  mill  which  separates  the  'dust'  of  grain 
or  meal  from  the  '  shilling.' 

Sc.  An  instrument  for  cleansing  grain,  a  kind  of  '  scarce '  (JAM.). 
Cai.1  The  wire-cloth  frame  by  which  grain  or  meal  is  sifted  in  the 
various  processes  of  milling.  Abd.  (JAM.) 

5.  v.  To  constantly  dwell  on  one  topic,  refer  constantly 
to  an  unpleasant  subject;  to  grumble.     Gen.  with  on,  esp. 
in  phr.  to  harp  on  one  string.     In  gen.  colloq.  use. 

Cai.1  Rnf.  I  hae  a  richt  to  hirp  an'  murn  [mourn]  Oure  that 
death-dealin'  blast,  YOUNG  Pictures  (1865)  13.  e.Lth.  He  had  been 
guzzling  toddy  and  yerping  about  Spiritual  Freedom  with  a  Free 
Church  tailor,  MUCKLEBACKIT  Rhymes  (1885)  141.  Edb.  '  I'se  tell 
ye  what '  That  harps,  whate'er  ye,  '  I'se  tell  ye  what,  and  there's 
that  in't,'  Carlop  Green  (1793)  125,  ed.  1817.  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  He 
kept  harp,  harpin  on  till  aa  wis  fair  sick  o'  hearin  't  (R.O.H.). 
Cum.1  n.Yks.4  Sha  nivver  let's  t'thing  dee,  sha's  awlus  harping  on 
aboot  it.  e.Yks.  THOMPSON  Hist.  Welton  (1869)  170  ;  e.Yks.1  MS. 
add.  (T.H.)  w.Yks.  Aw,  be  heng'd  to  that  tale  ;  he's  allus 
harpin'  o'  that  string  (JE.B.*).  Lan.  (S.W.),  nw.Der.1,  Not.1, 
n.Lin.1  Lei.1  Shay  aarped  o'  seein  'im  again  so  mooch.  Nhp.1, 
s.Wor.  (H.K.)  Oxf.'Ther  you  be  agen,  'arp,  'arp,  'arp,  MS.  add. 
Brks.1,  Hnt.  (T.P.F.)  Nrf.  You  continue  to  harp  upon  the  same 
string  (W.W.S.).  Sus.,  Hmp.  HOLLOWAY.  I.W.1 

6.  Phr.  to  harp  against  a  person,  to  insinuate  to  his  dis- 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).     w.Yks.  HUTTON  Tour  to  Caves  (1781). 

7.  To  riddle  or  sift  with  a  '  harp.'     Abd.  (JAM.) 
HARP,  v.2  and  sb.2    Wor.    Also  written  arp.     [ap.j 

1.  v.   To  listen  to,  hearken,  pay  attention. 

s.Wor.  Folks  talks  but  I  doesn't  harp.  Folks  wuz  alistenin'  an' 
'arpin'  hiver  so,  an'  a  didn't  'ear  nothin'  (H.K.);  A  on't  'arp 
'owever  'ardly  noanc  on  'em,  Vig.  Man.  in  Berroiu's  Jrn.  (1896)  xvii. 

2.  sb.    Phr.  all  of  a  harp,  all  on  the  qui  vive. 

s.Wor.  A  knaowed  as  summat  ar  another  wuz  agate,  an'  a  wuz 
a'  ov  a  'arp  (H.K.). 

HARPEN,  v.  Nrf.  With  on  :  to  encourage,  cheer  on 
to  fight. 

John  and  Tom  were  quarrelling  and  Will  harpen'd  them  on  till 
he  got  them  to  fight  (W.W.S.). 

HARPER,  sb.  Sc.  In  comb.  Harper  crab,  the  crab, 
Cancer  varius  Gesneri.  Also  called  Tammie  Harper. 

Fif.  SIBBALD  Hist.  Fif.  (1803)  132  (JAM.,  s.v.  Tammie  Harper). 

HARPING,  adj.  Nrf.  In  comb.  Harping  Johnny,  the 
orpine,  Sedum  Telephium.  (B.  &  H.) 

HARPLEAT,  sb.    Wxf.1    A  snipe, 'bleater.' 

HARPOON,  v.  Irel.  In  phr.  to  harpoon  a  bottle-nose, 
to  make  a  gross  mistake. 

I  harpooned  a  bottle-nose,  LEVER  Con  Cregan  (1849-50)  xiv. 

HAR(R,  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan. 
Also  Mid.  e.An.  Hmp.  Wil.  Som.  Also  in  forms  harl- 
n.Yks.  ;  haur  Sc.  (JAM.);  haw-  Nhb.1;  her  Hmp.  [bar, 
a(r.]  1.  The  upright  part  of  a  gate  or  door  to  which  the 
hinges  are  fastened. 

Sh.I.  We  took  a  door  aff  da  harrs,  CLARK  Gleams.(i8g8~)  106. 
S.  &  Ork.1,  Dmf.  GAM.),  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  The  back  and  breast  of  a 
gate  are  called  the  back  bar  and  fore  har  (J.H.) ;  Nhb.1  Dur.  The 
hole  in  a  stone  in  which  the  spindle  of  a  door  or  gate  resteth 
(K.,.  Cum.1  Wm.  A  door-harr  (K.).  w.Mid.  (W.P.M.),  Hmp. 
(H.C.M.B.)  Wil.1  We  wants  some  more  heads  and  hars  cut  out. 
Som.  (W.F.R.) ;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 

2.  Comp.  Har-tree,  the  strong  end  of  a  gate  to  which  the 
bars  are  secured. 

Nhb.1,  Dur.1,  s.Dur.  (J.E.D.),  Cum.1  n.Yks.  The  bars  are  gen. 
made  either  of  fir  or  ash,  and  the  harltree  and  head,  of  oak  or 

ash,  TUKE  Agric.  (1800)  98;  n.Yks.4,  ne.Yks.1    e.Yks.  MARSHALL 
Rur.  Econ.  (1796)  I.  192.     w.Yks.2,  ne.Lan.1,  e.An.12 

3.  A  hinge,  joint.    Used _/?§•. 

Dmf.  To  ruse  one's  arse  out  o  har,  to  praise  a  person  till  he  be 
too  much  elated  (JAM.).  Wxf.1  Ingsaury  neileare  (pidh  ?)  his  niz 
outh  o'  harr,  100. 

4.  The  shank  of  a  button.    Wxf.1 

[1.  Ther  nas  no  dore  that  he  nolde  heve  of  harre, 
CHAUCER  C.  T.  A.  550.  OE.  heprr,  a  hinge ;  cp.  Du.  harre 
aen  een  deure,  the  post  and  hinge  of  a  doore  or  a  gate 

HARR,  see  Haar,  sb.1,  Hurr,  v? 

HARRAGE,  sb.  Sc.  Also  in  forms  arage,  arrage, 
aryage,  auarage,  average,  harriage  GAM.).  1.  Service 
due  by  tenants,  in  men  and  horses,  to  their  landlords, 
'  average.' 

This  custom  is  not  entirely  abolished  in  some  parts  (JAM.). 
2.  Phr.  arage  (and)  carriage,  a  service  in  carts  and  horses. 

'Arage  and  carriage'  is  a  phr.  still  commonly  used  in  leases 
(JAM.)  ;  Regular  payment  of  mail-duties,  kain,  arriage,  carriage, 
SCOTT  Midlothian  (1818)  viii.  Per.  With  harrage,  carriage,  them 
he  still  molests.  NICOL  Poems  (1766)  75. 

[1.  Arage,  vtherwaies  Average,  from  Averia,  quhilk 
signifies  ane  beast.  .  .  Average  signifies  service,  quhilk 
the  tennent  aucht  to  his  master  be  horse  or  cariage  of 
horse,  SKENE  Expos,  (ed.  1641)  9.  2.  I  am  maid  ane  slaue 
of  my  body  to  ryn  and  rashe  in  arrage  &  carriage,  Compl. 
Scot/.  (1549)  125.  In  Law  Lat.  cum  Avaragiis  &•»  Cariagiis, 
Indenture  (1371),  in  SKENE  (I.e.).  See  Average.] 

HARRAGLES,  HARRIGALS,  see  Harigalds. 

HARRAGRAF,  sb.    Sc.     A  curling  term  :  see  below. 

Slg.  Men  that  are  not  usually  taken  out  to  matches  are  called 
the  harragraf  of  the  Kippen  Curling  Club.  As  far  as  \  am  aware 
it  is  not  known  in  surrounding  clubs  (G.W.). 

HARRAN,  see  Harden,  sb.,  Harn. 

HARRAS,  see  Harvest. 

HARRASKAP,  sb.    Sh.I.    Character.     S.  &  Ork.1 

HARRAST,  sb.     Der.2  nw.Der.1    Fig.  Delight. 

HARRAST,  HARREST,  see  Harvest. 

HARREN,  see  Hairen,  Harden,  sb.,  Harn. 

HARRIAGE,  sb.  Nhp.  e.An.  Wil.  Dev.  Also  in  forms 
halledge  Wil. ;  hallege,  harrige  Wil.1 ;  harwich  e.An.1 ; 
herridge  n.Dev.  1.  A  disturbance  ;  a  bustle,  fuss. 

Wil.1  Occasionally  used  of  a  disturbance  of  some  sort,  as  'What 
a  hallege  ! '  what  a  row.  n.Dev.  Yer's  a  brave  briss  an'  herridge, 
ROCK  Jim  an'  Nell  (1867)  st.  121. 

2.  A  moving,  tumultu9us  assemblage  of  rough  people ;  a 
rabble.    Cf.  haurrage. 

Wil.  A'.  &  Q.  (1881)  6th  S.  iv.  106  ;  Wil.1  Harrige  seems  to  be 
the  original  form  of  the  word,  and  is  still  occasionally  heard  ;  but 
for  at  least  seventy  years  it  has  been  more  commonly  pronounced 
as  hallege.  Not  used  in  s.Wil.  '  Be  you  a-gwain  down  to  zee 
what  they  be  a-doing  at  theVeast?'  'No,  /bean't  a-gwain  amang 
such  a  hallege  as  that ! ' 

3.  Confusion,  disorder. 

Nhp.1  e.An.1  '  They  are  all  up  at  harriage.'  In  the  south  part 
of  Suf.  the  phrase,  '  He  is  gone  to  Harwich,'  means  he  is  gone 
to  rack  and  ruin.  Wil.1  Were  a  load  of  top  and  lop,  intended  to 
be  cut  up  for  firewood,  shot  down  clumsily  in  a  yard  gateway,  it 
would  be  said,  '  What  a  hallege  you've  a-got  there,  blocking  up 
the  way  !  '  It  sometimes  appears  to  mean  rubbish,  as  when  it  is 
applied  to  the  mess  and  litter  of  small  broken  twigs  and  chips  left 
on  the  ground  after  a  tree  has  been  cut  and  carried. 

[Prob.  conn.  w.  ME.  harageous,  violent  (Morle  Arthur)  ; 
OFr.  orageux,  stormy  (HATZFELD).] 

HARRIAL,  sb.  ?  Obs.  Cum.14  The  payment  of  the 
best  live  beast  or  dead  chattel  of  a  deceased  tenant  to  the 
lord  of  whom  he  held,  a  '  heriot.' 

[Herre3elda  is  the  best  aucht,  oxe,  kowe,  or  uther  beast 
quhilk  ane  husbandman  .  .  .  hes  in  his  possession,  the 
time  of  his  decease,  quhilk  aucht  and  suld  be  given  to  his 
Landis-lord,  SKENE  Expos,  (ed.  1641).  The  same  word  as 
OE.  heregield,  the  tribute  paid  to  the  (Danish)  host 
(Charter  of  Cnut,  an.  1018).] 

HARRIDGE,  sb.  Lakel.  Yks.  Also  written  harredge 
w.Yks.  [h)a-ridg.]  The  angular  edge  of  anything ;  the 




turned  edge  of  a  sharp  knife  ;  also  used  Jig.  a  sharp  edge 
to  one's  appetite.  See  Arris. 

Lakel. 3  Wm.  He  could  put  an  harridge  on  a  scythe.  Ah've  neea 
harridge  fer  mi  tea  (B.K.).  Yks.  (HALL.),  e.Yks.1,  w.Yks.  (J.J.B.) 

HARRIGE,  HARRIGOAD,  see  Marriage,  Harry-gaud. 

HARRIMAN,  sb.    Shr.    A  lizard,  newt.   (HALL.),  Shr.2 

HARRISH,  v.  and  sb.  Irel.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan. 
Wor.  Also  written  harish  Irel.  [h)a'rij.]  1.  v.  To 
harass,  worry,  torment,  trouble ;  to  ravage;  to  drive  about. 

Ir.  The  poor  woman  was  so  harished,  CARLETON  Traits  Peas. 
(ed.  1843)  95.  Nhb.1,  Dur.1,  Cum.1  n.Yks.1  All's  harrished  near- 
lings  te  deead  by's  ragally  gannin's  on  ;  n.Yks.4,  w.Yks.1  Lan. 
They  mun  be  harrish't,  an'  parish't,  an'  hamper't,  an'  pincer"t,  an' 
powler't  about  th'  cowd  world,  WAUGH  Cfiitn.  Corner  (1874)  141, 
ed.  1879;  Oyned  an'  harrished  whol  life  were  a  ruebargain,  CLEGG 
Sketches  (1895)  397;  Lan.1,  e.Lan.1  s.Wor.  They  cattle  bean't 
harrished  about  (H.K.). 

Hence  Harrishin',  vbl.  sb.  violent  invasion,  '  harrying.' 

2.  To  Starve  with  cold.         w.Yks.3  He  harrished  his  colts. 
Hence  Harrishing,  **/.  adj.  cold  and  stormy.    w.Yks. 


3.  sb.   Distress,  worry,  annoyance,  trouble. 

n.Yks.1  It's  been  a  sair  harrish  tiv'  'im  ;  n.Yks.4  It's  a  bit  of  a 
harrish,  but  then  wa  s'  git  ower't  sumhoo. 

HARRISH,  see  Harsh. 

HARRISpN,  sb.  Chs.1  [arisan.]  In  phr.  Harrison's 
pippin,  a  variety  of  apple  ;  see  below. 

Only  seen  in  old  orchards,  and  probably  could  not  now  be 
obtained  from  any  nurseryman.  It  is  large  and  handsome,  a 
first-class  table-fruit,  and  a  fairly  good  cooking  apple. 

HARRO,  int.  and  v.  Sc.  Also  in  forms  hary ;  hirro 
(JAM.),  Cai.1  1.  int.  Hurrah,  huzza  ! 

Sc.  (JAM.)  Fif.  '  Harro  ! '  the  folk  o'  Caryl  [Crail]  cry'd: 
'  Hurra  ! '  the  Anster  folk  reply'd  ;  '  Harro ! '  cry'd  wife  and  man, 
TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  58. 

2.  An  exclamation  of  surprise  ;  an  outcry  for  help. 
Sc.  FRANCISQUE-MICHEL  Sc.  Lang.  (1882)  168.     Cai.1 

3.  v.   To  hurrah,  huzza,  halloo.     Sc.  (JAM.) 
HARROOST,  HARROST,  see  Harvest. 
HARROW,  sb.1  and  v.    Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  and  Eng. 

[ha-ra.]  1.  sb.  In  comp.  (i)  Harrow-bills,  the  ribs  of  a 
wooden  harrow  ;  (2)  -breeth,  the  breadth  of  a  harrow  as 
shown  by  the  mark  on  the  land  over  which  it  has  been 
dragged ;  (3)  -bull  or  -bulls,  the  longitudinal  beams  of  a 
wooden  hairow  in  which  the  iron  teeth  are  inserted  ;  (4) 
-plough,  a  plough  used  for  killing  weeds  in  the  dressing 
of  turnips,  &c. ;  (5)  -rest,  the  rest-harrow,  Ononis  arvensis; 
(6)  -shaikle,  the  shackle  by  which  a  pair  of  harrows  are 
linked  together ;  (7)  -sheth,  the  transverse  framework  of 
a  harrow ;  (8)  -slaying,  the  destruction  of  grass-seeds  by 
rain,  before  they  have  struck  root,  when  the  mould  has 
been  too  much  pulverized  ;  (9)  -teeth,  the  iron  teeth  of  a 
harrow  ;  used  Jig. ;  (10)  -tines  or  -tynes,  the  iron  teeth  of 
a  harrow;  (n)  -tree,  the  piece  of  wood  by  which  the 
harrow  is  yoked. 

(i)  Cnm.4  (2)  Nhb.»  (3)  Nhb.1,  Cum.14,  e.Yks.1  n.Lin. 
You'd  hcv  no  more  thought  about  them  papers  then  a  hos- 
shoe  hes  about  a  harrow-bull,  PEACOCK  J.  Markenfield  (1874) 
I.  114;  n.Liu.1  (4)  Lth.  (JAM.,  s.v.  Fotch-plough.)  (5)  n.Lin.1 
(6,  7)  Nhb.1  (8)  Sc.  The  mould  .  .  .  will  be  in  danger  of 
being  washed  from  the  grain,  if  rain  comes  before  it  strikes  root 
fully  ;  which  in  that  case  will  malt,  then  be  scorched  by  the  sun, 
and  killed ;  which  is  ...  called  harrow-slaying,  MAXWELL  Scl. 
Trans.  (1743)  251  (JAM.).  (g'l  Dmb.  It'll  mak'  nae  difference  if  the 
Doctor  gets  me  under  the  harrow-teeth  o'  the  law,  CROSS  Disrup- 
tion (1844)  vi.  w.Yks.  'All  of  you  masters,'  as  the  toad  said  to 
the  harrow-teeth,  Prov.  in  Brighouse  News  (July  23,  1887).  (10) 
ne.Sc.  At  times  a  bundle  or  two  of  harrow-tynes  to  dry  and  harden, 
GREGOR  Flk-Lore  (1881)  51.  [The  plough-irons  new-laid— the 
harrow-tines  new-laid,  sharpened,  and  firmly  fastened,  STEPHENS 
Farm  Bk.  (ed.  1849)  I.  504.]  (n)  Nhb.i 
2.  Phr.  (i)  to  live  or  to  lead  a  life  like  a  toad  under  a  harrow, 
to  suffer  from  ill-treatment  or  ill-usage ;  (2)  to  pass  the 
harrow,  see  below;  (3)  to  trail  a  light  harrow,  to  be  a 
bachelor  ;  to  have  a  small  family,  have  few  worries  or 
cares ;  (4)  to  clear  the  harrows,  to  get  one's  object,  attain 

one's  desire ;  (5)  to  have  one  leg  over  the  harrows,  to  break 
loose,  become  unmanageable ;  (6)  to  run  away  with  the 
harrows,  (a)  to  be  in  too  great  a  hurry  ;  (b)  to  carry  off  the 
prize;  to  acquire  superiority;  (7)  to  run  off  with  ihenarrows, 
(a)  to  go  too  fast ;  to  carry  things  too  far  ;  (b)  see  (5) ;  (8) 
to  see  or  hear  how  the  harrows  are  going,  to  see  how  matters 
are  progressing. 

(i)Sc.  (A. W.), Dur.1, n.Yks.2  (2)Sh.I.Passin'theharrow...wasa 
performance  seldom  practised,  except  by  some  person  of  a '  deil-may- 
care  '  disposition.  .  .  This  was  supposed  to  unfold  the  future,  even 
the  spirit  world  ;  and  the  person  who  had  the  hardihood  to  '  go  i' 
da  harrow '  never  revealed  what  they  either  saw  or  heard,  and 
always  warned  others  not  to  try  such  a  trick.  .  .  Three  harrows 
were  placed,  some  distance  apart,  outside  the  open  fodder  door 
of  an  old  barn,  and  at  the  hour  of  midnight  a  person  went  blind- 
fold into  the  yard,  and  passed  back  foremost  over  each  harrow  in 
turn,  thence  through  the  barn  window,  and  at  the  end  of  the  jour- 
ney he  was  supposed  to  fall  into  a  sort  of  trance  and  hear  and  see 
unutterable  things,  SPENCE  Flk-Lore  (1899)  194.  (3)  n.Yks.  Neea, 
neea,  he's  nane  married.  He  still  trails  a  leeght  harrow,  ATKIN- 
SON Maori.  Parish  (1891)  35  ;  n.Yks.1 ;  n.Yks.2  He  trails  a  light 
harrow,  his  hat  covers  his  family  ;  n.Yks.4,  w.Yks.1  (4)  Ayr.  O, 
for  a  cot,  a  wee  bit  grun',  An'  twa  three  lads,  that  trade  in  fun,  To 
be  my  marrows,  Then,  let  the  warld  lose  or  win,  I've  clear'd  the 
harrows,  AINSLIE  Land  of  Burns  (ed.  1892)  215.  (5)  Sc.  A  phr. 
borrowed  from  an  unruly  horse  or  ox  (JAM.)  ;  She  has  her  leg 
ower  the  harrows  now  .  . .  stop  her  wha  can,  SCOTT  Old  Mortality 
(1816)  viii.  (6,  a)  Sc.  Applied  to  those  who  do  not  reason  fairly 
(JAM. "I.  Dmb.  Hooly,  freends,  hooly  !  Ye  mauna  rin  awa'  wi'  the 
harrows  that  way,  CROSS  Disruption  (1844)  xxxix.  e.Ltli.  Ye're 
rinnin  awa  wi'  the  harrows  noo,  HUNTER  J.  Inwick  (1895  79.  (b) 
Ayr.  (JAM.)  (7,  a)  Sc.  That's  a  wheen  blethers,  Will !  an  it's  aye 
your  way  to  run  aff  wi'  the  harrows,  Cracks  about  Kirk  (1843)  I- 
3.  (b)  Rnf.  Twad  be  a  guid  joke  if  a  rough  kintry  chiel  Soud  rin 
afT  wi'  the  harrows.  PICKEN  Poems  (1813)  II.  132.  (8)  Ayr.  We 
was  curious  too,  ye  ken,  just  to  hear  hoo  the  harrows  were  gaun, 
noo  that  Robert  Simpson  has  been  left  the  rough  o'  the  siller, 
JOHNSTON  Glcnbuckic  (1889)  74. 

3.  pi.   The  longitudinal  bars  of  a  harrow.    Wil.  DAVIS 
Agric.  (1813)  ;  Wil.1 

4.  v.    Fig.  With  up  :  to  arouse,  stir  up. 

Edb.To  harrow  up  the  Juler's  rage,  L,EARMONT.Po£»«s(i79i)  166. 

5.  To  harass,  distress,  fatigue  greatly.     Gen.  used  in  pp. 
Lin.  (HALL.)     n.Lin.  I  was  fair  arra'd  wi'  it  all  (M.P.) ;  SUTTON 

Wds.  (i88ij  ;  n.Lin.1  sw.Lin.1  It's  fit  to  harrow  one  to  dead.  I 
was  harrowed,  taking  up  after  my  husband  in  one  of  them  closen. 

6.  To  be  beaten,  overcome,  brought  to  a  standstill ;  to  be 
obstructed  by  an  impediment  or  obstacle.     Gen.  in  pp. 

e.Yks.1  Ah  thowt  Ah  could  lowzen  this  knot,  but  Ah's  boon  t! 
be  harrovv'd.  Glo.1  He  was  goin  to  the  station  with  all  them 
things,  and  was  reglar  harrowed,  and  had  to  get  a  man  to  help 
carry  them. 

HARROW,  si.2  Dor.  The  hinder  upright  timber  of 
a  gate  by  which  it  is  hung  to  its  post,  the  '  harr.' 

The  one  in  the  middle,  between  the  harrow  and  the  head,  is  the 
middle  spear,  BARNES  Gl.  (1863) ;  (C.W.) 

[Ye  harrow  of  a  gate,  Ace.  St.  John's  Hosp.  Canterbury 
(1528)  (N.E.D.).] 

HARROW-GOOSE,  sb.  Irel.  [Not  known  to  our 
correspondents.]  A  large  bird  (?). 

N.I.1  HARRIS  Hist.  Dum.  (1744). 

HARROWSTER,  sb.    Sc.    A  spawned  haddock. 

ne.Sc.  The  saying  about  the  spawned  haddock,  harrowster  or 
kameril,  is  that  it  is  not  good  till  it  gets  three  dips  in  the  May  flood, 
GREGOR  Flk-f.ore  (18811  146.  Bnff.1 

HARRUP,  HARRUST,  see  Hairif,  Harvest. 

HARRY,  sb.1  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  and  Eng. 
Also  in  forms  hairey  Lnk. ;  harie  Sc.  (JAM.);  herry  Yks. ; 
horry  se.Wor.1  [h)a-ri.]  1.  In  comb.  (i)Harry-banning, 
the  stickleback,  Gasterosteus  tracliurus ;  (2) — behint,  always 
last  or  behindhand  ;  (3)  —  Denchman,  the  hooded  crow, 
Corvus  cornix ;  (4)  —  Hurcheon  or  Hutcheon,  a  children's 
game  ;  see  below ;  also  called  Curcuddie  (q.v.) ;  (5)  -long- 
legs,  the  cranefly  or  daddy-long-legs,  Tipula  gigantea  ; 
(6)-purcan,  the  game  of 'blind  man's  buff ';  (7)  —Whistle, 
a  name  given  to  the  second  finger ;  (8)  —  Wibel,  a  name 
given  to  the  thumb. 

(i)  n.Cy.  (HALL.)     (2)  Cum.14     (3)  e.An.1     Nrf.  Arch.  (1879) 




VIII.  170.  (4)  n.Sc.  The  game  called  Harry  Hurcheon  ...  is  a  gro- 
tesque kind  of  dance,  performed  in  a  shortened  posture,  sitting  on 
one's  hams,  with  arms  akimbo,  the  dancers  forming  a  circle  of 
independent  figures,  CHAMBERS  Pop.  Rhymes  (1890)  139;  The 
name  of  a  play  among  children,  in  which  they  hop  round  in  a  ring, 
sitting  on  their  hams  (JAM.).  (5)  e.Lan.1  Chs.1  Occasionally,  but 
daddy-long-legs  is  more  common.  s.Chs.1.  nw.Der.1.  Not.1,  s.Not. 
(J.P.K.),  Lei.1,  Nhp.1,  War.12,  se.Wor.1  Shr.1  'Arry,  'Arry-lung 
legs,  Couldna  say  'is  prars ;  Kecht  'im  by  the  lef  leg,  An  throwed 
'im  down  stars,  Children's  Doggerel  Verse.  Hnt.  (T.P.F.^  (6)  Per. 
(G.W.)  (7,  8)  w.Yks.2  Well  known  in  the  neighbourhood  of 
Sheffield  (s.v.  Fingers). 

2.  The  devil,  esp.  in  comb.  Old  Harry,  Lord  Harry,  &c. 
Sc.  (JAM.)     Per.  I'll  play  old  Harry  wi  ye  (G.W.).     Lnk.  By 

the  livin'  hairey,  if  I  could  win  ower  tae  them  I  wad  gi'e  them 
something  tae  lauch  at,  WARDROP  /.  Maihison  (1881)  44.  Dub. 
(A.S.-P.)  Wmh.  By  the  lord  Harry  (#.).  Yks.  Herry  with  long 
nails,  the  Devil  \K.).  w.Yks.2  A  girl  said  that  her  rubbing-stones 
in  the  kitchen  were 'as  hard  as  Old  Harry.'  Lan.  I  wundurt  what 
i'  th'  neme  o'  owd  harry,  wurt'  do  weh  meh,  PAUL  BOBBIN  Sequel 
(1819)17;  I'm  fettlet  now,  by  the  Lord  Harry !  BURNETT Haworih's 
(1887^  xxxvi.  Nrf.  Yow'd  maake  peaace  wuth  owd  Harry  hisself! 
A.B.K.  Wrights  Fortune  (1885^1  55. 

3.  Phr.  to  play  harry  over  any  one,  to  beat  or  punish 
severely.     N.Cy.1,  Yks.  (J.W.) 

4.  A  countryman,  rude  boor;   an  opprobrious  term  ap- 
plied to  a  woman. 

Fif.  The  severest  criticism  of  conduct  indeed  was  directed  to  the 
frailer  sex,  progressively  characterized  by  the  epithets — '  gilpy,' 
'besom,'  'hizzie,'  'harry,'  'randy,'  '  limmer,'  COLVILLE  Vernacular 
(1899)  18.  w.Yks.  (HALL.),  w.Yks.1 

5.  The  youngest  and  smallest  pig  in  a  litter.     Also  in 
comb.  Harry  pig. 

Hrt.  You  call  'em  Harries,  we  call  'em  cads  at  my  home  (G.H.  G.). 
Hrt.,  Cmb.,  Ken.,  Wil.  Common  (J.W.B.). 

6.  The  male  of  any  species  of  animal.    e.Lan.1 

7.  The  remainder  of  the  porridge  left  in  the  dish  after 
every  one  has  been  supplied. 

Lakel.2  When  t'poddish  hes  been  sarra'd  oot,  an'  ther's  some 
left,  that's  Harry.  Wm.  Barley  me  t'harry  [a  hungry  lad's  method 
of  claiming  more  than  his  share]  (B.K. ). 

HARRY,  sb.2  and  v.1    Sc.  Yks.   Also  in  form  ary  e.Yks. 

1.  sb.  A  harrow. 

Sc.  Ye're  like  Burns,  surely,  ye've  pickit  it  up ...  at  the  ploo, 
an'  the  harries,  SWAN  Gates  of  Eden  (1895)  vii. 

2.  v.  Obs.  To  harrow,  turn  up  the  soil  for  the  destruction 
of  weeds. 

e.Yks.  Christmasse,  when  men  shoulde  beginne  to  fallowe  and 
ary,  BEST  Rur.  Econ.  (1641)  76. 

HARRY,  v?  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan.  I.Ma. 
Der.  Nhp.  War.  Also  in  forms  hairry  ne.Sc. ;  hairy  Fif; 
herrie  Bnff.1 ;  herry  Sc.  Cai.1  N.Cy.2  Nhb.  Lakel.1  Cum. 
Wm.  I.Ma.  [h)a-ri,  hje'ri.]  1.  To  rob,  plunder,  pillage, 
used  esp.  of  robbing  birds'  nests. 

ne.Sc.They  hairry  folk  biggin  kirks  and  payin'  steepin's,  Gordon- 
haven  (1887)  86.  Bnff.  Thae  to  herry  Wha  simply  trust  the 
h — born  rogues,  TAYLOR  Poems  (1787)  10.  Abd.  It  was  no  use 
people  herryin'  themsel's  an'  throwin'  awa  gweed  siller  upon  'im, 
ALEXANDER  Ain  Flk.  (1882)  96.  Frf.  Think  shame  of  yotirsel', 
lassie,  for  harrying  birds'  nests,  BARRIE  Tommy  (1896)  169.  Per. 
Be  sure  he's  herryin'  craws'  nests,  FORD  Harp  (1893)  152.  Fif. 
Peeseweet,  peeseweet,  hairy  my  nest  and  gar  me  greet,  COLVILLE 
Vernacular  (1899)  12.  s.Sc.  Did  the  rascal  harry  ye  oot  and  oot  ? 
WILSON  Tales  (1839)  V.  18.  Dinb.  To  herry  Halket  on  the 
Tyesday  night,  SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  14.  Lnk.  Herrying 
nests  in  the  wuds,  FRASER  Whaups  (1895)  xii.  ^  e.Lth.  Thae 
locus'  beas'  that  cam  up  in  a  michty  swarm  .  .  .  an'  herried  the 
haill  land  o'  Israel,  HUNTER  J.  Inwick  (1895)  83.  Edb.  Herryin' 
Unties,  yites  an'  kays,  FORBES  Poems  (1812)  104.  Slk.  As  for 
pyats  an'  the  like,  I  used  to  herry  them  without  compunction, 
CHR.  NORTH  Nodes  (ed.  1856)  III.  4.  Gall.  To  harry  their  houses 
and  gear,  CROCKETT  Standard  Bearer  (1898)  52.  Wgt.  The  Bailie 
wad  travel  frae  Wigtown  tae  Burrowhead  tae  harry  a  piet's  nest, 
FRASER  Wigtown  (1877)  263.  n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790) ;  Border  Gl. 
(Coll.  L.L.B.);  N.Cy.12  Nhb.  Thoo'l't  take  care  o'  me?  Thoo 
winnot  let  her  harry  me  again,  that  gate?  CLARE  Love  of  Lass 
(1890)  I.  216 ;  The  word  survives  in  constant  use  as  applied  to  the 
pillage  of  birds'  nests,  &c.  (R.O.H.)  Dur.  GIBSON  Up-Weardale 
Gl.  (1870).  Lakel.1  Cum.  A  hive,  owr  ventersome  wad  herry, 
VOL.  HI. 

RELPH  Misc.  Poems  (1747)  60;  There  was  a  corbie's  nest  in  the 
hee  plantin  but  it  was  harried  lang  syne  (J.Ar.) ;  Gl.  (1851) ;  Cum.1 ; 
Cum.4  Refers  gen.  to  birds'  nests.  Cum.,  Wm.  NICOLSON  (1677) 
Trans.R.  Lit. Soc. (1868  IX.  e.Yks. THOMPSON  #<«/.  Welton(i&6g). 

Hence  (i)  Harried, ppl.  adj.  plundered,  robbed,  pillaged ; 
(2)  Harryer  or  Herrier,  sb.  a  robber ;  a  rifler  of  birds' 
nests ;  (3)  Harrying  or  Herrying,  (a)  ppl.  adj.  robbing, 
plundering  ;  (b)  vbl.  sb.  the  act  of  robbing  or  plundering  ; 
(4)  Harry-net,  sb.  a  net,  used  to  catch  or  retain  fish  of 
a  small  size  ;•  (5)  Herrial  or  Herrieal,  sb.  that  which 
causes  loss  or  ruin  ;  fig.  a  great  expense  ;  (6)  Herriement, 
see  (3,  b)  ;  (7)  Kerry-water,  sb.  (a)  see  (4) ;  (b)  a  selfish 
person  who  takes  all  he  can  get. 

(i)  Lnk.  Like  a  lanely  herrit  ane  [bird]  Nae  biding  place  I've 
here,  LEMON  St.  Mungo  (1844)  18.  Dmf.  I  lookit  roun  At  oor 
herrit  nest,  REID  Poems  '1894)  128.  Gall.  Like  a  bird  out  of  a 
harried  nest,  CROCKETT  Standard  Bearer  (1898)  226.  (2)  Per.  He 
had  repeatedly  foiled  parties  of  Highland  harryers,  MONTEATH 
Dunblane  (1835)  19,  ed.  1888.  Ayr.  Quate,  retired,  and  ooto'  the 
herders'  ken,  SERVICE  Notandums  (1890)  51.  Slk.  When  I  was 
a  laddie,  I  was  an  awfu'  herrier,  CHR.  NORTH  Noctes  fed.  1856) 
III.  3.  (3,  a)  Gall.  Like  bees  from  a  byke  upon  a  company  of 
harrying  boys,  CROCKETT  Standard  Bearer  (1898)  314.  (6)  Ayr. 
The  nests  would  be  weel  worth  the  herryin',  SERVICE  Dr.  Duguid 
(ed.  1887)  262.  (4)  n.Sc.  (JAM.)  (5)  Bnff.1  It's  a  perfit  herrieal 
t'  ha'e  t'  keep  sae  mony  servan's.  Abd.  They're  sic  a  herrial,that 
bulks,  ALEXANDER  Johnny  Gibb  (1871)  x.  (6}  Fif.  Kirk-spulyie, 
herriement,  and  raid,  Gaed  on  mair  fast  than  ever,  TENNANT 
Papistry  (1827)  210.  Ayr.  The  herryment  and  ruin  of  the  country, 
BURNS  Brigs  of  Ayr  (1787)  1.  171.  (7,  a)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (6)  Cai.1 
The  phr.  refers  to  such  as  would  clear  all  the  fish  out  of  a  stream 
by  dragging  it  with  a  net,  thus  leaving  none  to  the  angler. 

2.  To  harass,  oppress,  despoil,  ruin ;   to  hunt  or  drive 
off;  to  drag  or  carry  off.     Gen.  with  q^"or  out. 

Sc.  They  have  come  to  herry  us  out  of  house  and  ha',  SCOTT 
Leg.  Mont.  (1818)  iv.  Kcd.  We're  herrit,  wife!  we're  herrit 
clean!  Faur,  faur's  the  fusky  pig?  GRANT  Lays  (1884)  6.  Per. 
Noo  ye  wud  harry  [hunt]  me  aff  again,  IAN  MACLAREN  K.  Carnegie 
(1896)  217.  Dmb.  Be  harried  out  like  gipsy  horde  at  e'en, 
SALMON  Gowodean  (1868)  24.  Ayr.  The  avenger  coming  to  herry 
you  out  o'  house  and  hame,  GALT  Lairds  (1826)  xiv.  Lnk.  The 
bairns  o'  yer  bairns .  .  .  Will  be  harry't  wi'  taxes,  an'  put  to  the 
horn,  HAMILTON  Poems  (1865)  46.  Kcb.  We'll  be  harried  out  o' 
house  an'  ha'  in  a  crack,  ELDER  Borgue  (1897)  28.  w.Yks.  The 
divil's  harried  off  his  soul,  BRONTE  Wuthering  fits.  (1847)  xxxiv. 
Lan.  When  owd  Holte  and  t'Ratchda  'torney  ud  a  harried  me  off 
yon  bit  of  waste.  KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH  Scarsdale  (1860)  III.  74; 
Harry  them  o'  fro'  their  feythers  graves  an'  owd  whoams,  ib.  I.  191. 

3.  To  harass,  tease,  worry,  bother ;    to  overdo,  urge, 
impel,  hurry  on.    Also  usedy?§-. 

Wm.  (E.C.),  n.Yks.2,  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.  Ben  wor  one  o'  them 
poor  miln  hands  'at  hed  been  '  harrud  off,'  Yksman.  (1880)  139. 
Lan.  An  oi  wunnot  harry  a  poor  man  wi'  law,  KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH 
Scarsdale  (1860)  III.  74  ;  Yo'  dunnot  harry  me  wi'  talk,  BURNETT 
Lowrie's  (,1877)  vii.  I.Ma.  The  short  seas  herryin  her,  BROWN 
Yarns  (1881)  265,  ed.  1889.  nw.Der.1  War.1  When  a  number  of 
workmen  are  employed  together,  and  one  supplies  another  with 
such  a  load  as  he  is  unable  to  convey  in  time  to  the  next,  he  is 
said  to  harry  the  man,  and  the  person  thus  harried  or  overladen  is 
turned  out  of  the  party  ;  War.2 

Hence  (i)  Harried,  ppl.  adj.  overdone,  wearied,  jaded  ; 
harassed  ;  (2)  Harry,  int.,  see  below  ;  (3)  Harrying,  ppl. 
adj.  worrying,  harassing,  wearying. 

(i)  Nhb.  Aa'm  fairly  herryt  oot,  man,  wi'  carryin'  that  poke  o' 
yets  up  thame  lang  granery  stairs  (R.O.H. ).  Lakel.2  Ah's  fairly 
harried.  Ye've  harried  mi'  wi'  meat.  e.Yks.1  s.Lin.  A  farm 
labourer  on  being  asked  how  he  is  or  how  he  feels  after  a  hard 
day's  work,  usually  answers  '  I'm  harrad '  (T.H.R.).  (2)  Nhp.1  A 
jeering  interjectional  imperative,  used  when  a  labourer  or  navigator 
is  overladen  and  cannot  wheel  his  barrow  (for  instance)  along : 
his  fellow-workmen  then  cry  out  'harry!  harry!'  (3)  n.Yks.2 
A  harrying  sort  of  a  body. 

HARRY-GAUD,  sb.  and  v.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Yks.  Nrf.  Also 
written  harrigaud  Yks. ;  harrygawd  n.Cy. ;  and  in  forms 

wanton  girl  or  child  ;  a  run-about,  flighty  or  good-for- 
nothing  person.    Also  used^.  and  attrib. 





n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790)  ;  (K.);  BAILEY  (1731);  N.Cy.12,  Nhb.i  Yks. 
She's  a  wonderful  sensible  young  body,  is  Letty,  noan  o'  yer 
harrygauds,  FARQUHAR  Frankheart,  199.  n. Yks.  When  Ah'dgetten 
t'awd  harrigooad  .  .  .  tonn'd  out  o'  t'gardin',  TWEDDELL  Clevel. 
Rhymes  (1875)  48  ;  n.Yks.2  'A  harrigoad  wind,'  a  rushing  mighty 
wind.  '  A  coarse  harrigoad  fellow.'  ne.Yks.1  Whau's  them  harry- 
gauds 'at  gans  shootin'  an'  beealin  an'  gaapin  i  t'toon  ?  m.Yks.1 

2.  A  master  of  labour,  who  is  continually  goading  on  his 
workmen  to  greater  exertion.    e.Yks.1 

3.  v.   To  go  about  in  a  wild,  flighty  manner  ;  to  ramble, 
roam  about. 

Yks.  Mind  thou  comes  yam  i'  good  time,  an'  dinnet  gan  harri- 
gaudin'  about  (T.K.).  m.Yks.1  Freq.  used  towards  grown  children. 
'  Where's  thou  been  harrigoading  while  [till]  now  ? ' 

HARRYWIG,  see  Earwig. 

HARSH,  adj.  Nhb.  Dur.  Yks.  Chs.  Stf.  Der.  Rut. 
Nhp.  War.  Glo.  Hnt.  Hmp.  I.W.  Wil.  Som.  Also  in 
forms  ash  Stf.1  Rut.  ;  harrish  Nhb.1 ;  hash  Dur.1  w.Yks.1 
nw.Der.1  Nhp.1  War.3  Glo.1  Hnt.  Hmp.1  I.W.12  Wil. 
w.Som.1  [af,  h)aj,  aef.]  1.  Of  the  wind  or  weather: 
piercing,  bitter,  cold,  severe.  Cf.  hask,  adj.1 

Nhb.  The  wun's  varry  harrish  (R.O.H.) ;  Nhb.1,  Dur.1  w.Yks.1 
It  is  hash  and  cold.  Chs.1  The  opposite  to  '  melsh  '  (q.v.).  s.Chs.1 
It)s  fl  aa'rsh  weynd  bloa'in  tQdee- — mai'z  dhu  ae-r  snai'ch  [It's  a 
harsh  weind  blowin'  to-dee — mays  the  air  snaitch].  Stf.1  Ash 
wind,  east  wind.  Rut.  I  have  a  bad  cold,  and  am  hoast  all  through 
them  ash  winds,  N.  V  Q.  (1876-1  sth  S.  v.  363.  Nhp.1  It's  a  very 
hash  wind.  Glo.1  Applied  to  the  east  wind.  Hnt.  (T.P.F.) 
n.Wil.  Used  commonly  in  the  expression  used  of  March  weather : 
'  'Tis  vurry  hash  dryin' '  (E.H.G.). 

2.  Unpleasant,  rough  ;  parched,  dry  ;  not  pliable. 
nw.Der.1     Nhp.1  My  hands  are  very  hash.    War.3  It  is  very  'ash 

and  dry  [speaking  of  arable  land].  Hmp.1  That  rope's  too  hash. 
Wil.  BRITTON  Beauties  (1825).  w.Som.1  Chiefly  applied  to  texture 
or  material,  to  denote  want  of  softness.  The  word  would  not  be 
applied  to  conduct.  '  This  yer  cloth  don't  han'le  soft  enough,  'tis 
too  hash ;  I  be  safe  font  wear.' 

3.  Vigorous,  energetic,  hasty,  impetuous. 

s.Chs.1  Yoa  wiid-)nu  thingk-  uz  Ben  ud  gy'et  su  eksahytid;  biit 
ey)z  aa'rsh  wen  ey  gy'ets  ugy'ai't  [Yo  wudna  think  as  Ben  'ud 
get  so  excited;  but  he's  harsh  when  he  gets  agate].  I.W.1 ;  I.W.2 
Don't  ee  be  too  hash  wi'  that  colt. 

HARSK,  see  Hask,  adj.1 

HARSLEM,  sb.     Ken.1    [a'zlam.]     An  asylum. 

When  he  got  to  settin'  on  de  hob  and  pokin'  de  fire  wid's 
fingers,  dey  thought  'twas  purty  nigh  time  dey  had  him  away  to 
de  harslem. 

HARSLET,  HARST,  HARSY,  see  Haslet,  Harvest, 
Haw,  sb.1 

HART,  sb.  and  v.  n.Cy.  Yks.  Also  Hmp.  Dor.  Also 
written  heart  Hmp.1  I.  sb.  In  comb,  (i)  Hart-berries, 
the  whortle-berry,  Vaccinium  myrtillus  ;  (2)  -(s  claver  or 
clover,  obs.,  the  melilot,  Melilotus  officinalis. 

(i)  Dor.  BARNES  Gl.  (1863);  N.  &  Q.  (.1877)  5th  S.  viii.  45.    (a) 
n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790);  (K.);  BAILEY  (1721);  N.Cy.2,  Yks.  (B.  &  H.) 
2.  v.    Phr.  to  go  harting,  to  gather  whortle-  or  bilberries. 

HART,  HARTISTRAW,  HARTLE,  see  Haft,  sb.1, 
Harvest-shrew,  Harkle. 

HARTOGS,  sb.  pi.    War.    See  below. 

I  dote  on  what  are  called  '  hartogs ' — that  is,  good  clothes  that 
are  gone  to  the  bad — or  at  any  rate  are  a  long  way  past  their  best, 
Midi.  C.  Herald  ,Sept.  15,  1898). 

HARTS,  see  Ort. 

HARUM,  adj.    Nhp.1     [e-ram.]     Untidy,  slovenly. 

HARVE,  sb.1  and  v.   Dev.  Cor.   [av.]      1.  sb.  A  harrow. 

Dev.  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863).  s.Dev.,  e.Cor.  (Miss  D.) 
Cor.  THOMAS  Randigal  Rhymes  (1895)  Gl.  ;  Cor.12 

2.  v.   To  harrow. 

Cor.  So  I  ploughed — and  harvey'd,  THOMAS  Randigal  Rhymes 
(1895)  6 ;  Cor.2 
[2.  ME.  harwen,  to  harrow  (P.  Plowman).} 

HARVE,  sb.2  Ess.  A  close  or  small  piece  of  land 
near  a  house  ;  a  'haw.'  Gl.  (1851) ;  Ess.1 

HARV(E,  HARVER,  see  Hauve,  v.1,  However. 

HARVEST,  sb.  and  v.  Var.  dial,  forms  and  uses  in  Sc. 
Irel.  and  Eng.  I.  Dial,  forms :  (i)  Arrest,  (2)  Aurrust, 

(3)  Haerst,  (4)  Hairst,  (5)  Haist,  (6)  Rarest,  (7)  Har'est, 
(8)  Harras,  (9)  Harrast,  do)  Harrest,  (11)  Harrist,  (12) 
Harroost,  (13)  Harrost,  (14)  Harrust,  (15)  Harst,  (16) 
Har'st,  (17)  Harvis,  (18)  Harwust,  (19)  Hearesth,  (20) 
Hearst.  [For  further  examples  see  n.  below.] 

(i)  Glo.1,  w.Som.1  Dev.  I've  a  mind  tu  bide  till  arter  'ay-arrest, 
PHILLPOTTS  Dartmoor  ( 1896}  144.  (a)  Wor.  GROSE  (1790).  (3) 
Rnf.  After  haerst,  our  kirn  cam'  roun',  PICKEN  Poems  (.1813)  I. 
137.  (4)  Sc.  (JAM.),  Cai.1,  Bnff.1  Nhb.  There's  going  to  be  a  good 
hairst,  WHITE  Nhb.  (1859)  6a.  (5)  Mry.  (JAM.)  (6)  n.Dev.  How 
dedst  thee  stertlee  upon  the  Zess  last  barest,  Exm.  Scold.  (1746) 
'•  32-  17)  w.Yks.3  Som,  Tis  handy  enough  to  get  in  the  har'est 
just  so  well,  RAYMOND  Men  o"  Mendip  (1898)  viii.  (8)  Som. 
JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng.  (1835").  (9)  Der.2,  nw.Der.1,  Shr.2 
(10)  Yks.  (K.\  Glo.1  Wil. BRITTON  Beauties  (1835).  w.Som.1  Dev. 
Za  zune's  the  harrest  is  awver,  HEWETT  Peas.  Sf.  (1892).  n.Dev. 
GROSE  (1790).  (n)  Gall.  (A.W.)  Nhb.  The  hindor-end  o'  barley 
harrist,  RoBSONBA.  Ruth  (1860)  xi.  23.  (12)  Shr.1  113)  Der.1  (14) 
w.Yks.2  (15)  Sc.  QAM.)  (16)  Edb.  Our  eldin's  driven,  an'  our 
har'st  is  owr,  FERGUSSON  Poems  (1773)  no,  ed.  1785.  Bwk.  The 
earliest  ha'rst  that  e'er  was  seen,  HENDERSON  Pop.  Rhymes  (1856) 
19.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl.  (Coll.  L.L.B.)  Cum.1  (17)  w.Yks.  (J.W.) 
I.Ma.  The  Docthor  must  come  with  him  for  harvis,  BROWN  Doctor 
(1887)  46.  (18)  Don.  To  sport  it  in  the  Glenties  harwust  fair, 
MACMANUS  Maguire  in  Harper's  Mag.  (Jan.  1900)  212.  (19)  Wxf.1 
(20)  Rnf.  The  hearst  on  us  is  drawing,  WEBSTER  Rhymes  (1835)  3. 

II.  Dial.  uses.  1.  sb.  In  CO»M/>.(I)  Harvest-beef,  butcher's 
meat,  eaten  in  harvest,  whether  beef  or  mutton  ;  (2)  -beer, 
strong,  twelve-month-old  ale  ;  (3)  -bell,  a  bell  rung  daily 
during  harvest  at  the  parish  church ;  (4)  -bottle,  a  small 
cask  or  barrel  with  handles  in  which  beer  or  cider  is 
carried  to  the  fields  at  harvest-time ;  (5)  -bug,  the  lady- 
bird, Coccinella  septempitnctata  ;  (6)  -cart,  the  cart  carrying 
the  last  load  of  harvest;  (7)  -dam,  harvest-home;  (8) 
•day,  a  day  during  harvest ;  (9)  -drink,  (a)  thin  ale  brewed 
for  harvest;  (b)  see  (2);  (10)  -ears,  deaf-ears;  see 
below;  (n) -folks,  workers  engaged  as  harvesters;  (12) 
-gearing  or  -gears,  the  rails  fixed  on  a  cart  for  carrying 
hay  or  corn  ;  (13)  -gloves,  special  sheepskin  gloves  used 
in  binding  corn  into  sheaves ;  (14)  -goose,  (a)  a  goose  pro- 
vided at  a  harvest-supper;  (b)  a  young  goose  fed  on 
stubble  ;  (15)  -hog,  a  young  sheep  that  is  smeared  at  the 
end  of  harvest,  when  it  ceases  to  be  a  lamb  ;  (16)  -home, 
(a)  the  feast  given  by  a  farmer  at  the  conclusion  of  the 
harvest ;  (b)  winter ;  (17)  -hummard,  a  beetle  very  pre- 
valent at  harvest-time ;  (18)  -lady,  the  second  reaper  in 
the  row,  who  takes  the  place  of  the  principal  reaper,  on 
his  occasional  absence  ;  (19)  -lice,  the  fruits  of  the  common 
agrimony,  Agrimonia  Eupatoria,  and  the  goose-grass, 
Galium  Aparine ;  (20)  -lily,  the  great  bindweed,  Convol- 
vulus septum  •  (21)  -load,  the  last  load  carried  in  harvest ; 
(22)  -loaf,  a  large  loaf,  placed  on  the  altar  at  a  harvest- 
festival,  and  afterwards  divided  amongst  the  poorest 
villagers;  (23)  -lord,  the  principal  reaper,  who  goes  first 
and  whose  motions  regulate  those  of  his  followers ;  (24) 
•maiden,  a  figure  formed  of  a  sheaf,  which  surmounted 
the  last  load  of  grain  brought  home  ;  (25)  -man,  (a)  a 
worker  only  employed  at  harvest-time ;  (b)  a  kind  of 
spider  with  very  long  legs  ;  the  cranefly,  Tepula gigan/ea; 

(26)  -Monday,  the  Monday  occurring  about  four  weeks 
before  the  anticipated  commencement  of  the  local  harvest ; 

(27)  -moon,  the  September  moon  ;  (28)  -play,  the  holidays 
of  a  school  during  the  time  of  harvest ;  the  autumn  holi- 
days ;  (29)  -queen,  the  belle  of  the  harvest-home  dance ; 
(30)  -rig,  (a)  the  harvest-field  or  field  on  which  reaping 
goes   on  ;    (b)  the  couple,  man  and  woman,  who  reap 
together  in  harvest ;  (31)  -roup,  the  sale  by  auction  held 
at   a  harvest-fair;    (32)   -schelley,  a  variety   of  Salmo 
lavaretus  ;   (33)  -shearers,  workers  at  the  harvest ;    (34) 
-vaicance,  see  (28) ;  (35)  -wet  or  -whet,  a  beer  frolic  at 
the  commencement  ofharvest. 

(i)  Nrf.  GROSE  (1790).  e.Nrf.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1787". 
e.Snf.  I'm  fatting  this  bullock  for  harvest-beef  (F.H.).  (2)  Shr.1 
(3)  e.Yks.  The  ancient  custom  of  ringing  the  harvest  bell  daily 
during  harvest  at  the  parish  church,  Driffield,  was  begun  yesterday. 
The  first  bell  is  rung  at  five  in  the  morning,  and  the  evening  bell 
at  eight.  The  parish  clerk  has  performed  this  duty  for  fifty  years, 




he  having  just  completed  his  jubilee  in  that  office,  Dy.  Mail  (Aug. 
23,  1898).  (4)  War.  (J.R.W.)  (5)  Cum.  In  one  or  two  localities, 
notably  at  Skinburness  (E.W.P.).  (6)  s.Not.  It  used  to  be 
decorated  with  ash  boughs,  and  the  boys  of  the  village  rode 
in  it  singing  their  traditional  songs ;  while  of  the  bystanders 
some  threw  water  at  them,  others  scrambled  apples.  '  Mester 
[so  and  so]  es  got  'is  corn,  Well  shorn,  well  mawn,  Never 
nulled  ower,  yet  never  stuck  fast,  And  'is  'arvest  cart's  comin  home 
at  \ast,' Flk.Sng.  (J.P.K.)  Nhp.1  Oxf.1  MS.  add.  Hnt.  (T.P.F.) 
(7)  Yks.  (HALL.)  ;  (K.)  (8)  Ayr.  A  hairst  day,  wi'  the  mist  lying 
thick  i'  the  glen,  JOHNSTON  Glenbuckie  (1889)  58.  Som.  When 
zummertime  is  passin  An  harras  das  be  vine,  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial. 
w.Eng.  (1825)  129.  (9,  a)  w.Som.1  It  is  usually  thin  stuff,  and 
'  fresh '  or  new.  '  I  be  very  zorry,  zir,  we  'ant  nort  in  house  but 
harrest-drink,  and  you  widn  care  much  about  that,  I  reckon.'  (b) 
Shr.1  '  They'n  got  some  o'  the  best  owd  beer  at  Goff 's  o'  Wes'ley 
as  ever  I  tasted.'  'Aye,  they  wun  al'ays  noted  fur  good  'arr6ost- 
drink."  (10)  Nhp.1  'You've  got  your  harvest  ears  on,  I  can't 
make  you  hear.'  This  expression  may  have  arisen  from  the 
custom  of  hooting  loudly  in  the  harvest  field,  to  those  who  are  at 
a  distance.  1^11)  Dmf.  The  hairst  folks  gaun  a-field,  THOM  Jock  o' 
Knowe  (1878)  3.  (12)  Chs.1 ;  Chs.2  Thrippows  the  harvest-geers 
of  carts  and  waggons,  which  are  moveable  and  put  on  only  when 
hay  or  corn  is  to  be  carried  (s.v.  Thrippows).  s.Chs.1  The 
harvest-gearing  consists  of  front  and  back  thrippas  (s.v.  Cart). 
(,13)  nw.Dev. '  (14,  a)  Shr.  The  great  aim,  and  the  chief  subject 
of  self-congratulation,  is  that  all  the  corn  should  be  safely  '  lugged ' 
or  '  carried  ' .  .  .  without  overthrowing  a  single  load.  The  penalty 
for  overthrowing,  used,  in  the  old  times,  to  be  the  loss  of  the 
goose  at  the  harvest-supper.  Whatever  other  good  things  there 
might  be,  this,  which  was  otherwise  the  labourer's  due,  was 
forfeited  if  a  load  was  overthrown,  BURNE  Flk-Lore  (1883)  375  ; 
Shr.1  (b)  IT.  (W.J.K.)  (15)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (16,  «)  Nhb.,  Dur.  Of 
which  our  Harvest  Home  and  Mell  Supper  in  the  north  are  the 
only  remains,  BRAND  Pop.  Antiq.  (ed.  1777)  305.  n.Lin.1,  Oxf.1, 
Brks.1  Bdf.  Hickely,  hockely,  harvest  home !  Three  plum- 
puddings  are  better  than  none,  Want  some  water  and  can't  get 
none  !  (J.W.B.)  (6)  Sc.  Monthly  Mag.  (1798)  II.  435.  '17)  Lin.1 
(18)  Lin.1  e.An.1  The  second  reaper  in  the  row,  who  does  not 
seem  to  have  been  ever  so  regularly  greeted  by  the  title,  except 
on  the  day  of  harvest-home.  e.Suf.  (F.H.)  (19)  Hmp.  WISE 
New  Forest  (1883)  283  ;  The  fruits  of  both  species  are  covered  with 
small  hooks,  by  which  they  cling  to  the  clothes  (15.  &  H.) ;  Hmp.1 
(20)  Sur.  (B.  &  H.)  (21)  Nnp.2  (22)  Hmp.  (W.M.E.F.)  (23) 
Lin.  THOMPSON  Hist.  Boston  (1856)  709  ;  Lin.1,  e.An.1,  e.Suf. 
(F.H.)  (24)80.  A  sweet  and  winsome  lassie  was  Mary  Campbell. . . 
No  harvest  maiden  or  other  merrymaking  was  complete  without 
her,  SWAN  Gates  of  Eden  (1895)  iv.  (25,  a)  Hrt.  A  month's  man, 
or,  as  we  call  it,  a  harvestman,  ELLIS  Mod.  Husb.(i-]^o]:  I.  vi.  (6) 
n.Lin.1  Nhp.2  One  of  those  insects  which  superstition  protects 
from  wanton  injury.  Their  abundance  is  supposed  to  denote  a  dry 
harvest.  Ess.  N.  &  Q.  (1853)  ist  S.  vii.  152.  Wil.1  Dor.  BARNES 
Gl.  (1863)  ;  N.  &  Q.  (1877  5th  S.  viii.  45.  (26)  n.Sc.  Certain 
days  known  as  '  feein'  Friday,'  '  hairst  Monday,'  and  such  like. . .  . 
'  Hairst  Monday'  occurring  about  four  weeks  before  the  anticipated 
commencement  of  the  local  harvest,  GORDON  Carglcn  Vi8gi;  66. 

(27)  Sc.  I  notice  that  the  hairst  munes  a'  rin  vera  like  the  seed 
anes,   OCHILTREE   Redburn   (1895)   ii.     Sh.I.   Glower  an'  glower 
till    ivery   ee   wis   lack    a    hairst    miin,    STEWART    Tales    (1892) 
252.       Frf.  They    baith    slaid   awa"  in    the    bricht    hair'st-mune, 
Longman's  Mag.   (Feb.   1893)   439.     Fif.   Like  a   raw  O'  hairst- 
moons  down  the  table,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)   24.     Lnk.  Ye 
micht  glower  through  the  reek  at  the  bonny  hairst  mune,  HAMIL- 
TON Poems  ( 1865)  150.    Ayr.  Weel  do  I  like  the  braid  hairst  moon, 
Ballads  and  Sngs.  (1847)  II.  109.     Gall.  We  may  know  by  the 
sublime  science  of  Astronomy — '  That  the  Harrist  Moon  Rises  nine 
nights   alike   soon,'   MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824)   254,    ed.    1876. 
s.Sc.,  s.Ir.,   Lan.  HARLAND  &  WILKINSON  Flk-Lore    (1867)   250. 

(28)  Sc.  (H.E.F.)      Abd.  Mr.  Peterkin  was  wont,  when  the  hairst 
play  came,  to  hire  himself  out  as  a  raker,  ALEXANDER  Johnny  Gibb 
(1871)  ix.     (29)  Edb.  Thus  to  be  placed  at  e'en,  An'  be  amang  that 
happy  band,  The  dautit  harvest  queen,  M°DOWALL  Poems  (1839) 
218 ;  The  chiel  the  harst  queen's  heart  has  won,  ib.  222.      (30,  a) 
Sc.  Will  ye  gang  out  and  see  the  hairst-rig  ?  (JAM.)     Fif.  There 
never  was  sic   chaft-blade   blatter  On   hairst-rigs   or   on   crafts, 
TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)   116.      Ayr.  No  courtier  ever  showed 
more  gallantry  towards  the  fair  sex  than  did  the  youths  on  the 
hairst-rig,  WHITE  Jottings  (1879)  48.     Kcb.  So  unlike  auld  Millha' 
on  the  hairst  rig,  ELDER  Borgue  (1897)  31.     (b)  Cld.  (JAM.)     (31) 
Sh.I.  Dey  hed  a  cow  ...  an  dey  were  of  a  mind  to  sell  her  at  da 
Hairst  Roup  for  da  rent,  BURGESS  Lowra  Biglan  ^1896)  55.     (32) 

Cum.  In  the  autumnal  months,  a  larger  species  weighing  from 
seven  to  twenty  ounces,  is  taken  (but  in  smaller  quantities)  along 
with  the  trout,  &c.  These  are  of  a  much  superior  quality,  and  are 
denominated  Harvest  Schelley,  HUTCHINSON  Hist.  Cum.  (,1794)  I. 
463-  (33)  Slk.  Country  maidens,  such  as  ewe-milkers,  .  .  har'st- 
shearers.  HOGG  Tales  (1838)  359,  ed.  1866.  (34)  e.Fif.  As 
impatient  ...  as  any  thochtless  schule-laddie  ever  was  for  the 
hairst-vaicance,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  xxii.  (35)  Nrf.  (E.M.) 

2.  Phr.  (i)  back  of  harvest,  after  the  harvest ;  (2)  head  of 
harvest,  the  most  important  part  of  the  harvest  when  the 
grain  is  all  cut ;  (3)  tail  of  harvest,  the  end  or  finish  of  the 
harvest;    (4)   a  hog  in  harvest,  a  young  sheep  that  is 
smeared  at  the  end  of  harvest,  when  it  ceases  to  be  a 
lamb;  also  called  Harvest-hog  (q.v.) ;  (5)  just  your 'harvest, 
just  what  suits  you,  just  what  you  like  ;  (6)  to  owe  one  a 
day  in  harvest,  to  owe  one  a  good  turn  ;  (7)  as  welcome  as 
frost  in  harvest,  very  inopportune  ;  (8)  to  take  a  harvest,  to 

engage  oneself  as  a  harvest-labourer. 

(i)  Shr.1  '  Wen's  yore  wakes,  Turn  ? '  '  Oh,  back  o'  'arr6ost ' ; 
Shr.2  At  the  back  o'  quern  harrast.  (2)  Abd.  Gin  ye  hed  seen  'im 
as  I  did,  i'  the  vera  heid  o'  hairst  gyaun  stoitin'  aboot  amo'  the 
stocks  at's  leasure,  ALEXANDER  Ain  Flk.  (,1882)  67.  (3)  Kcd.  It 
fell  aboot  the  tail  o'  hairst.  .  .  The  craps  were  maistly  i'  the  yard, 
GRANT  Lays  (1884)  52.  (4)  Sc.  The  central  dish  was  a  yearling 
lamb,  called  •  a  hog  in  har'st,'  roasted  whole,  SCOTT  Waverley 
(1814)  xx.  s.Sc.  Ask  a  thief,  what's  the  best  mutton,  he'll 
answer  '  a  hog's  the  better  mutton  in  harst,'  meaning  that  a  young 
sheep,  called  a  hog,  can  be  eaten  sooner  after  being  killed  than 
one  that's  older  (JAM.).  (5)  Glo.  (S.S.B.)  (.6)  Sc.  The  morn's  a 
new  day  and  Lord  Evandale  awes  ye  a  day  in  har'st,  SCOTT  Old 
Mortality  (1816)  xxxii ;  '  Aye,  you  owe  him  a  day  in  hairst.'  '  I 
owe  him  my  wife.  No  harvest  day  will  ever  pay  for  that,'  KEITH 
Bonnie  Lady  (1897)  207.  (7)  s.Sc.  Aboot  as  welcome  as  frost  i' 
hairst,  I  trow,  SNAITH  Fiercelieart  (1897)  65.  (8)  Abd.  The  geet 
being  now  six  months  old,  was  spean't,  and  Baubie  '  took  a  hairst,' 
ALEXANDER  Ain  Flk.  (1882)  227.  Frf.  Gen.  said  of  persons  who 
have  other  occupations  in  the  village,  and  who  take  the  oppor- 
tunity to  make  some  extra  money  in  harvest-time  (W.A.C.). 

3.  The  autumn  crop  of  any  kind,  not  restricted  to  wheat. 
Bdf.  This  term  implies  all  the  fruits  of  autumn,  including  beans. 

Clover,  however,  is  not  included,  as  it  comes  later  in  the  year 

4.  Autumn. 

Sc.  Monthly  Mag.  (1798)  II.  435  ;  I  was  in  London  last  harvest, 
Scoticisins  (1787)  45.  Sh.I.  Mi  Uncle  Lowrie  'at  deed  da  year 
afore  last  i  da  hairst,  BURGESS  Sketches  (2nd  ed.)  88.  Per.  Our 
summer's  short,  our  hairst  is  cauld,  MONTEATH  Dunblane  (1835) 
108.  ed.  1887. 

5.  v.   To  work  in  the  harvest-field,  gather  in  the  corn. 
Bnff.1  They  wir  hairstin'  a'  the  ook.      n.Cy.  (J.W.)      Shr.2  My 

mon's  gwun  a  harrasting.  Ken.1  '  Where's  Harry  ? '  '  Oh  !  he's 
harvesting  'long  with  his  father  ' ;  Ken.2  w.Som.'  He  bin  to  work 
along  vor  Mr.  Bird  harrestin,  but  now  he  ant  a  got  nort  to  do. 

Hence  (i)  Hairstan,  Harresting,  or  Harroosting,  vbl. 
sb.  the  act  of  getting  in  the  corn  or  harvest ;  (2)  Harvester, 
sb.  (a)  a  worker  employed  to  assist  in  gettingin  the  harvest ; 
(b)  a  harvest-bug  or  small  insect,  prevalent  about  harvest- 

(i)  Bnff.1  Shr.1  Our  Dick's  gwun  66th  Jack  Sankey  an'  a  lot 
on  'em  down  t6ert  Atchaman'  Emstrey  a-'arr&ostin'.  w.Som.1  We 
cant  'tend  to  no  such  jobs  as  that  there,  while  the  harrestin's 
about.  (2,  a)  Ken.12  (i)  n.Lin.1,  War.3,  Brks.1 

HARVEST-SHREW,  sb.  Stf.  War.  Won  Shr.  Hrf. 
Glo.  Oxf.  Wil.  Also  in  forms  artishrew  Glo.1 2  ;  artishow 
Shr.1;  artisrobe  m.Wor. ;  artistrowGlo.1;  hardi-shraow 
se.Wor.1;  hardishrew  Stf.1  w.Wor.1;  hardistraw  w.Wor.1 
Hrf.2;  hardistrew  s.Wor. ;  hardistrow  s.Wor.1;  hardy- 
shrew  Glo.;  hartistrawGlo.1;  harvest-row  Wil.1;  harvest- 
shrow  Oxf. ;  harvest-trow  Wil.1  The  shrew  or  harvest- 
mouse,  Mus  minimus.  Cf.  ard-srew. 

Stf.  (K.),  Stf.1,  War.3,  m.Wor.  (J.C.),  w.Wor.1,  s.Wor.  (H.K.), 
s.Wor.1,  se.Wor.1,  Shr.1,  Hrf.  (W.W.S.),  Hrf.2  Glo.  Horae 
Subsecivae  (1777)  203;  Glo.12  Oxf.  (G.E.D.)  ;  Science  Gossip 
(1882)  165.  Wil.  BRITTON  Beauties  (1825);  Wil.1  n.Wil.  The 
nests  of  the  '  Harvest  Trow ' — a  still  smaller  mouse,  seldom  seen 
except  in  summer,  JEFFERIES  Wild  Life  (1879)  186 ;  T'ean'  a 
mouse — 'tis  a  Harvest- row  (E.H.G.). 

HARWICH,  see  Harriage. 

L  2 




HASE,  sb.  e.An.  [ez.]  The  liver,  heart,  and  lights  of 
a  pig;  these  parts  seasoned,  wrapped  up  in  the  omentum, 
and  roasted.  e.An.1,  Nrf.  (HALL.)  Cf.  haslet. 

HASE,  HASEL,  see  Haze,  v.\  Hazel,  sb.1 

HASH,  sb.1  Nhb.  Lan.  [h)aj.]  1.  A  sheep's  lights 
boiled,  then  minced  small  and  stewed  with  onions.  Nhb.1 
2.  Comp.  Hash-pudding, a  large  dumplingeaten  at  sheep- 
shearing  ;  a  mess  made  of  sheep's  heart  chopped  with 
suet  and  sweet  fruits.  ne.Lan.1 

HASH,  s/>.2  and  v.  Sc.  Irel.  Nhb.  Cum.  Yks.  Not  War. 
Hnt.  Also  in  form  ash  n.Yks.  [h)aj,  aej.]  1.  sb.  A 
mess,  muddle ;  a  confused  mass ;  disorder  in  money  matters. 

Bnff.1  The  death  o'  the  aul  ooman  made  a  hash  nae  ordinar 
amo'  them  :  she  kcepit  thim  a'  thegeethir.  He's  a'  till  a  hash. 
His  maitters  are  a'  in  a  hash.  Abd.  We  gave  them  such  a  volley 
this  time  that  they  did  not  come  to  close  quarters.  A  great  hash 
o'  them  fell,  and  the  rest  galloped  off,  Dteside  Tales  (1872)  87. 
Per.  You'll  see  a  hash  ere  a'  be  dune,  FORD  Harp  (1893)  346. 
n.Cy.  (J.W.),  Not.8 

2.  Careless,  wasteful  use  ;  destruction. 

Bnff.1  There's  an  awfu'  hash  aboot  that  fairm-toon  :  ilky  bodie 
haiks  through  a'  thing. 

Hence  (i)  Hash-loch,  sb.  waste,  refuse;  (2)  -mash,  adv. 
slap-dash ;  (3)  -metram,  adv .  in  a  state  of  disorder,  topsy- 
turvy ;  (4)  Hashrie,  sb.  destruction  from  carelessness. 

(j)  Gall.  MACTAGGART  Encyd.  (,1824)  256,  cd.  1876.  (a)  Lnk. 
I've  done  war  deeds  than  dash  your  heads  Hash-mash  against 
the  hallen,  WATT  Poems  (1827)  65.  13)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (4)  Rxb.  (ib.) 

3.  A  noise,  tumult ;  strife,  rioting  ;  ribald  talk,  nonsense. 
Bnff.1  The  tail  .  .  .  o'  the  market  wiz  a  real  hash ;  the  lads  wir 

a'  lickin'  ane  anither  aboot  thir  lasses.  Ther's  an  unco  hash 
amo'  the  freens  aboot  the  old  bodie's  siller.  Abd.  Ye  began  wi" 
sic  a  hash,  And  fear'd  my  bairn,  BEATTIE  Parings  (1801)  43,  ed. 
1873.  Nhb.  (R.O.H.) 

4.  Phr.  to  settle  one's  hash,  to  overcome  a  person  com- 
pletely.    In  gen.  slang  use. 

Sh.I.  Tak'  de  tedder  an'  gie  da  grice  a  gud  slaag  or  twa  ower 
his  lugs.  Dat'll  settle  his  hash,  S/i.  News  (Nov.  6,  1897).  Nhb. 
Their  hash  was  sattlcd,  So  off  we  rattled,  ALLAN  Tyneside  Sags. 
(ed.  1891)  96;  (R.O.H.)  Cum.4  Lword  Nelson  settlt  t'French  ther 
hash  at  sea,  SARGISSON  Joe  Scoap  (1881 ;  105.  n.Yks.  Ah'll  sattle 
your  ash  for  you,  if  you  don't  be  quiet  (I.W.).  War.3  The  pack 
very  sharply  settled  his  hash  [killed  the  fox],  B'liam  Dy.  Gazette 
(Feb.  18,  1899^. 

5.  A  heavy  fall  of  rain. 

Sh.I.  Gad  keep  a'  frae  a  hash  o'  weet  i'  da  tatties,  S/i.  News 
(Oct.  22,  1898). 

Hence  Hashy,  adj.  wet,  sleety,  slushy. 

Lth.,  Bwk.  A  hashy  day  (JAM.).  Nhb.1  After  snow  begins  to 
melt  upon  the  ground  it  is,  more  especially  if  rain  be  falling, 
'hashy  walking."  The  sea  agitated  by  short  turbulent  waves  is 
termed  hashy. 

6.  A  wasteful,  slovenly  person  ;  one  who  talks  nonsense, 
a  fool ;  a  scamp ;  also  used  as  a  term  of  endearment  for 
a  boy. 

Sc.  '  What  was  I  wanting  to  say  ? '  answered  Jenny  .  .  .  '  Ye 
muckle  hash  !  '  SCOTT  Old  Mortality  1,1816)  xxviii ;  There  he  sat,  a 
muckle,  fat,  white  hash  of  a  man,  STEVENSON  Catriona  (1893)  xv. 
Cal.1  Fif.  Time  .  .  .  leaveth  nocht  to  modern  hashes  But  idle 
tales  and  empty  clashes,  TENNANT  Papistry  (1827)  214.  e.Fif. 
'  Ye  may  say  sae,'  remarkit  anither  smysterin  hash,  as  she  tane 
a  hearty  sook  o'  the  buttersaps,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  ii. 
Slg.  \Vha  jeering  snash,  An'  ca'  me  tentless,  fretfu'  hash,  Mum 
Poems  (1818)  25.  s.Sc.  He's  a  spiritless  hash— and  no  little  's  the 
disgrace  he's  like  to  bring  upon  us  a',  WILSON  Tales  (1836)  II.  163. 
Cld.  (JAM.)  Dmb.  A  young  man  was  thought  a  wricked  hash 
That  had  seduced  a  virtuous  lass,  TAYLOR  Poems  (1827)  90.  Rnf. 
Crappie,  the  other  night,  poor  hash !  Wi'  hunger,  took  sae  sair 
a  brash,  PICKEN  Poems  (1813)  I.  61.  Ayr.  A  poor  doylt  druken 
hash,  BURNS  Sc.  Drink  1,1786)  st.  15.  Lnk.  Clear  the  house  of 
mony  a  hash  Wi'  empty  brains,  MUIR  Minstrelsy  (1816)  67.  Lth. 
[I]  feel — ye  hash,  wi'  a'  your  duds  on,  For  you  attractions  like  a 
loadstone,  MACNEILL  Poet.  Wks.  (1801)  47,  ed.  1856.  Edb.  'Tis 
no  in  poortith,  or  in  cash,  To  curb  a  genius,  change  a  hash, 
McDoWALL  Poems  (1839)  33.  Bwk.  Wha  e'er  believe  Betty's  tales 
are  a'  silly  hashes,  HENDERSON  Pop.  Rhymes  (1856)  98.  Feb. 
The  nauseous  mixture  fell  Wi'  jaws  upon  the  sprawling  hash,  choak'd  wi'  th'  taste  and  smell,  Lintoun  Green  (1685)  62,  cd. 
1817.  SU.  Oh!  hoo  I  hate  to  hear  a  hash  insist— insistin  that 

you  shall  tell  a  story,  CHR.  NORTH  Nodes  (ed.  1856)  IV.  269. 
Gall.  In  truth  ilk  worthy  hash  In  estimation  high  is  held 
By  big  Sir  Balderdash,  MACTAGGART  Encyd.  (1824),  ed.  1876. 
N.I.',  n.Cy.  (HALL.),  N.Cy.i  Nhb.  Ye  greet  blubberin  hash 
(R.O.H.) ;  This  ye  sud  let  some  chiel  done  for  ye,  My  boasting 
hash,  DONALDSON  Poems  (1801)  215.  Cum.4  Tho'  ye  was  rash,  I'll 
scorn  to  wrang  ye,  senseless  hash,  Daft  Bargain,  1.  17. 

Hence  (i)  Hash-a-pie,  sb.  a  lazy,  slovenly,  greedy  fellow; 
(2)  Hasbly,  adv.  in  a  slovenly  manner;  (3)  Hashy,  adj. 
slovenly,  careless,  destructive. 

(i )  Sc.  (JAM.)  (a)  Lnk.  In  hoden  grey  right  hastily  clad, 
RAMSAY  Poems  (1721)  II.  388,  ed.  1800  lib.}.  (3)  Sc.  (JAM.),  Cai.1 

7.  v.   To  slash,  hack  ;  also  used  fig. 

Sc.  Hagging  and  hashing  at  Christ  s  kirk,  STEVENSON  Catriona 
(1893)  xv.  Per.  All  raging  there  in  blood,  they  hew'd  and  hash'd, 
FORD  Harp  (1893)  6.  Ayr.  They  hack'd  and  hash'd,  while  braid- 
swords  clash'd,  BURNS  Battle  of  Sheriffmuir,  St.  2.  Edb.  Sortin' 
sairs  an'  broken  banes  Whan  hash't  an'  smash't  wi'  coals  an' 
stancs,  FORBES  Poems  (18121  86.  Rxb.  A  broom-stick  take,  and 
hash  and  smash,  And  all  the  ware  to  pieces  dash,  WILSON  Poems 
(1824)  37. 

8.  To  spoil,  damage,  destroy,  make  a  mess  of. 

Sc.  To  hash  grain,  to  injure  it  by  careless  reaping  (JAM.)  ;  Ye're 
in  your  right  to  ask  for  my  authority  to  interfere  .  .  . — to  hash, 
may  be,  other  folks'  weft.  COBBAN  Andaman  (.1895)  xiii.  Cai.1 
To  hash  one's  clothes.  To  hash  the  material  in  which  one  works. 
Edb.  Winter's  sour,  Whase  floods  did  erst  their  mailin's  produce 
hash,  FERGUSSON  Poems  1,1773)  162,  ed.  1785.  Not.1 

Hence  Hashing,  ppl.  adj.  wasteful,  destructive  ;  over- 
flowing, as  of  a  flood. 

Bnff.1  He's  a  hashin'  servan' :  he  blaads  mair  nor  he's  worth. 
Edb.  Hashin',  splashin',  white  or  gray,  O'er  the  dam-head,  FORBES 
Poems  (1812)  99. 

9.  To  bruise,  ill-treat. 

Lnk.  How  unfeclin'  wretches  will  Poor  brutes  torment  an' hash, 
an'  kill,  WATT  Poc »is  (1827)  n.  Nhb.1  The  horse  was  gye  sair 

10.  To  grind  corn  partially.    Nhb.1    Hence  Hashed,  ppl. 
adj.  crushed,    ib. 

HASH,  sb.3    Som.    A  rash  on  the  skin.     (W.F.R.) 

HASHIE,  adj.     Sc.     ?  Rough,  coarse. 

Edb.  Characters  with  deformed  legs,  and  thrawn  necks,  and 
blind  eyes,  and  hashie  lips,  MOIR  Mansic  Wnuch  (1828)  xii. 

HASHINESS,.s6.  Sc.  Carelessness  in  dress,  slovenli- 
ness. See  Hash,  sb? 

Fif.  The  elder  sister,  fikey  and  perjink,  was  severe  on  a  younger 
brother's  hashiness,  COLVII.LE  Vernacular  1,1899:  17. 

HASHTER,  sb.  and  v.  Ayr.  (JAM.)  Also  in  form 
hushter.  [ha'Jtsr.j  1.  sb.  Work  ill-arranged  or  exe- 
cuted in  a  slovenly  manner.  2.  v.  To  work  in  a  hurried, 
slovenly,  and  wasteful  manner.  Hence  Hashtered,  ppl. 
adj.  hurried. 

HASHY,  sb.  Sc.  Also  in  form  hassie  Lth.  (JAM.) 
[ha'Ji.J  1.  A  mess,  muddle,  confusion  ;  noise,  riot;  also 
used  attrib. 

Bnff.1  It  is  somewhat  more  emphatic  than  hash.  Cld.,  Lth.  (JAM.) 
2.  An  old  sermon  preached  over  again. 

Feb.  Being  often  abroad  in  the  service  of  God  He  dealt  out  his 
hashies  at  hame,  AFFLECK  Poet.  Wks.  (1836)  104;  Yc've  gien  him 
a  call  to  oppose  Dr.  Hall ;  He'll  feed  you  wi'  hashies  belyve. 
ib.  105. 

[1.  Fr.  hachis,a.  hacheyor  hachee,minced  meat(CoTGR.).] 

HASK,  adj.1,  sb.1  and  v.  In  gen.  dial,  use  in  Sc.  Irel. 
and  Eng.  Also  written  haske  Cum.1  w.Yks.2 ;  and  in 
forms  arsk  w.Yks.2;  ask  ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.2345 
Lan.1  m.Lan.1  Chs.1  Stf.12  nw.Der^n.Lin.'sw.Lin.1  War.3; 
aske  Cum.1 ;  asp  e.Yks.1 ;  haisk  Slk.  Dmf.  (JAM.) ;  harsk 
n.Yks.2;  harske  w.Yks.2;  hosk  Chs.1;  yask  s.Chs.1 
[h)ask.]  1.  adj.  Of  the  weather:  dry,  parching,  piercingly 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790) ;  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  A  hask  wind  is  keen  and 
parching.  Cum.  (J.Ar.),  s.Wm.  (J.A.B.),  n.Yks.  (R.H.H.), 
ne.Yks.1  w.Yks.1 ;  w.Yks.s  Damp  and  unsettled.  n.Lan.  (W.S.)  ; 
ii. Lan.1  A  keen  frosty  wind  is  said  to  be  '  varra  hask.'  ne.Lan.1, 
m.Lan.1  Chs.  Th'  snow  lay  thick  upo'  th'  ground,  an'  th'  hask 
wind  kept  moanin'  an"  wailin',  CHOSTON  Enoch  Crump  (1887)  8; 
Chs.1  A  cold,  dry  east  wind  is  said  to  be  a  hosk  wind ;  Chs.3 
Stf.2  Its  veri  ask  Jiis  mornin,  %  winds  got  raind  to5  1st.  Der.2 




nw.Der.1  It's  a  eest  wind ;  it's  very  'ask  en  drey.  Not.3  Lin. 
STREATFEILD  Lin.  anti-Danes  (1884")  265.  sw.Lin.1  How  ask  and 
parched  I  am  ! — Oh,  it's  the  weather,  and  the  ask  winds,  and  that. 

Hence  (i)  Haskiness,  sb.  dryness  and  insipidity  of  food ; 
the  parched  condition  of  land  ;  (2)  Haskish,  adj.  dry, 
harsh  ;  (3)  Haskness,  sb.  dryness,  harshness  ;  (4)  Hasky, 
adj.  dry,  parched. 

(i)  n.Yks.2  (a)  w.Yks.  (JE.B.*  (3)  w.Yks.3  (,4)  Sc.  GROSE 
(1790)  MS.  add.  (C.)  Gall.  For  her  he  shook  the  hasky  strae, 
NICHOLSON  Poet.  Wks.  (18141  137,  ed  1897.  N.I.1,  Cav.  (M.S.M.) 
n.Yks.  Them  turnips  teeasts  hasky  ^I.W.) ;  n.Yks.4  w.Yks.  Leeds 
Merc.  Sitppl.  (May  30,  1891) ;  w.Yks.24  Chs.  Old  people  frequently 
speak  of  dry,  piercing  winds,  as  asky  winds  ;  and  dry,  cold,  windy 
weather  is  often  spoken  of  as  asky  weather,  Sheaf  (1879)  I.  271 ; 
Chs.1,  s.Chs.1,  Stf.1,  Not.  (L.C.M.)  Shr.1  'Ard  an'  'asky  land. 

2.  Rough  to  the  touch  ;   stiff,  unyielding ;  hard,  brittle 
and  difficult  to  work ;  also  used  advb. 

Bwk.,  Rxb.  (JAM.),  N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  Hask  is  also  applied  to  the 
sense  of  feeling  when  anything  from  its  touch  appears  unpleasantly 
dry  or  hard.  Coarse  worsted  is  hask  to  the  feeling.  '  Hask  coal ' 
is  very  hard,  brittle  coal ;  or  coal  that  is  '  winded,'  or  woody  in 
texture.  Dur.  GIBSON  Up-Weardale  Gl.  (1870^;  Dur.1  s.Dur. 
Spoken  of  any  material  with  a  coarse  surface.  '  It  feels  varra  hask  ' 
(J.E.D.).  Lakel.2  It  maks  yan's  hands  hask  to  howkamang  lime. 
Cum.  Of  a  horse's  coat,  without  gloss,  harsh  and  rough  to  the 
touch  (J.Ar.)  ;  A  dry,  aske  weeping — no  tears,  DALBY  Mayroyd 
(1880)  III.  49;  Cum.1  Your  cow  hez  a  hask  hide  on  her.  n.Yks.1 ; 
n.Yks.2  '  As  harsk  as  sawcum,'  as  sawdust ;  spoken  of  bread.  '  As 
hask  as  chopped  hay  ' ;  n.Yks.34  ne.Yks.1  T'grass  is  bad  ti  cut,  it's 
varra  ask  at  t'boddum.  e.Yks.  Deficient  in  moisture  ;  spoken 
more  particularly  of  food,  as  bread,  MARSHALL  Rtir.  Econ.  (1788)  ; 
e.Yks.1,  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  His  skin's  varry  ask,  t'doctor  says 
(J.R.)  ;  '  It  handles  ask,'  might  be  said  of  wool  if  dried  too  quickly 
on  a  stove,  Leeds  Merc.  Stiff/.  (May  30,  1891);  w.Yks.1  'Hask 
grass,'  rough,  coarse  grass.  Also  rigid  or  harsh  to  the  touch,  as 
'  This  cow  handles  vara  hask'  ;  w.Yks.3  It's  varry  ask  and  drau, 
and  hasn't  natur  in  it  it  owt  to  have ;  w.Yks.4  Not.  '  It  made  my 
hair  hask'  or  'my  hair  became  hask'  (W.H.S.).  n.Lin.1  Strong 
clay  land  when  baked  by  the  sun  is  said  to  be  very  ask.  '  You 
ha'nt  anuther  bit  o'  land  .  .  .  oht  like  as  ask  as  th'  top  end  o'  th' 
Wood  Cloas  is.'  sw.Lin.1 'That  cloth  is  stiff  to  work  ?'  '  Yes,  it's 
hask,  it's  very  hask.'  War.3  Lon.  Then  it  always  feels  hask  to 
the  hand,  MAYHEW  Land.  Labour  (1851 ;  1.443.  Hmp.  (H.C.M.B.) 

Hence  Hasky,  adj.  harsh,  rough,  coarse,  unyielding  ; 
also  usedyzg'.  and  advb. 

s.Don.  Stony  ground  hard  to  dig  is  called  hasky  (D.A.S.). 
n.Yks.4  ne.Yks.1  T'breead's  that  asky  Ah  can't  eeat  it.  w.Yks.2 
The  hands  of  bricklayers  are  said  to  be  hasky  when  they  are 
covered  with  lime  and  dry.  s.Chs.1  We  say,  when  a  person  has 
heard  something  unpleasant,  '  It  went  daayn  vcri  aas'ki  widh  im' 
[It  went  dam  very  hasky  with  him1.  Not.  (L.C.M. ),  Not.1  Lei.1 
The  skin  is  dry  and  hasky.  Nhp.2  A  person  affected  with  a  severe 
scorbutic  affection  described  her  face  as  '  very  hasky.' 

3.  Bitter,  sour,  tart,  harsh  to  the  taste. 

e.Yks.  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sf.  (i88g)  66 ;  e.Yks.1  Give  us  another 
lump  o'  seeagur  [sugar],  teea's  se  hask.  w.Yks.  Leeds  Merc. 
Suffl.  (May  30,  1891);  w.Yks.2  Said  of  sour  plums,  &c.  n.Lin. 
SUTTON  Wds.  (1881);  n.Lin.1  The  Sale's  as  ask  as  whig.  s.Lin. 
I  can't  eat  sloes,  they're  so  hask  i'  yer  mouth  ^T.H.R.). 

Hence  Hasky,  adj.  harsh,  bitter  ;  fig.  ill-natured,  harsh, 

s.Don.  A  man  who  is  unkind  to  his  children  and  severe  with 
them  is  called  a  hasky  father  (D.A.S.).  Cav.  Mrs.  Brady  is  a 
hasky  neighbour  (M.S.M.).  Lan.1  This  ale  has  an  asky  taste. 

4.  Dry,  husky,  hoarse. 

Nhb.  A  hask  cough  (R.O.H.).    e.Lan.1    Not.  She  seems  to  have 
such  a  hask  cough  on  her  (L.C.M.J. 
Hence  Hasky,  adj.  husky. 
Sc.  GROSE  Vi79o)  MS.  add.  kC.)     N.I.1,  w.Yks.24,  Stf.1,  Shr.1 

5.  sb.   A  sharp,  biting  wind.     Not.  (W.H.S.) 

6.  Dryness ;  sharpness,  crispness,  as  in  cotton.    w.Yks. 
(J.W.),  w.Yks.2 

7.  A  hoarse,  dry  cough;  acoughto  which  animals,esp.calves, 
are  subject,  caused  by  worms  in  the  windpipe.  Cf.husk,.^.1 

Nhb.  (.R.O.H.),  Chs.1  s.Chs.1  Iv  bo  wuz  mai'kin  dhaat-  aas'k, 
6o)d  aav  u  oos  on  ur  [If  hoo  was  makin'  that  hask,  hoo'd  have  a 
hooseonher;  of  a  cow].  Dhaat-  ky'aay)z  got-n  u  naas'ti  aas'k 
[That  cai's  gotten  a  nasty  hask].  Shr.1  'E's  gotten  sich  a  'ask  on 
Mm.  Wil.  LISLE  Husbandry  (1757)  343  ;  Wil.1,  Som.  (W.F.R.) 

8.  v.  Toemitashort,drycough;  to  clear  the  throat;  tomake 
a  noise  as  a  dog  does  when  anything  sticks  in  its  throat. 

Ayr.  Spettin  an'  haskin  (F.J.C.).  Dmf.,  Slk.  (JAM.),  Nhb. 
(R.O.H.),  Chs.1  s.Chs.1  Dhee'ur  dhaa  sits,  baas'kin  tin  yaas'kin 
[Theer  tha  sits,  baskin'  an"  yaskin'].  Aa'rkn  fit  dhaaf  ky'aat' 
yaas-kin  ;  put  ur  throo)th  win'du,  els  6o)l  bi  sik  ijdhaays  [Hearken 
at  that  cat  yaskin' ;  put  her  through  th'  window,  else  hoo'll  be 
sick  i'  th'  haise]. 

Hence  Hasked,  ppl.  adj.  dry,  parched. 

m.Yks.1  The  throat  is  said  to  be  hasked  when  parched. 

HASK,  sb.2  Sh.I.  A  haze  on  the  horizon  foreboding 
wind.  See  Ask,  sb.2 

A  skubby  hask  hings,  icet-gray,  JUNDA  Klingrahool  (1898)  22  ; 
JAKOBSEN  Norsk  in  Sh.  (1897)  69. 

HASK,  adj.2  Not.  Written  ask.  [Not  known  to  our 
other  correspondents.]  Foolish,  not  quite  right  in  the 
head.  (J.S.j!) 

HASK,sb.3  Sc.  Nhb.  [hask.]  The  throat,  the  soft  palate. 

Ayr.  (F.J.C.)     Nhb.1  '  Pap  o'  the  hask  '  is  the  uvula. 

[Cp.  haskwort,  a  name  given  by  Lyte  to  the  halswort 
(G.  halskrant),  also  called  throatwort,  the  Campanula 
Trachelium  (N.E.D.).] 

HASKETS,s&./>/.  Dor.  Also  written  hasketts.  Hazel 
and  maple  bushes  ;  brushwood. 

Whether  the  inhabitants  of  the  parish  of  Tollard  Farnham,  in 
the  county  of  Dorset,  have  the  right  to  cut  and  take  fagots  or 
haskets  of  the  underwood  growing  upon  .  .  .  the  common,  KELLY 
Law  Reports  (1878)  Excli.  Dili.  111.363;  w.  Gazette  (Feb.  15,  18891  7. 

HASKIN, sb.  Hmp.  Aninferiorkindof cheese.  (J.R.W.) 

HASKING,  see  Huskin(g. 

HASKY,  adj.  n.Sc.  (JAM.)  1.  Rank,  strong,  luxuriant, 
applied  to  growing  corn  or  vegetables  ;  also  to  a  man. 

'A  hasky  carl,'  a  big  raw-boned  man. 

2.  Coarse  to  the  taste,  unpalatable ;  dirty,  applied  to 
work  ;  slovenly,  applied  to  a  person. 

HASLE,  sb.  Ess.  Sus.  [Not  known  to  our  other  corre- 
spondents.] [ae'sl.]  An  iron  to  hang  pots  on  over  the 
fire.  (P.R.) 

HASLE,  see  Hay,  sb.1,  Hazle,  sb.1 

HASLET,  sb.  Sc.  Chs.  Lin.  Nhp.  War.  Wor.  Shr.  Hrf. 
Glo.  Brks.  Suf.  Ken.  Hmp.  I.W.  Wil.  Also  written  hasslet 
GIo.1 ;  and  in  forms  acelet  Chs.  Brks.1 ;  acelot  Ken.1 ; 
aislet  Ken. ;  arslet  Ken.1 ;  aslat  w.Wor.1  se.Wor.1  Shr.2 
Hrf.2 Glo. Ken.;  azlitse.Wor.1;  harcelets.Wor^Glo.Ken.12; 
harslet  Chs.1  Lin.  War.2  Shr.1  Glo.1  e.Suf.  Ken.1  Hmp. 
Wil.  ;  hastelet  e.Suf. ;  hauslet  Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.)  [a'slit, 
a'zlit,  ae'zlit.]  1.  The  liver,  lights,  &c.  of  a  pig ;  occas. 
of  a  cow,  sheep,  or  other  animal.  Cf.  haste,  sb. 

Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.)  Slk.  Houk  the  haslet  of  the  hind,  HOGG 
Queer  Bk.  (1832)  36.  Chs.  The  liver  and  lights  of  a  cow,  sheep, 
or  pig,  Sheaf  (1884}  III.  195;  Chs.1,  War.2,  w.Wor.1,  se.Wor.1, 
Shr.12,  Hrf.2,  Glo.12,  Suf.1,  e.Suf.  (F.H.),  Ken.1,  Hmp.1  I.W. 
Reserving  the  lebb,  pluck,  and  haslet,  MONCRIF.FK  Dream  (1863) 
1.  36 ;  I.W.1  Also,  the  edible  parts  of  a  calf's  viscera ;  I.W.2,  Wil. 

2.  A  dish  made  of  the  entrails  or  trimmings  of  a  pig ; 
also  used  of  griskin. 

Lin.  The  minced  meat  prepared  for  sausages ;  inclosed  and 
cooked  in  the  caul  of  the  hog,  THOMPSON  Hist.  Boston  (1856)  709  ; 
Lin.1  s.Lin.  Savoury  pig  cheer  made  like  a  sausage  about  six 
inches  in  thickness.  A  favourite  Lin.  dish  (T.H.R.).  Nhp.1  The 
small  pieces  cut  off,  in  trimming  the  hams  and  flitches  of  a  singed 
pig ;  these  cuttings  are  made  into  pork  pies,  or  haslet-pies,  as  they 
are  called,  and  it  is  customary  in  many  villages  for  the  farmers' 
wives  to  send  one  of  these  pies,  with  some  pig's  puddings,  as 
presents  to  their  neighbours.  In  some  places  the  griskin  is  termed 
haslit.  w.Wor.1  A  dish  composed  of  these  parts  [liver,  &c.  of  a 
pig]  wrapped  in  the  caul,  and  baked  with  sage  and  onions, 
s. Wor.1  Shr.1  Obsol.  The  heart,  liver,  and  lights  of  a  pig  taken 
out  entire — with  the  wind-pipe  attached.  'We  shanna  a  to  bwile 
the  pot  o'  Friday,  theer'll  be  the  'aslet  fur  the  men's  dinners.' 
Glo.  (A.B.),  Brks.1  Ken.1 ;  Ken.2  They  mix  some  fat  bits  and  lean 
of  the  pork,  and  roast  all  together.  s.Hmp.  The  heart  and  lights 
or  lungs  of  a  hog,  all  mixed  up  and  boiled  together.  HOLLOWAY. 

[1.  He  britnej  out  be  brawen  ...  &  hat3  out  J>e  hast- 
lettej,  Gawayne  (c.  1360)  1612.  Fr.  (Norm,  dial.)  hdtelet, 
'  region  des  cotes  du  pore  ;  cotelette  appartenant  a  cette 
region '  (Moisv).] 




HASLIG,  sb.  Sh.I.  The  wool  on  the  neck  of  a  sheep. 
Cf.  halse-lock,  s.v.  Halse,  sb.1 

I  turn'd  her  [a  ewe]  up  an'  begood  ta  roo  her  haslig,  Sft.  News 
'Jan.  13,  1900). 

HASLING-PIECES,  sb.  pi.  w.Som.1  [a'slin-pisiz.] 
Upright  pieces  of  wood  fixed  from  the  floor  to  the  roof  in 
an  attic,  to  form  the  sides  of  a  room,  and  to  which  the 
laths  and  plaster  are  attached. 

HASP,  sb.1  and  v.  In  gen.  dial,  use  in  Sc.  Irel.  Eng.  and 
Nfld.  Also  in  forms  apse  Oxf.  Wil.  Dev. ;  asp  Not.3 ;  esp 
Cum.1  Not.3 ;  haps  Glo.1  Brks.1  Ken.2  Sur.1  Sus.1  Hmp.1 
Wil.1  Dor.1  Som.  Dev.  Cor.123  Nfld. ;  hapse  Brks.  Ken.1 
Sus.  Hmp.  I.W.1  w.Som.1  Dev.  Cor.1;  heps  Cor.13;  hesp 
Sc.  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Dur.1  Lakel.12  Cum.12  n.Yks.124  ne.Yks.1 
e.Yks.1  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.12  n.Lan.1  ne.Lan.1  Not.  n.Lin.1 
sw.Lin.1  [h)asp,  h)esp  ;  aeps,  aps.]  1.  sb.  A  latch  ;  a 
fastening  for  a  door,  gate,  or  window,  gen.  consisting  of 
a  loop  and  staple ;  a  clasp  for  the  lid  of  a  box,  which  falls 
into  the  lock  ;  a  clasp  or  buckle. 

Or.I.  (S.A.S.)  Ayr.  You  might  have  disappointed  him  [a  caller] ; 
you  had  the  hasp  in  your  hand,  HUNTER  Studies  (1870)  197.  Gall. 
He  undid  the  hasp  of  the  creaking  front  door  of  the  manse, 
CROCKETT  Stickit  Min.  (1893)  230.  Wgt.  Shut  him  in  and  fixed 
the  hasp  which  rendered  Jamie's  exit  equally  impracticable  for 
the  time  being,  FRASER  Wigtown  (1877)  352.  Own.  The  black- 
smith placed  the  hasp  of  the  door  upon  the  iron  staple,  LYTTLE 
Betsy  Gray  (1894)  17.  N.Cy.1,  Nhb.  (R.O.H.),  Dur.1,  Lakel.2, 
Cum.2  n.Yks.1  The  button  which  turns  on  a  central  pivot 
and  so  clasps  or  fastens  a  window,  &c.,  is  specially  indicated  ; 
n.Yks.24,  ne.Yks.1,  e.Yks.1,  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  One  of  the 
staple  trades  of  Leeds  is  the  manufacture  of  hasps  and  catches, 
Yksman.  (1881)  197;  w.Yks.12,  n.Lan.1,  Chs.1,  nw.Der.1,  Not.123, 
s.Not.  (J.P.K.)  n.Lin.  SUTTON  Wds.  (1881)  ;  n.Lin.1  s.Lin.  Ah 
must  laa'  in  some  new  hesps  ...  or  ah  s'll  be  hevin'  the  gaats  all 
undone  [left  open]  (T.H.R.).  sw.Lin.1  Shr.1  I  lost  the  kay, 
an'  didna  like  to  break  the  'asp,  so  I  knocked  a  bwurd  out  o'  the 
bottom;  Shr.2,  Glo.1,  Oxf.  :J.E.)  Brks.  (M.J.B.);  Brks.1  The 
withy  tie  used  to  secure  hurdles  to  '  vawle  staaykes '  or  to  each 
other.  Suf.1  Ken.  (K.);  Ken.1  The  hasp  [of  the  gatel  is  gone; 
Ken.2,  Sur.1,  Sus.  (K.),  Sus.1,  Hmp.1,  I.W.1  Wil.  The  fastening 
of  a  pair  of  braces,  &c.  In  fact,  the  word  is  applied  to  almost  any 
kind  of  fastening  (G.E.D.)  ;  SLOW  Gl.  (1892);  Wil.1,  Dor.  ^C.W.  , 
Dor.1  Som.  Christopher  stood  dumbfounded,  with  his  hand  on 
the  hapse,  RAYMOND  Sam  and  Sabina  (1894)  109  ;  JENNINGS  Obs. 
Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825).  w.Som.1  Th'  hapse  o'  the  gate's  a-tor'd,  an 
all  the  bullicks  be  a-go  to  road.  s.Dev.  (Miss  D.)  Cor.  She 
slammed  the  haps  agen  my  hand,  TREGELLAS  Talcs,  Betty  While, 
77  ;  Cor.12 

2.  Phr.  (i)  to  be  all  buckled  with  one  hasp,  not  to  be  better 
than  one  another ;  (2)  to  be  made  to  ride  the  hasp,  to  be 
brought  before  one's  superiors  and  reprimanded. 

i)  Ayr.  They  are  a'  buckled  wi'  ae  hasp,  JOHNSTON  Glcnbuckie 
1,1889)211.  (a)  Cor.1 

3.  A  short  half-door  within  the  whole  door  often  seen  in 
country  shops.    Also  used ./?£•. 

Cor.1  The  lower  half  is  kept  shut,  the  top  open.  There  is  gen.  a 
bell  fastened  to  it  to  give  notice  of  a  customer.  'She  has  more  tongue 
than  teeth,  she  had  better  keep  a  heps  before  her  mouth  ' ;  Cor.3 

4.  The  tendril  of  a  vine  or  climbing  plant.    Sur.  Trans 
Phil.  Soc.  (1854)  83. 

6.  v.  To  fasten  the  latch  of  a  door,  gate,  or  window  ;  to 
secure  by  hitching  a  thing  round  another ;  to  fasten  up 
a  box. 

Sc.  JAM.!  Ayr.  While's  the  purse  that's  hespet  sleeve,  Tines 
a'  its  gatherings  oot.  Ballads  and  Sngs.  (1847)  II.  61.  N.Cy.1 
Nhb.  Hasp  the  door,  or  window  (R.O.H.).  Cum.  LINTON  Lake  Cy. 
(1864)305.  m.Yks.1  w.Yks.  To  fasten  by  a  catch,  but  not  a  lock 
(J.T.).  ne-Lan.1,  nw.Der.1  Not1;  Not.3  Esp  the  door,  I  tell  ye,  if 
yo  doan't  want  to  be  blown  up  chimbley.  s.Not  (J.P.K.),  Lin. 
(W.W.S.)  sw.Lin.1  Just  hesp  yon  gate.  Shr.a  Brks.  Gl.  (1852); 
Brks.1,  Suf.1  Ken.1  Hapse  the  gate  after  you  !  Wil.1  n.Wil. 
Why  don'ee  haps  the  door?  (E.H.G.)  Som.  JENNINGS  Dial. 
w.Eng.  (1869)  Gl.  w.Som.1  Mind  and  hapse  the  door  arter  ee, 
you  do  'most  always  lef-m  onhapsed.  Dev.  Apsen  thickee  geat 
there,  or  us  chell  'ave  the  cows  awl  awver  the  place  avore  marning, 
HEWETT  Peas.  Sp.  (1893).  n.Dev.  Well,  Giles  tha  hatch  as  well 
may  hapse,  ROCK  Jim  an'  Nell  (1867)  st.  14.  Cor.  THOMAS  Ran- 
digal  Rhymes  (1895)  Gl.  [Nfld.  (G.P.)] 

Hence  Hasped,  ppl.  adj.  fastened  up,  secured. 
Dev.  You  see,  he  was  never  yewsed  to-  be  apsed  up,  Reports 
Provinc.  (1891). 

6.  To  catch  hold  as  a  tendril  does.    Sur.  Trans.  Phil.  Soc. 
(1854)  83- 
HASP,  sb.2    Sc.    Also  in  form  hesp.     [hasp,  hesp.] 

1.  A  hank  of  yarn,  worsted,  or  flax  ;  gen.  a  definite  quan- 
tity, the  fourth  part  of  a  spindle. 

Sh.I.  Hendry  wis  haddin'  a  hesp  o'  wirsid,  BURGESS  Sketches 
{2nd  ed.)  72.  Cai.1  Bnff.  The  frequent '  charms  '  were  a  '  hesp 
of  yarn,' with  which  some  dementit  old  woman  had  hanged  her- 
self, GORDON  Chron.  Keith  (1880)  61.  Kcd.  His  pirns  an'  clews, 
an'  worsct  hesps,  [were]  Beclairtit  i'  the  glaur,  GRANT  Lays  (1884) 
8.  Fif.  About  thirty  years  ago  ...  a  hesp  or  slip .  . .  was  thought 
a  sufficient  day's  work  for  a  woman,  Statist.  Ace.  VI.  43  (JAM.). 
Slg.  Twisted  hard  like  ony  hesp  O'  hempen  thread,  MUIR  Poems 
(1818)  14.  s.Sc.  I  could  neither  mak'  the  parritch — nor  wash, 
nor  spin,  nor  mak'  up  a  hasp  o'  yarn  to  please  her,  WILSON  Tales 
(1839)  V.  58.  Rnf.To  beet  the  hesp  o'yarn,  ALLAN  Poems  (1836) 
113.  Ayr.  Anither  kimmer  would  say  her  dochter  was  in  bairn- 
bed,  and  she  was  tell't  to  tak  her  withershins  nine  times  through 
a  hesp  o'  unwatered  yarn,  to  tak  the  cat  through'!  sungates  aboot 
as  mony  times  again,  and  baudrons  would  hae  the  pains,  SERVICE 
Notandums  (1890)  100.  Lnk.  She  could  not  finish  her  hasp  or 
hank  of  yarn  that  night,  HAMILTON  Poems  (1865)  209.  Edb.  Pro- 
vidence seems  a  ravel'd  hasp,  PENNECUIK  Helicon  (1720)  26. 

2.  Phr.  (i)  to  have  a  ravelled  hasp,  to  be  in  a  difficulty ;  (2) 
to  make  a  ravelled  hasp,  to  put  a  thing  into  confusion  ;  (3)  to 
redd  or  wind  aravellcd  hasp,  to  restorcorder,putthings  right. 

(i)  Sc.  Ye  have  gotten  a  revel'd  hesp  o't,  RAMSAY  Prov.  (1737). 
(2)  Sc.  (JAM.)  (3)  Sc.  Left  us  a  tangled  hesp  to  wind,  SCOTT 
Retig.  (1824)  Lett.  xi.  Abd.  Gin  mammy  miss,  again,  her  bairn, 
'Twill  be  a  hesp  o'  ravel'd  yarn,  We  winna  redd,  COCK  Strains 
(1810  I.  119.  Dmb.  There's  plenty  o'  the  raveled  hasp  Ml'Corklc 
left  to  redd  yet,  CROSS  Disruption  (1844';  xxxvii.  e.Lth.  It  was  a 
raivelled  hasp  he  had  to  redd,  HUNTER  J.  Inuiick  (1895^  32. 

[1.  Haspis  of  silke,  Dest.  Troy  (c.  1400)  3899.  Du./iaspe, 
a  haspe,  or  a  reele  ;  haspen,  to  hasple  or  to  rcele  up  thred 
or  yarne  (HEXIIAM)  ;  Norw.  dial,  hespa,  a  hank  or  skein 
of  yarn  (AASE.N).] 

HASPAL,  sb.  Sc.  Yks.  Also  written  haspill  w.Yks.5 ; 
hasple  Dmf.  (JAM.)  ;  and  in  forms  aspill,  espill  w.Yks.5 
[h)a'spl.l  1.  A  sloven  ;  a  clownish-mannered  person  ; 
a  silly  fellow. 

Dmf.  A  sloven,  with  his  shirt-neck  open  (JAM.).  Gall.  MAC- 
TAGGART  Encycl.  (1824).  w.Yks.  SCATCIIERD  Hist.  Morley  (1830) 
168,  ed.  1874  ;  w.Yks.5 

2.  An  overgrown  boy,  a  '  haspenald  '  (q.v.).    w.Yks.5 

[Tirol,  dial,  liaspel,  '  alberner  Mensch  '  (ScHOPF)  ;  Swab, 
dial,  haspele,  'cine  sich  iibcreilende  Person'  (BIRLINGER)  ; 
cp.  Bavar.  dial,  hispel,  'alberner  Mensch  '  (SCHMELLER).] 

HASPAT,s6.  Obs.  n.Cy.  A  stripling,  a  youth  between 
man  and  boy.  (K.),  GROSE  (1790),  N.Cy.2 

[Half  +  spoilt  (a  youth),  q.v.] 

HASPENALD,  sb.  Obs.  n.Cy.  Yks.  Also  in  form 
haspenal  n.Cy.  A  youth  between  man  and  boy ;  an 
overgrown  boy;  also  in  comp.  Haspenald-lad,  -tike. 

n.Cy.  (K.) ;  GROSE  (1790);  N.Cy.2  w.Yks.  SCATCHERD  Hist. 
Morlry  ;i8so)  169,  ed.  1874 ;  w.Yks.1  Hee's  waxen  a  gay,  leathe- 
wake,  fendible,  whelkin,  haspenald  tike,  ii.  289  ;  w.Yks.5 

HASPERT,i6.  w.Yks.1  ne.Lan.1  Also  in  form  hespert 
ne.Lan.1  [a'spat]  A  rough,  uncultivated  fellow. 

HASPIN,  sb.1  Sc.  n.Cy.  Cum.  Lan.  Also  written 
haspan  s.Sc.  (JAM.)  [h)a'spin.]  1.  A  stripling.  Cf. 
haspat,  haspenald. 

s.Sc.  A  raw  haspan  of  a  callan  !  Blackw.  Mag.  (May  1820)  164 
(JAM.).  n.Cy.  (HALL.^1 

2.  An  idle  fellow,  doing  nothing  but  lounging  about. 

Cum.  LINTON  Lake  Cy.  (1864)  305.     ne.Lan.1 

HASPIN,  sb.2  n.Cy.  Lakel.  Cum.  Yks.  Lan.  Also  in 
form  hespin  Lake].1  Cum.4  [h)a'spin,  h)e'spin.]  A  close- 
fisted  person,  a  miser  ;  a  greedy  and  over-reaching  man. 

n.Cy.  GROSE  (1790).  Lakel.1  An  ole  hespin.  Cum.4  w.Yks. 
HUTTON  Tour  to  Caves  (1781).  ne.Lan.1 

HASS,  see  Halse,  sb.' 

HASSBILES,  sb.  pi.  Or.I.  A  skin-disease  peculiar 
to  infancy,  which  produces  patches  of  dry  scab  on  the 
head.  (J.G.),  QAM.)  See  Halse,  sb.1 1. 




HASSENS,  Sh.I.  Also  written hassings  ;  hassins 
S.  &  Ork.1  1.  The  bottom  boards  of  a  boat  next  to  the 
stern.  (Coll.  L.L.B.),  S.&  Ork.1  2.  Comb.  Hassins-fore- 
and-aft,  the  boards  that  adjoin  the  keel  about  one-third  of 
its  length.  S.  &  Ork.1 

HASSICK,  HASSIE,  MASSING,  see  Hussock,  Hashy, 

HASSLE,  v.  Cum.  Also  written  hassel.  [ha'sl.]  To 
hack  at ;  to  cut  with  a  blunt  knife  and  with  a  sawing  motion. 

At  week  ould  beard  to  hassel  and  hack  Wid  razor  as  blunt  as 
a  saw,  DICKINSON  Cumbr.  (1878)  238;  A  razor  meaad  oot  of  an 
oald  hand  saw  eh  t'tudder,  was  shaven  oa  t'feaace  on  em. . .  When 
he'd  hasselt  at  em  till  bleudd  began  teh  cum,  SARGISSON  Joe  Scoap 
(1881  199;  Cum.4 

HASSLIN-TOOTH,  see  Axle-tooth. 

HASSOCK,  sb.  In  gen.  dial,  use  in  Sc.  and  Eng.  Also 
written  hassack  Lin.  Nhp.2  s.Pem. ;  hassick  Bch.  I.W.1 
Dor.1 ;  and  in  forms  assock  s.Not ;  hazzick  Brks.1 ; 
hossock  n.Yks.4  ;  hussick  Sh.I. ;  hussock  Gall.  n.Yks.1 
ne.  Yks.1  w.  Yks.1  ne.Lan.1  Nhp.1 ;  huzzick,  huzzock  s.Chs.1 
[h)a-sak,  ae'sak,  irssk.J  1.  A  tuft  of  coarse  grass,  gen. 
growing  in  boggy  places  ;  a  tuft  of  sedges,  reeds,  or  rushes. 
Also  used  attrib. 

N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Rounded  tufts  of  grass  in  the  fields,  especially 
those  of  the  Carex paniculata,  Linn., are  called  hassocks  (R.O.H.). 
Cum.  Who  should  come  up  but  Robbie  Atkinson  leading  hassocks, 
CAINE  Hagar  ^1887)  III.  159.  n.Yks.1  Large  tufts  of  coarse  grass 
growing  in  boggy  places  in  low  pastures,  or  carrs,  often  nearly 
or  quite  two  feet  high  and  twelve  or  fifteen  inches  in  diameter  in 
the  dry,  pillar-like  growth  of  root  and  stem  above  which  the 
herbage  flourishes;  n.Yks.4,  ne.Yks.1,  w.Yks.1  Lan.  Son  John 
went  to  th'  fell  for  a  double  load  of  hassocks,  WALKDEN  Diary 
(ed.  1866)  28;  Wanting  some  hassock  turf  to  top  our  stack  with  . . . 
Son  John  led  me  4  double  loads  home,  ib.  30.  Chs.  Sheaf  (1883) 
III.  16  ;  Chs.'  The  grass  which  forms  hassocks  is  chiefly  Aira 
caespitosa;  the  sedges  are  Carex  caespilosa  and  C.  paniculata;  Chs.3 
Midi.  Close  under  the  bank,  in  the  middle  of  a  large  clump  of 
'  hassock '  grass,  a  moorhen  has  formed  her  nest,  Cornh.  Mag. 
(Aug.  1892)  149.  s.Not.All  them'assocks  wants  diggin  up  (J.P.KA 
Lin.  MILLER  &  SKERTCHI.Y  Fenland  (1878)  vi.  n.Lin.1,  Rut.1,  Lei.1, 
Nhp.12,  War.3  s.Pem.  The  moor  is  covered  with  hassack,  we  must 
boorn  it  (W.M.M.).  Hnt.  (T.P.F.)  e.An.1  These  hassocks  in 
bogs,  were  formerly  taken  up  with  a  part  of  the  soil,  matted 
together  with  roots,  shaped,  trimmed,  and  dressed,  a  sufficient 
part  of  their  shaggy  and  tufted  surface  being  left,  to  make  kneeling 
much  easier  than  on  the  pavement  of  the  church,  or  the  bare 
boarded  floor  of  a  pew.  Suf.  RAINBIRD  Agric.  (1819)  301,  ed. 
1849  ;  In  these  fens  the  original  surface  is  rough  and  unequal 
from  the  great  tufts  of  rushes,  &c.,  called  hassocks,  MARSHALL 
Review  (1811)  III.  289.  e.Suf.  (F.H.),  Sur.1  Hmp.  The  hassocks 
or  carex  form  a  very  marked  feature,  WHITE  Selborne  (1788)  20, 
ed.  1853 ;  A  field  in  which  the  grass  is  tangled  is  said  to  be  'all  of 
a  hassock  '  (H.C.M.B.)  ;  Hmp.1,  I.W.1,  Dor.1  Dev.  With  much 
difficulty  I  could  step  from  one  hassock  to  another  in  laying  out 
the  drains,  VANCOUVER  Agric.  (1807)  2&6,  ed.  1813  ;  (R.P.C.) 

Hence  Hassocky  or  Huzzicky,  adj.  of  grass :  coarse, 
sedgy,  matted  together ;  of  land  :  abounding  in  hassocks. 

s.Chs.1  Applied  to  hay,  matted  together  and  mouldy,  the  result 
of  its  being  got  together  in  bad  condition.  Not.1,  n.Lin.1,  Lei.1, 
Nhp.1  Hnt.  A  sort  of  coarse  bad  hassocky  grass,  MARSHALL  Review 
(1814)  IV.  419. 

2.  Fig.   A  '  shock '  of  hair. 

Sc.  His  ain  shaggy  hassock  of  hair,  SCOTT  Rob  Roy  (1817)  xxxiv. 
Sh.I.  (Coll.  L. L.B.)  Bch.  The  tither  wis  a  haave  colour' d  smeer- 
less  tapie  wi'  a  great  hassick  o'  hair  h.ingin  in  twa  pennerets  about 
her  haffats,  FORBES  Jrn.  (1742)  17.  Gall.  His  eyes  shining  from 
under  his  hassock  of  grey  hair,  CROCKETT  Grey  Man  (1896)  xlix  ; 
MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1824). 

Hence  Hassock-head,  sb.  a  shock  head ;  a  bushy  and 
entangled  growth  of  coarse  hair.  e.An.1,  e.Suf.  (F.H.) 

3.  An  ant-hill.      Rut.1,  Lei.1     Hence  Hassock-hoeing, 
vbl.  sb.  taking  off  the  tops  of  ant-hills  with  a  hoe.     Rut.1 

4.  The  surface-layer  of  turf,  with  heath,  &c.  upon  it,  cut 
about  three  inches  thick ;   rotted  sward  such  as  appears 
when  a  field  is  reploughed,  and  the  grass  of  last  year 
exposed  to  view. 

s.Sc.  A  large  round  turf  of  peat-moss,  in  form  of  a  seat,  and  used 
as  such  (JAM.).  Wm.  A  thick  square  of  peaty  or  rushy  sod  set 
behind  the  hearth  fire  (J.H.).  Chs.1,  s.Chs.1 

Hence  Hassock-spade,  sb.  a  tool  used  to  get  turfs  from 
the  surface  of  a  bog,  made  in  the  form  of  a  crescent,  and 
fixed  to  a  long  handle,  curved  at  the  lower  end.  Chs.1 

5.  Anything  growing  in  a  thick,  matted  state  ;  a  thick, 
wooded  shaw  or  little  wood. 

Brks.1  A  wood  usually  of  Scotch  firs  with  much  coarse  rank 
grass.  Sus.12 

6.  The  soft  calcareous  sandstone  which  separates  the 
beds  of  ragstone  in  Kent,  used  in  building  the  interior 
walls  of  churches  ;  stone-chippings  used  instead  of  gravel 
for  paths. 

Ken.  The  calcareous  sandstones  in  the  Hythe  beds  are  locally 
termed  hassock,  RUTLEY  Stud.  Rocks  (1879)  XIV.  281 ;  (W.F.S.) ; 
This  stone  comes  from  the  Kentish  Rag  quarries.  .  .  It  is  called 
'  hassock  '  and  '  calk-stone  '  by  the  workmen,  RAMSAY  Rock  Spec. 
(1862)  153. 

Hence  Hassocky,  adj.  stony.    Sur.1 

7.  A  large  pond.    Ken.1     8.  Fig.  A  large,  coarse  woman. 
w.Yks.1,  ne.Lan.1 

[1.  OE.  hassuc,  coarse  grass,  a  place  where  such  grass 
grows  (B.T.).] 

HASTARD,  adj.  Sc.  (JAM.)  [Not  known  to  our 
correspondents.]  Irascible. 

HASTE,  sb.  Suf.  The  heart,  liver,  lungs,  or  lights  of 
an  animal,  esp.  of  a  pig.  Cf.  hase,  haslet. 

Suf.1  e.Suf.  '  Haste  '  one  hears  from  the  old  here,  but  their 
juniors  have  not  taken  it  up  (F.H.). 

Hence  Hastelings,  sb.  pi.  a  pig's  '  haste.'    e.Suf.  (F.H.) 

[OFr.  haste,  '  broche,  viande  cuite  a  la  broche,  echinee 
de  pore  '  (LA  CURNE).] 

HASTE,  v.  Sc.  Irel.  Lakel.  Also  written  haiste  Ayr. ; 
and  in  form  heest  Sc.  [best.]  1.  To  make  haste,  gen. 
in  imp. 

Sc.  Heest  ye,  man,  and  let  me  gang,  GREY  Misanthrope's  Heir 
(1897)  i.  Fif.  Heest  ye  an'  get  tea  ready,  an'  I'll  setaff thenicht, 
ROBERTSON  Provost  (1894)  49.  Ayr.  Haste  ye  fast,  for  I  want  to 
have  a  choice  o'  beasts,  JOHNSTON  Kilmallie  (1891)  I.  76.  Lnk. 
Come,  laddie,  heest  ye,  bring  the  liquor  ben,  COGHILL  Poems 
(1890)  128.  Ant.  ( W.H.P.) 

Hence  Haster,  sb.  a  violent  storm  of  rain. 

Lakel.2  When  it's  comen  down  a  regular  haster  ye  know  what 
ta  deea. 

2.  In  phr.  to  haste  one's  ways,  to  hasten  one's  steps,  to 
look  sharp. 

Ayr.  Haiste  ye're  ways  .  .  .  but  the  house  to  the  scullery,  GALT 
Laiiils  (1826)  xxxviii. 

HASTELET,  see  Haslet. 

HASTENE_R,  sb.  Nhb.  Yks.  Der.  Not.  Lei.  Nhp.  War. 
Shr.Oxf.  [h)e'san(r.]  1.  Asemicircularscreenlinedwith 
tin,  placed  behind  meat  roasting  before  the  fire,  to  keep 
the  cold  air  off  and  hasten  the  cooking  by  reflected  heat. 

Nhb.Sw.Yks^nw.Der.^Not.SLei.1,  Nhp.12,  War.23,  Oxf.  (G.O.) 

2.  A  long  funnel-shaped  tin  vessel  which  can  be  thrust 
deeply  into  the  fire,  used  for  warming  ale,  &c.  War.2,  Shr.1 

HASTER,  sb.1  Dur.  Yks.  Lan.  Lin.  Also  written 
haister  w.Yks.  n.Lan.1  [h)e-sta(r.]  A  '  hastener,'  a 

Dur.1  w.Yks.  Reight  at  top  end  wor  a  haister-looking  thing 
like  wot's  put  before  t'fire  when  a  piece  a  beef  iz  rostin,  TOM 
TREDDLEHOYLE  Fr.  Exhebishan  (1856)  29  ;  w.Yks.2  Shoo  tumbled 
backards,  and  nockt  haster  uppat  beef  an  t'beef  into  assnook  ; 
w.Yks.34,  n.Lan.1,  n.Lin.1 

[Cp.  OFr.  hasteur, '  rotisseur'  (LA  CURNE).] 

HASTER,  sb.2    n.Cy.    A  surfeit.    (HALL.) 

HASTER,  v.  Sc.  Also  in  form  hasther  Rnf.  To 
hurry,  to  drive  to  work  ;  to  fluster. 

Rnf.  Ne'er  fash  your  thume  although  your  bairns  Be  hasthered 
like  a  nigger,  BARR  Poems  (1861)  158.  Feb.  But  Meg  wi'  the 
sight,  was  quite  hastered,  NICOL  Poems  (1805*1  II.  160  (JAM.). 

HASTERED,  ppl.  adj.  Lakel.2  Having  the  skin 
roughened  by  contact  with  the  weather,  or  disease. 

HASTERN,  adj.  ?  Obs.  n.Sc.  (JAM.)  Also  in  form 
hastered.  Early,  soon  ripe.  See  Hastings. 

Hastern  aits,  early  oats. 

HASTINGS,  sb.  pi.  Suf.  Sus.  [e'stinz.]  An  early 
variety  of  pea,  Pisum  sativum ;  also  used  for  green  peas. 

Suf.  A  day  or  two  since  I  heard  the  cry  '  Green  Hastings.' .  . 




When  a  boy,  fifty  years  ago,  it  was  the  usual  cry  for  green  peas, 
Science  Gossip  (Aug.  1878)  in  (B.  &  H.).  e.Snf.  (F.H.)  Sus. 
N.  V  Q.  (1884)  6th  S.  ix.  403. 

[As  loud  as  one  that  sings  his  part  T*  a  wheel-barrow, 
or  turnip-cart,  Or  your  new  nick'd  nam'd  old  invention  To 
cry  green  hastings,  BUTLER  Hud.  (1664)  Ep.  toSidrophel,  22.] 

HASTIS,  adj.  and  adv.  Dev.  Cor.  Also  written 
haestis  Cor.2  [e'stis.]  1.  adj.  Hasty,  hurried. 

Cor.  Ef  tha  arn't  hastis  thce  shust  hire  tha  hole,  J.  TRENOODLE 
Spec.  Dial.  (1846 '  23  ;  Cor.1 

2.  Sudden.         Cor.1  Hastis  news. 

3.  adv.    Hurriedly,  hastily  ;  impatiently. 

Dev.  That  I  got  all  hastis  To  zee  a  gaarden  vul  o'  bastes, 
DANIEL  Bride  of  Scio  11842)  185.  Cor.2 

4.  Comb.  Haestis-go-thurra,  diarrhoea,    ib. 
HASTREL,  sb.      Rxb.   (JAM.)      [Not  known    to  our 

correspondents.]  A  confused  person,  one  who  is  always 
in  haste. 

HASTY,  sb.  Sc.  Also  in  form  heasty  Sth.  The 
murrain  which  attacks  cattle. 

Cai.  The  most  formidable  of  these  distempers  is  called  the 
murrain  (provinc.  hasty),  because  the  animal  dies  soon  after  it  is 
seized  with  it.  The  symptoms  are  these  :  the  animal  swells, 
breathes  hard,  a  great  flow  of  tears  from  its  eyes ;  it  lies  down,  and 
in  some  cases  is  dead  in  the  course  of  a  few  hours,  Agric.  Surv. 
aoo  (JAM.).  Sth.  The  disease  called  murrain,  or  heasty,  prevailed 
among  the  black  cattle  of  this  county  when  the  vallies  were 
covered  with  wood ;  since  these  woods  have  decayed,  this  dis- 
temper is  little  known,  ib.  101. 

HASTY,  adj.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  and  Eng.  Also 
written  haasty  w.Yks. ;  haaysty  Brks.1 ;  and  in  forms 
eeasty  n.Yks.  ;  heasty  Abd. ;  hyesty  Nhb.1  1.  In  comp. 

(1)  Hasty-betty,  the  tin  frame  of  a  meat-jack  ;  cf.  hastener; 

(2)  -brose,  (3)  -Dick,  (4)  -pudding  or  -poddish,  oatmeal 
porridge ;   a  pudding  gen.  made  of  milk  and  flour,  see 
below  ;    (5)  -Rogers,  the  common   nipplewort,  Lapsana 
communis ;   (6)  -whittle,  an  iron  skewer  heated  red-hot 
for  the  purpose  of  burning  a  hole  through  a  piece  of  wood. 

_  (i)  w.Yks.  Teat  ligs  i'  fhasty-betty  (W.M.E.F.)  ;  Th'  cat  wor 
sittin'  o'th'Hasty  Bettywi'it  feet  tucked  under  it,purrin',  HARTLEY 
Clock  Aim.  (1887)  28.  (2)  Abd.  Heasty-brose,  which  .  .  .  are 
rather  tough  to  swallow,  RUDDIMAN  Sc.  Parish  (1828)  133,  ed. 
1889.  (3)  Oxf.1  (4)  n.Cy.  (HALL.)  Nhb.  Breakfast,  every  day- 
hasty  pudding  and  one  gill  of  milk,  MACKENZIE  Hist.  Nezucast/e 
(1827)  541  ;  Nhb.1,  Bur.1  Lakel.2  Thick  poddish  and  treacle. 
Cum.  With  hot  hasty  pudding  see  some  cramm'd,  GILPIN  Sngs. 
(1866)  268  ;  Cum.4  Thick  pottage, — a  dish  which  almost  universally 
formed  the  breakfast,  and  often  the  supper;  it  consisted  of  oatmeal 
boiled  with  water  to  a  thick  pulp,  and  was  eaten  along  with  butter, 
milk,  treacle  or  beer.  n.Yks.  Pudding  made  of  watmeeal  [oatmeal], 
water,  and  salt  (sometimes  called  gulls)  (W.H.).  w.Yks.  Scotch 
oatmeal  which  has  been  ground  over  again  so  as  to  be  nearly  as 
fine  as  flour,  boiled  smooth  and  eaten  with  milk  or  treacle,  LUCAS 
Stud.  Nidderda/e  (,c.  1882;  iv;  Flour  or  wheat  or  oats  boiled  in 
water  or  milk,  poured  on  a  plate,  and  eaten  with  treacle,  or  into  a  basin 
of  milk,  BANKS  Wkfld.  Wds.  (1865) ;  w.Yks.1  Chs.  Oat  meal  boiled 
with  water  or  milk  into  hasty  pudding,  MARSHALL  Review  (j8i8) 
II.  no.  s.Lin.  Thin  milky  puddings,  such  as  arc  made  of  pearl- 
barley,  arrowroot,  &c.  '  It's  a  poor  dinner  y'r'll  ha'e  to-day ;  we've 
nobbud haasty-puddin' and  co'd  meat'  (T.H.R.).  Brks.1  A  pudding 
of  boiled  dough ;  sugar  and  butter,  or  else  treacle,  being  usually 
added  when  eating.  (5)  Dev.  Science  Gossip  (1873)  235.  (6}  Cum.4 

2.  Heavy,  violent,  gen.  used  of  rain.  Also  used  advb. 
Glo.  What  hasty  rain  vA.B.).  Ken.1  It  did  come  down  hasty, 
an'  no  mistake.  Sur.  The  rain  cluttered  down  hasty  (T.S.C.). 
Sas.  The  rain  was  not  so  hasty  as  it  had  been,  N.  &  Q.  (1882) 
6th  S.  vi.  447  ;  The  rain  come  down  terr'ble  hasty  surelye,  ib. 
(1883)  6th  S.  vii.  155. 

HASUM- JASUM,  see  Aizam-jazam. 

HAT,  sb.1  and  v.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  and  Eng.  Also 
in  form  at  Not.  Oxf.1  w.Som.1  '1.  sb.  In  comp.  (i)  Hat- 
bat,  applied  gen.  to  all  bats,  esp.  Plecotus  auritus  and 
Vespertilio  noctula ;  (2)  -body,  the  foundation  of  which  a 
hat  is  made;  (3)  -birret,  (4)  -brinks,  (5)  -bruarts,  (6) 
•flipe,  the  brim  or  edge  of  a  hat  or  cap  ;  (7)  -sheaf  or  -shav, 
the  covering  sheaf  of  a  corn-stock. 

(i)  Not.  (W.H.S.)  s.Not.  The  boys  sometimes  bring  bats  down 
by  throwing  up  their  hats  at  them.  '  At-bat,  come  under  my  'at. 

I'll  give  you  a  slice  of  bacon  ;  And  when  we  brew  and  when  we 
bake,  I'll  give  you  a  chiz-cake '  (J.P.K.).  Lei.',  Shr.12  (a)  Chs.1 
(3)  Cum.  I  can  mind  of  the  old  people  speaking  of  the  hat  birret. 
The  hat  birret  was  broad  and  worn  soft  (E.W.P.).  (4)  s.Not.  'Er 
'at-brinks  wor  all  tunned  up  (J.P.K.).  sw.Ltn.1  The  puppies  tore 
his  hat-brinks  off  (s.v.  Brink).  (5)  w.Yks.1,  e.Lan.1  Chs.  RAY 
(1691%  nw.Der.1  (6)  n.Yks.2  (.7)  Cum.1 

2.  Phr.  (i)  an  old  hal,  (a)  an  old  person  ;  (b)  the  prize 
supposed  to  be  won  by  a  person  telling  a  great  lie  ;  (a)  as 
queer  as  Dick's  hat-band,  very  queer ;  see  also  Dick,  sb.1 
2  (2)  ;  (3)  a  three-cocked  hat,  a  kind  of  tart ;  (4)  hat-full  of 
feathers,  (a)  the  nest  of  the  long-tailed  titmouse,  Acredula 

rosea ;  (b)  the  nest  of  the  willow-wren,  Phylloscopus 
trochilus :  (5)  hats  in  holes,  a  boys'  game,  see  below ;  (6) 
to  carry  a  lot  under  one's  hat,  to  be  crafty,  sly ;  (7)  to  give 
any  one  a  hat,  to  touch  one's  hat  in  salutation. 

(i,  a)  Cum.  If  thou  wast  ane  o'  t'lads  I'd  say  sum  auld  hatsower 
t'hill  had  been  efter  thee :  but  thou's  not  sae  daft  as  to  letten 
thysel'  be  guided  i'  thy  years,  LINTON  Lizzie  Lorton  (1867)  xxiii ; 
I  believe  this  is  a  mere  local  allusion  and  could  only  be  understood 
by  a  small  coterie  to  whom  the  coining  of  the  word  was  known. 
There  are  hundreds  of  such  like  words  coined  in  Cum.  (J.A.)  (b 
w.Yks.1  When  he  is  suspected  to  be  guilty  of  it  [a  great  lie],  it  is 
common  to  say,  'Here's  my  oud  hat  for  the."  (2  w.Yks.  As  queer 
as  Dick's  hatband,  'at  went  nine  times  raand  an'  wodn't  tee,  Prov. 
in  Brighouse  News  (July  23,  1887).  Lin.  THOMPSON  Hist.  Boston 
(1856)  733.  (3)  w.Yks.1  Currants  or  preserves  inclosed  in  a  thin 
crust  or  triangular  paste  or  pasty.  (4,  a  Shr.  Rupert  .  .  . 
discovered  the  .  .  .  nest  of ...  the  long-tailed  tit.  .  .  Inside,  it  was 
so  full  of  fine  soft  feathers,  that  it  quite  justified  the  name  it  bears 
among  the  country  lads  of  a  '  hat  full  of  feathers,'  DAVIES  Rambles 
Sck.  Field-Club  (1875)  xviii ;  Shr.1  (b)  Shr.1  ^5;  w.Som.1  The 
players  range  their  hats  in  a  row  against  a  wall,  and  each  boy  in 
turn  pitches  a  ball  from  a  line  at  some  twenty-five  feet  distance 
into  one  of  the  hats.  The  boy  into  whose  hat  it  falls  has  to  seize 
it  and  throw  it  at  one  or  other  of  the  others,  who  all  scamper  off 
when  the  ball  is  '  packed  in.'  If  he  fails  to  hit,  he  is  out  and  takes 
his  cap  up.  The  boy  whose  cap  is  left  at  the  last  lias  to  '  cork ' 
the  others— that  is,  to  throw  the  ball  at  their  bent  backs,  each  in 
turn  stooping  down  to  take  his  punishment.  6)  e.Suf.  (F.H.) 
(7)  Sc.  He  contented  his  politeness  with  'giving  him  a  hat,' 
touching,  that  is,  his  bonnet,  in  token  of  salutation,  and  so  left 
the  shop.  SCOTT  Nigel  (1822)  ii. 

3.  v.   To  cover  a  stook  of  corn  with  some  of  the  sheaves. 
Cf.  hattock,  sb.1 

w.Som.1  To  doubly  cap-stitch — i.  e.  to  set  up  the  sheaves  in  a 
large  stook  and  to  cover  down  the  top  with  a  kind  of  thatch  made 
of  some  of  the  sheaves  with  the  ear  downwards.  This  method  is 
very  common  in  '  lappery '  seasons,  and  it  prevents  the  corn  from 
sprouting,  while  at  the  same  time  it  allows  the  wind  to  pass 
through,  and  so  dry  the  straw.  Dev.  A  hat  is  much  larger  than 
a  '  cap-stitch,'  but  not  so  large  as  a  '  wind-mow.'  '  I  reckoned  to 
a-car'd  thick  piece  o'  wheat,  but  he  id'n  'ardly  fit,  not  eet,  zo  I 
told  em  to  go  and  hat'n  up,'  Reports  Provinc.  (1884)  19. 

HAT,  sb.2  Brks.  Hmp.  Nfld.  A  small  clump  or  ring 
of  trees;  any  small  irregular  mass  of  trees. 

Brks.1  Hmp.  The  term  hat  is  still  in  use  for  a  little  wood 
crowning  a  hill,  DE  CRESPIGNY  &  HUTCHINSON  New  Forest  ',1895) 
113;  Hmp.1  E.  g.  the  '  Dark  hats,'  near  Lyndhurst.  [Nfld.  A  hat 
of  trees,  PATTERSON  Trans.  Amer.  Fit-Lore  Soc.  (1894).  I 

HAT,  sb.a  Lin.  A  narrow  clearing  in  a  wood,  in 
which  at  a  battue  sportsmen  are  placed  separately  to 
shoot  game  crossing  it.  (J.C.W.) 

HAT,  see  Heat,  Hit,  Hurt. 

HATCH,  sb.1  In  gen.  'dial,  use  in  Sc.  and  Eng.  Also 
in  form  hetch  ne.Yks.1  [h)atj,  aetf,  etf.]  1.  A  door 
filling  only  the  lower  half  of  the  doorway. 

Nhp.1,  War.3,  Hrf.1,  Glo.1 2  Oxf.1  A  broad  piece  of  wood  placed 
across  the  entrance  to  a  barn,  &c.,  to  prevent  the  cattle  passing 
through.  Brks.1  An  opening  which  may  be  closed  by  a  wooden 
slide  or  door,  used  for  passing  articles  through  by  hand.  e.An.2, 
Sus.1  Hmp.1  The  buttery-hatch,  in  old  halls,  was  a  half-door,  with 
a  ledge  on  the  top.  Wil.  BRITTON  Beauties  (1825) ;  Wtl.1  '  Barn- 
hatch,'  a  low  board  put  across  the  door,  over  which  you  must  step 
to  enter.  Gen.  applied  to  the  half  doors  frequent  in  shops.  Dor. 
The  childern  all  did  run  an'  poke  Their  heads  vrom  hatch  or  door, 
an'  shout,  BARNES  Poems  (1869-70")  3rd  S.  102.  w.Som.1  Often 
in  cottages  called  the  half-hatch.  '  I  zeed  th'  old  man  a  Zunday 
hon  I  passed,  'cause  he  was  a  stood  a  lookin  out  over  the  hatch.' 




Dev.  Shot  tha  hatch,  Sallie,  that  tha  wet  midden  come  in,  HEWETT 
Peas.  Sp.  (1892);  Dev.1  The  half-door  of  cot-houses  :  also  a  sliding- 
pannel  to  answer  the  same  purpose.  nw.Dev.1  The  doors  in  a 
barn  are  usually  made  in  halves,  called  half  hatches,  and  distin- 
guished as  top-hatch  and  bottom-hatch.  In  cottages  the  hatch 
corresponds  to  the  bottom-hatch,  but  there  is  an  ordinary  or  full- 
length  door  as  well.  A  trap-door  is  called  trap-hatch.  s.Dev. 
Fox  Kitigsbridge  (1874).  Cor.  There  was  to  the  front  door  of  this 
house,  a  hatch,  which  is  a  half-door,  that  is  kept  closed  when  the 
whole  door  behind  it  is  open,  and  it  then  serves  as  a  guard  against 
the  intrusion  of  dogs,  hogs,  and  ducks,  while  air  and  light  are 
freely  admitted,  HUNT  Pop.  Rom.  w.Eng.  (ed.  1896)  95.  [It's  good 
to  have  a  hatch  before  the  door,  RAY  Prov.  (,1678)  152.] 

2.  Comp.   (i)   Hatch-door,  a  wicket  or  half-door;    (2) 
-hole,   a  trap-door ;    (3)  -way,  (a)  an  opening  used  for 
pitching  into  a  barn  or  hay-loft ;  (b)  the  sliding  panel  to 
a  box-bed. 

(i)  Sc.  He  retired  into  his  shop  and  shut  the  hatch-door,  SCOTT 
Nigel  (1822)  xxvi.  Glo.  (A.B.)  (2)  e.Fif.  She  disturbed  the 
repose  of  the  barrel,  causin'  it  to  tak  its  flicht  doon  through  the 
hatchhole  as  aforesaid,  LATTO  Tarn  Bodkin  (1864)  xxii.  (3,  a) 
Nhp.1  (b)  Sc.  Waverley  had  repeatedly  drawn  open  .  .  .  the 
hatchway  of  his  cage,  SCOTT  Waverley  (1814)  xxxvii. 

3.  A  small  gate  or  wicket,  gen.  leading  into  a  garden  or 
put  across  a  narrow  road. 

Nhb.1  Near  a  wicket  or  hatch  at  Cockmount  Hill.  Chs.  Shut 
the  hatch  after  yow  (E.F.);  Chs.1  s.Clis.1  Dhu  foa-ks  i  Sol  up 
dun)u  tau'k  reyt  Ingg-lish  ;  dhai  kau'n  iS  aach'  u  wik'it  [The  folks 
i'  Sollop  dunna  talk  reight  English  ;  they  cawn  a  hatch  a  wicketl. 
Shr.  ELLIS  Pronunc.  (1889)  V.  454.  e.An.1,  Ess.1  Ken.1  A  half- 
hatch  is  where  a  horse  may  pass,  but  not  a  cart ;  Ken.2  Sus. 
Perhaps  entrance  to  a  forest  or  wood,  N.  &  Q.  (1887)  7th  S.  iii. 
192;  Sus.1  Hmp.1  Gen.  a  gate  dividing  parishes  or  manors.  Wil.1 
Dor.  Paid  James  Elby  for  mending  the  hatches,  yi. ,  Tyneham 
Overseers'  Ace.  (June  10,  1753);  (C.W.);  An'  leanes  wi'  here  an' 
there  a  hatch,  BARNES  Poems  (1879"!  40.  Som.  I  was  not  allowed 
to  go  out  into  the  road,  but  watched  them  from  the  garden-hatch 
(W.F.R.)  ;  She  stood  at  the  hatch  watching  her  aunt  out  of  sight, 
RAYMOND  Tryphena  (1895)  36. 

Hence  Hatch-gate,  sb.  a  gate  at  the  junction  of  parishes 
or  manors.  Brks.1 

4.  The  flood-gate  of  a  water-meadow ;  a  sluice ;  a  dam 
or  mound  to  keep  back  water. 

n.Wil.  The  farmers  lower  down  the  brook  pull  up  the  hatches 
to  let  the  flood  pass,  JEFFERIES  Wild  Life(i8-jg)  107.  Dor.  (C.W.), 
Cor.  (K.),  Cor.1 

5.  Salt-making  term  :  the  door  of  a  furnace.     Chs.1 

6.  The  portion  of  a  window  that  opens  on  hinges.  War.3 

7.  The  latch  of  a  door. 

Chs.1  Dunna  bowt  th'  durr,  lave  it  o'th  hatch,  and  then  thi 
fayther  can  come  in  when  he's  a  mind  an  we'n  go  to  blanket  fair 
[bed].  Suf.1 

8.  A  hen-coop.    War.3        9.  The  back  part  of  a  wagon 
which  lets  down  for  the  contents  to  be  taken  out.  ne.Yks.1, 
e.Yks.  (Miss  A.)     Cf.  hack,  sb.2  18. 

HATCH,  sb.2  n.Lin.1  [atj.]  The  sharp-pointed  end 
of  a  mason's  hammer. 

HATCH,  sb.a  and  v.1  Glo.  Wil.  [astf.]  1-  sb.  The 
row  into  which  grass  is  raked  after  being  '  tedded,'  a  line 
of  raked-up  hay,  a  '  wallow.'  Cf.  hack,  sb.1 11. 

Glo.1  Three  or  four  hatches  are  then  raked  into  a  '  double 
hatch  ' ;  two,  or  sometimes  three,  of  these  double  hatches  make  a 
'bray.'  Wil.1  n.Wil.  Grass  is  first  mown  ;  then  it  is  '  tedded,' 
i.  e.  spread,  then  it  is  raked  up  into  lines,  '  hatches,'  or  '  wallows,' 
which  may  be  either  single  hatches  or  double  hatches  (E.H.G.). 

2.  v.    To  rake  the  '  tedded '  hay  into  small  rows  ready 
for  cocking ;  freq.  used  with  up  or  in. 

Glo.  LEWIS  Gl.  (1839) ;  Glo.1,  Wil.1,  n.Wil.  (E.H.G.) 

HATCH,  v."  and  sb*  Hmp.  I.W.  [astj.]  1.  v.  To 
hook  on  ;  with  in  or  on  :  to  harness.  Hmp.  (H.E.),  I.W.1 

2.  To  tear  a  thing  by  catching  it  on  something.    I.W. 
(J.D.R.),  I.W.1 

3.  sb.   A  tear  in  a  garment  caused  by  catching  it  on  some 
projecting  object. 

Hmp.  (H.C.M.B.)  I.W.  (J.D.R.)  ;  I.W.2  I've  maade  a  middlen 
half  hatch  in  my  breeches  .  .  .  gitten  over  that  wattle  hurdle. 

HATCH,  v.3  Sur.Sus.  Hmp.  I.W.  [aetf.]  To  scrape  the 
bark  from  the  tree,  after  the  '  rinding '  is  over,  in  order 


to  free  the  bark  from  lichen ;  to  dress  the  bark  for  the 

Sur.1  Sus.  Faggoting  the  lop  and  scraping  and  hatching  the 
bark  are  different  operations,  HEATH  Eng.  Peas.  (1893)  183 ; 
(S. P.H.I ;  Sus.1,  Hmp.1 

Hence  Hatch-hook,  sb.  the  kind  of  bill-hook  used  for 
chopping  oak-bark  small  for  the  tanner.  Hmp.1,  I.W.1  . 

HATCH,  v*  Ken.  Sus.  [aetf.]  To  prepare  for ;  to 
develop  a  disease  ;  freq.  with  up  ;  used  trans,  and  intr. 

Ken.1  I  think  it's  hatching  up  for  snow.  She's  hatching  up 
a  cold.  Sus.1  I  think  she's  hatching  the  measles. 

HATCH(-,  see  Hawch,  Hotch,  v. 

HATCHEL,  sb.1  e.Lan.1  [a'tfl.]  A  hatchet ;  a  mason's 

HATCHEL,  sb.2  and  v.1    Obs.    Chs.  Nhp.  Shr.    Also 
in  form  hetchel  Shr.1      1.  sb.    An  instrument  for  dressing 
hemp  or  flax.    Chs.1,  Nhp.1,  Shr.1 
2.  v.    To  comb  flax  or  hemp  with  a  '  hatchel.' 

Chs.1  [Serancer,  to  hatchel  flax,  &c.,  to  comb,  or  dress  it  on  an 
iron  comb,  COTGR.] 

HATCHEL,  sb.3  and  v.2  Nhp.  Sus.  [as-tfl.]  1.  sb. 
A  small  row  or  cock  of  cut  grass.  Also  in  cotnp.  Hatchel- 

Nhp.1  The  grass  ...  is  next  hacked,  or  separated  into  small 
rows  ;  in  the  evening  it  is  put  into  small  cocks,  sometimes  called 
hatchel-cocks,  or  toddle-cocks,  or  wads.  Three  hatchels  or  hack- 
lings,  thrown  together  into  one  broad  row  or  swathe,  are  termed 
a  win-row,  or  windrow  (s.v.  Hack) ;  Nhp.2 
2.  v.  To  rake  cut  grass  into  small  rows.  Nhp.2,  Sus.1 

HATCHEL,  v.3  Fif.  (JAM.)  [Not  known  to  our  corre- 
spondents.] To  shake  in  crying.  See  Hotch. 

HATCHELOR,  sb.  e.Lan.1  Stone  squared  and  bedded 
for  walling  in  even  courses,  ashlar. 

HATCHER,  sb.  Nrf.  The  hedge-sparrow,  Accentor 

This  .  .  .  little  bird  goes  in  the  Broadland  by  the  name  of  the 
'  Hatcher,'  perhaps  because  he  sometimes  '  hatches  off1  the  lazy 
cuckoo's  egg,  EMERSON  Birds  (ed.  1895)  54. 

HATCHET,  sb.1  Dev.  Cor.  In  phr.  to  sling  the  hatchet, 
to  be  lazy. 

Dev.3  Sometimes,  but  very  rarely,  heard.  Dev.,  Cor.  N.  &  Q. 
(1869)  4th  S.  iv.  254. 

HATCHET,  sb.2    Shr.    Dev.      Also  written   atchett. 

1.  A  hurdle  hung  on  a  beam  across  a  stream  to  keep 
back  cattle.     Reports  Provinc.  (1891). 

2.  A  low  garden  gate.    Shr.  ELLIS  Pronunc.  (1889)  V. 
454.    Cf.  hatch,  s*.1  3. 

HATCHET-PIECE,  sb.  Sus.  A  '  paul '  or  division  of 
tenantry  land  of  irregular  shape. 

Sus.1  (s.v.  Tenantry-acre) ;  Sus.2  (s.v.  Paul). 

HATCH-HORN,  see  Acorn. 

HATCH-NAIL,  sb.  nw.Dev.1  A  rectangular,  rose- 
headed,  hand-made  nail  3  inches  long  ;  a  half-hatch  nail 
is  2  inches  long. 

HATE,  see  Hait,  Height,  Hot. 

HATEABLE,  adj.    Sh.I.     Hateful,  odious. 

Der  [weasels]  hateable  things,  S/i.  News  (Nov.  25,  1899). 

HATELY,  adj.  Lan.  [e'tli.]  Bad-tempered,  hateful ; 
showing  hate. 

Lan.1,  e.Lan.1    s.Lan.  Dunnobesohately,BAMFORD  Dial.  (1854). 

HATER,  see  Hadder,  sb.2 

HATESUM,  adj.  Sc.  n.Cy.  Also  written  hait-  (JAM. 
Suppl.}.  [hle-tsam.]  Unkind,  hateful,  hated.  Sc.  (JAM. 
Suppl.),  Cai.1,  n.Cy.  (J.W.) 

[This  haitsum  lyfe,  DOUGLAS  Eneados  (1513),  ed.  1074, 

IV.  22.] 

HATHA,  int.    n.Lan.    Hark,  listen  !  (C.W.D.) 

[Repr.  lit.  E.  hark  thou  /] 

HATHA,  see  Hither. 

HATHE,  sb.  Dor.  Som.  [85.]  A  thick  covering; 
gen.  in  phr.  to  be  in  a  hathe,  to  be  thickly  covered  with  the 
pustules  of  the  small-pox  or  other  eruptive  disease  ;  to  be 
matted  closely  together. 

Dor.  BARNES  Gl.  (1863).  Som.  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng. 
(1825)  Gl. ;  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873). 

HATHER,  see  Hadder,  sb.2,  Heather. 




HATHERN,  sb.    Som.    The  hand-rail  to  stairs. 

I  first  catched  a  hold  o'  the  hathern,  so  I  jissy  saved  I  (W.F.R.). 

HATH3SH,  sb.  Sc.  A  small  dry  measure ;  four  in  a 
peck  ;  also  used  attrib. 

ne.Sc.  The  new  tenant  along  with  a  friend  went  from  farm  to 
farm  and  got  a  peck  or  two  from  this  one,  .  .  a  hathish  cogful 
from  the  next  one,  GREGOR  Fill-Lore  (1881)  178  ;  ib.  Gl. 

HATKIN,  see  Hutkin. 

HATREDANS,  HATT,  see  Aitredan,  Hit. 

HATTED  K1T(T,  phr.  Sc.  A  preparation  of  milk, 
&C.,  with  a  creamy  top. 

Sc.  He  has  spilt  the  hatted  kitt  that  was  for  the  master's  dinner, 
SCOTT  Bride  of  Lam.  (1819)  xi.  Lnl.  A  wooden  bowlful  of  sour 
cream  (JAM.).  [Hatted  kit  is  one  of  the  pleasantest  preparations 
of  milk.  Make  a  quarts  of  new  milk  scalding  hot,  and  pour  upon 
it  quickly  4  quarts  of  fresh  butter-milk ;  let  it  stand,  without  stirring, 
till  it  becomes  cold  and  firm  ;  then  take  off  the  hat  or  upper  part, 
drain  it  in  a  hair-sieve,  put  it  into  a  shape  for  half  an  hour,  turn 
it  into  a  dish,  and  serve  with  cream  and  sugar,  STEPHENS  Farm 
Bk.  (1855)  II.  299.] 

HATTER,  sb.1  Sc.  Nhb.  Yks.  In  phr.  like  a  hatter, 
used  as  an  intensive,  in  the  sense  of  vigorously,  boldly,  &c. 

Sc.  When  tyrant  Death  grim  o'er  him  stood  He  faced  him  like 
a  hatter,  FORD  Thistledown  (1891)  327.  Per.  I  birl'd  my  tip'ce 
[twopence]  like  a  hatter,  STEWART  Character  (1857)  44.  Slg. 
Where'er  he  spies  a  washing  tub,  He  rins  like  ony  hatter,  TOWERS 
Poems  (1885)  161.  Lnk.  Ye  maun  rin  like  a  hatter.  .  .  Bring  up 
twa  pailsfouo' clear  callerwater,HAMiLTONP<*>»«.s(i865)  133.  Nhb. 
Off  like  a  hatter,  to  fight  like  a  hatter  (R.O.H.).  w.Yks.  (J.W.) 

HATTER,  v.  and  sb.2  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Yks.  Nhp.  Bdf. 
e.An.  Ken.  Also  in  form  atter  w.Yks.  m.Yks.1  [h)a'ta(r, 
8e-ta(r).]  1.  v.  To  shake  ;  to  shake  up  as  on  a  rough 
road.  Cf.  hotter,  v. 

N.Cy.1  I'm  all  haltered  to  pieces.  Nhb.  The  road  wis  that  bad, 
see  ye  ! — Aw  wis  aall  haltered  to  bits  (R.O.H.).  Our.  GIBSON 
Up-Wcardale  Gl.  (1870)  ;  Dur.1 

2.  To  harass,  vex,  ill-treat ;  to  exhaust  with  fatigue. 

Sc.  This  hatters  and  chatters  My  very  soul  with  care,  TRAIN 
Poet.  Reveries  (1806)  49  (JAM.).  Sh.I.  Doo'll  hae  to  pit  somtin  in 
his  [pig]  nose  if  hit  wis  bit  a  muckle  preen !  .  .  Hit'll  hatter  him, 
Girzzie,  Sh.  News  (Sept.  a,  1899) ;  (Coll.  L.L.B.) ;  S.  &  Ork.1 
Abd.  I've  haltered  a'  my  hand  wi'  the  saw  (G.W. ).  e.An.1  Ken. 
A  horse  by  too  much  riding  ;  or  a  utensil  by  too  much  lending,  is 
hatter'd  about  (K.). 

Hence  (i)  Hattered,  ppl.  adj.  badly  treated  ;  exhausted 
or  wearied  ;  (2)  Hattering,  ppl.  adj.  harassing,  tiring. 

(i)  Sh.I.  A  poor  haltered  ting  o'  bairn  (K.I.I  ;  S.  &  Ork.1  Nhp.1 
(a)  Bdf.  Your's  must  be  a  hatlering  life  (J.W.B.). 

3.  To  fret,  make  a  fuss. 

Nhp.1  She's  always  scolding  and  haltering  about. 

4.  To  mix  or  confuse  things  ;  to  throw  into  disorder,  to 
entangle,  knot. 

n.Yks.  T'women   alters  t'berrylrees  wi'  their   cleeas   (I.W.)  ; 

n.Yks.4,  m.Yks.1 

6.  To  be  in  a  confused  but  moving  state.    Dmf.  (JAM.) 
6.  To  gather,  to  collect  in  crowds.     Fif.  (ib.)        7.  To 

speak  thick  and  confusedly.    Slk.  (ib.) 

8.  sb.   A  jumble,  confused  crowd  ;  a  knot  or  tangle.    Cf. 

Sc.  Amang  a  perfect  hatler  of  unkenl  faces,  Sc.  Haggis,  156  ; 
A  hatter  of  slancs,  a  heap  of  stones  ;  a  haller  of  berries,  a  large 
cluster  or  great  quanlity  crowded  together  QAM.).  w.Sc.  Buy 

B 1  what  would  I  do  wi'  B ?  it's  naething  but  a  hatler  of 

peal-pols  frae  Ihe  one  end  lo  the  other,  CARRICK  Laird  of  Logan 
(1835)  34.  Flf.  In  their  criticisms  they  resented  all  corruptions 
or  conglomerations  of  ornamental  styles.  The  laller  they  scorn- 
fully designaled  'a  haller  o'  nonsense,'  ROBERTSON  Provost (1894) 
84.  n.Yks.  T'lhread  was  raffled  [langled]  all  in  a  hard  alter  (I.W.). 

Hence  Hatery  or  Hatry,  (i)  adj.  dishevelled,  entangled  ; 
(a)  sb.  a  confused  jumble. 

(l)  Sc.  A  hatry  hesp,  a  hank  of  yarn  lhat  is  tangled  or  dis- 
ordered (JAM.).  n.Sc.  A  hatry  head  when  the  hair  has  not  been 
combed  out  for  a  long  time  (ib.).  (3)  Per.  Whatna  hatery  hae 
we  here?  (G.W.) 

9.  Phr.  to  be  a'  in  a  hatter,  said  of  the  face,  &c.,  when 
entirely  covered  with  any  eruption,  as  small-pox. 

Sc.  I  wish  you  saw  my  a — ,  ils  a  in  ae  hatter,  GRAHAM  Writings 
(1883)  II.  332.  Cai.1,  Dmf.  QAM.) 

HATTER-CROPPER,  see  Attercop. 

HATTEREL,  sb.  Sc.  Irel.  Yks.  Also  written  hateral 
Ayr. ;  hatteral(l  Bnff.1  Ayr. ;  and  in  forms  hatrel  Sc. 
(JAM.) ;  hattrel  Bnff. ;  hitteril  w.Yks.1  [ha't(a)rl.] 

1.  A  large  quantity ;   a  miscellaneous  collection,  jumble. 
See  Hatter,  sb.2  8. 

Bnff.  A  '  hattrel '  of  poor  cots  belonging  to  the  glebe,  GORDON 
Chron.  Keith  (1880)  370;  Bnff.1  A  large  quantity  of  small  stones 
lying  together,  not  in  heaps,  but  spread  over  a  space.  '  Ye'll 
niver  get  a  crap  aff  o'  that  Ian'  :  it's  naething  bit  a  hatleral  o' 
slanes.'  Ayr.  My  heid  seems  to  be  in  a  perfect  hatleral!  of  con- 
fusion, SERVICE  Notandums  (1890)  8 ;  He  threeps  that  the  body 
is  no  his  wife's,  and  ca's  it  a  hateral  o'  clay  and  stones,  GALT 
Entail  (1823)  xxxv.  N.I.1  A  hatterel  o'  weans. 

2.  A  collection  of  sores  in  any  part  of  the  body  ;  a  series 
of  scabs  running  into  one  another. 

Sc.  (JAM.)  N.I.1 '  He's  all  in  a  hatterel,'  i.  e.  his  body  is  all  over 
sores.  Ant.  Bally mena  Obs.  (1893).  w.Yks.1  My  legs  're  all  of  a 

HATTER-FLITTER,  sb.  Cor.  Also  in  form  hatter- 
flight.  The  jack-snipe,  Limnocryptes  gallinula. 

They  be  wild  as  hatler-flights,  BARING-GOULD  Curgtnvtn  (1893) 
xi;  Cor.12 

HATTERN,  sb.    n.Yks.2    Clothing  of  all  kinds. 

[I  haue  here  a  hatir  to  hyde  hym,  York  Plays  (c.  1400) 
267.  OE.  hxteru,  clothes.] 

HATTIL,  see  Hottle,  sb> 

name  of  a  game. 

Lnk.  When  we  were  deeply  engaged  in  a  game  of  '  hatting 
ower  the  bonnets,'  FRASER  Whaups  '  1895)  iii. 

RATTLE,^'.  n.Cy.  Yks.  Chs.  Also  Ken.  1.  Wild, 
skittish,  mischievous  ;  uncertain  in  temper  ;  gen.  used  of 
a  skittish  cow. 

n.Cy.  BAILEY  (1721).     Yks.,  Chs.  (P.R.)    Chs.  Tie  Ihehallle  ky 
by  Ihe  horn,  RAY  (1691)  ;  Chs.123      s.Chs.1  Yoa-  mfln  mahynd 
dhaat-  ky'aay  ;  <5o)z  fl  aal'l  beg  ur  [Yo  mun  mind  that  ca'i ;  hoo's 
a  hatlle  beggar].     Ken.  (P.R.) 
2.  Comb.  Hattle-tempered,  quick-tempered,  '  touchy." 

s.Chs.1  Yu  aa'rdli  daa-rn  spee'k  lu)lh  mon — ey)z  su  aal-1- 
tenvpurd  [Yo  hardly  darn  (dare)  speak  to  th'  mon — hey's  so 

[The  same  as  ME.  hatel,  hateful,  fierce.  Povert  is 
hatel  good,  CHAUCER  C.  T.  D.  1195  (Corpus  MS.).  OE. 
hatol,  '  odiosus,'  Kentish  Glosses  (c.  870),  in  Wright's  Voc. 
(1884)  69.] 

HATTOCK,  sb.1  and  v.  Nhb.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan.  Chs. 
Stf.  Shr.  Also  in  forms  attock  Yks.  n.Stf.  ;  huttock 
N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  [h)a'tak.]  1.  sb.  A  shock  of  standing 
sheaves  of  corn,  the  tops  of  which  are  protected  by  two 
sheaves  laid  along  them  in  such  a  way  as  to  carry  off  rain; 
the  two  covering  sheaves,  'hood-sheaves,'  'hooders.' 

n.Cy.  A  shock  containing  la  sheaves  of  corn,  BAILEY  (1721) ; 
N.Cy.1  10  sheaves  of  corn,  set  two  and  two  upright  and  two  '  hoods,' 
one  al  each  end,  to  cover  them  ;  N.Cy.2  Nhb.1  A  pile  of  corn 
sheaves,  made  of  twelve  sheaves,  ten  of  which  are  set  uprighl,  Iwo 
and  Iwo  together,  whilst  two  are  laid  on  the  top  as  hood  or 
covering  sheaves.  Cum.  Ten  sheaves  are  a  haltock  and  twelve  a 
stook,  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863)  (s.v.  Haddock).  Wm.  Ten 
sheaves  of  corn,  eight  set  upright  and  two  placed  for  hoods  or 
covers  (J.H.).  s.Wra.  (J.A.B.)  n.Yks.  A  man,  or  sloul  boy, 
following  lo  tie  up  the  sheaves,  which  are  sel  up  in  'slooks'  or 
'altocks'  by  the  men,  in  the  evening,  TUKE  Agric.  (1800)  130. 
w.Yks.  A  pile  of  four  sheaves  (S.K.C.) ;  w.Yks.1  A  shock  of  corn 
containing  len  sheaves.  Lan.  THORNBER  Hist.  Blackpool  (1837)  ; 
Lan.1,  ne.Lan.1,  e.Lan.1  Chs.  By  cuslom  is  paid  y»  I  ith,  and  not 
y»  loth,  Haltock  or  Rider  of  Corn,  GASTRELL  Notitia  Cestriensis 
(c.  i707)inChelh.  Soc.  (1845)  VIII.  164  ;  A  slack  of  corn,  consisting 
of  five  or  more  sheaves,  as  il  slands  in  the  field  before  carrying 
(E.F.) ;  Cha.1  We  wanten  a  good  wynd  as  '11  blow  lh'  altocks  o'er, 
afore  th'  curn  '11  be  ready  to  lead.  s.Chs.1  n.Stf.  Ten  sheaves  of 
corn  (J.T.).  Shr.1  Sheaves  of  corn  inverted  over  the  '  mow '  to 
protect  it  from  wet.  The  two  end  sheaves  of  Ihe  '  mow,'  which 
consists  of  eight  sheaves,  are  taken  as  hatlocks  for  the  remain- 
ing six. 

2.  v.  Tocoverreaped  corn  in  the  fieldwith  sheaves.  Shr.1 
[1.  A  der.  of  ON.  htittr  (gen.  hattar),  a  cowl  or  hood  ;  cp. 
Sw.  dial,  halt,  the  covering  of  a  corn-rick  (RiETz).] 




HATTOCK,  sb*  Chs.13  [a'tak.]  A  hole  in  the  roof 
where  owls  harbour. 

HATTREL,  sb.  w.Sc.  QAM.)  [Not  known  to  our 
correspondents.]  The  core  or  flint  of  a  horn. 

HATTY,  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Lakel.  Also  written  battle 
Sc.  [ha'ti.]  1.  A  game  of  leap-frog  ;  see  below. 

Nhb.1  A  game  at  leap-frog  where  each  boy  leaves  his  cap  on  the 
back  as  he  leaps  over.  The  boy  who  '  makes  the  back '  is  called 
'  hatty.'  If  a  boy  causes  a  cap  to  slip  off  as  he  leaps  he  becomes 
'  hatty.' 

2.  A  game  with  pins. 

Gall.  A  game  with  preens  on  the  crown  of  a  hat ;  two  or 
more  play;  each  lay[s]  on  a  pin,  then  with  the  hand  they  strike 
the  side  of  the  hat,  time  about,  and  whoever  makes  the  pins,  by  a 
stroke,  cross  each  other,  lift[s]  those  so  crossed,  MACTAGGART 
Encycl.  (1824)  255,  ed.  1876. 

3.  Comp.  Hatty-cap,  a  boys'  game  ;  see  below. 

Lakel.  A  game  at  ball  with  hats  for  '  motty."  The  hats  or  caps 
are  placed  in  a  row  and  the  ball  thrown  towards  them;  if  it  alights 
in  one  and  remains  there  the  lad  it  belongs  to  must  mind  the  motty 

HAU,  HAUBER,  see  How,  adv.,  Haver,  sb.2 
HAUCH,  see  Haugh,  Hawk,  v.1 

HAUCHEE-PAUCHEE,  sb.  Dev.1  A  term  applied 
to  potatoes  when  boiled  to  a  mash,  a  '  hodge-podge.' 

HAUCHLE,  v.  Sc.  Irel.  Also  in  forms  haghle  Lth. 
Rxb.  (JAM.);  haughle  N.I.1  [ha-xl,  h§-xl.]  To  walk 
lamely  or  with  difficulty,  to  hobble,  drag  the  feet  along 
the  ground. 

Lnk.  To  walk  as  those  do  who  are  carrying  a  heavy  burden 
(JAM.).  Lth.  (ib.)  e.Lth.  What  needs  ye  gang hauchlin  an'  hirplin 
alang,  like  crupple  Dick  upon  a  stick?  HUNTER/.  Imvick  (1895) 
14.  Rxb.  (JAM.),  N.I.1 

Hence  (i)  Hauchal,  sb.  a  deformed  or  crippled  person  ; 
(2)  Hauchlin,  ppl.  adj.  (a)  hobbling,  limping,  shambling ; 
(b)  slovenly. 

(i)  Ayr.  He  had  a  long  square  body  and  short  legs,  with  a  de- 
formity about  the  houghs  that  earned  for  him  the  name  of  the 
hauchal,  JOHNSTON  Kilmallie  (1891)  II.  141.  (2,  a)  Hauchlin 
Pate,  the  village  drummer,  got  a  job  from  the  auctioneer,  ib.  I.  i. 
(b)  Rnf.  (JAM.) 

HAUCHS,  sb.  pi.  Ags.  (JAM.)  The  three  points  into 
which  the  upper  part  of  a  ploughshare  is  divided  and  by 
which  it  clasps  in  the  wood. 

HAUD,  sb.    Sc.    [Not  known  to  our  correspondents.] 
A  squall.    Mry.  Gl.  Surv.  (JAM.) 
HAUD,  see  Hold,  v.,  sb. 

HAUEN,  sb.  Cor.  Also  written  hawn.  A  harbour, 

The  common  word  for  haven,  as  meaning  a  harbour.  Our 
fishermen  say  their  boats  are  out  in  the  hawn,  as  distinguished 
from  being  at  the  piers,  N.  &  Q.  (1854)  ist  S.  x.  319;  The  har- 
bour of  Polperro,  locally  termed  the  hauen,  QuiLLER-Coucn  Hist. 
Polperro  (1871)  30  ;  Cor.1 

HAUF,  see  Half,  How,  sb.\  Howf(f. 
Awvish,  Halflin(g,  Halflins,  Hawgaw. 

HAUGH,  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Wm.  Yks.  Lan. 
Also  written  hawgh  n.Cy.  Wm. ;  and  in  forms  ha'  Sc. ; 
haaf  Nhb.1 ;  halgh  Lan. ;  hauch  Sc. ;  haulgh  Lan. ;  haw 
Dur.  n.Yks.8  [Sc.  hax.]  1.  Low-lying,  level  ground  by 
the  side  of  a  river  ;  also  used  Jig.  andattrib.  Cfihale,  sb.2 
Sc.  The  margin  of  the  brook  .  .  .  displayed  a  narrow  meadow, 
or  haugh,  as  it  was  called,  which  formed  a  small  washing-green, 
SCOTT  Waverley  (1814)  ix  ;  In  a  lythe,  cantie  hauch,  in  a  cottage, 
JAMIESON  Pop.  Ballads  (1806)  I.  292.  Mry.  Gi'e  me  the  land  where 
Lossie  pours  By  haugh  and  flowery  mead,  HAY  Lintie  (1851)  45. 
Bnff.  More  particularly  when  wandering  amongst  the  delightful 
haughs  of  Grandholm,  SMILES  Natur.  (1876)  ix.  Abd.  The  prisoner 
...  set  off  wildly  over  the  adjacent  haugh,  Deeside  Tales  (1872) 
77.  Kcd.  The  Feugh  cam'  rairin'  doon  fae  Birse,  An'  swept  the 
haughs  o'  Stra'an,  GRANT  Lays  (1884)  a.  Frf.  The  village  com- 
monage .  .  .  running  down  on  one  side  to  the  haughs  bordering 
the  North  Esk,  INGLIS  Ain  Flk.  (1895)  68.  Per.  It  wes  the  haugh 
field  of  aits,  IAN  MACLAREN  K.  Carnegie  (1896)  19.  Slg.  QAM.) 
Rnf.  In  flow'ry  dells,  and  haughs,  and  glades,  Where  streamlets 
rin,  McGiLVRAY  Poems  (ed.  1862)  151.  Ayr.  Let  husky  wheat 
tht  haughs  adorn,  BURNS  Sr.  Drink  (1786)  st.  3.  Lnk.  Howes, 

an'  haughs,  an'  laigh  lyin'  leas  Were  a'  like  lochs,  or  ragin'  seas, 
THOMSON  Musings  (1881)  55.  e.Lth.  Auld  clover  riggs!  thy  cleuchs 
and  craigs,  Green  haughs  an'  winding  river,  MUCKLEBACKIT  Rhymes 
(1885)  13.  Edb.  Thou's  aften  dander'd  wi'  the  musie  Down  burnie's 
haughs,  LIDDLE  Poems  (1821)  135.  Feb.  Ilk  to  the  green  haugh 
hies,  Lintoun  Green  (1685)  21,  ed.  1817.  Slk.  And  rounde  onne 
Ettrickis  baittle  haughis,  HOGG  Poems  (ed.  1865^1  84.  Rxb.  The 
bairns  was  laughin'  an'  scratchin'  among  the  saughs  doun  i'  the 
haugh,  ELLIS  Pronunc.  (1889)  V.  714.  Dmf.  Her  glance  she  cast 
Ower  holm  an'  haugh,  THOM  Jock  o'  Knowe  (1878)  13.  Gall.  By 
Skeldon  haughs,  CROCKETT  Grey  Man  (1896)  93.  n.Cy.  Border  Gl. 
(Coll.  L.L.B.)  ;  A  green  plot  in  a  valley  (K.)  ;  N.Cy.1  Nhb.  Oer 
the  gay  daisied  haughs  will  I  roam,  RICHARDSON  Borderer's  Table- 
bk.  (1846)  VII.  78  ;  Low-lying  spreads  of  loam,  sand,  or  gravel 
which  form  the  lowest  ground  of  the  river  valleys  which  are  still 
flooded  from  time  to  time,  or  which,  although  they  may  have  for 
years  kept  above  water,  may  yet  conceivably  still  be  flooded  in 
unusual  seasons.  Such  are  most  of  the  haughs  of  Northumberland, 
LEBOUR  Geol.  Nhb.  and  Dur.  (ed.  1886)  9;  Nhb.1,  Dur.  (K.)  s.Dur. 
The  Haughs  at  Egglestone  is  a  pasture,  very  smooth  and  flat, 
the  river  Tees  flowing  on  one  side  (J.E.D.).  Cum.1  Wm. 
Cuckoos  love  to  change  to  mare  sunny  hawghs,  HUTTON  Bran 
New  Work  (1785)  1.  42.  n.Yks.  ATKINSON  Whitby  (1894)  80; 
n.Yks.3  Lan.  ./V.  &  Q.  (1870)  4th  S.  v.  570.  ne.Lan.1 

2.  Comp.  (i)  Ha'-bink,  the  bank  of  a '  haugh'  overhanging 
a  stream ;  (2)  Haugh-grund,  (3)  -land,  low-lying  ground 
by  the  side  of  a  stream  or  river. 

(i)  Sc.  Ha'  binks  are  sliddery,  RAMSAY  Prov.  (1737).  (2)  Lnk. 
The  haugh-ground  is  gen.  ploughed  3,  and  sometimes  4  years,  for 
oats,  and  then  allowed  to  lie  as  long  in  natural  grass,  Statist.  Ace. 
XII.  34  (JAM.).  e.Lth.  As  guid  a  bit  o'  haugh-grund  for  crappin 
as  there  was  in  the  pairish,  HUNTER  J.  Inwick  (1895")  161.  (3) 
Fif.  The  corn-craik  scraiched  among  the  '  skellochs '  in  the  haugh- 
land,  COLVILLE  Vernacular  (1899)  13.  Rxb.  His  haid  fields  o' 
haughland  corn  On  flood-red  tumbling  waves  are  borne,  A.  SCOTT 
Poems  (1811)  19  (JAM.). 

[1.  Amid  the  hawchis,  and  euery  lusty  vaill,  DOUGLAS 
Eneados  (1513),  ed.  1874,  iv.  168  ;  The  hawch  (v.r.  halche) 
of  lyntoun-le,  BARBOVR  Bruce  (1375)  xvi. 336.  OE.healh,in 
the  place-name  '  on  Streams  heale  '  (Chron.  an.  680).] 

HAUGH,  see  Haw,  int.1,  Hawk,  v.\  Hough,  sb.\ 
How,  sb.1 

HAUGHENDOLE,  sb.  Obs.  or  obsol.  Lan.  Also  in 
forms  aghendole  Lan.  e.Lan.1 ;  haughendo  Lan.1 ; 
nackendole  Lan. ;  nackleton,  naghendal,  naghendole, 
naghleton  e.Lan.1  A  half  part  or  half  measure  ;  a  meal- 
measure  of  8  or  8|  Ib. ;  the  quantity  of  meal  usually  taken 
for  kneading  at  one  time. 

Trans.  Phil.  Soc.  (1858)  164;  There  seems  to  have  been  some 
uncertainty  about  the  use  of  this  word,  but  properly  it  means  a 
dole  of  eight  pounds  (J.D.);  Lan.1  e.Lan.  lohn  Device  .  .  .  did 
covenant  with  thesaid  Anne  [Chattox]  that  if  she  would  hurt  neither 
of  them,  she  should  yearely  have  one  aghendole  of  meale,  POTTS 
Dt'scoverie  of  Witches  (1613)  sign.  £4;  Still  in  use  in  Little  Har- 
wood,  in  the  district  of  Pendle,  Chet.  Soc.  (1845)  VI.  note;  Still 
used  about  Padiham,  and  denotes  a  batch  (sufficient  for  one  baking") 
of  meal  for  oatcakes  (S.W.) ;  Now  almost  obs.  in  those  parts  of 
Lan.  where  it  was  formerly  known,  N.  EJ*  Q.  (1852)  ist  S.  vi.  9  ; 
e.Lan.1  The  quantity  supposed  to  have  been  doled  out  weekly  by 
the  Saxon  employer  to  each  of  his  manservants. 

[The  same  as  ME.  eyjtyndele,  mesure,  'satum'  (Prompt.).] 
HAUGHLE,  see  Hauchle. 

HAUGHTY,  adj.  Obs.  eAn.  In  phr.  haughty  weather, 
windy  weather. 

e.An.1   Nrf.  GROSE  (1790).   e.Nrf.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1787). 
HAUGO,  see  Hogo. 

HAUGULL,  sb.  ?  Obs.  Sc.  (JAM.)  A  cold  damp  wind 
blowing  from  the  sea  during  summer.  ne.Sc. 

Hence  Haugullin',  adj.  of  the  weather:  drizzling,  cold 
and  damp.  Fif. 

[Norw.  dial,  havgula  and  havgul,  a  wind  blowing  from 
the  sea,  esp.  the  wind  which  blows  into  the  fjords  in  the 
afternoon  in  warm  weather  ;  hav,  the  sea  +gul  (alsogula), 
a  steady  wind,  ON.  haf+gol  (Icel.  gola),  a  breeze  (AASEN).] 
HAUK,  HAUKA,  see  Hack,  sb.1,  Hawk,  v.1,  Howk,  v.1, 

HAUKUM-PLAUKUM,  adj.  Bwk.  (JAM.)  [Not  known 
to  our  correspondents.]  Equal  in  every  way. 

M  a 




HAUK-WALK,  s*.  Obs.  Lan.  A  path  across  Chat 

In  the  course  of  an  important  trial  at  the  Liverpool  Assizes  some 
forty  years  ago,  involving  the  ownership  of  a  portion  of  the  well- 
known  Chat  Moss,  mention  was  made  of  certain  roadsorpaths  across 
the  Moss  which  bore  the  name  of  Hauk- walks,  N.  V  Q.  (1878) 
5th  S.  x.  118. 

HAUL,  v.»  and  s*.1  Sc.  Nhb.  Lin.  Wor.  Shr.  Hrf. 
Glo.  Sus.  Dor.  Som.  Dev.  Also  written  hall  Nhb.  [h)?!.] 

1.  v.   To  draw  a  vehicle ;    to  tow,  to  tug  a  vessel  up 
stream.    Cf.  hale,  v.2 

Shr.2  Confined  to  the  river  side  and  chiefly  applied  to  men  or 
horses  drawing  small  or  large  craft  on  the  Severn  against  the 
stream  (s.v.  Hale).  Glo.2  Dor.  He  drove  his  ekkipage  hisself, 
and  it  was  always  hauled  by  four  beautiful  white  horses,  HARDY 
Laodicean  (ed.  1896)  bk.  i.  v.  Som.  They  hauled  the  waggon  home 
beside  the  rick,  RAYMOND  Tryphena  (1895)  14. 

Hence  (i)  Hauling-horse,  sb.  a  horse  used  for  towing  ; 
(2)  -path,  sb.  a  tow-path. 

(i)  n.Lin.1  (a)  ib.  The  occupiers  of  land  .  .  .  where  there  is  no 
hauling-path  are  authorized  to  discharge  all  persons  trespassing 
thereon,  Ancholme  Navigation  Notice  (Oct.  6,  1874). 

2.  Phr.  to  haul  upon  the  right  tow,  to  say  the  right  thing. 
Sh.I.  Dooaye  hauls  ipoda  richt  tow,  BURGESS  Sketches  landed.)  76. 

3.  Comp.  Haul-to,  a  three-pronged  dung-rake.    w.Dev. 
MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1796). 

4.  To  carry  on  the  trade  of  a  carrier,  to  cart,  carry.    Cf. 
hale,  v.2  2. 

Nhb.  A  sledge  of  wood,  hailed  all  along  the  barrow-way  to  the 
pit  shaft,  J.C.  Compleat  Collier  (1708)  36.  se.Wor.1  (s.v.  Haulier). 
Shr.1  1805,  Dec.  7th,  hawling  load  coals  to  the  workhouse,  i-o-o, 
Par.Acc.^MuchWenlock.  Hrf.1  Glo.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1789); 
Gl.  (1851) ;  Glo.1  Som.  I'll  be  glad  to  haul  for  you  if  you've  got 
any  goods  lying  at  the  station  (W.F.R.). 

6.  To  throw.        e.Sns.  Haul  up  that  stick,  HOLLOWAY. 

6.  sb.    A  large  quantity  or  amount. 

Bnff.1  Thir  uncle's  dead,  an'  left  thim  a  haul  o'  siller.  The  coo 
jist  gees  hauls  o'  milk.  Cld.  (JAM.)  Gall.  Never  had  any  great 
haul  of  sense,  CROCKETT  Grey  Man  (1896)  2. 

HAUL,  sb.2  Yks.  [oal.]  A  small  inlet  or  recess  into 
which  boats  from  the  beach  are  drawn  up  for  safety. 

n.Yks.2  We  put  her  into  a  bit  of  a  haul. 

HAUL,  v?    Ken.     [§!.]    To  shout.     (G.B.),  Ken.1 

[EFris.  hallen,  '  hallen,  schallen,  tonen  '  (KOOLMAN)  ;  so 

HAUL,  see  Hall,  sb.2,  Hold,  v.,  Hole,  sb.1 

HAULD,  HAULGH,  see  Hold,  v.,  Haugh. 

HAULIER,  sb.  Wor.  Shr.  Hrf.  Glo.  Oxf.  Dor.  Som. 
Also  in  forms  allier  s.Wor.1 ;  jiallier  s.Wor.1  Hrf.1  Glo. ; 
hallyer  se.Wor.1  [p-lia(r),  p-ljsfr).]  A  person  whose 
business  is  to  do  '  hauling,'  with  horse  and  cart  for  hire  ; 
a  carrier,  carter.  Cf.  haul,  v:1  4. 

Wor.  (J.W.)  s.Wor.  (H.K.) ;  s.Wor.1  One  who  draws  coal, 
timber,  bricks,  &c.  se.Wor.1  Shr.1  I've  bin  to  Philips  the'aulier 
to  axe  'im  w'en  'e  can  fatch  me  a  looad  o'  coal  from  the  Cut- 
w'arf.  Hrf.1  Glo.  MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1789) ;  BAYLIS  Illus. 
Dial.  (1870) ;  Glo.1,  Oxf.  (G.O.)  Dor.  Dewy  and  Son,  tranters  and 
hauliers. . .  Furniture,  coals,  potatoes,  live  and  dead  stock,  removed 
to  any  distance  on  the  shortest  notice,  HARDY  Greenwd.  Tree 
(1872)  pt.  iv.  vii.  w-Som.1 

HAULIN,  see  Hawlin. 

HAULING,  vbl.  sb.  Sc.  A  method  of  fishing  by  means 
of  a  pock-net ;  see  below. 

Dmf.  A  second  mode  of  fishing,  called  haaving  or  hauling,  is 
standing  in  the  stream,  either  at  the  flowing  or  ebbing  of  the  tide, 
with  a  pock-net  fixed  to  a  kind  of  frame  consisting  of  a  beam 
13  or  14  ft.  long,  having  three  small  sticks  or  rungs  fixed  into  it. 
Whenever  a  fish  strikes  against  the  net  they,  by  means  of  the 
middle  rung,  instantly  haul  up  the  mouth  of  the  net  above  water, 
Statist.  Ace.  II.  16  UAM.,  s.v.  Haave). 

HAULING-HOME,  sb.  Irel.  The  bringing  home  of 
thebnde.the  weddingday;  a\5oca\\&Atheltauling-homeday. 

Ir.  On  the  marriage  the  father  of  the  bride  gives  a  feast,  after 
which  the  husband  stops  with  her  a  few  days  ;  then  he  returns 
home,  and  on  the  seventh  day  comes  with  his  friends  to  haul  her 
home,  when  he  gives  a  feast.  In  some  places,  however,  the 
hauling  home  takes  place  on  the  marriage  day,  Flit-Lore  Rec. 
(1881)  IV.  no.  Wxt  Such  a  well-looking  young  girl  as  Miss 

Mary  there,  that .  .  .  could  bring  about  seventy  or  eighty  pounds 
with  her  on  the  day  of  the  Hauling  Home,  KENNEDY  Banks  Boro 
(1867)  158  ;  To  provide  a  good  chest  of  linen  for  the  hauling  home 
day,  ib.  Evenings  Duffrey  ( 1 869)  304. 

HAULKET,  see  Hawkit. 

HAULLY,  sb.     Obs.    Sc.    A '  hauling,'  rough  handling. 

Edb.  They  ae  puir  fuddl'd  chiel  did  hook,  An'  gied  him  a  rough 
haully  To  the  guard  that  morn,  New  Year's  Morning  (1793)  is. 

HAULM,  sb.  and  v.  Var.  dial,  uses  in  Sc.  Irel.  Yks.  Midi. 
e.,  s.  and  w.  counties.  Also  written  hawlm  Lin.1  s.Cy. ; 
and  in  forms  arm  e.Hmp. ;  aum  Lei.1 ;  awm  Nrf. ;  elam. 
ellamHmp.;  ellum  Brks.1;  elm  Hmp.1  Wil.1;  haam  Oxf.1 
Brks.1  I.W.1  Wil.1 ;  hahm  Suf.1 ;  halm  Nhp.2  War.4  Wor. 
Hrf.1  Bdf.  Nrf.  Ken.1  Hmp.1 ;  ham  War.2  Glo.1  I.W.  Wil.1; 
hame  Ken.1  Dor.1;  harm  Nrf.  Suf.;  haulin  Stf.1  Not; 
haum  n.Lin.1  Hrf.  Sus.2;  hawhm  Suf.1;  hawme  e.Yks. ; 
hellam  w.Yks.  ;  helium  w.Som.1  Dev. ;  helm  w.  Yks.  Glo.1 
Hrt.  Ken.12  s.Cy.  Hmp.1  Wil.1  Som.;  norm  Bdf. ;  ullum 
w.Som.1 ;  yalmGlo.1;  yelben  Nhp.1;  yelhamHrt;  yellum 
Suf.  Ess.  Sus.;  yelm  Nhp.12  Lei.1  Oxf.1  Brks.1  Bdf.  Hrt. 
e.An.1  Suf.  Sus.  Wil.1 ;  yelven  Nhp.1 ;  yolm  Glo.1 ;  yullum 
Suf.  [901,  am,  elm,  jelm.]  1.  sb.  Straw,  stubble;  the 
dried  stalks  of  peas,  beans,  &c. 

Sc.  fA.W.)  w.Yks.  LUCAS  Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882)  258.  Stf.1 
Lin.1  Peas-straw.  n.Lin.1  The  straw  of  beans,  peas,  tares.  Nhp.1 
Wheat  stubble  for  thatching ;  the  gathering  of  which,  after  the 
harvest,  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Northampton,  is  called  'peeking 
thehaultn';  in  other  parts  of  the  county,  the  same  operation  is  called 
'  bagging  the  haulm  ' ;  Nhp.2  War.2  ;  War.*  Wha'at  be  yer  a 
putting  that  halm  on  the  roof  for  ?  It's  full  of  mullock.  Shr.1 
Hrf.  COOPER  Gl.  (1853).  Glo.  (A.B.) ;  GROSE  (1790; ;  Glo.2  Oxf.1 
Applied  to  the  straw  of  white  crops  only.  Brks.1  Bdf.  (J.W.B.); 
Cutting  of  the  haulm,  or  wheat  stubble,  costs  about  is.  6d.  per  acre, 
BATCHELOR  Agric.  (1813)  108.  Hrt.  The  straw,  helm,  &c.  with 
which  the  cattle  are  littered,  MARSHALL  Review  (1817)  V.  14. 
Hnt.  (T.P.F.),  Nrf.  (A.G.)  Suf.  RAINBIRD  Agric.  (1819)  296,  ed. 
1849  I  Suf.1  The  stubble  of  wheat.  It  is  raked  together  in  heaps 
by  women  generally  at  i6d.  or  i8d.  an  acre.  If  done  before  it  be 
a  little  frosted  it  is  man's  work  with  a  scythe.  s.Cy.  RAY  (1691)  ; 
GROSE  ^1790").  Ken.  (G.B.),Ken.12  Sur.1  The  straw  of  peas,  tares, 
beans,  potatoes,  but  never  used  of  white  crops  in  this  district ; 
Sus.12,  I.W.1  Wil.  BRITTON  Beauties  (1825).  Dev.13 

Hence  (i)  Haulm-rick,  sb.  a  rick  consisting  of  the  stubble 
or  straw  of  vetches,  peas,  beans,  £c. ;  (2)  -wall,  sb.  a  wall 
made  of  haulm  or  stubble. 

(i)  Brks.1  The  '  Haam'  rick  in  the  Vale  of  Brks.  is  of  bean  or 
wheat  straw,  and  there  they  do  not  usually  speak  of  a  '  vetch  haam 
rick'  as  in  the  hill  part  of  the  county.  (2)  Ess.  And  hid  them  in 
the  ditches  or  the  haulm  walls,  HEYGATE  Poems  (1870)  187. 

2.  A  stubble-stack.    War.4,  s.War.1 

3.  Straw  made  ready  for  thatching ;  bundles  or  handfuls 
of  straw  prepared  and  laid  ready  for  the  thatcher. 

Nhp.  A'.  &  Q.  (1880)  6th  S.  i.  330  ;  Nhp.12  Lei.1  As  much  corn 
in  the  straw  as  can  be  embraced  in  both  arms.  Brks.1  Bdf. 
fJ.W.B.)  ;  BATCHELOR  ^Ha/.  Eng.  Lang.  (1809)  147.  Hrt.  (H.G.); 
F.LLIS  Cy.  Hswf.  (1750)  231.  e.An.1  Suf.  (C.T.)  ;  RAINBIRD 
Agric.  (1819)  302,  ed.  1849.  Ess-  (H.M.M.)  s.Cy.  A  straw  of 
wheat  or  rye  unbruised,  bound  in  bundles  for  matching,  RAY 
(1691).  Sus.  A  narrow  flat  bundle  of  thatch  drawn  for  fixing  to 
a  roof(F.E.);(F.A.A.)  Hmp.  (H.E.);  A  handful  of  thatch.  Three 
clams  make  a  bundle,  20  bundles  i  score,  4  scores  i  ton,  WISE 
New  Forest  (1883)  282;  Hmp.1  w.Cy.  The  best  unbroken  straw 
for  thatching,  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric.  (i863\  WH.  He  is  attended 
by  a  man  to  carry  up  the  '  yelms,"  JEFFERIES  Wild  Life  (1879)  124; 
Wil.1  n.Wil.  Long  straws  selected  for  thatching  (W.C.P.).  Som. 
Straw  prepared  for  thatching  by  having  the  ears  cut  off  (W.F.R.)  ; 
(F.A.A.) ;  JENNINGS  Obs.  Dial.  w.Eng.  (1825). 

Hence  (i)  Helm-sheaf,  sb.  a  sheaf  of  straw  ready  for 
use  in  thatching ;  (a)  Yelm-  or  Elm-stock,  sb.  a  forked 
stick  used  for  carrying  straw  for  thatching. 

(i)  Som.  Properly  a  helm-sheaf  is  the  length  of  the  strand,  5^  ft. 
round  (W.F.R.).  (a)  Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892) ;  WU.1 

4.  The  stalk  of  certain  cultivated  plants,  esp.  of  potatoes, 
peas,  or  beans;  the  green,  unripened  stalks  of  cereals. 

Sc.  (A.W.)  Ir.  But  we  swore  it  was  merely  a  heap  of  haulms 
rottin',  BARLOW  Bogland(iSga')  20,  ed.  1893 ;  [Of  potatoes]  Ne'er  a 
big  crop  you'll  get  under  that  heigth  of  haulms,  ib.  Lisconnel  (1895) 
104.  w.Yk».  All  around  me  the  young  growths  were  showing 




purple  haulms  or  green  leaf,  SNOWDEN  Web  of  Weaver  (1896)  xiii; 
The  ries  [sticks]  for  peas,  &c.  (J.T.)  s.Chs.1  Not  used  of  the 
stalk  of  any  kind  of  corn.  Not.1  n.Lin.  An'  lets  him  hev  .  .  . 
taatie-haums,  PEACOCK  Tales  and  Rhymes  (1886)  69.  n.Lin.1  The 
stalks  of  rape  and  turnips.  The  stalk  of  flax  and  hemp.  Lei.1, 
War.23,  Wor.  (W.C.B.),  Shr.1  Hrf.1  That  part  of  the  vegetable 
above  the  ground.  Rdn.  MORGAN  Wds.  (1881).  .  Glo.  Beans  .  .  . 
are  very  short  in  the  haulm,  Evesham  Jrn.  (July  18,  1896) ;  Used 
chiefly  of  potatoes  (J.A.B.)  ;  Glo.1  '  Tater  hams,'  '  peas'  hams,' 
&c.  Bdf.  (J.W.B.)  Nrf.  The  disease  begin  to  show  itself  among 
them  taturs,  Sir;  hadn't  we  better  cut  the  harms  off?  (W.R.E.) 
Suf.  RAINBIRD  Agric.  (1819)  294,  ed.  1849;  Suf.1  The  risps  of 
potatoes  and  of  pease  ...  as  well  as  the  remnant  of  beans,  when 
they  have  been  cut  by  the  sickle.  Ken.1,  ne.Ken.  (H.  M.),  Hmp.1 
e.Hmp.  They  be  ready  for  diggin'  now  their  arms  be  died  off 
(W.M.E.F.).  I.W.  (J.D.R.)  Wil.  SLOW  Gl.  (1892) ;  Wil.1,  Dor.1 
Som.  W.  &  J.  Gl.  (1873).  w.Soni.1  Not  used  to  denote  straw  of 
any  kind.  A  coarse  kind  of  stalk  is  implied :  if  clover  has  been 
left  to  ripen  its  seed,  the  stalk  becomes  rank,  and  after  the  seed 
has  been  thrashed  out,  the  residuum  is  always  '  clover  helium.' 
Dev.  Us  'ad  best  ways  burn  up  awl  tha  heliums  and  rubbage  that's 
lying  about,  HEWETT  Peas.  Sf>.  (1892). 

5.  The  husk  of  corn  or  of  peas,  beans,  &c.,  chaff;  the 
beard  of  barley. 

Not.  (J.H.B.),  Lin.1,  n.Lin.1  Nrf.  Trans.  Phil.  Soc.  (1855)  32. 
Suf.  (W.W.S.) 

6.  The  fruit  of  the  hawthorn,  Crataegus  Oxyacantha,  esp. 
in  phr.  haulms  and  figs,  hips  and  haws.     Ken.1 

7.  v.   To  cut  off  the  ears  of  wheat  previous  to  threshing; 
to  prepare  straw  for  thatching  and  lay  it  in  bundles  ready 
for  the  thatcher. 

Glo.  To  cut  the  ears  from  the  stems  of  wheat,  previous  to 
thrashing,  MARSHALL  Rur.  Earn.  (1789);  BAYLIS  Illus.  Dial. 
(1870) ;  Glo.1  To  comb  off  the  flag,  and  then  to  cut  off  the  ears. 
Oxf.1  Women  sometimes  yelm,  but  they  do  not  thatch.  Brks.1 
Bdf.  This  operation  consists  in  throwing  water  over  the  straw  and 
drawing  it  forcibly  under  one's  foot  (J.W.B.).  e.An.To  lay  straw  in 
convenient  quantities  to  be  used  by  the  thatcher,or  forthe  chaff-cutter, 
MORTON  Cydo.  Agric.  ( 1863)  ;  e.An.1  Suf.  RAINBIRD  Agric.  CiSig) 
302,  ed.  1814.  Ess.  The  wheat  stubbles  are  haulmed  immediately 
after  harvest,  MARSHALL  Review  (1811)  I.  481.  Hmp.1  Wil.  Two 
or  three  women  are  busy  'yelming,'  i.e.  separating  the  straw, 
selecting  the  longest  and  laying  it  level  and  parallel,  damping  it 
with  water,  and  preparing  it  for  the  yokes,  JEFFERIES  Wild  Life 
(1879)  vi  ;  Wil.1,  Som.  (W.F.R.N, 

Hence  (i)  Haulming,  vbl.  sb.  the  process  of  preparing 
straw  for  thatching ;  (a)  Yelbener,  sb.  one  who  prepares 
straw  for  the  thatcher. 

(i)  Bdf.  Which,  added  to  the  cutting,  makes  the  whole  expense 
of  haulming2s.  30!.  per  acre,  BATCHELOR  Agric.  (1813)  108.  n.Wil. 
(W.C.P.)  (2)  Nhp.1 

8.  To  pull  up  stubble. 

e.Yks.  Wee  have  beene  forced  to  hawme  wheat  and  rye  stubble 
and  therewith  to  thatch  our  stacks,  BEST  Rur.  Econ.  (1642)  60. 

9.  To  reap  peas  or  beans  with  a  hook.    s.Not.  (J.P.K.) 
[1.  Halm  or  stobyl,  stipula,  Prompt.    ON.  halmr,  straw 

(VIGFUSSON).  4.  OE.  healm,  stem  of  grass,  stalk  of  a  plant 

HAULM,  see  Hawm,  sb. 

HAULY-CAULY,  sb.  Mid.  Slang.  Also  in  forms 
auly-cauly,  auly-crauly  w.Mid. ;  hawley-auley  Slang. 
The  name  of  a  game  at  ball ;  see  below. 

w.Mid.  One  player  throws  the  ball  upon  the  sloping  roof  of  a 
building,  at  the  same  time  calling  out,  '  Hauly-cauly  (boy's  name).' 
If  the  boy  named  can  catch  the  ball  before  it  touches  the  ground 
he  throws  it  up  again  and  calls  upon  someone  else  to  do  likewise; 
but  if  not,  he  picks  it  up  and  throws  it  at  one  of  the  others,  who 
scatter  to  avoid  being  hit.  Any  boy  he  may  hit  has  to  pay  a 
penalty,  which  he  incurs  himself  if  he  misses.  At  the  end  of  the 
game  those  who  have  incurred  penalties  must  place  one  of  their 
hands  against  the  wall  and  allow  one  of  the  others  to  throw  at  it 
once  for  each  penalty  they  have  incurred.  Formerly  very  popular 
in  this  neighbourhood  (W.P.M.).  Slang.  A  game  played  in 
Commoners  [Winchester  College].  It  was  played  with  a  red 
india-rubber  ball.  As  far  as  I  know  the  game  consisted  in  the  boy 
who  got  possession  of  the  ball  selecting  another  boy  whom  he 
tried  to  hit  with  it,  the  object  of  the  latter  being  either  to  escape 
the  ball  when  thrown  at  him,  or  to  catch  it,  SHADWELL  Wyke- 
hamical  Slang  (1859-1864). 

HAUM,  see  Hame,  sb.1,  Haulm. 

sb.1,  Hamble,  Hamshoch. 

HAUNCH,?;.1    Lin.    To  fondle,  pet.    (HALL.) 

HAUNCH,  v.2    Lakel.2    To  throw.     See  Hainch,  v.  4. 

HAUNCH,  see  Hanch,  v. 

HAUNGE,  v.  Lin.  To  hover  about  waiting  to  seize 
anything  that  turns  up.  Cf.  hanch,  v. 

m.Lin.  That  greedy  hulks  of  a  feller  was  haunging  about  at  the 
club  feast  waatin'  for  owt  he  could  laa'  hands  on  (T.H.R.). 

HAUNGE,  HAUNIE,  see  Hunch,  sb.1,  Handy,  sb.1 

HAUNT,  v.  and  sb.  Sc.  Nhb.  Dur.  Cum.  Yks.  Chs.  Der. 
Not.  Hmp.  Som.  Also  in  form  hant  Sc.  (JAM.  Suppl.) 
N.Cy.1  Nhb.1  e.Dur.1  Cum.  n.Yks.4  e.Yks.  [h)9nt,  h)ant, 
h)ant]  1.  v.  To  accustom,  habituate  ;  used  re/I.,  or  in 
pass,  to  become  accustomed  to. 

Nhb.  We  let  her  oot  ower  suin;  afore  she'd  getten  hanted 
(R.O. H.)  ;  Aa  wasn't  reel  hanted  wid,  an  hadn't  getten  the  way, 
HALDANE  His  Other  Eye  (1880)  3;  Nhb.1  Cum.4  'To  be  haunted 
to  a  place,"  said  principally  in  reference  to  cattle.  n.Yks.1 2 
ne.Yks.1  Ah  s'all  nivver  git  hanted  ti  t'job.  e.Yks.1  He'll  seean  get 
maisther  o'  deeahin  on't,  if  he'll  hant  his-sen  tiv  it,  MS.  add. 
(T.H.I  m.Yks.1 

2.  To  practise.          Sc.  FRANCISQUE-MICHEL  Lang.  (1882)  366. 

3.  To  frequent,  resort  to ;   to  visit  frequently,  to  pester 
with  one's  company. 

s.Sc.  The  blaeberry  bank  where  we  haunted  langsyne,  WATSON 
Bards  (1859)  7.  Lnk.  They  observed  the  bulk  of  them  so  immoral 
and  profane,  that  they  were  ashamed  to  haunt  their  company, 
WODROW  Ch.  Hist.  (1721)  I.  335,  ed.  1828.  Rxb.  Canty  we  might 
be,  Did  nae  she  haunt  me  like  a  de'il  About  my  dear  rappee, 
WiLSON/V»*s;i824)2o.  hantit  o'roundaboutScallowbeck 
steann,  DICKINSON  Scallow  Beck  (1866)  1.  8.  n.Yks.2  He  haunts 
t'yal-house  ;  n.Yks.4  He's  awlus  sumwheear  nigh  at  hand,  All's 
fairly  hanted  wi'  t'lad.  s.Chs.1  A  person  is  haunted  with  a  subject 
when  he  has  it  continually  brought  before  his  notice.  nw.Der.1 
Said  of  an  ailment  or  disease,  which  attacks  any  one  periodically. 
s.Not.  'E  uster  to  reglar  haunt  me;  ah  hed  to  fall  out  wee  'im 

Hence  Hauntskip,  sb.  a  place  of  resort. 

Abd.  The  evil  spirit  took  up  a  hauntskip  in  the  folk's  peat  neuk, 
MILNE  Sags.  (1871)  89. 

4.  To  cause  animals  to  resort  to  a  certain  spot. 

Hmp.1  To  haunt  pigs  or  cattle  in  the  New  Forest,  is  to  accustom 
them  to  repair  to  a  certain  spot,  by  throwing  down  beans  or  fodder 
there  when  they  are  first  turned  out. 

5.  To  provide  a  haunt  for. 

Ayr.  For  haunting  drucken  groups,  On  Sabbath  days,  FISHER 
Poems  (1790)  66. 

6.  sb.   A  custom,  practice,  habit. 

Sc.  Ye'll  ne'er  turn  an  auld  cat  fra  ill  hants  QAM.  Sup/>l.\  N.Cy.1 
'  At  your  aud  hants,'  at  your  old  habits.  Nhb.  Aa'd  getten  canny 
inte  the  hant  o'  weerin'  me  new  blinker,  HALDANE  His  Other  Eye 
(1880)  6 ;  Nhb.1  e.Dur.1  He  has  a  nasty  hant  of  doing  that. 
n.Yks.12,  ne.Yks.1  e.Yks.  He's  getten  a  hant  o'  scrattin'  his  heead 
when  he's  talkin'  ti  yan,  Leeds  Merc.  Suppl.  (Nov.  4,  1893)  ;  Os 
az  gotten  a  hant  o  she-in  [The  horse  has  got  a  trick  of  shying] 
(Miss  A.).  m.Yks.1  s.Chs.1  Ahy)shl  aav  warn  urn  of  ekspek'tin 
thing-z  brau-t  urn  frum  maa-rkit,  els  dhi)n  gy'et  u  au-nt  on  it  [I 
shall  have  wane 'em  off  expectin'  things  brought  'em  from  market, 
else  they'n  get  a  haunt  on  it].  Som.  They  have  such  a  haunt  of 
mooching  (W.F.R.). 

7.  Obs.   Phr.  to  get  haunt  of,  to  go  among. 

e.Yks.  They  shoulde  not  gette  haunt  of  the  wheate  and  rye, 
BEST  Rur.  Econ.  (1641)  72. 

HAUNTY,  adj.  Sc.  n.Cy.  Nhb.  Stf.  Nhp.  War.  Wor. 
Glo.  Also  in  form  hanty  N.Cy.12  Nhb.1  Wanton,  unruly! 
full  of  spirit,  mettlesome ;  excited,  frisky,  gen.  used  of  horses. 

n.Cy.  BAILEY  (1721);  GROSE  (1790);  N.Cy.1 ;  N.Cy.2  Spoken 
of  a  horse  or  the  like  when  provender  pricks  him.  Nhb.1  Stf. 
NORTHALL  Flk-Phr.  (1894).  s.Stf.  I  should  think  yo'm  haunty, 
olliprancin'  about  like  that,  PINNOCK  Blk.  Cy.  Ann.  (1895).  Nhp.1 
Playful,  without  being  vicious ;  applied  almost  exclusively  to  cows. 
War.  B'hant  Wkly.  Post  (June  10,  1893)  ;  War.1  As  applied  to  a 
horse,  it  conveys  the  idea  of  his  being  so  from  overfeeding  and 
too  much  rest.  Not  synonymous  with  restive  ;  War.28  Wor., 
Glo.  NORTHALL  Flk-Phr.  (1894). 

HAUNTY,  see  Hanty. 




HAUP,  v.    Obs.    Sc.    To  limp. 

He  cam  hauping  on  ae  foot,  KINLOCH  Ballads  (1837)  19. 

HAUP,  HAUPS,  HAUR,  see  Hap,  v.23,  Hawps,  Haar, 
sb.1',  Har(r. 

HAURK,  v.  Sc.  In  imp.  used  by  huntsmen  as  an 
encouragement  to  the  foxhounds ;  see  below. 

Gall.  A  term  much  used  by  Sc.  fox-hunters  when  the  hounds 
find  the  scent  of  Reynard  in  one  of  his  keeps,  or  challenge  him. 
The  hunter  .  .  .  bawls  down  to  '  Haurk  to  him,  haurk  to  him,  ye 
wee  blasties ' ;  so  in  defiance  of  the  tusks  of  the  fox  they  seize  on 
and  drag  out  the  crafty  villain,  MACTAGGART  Encycl.  (1834). 

HAURL,  HAURN,  see  Harl(e,  v.,  Harden,  v. 

HAURRAGE,  sb.  Sc.  A  blackguard  crew  of  people. 
Cf.  harriage. 

Sc.  FRANCISQUE-MICHEL  Lang.  (1882)  179.  Gall.  MACTAGGART 
Encycl.  (1834). 

HAUSE,  HAUSLET,  see  Halse.s&SHawse, v.1,  Haslet. 

HAUSS-SPANG,  sb.    Or.I.    An  iron  rod  of  a  plough. 

[It]  surrounds  the  beam  and  handle  of  the  Orcadian  plough  at 
the  place  where  the  one  is  morticed  into  the  other  (JAM.) ;  S.  fc  Ork.1 

HAUST,  see  Hoast,  sb.1 

HAUT,  v.1  and  sb.    Sc.      1.  v.   To  limp  ;  to  hop.    Cld., 

Slk.  (JAM.) 

Hence  Hauter,  sb.  one  who  can  hop.    Cld.  (ib.) 

2.  sb.   The  act  of  limping,  a  hop.    Cld.  (ib.) 

3.  Phr.  (i)  haut,  stap,  an'  loup,  a  hop,  skip,  and  a  jump ; 
(2)  —  stride  and  loup,  a  very  short  distance,  a  '  step.' 

(i)  ib.  (a)  Slk.  It's  nae  gate  ava  to  Gorranberry,  a  mere  haut- 
stride  and  loup,  HOGG  Tales  (1838)  619,  ed.  1866. 

HAUT,  v?  Obs.  Sc.  To  gather  with  the  fingers,  as 
one  collects  stones  with  a  garden-rake  ;  in  phr.  to  haut  the 
kirn,  to  take  off  all  the  butter. 

Slk.  He  steal't  the  key,  and  hautit  the  kirn,  HOGG  Jacobite  Relics 
(ed.  1874)  I.  96;  (JAM.) 
HAUT,  see  Holt,  sb.1,  Hot(t. 
HAUTER,  HAUV(E,  see  Halter,  Half,  Halve. 
HAUVE,  s6.    Stf.  Hrf.  Rdn.     [9V.]    The  haft  or  handle 
of  an  axe  or  pick. 

n.Stf.  (J.T.),  Hrf.1  Rdn.  MORGAN  Wds.  (1881). 
HAUVE,  v.1  Yks.  Der.  Not.  Lin.  Also  written  hawve 
Lin.1 ;  and  in  forms  aauve,  arv(e  Yks. ;  auve  w.Yks.2 
s.Not.  Lin. ;  awve  sw.Lin.1 ;  haave  n.Yks. ;  half  Yks. ; 
harv  n.Yks.14  ne.Yks.1 ;  harve  n.Yks.2;  hoave  e.Yks.1 ; 
horve  nw.Der.1  Not.3  ;  howve  Der.1 ;  orve  w.Yks.2  Not.2 
[§v.]  Of  horses:  to  turn  to  the  left  towards  the  driver; 
gen.  used  as  an  int. :  a  carter's  or  ploughman's  command 
to  his  team.  Also  usedyTg-. 

Yks. 'Aauve  the  cum  hither,' followed  by  the  name  of  the  horse 
which  the  driver  wishes  to  bear  towards  himself  on  the  left 
(G.W.W.)  ;  MORTON  Cyclo.  Agric.  (1863).  n.Yks.  Gen.  used  in 
full  form,  '  Haave,  come  here  ! '  (R.H.H.) ;  n.Yks.1  Replaces  the 
older  word  '  hait ' ;  n.Yks.2  '  She  will  nowther  jee  nor  harve,'  will 
not  turn  one  way  or  the  other;  said  of  a  stubborn  woman  (s.v. 
Jee)  ;  n.Yks.4,  ne.Yks.1,  e.Yks.1,  w.Yks.12  Der.1  In  modified  use. 
nw.Der.1,  Not.  (J.H.B.)  Not.2  In  rare  use.  The  more  common 
word  is  'boc';  Not.8  'Orve  again.  s.Not.  Gen.  used  with  some  adv., 
as 'up,'  'ower,'  'again,'  'then'  (J.P.K.).  Lin.  BROWN  Lit.  Laur. 
(1890)  64  ;  Lin.1  n.Lin.  SUTTON  Wds.  (1881)  ;  n.Lin.1  sw.Lin.1 
They  have  to  take  care  in  awving  and  gee-ing  [turning  round  at 
the  end  of  the  furrows  in  ploughing]. 

Hence  Hoave-gee  or  -gee  wohop,  int.  a  call  to  a  horse 
to  go  straight  forward.  e.Yks.1 

HAUVE,  v?  Yks.  Lin.  Also  written  hawve  e.Yks. ; 
hoave  n.Yks.1*  e.Yks.1;  hove  e.Yks.1  w.Yks.;  oave 
m.Yks.1  [§v.]  1.  To  stare,  to  gaze  vacantly  or  in 
astonishment.  See  Awf. 

Yks.  What  are  ye  hauvin'  an'  gauvin'  at  ?  MACQUOID  Doris 
Barugh  (1877)  xxxiii.  n.Yks.1  ;  n.Yks.2  What  are  you  hauving 
at  t  n.Yks.4,  m.Yks.1,  n-Lin.1 

Hence  (i)  Hauven,  sb.  a  lout,  a  coarse  rude  fellow;  (2) 
Hauvenish,  adj.  loutish ;  (3)  Hauving,  ppl.  adj.  simple- 
wilted,  foolish,  clownish ;  (4)  -gam,  sb.  a  stupid  person ; 
(5)  Hauvish ,  adj.,  see  (3);  (6)  Hauvison,  (7)  Hauvy, 
(8)  Hauvy-gauvy,  sb.  a  simpleton ;  a  clownish,  awkward 

(i,  a)  n.Un.»  (3)  n.Yks.',  m.Yks.1  (4)  e.Yks.1  (5)  n.Yks.14 
w.Yks.  He's  up  to  o  sooarts  o  hoveish  wark.  It's  nobbut  one  ov 

his  hovish  speyks  [i.e.  remarks]  (D.L.):  w.Yks.1  (6)  n.Yks.2, 
m.Yks.1  (7)  m.Yks.1  (8)  n.Yks.  (T.S.),  n.Yks.124,  ne.Yks.l 
e.Yks.  What  a  hawvy-gawvy  Sammy-Codlin  sooat  ov  a  chap  oor 
Jack  is,  NICHOLSON  Flk-Sp.  (1889)  90;  e.Yks.1  MS.  add.  (T.H.) 
2.  To  walk  blunderingly  or  stupidly. 

e.Yks.1  Giles  hoav'd  inti  wrang  shop,  an'  Roger  hoav'd  eftcr  him. 

HAUVE,  HAUVER,  see  Haaf,  sb.1,  Haver,  sb.' 

HAUX,  v.    Hrf.2    To  stroll. 

Where  are  you  hauxing  off  to  ? 

HAV,  see  Haw,  sb.1 

HAVAGE,  sb.  Dev.  Cor.  Also  written  haveage. 
[ae'vidg.]  Race,  lineage,  family  stock. 

Dev.  Both  the  father  and  mother  being  pure  North- Devoners, 
and  claiming  descent  from  two  good  old  county  families,  they  were 
proud  of  the  '  haveage '  to  which  they  belonged,  Mem.  Rev.  J. 
Russell  (1883)  vi ;  Dev.1  Her  come  vrom  a  good  havage — the  very 
daps  of  her  mother,  7.  n.Dev.  'E'm  too  good  haveage  vor'n  by 
haff,  ROCK  Jim  an'  Nell  (1867)  St.  87.  nw.Dev.1  He  kom'th  of  a 
good  havage.  Cor.  I'd  like  my  old  bones  to  be  carr'd  home  to 
Came,  an'  laid  to  rest  'long  wi'  my  haveage, '  Q.'  Troy  Town  (1888) 
xix  ;  A  comprehensive  word,  applied  to  the  lineage  of  a  person ; 
his  family,  and  companions  with  whom  it  is  natural  for  him  to 
associate.  It  thus  marks  the  race  from  which  he  has  sprung  and 
his  station  in  society,  N.  &-•  Q.  (1854)  ist  S.  x.  318-9  ;  The  havage 
of  my  family  wain't  be  easy  for  to  find,  J.  TRENOODLE  Spec.  Dial. 
(1846)  9;  Cor.1  The  children  of  a  family  of  ill  repute  are  said  to 
be  '  o'  bad  havage  ' ;  Cor.2 

HAVANCE,  sb.  Obs.  Sc.  Dev.  Also  written  havence 
Frf.  Manners,  behaviour.  Cf.  havings. 

Frf.  Now  ilka  lad  does  taunt  her  wi'  her  havence,  MORISON 
Poems  (1790)  151.  Dev.  GROSE  (1790)  ;  (HALL.) 

HAVE,  v.  and  sb.  Van  dial,  forms  and  uses  in  Sc.  Irel. 
Eng.  and  Amer.  I.  Dial,  forms.  1.  Indicative  Mood, 
Present  Tense,  i.  Simple  Affirmative. 

Sc.  Aa  hae  or  haev,  hey  hass,  wey  hae  or  haev  ;  contracted  forms  : 
aa've,  hey's,  wey've,  MURRAY  Dial.  (1873)  219;  Hez,  ELLIS 
Pronunc.  ( 1889)  684.  Sh.I.  The  ill-vicked  coo  haes  short  horns, 
SPENCE  Fit  Lore  (1899)  229;  A'm  heard  o'  nae  rot  yit,  S/i.  News 
(Oct.  7,  1899)  ;  Da  tatties  ...  is  been  lack  braed,  ib. ;  Ye're 
shurely  brunt  dis  broth  folk,  ib.  (Dec.  16,  1899) ;  Dere  am  I  lost 
mi  coont,  ib.  [For  other  dial,  uses  of  'be'  for  'have,'  see  Be, 
VIII.  4.]  Doo  haes,  s.h(i's  tell'd,  ye  hae,  ib. ;  Ye  'a,  ib.  (Aug.  27, 
1898).  Or.I.  Du  hiz,  ELLIS  ib.  796.  Cat.1  I  hiv;  he,  hid  his;  we, 
&c.  hiv  ;  'e  man  his  ;  "e  men  hiv.  Bnff.1  He  hiz  as  ...  hang-dog- 
like  a  leuck's  iver  I  saw  (s.v.  Hang-dog") ;  He's  taen,iA.  21.  e.Sc. 
I've  been  feeared  for  this,  SETOUN  R.  Urquhart  (1896)  xxv ;  The 
loon  an'  you's  been  aye  haein  bits  o'  sharries,  ib.  viii;  Hae,  hiv 
[have],  his  [has]  (G.W.V  Frf.  I  hiv  or  hae  ;  he,  it  his;  we,  &c. 
hiv  or  hae  ;  the  man  his  a  hoose  ;  the  men  hiv  hooses  (J.B.). 
w.Frf.,  e.Per.  Ai'v,  emph.  ai  hev;  'e,  at  hez,  emph.  hi,  et  hez; 
wa,  &c.  hev,  emph.  wi  hev  ;  Sa  men  hez  or  hev  husaz  (W.A.C). 
n.Ayr.  I  ha'e  or  hiv;  he  his;  we,  &c.  hae  or  hiv  (J.F.).  Rxb.  Iv 
[you  havel,  ELLIS  16.714;  haez,  ib.  717;  Oo've  [we  have]  nae 
need  o'  sodgers'  claes,  MURRAY  Hawick  Sngs.  (1892)  31.  Dinf. 
We  hae  goods,  SHENNAN  Talcs  (1831)  43.  Wgt.  I've,  I  hiv  or  hae  ; 
thou'st ;  he  his,  he's  ;  we've,  we,  &c.  hiv  or  hae;  the  men  hiv  or 
hae  houses  (A.W.).  Ant.  A  hae  ;  he  haes  ;  we,  &c.  hae  ( W.J.  K.). 
n.Ldd.  I  have ;  he,  it  h£s ;  we,  &c.  have  orhev  (A.J.T.).  Wxf.1  Obs. 
Cha,  for  ich  ha  [I  have].  n.Cy.  I  han,  GROSE  (1790) ;  N.Cy.1  Hes, 
ban  pi.  Nhb.  Simple:  Aa'v,  thoo'st,  hee'z,  it'z;  stressed:  aa  he* 
or  hev  ;  thoo,  he,  it  hez.  Simple  :  We,  &c.  *v  ;  stressed :  we,  &c. 
he'  or  hev  ;  the  men  he'  hoozes.  The  forms  he"  and  hev  are  used, 
the  former  when  a  consonant  follows—'  Aa  he'  nowt  to  gi'  ye ' ; 
the  latter  when  it  is  followed  by  a  vowel  or  '  h '  mute — '  Aa  hev 
on'y  sixpence;  aa  hev  'im  noo'  (R.O.H.)  ;  Hest  [hast],  ib.  ; 
Whot  isnt  gyud  that  the  minister  hes  ?  RICHARDSON  Borderer's 
Table-bt.  (1846)  VIII.  201  ;  The  hens,  poor  things,  hes  nowt, 
ROBSON  Evangeline  (1870^  320.  Dur.  A  he,  hev  ;  dhu,  hi  hez  ;  wi 
hev;  hi  hest  [he  has  it],  ELLIS  ib.  618  ;  Dur.1  Hev,  hez.  Cum.  Ye 
that  hae  gear,  ANDERSON  Ballads  (ed.  1840)  57  ;  Cum.1  Ah  hev, 
I  ha';  Cum.8  I've  nit  sea  offen  hed,  3;  Thou's  cheatit  them,  ib. 
40 ;  I's  sworry  it  hes,  ib.  42 ;  We've  summat  else  to  deu,  I. 
c.Cum.  Ah  hev ;  thoo,  he,  it  hes  ;  we,  &c.  hev  ( J.A.).  s.Cnm  .1  hev ; 
thou,  he,  it  hez  ;  we,  &c.  hev;  the  men  hev  or  hez  houses  (J.P.). 
Cum.,  Wm.  Av,  az  [I  have],  ELLIS  ib.  569.  Wm.  I  hae  gitten  a 
swoap,  WHEELER  Dial.  (1790)  113,  ed.  1831  ;  Sail  hes  hort  her 
heel,  ib.  112.  n.Win.  I  heve  or  heh ;  thou,  he,  it  hez;  we,  &c. 
've ;  the  men  hev  or  hez  houses  (B.K.).  s.Wm.  I  hev  or  hes ; 
thoo,  he,  it  hes;  we,  &c.  hev.  Also  the  abbreviated  forms  's,  've: 




I's  gitten  ;  thoo's,  he's,  we've,  ye've,  they've  gitten  (J.M.).  n.Yks. 
Ah  hev  a_paper,  CASTILLO  Poems  (1878)  42;  Az  [I  have],  ELLIS 
ib.  504  ;  AV  a  lot  a  biznis  (W.H.)  ;  Thou  hez  meead  my  heart 
glad!  TWEDDELL  Clevel.  Rhymes  (1875)  34;  It's  ommest  deed 
away,  ib.  a;  Yah  hea  neea  wealth,  ib.  42;  n.Yks.1  Ah's  bin 
chassin'  t'harras,  95 ;  Thou's  getten  a  sair  clash,  ib.  102  ;  He's 
getten  t'farm,  ib.  29;  They've  getten  fairly  agate,  ib.  3;  n.Yks.2 
Hae,  hev  [have];  hez  [has].  ne.Yks.1  Ah  a'e,  ev,  or  Ve ;  thoo 
ez,  es,  or  'z  ;  he  ez  or  'z  ;  we,  &c.  a'e,  ev,  or've,  30.  e.Yks.  Az  or 
av  dian  [I  have  done!,  ELLIS  ib.  504  ;  I  'ev,  (e') ;  thoo,  he,  it  'ez  ; 
we,  &c.  'ev  (e')  ;  the  men  'ev,  e',  or'ez  houses  (R.S.) ;  Hey  [has], 
MARSHALL  Rur.  Econ.  (1788) ;  e.Yks.1  I  hev  or  hez  ;  thoo,  he  hez  ; 
we,  &c.  hev.  m.Yks.1  Aa  ev  ;  dhoo,  ey  ez  ;  wey,  &c.  ev;  aa'  ez' 
is  freq.  heard  for  '  I  have,'  Introd.  47.  w.Yks.  Aiv,  av,  iv;  Saz, 
Caz ;  iz ;  wlv  ;  ylv  ;  Seav,  Sev,  WRIGHT  Gram.  Wndhll.  (1892) 
154  ;  The  plural  forms  wlv,  &c.  are  only  used  in  comb,  with 
personal  pronouns,  in  other  cases  we  use  ez,  az,  z,  s,  just  as  in 
the  second  and  third  pers.  s.,  ib.  156;  At  hez  him  near  two  hands 
in  height,  LUCAS  Stud.  Nidderdale  (c.  1882)  258 ;  We'n  a  wooden 
ax  somewhere,  Gossips,  18 ;  Here  yo'n  been  spendin  all,  ib.  12; 
Ahr  voines  hae  tender  grapes,  ROGERS  Sng.  Sol.  (1860)  ii.  15; 
w.Yks.1  I've  [I  have] ;  ha,  hay,  hev  orhey  [have] ;  hes  [has]  ;  han 
[they  have] ;  w.Yks.2  I  ha  but  sixpence;  they  han  ;  w.Yks.3  We 
han  him.  Much  used  for  pi. ;  w.Yks.4  Han  pi. ;  w.Yks.5  He's 
gotten 't;  hehestu.  Lan.l'n  been  clean  again,  KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH 
Scarsdale  (1860)  I.  94  ;  I  han  got  no  money,  GASKELL  M.  Barton 
(1848)  vi ;  He's  etten  all  t'goose,  WAUGH  Heather  (ed.  Milner)  I. 
90;  '  Han  'gen.  becomes  shortened  into  ''n,'  when  preceded  by 
the  personal  pronouns.  We'n  better  i'  th'  heawse.  Yo'n,  they'n, 
GASKELL  Lectures  Dial.  (1854)  25  ;  Yoan  hameh  [have  my]  sneeze 
urn,  TIM  BOBBIN  View  Dial.  (1740)  29;  Theer  yo' han  him  pinned, 
BRIERLEY  Old  Radicals,  6;  Lan.1  Han  pi.  •  we'n,  we'en,  yo'n. 
e.Lan.1  Han//,  so. Lan.  Aw've ;  theaw'st  or  theaw's ;  he,  it  's; 
we,  &c.  'n  or  han  ;  th'  mon's  getten  a  heawse  ;  th'  men  have 
getten  heawses  (F.E.T.).  s.Lan.  Aw've;  thea's  or  thea  has  ;  he's; 
we.  &c.  've  or  we  han  ;  th'  mon's  getten  a  house  (S.W.) ;  Ez,  az 
[has],  ELLIS  ib.  332;  Ov  dun  [I  have  done],  ib.  333.  I.Ma.  I  hev, 
I've;  thou,  he,  we,